International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering:



ISSN:

2395-2717

Number of Papers:

270

Journal Site:



5 D Optical Storage Devices: Superman of All Storages

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Abhinandan Das | 

Abstract

Storage of data is very essential for the continuity of human race. Storage devices like pen drives, hard discs or even the internal storage offered in our mobile phones are not enough for storage of special types of data which may include microscopy, digital images and all sorts of computing data. Moreover, we face problems like crashing of the hard disc, pen drives etc. untimely. It is sometimes difficult to retrieve those vital data. Hence, we need to device a storage medium that can be used to read, write, store and erase data including those of medical imaging and microsurgery. At this juncture, nanotechnology comes into the foreplay, which has successfully recorded, read, and erased data from a piece of Nano-structured glass. This technique could revolutionize microscopy in general and medical imaging in specific — and, perhaps more importantly for computing, it could also be used to store binary data, like an optical disc. Unlike DVDs or Blue-rays, which seem to be capable of storing data for an unlimited period of time without a reduction in data integrity, the 5D optical storage could allow for densities as high as 360 terabytes per disc, and unless it is crushed in a vice, these discs are so non-volatile that data stored on them should survive the human race. However the implementation of digital data storage, which is a crucial step towards the real world applications, has not been demonstrated by ultrafast laser writing. Here, a digital copy of the text file in 5D using polarization controlled selfassembled ultrafast laser Nano structuring in silica glass has been successfully recorded and retrieved.

A Comprehensive Survey on MEMS Technology in RF as Road Map towards Future Research

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prof. Raju Yanamshetti | Sandeep Kumar Kulkarni

Abstract

Since 1980 there have been significant research with MEMS switch in the field of RF (Radio Frequency). In every 3-5 years there have been a break through achieved with MEMS in RF technology. This breakthrough include improvement in the switching voltage, improvement in the overall pass-band, improvement at the insertion loss and improvement at the switching speed. Currently MEMS switch offers a tremendously high frequency around 70GHz in comparison to FET which offers 4GHz, similarly diode offers 20GHz, EMR 5GHz, EMRSMA 40GHz . Even though insertion loss is now reduced to 0.25db, switching voltage has come down to 2 to 4 V, there are areas where MEMS still need significant amount of research in terms of unit cost MEMS switches are significantly high value in comparison to other peers, have present lesser less life time and represent high switching power (even though switching power comedown. A dedicated research is needed in the direction of MEMS based RF technology to improve this factor were they lag other semiconductor counterpart. This research requires and understanding of technological advancement in the area of MEMS along with the parameter and factor that have resulted changes and advancement. In this paper we present historical water fall in the advancement of MEMS over RF technology along with comprehensive analysis with the other parallel technology in terms of standard matrices and theoretical foundations.

A Device For Blind Human Ultrasonic Echolocation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Manika Bajpai | Dr. A.K. Wadhwani

Abstract

This paper present a device that combined the principles of ultrasonic human echolocation and animal echolocation .This device is helpful for blind and visually impaired people. Some animals such as (bats and dolphin) sense by active echolocation, in which emitted acoustic pulses and their reflection are used to sample the environment .Bats and dolphin are highly informative compared to humans. Active echolocation is also used by some blind humans, who use signals such as tongue clicks cane taps as mobility aids. The device consists of a headset with an ultrasonic emitter and stereo microphones affixed with artificial pinnae. Methods-: The echoes of ultrasonic pulses are recorded and time-stretched to lower their frequencies into the human auditory range before being played back to the user. Results- Simple words were able to lateral depth and distance judgments. This device is working as record the echoes. Conclusion-: This device is suggests can be used effectively for environment and human auditory system. Many humans is suffer for blindness (cardiac patient) and night visions this devices uses in this people.

A DVR Based Control Scheme for Power-Quality Improvement

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

K.P. Bheemanna | N. Rajeshkumar Gowd , G. Subba Rao Gupta

Abstract

Because of increasing complexity in the power system, voltage sag is getting to be a standout amongst the most critical power quality issues. Voltage sag is a short decrease voltage from nominal voltage, happens in a brief timeframe. On the off chance that the voltage sags surpass a few cycles, and then manufacturing systems making utilization of delicate electronic types of equipments are prone to be influenced prompting real issues. It at last prompts wastage of assets (both material and human) and in addition money related misfortunes. This is conceivable just by guaranteeing that continuous stream of power is kept up at legitimate voltage levels. This project tends take a solution at the using so as to take care of the sag issues custom power gadgets, for example, Distribution Static compensator (D-STATCOM).Proposed plan takes after another calculation to create reference voltage for a distributed static compensator (DSTATCOM) working in voltage-control mode. The proposed plan guarantees that unity power factor (UPF) is accomplished at the heap terminal amid ostensible operation, which is unrealistic in the conventional technique. Likewise, the compensator infuses lower streams in this manner, diminishes misfortunes in the feeder and voltagesource inverter. Further, a sparing in the rating of DSTATCOM is accomplished which expands its ability to alleviate voltage sag. About UPF is kept up, while directing voltage at the heap terminal, amid burden change. The state-space model of DSTATCOM is joined with the miscreant prescient controller for quick load voltage regulation amid voltage unsettling influences. With these elements, this plan permits DSTATCOM to handle power-quality issues by giving power factor redress, consonant end, load adjusting, and voltage regulation in light of the heap necessity. The performance of the proposed system can be improved by adding Dynamic Voltage Restorer(DVR)

A High Efficient Fully Soft Switched Isolated DC-DC Boost Converter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Aravind Murali | Mr.Benny.K.K, Mrs.Priya.S.P

Abstract

This paper proposes a fully soft switched isolated DC-DC boost converter, which consists of only one switch and this switch is turned-on at zero current switching and turned-off at zero voltage switching. All the diodes in this proposed converter is turned-off at zero current condition, regardless of voltage and load variations. This converter consists of a lossless snubber and an isolation transformer. Leakage inductance of this isolation transformer is used for zero voltage switching (ZVS). All these features make this particular boost converter high efficient and low cost. Simulation results are given in order to validate the proposed concept and these results are compared with simulation results of conventional converters

A High Gain Dc-Dc Converter with Coupled Inductor and Charge Pump

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Anitha K | Mrs.Rahumath Beeby, Mrs. Shoma Mani

Abstract

The Green Energy sources such as Photovoltaic cell and Fuel cell are more popular nowadays because of environment pollution and energy shortage. However, the output of these green energy sources seems to be very lowcompared to the dc bus voltage. Thus, a high step-up voltage gain dc-dc converter with high efficiency should be introduced to boost the voltage, and then this green energy can be connected to the grid. In order to obtain a high voltage gain, high efficiency converter, this paper proposes a dual switchdc-dc converter with three-winding-coupled inductor and charge pump. This converter provides a high step up voltage gain with low voltage/current stress on the power switches. It also can achieve a high gain with a small duty cycle, which is helpful to reduce the peak current through the power device and helps to improve the efficiency. A comparisonbetween performance of the proposed converter and previous high step up converters was conducted. Simulation results verify the correctness of the analysis.

A Multi-Output DC-DC Converter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Deepa Sanal | ] Jeneesh Scaria, Rahul. P

Abstract

A Multi-output DC - DC converter topologies can be used to generate multiple DC outputs from a single DC input source. The voltage gains can be step-up and /or step-down type. This paper proposes a dual-port DC-DC converter topology which generates two outputs, one step-up and one step-down, from a single DC input. Operating modes and steady state behaviour of the proposed converter has been studied in this paper. Using MATLAB/SIMULINK (R2013a) the proposed converter topology is simulated with open loop and closed loop control system to generate two outputs (a step-up and a step-down) from a single DC input and the results are compared.

A New Bidirectional Intelligent Semiconductor Transformer for SMAR GRITD Application

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

M.Veerasozhan | M.Saranya

Abstract

This paper includes a better topology of solid-state transformer (SST). In the process of designing the Ac to DC, DC to AC and Ac to AC conversions have been united in order to achieve greater efficiency. To get good and better efficiency from various SST, the AC to AC converters are being united in one matrix converter for better output performance. The newly proposed solid state transformer performs critical functions and has many more advantages such as correction in power factor, sag and swell elimination, flicker of voltage reduction and safe capability in order of error situations. Now additionally, it has includes many other benefits also such as low weight, minimum volume and reduction of dangerous liquid dielectrics includes just because it involves medium frequency transformer. The working and some actions of the newly proposed SST have been tested by the results via simulations.

A New Hybrid Multi Level Inverter with a New Switching Technique

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Adapala Tejasree | I Siva Prasad

Abstract

Multilevel inverters have been an attractive topology for academia as well as industry in the recent decade for high power and medium voltage energy control. An asymmetric multilevel inverter, a new topology increases the level of output with reduced lower order harmonics and total harmonic distortion. In this paper, a new multi-level inverter (MLI) is introduced. This paper mainly focusing on reduction of Total Harmonic Distortion (THD). By adding one step voltage to the conventional MLI to increase number of levels without increasing the number of switches and to achieve minimum THD with simple switching technique called equal area criteria (EAC). By calculating switching angles at which the power switch should operate to eliminate lower order harmonics. In conventional method (symmetrical voltage sources), we need nineteen power switches to get 31-level. But in proposed MLI only eight power switches we can get up to 31-level with V1:2V1:4V1:8v1 voltage ratios and grate reduction of THD with in IEEE standards. The proposed 31-level inverter is simulated with resistive load using MATLAB/Simulink and the simulation results shown for 31-level.

A Novel Approach for Design and Analysis of A Modular Multilevel Converters For HVDC Networks

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Y. Dilli Krishnaiah | J.Yugandhar

Abstract

Modular multilevel converters are a rising voltage source converter topology reasonable for some applications. The expanded usage of HVDC power transmission arrangements has brought about Modular Multilevel Converter sturning into a more regular converter sort. Different applications incorporate interfacing renewable vitality power sources to the system and engine drives. Measured multilevel converters are gainful for medium voltage engine drives in light of the fact that the properties of this converter topology, for example, low twisting, take into account an effective engine drive plan. In this paper we exhibited the configuration and execution of a vigorous Modular Multilevel Converter which can be interconnected with the conventional HVDC power dispersion systems which gives various remarkable execution highlights like bidirectional power flow coordination, dependable step up and step down operation particular multilevel dc/dc converter, termed the DC-MMC, that can be sent to interconnect and bidirectional adaptation to internal failure which is as often as possible found in the DC circuit breakers. The center part of the proposed Modular Multilevel Converter make utilization of interleaved strings of fell submodules.The proposed converter model actualizes an open circle voltage control technique to guarantee the power equalization of each discrete capacitor module with the assistance of flowing AC ebbs and flows. The proposed converters are composed, executed and tried in the Matlab Environment. The recreation results pronounced that the proposed methodology is best in all viewpoints and beats all the current methodologies.

A Novel Approach for Improvement of Power Quality in Transmission System by Using Distributed Power- Flow Controller

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Raja Reddy Duvvuru | B.Venkata Prasanth , V.Ganesh

Abstract

The Electronic based FACTS controllers are static equipment. Its principle purpose is to control AC transmission. The parameters of FACTS are enhancement of controllability, ability of power transfer, control of line impedance, load angle and the magnitude of bus voltage. A unified power controller is to be a static device and this system device should have quick reactive transmission. This paper focuses on the issues like voltage sag and swell of power quality. DPFC is used to moderate the voltage variation and improve power quality and also used to couple the phase controllable bridges to produce current which is injected into a transmission line by using series of transformers. The UPFC is a combination of a static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) and a static synchronous series compensator (SSSC) which is coupled with common DC link. The DPFC eliminates the common dc link between the shunt and series converters and also it performs in transmission line to exchange real power between converters at the 3rd harmonic frequency. The DPFC employs several 1-phase converters like D-FACTS concepts as the series compensator. These concepts reduce the rating of the components and offer a high reliability. Since the DPFC can immediately control the active and reactive power flow and the voltage magnitude, it implies a great potential for power oscillation damping. The case study contains a DPFC located in an exceedingly single-machine infinite bus power grid with 2 parallel transmission lines that simulated in MATLAB/Simulink. The bestowed simulation results of a DPFC device wont to improve the facility quality.

A Novel Cascaded Two-Level H-Bridge Voltage Source Inverter Based STATCOM for High Power Applications

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

S. Rama Maddileti | V.Venkata Krishna Reddy , V.Rafi

Abstract

In this paper presents a var compensation by a cascaded two-level H-Bridge VSI based multilevel static compensator (STATCOM) using SVPWM. The topology consists of two voltage source inverters are connected in cascaded through a 3-phase transformer. The benefit of this topology is that by maintaining asymmetric voltages at the dc capacitors of the inverters, the levels in the waveform of output voltage can be increases. This results power quality (PQ) improved. The main object of this paper is balancing the dc link capacitor voltages of multilevel inverters during balancing and unbalancing conditions. This controller is controlling inverter voltage in such a way that either –ve sequence current flowing into the inverter is eliminated or reduces the unbalancing in the grid voltages. The performance of the control scheme during balanced and unbalanced conditions is analysed through MATLAB/SOMULINK.

A Novel Duty Cycle Sliding Control Methodology for Non-Isolated Cuk Converters Applied to Renewable Energy Systems

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Aditya Anilkumar | Phalgun Madhusudan, Abhishek Paramanand, Srinidhi H Srinivas, A Sreedevi

Abstract

This paper discusses application of control of duty cycle for a non-isolated Cuk converter applied to provide continuous low ripple DC output from a hybrid renewable source consisting of a low power solar panel and windmill pair. The convention, in technology today is to utilise complex feedback loops to control output voltage with respect to sporadic swings in input. This paper provides simulational results for the efficacy of control methodology consisting of sliding the duty cycle and also a second order linear equation for the control characteristics with this method.

A Novel Pricing Based Algorithm for Intelligent and Economical Load Shedding for Conventional and Smart Grid Applications

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Aditya Anilkumar | Phalgun Madhusudan

Abstract

Intelligent load shedding, as a concept has been in vogue from the beginnings of large scale power systems. Attempts to optimise load shedding using various optimisation techniques and parameters have given several approaches to this problem with tradeoffs in speed and performance. Emphasis on the speed of computation gives sub optimal solutions and emphasis on optimal results slows computations to such an extent that real time optimal solutions are rarely possible to implement. Also, in cases of open energy markets, load shedding involves heavy costs to be borne, by the consumer, the supplier and the facilitator. This makes a live, real time economically intelligent load shedding algorithm conducive for power system operators nowadays. This paper proposes and tests, by simulation, the performance of the novel AP algorithm for economic load shedding.

A Novel Three Phase Dual-Input Dual-Output Indirect Matrix Converter by Model Predictive Controller

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Choppa Manoj Kumar | T.Gurubhavan

Abstract

This paper presents a novel Matrix converter two AC input and two ac outputs. The presented topology is based on the traditional indirect matrix converter (IMC) but with its rear and front end six switch converter is replaced by a compact nine switch rectifier, inverter with only three extra switches added. The proposed converter can produce two sets of three phase ac outputs. This Indirect matrix converter topology can independently supply ac power from two different three phase ac power sources. A model predictive control (MPC) uses the discrete time model of the converter and load parameters are used to predict the behavior of the input reactive power on the supply side and the output currents for each valid switching state the control method selects the best commutation state. The control action which minimizes the cost function is selected and applied to the system for the next time interval. This paper presents a finite control set of model predictive control strategy for a dual input- dual output indirect matrix converter.

A Photo Voltaic System Based Dual Inverter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

S.Sarada | C.Ganesh , L.Chandra kanth

Abstract

This scheme presents an integrated solution for Photo Voltaic cell(PV) fed water-pump drive machine which uses an Open-End Winding Induction Motor (OEWIM). The dual inverter fed OEWIM drive achieves the functionality of a three level inverter and needs low value DC bus voltage. This helps in optimal arrangement of Photo voltaic cells, this can avoid large strings and helps in improving the PV performance with wide band-width of operating voltage. It also reduces the voltage rating of the DC-link capacitors and switching devices used in the system. The proposed control scheme achieves an integration of both Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) and V/f control for the efficient utilization of the PV panels and the motor. The proposed control scheme requires the sensing of PV voltage and current only. Thus, the system requires less number of sensors.

A Quad Two-Level Inverter Topology

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

C.Ganesh | S.Srada , I.Sreekanthaiah

Abstract

A multilevel inverter topology for a four-pole induction-motor drive is presented in this paper, which is constructed using the induction-motor stator winding arrangement. A single dc source with a less magnitude when compared with conventional fivelevel inverter topologies is used in this topology. Therefore, power balancing is-sues (which are major challenges in conventional multilevel inverters) are minimized. As this configuration uses a single dc source, it provides a path for zero-sequence currents because of the zero-sequence voltages present in the output, which will flow through the motor phase winding and power electronic switches. To minimize these zero-sequence currents, sine–triangle pulse width modulation (SPWM) is used, which will shift the lower order harmonics near to switching frequency in the linear modulation region. However, in the case of over modulation, harmonic voltages will be introduced close to the fundamental frequency. In this regard, a modified SPWM technique is proposed in this paper to operate the drive in the over modulation region up to the modulation index of 2/?3. The proposed quad two-level inverter topology is experimentally verified with a laboratory prototype on a four-pole 5- hp induction motor. Experimental results show the effectiveness of the pro-posed topology in the complete linear modulation region and the over modulation region.

A Review of Net Metering with Ongrid Inverter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prof. Mr. I.D. Pharne | Mr. S. S. Malage , Mr. A. J. Patil , Mr. A. D. Landage

Abstract

With the increase in implement of solar PV in India, a net metering policy is need of ours. Solar energy is clean, inexhaustible and environment-friendly resource among all renewable energy options. In this paper, concept of net metering through solar system and analysis of data carried out is explored for the beneficial of consumers for studying the feasibility of net metering in India. Also it is found that simple net metering policy is unable to accommodate various categories of consumers. So, making a net metering, which is more scalable, feasible and financially viable is challenge. According to consumers’ classifications net metering is a billing mechanism that credits solar energy system owners for the electricity they add to the grid.

A Review Paper on Application of Solar System in the Field of Agriculture

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prof. C.W. Jadho | Shradhha Makade , Shubhangi Nagapure , Vaishnavi Welpulwar

Abstract

India is the country of villages. This being said the major occupation of majority of villages in India is farming. There also have been changes in agricultural technology and practices with recent advancements in engineering and technology. Seed sowing is the basic operations needed to get better revenue from agriculture. Manual sowing should not give adequate spacing between row to row. Manual sowing is very time consuming process and costly. Hence, it is a necessary for appropriate seed drill for sowing seed. Indian farmer perform agriculture mostly with manual operation. The pain involved in doing each and every manual operation related to agriculture. Thus this project deals with design and fabrication of a smart seed sowing machine for Indian farmers. This Paper deals with the various sowing methods used in India for seed sowing . The comparison between the traditional sowing method and the new proposed machine which can perform a number of simultaneous operations and has number of advantages. As day by day the labor availability becomes the great concern for the farmers and labor cost is more, this machine reduces the efforts and total cost of sowing the seeds.

A Single Stage Inverter for Photovoltaic Application

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Nitha Bosi P.T. | 

Abstract

Renewable energy technologies offers clean, abundant energy gathered from self renewing resources such as sun, wind etc. As power demand increases, power failure also increases. So, renewable energy source can be used to provide constant loads. But the voltage range of photovoltaic cell is influenced by several environmental factors and it varies in wide range. So the inverter system must operate in both buck and boost modes. This paper presents a single stage buck boost inverter topology. The voltage boosting is done with the help of ac-ac unit composed of active switches. Thus reducing the passive elements and this increases the efficiency of the system. Operational analyses in both modes are presented. MATLAB simulink model is developed. Experimental results are presented to verify the operation.

A Smart Prepaid Anti-theft Energy meter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ann Mary Michael | Mathews Mathew, Raghav Nath , Reeja Mathew, Rohit Koshy Roy

Abstract

Power utilities in different countries are incurring huge losses due to electricity theft. This paper proposes the control of electricity theft by using a prepaid energy metering system. In this system a smart energy meter is installed in every consumer unit and at the service provider side a server is maintained. The meter and the server are equipped with GSM module which facilitates bidirectional communication. By sending a PIN number hidden in a scratch card to the server using SMS consumers can easily recharge their energy meter. The bidirectional GSM communication using SMS ensures the effectiveness of these measures. Pilferage of electricity can be substantially reduced by incorporating the proposed measures along with the prepaid metering scheme. Legal actions against dishonest consumers are also taken in this system.

A Smart Prepaid Anti-Theft Energy Meter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ann Mary Michael | Mathews Mathew , Raghav Nath , Reeja Mathew , Rohit Koshy Roy

Abstract

Power utilities in different countries are incurring huge losses due to electricity theft. This paper proposes the control of electricity theft by using a prepaid energy metering system. In this system a smart energy meter is installed in every consumer unit and at the service provider side a server is maintained. The meter and the server are equipped with GSM module which facilitates bidirectional communication. By sending a PIN number hidden in a scratch card to the server using SMS consumers can easily recharge their energy meter. The bidirectional GSM communication using SMS ensures the effectiveness of these measures. Pilferage of electricity can be substantially reduced by incorporating the proposed measures along with the prepaid metering scheme. Legal actions against dishonest consumers are also taken in this system.

A Study Project on Online Monitoring and Controlling of Substation Using SCADA

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Krupa M | Shruthi B

Abstract

Development of nation depends upon electric energy and at present scenario there is large gap between electric generation and load [1]. This gap can be filled with proper control, monitoring and coordinating the distribution components at power sector [2]. In this view, Automation of power transmission system has increasingly been adopted by power utilities worldwide in recent years. As part of its efforts to provide a more reliable supply to the customer and to enhance operational efficiency, the automation of the power system can be achieved by SCADA [3].

A Switched Capacitor based Multilevel Inverter using Stepped Waveform Technique

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

P.Anilkumar Reddy | G.Ratnaiah

Abstract

It is pretty preferable to adapt high frequency (HF) transmission rather than low frequency AC power distribution systems (PDS).Because HF inverter acts as source side in HFAC PDS. A new switched capacitor (SC) based multilevel inverter (MLI) is proposed in this paper which is designed by SC at frontend and H-Bridge backend. SC is connected in series and in parallel to increase the number of voltage levels. With increase in number of voltage levels total harmonic distortion (THD) can be reduced. A stepped waveform method is proposed in this paper to determine the switching angles. The circuit topology, stepped waveform technique, operation, Fourier analysis, parameter determination and topology enhancement are examined. An experimental prototype with output frequency of 25 kHz is implemented to compare the results.

A Thermo Electric Heating Based Solar Powered Egg Incubator For Remote Areas

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

VinuSankar | Rani Chacko , Anish Benny

Abstract

Incubators are devices which provides virtual atmosphere for egg hatching. Many conventional egg hatching mechanisms are existed in the early days and in nowadays electrical incubator become a replacement for conventional egg incubators. Due to high initial and operating cost it is not accessible for small scale poultry farmers. In this thesis a new thermo electric heating based solar powered egg incubator with closed loop temperature and humidity control, egg turning mechanism, effective ventilation is introduced. The cooling feature of thermo electric module can be utilized for refrigeration applications.

Adaptive Electromagnetic Braking in Vehicle to Avoid Accidents

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

A.V.Todkar | S.A.Nachankar, P.G.Survashi, S.R.Patil , A.V.Kamble , Miss.P.M.Koli

Abstract

An electromagnetic braking is a new and revolutionary concept. Electromagnetic braking system is a modern technology braking system used in commercial vehicles. It aims to minimize the brake failure to avoid the road accidents. It also reduces the maintenance of braking system. So for reliable braking the proposed scheme use the electromagnet while the function of this electromagnet is to develop a magnetic force to engage the brake .In that ultrasonic sensor measure distance between vehicle and obstacle and Proximity sensors measure the speed of vehicle. Comparing the distance and speed, the 89S52 microcontroller gives the signal to relay and electromagnet when safety distance is reduced than safety limit. Constant speed can be achieved by the using resistive touchpad screen. For that DC motor is used to pull accelerator to control the speed. The proposed scheme is simulated in Proteus and implemented in hardware (prototype).

Alleviation of Power Quality Tribulation Using Series Active Power Filter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

G.Gomathy | G.Anupriya, R.Srinidhi, M.Hareeshma

Abstract

This paper presents a control strategy Synchronous Reference Frame Theory (SRF) for three phase Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) using MATLAB/SIMULINK. DVR is a three phase converter coupled with a DC Capacitor, which acts as Series Active Power Filter (SAPF). Since, power quality focuses on distribution side, the quality of power interns of voltage should not distorted by different faults. Hence, DVR plays an important role with the control strategy to make DVR active during fault conditions. Simulation results are carried out for LLL-G (Voltage Sag), L-G (Voltage Unbalance), increase in supply voltage (Voltage Swell), and distortion fluctuations in voltage (Voltage flickering) using MATLAB/SIMULINK

An Asymmetric Multilevel Inverter Topology for PV Applications with Reduced Number of Power Electronic Components

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

K.Srinivasu | S.M.Shariff , Dr. K.Satyanarayana

Abstract

Multilevel inverter performance is high compared to the conventional two level inverters due to their reduced harmonic distortion, lower electromagnetic interference. However the main drawback of multilevel inverter is increased number of switches, complex pulse width modulation control and balancing of capacitor voltages. This paper proposes a single phase fifteen level inverter for photo-voltaic applications. The proposed inverter topology consists of fewer components with low complexity gate drives and control signals. This paper also presents the most relevant control and modulation methods like Staircase modulation technique with sinusoidal wave as reference. In this paper also studied proposed multilevel inverter topology for both symmetric and asymmetric configurations. Proposed multilevel inverter is compared with already existing inverter topologies. The entire system is numerically simulated using MATLAB/SIMULINK and the simulation results are presented.

An Enhanced iUPQC Controller to Provide Extra Grid-Voltage Regulation as a STATCOM

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

S.Mahaboob Basha | P.Bhaskar prasad , P.Chakradhar Rao

Abstract

This paper presents an improved controller for the dual topology of the unified power quality conditioner (iUPQC) extending its applicability in power-quality compensation, as well as in micro-grid applications. By using this controller, beyond the conventional UPQC power quality features, including voltage sag/swell compensation, the iUPQC will also provide reactive power support to regulate not only the load-bus voltage but also the vol t-age at the grid-side bus. In other words, the iUPQC will work as a static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) at the grid side, while providing also the conventional UPQC compensations at the load or micro-grid side. Experimental results are provided to verify the new functionality of the equipment.

An Integration of an UPQC In Micro-grid With Improving The Power Quality In Both Interconnected And Islanding Modes of Operation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

G.Venkatesh | L.Baya Reddy , D.B.Eswar Rao

Abstract

the placement, integration, and control of unified power quality conditioner (UPQC) in distributed generation (DG)- based grid connected/autonomous micro-grid/ micro generation (?G) system has been presented here. The DG converters (with storage) and the shunt part of the UPQC Active Power Filter (APFsh) is placed at the Point of Common Coupling (PCC). The series part of the UPQC (APFse) is connected before the PCC and in series with the grid. The dc link can also be integrated with the storage system. An intelligent islanding detection and reconnection technique (IR) are introduced in the UPQC as a secondary control. Hence, it is termed as UPQC?G?IR. The advantages of the proposed UPQC?G?IR over the normal UPQC are to compensate voltage interruption in addition to voltage sag/swell, harmonic, and reactive power compensation in the interconnected mode. During the interconnected and islanded mode, DG converter with storage will supply the active power only and the shunt part of the UPQC will compensate the reactive and harmonic power of the load. It also offers the DG converter to remain connected during the voltage disturbance including phase jump.

An Investigation of Corrosion Behavior at Weld Interface in SA 213 and SA 387 FWTPET Joints

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

P.G.Karuppanna Raja | Dr.M.Rajkumar

Abstract

Friction welding of tube to tube plate using an external tool (FWTPET) is a solid state welding process used for joining tube to tube plate of either similar or dissimilar materials with metallurgical properties. In the present study, FWTPET has been used to weld SA 213 tube with SA 387 tube plate and the corrosion behaviour at weld interface has been analyzed and the weld interface is found to have increased in corrosion resistance value due to the influence of the grain refinement after the welding process. Hence, the present investigation is carried out to analysis the corrosion behaviour at weld interface in the presence and absence of corrosion inhibitor Sodium Potassium Tartrate (SPT) with well water in friction welded dissimilar joints of SA 213 tube and SA 387 tube plate joints and the results are presented.

Analysing Different Efficiency Evaluation Methods For Induction Motors

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Alphy Maria Abraham | Gilson Paul George,Josmy Jose, Reenu George

Abstract

Induction motors are the most commonly used machine in industry because of their robust nature. Energy management of induction motor is relevant as they form the bulk segment in industry. So online monitoring and efficiency estimation of the existing induction motors play a vital role in energy management. The air gap torque (AGT) method is a well established technique for determining the efficiency of an induction motor, since it is known to be highly accurate Unlike testing motor efficiency in a laboratory, certain methods given in IEEE Standard 112 cannot be used for motor efficiency evaluations in the field. For example, it is difficult to load a motor in the field with a dynamometer when the motor is already coupled to driven equipment. The motor efficiency field evaluation faces a different environment from that for which IEEE Standard 112 is chiefly written. A field evaluation method consists of one or several basic methods. This paper separates and compares the basic methods according to their physical natures.

Analysis & Simulation of Two Different MPPT Techniques for Photovoltaic System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mrudani Wakhare | Rashmi Lohkare , Sneha khodke

Abstract

Photovoltaic (PV) is a technical name in which radiant (photon) energy from the sun is converted to direct current (dc) Electrical Energy. PV power output is still low, continuous efforts are taken to develop the PV converter and controller for maximum power extracting efficiency and reduced cost factor. The maximum power point tracking (MPPT) is a process which tracks one maximum power point from array input, varying the ratio between the voltage and current delivered to get the most power it can. In this paper the MPPT algorithm is implemented using Boost & Buck converter. The dynamics of PVA is simulated at different solar irradiance and cell temperature. The P&O MPPT technique is a direct control method enables ease to implement and less complexity.

Analysis and Mitigation of Harmonics Using Passive Filters

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mathew Abraham | AnoopR,Barath S Kumar,LiyaDevassy

Abstract

Harmonics are the components of a distorted periodic waveform whose frequencies are integer multiples of the fundamental frequency caused mainly due to the non-linear loads. The effects of harmonics includes increased losses, equipment heating, loss-of-life etc. In this project we analysed the presence of harmonics due to the switching components and non-linear elements in a system. Using a fluke meter we could compare the performance of linear and non-linear elements in a power system. As it is necessary to eliminate the harmonics this project provides an explanation of the design of a passive filter for harmonic mitigation. A passive filter was designed for a 500W, 230V experimental setup and the harmonic distortion was found to be reduced. In addition to explaining the theory behind, useful observations and charts are included so that reader can use this information for the future analysis of their power system circumstances.

Analysis of Power System Stability of IEEE 9 Bus System with TCSC and STATCOM

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Pratiksha Panchbhai | P. S. Vaidya

Abstract

In this paper series FACTS device TCSC and shunt FACTS device STATCOM is used to improve the stability of IEEE 9 bus system under fault condition. STATCOM is used to compensate the reactive power and TCSC is used to enhance the power transfer capability of the system. The IEEE 9 bus system is designed in MATLAB SIMULINK software by using the standard data. The system is first tested without any device and then the devices are connected one by one and the results are obtained. The analysis of results shows that without the FACTS device under fault condition there are a lot of oscillation in the system and it takes much time for the system to become stable whereas with FACTS device connected the system oscillations are reduced and also the system becomes stable in less time.

Analysis of Seismic Performance of an RC Building Retrofitted with Buckling Restrained Braces

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Megha S. Joy | Bindu Biju

Abstract

According to recent earthquake histories, damages and collapses in structures caused greater loss in life and property. So, it is very important to develop an alternate method to enhance the earthquake resistance of building by more realistic approaches to seismic retrofitting after examining the current building codes. The main aim of seismic retrofitting is increasing lateral strength, strength and ductility. Buckling restrained braces (BRBs) is used for retrofitting with the property to yield both in tension and compression and also increases strength and stiffness. This study presents, analysing G+6 storey RC building seismically retrofitted with BRBs having storey-height 3m for gravity and seismic loads for desired parameters such as storeydisplacement relation, base shear, inter storey drift etc. The configurations of BRB used in this study are inverted V, V bracing, cross, forward and backward diagonal configuration. The comparative study between building with and without BRBs is done.

Analysis of Speed Control of Three Phase Induction Motor by V/f Method Using SVPWM Technique

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Stuti Yadav | 

Abstract

This paper deals with “Analysis of speed control of three phase induction motor by V/f Method using SVPWM Techniques”. Induction motor is widely used in industrial plant because we can easily control the speed of the motor by using different techniques. There are so many techniques for the speed control of induction motor like voltage control method, pole changing arrangement, cascade control, V/f method. Rotor resistance control method is used for slip ring induction motor. In V/f Method ac supply is rectified & then applied to a PWM inverter to obtain a variable voltage and variable frequency. By this method we can get different synchronous speed with almost same maximum torque. Thus, the motor is completely utilized & also we have a good range of speed control. BY using SVPWM techniques output voltage obtain will be more than the output voltage obtain by SPWM technique that’s why we are this technique & efficiency of the motor is also improved it means it is more efficient above 90% at full load.THD in the line voltage & line current is also less. This technique is used for speed control of induction motor is used for both constant and fan type load. By using this technique induction motor replace the separately excited dc motor because dc motor takes time to time maintenance for commutator and brush holder. Due to which cost of the drive system is increases. A 4.4kW squirrel cage induction motor is used for analysis purpose. Simulation results are obtained.

Analysis, Modeling and Simulation of Fixed Beam Cantilever Using Eigen Frequency

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

B Jyoti | Girija.M.Nimbal , S.V.Halse

Abstract

The modeling is performed by using the finite element analysis software, COMSOL Multiphysics, Structural Mechanics modules, version 4.3. The purpose of the study of static analysis is to find the magnitudes and locations of the maximum strain, stress, and electrical potential on the cantilever beam when an external static load is applied to the beam’s free end. The eigen frequency analysis is then performed to find the first six modes of frequencies and the deformation pattern of the beam. The timedependent analysis is used to solve for the transient solution when the applied external load is time dependent and has a frequency that is close to the beam’s 1st natural frequency. Such a dynamic load should cause the beam to have maximum strain, stress, and electrical potential than a dynamic load with a frequency further away from the beam’s natural frequency. In this paper analysis modeling and simulation of natural frequency of a fixed –end beam made of silicon, with a geometry and dimensions of beam having width 40x10-6 m, depth (thickness) 6x10-6 m, length 600x10-6 m. and subjected to a longitudinal stress at 187MPa.

Analysis, Modeling and Simulation of Fixed Beam Cantilever Using Eigen Frequency

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

B Jyoti | Girija.M.Nimbal , S.V.Halse

Abstract

The modeling is performed by using the finite element analysis software, COMSOL Multiphysics, Structural Mechanics modules, version 4.3. The purpose of the study of static analysis is to find the magnitudes and locations of the maximum strain, stress, and electrical potential on the cantilever beam when an external static load is applied to the beam’s free end. The eigen frequency analysis is then performed to find the first six modes of frequencies and the deformation pattern of the beam. The time-dependent analysis is used to solve for the transient solution when the applied external load is time dependent and has a frequency that is close to the beam’s 1st natural frequency. Such a dynamic load should cause the beam to have maximum strain, stress, and electrical potential than a dynamic load with a frequency further away from the beam’s natural frequency. In this paper analysis modeling and simulation of natural frequency of a fixed –end beam made of silicon, with a geometry and dimensions of beam having width 40x10-6 m, depth (thickness) 6x10-6 m, length 600x10-6 m. and subjected to a longitudinal stress at 187MPa.

ANN Control And Comparitive Methods for Analogue Switched Reluctance Motor Drives

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Malini K V | K.Gopinath, M. Savitha, Yeshwanth. S, Sai Prasad K V

Abstract

The Switched reluctance motor is a well known motor for its ruggedness, simple structure, adoptability and inexpensive manufacturing. This paper presents a suitable way of the drive using ANN method of switching. Its linear model switching and characteristics makes the drive suitable for different methods of drive control. Its dynamics, parameters and control characteristics are discussed in detail. The artificial neural network gives the possibility of controlling the drive for various conditions. This paper discussed the methods of control of SRM in various ways and compares the methods. Artificial Neural Networks are computational models used to obtain complex nonlinear relationships between input and output variables. It is one of the powerful modeling techniques, based on a statistical approach, presently adopted in the field of engineering, The key methods of fuzzy logic and ANN mapping by adjusting the controller gain.The scaling factor fine tuned to give tuning mechanism. The reduction in the number of fuzzy sets of controllers improves the characteristics and thereby reduces the number of sets.

APF with PI Controller Based Harmonic Reduction in Micro Grid Distribution System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

D.Sai Krishna Kanth | G. Venkatesh , P. Lakshmi Devi

Abstract

In distribution systems, the nonlinear loads draws non-sinusoidal currents from the AC mains due to sudden increase or decrease of load and also affects the load harmonics and reactive power. It also produces excessive neutral currents that give smog in power systems. Due to the nonlinear features and fast switching of power electronic devicesmost pollution problems are created in power systems. The Shunt active power filter(SAPF)controlled PWM converters are based on currentand has seen as a most viable solution. So the harmonics and reactive power compensation is presented in this paper from 3P4W micro-grid distribution system by PI controlled shunt active power filter (SAPF). The technique used to generate desired compensation current extraction is based on offset command instantaneous currents distorted or voltage signals in the time domain because compensation time domainresponse is quick and it produces easy implementation and lower computational load than the frequency domain.The MATLAB/Simpower Systems tool has proved that the combined system inject maximum power and compensate the reactive power and harmonic current drawn by nonlinear loads.

Application of Flywheel for Energy Storage System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Shridhika Malode | Prof.R.Hiware

Abstract

The world’s energy sources are derived from conventional sources i.e. fossil fuels. These are non renewable energy sources and are limited on the earth whatever energy generated from these primary energy sources should be utilized optimally. A fly wheel is an inertial energy storage device which absorbs mechanical energy and serves as reservoir, storing energy during the period when the supply of energy is more than requirement or in other words, flywheel can store electricity from the electrical supply system in the form of kinetic energy, and can dispense that energy back to the electrical supply system in quick bursts. It is significant and attractive for energy futures sustainable. The key factors of flywheel energy technology, such as flywheel material, Flywheel shape and its supporting assembly are described, which directly influence the amount of energy storage . It is very suitable to such applications including, Cloud Mitigation for Solar PV, Mitigation for Wind, Wind/Diesel/Flywheel Hybrid, Stabilization of Distributed Generation (DG) Systems, Peak Power Support, Frequency Response Reserve (FRR), Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS), Reactive Power Support (VAR support) and many other applications, with the view of new technologies the cost of Flywheel technology can be lowered and this technology will play a vital role in securing global energy sustainability.

Applications of Unconventional Statistical and Fermi Estimation Techniques to Study the Economic Feasibility of Micro and Nano Wind Turbine Power Generation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Phalgun Madhusudan | Aditya Anilkumar

Abstract

Electrical engineers around the world are researching applicability of micro and nano wind turbines placed around buildings and structures in cities to harvest clean renewable energy. Economic considerations of such endeavours have been studied to a very low extent. The practical non-existence of such functioning systems around the world prevents engineers from performing highly accurate studies of the economic impact of such projects. This paper uses unconventional statistical modelling in conjunction with Fermi estimation techniques to perform an economic analysis for such projects.

Assessment of Demand Response capability with Thermostatic loads in Residential sector

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Amrutha Maria Mathew | Rishi Menon

Abstract

In competitive electricity markets with deep efficiency concerns, demand response gains significant importance. Moreover, demand response can play a very relevant role in the context of power systems with an intensive use of distributed energy resources, from which renewable intermittent sources are a significant part. During the effort to accommodate larger shares of renewable sources, while maintaining the power balance and ensuring the reliability of the power system, the implementation of demand response mechanisms may provide considerable options to reshape the supply of electrical energy. As demand response levels have decreased after the introduction of competition in the power industry, new approaches are required to take full advantage of demand response opportunities. Here, the study presents a new approach for modeling flexible loads and aims to create further knowledge on the potentials of residential demand response concepts.

Assessment of Energy Conservation at Amman Try Steel Industries through Led Lighting Retrofit

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

K Sarath Kumar | M Sathyamoorthi , M Selva Kumar , V Heawin Jeba Kumar

Abstract

In India, there is a mismatch between power generation and power demand. With the growth of India’s economy, demand for energy will also increase. Indian power sector needs to plug the gap between demand and supply through renewable and nonrenewable source. The demand for energy has grown closer to 3.5% per annum over last three decades, the power houses that are generating energy fails to fulfill the demand. Industries and households resort to the use of diesel or portable kerosene generators to generate power for operating part of their loads. According to the Indian petroleum and natural gas statistics, India is one of the world’s largest importers of crude oil, gas and coal which will create the global warming issues. In The lighting energy consumption in India is 71% of total energy consumption. The paper specifically aims on industrial lighting energy consumption, by replacing the traditional lamps in industries with LED lamps thereby contributing to national energy consumption scheme. LED components were purchased from local market and energy auditing at steel industrial where studied. The recommendations were given to industry for retrofit of traditional lamps with LED.

Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) Device for People with Communication Disorder

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Deepika T V | Sowjanya M N, Amrutha R

Abstract

Communication involves sharing of one’s desires, thoughts and humors. People suffering from autism, cerebral palsy or with speech disorders, have inability to communicate and this impacts on their quality of life, education and social relationships. The frustration caused by these would lead to behavioral changes. To favor such people, augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) device is designed which can provide such people an opportunity to express themselves and have effective communication. For people who have disabilities of speaking, augmentative and alternative communication device provides a means of communication. A person who is dependent on augmentative and alternative device can communicate easily about their desires at any time.

Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) Device for People with Communication Disorder

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Deepika T V | Sowjanya M N, Amrutha R

Abstract

Communication involves sharing of one’s desires, thoughts and humors. People suffering from autism, cerebral palsy or with speech disorders, have inability to communicate and this impacts on their quality of life, education and social relationships. The frustration caused by these would lead to behavioral changes. To favor such people, augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) device is designed which can provide such people an opportunity to express themselves and have effective communication. For people who have disabilities of speaking, augmentative and alternative communication device provides a means of communication. A person who is dependent on augmentative and alternative device can communicate easily about their desires at any time.

Automated Analysis of Digital Relay Data Based on Expert System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Bibihajira | Zubair Khan , Mamatha H , Dr.Pradeep B Jyoti , Ms.Malini K V

Abstract

Modern digital protective relays generate variousfiles and reports which contain abundant data regarding fault disturbances and protection system operation. This paper presents an expert system based application for automated analysis of digital relay data. In this application, forward chaining reasoning is used to predict expected protection operation while backward chaining reasoning is employed to validate and diagnosis of actual protection operation. An EMTP/C++ based digital relay model with capability of insertion of user-defined errors and generation of files and reports is developed. The analysis capability of this application is tested using the relay model.

Automatic Crack Detection of Railway Track by using Ultrasonic Waves and GSM System with Mobile Operated Robot

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ritesh P Tank | Aliraza S Merchant , Yash L Rathod , Mehul M Baraiya , Dhiru A Divrania

Abstract

In countries like India, the most widely used and common mode of transport for the peoples is railway transport. We often observe in news that Railway accidents are quite common in now days. It has been seen that approximately 50% of the rail accident cause due to the derailment, and 90% of this accident is cause due to the cracks on the rail track. Those cracks are unnoticed by the Track-man of railway department who walks 16 km/day along with the railway track for the inspection of the track. This method of inspection is quite unreliable. The aim of our research is to automize the process of detecting cracks on a rail track using cellphone operated vehicle to reduce the human effort. This method for the detecting the cracks uses ultrasonic waves, which propagate through rail track and it detect the cracks and defects on the track and hence preventing the rail accident.

Automatic Food Dryer System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ass.Prof. A.B.Kumbhar | Ms.Salunkhe Sneha N. , Ms.Jarag Vinaya V. , Mr.Patil Tejas A. , Mr. Gavandi Omkar S. , Mr. Magdum Sanket B.

Abstract

Automatic food dryer system project is mainly based on the agriculture field. Our country is a agriculture based country 80% people in India engaged with agriculture field. So our project makes the some help in agriculture field. The natural drying process has many drawbacks like a requiring more time, more capital cost and more space is required. In this paper we describes automatic food dryer system in which dried food in one chamber which is made up of metal which is fully microcontroller based. The fresh food or fruit is placed inside the chamber. The air is blown inside the chamber to maintain the humidity. Microprocessor are used to control overall process of drying chamber like the control function of heating, blowing the air, giving time indication and maintain constant temperature throughout the chamber. By using sensor and microcontroller we give full control on the drying process. Automatic food drying system is also useful for the small scale farmer.

Automatic Intelligence Petroling / Serveillance Boat for Navy

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mayur Hulke | 

Abstract

The automatic patrolling boat is an unmanned self-guided drive system.it is equipped with the automated programmed drive system interfaced with directional sensors IR sensors, distance measurement sensors, accelerometer, heat sensing element motion sensors and long distance audio video camera with a 360 degree rotation mounted on it is small in size and capable of tracking any illegal activity near costal area and take necessary actions and send data to control room

Based On GSM Effects of Stand Alones Solar – Wind Power Generation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

B.Meenakshi | S.Anbarasi , G.Indhumathi

Abstract

Hybrid wind-solar power generation is an unpolluted energy. MPPT algorithm is used for hybrid power generation. This MPPT algorithm gives more efficiency of power generation in wind-solar energy, but this MPPT algorithm does not give the constant voltage and current. Because exact sun angle is not located in solar panel. This mechanical model requires high electrical power, which may not be efficient. The proposed system of this paper is using a high frequency charging system (HFCS) and multilevel charging system (BESS). This BESS stands for battery energy storage system in our scheme whatever voltage collect from wind-solar that can be applied whose charging to the battery equivalent to the collected voltage. The HFCS system is applied for high efficiency of voltage from the wind-solar power generator such as switching circuit, relay and polarity controller are used. In this paper we are implementing GSM modem to monitor and control the power generation in wind-solar. The GSM modem is interfaced by using the Embedded microcontroller to monitor the power generation in remote devices. The remote device controls the AC load in power generation.

Brain Machine Interface

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mrs.Apurva Katre | Vinayak Rokade , Shweta Patil , Nayan Karale

Abstract

Last past decade, in India lot of peoples are control all the application by using only hand and legs. but in many developed countries laboratories have start to explore mind machine interface or brain machine interface technology as a radically new communication option for those with neuron muscular impairments that prevent them from using conventional improvement communication method. Brain machine converts neuron activity generated from brain cells into electrical signal. BMI’s provide these users with communication channels that do not depend on peripheral nerves and muscles. Current BMI’s use electroencephalographic (EEG) activity recorded at the scalp or single-unit activity recorded from within cortex to control of speed of ac or dc motor, control on and off condition of bulb, operation of wheelchair. The main element in each bran machine interface is a translation algorithm that converts electrophysiological input from the user into output that controls external devices. Brain machine interface is depends on concentration power and data interface. Current BMI’s have maximum information transfer rates of 5–30 b/min. Achievement of greater output and speed depends on improvements in signal processing, effectively interfacing, translation algorithms, and user concentration and training. This type of human efforts can be reduced by using this brain machine interface. Definition of the Problem In a brain machine interface, by using various brain activities we can control the electrical application. Brain machine interface is the direct communication between the brain and external device. We know our brain is generate voltage and brain activity .we can’t control the external device using the brain voltage but we control the external device using the different brain activity, but first upon this brain activity is converted into the proper signal and after using the signal to control the all external device. This technique is known as brain machine interface. We know the in India lots of people are handicap. They can’t do anything without hand and legs. But they have brain so using brain concentration power controls any electronic and electrical device. Also it use for different field for example industrial, commercial, domestic and educational field.

Bridgeless PFC-Modified SEPIC Rectifier

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Theertha Raj | ]Ms.Eugene Peter, Mrs.Meera Rose Cherian

Abstract

To overcome the problems of power factor, a new single-phase ac dc PFC bridgeless rectifier at low input voltage is introduced. Only two semiconductor switches are used because of the absence of an input bridge rectifier in the proposed rectifier. Hence, the current flowing path during each switching cycle result in less conduction losses compared to the conventional full bridge topology. The proposed topology operates in discontinuous conduction mode (DCM). The DCM operation has advantage of simple control circuitry. The proposed topology is compared with bridged full-bridge SEPIC rectifier in terms of the power factor. MATLAB simulation has been done.

Co-axial Stub Resonator Technique for In-Line Fingerprinting of Fluids

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mrs.D.M.Dharmadhikari | S.N.Helambe

Abstract

The co-axial stub resonator is a transmission line which can be used to detect fluid properties. For different inline process sensing applications, in the field of water quality detection, research has been done to provide an adequate theoretical description of transmission line based measurements This work described here gives details of use of coaxial stub resonator to measure the dielectric properties of fluids. . This radio frequency spectroscopy method is based on coaxial stub technique and comprises quarter wave length open ended resonators filled with a liquid sample as dielectric material between inner and outer conductor. The change in the dielectric properties of the liquid sample results in change resonance frequency and quality factor.

Co-Working of Solar Panel – Battery – Super capacitor for Electric Vehicle

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Vrinda Tibude | Vrinda Tibude

Abstract

This paper presents a highly reliable, extended range power supply for an Electric Vehicle (EV). The power supply consists of solar PV source, a battery and Ultra capacitor (UC). Battery is the main source of power, and is supported by the Ultra capacitor during the transient phase such as starting and braking. Solar PV cell works during the steady- state operation. The net effect of this arrangement is improve travel range, reduced battery size, enhanced battery life and excellent response during the dynamic condition. Improved dynamic performance results in smooth ride, optimal energy utilization and optimal sizing of energy sources. Most of the stand-alone photovoltaic systems require energy storage devices to supply continuous energy to the load when there is insufficient solar irradiation. Typically, Valve Regulated Lead Acid (VRLA) batteries are used for this application. However, providing a large burst of current, such as motor startup, degrades battery plates, resulting in devastation of the battery. An alternative way of supplying large bursts of current is to integrate VRLA batteries and super capacitors to form a hybrid storage system, where the battery can supply continuous energy and the ultra capacitor can supply the instant power to the load.

Comparative Study of Properties Developed In Microwave And Conventional Heating of En-9 Steel.

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Abhijeet AP | Manjit MK , Utkal SP , Sunil SJ , Ravindra IB

Abstract

Present work deals with the comparison of mechanical and metallurgical characteristics developed in EN-9 steel specimens subjected to heating at recrystallization temperature followed by subsequent cooling in oil, water and air. Heating of EN-9 steel specimens is carried out using microwave radiation as well as conventional heating technique. Characterization of post heat treated specimens is carried out using universal testing machine, hardness tester, optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. Microwave heated specimens exhibit better mechanical properties compared to that of conventionally heated specimens. Further, it is observed that recrystallization temperature in microwave heating was achieved in 15 minutes whereas in conventional heating the same was achieved in 136 minutes with higher power consumption. The work establishes the basis for potential of heating bulk materials, which is eco-friendly and significantly fast.

Comparative Study on Different Energy Efficient Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Sayamuddin Ahmed Jilani | Dr. Soumitra Kumar Mandal

Abstract

Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a special type of wireless network, consists of hundreds to thousands low power sensor nodes and one or may be more than one Base Station (BS). Each node is defined with limited energy. Since this is a wireless network that fully depends upon the batteries thus energy efficiency is a key design issue. It is very important to minimize the total energy consumed by the whole system, so that the life span of such network may be maximized. Lots of energy efficiency routing protocols have been proposed to maximize network life time. In this paper, a survey on various types of energy efficient routing protocol is discussed.

COMPARISON OF POWER IN CMOS AND ADIABATIC FULL ADDER CIRCUITS USING 0.18µM TECHNOLOGY PARAMETERS

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Neha Sharan | Mandavi Gahlot

Abstract

This paper presents the design and power comparison of charge-recovering adiabatic full adder circuits and CMOS logic based full adder circuit. The low-voltage Adiabatic Logic circuits have been designed for low-voltage, low-power dissipation and high-frequency operation. A comparative analysis was performed in which logic gates were constructed using adiabatic logic. A layout-based simulation was then performed to verify the operation. Simulation results have shown that the adiabatic logic family is suitable for low voltage operation below 0.18?m CMOS technology. Full adder circuitries are vital mechanisms in applications such as micro processors and microcontrollers. Along with the fundamental addition, full adders are used in performing other useful arithmetic operations such as multiplication, division, subtraction, address calculation, etc. In this paper conservative complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) and adiabatic adder circuits (PFAL, TGAL) are characterized in terms of leakage power, process variations, temperature variations and transistor count using 0.18?m CMOS technology.

Comparitive Study of PV Microinverter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Jijo Balakrishnan | Renjith G , Kannan S A, AbinVinay V U, Praveen Prakash, Rahul Mohan, Anjali A L, Varsha Senan

Abstract

In the present scenario a grid connected PV system plays an important role in the smart grid power control and quality system. A grid connected photovoltaic generation system mainly depends upon the efficiency of DC-AC conversion system. This paper presents a concept of an inverter for grid connected photovoltaic arrays which can synchronies a sinusoidal voltage output with a grid. The microinverter includes SPWM H-bridge inverter and DC-DC converter with controllers. Because of the losses and voltage stress due to active switches and diodes of DC-DC converter will reduce the output voltage gain. A quadrupler is introducing for high output voltage gain for the grid connected PV microinverter. Finally in this paper, comparison between high step-up DC-DC converter and quadrupler with MATLAB simulation results.

Compensation of Utility Current by PV APF and Fuzzy Logic Controller Combination

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Y. Kavya Sree | P.Shahir Ali khan, K.Dileep KumReddy

Abstract

this paper has proposed a novel method for the improvement of power quality (PQ) in a nonlinear system using active power filter (APF). The proposed topic incorporates Photovoltaic (PV) system, MPPT controller, fuzzy controller, dc link capacitor, voltage source converter (VSC) and nonlinear load. The switching gate pulses for the APF are generated by fuzzy logic controller (FLC) technique depending on instantaneous power balance theory. By this technique total harmonic distortion (THD) in the utility current can be minimized within IEEE norms. The advantage of FLC is faster response, better efficiency, no need for accurate mathematical models, capable of dealing with imprecise inputs and managing with non-linearity. In this paper 3- phase 3- wire system under unbalanced and balanced load conditions with APF and FLC is implemented. MATLAB / SIMULINK is used to demonstrate the system and a comparison of THD values at certain load conditions is presented.

Converting Waste Heat from Automobiles to Electrical Energy

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Aravind satheesh | Magnus Philip, Rittomon Thomas

Abstract

The world is facing energy crisis and with our fuel resources coming to end, there need to be ways to use wasted and available forms of energy to produce electricity or utilize them to reduce usage of other power hungry devices. To meet the increasing world demand for energy, the rate of depletion of non-renewable energy sources must be reduced while developing alternative renewable sources. One way to do this is by waste heat recovery. Most of the techniques currently available recover waste heat in the form of thermal energy which is then converted to electricity in a conventional steam power plant. [3] Our main aim is to explore the potential of heat energy across systems, to help in producing the all time need of human life-energy/power and reduce environmental effects of heating from vehicle pollutants, using the less explored concepts of TEG. Today, 70% of produced energy in automobiles is wasted in form of heat by exhaust gases. The paper tries to prove the technical feasibility of conversion of heat energy radiated from automobile engines to produce power equivalent to a 35Amp-hr battery, using thermoelectric generators applying Seebeck principle, discovered in early 19th century. The method is based on basic theoretical concepts, and in practice shows similar results.

Cooling Of Led Bulb by Using Diffrant Array of Fins

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mr. Nitin Namdeo Pawar | Mr. Nitin Namdeo Pawar

Abstract

The demand for high light output LED systems lead to significant heat generation rates, so that higher heat fluxes result in elevated junction temperatures on LED chips in SSL lighting systems. Moreover, the changes on the junction temperature strongly impact the reliability, lifetime, light output and quality of the light. Because of their implicity, reliability, low cost and silent operation, passive air-cooling systems are preferred in LED lamps. Thus, the optimization of the heat sink in an LED system is crucial..A-line LED lamps are investigated and a number of FOMs are proposed based on the performance, size and weight. There for we are studied with various shape of fin array such as Rectangular, Square, Circular, Spine and Plus Sign Shape fin. On comparison, plus sign fin array gives the greatest heat transfer than that of other extensions having the different shape of fin array with same height and base area finned surface .The efficiency of fin with plus sign fin greater as compare to other patter of fin. The temperature of a plus sign fin is minimum i.e. 47.476 0 c

Design & Development Of An Intelligent Prosthetic Hand For Transradial Amputee

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

MayurHulke | Hemantsingh, Yogesh Hood , Surendra Lahare , Mukesh Dahit , Radha Bhoyar

Abstract

Develop a robot arm using common materials. Students will explore design, construction, teamwork, and materials selection and use. So that it can be used to make peoples life better who are limited to thedaily activities because of lost of medical anatomy and so that we can spread the smile and make this world a better place to live.

Design and Development of a New Microcontroller Based Dual Trans former less Single-Stage Current Source Inverter with Energy Management Control Strategy

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Shruthi B | Krupa M

Abstract

A novel dual transformer less single-stage current source inverter has been fed by a two input sources, a battery and a photovoltaic (PV) array which are clean energy sources. An intelligent power management technique focuses on the extraction of maximum power from the PV array and the remaining load that could not be supplied by the PV array due to bad weather conditions will be supplied by the battery. An alternative energy system has been put into the operation during bad weather conditions which reduces strong dependence on weather conditions leads to high reliability system using only clean energy sources. High voltage gain and totally controlled output voltage has been achieved without using the DC-DC converter or transformer either.

Design and Development of NOVEL System for Traffic Congestion

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Saurabh Kumar | Tejal Vernekar, Shivaraj Doddamallappanavar, Sanket Madival, Sourabh Savadatti

Abstract

Traffic congestion occurs when slow moving vehicles congregate, causing increased travel time and fuel consumption. Observation and predictive analysis of historical trends in traffic data will provide opportunities to mitigate the adverse effects of traffic congestion by improving the road infrastructure, subways, and other forms of public transportation. The most important information that can be captured from public transportation systems is origin-destination information.This product and service will be of highest interest to civil and traffic engineers working for (or with) municipal and state transportation departments.The primary objective of this project is to collect origin-destination information from busses, and format it into a useable format for use by the customers.The topics covered in this paper are traffic congestion, proposed solution, competition survey, product analysis.

Design and Implementation of Energy Generation System Using Solar and Vibration on Road

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Hardeep Rajput | Bhau Rakhapasare , Chetan Waghmare

Abstract

The growing demands of human needs have increased the utilization of conventional energy enormously. Consequently environmental issues like global warming, drought, famine etc. and other political issue due to its after effect have risen. Keeping these facts in view this project has been prepared to present an model on how the daily energy requirement can be fulfilled in a more practical, feasible and economical way. Solar energy is the viable source of renewable energy over the last two-three decades. It is now used in variety of fields such as industries, domestic purpose. Solar energy system is designed to collect maximum power from sun and to convert into electrical power. Another form of energy is Vibration energy (mechanical energy) that is generated by vibration or pressure applied on it is converted into electric energy by piezoelectric effect. Piezoelectricity is the electric charge that accumulates in certain solid material such as crystal, certain ceramic and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins in response to applied mechanical stress. The aim of this work is to make power generation more sustainable, economical and ecological by utilizing the advancement in the technology. Environmentally friendly solutions are becoming more prominent than ever as a result of concern regarding the state of our deteriorating planet. This project presents a new system configuration of the stage for a hybrid energy system which uses solar power and vibration. This configuration allows the two sources to supply the load separately or simultaneously depending on the availability of the energy sources. This projects aims to design and construct optimized charging system for hybrid vibration/photovoltaic energy system

Design and Implementation of MPPT Solar Charge Controller using Simulink

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

D.A.Vennila | Devaraj S , M .Mohammed Abreeth , K Pradeeshan , Chandrashekar V

Abstract

The need for renewable energy sources is on the rise because of the acute energy crisis in the world today.Solar energy is a vital renewable resource for the power.In this project, we examine a method to extract maximum obtainable solar power from a Photo Voltaic(PV) module.This project investigates in detail the concept of Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) which significantly increases the efficiency of the solar photovoltaic system by using interleaved buck topology. The MPPT is responsible for extracting the maximum possible power from the photovoltaic and feed it to the battery or load via the interleaved buck converter which steps down the voltage to required magnitude. The main aim will be to track the maximum power point of the photovoltaic module so that the maximum possible power can be extracted from the photovoltaic module. The algorithms utilized for MPPT is Perturb and observe method which is easy to model or use as a code.The interleaved buck converter is controlled through ultra low power MSP430 microcontroller and photovoltaic full bridge driver.

Design and Implementation of PRCC Based Solar Maximum Power Point Tracking System with Wind Energy Generation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Sangeet Gharai | J.Ajay Daniel, A. Nikhil

Abstract

Demand for more energy makes us seek more energy resources. Now a days, solar and wind are the primary sources of renewable energy. But when they are used individually achieving uninterrupted power supply is difficult. Thus, the recent trends are moving towards the use of hybrid sources of energy. But still, the hybrid wind and solar energy model fails to achieve the expected efficiency because of the presence of natural and conversional ripples in the output current. This paper deals with the passive ripple cancellation circuit (PRCC) to reduce the amount of ripples produced in the output power obtained from wind and solar hybrid converters. Some of the special characteristics of the proposed PRCC model comprises of cheap, compact and adaptive structure that doesn't need any extra control and feedback circuit. Thus the ripples in the input current are eliminated by incorporating the proposed model into the main power circuit. Consequently, reduction in filter size is achieved with faster response. In the interim, the instantaneous tracking response is acquired by incorporating the continuous MPPT control with the proposed module integrated converter (MIC).

Design and implementation of wireless control system for unmanned aerial vehicle

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Anjaly K Thankachan | Deepak Thomas, Harikrishnan S.P, Jinu Mary John, Jithin J Mundupalam

Abstract

This paper mainly focuses on designing and implementation of the wireless control system of Unmanned Ariel Vehicle. An Unmanned Aerial Vehicle also known as UAV is an unpiloted aircraft which can either be remotely operated or flown autonomously based on pre-programmed flight plans. Usually these types of vehicles are used in military applications for missions that are too dangerous for manned aircraft. They are also used in a growing number of civil applications such as aerial photography and the trans port of vari ous goods. UAV is built of brushless DC electric motor, driven rotor which is an embedded on-board computer that helps in power distribution system and various sensor units. The hardware platform utilized for the on board computer was a ATmega328p microcontroller with a clock frequency of 16MHz 14 Digital I/O pins 6Analog I/O pins , 32KB of Flash memory, 2KB of RAM with programming done predominately in C++ to express the control commands and overall system.

Design and Study of Compound Parabolic Trough Collector Based Solar Air Cooker for Advanced Heat Interception

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

DiptanuDey | SanjoyDey, ArnabKanti Roy

Abstract

In this paper, we have discussed the design of a solar cooker that uses heated air for contact less cooking using a compound parabolic trough collector. We have modified the existing design of compound parabolic collector using ray tracing method, and redesigned the angular position for better heat collection efficiency. The collected heat will heat up the air present inside the cooking chamber and the sealed airtight mechanism maintains additional pressure inside the chamber to increase the boiling point of fluids present in the foods to be cooked. We have coated an aluminium sheet with carbon nanoparticles prepared from specially processed carbon shoot which ensures excellent heat trapping. The entire model is economic as it is low cost and the adjustable angular placing of the reflectors ensures that it can be used in any latitude or longitude. We have also conducted a comparative study of existing solar cookers and concluded that the new design is 34% more efficient then any other existing solar cooker. Instead of aluminium reflectors, float-glass mirrors have been used to increase the reflection of solar radiation. The cooker is much healthier as it utilises the concept of roasting instead of frying.

Design of a Petrol - HHO Hybrid Fuel System for 110cc, 4-Stroke IC Engine

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Sanjib Das | Diptanu Dey, Bharath Kumar Boyanapalli , Priyanath Das

Abstract

In this paper we have designed a hybrid fuel injection system that uses petrol-HHO mixture instead of pure petrol as fuel in a 3-valve, 4-stroke, 11o cc IC engine. We have designed a 120 cc electrolysis chamber consisting of copper electrodes and tested KOH, NaCl and their mixture for the optimal production of HHO and using taguchi method, we have estimated optimal molarity of KOH and NaCl. We have also used a pwm charge controller to regulate 5 volt 1 amp supply from a 12 volt battery. We have also processed the produced HHO using a silica gel based dryer and designed a safety bubbler to prevent unnecessary injection of HHO in case of blockage. We have measured the amount of produced gas and its calorific value from combustion. We also estimated the enhancement of engine performance by using this assembling. Furthermore we have compared the results by using normal tap water and medical grade distinct water and found that HHO production rate decreases rapidly with time if tap water is used instead of medical grade distinct water.

Design of Fixed Parameter Decentralized Power System Stabilizers for Multi Machine Power Systems

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

M Mahesh Kumar | B Jagadeesh

Abstract

This paper proposes a technique to design fixed parameter decentralized Power System Stabilizers (PSSs) for interconnected power systems. To tune the parameters of a PSS, local information available at each machine in the multi-machine environment is used. Frequency Response estimation called GEP(s) between AVR input and resultant torque is also used, with the knowledge of equivalent external reactance incorporated at generating unit of step-up transformer and infinite bus voltage or their estimated values at each machine. Conventional design techniques like P-Vr frequency response approach and method of residues are based on complete system information. In the proposed method, information available at high voltage bus of step-up transformer is used to set up a modified Heffron – Phillip’s model, thus to decide the structure of PSS compensator and tune its parameters at each machine in a multi-machine environment by the signals available at Generating Station. The efficacy of the proposed stabilizer to damp out inter area and local modes of oscillations effectively over a wide range of operating conditions is evaluated by a wide area system. Simulation studies compare the proposed stabilizer with conventional design.

Design of High Efficient and Adaptive Traffic Control System Using Verilog HDL

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

C.Sai Sindhu | MR. K.Srinivasa Rao

Abstract

Our country is a developing country. For the growth and development of our country economically, each and every individual should work equally and they have to be punctualnot only for people and for the transportation of goods there is a need of efficient traffic controller. Normally we have traffic light controller system which works basically on the fixed time allocated for each road. There is another traffic controller system that works and allocates time to each road based on the density of traffic. This project works based on the second case by including two special features. The first feature is it gives priority to the emergency vehicles to pass first and the second feature is if any person crosses the red signal then camera will capture his or her images. That entire system is developed using Verilog code and software Xilinx 14.3.

Design of Redundant Actuators for TRMS

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Vidya S Rao | Raviraj Maiya U, Rubina Arora

Abstract

A Twin Rotor MIMO System (TRMS) is a dynamic model, which is similar in behaviour with helicopter system with significant cross-coupling. Actuator failure in helicopter system may cause huge risks to life and property. Thus, a redundant system is required. Therefore, there is a need for a system, which can direct the control action to the other analogous system so that damages can be eluded. In this paper, redundant motors are used in parallel with the actual motors to avoid this damage and maintain the system stability.

Design, Fabrication and Testing of Integrated Nano-Scale Vibration-Based Prototype Model of Electromagnetic Generator

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Antonio Dias | Jeevesh Jadhav ,Rachana Chougule,Sangeeta M Raibagi

Abstract

This paper discusses the design, fabrication and testing of electromagnetic nanogenerators. Three different designs of power generators are partially nano-fabricated and assembled. PrototypeA having a wire-wound copper coil, Prototype B, an electrodeposited copper coil both on a deep reactive ion etched (DRIE) silicon beam and paddle. Prototype C uses moving NdFeB magnets in between two nano-fabricated coils. The integrated coil, paddle and beam were fabricated using standard Nano-electromechanical systems (NEMS) processing techniques. For Prototype A, the maximum measured power output was 148nW at 8.08 kHz resonant frequency and 6.8 m/s2 acceleration. For Prototype B, the nano generator gave a maximum load power of 23nW for an acceleration of 9.8 m/s2, at a resonant frequency of 18.83 kHz. This is a substantial improvement in power generated over other nano-fabricated silicon-based generators reported in literature. This generator has a volume of 0.1 cm3 which is lowest of all the silicon-based nano-fabricated electromagnetic power generators reported. To verify the potential of integrated coils in electromagnetic generators, Prototype C was assembled. This generated a maximum load power of 586nW across 110 load at 60 Hz for an acceleration of 8.829 m/s2.

Design, Modelling and Analysis of Two Phase Interleaved Buck DC-DC Converter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Alana M Siddeshwar | Guruswamy K P, S Vasudevamurthy

Abstract

The two phase interleaved buck converter (IBC) for low input voltage (battery or photovoltaic) applications. The interleaved multi-channel converter is very popular these days because of its ability to reduce current ripples. In high power applications, parallel operation of buck converter is recommended. The steady state performance of the interleaved buck converter is investigated by MATLAB/simulation. The IBC is designed for low input voltage application. The modeling and analysis is carried out considering the parasitic elements of all the elements and devices. The IBC is modeled and analyzed using state-space averaging technique and analysis is carried using small signal analysis. The analog PID controller is designed based on the design parameters of the converter and simulated in open loop and closed loop.

Development of Pulse Modulator to conduct LifeTests for Insulation Testing

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

M.Balaji | Joe Francis, C.Praveenkumar

Abstract

The adoption of switching electronic converters for Adjustable Speed Drives (ASDs) can lead to some critical issues during operation. The presence of semiconductor switches like IGBTs and MOSFETs in Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) drives has increased the occurrence of steep fronted voltage surges (

Different Aspects of MAP Turbo Decoding: A Comparative Analysis

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

E. Sujatha | Dr. C. Subhas , Dr. M. N. Giri Prasad

Abstract

Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-A) targets the peak data rates in surplus of 3Gbps for present and next generation wireless communication systems. Turbo coding, the stated channel coding scheme in 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) LTE standard, is an advanced forward error correction coding to achieve higher throughput of advanced wireless communication technologies. To support the peak throughputs, parallel turbo decoding procedure has become a necessity and the corresponding VLSI implementation is extremely challenging task to the design engineers. The higher throughput applications require higher parallelism of turbo decoder design; which results in increased hardware complexity, major source of power consumption and silicon area. This paper addresses the design and implementation aspects of different parallel turbo decoders, which meet peak data rates of 3GPP LTE and LTE-Advanced standards, where throughput, power consumption, silicon area and latency are the most decisive cost factors.

Differential Evaluation based Power flow control by using TCSC and split TCSC

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

M.Manohar | J.Sreenivasulu

Abstract

The power system gets more stressed due to increasing loads and the need to transfer power over long transmission lines increases. The obvious and most effective measure to increase transmission capability is to build a new transmission line. However, this is a time-consuming solution as well as an expensive one. If voltage limits or voltage stability are the determining factors for the transfer capability, additional sources of reactive power can be installed at critical location in order to smoothen the voltage profile and to increase the power flow of transmission line. In literature, transmission line capacity was increased by using Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor (TCSC) and micro tuning of line reactance by implementing split TCSC in place of single TCSC due to large change in TCSC reactance nearby resonance region. Loss sensitivity method is used for optimal placement of single TCSC and split TCSC. In proposed method, Differential Evaluation (DE) Optimization technique is used for placement of TCSC and split TCSC and its mathematical model was also studied. Power flow and power loss variation using TCSC and split TCSC is examined. The IEEE-14 bus system is used as a case study in MATLAB programming software.

Discrete Sliding Mode Controller for Power Converters

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Viji.K | Dr. Anil Kumar

Abstract

In this paper a Discrete Sliding Mode controller (DSMC) for dc-dc buck Converter is presented. The main aim is to get fast response, high efficiency, to improve Robustness. against load and input voltage variations& overcome the chattering problem, so that the overall system is efficient & economical. Results based on MATLAB simulation shows that the DSMC model is a chattering-free control, gives fast. dynamic response and shows robustness to uncertainties.

Distribution System Reconfiguration for Power Loss Reduction under Fault Condition

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Anuradha Garg | Kantilal Joshi

Abstract

In today’s era distribution system complexity is increasing day by day. Due to this the possibility of occurrence of faults has also been increased. DAOP is one of the algorithms to run the load flow by reducing the losses in the network. Reconfiguration algorithm followed by the backtracking is very helpful in finding the best combination of the switches which when closed gives the minimum power loss. The paper describes the same algorithm manually performed on a small distribution network shown in section 2 and the work is verified by using Open DSS software.

Droop Control Forhybrid Micro grids With Wind Energy Source

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Dinesh Kesaboina | K.Vaisakh

Abstract

Microgrids are raising to be reliable source of power generation to integrate with the utility grid. Individual AC microgrids or DC microgrids require many conversions of power at the consumer end for DC loads and AC loads respectively, giving a less efficient system.In this paper, a droop control strategy is proposed for management of powerin islanding mode; which is the most challenging operating mode in a Hybrid micro grid. This paper uses a droop method which has been modifies to work efficiently for a Hybrid Micro grids which requires a bi-directional flow of power through it. Control of Power is handled by the main converter during different operating modes of the hybrid micro grid.

E-Vehicle- Automatic Speed Control Using Android Mobile Application

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

P.Aravind | V.Kishore

Abstract

In the rapidly changing world, the speed has become an important factor in humans’ life .Everyone wants to get fast as much as possible. In the fast speed world, there are two perspectives, one is maintaining the speed and the other is to maintain the safety medium as well.In the smart speed world the technologies plays a major role. Smart phones are the key part of the growing technologies in the globe. Android application is a one which is ruling almost 75% of the crowd .So our objective is to ensure maximum safety to the person who is driving the vehicle and to the people on the road in all parameters through a mobile app. Nowadays accidents rates are increasing linearly causing demise of many people by making modest mistakes while driving in zones like school, college, hospital, market, highways and hill station. This paper is going to be a smart way of controlling the speed of the vehicles in all these zones. A mobile application is being created integrating with google map. The latitude and longitude position of the speed restricting zones like school, college, markets is being stored in the cloud. When the destination place is entered in the goggle map, it actually starts indicating the driver 100m before the speed restricting zone and if the driver doesn’t reduces the speed of the vehicle according to the zone in 50m, the speed of the vehicle is automatically arrested using ARM processor. The next objective of this paper is to slow down the speed of the vehicle in speed breaker. The image of the speed breaker is being stored in the arm processor and there is a camera attached to the car at its top roof. when the image captured by the camera and the image stored in the processor matches , the processor alerts the driver by an alarm caution before 100m and if the driver fails to reduce the speed in 50 m, the speed is reduced by using ARM processor. Further this project can be enhance by fixing a strip sensor at the edge of the doors, such that it senses vehicle movement .When the door is opened and if the sensor senses the movement of vehicle before 5m from the door of the vehicle, door gets locked at that particular angle. i.e., when there is a movement of vehicles, sensor turns on and the door is locked at that particular angle. Implementation of this can avoid accidents in opening the doors.

Earth Quake Prediction Feasible More Efficiently with Fuzzy Preview Control Design

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Srikanth Kavirayani | Gundavarapu V Nagesh Kumar

Abstract

This paper proposes a technique of efficiently determining the impact of earthquake by considering the motion of the dynamics of a three story building. The comparative analysis with existing methods show that the method proposed is a feasible, practical and low cost alternative for possible detection and warning of earthquakes. Typical earthquake transducer is a second order plant which picks up the vibrations. In this paper, an integrated plant mode is proposed which is evolved with time delays taking earth as a dynamic system which passes on information to the plant and detects the impact of the earthquake.

Earth Quake Prediction Feasible More Efficiently with Fuzzy Preview Control Design

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Srikanth Kavirayani | Gundavarapu V Nagesh Kumar

Abstract

This paper proposes a technique of efficiently determining the impact of earthquake by considering the motion of the dynamics of a three story building. The comparative analysis with existing methods show that the method proposed is a feasible, practical and low cost alternative for possible detection and warning of earthquakes. Typical earthquake transducer is a second order plant which picks up the vibrations. In this paper, an integrated plant mode is proposed which is evolved with time delays taking earth as a dynamic system which passes on information to the plant and detects the impact of the earthquake.

EEG Based Focus Estimation for Safety Driving Using Bluetooth

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Sowjanya M N | Amrutha R, Avikumar R, Dr M Shivakumar

Abstract

This paper describes about a robot which is controlled using brainwaves based on Brain–computer interfaces (BCI).To provide direct communication and control between the human brain and physical devices by translating different patterns of brain activity into commands in real time, a brain computer interface system can be used which can bypass conventional channels of communication. A mobile robot can be controlled using these commands. The current work deals with development of a robot that can determine driver’s focus and drowsiness which can in turn reduce the speed of the vehicle before a mishap happens.

Emergency Assisting Autonomous Robot Using GPS

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Edwina G Rodrigues | 

Abstract

Robotics is the branch of engineering that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. This project aims to develop an autonomous intelligent robot which could assist humans in rescue operations during times of fire hazards. It is a fully autonomous robot which does not need any human interventions. The model is basically a 4 wheeled robotic vehicle. The robot uses global positioning system (GPS) and an array of sensors for navigation. This robot can be implemented in industries or big institutions to automatically extinguish accidental fires.

Enclosure Phenomena in Confined Natural Convection

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ribhu Bhatiaa | Vinayak Malhotraa

Abstract

through proper experimentation, the role of an external enclosure on confined natural convective heat transfer on a square flat plate is explored. The effect and the extent of effect of different external enclosure on heat transfer rates is investigated. The phenomenon is articulated in terms of deviations in convective heat transfer coefficient. The role of controlling parameters viz., plate orientation, surface roughness, enclosure distance, type of enclosure and enclosures in distinct configurations is probed and optimized for wide-ranging applications. To simplify the heated surface orientation and related heat transfer analysis, a novel zonal system with respect to the surface orientation is proposed. Results indicate that enclosures significantly affect the transportation of heat from source under varying conditions. Flow behavior with the respective variations is understood to play formidable role in energy transference. Smoother surfaces are useful in conservation of heat and with increasing surface orientation become more effective in transfer of heat

Endurance the MAT lab Controlled Surveillance Robot

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Milan Krishna K | Rahul Gopan, Kiran Joseph, Seemily Mathew

Abstract

This paper deals with the design and implementation of a multi-purpose wireless surveillance robot which is operated with the help of Graphical User Interface (GUI) of MATLAB. Surveillance robots find many applications in a variety of fields such as military surveillance, fault detection in large pipelines like penstock pipes and surveillance of areas hostile to humans, like areas vulnerable to nuclear radiations. The robot uses Open Source Arduino microcontroller for the control of various dynamic parts of the machine. It is one of the latest and simplest microcontrollers for development of robotic projects. The mobility is imparted to the machine via geared DC motors which are driven by motor controllers. The night vision camera which is made dynamic with the help of controlled servomotors enables the users to get a detailed view of the area in which the robot is sent. The air quality sensor in the robot enables us to detect whether the environment is feasible to humans. Wireless operation is made possible with the help of ZigBee pair, programmed with AT commands which can give a range up to 300m. The mechanical design is also tuned by imparting belt driven wheels which provides a wide area of contact for greater grip and angle of ascend. Humidity and temperature sensors provide an exact idea about the surroundings being observed. The MATLAB interface will provide greater flexibility to the system and thus makes it easier to install for a handful of operations. It is sure that the paper will prove to be a breakthrough in surveillance vehicles and thereby a great scope of future development due to the flexibility of the system.

Energy Audit and Remedies

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mr. P.S. Magdum | Mr. Shivaji Bharat Survase, Mr.Suraj Dadaso Patil

Abstract

In this paper, we have conducted a brief study of present assessment of AC system in Shri. Hanuman Gramin Bigar Sheti Sahakari Patsanstha Ltd. Nagaon, by carrying out detailed energy audit in Shri. Hanuman Gramin Bigar Sheti Sahakari Patsanstha Ltd. Nagaon premises systematic methodology specified as per Bureau of Energy efficiency (BEE). By conducting an investigation of the energy consumption, the energy audit focuses mainly on the equipment consumption, especial on airconditioning system, electronically equipment, lighting system, and elevators, etc. On the other hand proper handling of AC system for improving better performance of AC can also result in saving of energy. Thereby our objective is to achieve energy conservation through rearranging and replacing earlier AC system by some new efficient one. Energy is one of the major inputs for the economic development of any country. In the case of the developing countries, the energy sector assumes a critical importance in view of the ever increasing energy needs requiring huge investments to meet them. For reducing cost and increasing efficiency, then use energy conservation, management and audit. The objective of Energy Management is to achieve and maintain optimum energy procurement and utilization, throughout the organization as to minimize energy costs / waste without affecting production and quality. Energy Audit is the key to a systematic approach for decision making in the area of energy management. It attempts to balance the total energy inputs with its use, and serves to identify all the energy streams in a facility.

Energy Auditing of Campus: A Case Study

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Kurian Joseph | Linda Wilfred, Ribin Raj, Sruthisree O Menon

Abstract

This paper is an overview of a energy conservation measures that can be recommended for a college campus. Energy audit is to identify and minimize the wastage of energy and to optimize its use. It is an inspection, survey and analysis of energy flow for energy conservation in an institute, to optimize the use of energy input in the system. Energy auditing has been conducted at college to estimate the daily, monthly and annual energy consumption. This paper presents such energy saving methods in a methodological approach, experienced during a detailed energy audit of a college campus in Kerala. The energy consumption and savings assessed in term of equipments used and functional areas occupied. The main aim of this paper is to offer a documentary evidence for this high potential of energy saving in campus.

Enhancement of Droop Characteristics with Synchronous Power Controller for Renewable Power Generation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

O. Hemakesavulu | Dr. M. Padmalalitha , V. Vidyavani

Abstract

The increasing amount of renewable power generation systems is a challenging issue for the control and operation of the electrical networks. One of the main issues is their lack of inertia, which is becoming a greater problem as much as the share of the power plants based on traditional synchronous generators gets reduced. In this regard, the new grid codes ask these plants to provide new functionalities such as the frequency support and inertia emulation. In this project, a synchronous power controller for grid-connected converters is proposed as a good solution for the renewable generation systems. It provides inertia, damping, and flexible droop characteristics. Different from the faithful replication of the swing equation of synchronous machines, an alternative control structure is proposed, by which the damping and inherent droop slope can be configured independently to meet the requirements in both dynamics and frequency regulations. Simulation results are obtained using MATLAB/Simulink shows the performance of the proposed control strategy.

Enhancement of Power Quality by Using D-Statcom

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mr. S.S.Godhade | Miss.Archana Chavan , Miss.Supriya Patsupe, Mr.Swapnil Gaikwad , Mr.Shivpratap Patil , Mr.Amanulla Naikwade

Abstract

There are different ways to improve power quality problems in electrical power system. Among these the D-STATCOM is one of the most effective devices. A pulse width modulation scheme has been implemented to control the gates circuit of the DSTATCOM Controller. To improve the quality of power, active power filters have been proposed. The distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM) is a shunt active filter, which injects currents into the point of common coupling (PCC) (the common point where load, source, and DSTATCOM are connected) such that the harmonic filtering, power factor correction, and load balancing can be achieved. The DSTATCOM filters load current such that it meets the specifications for utility connection.

Enhancement of Power Quality by Using DStatcom

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 31st May 2017

Mr. S.S.Godhade | Mr.Amanulla Naikwade ,Miss.Archana Chavan, Mr.Swapnil Gaikwad Drives , Miss.Supriya Patsupe, Mr.Shivpratap Patil

Abstract

there are different ways to improve power quality problems in electrical power system. Among these the D-STATCOM is one of the most effective devices. A pulse width modulation scheme has been implemented to control the gates circuit of the DSTATCOM Controller. To improve the quality of power, active power filters have been proposed. The distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM) is a shunt active filter, which injects currents into the point of common coupling (PCC) (the common point where load, source, and DSTATCOM are connected) such that the harmonic filtering, power factor correction, and load balancing can be achieved. The DSTATCOM filters load current such that it meets the specifications for utility connection

Evaluation of Available Transfer Capability using SVC and TCSC

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

M Venkateswara Rao | Sirigiri Sivanagaraju

Abstract

The world aims at creating a competitive market to trade electricity, which generates a host of new technical challenges for market participants and power system researchers. Efficient capacity expansion planning, cost minimization, more choice and better services are possible in deregulated markets. One of the major challenges for power system operators to accurately estimate the transfer capability beyond the committed usage. In order to evaluate the ATC, the FACTS devices i.e. SVC and TCSC is used and it is observed that, the series device TCSC is giving a promising strategy than SVC. The proposed methodology is tested on IEEE-30 bus system.

Exact Fault Location of Underground Cable

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prof. Patil U.T. | Avadhut Sapna D. , Bhagat Shweta A. , Khot Pooja D. , Shinde Nupur S

Abstract

Underground cables are been widely used and put into practice due to its longer life expectancy and are less susceptible to the impacts of severe weather. An exact identification of faulty system is important to minimize the disturbance time during fault. An accurate fault location plays vital role in speeding up the system restoration; reduce economical loss and has high efficiency that helps to increase the performance of the system. This paper prefers to fault location method in commercial system. The system consists of transmitter and receiver sections. The transmitter unit consists of transformer with timer circuit for injecting a series of high voltage pulse stream. The effect of noise caused by arcing voltage is received by a receiver which helps in exact location of cable fault.

Experimental study of Thyristor Switched Series Capacitor (TSSC)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ms. Nayana G. Hinge | Prof. Shradha Umathe

Abstract

An Experimental Model is Available in FACTS Laboratory in Department. The Experimental Model Consist of Variable Impedance Type FACTS Devices. The General Types of Variable Impedance type FACTS Devices are TSC, TCR, GCSC, TSSC. The Main Objective of this Project is to study the Variable Impedance Type FACTS Device i.e. TSSC theoretically and obtained the different types of Operational and Control Characteristics of the Same Variable Impedance Type FACTS Device. MATLAB or Other Appropriate Software will be used in this Project to Support the Findings.

Extraction of Maximum Power from Series Connected PV Modules by using DPP Architecture

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

B.Venkata Rao | S.Rubeen Sana, G.Ravi kumar, A.S.R.Sekhar

Abstract

In series connected Photo Voltaic (PV) modules (string), there is a higher possibility of mismatch of currents among modules during partial shading conditions. In order to overcome this problem various DMPPT (Distributed Maximum Power Point Tracking) architectures are studied and PV to Virtual bus DPP (Differential Power Processing) architecture is considered in this paper. The proposed technique is used for the extraction of maximum power from series connected modules under shading conditions. The MPP (Maximum Power Point) voltage values of all modules are obtained by using Resonant MPPT method. These MPP voltage values are given as reference voltages to the Bi-directional fly-back DC-DC converters, which are placed in parallel to each PV module. These converters are used for operating each module at their MPP by providing required compensation currents to the shaded modules in PV to Virtual bus architecture.

Eye Gesture Controlled Wheel Chair

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Tejaswini | Narendra Kumar

Abstract

Eye gesture controlled wheelchair is an attempt to make the lives of people simpler, who are suffering from physical disorder. It an initiative to make their livelihood self-reliant, which will thereby reinstate their confidence and their happiness. The eye monitored system controls the movement of the patient’s wheelchair depending on the eye movement. The device supports a patient sitting on the Wheel Chair assembly looking directly at the camera and can be able to move in the desired path just by looking in that specified direction. The camera signals are monitored by a MATLAB script, which will then guide the motors wired to the Microcontroller over the ZIGBEE to move in a particular direction. The system is cost effective and thus can be used by patients spread over a large economy range. The features provided are sufficiently affordable for middle class people and ultimately has been a contribution to the society.

Feasibility studies of Three ModeControl for the Control of Cardinal angles of Autonomous Fixed Wing Aircraft

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Jayanth Bhargav | Gautham R Reddy

Abstract

Three mode control has been traditionally used since its inception for simple and accurate control of single parameters in simple linear or piecewise linearizable systems. Aircraft cardinal angle control usually is done with more robust controllers due to the complexities and non linearities involved in their construction. But if an SISO equivalent transfer function can be derived, one can test the feasibility of PID. This paper compares the performance of traditional three mode controllers in in-loop and in-feedback configurations in order to understand the feasibility of such frameworks for autonomous flight.

Ferranti Effect Compensation using TCR with PI Controller

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Swati Maruti Wandare | Shubhangi Laxman Patankar , Shital Ashok Shivasharan

Abstract

Applications of FACTS devices for line flow controls, active and reactive power flow controls, loss component control, flexibility in operation & control. To reduce this power quality problems of distribution system, there are no. of power quality solutions techniques by using FACTS controllers, by use of new available power electronics devices. There are no. of factors affect the over voltage. This is effect, which is the voltage value at receiving end of lines is greater than giving point. This occurs because of capacitance charging current resulting over voltage increase with respect to the increase line length. The project is design to implement FACTS with TCR (Thyristor Controlled Reactance).This method is used if low load is there or no load. Because of this, very low flow o current through line and shunt capacitance become dominant. This causes Ferranti Effect, that means receiving end voltage value may be becomes greater than sending voltage (generally for very long transmission lines). To reduce that effect, inductors are automatically connected across line.

Fuzzy Based PFC Buck Half-Bridge Converter for Voltage Controlled Adjustable Speed PMBLDC Motor

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

P Nandhini | Muni Sekhar Sadu

Abstract

This paper deals with the method used to improve the speed quality and the efficiency of BLDC motor drive by implementing fuzzy based controller with power factor modification technique. A Buck Half-Bridge DC -DC converter is used as a single-stage power-factor-correction converter for a permanent magnet brushless dc motor (PMBLDCM) fed all the way through diode bridge rectifier from a single-phase ac mains. This reduced the power quality problems and improve the power factor at input ac mains. A three-phase voltage-source inverter is used as an electronic commutator which switches the PMBLDCM drive. The concept of voltage control at the dc link comparative to the desired speed of the PMBLDCM is used to control the speed of the compressor. The stator current of the PMBLDCM during step change of the reference speed is controlled within the specified limits by an addition of a rate limiter in the reference DC link voltage. The proposed power factor converter topology is designed, modeled and its performance is evaluated in Matlab-Simulink environment for an air conditioner driven through a PMBLDC motor. The results illustrate an improved power quality and good power factor in wide speed range of the drive.

Fuzzy Logic Based Harmonic Minimization In Cascaded Multilevel Inverter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

V.R.Velmurugan | Dr.R.Jeyabharath

Abstract

There are numerous constraints in removing power from renewable vitality assets. To minimize the power shortage and to fulfill the power demand, power removing strategies must be progressed. Multilevel inverter is utilized to concentrate power from solar cells. The Cascaded H-Bridge (CHB) converter is one of the prominent sorts of Multi Level Inverter (MLI) as a result of its particular structure and high quantities of repetitive switching states. Harmonics in multilevel are because of shameful determination of switching angles to the entryways of the inverter switches. Nearness of harmonics prompts unintentional stumbling of transfers and inaccurate estimation of voltage and current by transformers. The proposed work manages particular selective harmonic elimination using fuzzy logic control to generate switching angle for the eleven levels cascaded h bridge controlled by five variable dc sources. The modulating switching angles are upgraded at every cycle of the yield crucial voltage. Results are checked utilizing MATLAB/SIMULINK environment.

Fuzzy Steps Based on Control Systems

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Soumya H.V | Sharanamma H , Patil Somanatha Gouda , U.Basavana Gouda , Dr. Pradeep B Jyoti

Abstract

The concept of fuzzy logic is based near the human thinking and natural activities. It presents predicates which are present in nature and similar to those either big or small. This theory mimics human psychology as to how a person makes the decision faster. Fuzzy logic is a superset of conventional (Boolean) logic that has been extended to handle the concept of partial truth values between "completely true" and "completely false”. It can be implemented in hardware, software, or a combination of both. It can be built into anything from small, hand held products to large computerized process control systems. In the present competitive scenario the fuzzy logic system are being adopted by the automotive manufacturers for the improvement of quality and reduction of development time and the cost as well. Fuzzy logic was conceived as a better method for sorting and handling data but has proven to be an excellent choice for many control system applications.

Generation of Electricity by Piezoelectric Transducer and Vibration Control

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Nishantshrimal | Sakshishrimal , Vikankshasrimal

Abstract

With the increase in energy consumption of the portable electronic devices, the concept of harvesting alternative renewable energy in human surroundings arise a new interest among us. In this paper we try to develop a piezoelectric transducer that can produce energy from vibration and pressure available on some other term (like walking).Piezoelectricity refers to the ability of some materials to generate an electric potential in response to applied pressure. In this paper we also introduce the new opportunities for control of vibration and damping in flexible structures which are generated due to acceleration cause by pressure. We focused on vibration and noise because they can short the life of any electrical and electronic equipment . In particular the paper present an overview of literature on piezoelectric transducer to generate energy and controlling the vibration and noise produced by discussing recent observation on feedback nature of piezoelectric shock sensor and damping system.

Generation of Electricity by Stirling Engine from Sunlight’s Heat

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Nabeel Habeeb | Athul Thomas , Jimmy George, Jibin P Joy , Jerry T. Kurian, Mr Sreenadh B

Abstract

The Solar energy is a green and cheap resources available to us. But its use is not deployed to the maximum. In another perspective, it is only confined to photovoltaic generation systems. This paper explains about a Stirling engine run by sunlight’s heat. Hence when an alternator is coupled to this engine electricity is generated. A Stirling engine is basically a heat engine that operates by cyclic compression and expansion of air or other gases, the working fluid, at different levels such that there is a net change in heat transfer which will produce the mechanical work. Stirling engine uses only two pistons for operation. The heat energy from sun is concentrated by a computer controlled dish collector which uses a mirror or Fresnel lens. This Stirling engine is coupled with a generator to produce electricity. The generator used here is a linear alternator. Linear alternators contain less moving parts. Provision for storing sunlight’s heat is implemented when it is not available is by using salt storage system. Another alternative for providing heat when sunlight is not available is by heating up the household or domestic wastes. It has the ability to use any burnable fuel like wood, straw, agricultural wastes other cheap and readily available combustibles. The reason behind this is that Stirling engine is sensitive to heat energy. Stirling engine has high efficiency (40%). Also it is noted for its quiet operation and less maintenance. It is important to switch to non-conventional energy resources as there is price hike and scarcity of conventional source. Sunlight powered Stirling engine generator has the capability of becoming an non-conventional energy generation.

Generation of Electricity by Stirling Engine from Sunlight’s Heat

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Nabeel Habeeb | Athul Thomas , Jimmy George , Jibin P Joy , Jerry T. Kurian , Mr Sreenadh B

Abstract

The Solar energy is a green and cheap resources available to us. But its use is not deployed to the maximum. In another perspective, it is only confined to photovoltaic generation systems. This paper explains about a Stirling engine run by sunlight’s heat. Hence when an alternator is coupled to this engine electricity is generated. A Stirling engine is basically a heat engine that operates by cyclic compression and expansion of air or other gases, the working fluid, at different levels such that there is a net change in heat transfer which will produce the mechanical work. Stirling engine uses only two pistons for operation. The heat energy from sun is concentrated by a computer controlled dish collector which uses a mirror or Fresnel lens. This Stirling engine is coupled with a generator to produce electricity. The generator used here is a linear alternator. Linear alternators contain less moving parts. Provision for storing sunlight’s heat is implemented when it is not available is by using salt storage system. Another alternative for providing heat when sunlight is not available is by heating up the household or domestic wastes. It has the ability to use any burnable fuel like wood, straw, agricultural wastes other cheap and readily available combustibles. The reason behind this is that Stirling engine is sensitive to heat energy. Stirling engine has high efficiency (40%). Also it is noted for its quiet operation and less maintenance. It is important to switch to non-conventional energy resources as there is price hike and scarcity of conventional source. Sunlight powered Stirling engine generator has the capability of becoming an non-conventional energy generation.

Geothermal Energy in Secondary Pressure Drainers (A concept)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Gowtham.S | Manas M Bhat

Abstract

geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the earth. The geothermal energy of the earth's crust originates from the original formation of the planet. Geothermal power is cost-effective, reliable, renewable, and environment friendly. Geothermal power does not involve fuels. Hence, in terms of fuel cost fluctuations it is quite beneficial. However high costs are involved in setting up the plant. A geothermal heat pump can extract enough heat from shallow ground anywhere in the world to provide home heating, but industrial applications need the higher temperatures of deep resources. The thermal efficiency and profitability of electricity generation is particularly sensitive to temperature. A secondary pressure drainer is a device which collects a liquid and by alternately pressurizing and depressurizing it through a valve arrangement, discharges it by using gas pressure as the operating source. A suitable mechanism with valves and sensors are used to collect and discharge the liquid. Secondary pressure drainers are mainly used for collection and discharge of steam condensate. Initially, a pipeline is inserted into the earth’s crust at a predetermined site suitable for geothermal plant. Cold water is passed through this pipeline and as a result of the heat present inside the earth, the water is converted into high pressure and high temperature steam. The pipeline is further connected to the inlet of a secondary pressure drainer, where the steam coming from the geothermal plant is the motive fluid. Inside the pressure drainer, the high temperature, high pressure steam when combined with the low pressure steam, from the extracted surface is directed to the condenser and as a result, the resultant outward flow is converted into a medium pressure steam. The major advantage with this system is older systems of secondary pressure drainers involves heating up the motive fluid by conventional energy sources but our design uses renewable sources of energy which are reliable and sustainable.

Greenhouse Monitoring Using Advance Sensors and Biogenetic Technology

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mayur Hulke | 

Abstract

Agriculture in India is faced with many dare such as more production of food on fewer acres to keeping to outdated farming technologies. We can make rely farming on sensor technology. Sensor network has elaborated advantages in greenhouse environment. The technology shows that the network stability is good, the data is consistent with real conditional environment, and thus sensor technology can meet the requirements in the applications.

Grid Connected Doubly Fed Induction Generator for Wind Power Applications

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Athira C | T Valsalan

Abstract

This paper describes about grid connected doubly fed induction generator that can be used for wind power applications. The sources of most of our power, natural gas and coal, produce large quantities of greenhouse gases, but wind energy is pollution free and negligible greenhouse Gases. Among all the available technologies for wind energy conversion systems (WECS), the doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) is most acceptable one, because it has got advantages like efficient power capture due to the variable speed operation, improved system efficiency and, most importantly, reduced converter rating. The main problem which is found in wind energy conversion system (WECS) is the power fluctuations in the grid due to varying nature and uncertainty of wind speed. For reducing these power fluctuations a topology of doubly fed induction generator with battery energy storage system has explained in this paper. The system mainly consist of a doubly fed induction generator, rotor side converter and a grid side converter. Control of these converters is done for controlling the power in the grid constant irrespective of the wind speed. To verify the validity of the discussed system for wind power applications Matlab/Simulink Software is applied and the results are discussed in this paper.

Grid Independent Power Quality Improvement Technique using Dynamic Voltage Restorer and Ultracapacitor with Fuzzy Logic Control

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

VundigalaVenkata Sai Ramya | K. Ravi Sankar

Abstract

The reduction of the prices of the storage technologies and development of Smart grid made their integration into the grid easy. Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) along with the energy storage is ideal for compensating the voltage abnormalities i.e., Sags and Swells. Ultracapacitor (UCAP) has high power density and low energy density which is essential for compensation of the voltage fluctuations like Sags and Swells as both these need large power for small amount of time. The rechargeable UCAP integration with DVR is theunique contribution of this paper. With this arrangement the UCAP-DVR system shall be independent of the grid, for compensations during the voltage disturbances, unlike the systems in the past. UCAP is connected into the dc-link of DVR with the help of a Bi-directional dc-dc converter, which retains a stiff dc-link. This whole arrangement can help us in compensating the voltage fluctuations lasting from 3s to 1 min. The Fuzzy Logic Controller is used in the system for smoother operation and less distortion of the output wave. The overall design and simulation models are discussed and developed in detail.

Harmonics Analysis of High Power PWM Convertors Connected To Grid Using Sequential Sampling State Vector Modulation Method in SS Model

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Rajesh Maharudra Patil | Dr. M S Nagaraj, Dr. P S Venkataramu

Abstract

In this research paper, the design & development of a high power PWM convertor (12-pulse & 24-pulse convertors connected to the grid) is considered using the SVM method, which is used to reduce the harmonic contents in the supply waveforms. Simulations are performed in the Matlab-Simulink environment & the simulation results are obtained. The results shows the efficacy of the method developed for harmonic suppression.

Heterogeneous Wireless System Testbed for Remote Image Processing in Automated Vehicles

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Archana B M | Vinod K , Sharana Basava G ,Naga Deepika

Abstract

Automated vehicles will convey registering and communication stages, and will have upgraded detecting capabilities. Wellbeing around individuals alongside deterrent location and shirking frameworks are vital to their prosperity. In controlled situations, robotized vehicles can profit by a remote preparing way to deal with decrease cost and quicken sending on bigger scales. In this paper we display a segment of our astute transport frameworks test bed which assesses the remote picture handling approach with a novel heterogeneous remote correspondence framework. Equipment usage is completed for a trial assessment and correlation with the reenactment comes about.

High Efficiency Interleaved DC-DC Converter for PV Applications

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Bindu S J | Edwina G Rodrigues , Kannan S A , Renjith G , Ajmal Khan N , Abhijith A , Vishnu G , Chaithra G S , Krishna Priya D

Abstract

Interleaved Boost converters (IBC) serve a number of applications, which require a boost in the output voltage such as the distributed generators (DG´S), high voltage battery chargers etc. This paper brings out the design and simulation of a high efficiency two-phase interleaved DC-DC converter with an efficient MPPT controller. The configuration of interleaved boost converters comprises parallel combination of a number of boost converters with phase shifted PWM signals. The advantages of interleaved boost converters compared to conventional boost converters are reduction in output ripple voltage, ripple current and high efficiency. The current ratings of switching devices are considerably reduced due to the high frequency operation, which in turn helps in the reduction of overall cost. The performance parameters of the proposed interleaved boost converter are analyzed by MATLAB simulation.

High Frequency Boost Converter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Likhitha R | Mr. Naveenkumar , Mr. Gummadi Srikanth

Abstract

Converter based on two switching cells is proposed .These switching cells are connected in parallel so the average current flowing through the switch is reduced by the duty cycle. The different relevant characteristics of the proposed circuit are, the controlled switches having drop voltage across them is low, that permits the use of lower drain-to-source conductivity resistances (RDSon) MOSFETs, and magnetic components size is reduced due to the high operating frequency. Hence the scale and volume of the converter is reduced. Due this approach, the efficiency of the projected device is high, and it is suggested for the space application. This device is analysed for the load from 16.66% to full load operative in continuous conduction mode (CCM) and with maximum duty cycle of 48%. So as to verify the practicability of this topology; operation of the device, theoretical examination, and exploratory waveforms are shown for a 300W assembled prototype.

High Polluting Vehicles Detection System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Zeba | Banda Kishore,Prakash,Varnashree , Satish B A

Abstract

Pollution has been one of the major concerns of a lot of countries across the globe. With the rapib urbanization and decreasing green cover, it has become very important to continously monitor the air quality and keep pollution below the prescribed limits. Though the goverments have set norms at for every vehicle pollution level, it becomes very difficult to keep a check on the vechile emissions in develping countries like India where the vehicle density is very high and not all owners are aware or take the effort to keep a check on the pollution caused by their vehicles. The paper presents a solution which can be implemented on strategic locations on the road to identify the vehicle which are emitting pollutants above the prescribed limits and allow the authorities to imitate necessary actions against such vehicles.

High Power Interleaved Flyback Inverter for PV Applications

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Viji Chandran | Bindu S.J , Kannan S.J , Renjith G , Jeby Roy , Bilha Mathew , Greeshma.G , Mithila R.S , Veena P.M

Abstract

The impact of solar power is one of the thriving concerns in the world today. The proper utilization of solar energy in modern life style opens a wide path to new technologies. This paper deals with simulation and analysis, design, of an isolated gridconnected inverter for photovoltaic (PV) applications. The system uses an interleaved flyback converter followed by a single phase inverter. Flyback topology works in discontinuous current (DCM) mode of operation .The aim of this paper is to monitor PV module effectively and operate flyback converter at high power with good performance which is difficult to implement. The interleaved inverter system rated at 1kw gives an added benefit of reduced size of passive filtering element and reduces the overall cost. A simulation model of the proposed inverter system is developed and the design is verified for good performance based on the simulation results. Maximum power tracking of the solar energy is facilitated through maximum power point tracking (MPPT) for each PV panel with reduced maintenance cost and time.

Human Emotion Recognition System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Akhil Sabu Varughese | Ganesh Chandran, Nithin Mathew, Seles Luiz

Abstract

The facial recognition method for identifying the human emotions was developed and used now a days. This method is not reliable, it has many flaws. One of the flaws is that fake emotions will be detected by the signal processor. The recognition system we are introducing manipulates facial emotions and body vitals. The fake emotions can be identified from the body vitals like pulse and body temperature. In this project we are using combination of ECG and Temperature sensor to identify human emotions. Combination o f t h e s e sensors and Open CV (open source platform for image processing) helps to identify the proper emotions of the person. The proper emotions is primarily identified and stored in databases. These databases are developed from EEG analysis from music therapy.

Human Identification Based On Iris Recognition Using Support Vector Machines

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Lalitha. K | Deepika T V, Sowjanya M N, Stafford Michahial

Abstract

Biometric identification is automated recognition of individuals based on their physiological and behavioral characteristics. The iris which have very unique features such as crypts, furrows etc.Iris recognition systems make use of the uniqueness of the iris patterns to derive an unique mapping where it becomes possible to apply some matching algorithms to identify a person. Here we implement iris recognition technique based on SVM (support vector machine) classifier to recognize the static image with the database images to use this application in security purpose.

Human Skin as an Input Surface

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 23rd June 2017

Tarun K.Dalakoti | Shahrul, Addit anwar

Abstract

In this paper, an attempt has been made to utilize the natural acoustic and mechanical wave conduction property of human skin along with simple technological tools to achieve high accuracy for classification of taps done onto the skin so, that it may be use in future to create interactive interface technologies. Previous work in this field employed very expensive and sophisticated vibration detection approach which was not preferable for layman use both due to its physical size and cost. We in this paper try to re duce both these important parameters by employing accelerometers instead of vibration sensors.

HVDC VS Facts Transmission

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

R.G. Lokkesh | R. Harihara Subramanian

Abstract

This paper deals with the recent technologies introduced in both HVDC and facts. It also includes information about the technical challenges faced during and after the setting up of HVDC and facts technologies. This gives idea about both practical and theoretical knowledge of both technologies. It also compares between various facts technologies separately and compares between variousHVDC technologies, so that the clear point of view on each technologies is gained. at the end of paper the rough summary and the best of two is given.

Hybrid Electrical Vehicle (HEV)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

V.Siva prakash | S.Sabarinathan , P.Vignesh , P Saravanan

Abstract

In 1901 FERDINAND PORSCHE developed the LOHNER- PORSCHE, the first gasoline- electric hybrid automobile in the world In 1990 BMW developed the 5- SERIES (E34),but it is not widely available In 1997,Japan after the release of TOYOTO PRIUS, the HEV become wide popular

Hybrid Solar-Wind Power Generation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prof. P.D.More | Mr. Pramod Krushnat Thorat , Mr.Ajim Irfan Momin , Ms.Pallavi L.Dhumal , Mr.Nikhil S.Patil , Mr.Nilesh L.Mahajan

Abstract

The Conventional energy sources are vanishing day by day and also the electricity demand also increasing at alarming rate. This has led for the generation of electricity from non-conventional energy sources which will help out for fulfilling the demand of electricity with advantages like no-pollution, free of cost etc. So, wind- solar hybrid system using PMAC will be a step towards this future. By using hybrid system we can increase the efficiency of system. In this paper we mostly concentrate on wind power generation. The aim of this project is to provide electricity in rural areas where people are still not supplied with electricity and can’t afford to pay high electricity bills where it has reached. Our project will help them to illuminate their lives.

Hybrid Solar-Wind Power Generation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prof. P.D.More | Mr. Pramod Krushnat Thorat , Mr.Ajim Irfan Momin , Ms.Pallavi L.Dhumal , Mr.Nikhil S.Patil , Mr.Nilesh L.Mahajan

Abstract

The Conventional energy sources are vanishing day by day and also the electricity demand also increasing at alarming rate. This has led for the generation of electricity from non-conventional energy sources which will help out for fulfilling the demand of electricity with advantages like no-pollution, free of cost etc. So, wind- solar hybrid system using PMAC will be a step towards this future. By using hybrid system we can increase the efficiency of system. In this paper we mostly concentrate on wind power generation. The aim of this project is to provide electricity in rural areas where people are still not supplied with electricity and can’t afford to pay high electricity bills where it has reached. Our project will help them to illuminate their lives.

Identification of Human Facial Expression Signal Classification Using Spatial Temporal Algorithm

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mahanthesh U | Dr. H S Mohana

Abstract

In the vision of computer Human Action Recognition (HAR) plays a significant role in the research area. The aim of the project is to recognize the Human Facial Expression like happiness, anger, fear, disgust, surprise and sadness from the input video sequence having homogeneous background. Here the pre loaded video sequence of the human facial expression is given as the input to the MATLAB software to obtain the desired output. This project can be implemented using High Configuration MATLAB simulation software.

Identification of Human Facial Expression Signal Classification Using Spatial Temporal Algorithm

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mahanthesh U | Dr. H S Mohana

Abstract

In the vision of computer Human Action Recognition (HAR) plays a significant role in the research area. The aim of the project is to recognize the Human Facial Expression like happiness, anger, fear, disgust, surprise and sadness from the input video sequence having homogeneous background. Here the pre loaded video sequence of the human facial expression is given as the input to the MATLAB software to obtain the desired output. This project can be implemented using High Configuration MATLAB simulation software.

Implementation of Individual Pitch Control of DFIG Based Variable Speed wind turbines Using Fuzzy Logic for Reduction Flickers

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

V.Aruna | B.Narasimha Reddy

Abstract

Due to the wind speed variation, wind shear and towershadow effects, grid connected wind turbines are the sources of power fluctuations which may produce flicker during continuous operation. This paper presents a model of an MW-level variablespeed wind turbine with a doubly fed induction generator to investi-gate the flicker emission and mitigation issues. An individual pitch control (IPC) strategy is proposed to reduce the flicker emission at different wind speed conditions and also extend, an advanced pitch angle control strategy based on the fuzzy logic is proposed for the variable-speed wind turbine systems. The fuzzy logic controller is employed for change blade angle of wind turbine and constant power can be achieve. The block diagram of proposed pitch control which consists of pitch controller, actuator model and turbine linearized modeled by using Matlab/Simulink software.

Implementation of Three Port dc-dc Converter Interface with Renewable Energy for High Power Application

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Meghana.V | Lavanya.K , Monisha , Krithika.K , Mrs.Sarbari Das Sen

Abstract

In this paper, multiport converters can be used for relatively high-power applications. Due to the advantages of multiport converter, recently there have been extensive researches that result in a wide variety of topologies. Three port Fullbridge-based topologies utilize a lot of switches with complicated driving and control Circuitry due to this reason overall cost and size are high. One simple approach is to interface several converters stages to a common dc bus with independent control for each converter stage. This project presents the control strategy and power management for an integrated three-port converter, which interfaces one solar input port, one battery port, and an isolated output port.

Implementing Water Purification in Large Scale in Power Plants

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

P.Akilan | S.Ahamed

Abstract

Global environmental changes and demands for multiple use of increasing population make water management a difficult task, especially in developing countries like India with exploding population, weak economy and several social issues such as disputes over Trans-boundary Rivers, resettlement and rehabilitation issues during project implementation, corruption and vested political and regional interests. With the increase in population, reliable water is becoming a scarce resource. The principal source of water for India is the southwest monsoon that undergoes wide spatial and inter-annual variations associated with global climate anomalies. Any further extremes in rainfall and changes in the frequency and intensity of severe weather systems due to a changing climate will have serious impact on water resources and agriculture, and it will be reflected in all facets of life.

Indirect Vector Control of Induction Motor Drive Using Nonlinear Controller

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

E.Angalin | Dr. S. Allirani , P.Danusuya

Abstract

This paper presents an implementation of nonlinear controller in speed regulation of induction motor drive using indirect vector control method. The proposed nonlinear controller is designed using passivity based control technique and Hamiltonian structure of inverter fed induction motor. The nonlinear controller is used to improve the stability and reduce the losses of the induction motor drive. The proposed method has been simulated using MATLAB/Simulink software.

Integrated Inverter/Converter Control circuit of a 30kW Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Used in Electric Vehicles

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Wagh Jaya. G | 

Abstract

The pollution of environment is increasing due a very large numbers of conventional cars present today. To reduce pollution the electric hybrid electric vehicle are very beneficial. As the era of cheap fuel is also coming to an end the hybrid electric or electric vehicle is a good alternative to the conventional cars. In the paper, the optimization design and analysis of a 30kW interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) used in electric vehicles are fulfilled by finite element analysis (FEA). In order to satisfy good control performances, low cost and high reliability ,Simulation and experimental verification of the prototype are compared deeply, and the final comparison results indicate the prototype essentially satisfies the design In this project the survey of Electric car is done, also a new design of integrated circuit of inverter/converter is introduced to increase the efficiency of the hybrid electric cars & comparison of this technique with other control methods for HEV/EVs is being done. In this system it is given that at starting we need high starting torque for HEVs so we will use two PMSM (permanent magnet synchronous motor) motor feeding by two distinct Inverters sources. After staring we need high acceleration so we will use one of the Inverter & PMSM motor set as a DC-DC boost converter to assist other Inverter to increase the DC link voltage of that inverter to increase the output voltage & power. This integrated circuit allows the Permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) to operate in motor mode or acts as a boost inductor of a boost converter, thereby boosting the output torque coupled to the same transmission system. In motor mode, the proposed integrated circuit acts as an inverter and it becomes a boost-type converter, while using the motor windings as the boost inductors to boost the converter output voltage. Therefore, the proposed integrated circuit can significantly reduce the volume and weight of the system.

Intelligence Vertical Farming with Automation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mayur Hulke | 

Abstract

the intelligence vertical farming is a idea inspired by looking after the present condition of agriculture and the quality of food we are feeding to human beings and the effect of it on their health .the food of the future is nowhere to go but up .and because of that demanding growth we need to find out different ways to increase the production without affecting the quality but as we are taken only one point into consideration that is quantity and left the quality behind and because of that so many health problems have been occurred and it got so worst that last year 550,000 people got blind because of deficiency of vitamin A .toxins levels of food are increased so much that we are eating slow poison in terms of food which is killing human body slowely and eventually end up with disaster so here is the new concept working on globally by different institutions and implemented over many cities to improve the food quality and productivity with quantity also named as “VERTICAL FARMING”

Interfacing Of SCADA with Mobile GSM for Power Station

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mrs. Dhanalaxmi.H.R | Mrs. Shilpashri V N, Ms. Amtul Bushra Anwari

Abstract

The purpose of this project is to acquire the status of circuit breaker(i.e. open or close)and send this real time status over GSM network using GSM Modem/phone. The ongoing processes in substations are monitored 24/7 in ALDC. This system is designed to send SMS alerts whenever the Circuit Breaker trips .This project makes use of an onboard computer which is commonly termed as microcontroller. This onboard computer can efficiently communicate with the different sensors being used. The controller is provided with some internal memory to hold the code. This memory is used to dump some set of assembly instructions into the controller. And the functioning of the controller is dependent on these assembly instructions. The controller is programmed using Embedded C language.

Interfacing Wind Energy to Grid with Load Compensation by Cascaded Hybrid Multilevel Inverters (Chmli)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mr. Madhava Rao.J | Mamatha .G.M , Mr. B S Venkatesh Murthy, Dr. Pradeep B Jyoti

Abstract

Variable wind conditions necessitate the use of a variable speed wind turbine (VSWT) with a AC/DC/AC converter scheme in order to harvest the maximum power from the wind and to decouple the synchronous generator voltage and frequency from the grid voltage and frequency. In this paper, a combination of a three phase diode bridge rectifier (DBR) and a modified topology of the cascaded hybrid multilevel inverter (CHMLI) have been considered as an AC/DC/AC converter. A control strategy has been proposed for the CHMLI to achieve the objective of grid interface of a wind power system together with local load compensation. A novel fixed frequency current control method is proposed for the CHMLI based on the level shifted multi carrier PWM for achieving the required control objectives with equal and uniform switching frequency operation for better control and thermal management with the modified CHMLI. The condition of the controller gain is derived to ensure the operation of the CHMLI at the fixed frequency of the carrier. The converter current injected into the distribution grid is controlled in accordance with the wind power availability. In addition, load compensation is performed as an added facility in order to free the source currents being fed from the grid of harmonic distortion, unbalance and a low power factor even though the load may be unbalanced, non-linear and of a poor power factor. The results are validated using MATLAB simulation studies.

Investigation of Modernized Numerical Relay with Watchdog Timers to Achieve Reliability

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Asha.K | Meghana.S.N , Vijaya Kumara.M.G , Teli Rekha Appasaheb , Manjunatha S

Abstract

The recent trend in protection has been a shift to numerical relay protection techniques, thanks to the development using the single chip digital signal processors with high crunching capability, which has made it possible to design digital filters in real time. In the protection field, numerical techniques have got first application to line protection, and other complementary functions like fault locator, disturbance recorder & auto-reclosing. The present work describes latest salient features of the numerical protection technology, different multifunctional relays going to be installed in modern power system protection and their methods of protection. Malfunction of relay protection is one of the main causes of the heavy failures that periodically occur in power systems all over the world. Thus the reliability of a power system depends on the reliability of relay protection in many respects. Watchdog timers are an excellent way to insure that a microprocessor based system continues to operate unattended if occasional failures occur. The way that a watchdog timer does its job is to monitor a particular signal sent by the microprocessor.

Investigations on the Sloshing Behavior of Elevated Rectangular Water Tanks with and Without Internal Obstruction

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ganesh S.S.Y | Sreenivas Sarma . P

Abstract

Sloshing has been one of the major concerns in the design of liquid storage tanks, particularly under seismic excitation. There are evidences of failures of liquid storage tanks due to sloshing, during the past earthquakes. The consequential increase in the hydrodynamic forces on the tank walls depend on a variety of factors such as geometry of the tank, height of liquid in the tank , fluid tank interaction etc.,. Added to these, the presence of an internal obstruction in the form of protruded columns or a shaft in to the tank structure will make the sloshing behavior all the more complicated. This paper presents the results from an experimental study conducted on elevated rectangular tank models, on a mini shake table , simulating the seismic excitation . Sloshing heights and sloshing patterns are recorded from the experiments and their variation was studied by varying parameters such as tank capacity, spacing of bracings, water level in the tank and the amplitudes of vibration. All the studies were made with and without the presence of internal obstruction. Results obtained were compared with those obtained theoretically from the relevant code and also with those obtained from a software tool SaE Ca net. It is observed that the experimental results are in close agreement with the theoretical ones.

Kinect: Platform for Augmented Reality

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ashvini G.Bais | Yogita G. Kothari , Sarika U. Aswar

Abstract

Computing advances and increased smartphone use gives technology system designers greater flexibility in exploiting computer vision to support visually impaired users. Understanding these user’s needs will certainly provide insight for the development of improved usability of computing device. As new technologies and computer applications prove to be powerful tools for children’s with special needs in order to improve specific skills. However, there is still a gap between research development and its applicability in schools, based on their classroom education proposed framework with several activities. This project focus on HCI (Human Computer Interaction) and Face tracking method based on Kinect, Kinect has the advantage over ordinary camera because it has 2 sensor, an ordinary and depth sensor. In this project a method based on depth information is used for optimizing the face recognition combining with hand gesture which can switch automatically for students and teacher easy to operate the PPT screencast system and other teaching activities related to education domain.

KRUSHI RAKSHAK-GSM based field Watcher: A Review

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mahesh .M | Ashwini Chandran , Nikhitha .T ,Prof. R. Gunasekari , Prof. Malini. K.V

Abstract

As we are moving into more up to date and more up to date innovation in the realm of mechanization and building nearly everything is being computerized. We live in this present reality where everything can be controlled and worked consequently, however there are still a couple of essential segments in our nation where computerization has not been received or not been put to an undeniable use, maybe due to a few reasons one such reason is expense. One such field is agriculture which has been one of the essential occupations of man subsequent to ahead of schedule civic establishments and even today, manual intercessions in cultivating are unavoidable. Fitting natural conditions are important for ideal plant development, enhanced product yields, and proficient utilization of water and different assets. Analyzing the information obtaining procedure of the power conditions, soil conditions and different climatic parameters that oversees plant development permits data to be gathered at high recurrence with no work necessities

Lab VIEW Based Heart Disease Detection

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Jasmin John Joseph | Jeril Benny, Jerrine George Zachariah, Jibin Mathew Valiyaveettil, Mathew George

Abstract

Electrocardiogram (ECG) signal shows the electrical activity of the heart and provides useful information that helps in analyzing the patient’s heart condition. This paper gives an insight in to the LabVIEW software which helps in the analysis of ECG signals. LabVIEW (Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench) is a graphical programming language that uses icons instead of lines of text to create programs. Processing of an ECG signal is done in two stages, filtering & feature extraction. Filtering is done through wavelet transform technique to remove the baseline wandering and noise due to breathing. ECG feature extraction VI is used for extracting various features like P onset, P offset, QRS onset, QRS offset, T onset, T offset, R, P & T wave, with which we calculate various parameters like Heart rate, QRS amplitude and their time duration. Further the heart rate is used to detect tachycardia and bradycardia conditions, while QT mean values are used to diagnose various heart diseases such as atrial tachycardia and hyperkalemia. The obtained result is alerted to the doctor through wireless communication.

Lead-acid Battery Charging with a Buck-Boost Power Converter for a Solar Powered Battery Management System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

G.Saravanan | P.Prakash , K.Dhanapal , M.Gowtham , P.Arun Kumar

Abstract

This article provides an overview of the photo voltaic (PV) system in order to replace the conventional energy sources like coal, nuclear, gas etc. BLDC motor as a load is replaced with the commercial DC motor to achieve better performance which has less maintenance and also less costly . A buck-boost converter is used for converting DC-to-DC and the output voltage magnitude are either greater than or less than the magnitude of the input voltage. A filter design is used to reduce the harmonics and to smoothen the output of the buck-boost converter. An inverter is used to convert boost output dc voltage into an ac voltage. By using MPPT algorithm ms, The Power converters that are operating from solar photovoltaic array are operated in max power extraction mode. Besides MPPT, buffering needs between PV and loads which requires battery storage as well. With respect to daily solar irradiation changes, Hardware implementation is carried out to determine the actual operation of the system. Based on the experimental results it is seen as an energy efficient operation of the BLDC motor drive, compared to the fan that uses single phase AC motor drive, the achievement scheme is simple and cost low.

Line Power Control and Distribution using Power Line Communication

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Niyas Yousuf | Jency Jose,Remya.R.J,Sreeraj Nampoothiri.N,Devootty.A.M

Abstract

The electric power generation in our country rely primarily on hydro electric generators. The main suppliers of electrical power are government or public sector authorities, but it is a fact that power generation is not up to the mark to meet all power demands which necessitates measures likepower cut,load shedding etc.., to meet the future demand. To avoid complete breakdown of power a new system is introduced by which power to individual consumers could be limited. The main components used are an intelligent embedded system with the most modern AVR controller, a power line communication system and a set of Hall Effect sensors. The core logic behind the project is to monitor the current consumption at peak hours and to activate a breaker when the consumption increases beyond the limit value for that particular consumer. So in this way power consumption could be limited at peak hours and enables the distribution of available power according to the allowed demand

Literature Review on a Class of Different Sparse Adaptive Algorithms for Echo Cancellation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ms. Dhanashri M. Kadakane | Prof. Mrs. A. P. Patil

Abstract

Echo is the repetition of a waveform due to reflection from points where the characteristics of the medium through which the wave propagates changes. Echo is usefully employed in sonar and radar for detection and exploration purposes. In telecommunication, echo can degrade the quality of service, and echo cancellation is an important part of communication systems. In hands-free telephony and in teleconference systems, the main aim is to provide a good free voice quality when two or more people communicate from different places. The problem often arises during the conversation is the creation of acoustic echo. This problem will cause the bad quality of voice signal and thus talkers could not hear clearly the content of the conversation, even thought lost the important information. This acoustic echo is actually the noise which is created by the reflection of sound waves by the wall of the room and the other things exist in the room. The main objective for engineers is the cancellation of this acoustic echo and provides an echo free environment for speakers during conversation. For this purpose, scientists design different adaptive filter algorithms. In the context of acoustic echo cancellation (AEC), it is shown that the level of sparseness in acoustic impulse responses can vary greatly in a mobile environment. When the response is strongly sparse, convergence of conventional approaches is poor. we propose a class of AEC algorithms that can not only work well in both sparse and dispersive circumstances, but also adapt dynamically to the level of sparseness using a new sparseness-controlled approach. The proposed algorithms achieve these improvements with only a modest increase in computational complexity.

Load Frequency Control in Two-Area Interconnected Power System Using MultiObjective Differential Evolution

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

M.M.Tejaswini | Dr. U.Salma

Abstract

In this paper, the Multi-objective optimization of Load Frequency Control (LFC) problem of a Two-area interconnected Power system is discussed. The proposed power system consists of two Thermal Generating units. The Multi-objective Differential Evolution (MODE) algorithm is applied to the LFC problem to obtain the control parameters for the optimum performance of the system. Maintaining the Frequency and the Tie-line power in the standard values is the main objective for solving the LFC problem. This problem is solved using the Differential Evolution algorithm where the results obtained are better when compared with the actual Integral and Proportional Integral controller performance in the proposed power system.

Micro Drilling of Conduction Material by EDM Process

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mr. Girish C Mekalke | Mr.Galagaligajanan H. , Mr.Khillare Kallappa K. , Mr. Koli Rahul P , Mr.Mane Sharad Bharat , Mr.Shinde Amit S.

Abstract

Electrical discharge machining (EDM) is one of the non-conventional machining processes. Thermoelectric power between the tool and work piece is main factor for on which EDM is based. In EDM process, the material removal rate is important performance measure. Many of the researchers found the no. of ways to improve the MRR. By using Dielectric medium between work piece and tool erosion of electrically conductive work piece is controlled with the rapid and repetitive spark discharge. Work piece and tool both are taken as conductor of electricity, in order to generate the spark. EDM is used for machining of thin and fragile parts. In this paper the micro drilling on conduction material by using EDM is attempted. Based on concentration, current, time and diameter of tool, the MRR is studied.

Model Predictive Control of Three-Phase Four Switch Inverter-Fed Induction Motor Drives

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Pala Prasad Reddy M | Harinath Reddy K , Swathi S

Abstract

The four-switch three-phase (B4) inverter has the possibility of reducing the inverter cost, and it became very attractive in fault-tolerant control to solve the open/short-circuit faults of the six-switch three-phase (B6) inverter. Its application is limited due to the fluctuation of the two dc-link capacitor voltages which causes the unbalance among the phase currents. Predictive torque control (PTC) scheme is proposed for the B4 inverter-fed induction motor (IM) with the dc-link voltage offset suppression. For precise prediction and control of the torque and stator flux, the voltage vectors of the B4 inverter under the fluctuation of the two dc-link capacitor voltages are derived. By directly controlling the stator flux, the three-phase currents are forced to stay balance. The voltage offset of the two dc-link capacitors is modeled and controlled in the predictive point of view.

Modeling and Design of Hybrid Controller for BLDC Motor

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prerna Jairam Khobragade | Jagdishchoudhari

Abstract

The BLDC motors are widely used in aerospace, instrumentation, system space vehicles, robotics, electric vehicles, and industrial control applications. In such applications, the conventional controllers such as P, PI, PID are being used along with the BLDC servomotor drive system. These conventional controllers have reasonable transient and steady state response under changing parameter. The problem with these controller sis they do not have superior transient and steady state effect at different operating conditions which includes variation in parameters and disturbance in load. This paper presents design of the hybrid fuzzy PID controller for achieving improved performance of the brushless dc (BLDC) servomotor drive. The hybrid controller will have the advantages of both fuzzy and PID controller. The modeling, control and simulation of the BLDC motor is been done using MATLAB SIMULINK software.

Modeling and Simulation of Grid Current Controller for Grid Connected Distributed System under Nonlinear loads

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prof.S.S.Hadape | Miss Jyotsna R.Wagh

Abstract

This paper introduces an advanced current control strategy for grid-connected operations of distributed generation (DG), which supports the DG to transfer a sinusoidal current into the utility grid despite the distorted grid voltage and nonlinear local load conditions. The proposed current controller is designed in the synchronous reference frame and composed of a proportional– integral (PI) controller and a repetitive controller (RC). To produce a high-quality grid current, various current control strategies have been introduced, such as hysteresis, predictive, proportional–integral (PI), and proportional-resonant (PR) controllers. Hysteresis control is simple and offers rapid responses; however, it regularly produces high and variable switching frequencies, which results in high current ripples and difficulties in the output filter design Along with grid voltage distortion, the presence of nonlinear loads in the local load of the DG also causes a negative impact on the grid current quality. To overcome the limitations of aforementioned studies, this paper proposes an advanced current control strategy for the grid-connected DG, which makes the grid current sinusoidal by simultaneously eliminating the effect of nonlinear local load and grid voltage distortions. Then, an advanced control strategy is introduced to address those issues. The proposed current controller is designed in the d–q reference frame and is composed of a PI and an RC. One single RC can compensate a large number of harmonic components with a simple delay function. Hence, the control strategy can be greatly simplified. Another advantage of the proposed control method is that it does not demand the local load current measurement and the harmonic analysis of the grid voltage. Therefore, the proposed control method can be easily adopted into the traditional DG control system without the installation of extra hardware. Despite the reduced number of sensors, the performance of the proposed grid current controller is significantly improved compared with that of the traditional PI current controller.

Modeling of Power Quality Disturbances using Parametric Equations in MATLAB

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

M.S.Priyadarshini | Dr.M.Sushama

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present modeling of power quality disturbances based on parametric equations. Parametric equations are considered for transients, short-duration voltage variations, harmonics, voltage sag with harmonics, voltage swell with harmonics, voltage fluctuations, and voltage flicker. The short-duration voltage variations include voltage interruption, voltage sag and voltage swell for a short period. The classification of power quality disturbances is based upon the magnitude of the disturbance and duration of occurrence. The power quality disturbances results in reduction of stability of the power system. So there is a necessity for proper evaluation of power quality disturbances. Power quality solutions along with required monitoring equipment are chosen by evaluating the type of power quality disturbances. The effect of power quality disturbances can be reduced only after their identification by providing an accurate analysis. The modeling of power quality disturbances performs an important role in power quality evaluation. Any of the signal processing techniques can be applied for extracting useful information from the signals. Waveforms for transients, interruption, sag, swell, harmonics, voltage sag with harmonics, voltage swell with harmonics, voltage fluctuations, and voltage flicker are generated using a suitable code based on parametric equations in MATLAB environment.

Modelling and Simulation of SSSC and UPFC with Symmetrical Faults

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Nishad Anjum Pathan | R.H.Adware

Abstract

Increasing power demands leads to the condition were transmission are heavily loaded, thus power system stability become concern. This paper studies the effect of UPFC on power system stability. For heavy fault condition, the machines in a stable power system initially oscillate and then settle at the stable equilibrium point where the transient energy is zero. This paper utilizes the rate of dissipation of transient energy as a measure of system oscillation damping. This concept is used to determine the additional damping provided by power system stabilizer and facts device SSSC and UPFC. This technique is then studied with help of MATLAB Stimulant for various condition with help of single machine infinite bus system(SMIB).

Modelling Of PV Cells Using Matlab/Simulink

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Sri Kala. Murali Krishna | 

Abstract

Energy is the prime mover of economic growth and is vital to the sustenance of a modern economy. One of the major concerns in the power sector is the day-to-day increasing power demand but the unavailability of enough resources to meet the power demand using the covenantal energy sources. Renewable sources like wind energy and solar energy are the prime energy sources which are being unlined in this regard. The cernuous use of fossil fuels has caused the fossil fuel deposit to be reduced and has rascally affected the environment depleting the biosphere and cumulavely adding to global warming. Solar energy is abundantly available that has made it possible to harvest it and utilize it properly

Monitoring Load Schedule and Fault Detection Using GSM

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Adarsh Nayak | V Vivashwataa Kamalam , Dr. Surekha Kamath

Abstract

Electricity distribution is the final stage in the delivery of electricity from generating power plants to end users. A distribution system's network carries electricity from the transmission system and delivers its load centers. It is the most visible part of the power supply chain, and most exposed to the critical observation of its users. Due to the huge demand for electricity we introduced load shedding, but often inconvenient. The alternative method is load scheduling. The load schedule is usually categorized by local transformer or occasionally by sub-facility / area so that it becomes convenient for the people to overcome their basic needs. In order to have such a system, improvement in identifying the point of fault occurrence, fixing the fault in minimum time, keeping a proper data base of outage and fault occurrence, effectively monitor the voltage, current and temperature variation and other related parameters like preventing oil theft, identifying the voltage drop and keeping the variation within the standard level are essential.

Multi-Source Piezoelectric Energy Harvester

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Vinitha K J | Nisthul G

Abstract

Energy harvester gained a great amount of attention due to the recent advances in wireless technology allowing sensors to be flexible placed in remote locations and operate at very low power for low powered electronic devices; especially when being placed in a remote area, micro scale energy harvesting is preferable. Piezoelectric energy harvesting is a promising technology for extracting the power from environmental vibrations. It generates the electrical power of few orders of amplitudes which is sufficient to drive several autonomous electrical devices. Such vibration-based energy harvester enhances the power output by increase the effective area of force or pressure. When the application area reduces, the performance of the generator drastically reduces. In this line, present work first studies the various factors affecting the amount of power harvested. Simplest model to be started is with a single source piezoelectric energy harvester. To enhance the power harvesting capability of such simplest system over a wide bandwidth range, a multi-source energy harvester system is explained in the present work. Multi-source energy harvester is achieved by increased area by developing a piezoelectric stack with increased number of parallel cantilever beam. Its capability to work over a range of frequency and number of stack for required power output is mathematically predicted. The system uses an appropriate interface circuit, SECE interface which can enhance the power output of the harvester. The continuous beam models based on Euler theory is considered in this thesis which is solved using Finite Element Method. Results are validated with ANSYS solutions. As a next step, the multi-source harvesting problem is considered to know the modeling issues and amount of power harvested. In shock absorber motion of motorbike while driving through the road the effective vibration is utilize to harvest power. Results are satisfactory when compared to operate a piezoelectric stack.

Multilevel STATCOM of Cascaded Two-Level Inverter for High-Power Applications

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

K.Venkatesh | P.Suresh Babu , N.Sreeramulu Reddy

Abstract

A simple static VAR compensating scheme using a cascaded two-level inverter-based multilevel inverter is proposed. The topology consists of two standard two-level inverters connected in cascade through open-end windings of a three-phase transformer. The dc-link voltages of the inverters are regulated at different levels to obtain four-level operation. the performance of the proposed scheme under balanced and unbalanced supply-voltage conditions. Further, stability behavior of the topology is investigated. The dynamic model is developed and transfer functions are derived. The system behavior is analyzed for VARious operating conditions

Name Plate Recognition for Real Time Application

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

M. S. Chelva | Dr. S. V. Halse

Abstract

the era of automation brings comfort and ease in the life style. The security, safety and information management issues are the most vulnerable issues which need to be resolved at every possible level. The traffic monitoring is one of the important issues in this world of growing population and vehicle density. It is very essential to monitor, record the traffic movement for smooth management. The manual ways to keep on watching is impossible due to exponential growth in the number of vehicles running on the road all the time. Obviously the security, monitoring of vehicles & name plate reading automata ion becomes necessary for vehicle management system. This ensures continuous reading, recording of vehicle & person details. In this paper, we present the analysis of various techniques used in name plate recognition system and presents a real time algorithm of name plate reading system that promises better and accurate results.

Nanotechnology

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mayur Hulke | 

Abstract

Nanotechnology ,when we talk about nanotechnology the first thing which came into our mind is the size and we imagine whole new different world on a Nano scale .and its really fascinating because nanotechnology is not just a technology it’s a revolution because it’s not just a technology which can be applied to specific area of research or specific field .it has the power to maximize all limitations which we are facing now a days in industrial ,medical ,manufacturing , electronics, and so many different fields .we are living in a digital world so as we are looking into future more and more the daily instruments goods which we use in our day to life are getting compact in size and much more comfortable to use light in weight and the quality of that product is getting better day by day. nanotechnology actually deals with materials on Nano scale its being used since last hundreds of years accidentally in the field of manufacturing. in 1980’s Drexler he is the man who actually thought that and really talked about the little robots on Nano scale which can actually position atoms in precise places we can call it molecular assemblers he is the futuristic person. But now a days also most academics and researchers especially who belong to chemistry, physics and manufacturing field they all are pushing down there limits to nanometer scale. But like every technology this also has challenging factors which manufacturing researchers are facing that fabrication on the Nano scale is very much difficult to achieve because we had developed fabrication units up to micro scale .apart from this scientist have developed so many other important products ,medicines with the help of nanotechnology

New Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverter Topology WithReduced Number of Switches

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Baishali Bhattacharjee | Mr. Tilok Boruah , Dr. Chhotan Sahu

Abstract

With the demand for high power inverter unit, multilevel inverter has been attracting extensive attention from academic as well as industry.The significant advantages of multilevel configuration are voltage sharing both statically and dynamically, and hence the quality of output voltage improves with the number of voltage steps with less harmonic contents.Though multilevel inverter has several advantages, it has drawbacks like for higher levels more number of semiconductor switches are needed which leads to huge size and high cost of the inverter. This paper deals with a novel seven level cascaded multilevel inverter.This topology reduces the complexity and overall size of the system which in turn reduces the harmonics and cost of the entire system.A seven level inverter simulation is carried with the implementation of PWM techniques.The effectiveness of the proposed inverter is adequately validated by softwaresimulation.Further comparison of the proposed topology with the existing topologies exemplifies the efficiency of the proposed topology.

Nine Level Inverter Using Modified H Bridge Configuration

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

N Parvathy | P.R Sowmiya , S Monisha

Abstract

The Inverter is an electrical device which converts direct current (DC) to alternate current (AC). The inverter is used for emergency backup power in a home. Inverters can be broadly classified into single level inverter and multilevel inverter. Generally multi-level inverters are preferred because it has been confirmed through experiments that, a multi-level inverter has reduced total harmonic distortion (THD) when compared to classic inverters and they can operate at several voltage levels. Also it has been inferred that, as the number of levels in the inverter increases, the distortion is further reduced. Thus, to have a better output, multi-level inverters of higher levels are used. Depending on the requirements, the number of levels is fixed for the inverter.The objective of this project is to develop a nine level inverter using modified H-Bridge configuration to drive a AC load. There are three configurations in multi-level inverters out of which, Cascaded H-bridge configuration is chosen to implement nine-level inverter.Nine-level inverter is used in place of standard inverters in order to get a close to sine wave output. A classic inverter has two output levels. One is +Vdc and another is –Vdc. A nine level inverter has nine levels in output waveform which are +4Vdc, +3Vdc, +2Vdc, +Vdc, 0, -Vdc, -2Vdc, -3Vdc, -4Vdc. A nine-level inverter is used in practice to supply motor drives, electrical vehicle drives, DC power source utilization, etc.

Novel Asymmetric Hybrid 15 Level Inverter with Reduced Number of Switches Using Different PWM Techniques – Part 1 Simulation Studies

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Shruthi K R.M | Nalini.S

Abstract

This paper proposes a best modulation technique is phase opposition and disposition pulse width modulation for the asymmetric multi-level inverter (AMLI) which is used for high voltage and high power with renewable energy sources. Here AMLI is used has higher voltage levels with reduced number of switches and dc sources. In this proposed 15-level hybrid AMLI have been implemented sinusoidal pulse width modulation (SPWM) and fundamental frequency pulse width modulation technique (FPWM) is used to achieve the stepped switched staircase waveform with quality of power output. The percentage of total harmonic distortion values of the hybrid AMLI are analyzed by using different PWM techniques are PDPW, APODPWM, PODPWM and PSPWM among these techniques phase opposition and disposition pulse width modulation is best technique is based on selective reduction in harmonic content and it can be produced higher number of output levels and number of phases. Simulation has been carried out using MATLAB/SIMULINK.

Object Detection and Tracking in Real Time Environment with Different Colour Filters

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ajay Sharma | Neelesh Gupta

Abstract

In this paper, exhibiting and examining about the encircling, effective recognition and following of an item progressively utilizing shading range and pixels of caught picture as parameter. An item identifying and following calculation is created to breaking down the movement of article. A following calculation is produced with a specific end goal to break down the movement of item is disarranged or not. In this paper, are contrasting 3 shading channels for various shading and investigation shading ranges. RGB shading channel, Pixel Channel shading channel and Euclidean shading channel which has the points of interest that it can be utilized as a part of element pictures. We change over the shading picture into dark, since it is anything but difficult to handle the dim picture in single Color rather than multi hues since time preparing of dim pictures is less. This seeking assignment likewise contains a discourse for a quick technique for recognizing the vicinity of known multi-shaded articles in a scene. Programmed object following are done in a few stages. The progressions of item following and discovery are picture catching, picture preparing, time arrangement extraction and investigation. Foundation subtraction is real issue in article following's calculations and channels. They are utilized to track and distinguish diverse shading and think about their outcomes in various foundations.

Optimal Allocation of Multiple Distributed Generators for Network Loss Reduction & Voltage Profile Improvement

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Dr. N. Kumar | Dr. Pradeep. B. Jyoti, Girisha K M

Abstract

In the present energy scenario, increased concerns are shown towards distributed generation (DG) driven by renewable energy resources. DG is a small scale generating units that are connected near to customer load center or directly to the distribution network. Such DGs has capability of altering power flow, system voltage, and the performance of the integrated network. When DGs are integrated to existing distributed network, offers many techo-economical benefits. To maximize the availing benefits, optimal DG planning is necessary. The two critical issues of DG planning are: (1) Optimal placement of DG (2) Optimal sizing of DG. In this paper, the optimal locations for DG units are found out by using three sets of indices, such as Power loss reduction index (PLRI), Voltage deviation index (VDI), & Multi-Objective Ranking index (MORI) and optimal sizing of DGs at optimal locations is decided for both voltage profile improvement and network loss reduction. The buses with the lowest value of MORI are the candidate buses for allocation of DG units. The effectiveness of the proposed methodology has been tested on standard IEEE-33 bus radial distribution system using MATLAB 2014. The method has potential to be a tool for identifying the best locations and capacity of DGs to be installed for improving voltage profile and reducing power losses in a distribution system as the results are very much encouraging.

Optimal Coordination of Dual Setting Directional Overcurrent Relays for Microgrid Protection

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Srinivas STP | K. Shanti Swarup

Abstract

Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources (RES) at the consumer neighbourhood resulted in self reliable power system operation.Distributed Generation (DG) supported distribution systems can be operated intact with the main grid or can be operated independently. Such a system can be termed as a microgrid. The feasibility of microgrid operation make its protection more complex. One of the profound challenges faced by the power engineers in designing a working microgrid system is relay coordination. Directional overcurrent relays (DOCRs) are economical and feasible protective means in subtransmission and meshed distribution system.However, in the microgrid scenario, the relay coordination problem becomes a complex issue due to varied system operation viz. grid connected and islanded modes. This paper suggests a solution to relay coordination problem in microgrids by using dual setting overcurrent relays. Unlike conventional DOCRs which rely on two settings TMS and PS only in forward direction, dual setting DOCRs operate in accordance to four relay setting of TMS and PS both in forward and reverse directions, thus provide more flexible relay settings. This work presents such a problem which is formulated as a nonlinear constrained optimization problem and solved using hybrid GANLP approach.

Optimal Distributed Generator Allocation Using Particle Swarm Optimization

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

R Gowrisankara Rao | P S Vasavi, Majji Satish , Muddada Venkatesh

Abstract

The distributed generation (DG) is one of the viable alternatives for reducing the problem of load growth, over loading of lines, quality of supply, reliability of equipment through mitigating power losses. Loss reduction is one of the prime objectives for planning of distributed generation. To improve the performance of the distribution system, optimal placement of distributed generators is critically important as identifying the location and size. Introducing DG’s in distribution networks leads to reduce power loss with distribution loss allocation approach in primary distribution networks. In this paper, optimal placement of DG units using loss allocation approach with Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is proposed. This approach aim to minimize active power loss by placing DG in a radial distribution system by optimizing the objective function based on power loss and cost. The performance of the proposed approach is performed on standard IEEE buses and practical distribution networks.

Optimal Location of DG Units using Sensitivity Analysis

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

P S Divya | Dr.T.Gowri Manohar

Abstract

Now a days the usage of electrical power is increasing enormously and it is also becoming highly impossible in the future world without the electricity. One of the techniques for maintaining the continuous supply i.e., by generating the electrical power in the distribution is presented . Distributed generation (DG) play an important role in distribution networks. Among many of their merits, loss reduction, THD reduction and voltage profile improvement can be the salient merits of DG. If the placement of the DG is done in non-optimal locations with non-optimal sizes of DG units may lead to increased losses, poor voltage profile and injection of harmonics in large quantity which in turn implies in increased cost of the system. In this paper, Sensitivity Analysis is used to determine the location of DG and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is used to determine the size of DG to minimize the power losses in the distribution networks.The proposed PSO based approach is tested on standard IEEE 33 bus test system. The results so obtained show the improvement in voltage profile, reduction of real power loss using MATLAB.

Optimal Path Planning In Autonomous Robots Using Genetic Algorithm

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Basavanna M | Dr. M. Shivakumar

Abstract

Determination of a collision free path for a mobile robot between start and goal points through obstacles in a workspace is important to the design of an autonomous robot path planning. One way to make sure the robot’s path is the best path for the given environment is by making use of various path planning algorithms. In this paper we use a genetic algorithm approach to solve the path planning problem. The obstacle free path is chosen such that the robot avoids all the obstacles in its path and finds the shortest path. Then the Processing Time and Path Length for the given workspace is obtained. The results obtained for genetic algorithm are compared with the results obtained for the same workspace using other two algorithms such as A – Star and Bidirectional RRT Algorithm.

Optimal Placement of SVC Using Voltage Sensitivity Approach

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Kalyani Zanak | Archana Patil , Dr.V.Chandrakar

Abstract

Voltage is always the most important part of the power system response and it is an important aspect of system stability and its security. The voltage instability generally results in monotonically decreasing voltages. So that Flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) devices play an important role in improving the performance of the power system, but these devices are very costly and so need to be placed optimally. During a large disturbance improving the systems voltage by upgrading the reactive power handling capacity of the system by using SVC is the area of study. Thus the effect of Static VAR Compensator (SVC) in voltage stability enhancement will be studied in this paper and a technique is based on line stability index, real power performance index and reduction of total system VAR power losses has been intended to decide the optimal location of SVC.

Optimal Rescheduling Of Generators For Relieving Transmission Congestion Based On Appso

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

A.Manoj Kumar | J.Sreenivasulu

Abstract

One of the major operating challenges in the deregulated electric power industry is the Transmission Congestion. Congestion occurs when there is an insufficient transmission capacity to simultaneously accommodate all requests for transmission service within a region. To relieve this Congestion we use rescheduling of the generator active power outputs. But all the generators may not be taking part in this process. Participating generators are optimally selected based on the generator sensitivity factor. In the literature, Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is used for minimizing rescheduling cost of the generators, where as in the proposed method Anti Predatory Particle Swarm Optimization technique (APPSO) is used for minimizing rescheduling cost of the generators. The proposed method was developed on IEEE standard 30 bus and 57 bus test systems in MATLAB software environment.

Optimizing Energy Savings Using Battery -Less Pv Harvesting System With Grid Backup And Real Time Solar Tracking

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Achu G Kumar | Arjun Anil, Aromal B Raj

Abstract

Due to the present energy crisis we are seeing a transformation to renewable energy sources like the solar energy. The disadvantage of solar energy lies in the high replacement cost of batteries and on the non- uniformity of solar availability. By using a battery-less system we directly uses the solar energy to run DC appliances. If the availability of energy is less, then the required additional energy will be taken from the grid which ensures continuous supply. Moreover the real time based solar tracking ensures better capturing of solar rays. Since we use DC appliances, we avoid multiple conversions and reduce the cost. This project finds its application in Govt. offices, schools etc which functions at the time when abundant solar energy is available.

Patient Monitoring Robot

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Amrutha. R | Lalitha. K , Deepika T V

Abstract

This paper describes the techniques for analyzing, designing, improving and controlling the health care management system. Autonomous Intelligent Robots can perform desired tasks in any type of environment without the continuous guidance of human. A line follower robot is automated device programmed to follow a specific path. A line following robot carries the medicine to the patient whenever they need it based on the predefined path that can be either visible on a black line on a white surface or vice-versa. An IR sensor remote is used by the nurse or technician, based on which the data is sent to the system or the robot. In this algorithm Firebird V microcontrollers are used to deliver the requested provisions by the patients in the hospital. It uses three levels of feedback for path alignment, rotation offset and for avoiding obstacles. Since the path of the wards remains same in the hospitals, so a fixed path is defined and is loaded to the Firebird V through codes. In this project the robot used is Firebird V ATMEGA 2560.

Performance Analysis of Conventional PI, PD, PID and Fuzzy Logic Controller using Matlab / Simulink for Industrial Applications

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

R.Gunasekari | Sangamesh Mavur , Kishor Kumar.K , R. Mallikarjuna Reddy , Sharana Basava

Abstract

Measuring the flow of liquid is a critical need in many industrial plants. The aim of this paper is to do the comparative study of Proportional Integral controller, Proportional Derivative controller, conventional PID controller and fuzzy logic controller for flowing fluids. In this paper, performance analysis of proportional derivative, conventional PID controller and fuzzy logic controller has been done by the use of MATLAB and Simulink and in the end comparison of various time domain parameter is done to prove that the fuzzy logic controller has small overshoot and fast response as compared to PID controller and PD, PI controller. PID controller is the most widely used control strategy in industry. The popularity of PID controller can be attributed partly to their robust performance and partly to their functional simplicity. In this paper, the response of the PID and PD, PI controller is oscillatory which damage the system. But the response of the fuzzy logic controller is free from these dangerous oscillations in transient period. Hence the Fuzzy logic controller is better than the conventionally used PID controller.

Performance Analysis of DVR Using Controller Parameter Optimization

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 20th June 2017

Manish KR.Pandey | Dr.A.N.Tiwari

Abstract

Dynamic Voltage Restorer is the accepted economical solution for safety of sensitive loads from voltage swell and sag. The DVR can provide active and reactive power. Inside DVR there is a control unit and it is the heart of the DVR where its function is to discern the presence of voltage sags in the system. In this paper we use a PI controller as the control unit of DVR. For designing of PI controller optimization algorithm known as Particle Swarm Optimization is used in this paper.

Performance Analysis of High Precision Position Controlled Switch Reluctance Motor Drive

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

P.Simhachalam | 

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to investigate the problem of high-precision position control in Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) drives. Proportional-differential (PD) controller and Advanced gain scheduling proportional-integral (PI) controllers are adopted for position and speed controls, respectively. The control scheme used for the SRM drive operates over a wide speed range and supports the four quadrant operation and also provides low torque ripple at an acceptable level. The proposed four quadrant control scheme is based on the average torque control method. Low torque ripple is achieved by controlling the turn-on and turnoff angles through simple formulas so as to minimize the pulsations of the torque at the commutation intervals. The fine tuned PI controller parameters are online determined according to the load torque and speed of the rotor. In order to provide precise position control, a gain scheduling technique is adopted in the speed control design. A low-pass filter is included in the position controller to improve the set-point tracking and to prevent the impulse of the control signal. The SRM drive is designed and implemented in MATLAB/Simulink environment at different rotor positions and several simulation results are presented to validate the feasibility of the proposed control scheme.

Performance Analysis of IEEE 802.11 ac WLANS on Throughput and TXOP Sharing for MU MIMO WLANS

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 20th June 2017

Shaik Khaja Mohiddin | Hemanth C

Abstract

ver increasing proliferation of the multimedia application on wireless, LAN’S demands high-throughput transmission support from these networks which in turn necessitates efficient resource approaches. The latest standard of IEEE 802.11ac leverages several physical layer techniques including downlink (DL) multiuser transmission to provide throughput application of the multimedia applications.. In this work, we analyze the TXOP sharing mechanism, by focusing on the MAC modification and enhancements introduced in the 802.11ac amendment, to achieve efficient DL-MU-MIMO transmission. The performance of the proposed TXOP sharing mechanism is simulated using the NS3.

Performance Analysis of Statcom Compensator Using Adaline Based Control Techniques for Load Compensation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

BatulM Bawajan | Surabhi Shrivastav, Rajashri B.Khadase , Ganesh Mhatre

Abstract

Power quality in the grid system reactive power compensation plays a vital role and also makes the power factor improvement. The STATCOM (Static Synchronous Compensator) is a shunt device interconnected to the grid system with large non-linear loads. The utilization of power electronic devices in the load the systems THD reduces with the increase in the consumption of reactive power. The performance of the STATCOM depends on the control algorithm i.e. the extraction of the current components. In this project STATCOM is controlled by IRP and SRF theory for compensation of reactive power and unbalance and these methods are compared with a new Adaline based algorithm. An Adaline based control technique consists of an on-line identified system model and a Pole-Shift (PS) feedback controller. An Adaline based control technique has resulted inconsiderable improved performance of STATCOM.

Performance and Analysis of Dynamic Voltage Restorer against Voltage Sag and Swell

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prof. Sandeep Mudakannavar | Pradip Patil , Vinayak Patil , Shrikant Jadhav , Gouri Kulkarni , Komal Sutar

Abstract

In recent years, power quality has become more important part of today’s Electrical power system. A survey defines that roughly 92% of power quality problems are occurred in distribution system are voltage sag, voltage swell and harmonics. Most of the times Voltage sag and voltage swells present in the Distribution system and are due to faults at a remote bus also Nonlinear loads generate harmonic currents which are responsible for poor power quality. The Power Quality Analysis aspires to bring out electricity consumers for improved power quality with application of power electronics devices.

Performance Evaluation of Hybrid Super Capacitor Module for Energy Storage Applications

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Neha S. Denge | Dr. S.G. Tarnekar

Abstract

This paper presents and evaluates performance of hybrid super-capacitor under different load conditions and its charge/discharge characteristics. The paper also gives the brief introduction of equivalent circuit for hybrid super-capacitor. In the search of energy storage device with better performance scientist have recently launched a new type of device named as hybrid super-capacitor. It has an advantage of high energy density and high power density. Its working voltage is much greater than the existing super-capacitor(

Performance Investigation of Multilevel Inverter Based Static Synchronous Series Compensator for Power Flow Control

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Rajendra Narayan Senapati | Sonakshi Pradhan , Rudranarayan Senapati , Rajesh Kumar Sahoo

Abstract

This paper consists of control logic of Five-Level Flying Capacitor Multilevel Inverter (FCMLI) based Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC) has been proposed. SSSC which is connected in series with the transmission line is preferred to other compensating devices because apart from controlling the active and reactive power flow, it helps to damp out unnecessary oscillations, reducing the Sub-Synchronous Resonance (SSR) and helps in improving the Power Quality (PQ). Hence, FCMLI is used which helps to ameliorate the output waveform and reduces the auxiliary filtering requirements. Moreover, the control logic for the inverter that has been shown in such a way that voltage stress across each capacitor connected to DC-link voltage is equal. The control logic has been implemented in MATLAB/Simulink environment and the result is shown as there are no SSR phenomena and considerable less line loss.

Performance of a 4- Switch, 3-Phase Inverter Fed Induction Motor (IM) Drive System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Nagesh Patwari | 

Abstract

This project proposes the performance of a 4- switch, 3-phase inverter fed induction motor (IM) drive system for high performance industrial drive systems. In the proposed realization, instead of a usual 6-switch three-phase inverter (SSTPI) a 4- switch three-phase inverter (FSTPI) is used. A cost effective FSTPI fed IM drive using Field-Oriented-Control and Space-Vector PWM controller (with new control SVPWM approach) is implemented in real time. This reduces the cost of the inverter, the switching losses, and the complexity of the control algorithms and interface circuits to generate 6 PWM logic signals. Furthermore, the proposed control approach reduces the computation for real-time implementation. In this paper, a simulation model of the drive system is developed and analyzed in order to verify the effectiveness of the approach. The complete vector control scheme for the IM drive fed from the proposed 4S3P inverter is implemented in real-time using digital signal processor for a prototype 1 hp motor. Theoretical and experimental results of the proposed drive verify the robustness of the drive. A performance comparison of the proposed IS3P inverter fed drive with a conventional 6S3P inverter fed drive is also mode in terms of speed response and total harmonic distortion (THI)) of the stator current. Simulation results show that the proposed drive system provides a fast speed response and good disturbance rejection capability. The designed inverter fed IM drive is found suitable considering its cost decrease and the robustness.

Performance of PV System with IC MPPT Algorithm: A Review

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Saipriya M | J.Bhavani Singh, Kavya.K, Jayasudha.L, C.Sowmiya, Vinny Jerald.S

Abstract

Photovoltaic (PV) is a technical name in which radiant (photon) energy from the sun is converted to direct current (DC) Electrical Energy. PV power output is still low, continuous efforts are taken to develop the PV converter and controller for maximum power extracting efficiency and reduced cost factor. The maximum power point tracking (MPPT) is a process which tracks one maximum power point from array input, varying the ratio between the voltage and current delivered to get the most power it can. A number of algorithms have been developed for extracting maximum power. This paper details with the study of PV system with MPPT algorithm. The panel voltage V and its generated power depend on the number of serial modules in a string and the number of parallel strings in a panel. The module reference voltage VREF is obtained from the irradiation density A and the MPPT algorithm in order to extract the maximum power.

Performance of PV Systems with Power Optimizers and Distributed Power Electronics

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

R.Gunasekari | Hitesh Kumar Choudhary , Mubarak.S , Mithun.V , Arun.P.K

Abstract

In the present day fossil fuels continue to be depleted and climate changes, a problem grows severe day by day. A photo-voltaic (PV) power generation system which uses renewable resources has been extensively used in emergency and generating facility. So overcome these problems we are proposing a new concept called sustainable energy harvesting with the help of boost converter by maximum power point tracking (MPPT) Technology in an ac distribution System by the use of bidirectional inverter. The Bidirectional Inverter input is obtained from the solar power conventional boost converter that efficiently harvests maximum energy from the solar panel. By the use of coupled inductor and switched capacitor technologies to obtain maximum voltage gain, the leakage inductor energy from the coupled inductor can be recycled. The voltage stress on active switch is reduced, which means the coupled inductor employed in combination with the voltage multiplier technique successfully accomplishes the higher voltage gain. There are various MPPT techniques among the various techniques we are chosen INC (Incremental Conductance). This will helps to improve the system efficiency by a low voltage rating and low conductance resistance. The duty ratio is modulated by the MPPT algorithm, designing and modelling of the proposed work is carried out and results are verified with the help of MATLAB/Simulink.

Performance of Two Stage Inverter Based Grid Connected Photovoltaic Power Plant under Grid Faults

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

T.J.Deepthi | G.Seshadri

Abstract

Grid-connected distributed generation sources interfaced with voltage source inverters (VSIs) need to be disconnected from the grid under: 1) excessive dc-link voltage; 2) excessive ac currents; and 3) loss of grid-voltage synchronization. In this paper, the control of two-stage grid-connected VSIs in photovoltaic (PV) power plants is developed to address the issue of inverter disconnecting under various grid faults. Inverter control incorporates reactive power support in the case of voltage sags based on the grid codes’ (GCs) requirements to ride-through the faults and support the grid voltages. A case study of a 1-MW system simulated in MATLAB/Simulink software is used to illustrate the proposed control. Problems that may occur during grid faults along with associated remedies are discussed. The results presented illustrate the capability of the system to ride-through different types of grid faults.

Performance of Wind Energy Conversion Systems

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

R.Gunasekari | N.H.Umashree , Nethravathi.J , Kavya Neela , Namratha.R

Abstract

A renewable energy source is most attracting as substitute energy sources for the conservative energy sources. With growing attraction of renewable energy sources, because of ecological problem and clean electrical power generation. This is not only due to the diminishing fuel source and due to environment pollution and global warming problems. The wind energy conversion systems (WECS), interest is focused on a small unit of wind turbine to provide electricity supply in the remote areas. Small stand alone renewable based power supply systems are marketable in the remote places. Where the grid is not connected cost-effectively and electricity is not available. The wind power is the main sources of a renewable energy and maximum power can be generated during the wind variations. Permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) is used with the wind turbine for power generation and it has better reliability, lower maintenance and efficiency is more. A synchronous generator is needed to extract all the power in peak power situation as high wind and to store the enough energy for periods to the renewable source is no available. The generator is committed to horizontal axis wind turbine. Excitation field is provided to the synchronous generator by the diode rectifier. By using diode rectifier and ac voltage converter into a dc voltage supplies to and boost converter. Supplies the single phase supply to the connected by an MOSFET inverter and the storage system is used to provide the supply during the low wind condition. The generator is extra-large, if the chances of without storage bank and the power also deliver to the peak load. These ensure the uncompetitive against huge power stations. This proves that larger storage banks are needed to ensure power all the time. The high power load appears for short period and storage system ensures the sufficient power. The cost of total energy including the capital cost of the power system and maintenance is huge compare to the hybrid system with battery bank is small than the conventional power supply.

Performance Test for Alternative Fuel in Single Cylinder Diesel Engine

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

S.Tamilzhazagan | S.Vimal Kumar , G.Thirumurugan , D.Thulasimani , Mr.M.Valliappan

Abstract

At present every country is facing two major challenges namely energy crisis and environmental degradation. Carrying need of the day is to mean fuel, more fuel and cheaper fuel. More over the growing use of petroleum fuels in the ever increasing number of automobiles is causing rapid degradation of environment in every country due to vehicle exhaust pollution. To meet this twin problem of fuel oil scarcity and air pollution caused by the growing use of petroleum fuel, alternate renewable clean burning fuel should be explored for using motor vehicles. Alternate fuel is very essential that of alternatives for the fossil fuels such as atrophy, pongamia, coconut oil , etc. It has been found that now a day’s biodiesel plays an important role in the automobile industry. This project aims at reducing the cost of the fuel consumers by blending the coconut oil with diesel with different proportions and testing the performance of blended diesel. The tests were carried out for raw coconut oil 70% with 30% diesel and camphor tablets. The performance were studied and it is concluded that, the bending of 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100% at room temperature gives better fuel consumption and also improves emission norms.

Perturb and Observe Algorithm for the Design and Simulation of Solar Photovoltaic System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Nandaraja H Shadlageri | Anasuya Patil , S.S.Nidhi , SuhailGouse , Dr. Pradeep B Jyoti

Abstract

The limited resources and high cost of conventional energy sources like oil, gas, coal, as well as the continued environmental pollution are some of the main reasons for wide spread introducing of renewable energy sources in electrical power systems. The development and usage of these alternative energy technologies are still restricted. Solar energy has the greatest potential of all the sources of renewable energy. This work deals with the design and simulation of a simple but an efficient solar photovoltaic PMDC water pumping system. The system employs the Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT). The MATLAB simulations perform comparative tests of two popular MPPT algorithms, called Perturb and Observe algorithm and Incremental Conductance method using actual solar irradiation data and temperature coefficient data. Under the natural atmospheric condition is considered for data. And then PV model parameters are calculated, analyzed and compared with the simulated values. The design offers lower system cost due to use of fewer sensors on the output sensing, direct control technique. The MATLAB simulations verify the system and functionality of MPPT. Simulations also make comparison with the system without MPPT .This method is best suited for developing countries like India to fulfil their electric power network in rural areas.

Photovoltaic Power Control Using MPPT Technology

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Teena Varghese | Nithu Thankam Johnson, Anju Susan Moses, Lintu Merin Philip

Abstract

Use of electricity is increasing day by day.Converting solar energy into electrical energy is one of the best ways to reduce fossil fuel consumption. The solar irradiance and temperature are dynamic. Several studies suppose that more than 45% of the energy in the world will be generated by photovoltaic array.The electricity finds its application in all the domains. The main advantages of photovoltaic(PV)systems employed for harnessing solar energy are lack of greenhouse gas emission, low maintenance costs, fewer limitations with regard to site of installation and absence of mechanical noise arising from moving parts. PV systems suffer from relatively low conversion efficiency. Therefore, maximum power point tracking(MPPT)for the solar array is essential in a PV system.The nonlinear behavior of PV systems as well as variations of the maximum power point with solar irradiance level and temperature complicates the tracking of the maximum power point.A variety of MPPT methods have been proposed and implemented. Therefore a Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) technique is needed to maximize the produced energy. A P&O method is the most simple, which moves the operating point toward the maximum power point periodically increasing or decreasing the PV array voltage.A Mat lab-Simulink based simulation study of PV cell/PV module/PV array is carried out and presented.

Photovoltaic Power Control Using MPPT Technology

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Teena Varghese | Nithu Thankam Johnson , Anju Susan Moses , Lintu Merin Philip

Abstract

Use of electricity is increasing day by day.Converting solar energy into electrical energy is one of the best ways to reduce fossil fuel consumption. The solar irradiance and temperature are dynamic. Several studies suppose that more than 45% of the energy in the world will be generated by photovoltaic array.The electricity finds its application in all the domains. The main advantages of photovoltaic(PV)systems employed for harnessing solar energy are lack of greenhouse gas emission, low maintenance costs, fewer limitations with regard to site of installation and absence of mechanical noise arising from moving parts. PV systems suffer from relatively low conversion efficiency. Therefore, maximum power point tracking(MPPT)for the solar array is essential in a PV system.The nonlinear behavior of PV systems as well as variations of the maximum power point with solar irradiance level and temperature complicates the tracking of the maximum power point.A variety of MPPT methods have been proposed and implemented. Therefore a Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) technique is needed to maximize the produced energy. A P&O method is the most simple, which moves the operating point toward the maximum power point periodically increasing or decreasing the PV array voltage.A Mat lab-Simulink based simulation study of PV cell/PV module/PV array is carried out and presented.

PITFALL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

B.Prassanna Venkatesh | 

Abstract

Today we have started achieving things that were once far beyond the control of realm of humans with the help of Artificial Intelligence. Here we analyse about the Booby Trap posed by the Artificial Intelligence. Google Glasses, Nano batteries, Paperless papers, Unmanned Drones fill up today's news column. On contrary, the prominent minds of 21st century have started warning that the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race. As worms have evolved into apes, and apes to man, the evolution of man to an Artificial Intelligence is just a natural processe. Certainly it would probably only be a matter of a few centuries before modern man destroys the earth, whereas an artificial intelligence may be able to survive for millennia. This paper aims to help raise awareness of the danger that computers pose. It might be possible to program a "Friendly" AI. While a Friendly AI would be very nice, it is probably just wishful thinking. Our awesome ability to develop computer hardware may have already pushed us over the line. It would seem to be extremely reckless to assume that we can never build an intelligent machine just because we cannot build it now.

PLC-Based SCADA System For Oil Tank Area And Application

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Aiswarya Prakash | Ignatious Mathew,Jibin Joseph, Sankar R

Abstract

In the process of petroleum storage and transportation, temperature, pressure and flow, controlled by varieties of electric valves and pumps, are the main monitoring parameters. The changes of temperature and pressure will lead to the change of the petroleum storage and transportation. In order to achieving the most effective petroleum storage and transportation under different environments, temperature, pressure and flow, petroleum storage and transportation database is established. The database provides the basis for petroleum storage and transportation to adopt different ways and methods in different temperature, pressure and flow In the paper, configuration software and PLC are applied to construct SCADA System of the petroleum transportation In additional of this theme, here embedded technology is added. This technology is nothing but zigbee wireless communications.

Power Factor Correction in Luo Converter Fed Induction Motor Drive

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Deepa M.U | Sofiya A , Kannan.S.A, Renjith .G , Karthyayani P , Akhil Krishnan .A , Lekshmi S Kumar , Rahul G , Sreejith S

Abstract

This paper presents a power factor correction (PFC) Luo converter fed induction motor drive. A single voltage sensor is used for the speed control of induction motor and PFC at AC mains. The voltage follower control is used for a Luo converter operating in discontinuous inductor current mode (DICM). The speed of the induction motor is controlled by an approach of variable DC link voltage, which allows a low frequency switching of voltage source inverter (VSI) thus offers reduced switching losses. The proposed induction motor drive of 5 hp is designed to operate over a wide range of speed control with an improved power quality at AC mains. Active power factor correction is done in the proposed system. Simulation of proposed system is done using MATLAB simulink and power quality indices are measured.

Power Generation using Single Phase Self-Excited Induction Generator

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mr. Pandurang D. More | Akshay B. Nalge , Akshay R. Patil , Amol S. Kachare , Minakshi P. Lavate , Priyanka P. Ujanikar

Abstract

The self-excited induction generators have been found suitable for energy conversion for remote locations. This paper present a new method to supply single phase loads using single phase self-excited induction generator. This machine can be used to meet the local demand of remote area in the absence of grid. Induction generators are widely used to extract energy from renewable energy as it gives synchronized electrical power at variable speed its prime mover turbine. As electrical energy sources can be cheaper compare to grid connection in remote locations. Wind and mini/micro, portable diesel/kerosene engines can be used as a prime mover for induction generator.

Power Quality Enhancement by Reduction of Harmoins using Fuzzy Logic

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

G.Nageswara Rao | K.Murali Krishna Raju

Abstract

In today’s commercial world, multilevel inverters is playing a significant role from power failure. Harmonics is a major problem in power systems that have become serious recently owing to the wide use of power electronics related equipment. In this process, there is a possibility of generation of harmonic peaks because majority of the power utilities are non-linear loads. A high performance multilevel inverter should have a clean output voltage with low total harmonic distortion (THD) for both linear and non linear loads. Harmonic distortion is the most important power quality problem occurring in multilevel inverter, the harmonics can be eliminated by an optimal selection of switching angles. A hybrid evaluation technique evaluates the obtained optimal switching angles that are attained from the fuzzy inference system as well as neural network. The proposed technique is tested with a seven level cascaded H-bridge inverter. The proposed method will be implemented in MATLAB working platform and the harmonic elimination performance will be evaluated.

Power Quality Enhancement in Bridgeless Isolated Cuk Converter Fed BLDC Motor Drive

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Midhun Mathew John | Phejil K Paul, Liya Alias

Abstract

In this a new bridgeless isolated power factor correction (PFC)-based Cuk converter-fed brushless dc (BLDC) motor drive is introduced for power factor correction and reduction in total harmonic distortion of input current. Dc link voltage of the voltage source inverter (VSI) feeding the BLDC motor is varied for speed control. This allows the operation of VSI in fundamental frequency switching to achieve an electronic commutation of the BLDC motor for reduced switching losses. A bridgeless configuration of an isolated Cuk converter is derived for the elimination of the front-end diode bridge rectifier to reduce conduction losses in it. The proposed PFC-based bridgeless isolated Cuk converter is designed to operate in discontinuous inductor current mode to achieve an inherent PFC at the ac mains. The proposed system is simulated in MATLAB using PI controller and implemented to achieve unity power factor at the ac mains. An improved power quality is also achieved at ac mains with power quality indices within the limits of international standards.

Power Quality Improvement by Harmonic Mitigation using Hybrid Power Filter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mrs. Prajkta R. Gangurde | Prof. C.Veeresh, Prof.A.K.Shukla

Abstract

This paper re presents a proper method to mitigate harmonic in distribution and transmission system to improve the power quality. This include the hybrid power filter for mitigating the harmonic in the power system, the hybrid power filter is the combination of the voltage source inverter and the passive component like a capacitor and the inductor. The drawback of the active and the passive power filter is overcome by designing the hybrid power filter, the capability of harmonic mitigation can be increased with dc link voltage of the voltage source inverter. in this two method of implementation is adopted for harmonic mitigation in power system like hybrid mode and the passive mode , in passive mode the passive component is used in series such as capacitor and inductor and in hybrid mode the voltage source inverter is used along with the LC-filter . The power quality improvement and the reactive power control is also represented in this paper The analysis and MATLAB simulation give the proper solution to mitigate the harmonic in the distribution and the transmission system to improve the power quality.

Power Quality Improvement for Multiple Output SMPS Based On Bridgeless Converter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Jestin P J | Mrs.Preethi Sebastian, Mrs.Jeepa K J

Abstract

In this paper design, analysis and simulation of new power factor correction multiple output switched mode power supply based on bridgeless buck-boost converter is proposed. Conventional SMPS with diode bridge rectifier has disadvantages such as high distortion in input current and low power factor. In order to rectify this problem new bridgeless converter based SMPS is proposed. Comparing with conventional topologies the proposed topology improves power quality indices. The performance evaluation of multiple output SMPS is done by varying input voltage. The performance of this SMPS is simulated in MATLAB/simulink environment.

Power Quality Improvement Using Distribution Static Compensator (D-STATCOM)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Namrata Desai | Dr. Sudhir R. Paraskar

Abstract

Today, there is an increased demand among the consumers both domestic and industrial for the high quality and reliable power supply which has led to an increased awareness of power quality. Power quality is an occurrence of a non-standard voltage, current or frequency resulting in a failure or mis-operation of consumer end equipment. The various power quality issues are voltage sag/swell, harmonic distortion ,voltage fluctuation and low power factor. FACTS devices are used to solve power quality problems. D-STATCOM (Distribution Static Compensator) is one such type of FACTS device used to compensate or mitigate the power quality problems. This paper presents the MATLAB simulation model of D-SATCOM mitigating the power quality problem. The MATLAB version used is R2010.

Power Quality Improvement with Integration of PV / Battery Hybrid Energy Conversion System Using Hgicb DC-DC Converter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Snehalatha Penumalli | Mounika Irakamsetty , Venkata Sumanth Bogyam

Abstract

The photovoltaic(PV)/battery hybrid energy conversion system is integrated with grid along with (i) multi functional features of micro grid side bidirectional voltage source converter(?G-VSC) ,(ii) tight voltage regulation capability of battery converter,(iii) MPPT tracking performance of high gain integrated cascaded boost converter which is having quadratic gain and less current ripples. In this paper the PV side converter is controlled by MPPT,P&O algorithm. This paper also proposes a modified instantaneous symmetrical component theory along with a PI controller to the ?G-VSC in micro grid applications with following intelligent functionalities (a) to feed the generated active power in proportional to irradiation levels into the grid (b) compensation of the reactive power, (c) load balancing and (d) mitigation of current harmonics generated by non-linear loads, if any, at the point of common coupling (PCC), thus enabling the grid to supply only sinusoidal current at unity power factor. The battery energy storage system (BESS) is regulated to balance the power between PV generation and utility grid. A new control algorithm is also proposed in this paper for the battery converter with tight DC link voltage regulation capability. The dynamic performance of battery converter is investigated and compared with conventional average current mode control (ACMC). A model of a hybrid PV Energy Conversion System is developed and simulated in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment. The effectiveness of the proposed control strategies for HGICB converter and ?G-VSC with battery energy conversion system are validated through extensive simulation studies.

Power Quality in Distribution System using Automatic On-Load Tap Changer(Oltc)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 15th June 2017

V.Preethi | N.S.Priyanka,M.Mahalakshmi,G.Priyadarshini

Abstract

This project mainly focused on distribution of quality of power. The main criteria required for all the devices is the voltage. It plays vital role in a power quality. In this project it is planned to provide a transformer with multiple taps and selecting the taps required for the moment will be automatically selected by the on-load changeover system which is operated by the controller. In this project as a project model computer acts as a controller with the aid of the Csoftware. In this project voltage transducers are used to sense the voltage and ADC to convert into digital signals. These digital signals arte interfaced with computer which in turns operates the on load tap changers. Suitable taps are selected and its drive relays are operated by the computer through opto-coupler and switching transistors

Power System Stability Enhancement Using UPFC

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Nishigandha Ingale | Prashant Jagtap

Abstract

FACTS devices have different applications in power system related to operation and control of power system, such as scheduling power flow; damping the power oscillations and enhancing transient stability. It is proved that the FACTS devices are very much effective in power flow control and damping out the swing of the system during fault. Among all FACTS devices the UPFC most popular controller due to its wide area control over power both active and reactive, it also gives the system to be used for its maximum thermal limit. Oscillations in power system are major problem related to power system. This oscillations make the system unstable and system may collapse. To avoid this problem development of FACTS device is very much popular form last few years. Unified Power Flow Controller is one of the facts device use to damp the oscillations and system stability enhancement. The UPFC is the most flexible FACTS equipments. UPFC perform the functions of the static synchronous compensator (STATCOM), thyristor switched capacitor (TSC) , thyristor controlled reactor (TCR), and the phase angle regulator offering the flexibility for the static and dynamic operation of the power network. It controls all the electrical variables of the transmission network.

Power System Stability Improvement using Thyristor Switched Series Capacitor Facts Device

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Bhushan D. Deotale | Dr. Sudhir R. Paraskar

Abstract

Today power systems play an important role in supplying energy to meet rise in load demand. But this increase in energy is not sufficient to meet the increase in power demand. Alternatively if we installed new power plants than we have to installed new transmission lines in which the cost rises. Due to increase in the power demand continuously and with the deregulation of electricity in the market it is necessary to load the lines up to its maximum thermal limit known as steady state stability limit. It is the maximum flow of power without losing synchronism. This thermal stability limit is limited by transient stability limit. Hence to improve transient stability limit we use facts devices and here series facts device thyristor switched series capacitor is used. It is a discrete control device and the proposed controller is designed. In this paper transient stability of IEEE 9 bus, 3 machine system is designed under severe disturbance under MATLAB Simulink.

Predictive Voltage Control of Transformer less Dynamic Voltage Restorer for Sag Compensation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

R.N.Sarada Bai | P.Munisekhar

Abstract

This paper presents a predictive voltage con- trol scheme for the effective control of a transformerless dynamic voltage restorer (TDVR). This control scheme uti- lizes the discrete model of a voltage source inverter and an interfacing filter for the generation of the switching strat- egy of inverter switches. Predictive voltage control algo- rithm-based TDVR tracks the reference voltage effectively and maintains load voltages sinusoidal during various volt- age disturbances as well as load conditions. Moreover, this scheme does not require any linear controller or modulation technique. Simulation and experimental results are presented to verify the performance of the proposed scheme.

PSO Based Fuzzy Stochastic Long-term Model for Deployment of Distributed Energy Resources in Distribution Systems with Several Objectives

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Y N Vijaya Kumar | S.Senthil

Abstract

This paper presents a particle swarm optimization (PSO) based fuzzy stochastic long term approach for determining optimum location and size of distributed energy resources (DERs). The Monte Carlo simulation method is used to model the uncertainties associated with long-term load forecasting. A proper combination of several objectives is considered in the objective function. Reduction of loss and power purchased from the electricity market, loss reduction in peak load level, and reduction in voltage deviation are simultaneously considered as the objective functions. At first these objectives are fuzzified and designed to be comparable with each other, then they are introduced to a PSO algorithm in order to obtain the solution which maximizes the value of integrated objective function. The output power of DERs is scheduled for each load level. An enhanced economic model is also proposed to justify investment on DER. IEEE 30-bus radial distribution test system is used as an illustrative example to show the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Quasi-economic Feasibility Studies of Solar Rooftops in Cities Using the Optimal- Case Fermi Estimation Technique

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Aditya Anilkumar | Phalgun Madhusudan

Abstract

A large majority of the industrial and working population of developing countries like India live in cities, especially metropolitan centres like Bangalore. Also, a vast amount of power is consumed in such cities. These factors coupled with the ageing infrastructure of transmission and distribution systems in India give a highly unstable power system structure. Also, there is a vast distance between the load centres like the cities and the generating stations. The growing urban loads tax the already overloaded infrastructure and lead to increased loss, drop in reliability, increased failure rates and possibilities of blackouts and heavy maintenance cost. It also escalates the need for replacement. But given the current economic scenario, one can easily ascertain that such a nation-wide restructuring and replacement of power system hardware is virtually impossible. The best possible solution to such a technoeconomic crisis is by making the consumers generate electricity locally, by means of rooftop solar panels (PV). But such a system is in its infancy around the world and not many residents can afford such a system today in India. A proposal is made, in this paper for the government to sponsor the setting up of solar PVs over every house that has the necessary minimum requirements. The economic analysis of such a decision has been made with a robust mathematical technique called the Optimal Case Fermi methodology. Also, the technical aspects of such a move, namely, the reduction in burden on the grid have been calculated.

Real Time Analysis Mitigation of Inrush Current Generated by Power Transformer to Improve Power Quality on the System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Praveen S.Dhande | Prof. Radharaman Shaha

Abstract

This inrush current is generated typically in unloaded power transformers and at times can attain the value of around 10 times the full load value. In this method it is proposed to use a voltage source PWM converter which is to be connected in series to the transformer that will produce a dynamic resistor in series with transformer and reduce inrush current. This method will be validated using MATLAB Simulations. It is expected that the proposed method removes inrush current substantially .It is expected that this strategy will be easier to implement because it has simple control method and requires no information of the transformer parameters, power on angle circuit breaker and measurement of residual flux and so on.

Real Time Parameter Monitoring and Protection of Transformer by Using Arduino

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

S.M.Patil | V.V.Fage, S.S.Havale , S.R.Rananavare, P.P.Pujari, Mr.K.H.Shedbalkar

Abstract

the aim of the project is to monitor the real time parameters of transformer by using Arduino and to protect the transformer from disfunctioning due to the overloading currents, voltage fluctuations and over-heating of transformers oil. Faults and excessive increase in load can lead to the malfunction, insulation breakdown and complete failure of transformer that can cause the blackout.

Reduction of harmonic component in voltage sourced circuits using IGBT?s and diode?s using PWM technique

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Rajesh Maharudra Patil | Dr. M S Nagaraj , Dr. P S Venkataramu

Abstract

In this paper, the reduction of harmonic component in voltage sourced circuits using IGBT’s and diode’s using PWM technique and improve the power quality is presented. Simulations are performed in the Matlab-Simulink environment & the simulation results are obtained. The results shows the efficacy of the method developed for harmonic suppression in the power electronics based systems.

Reforesting Aerial Vehicle

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Shidhar S. Kanapanavar | Abhishek Bharat Bhoje , Yuvraj Kiran Kashid, Umar Mulani

Abstract

Deforestation is today's most serious problem all over the world. Due to excessive popularization & industrialization, forest area's are getting destructed in massive ratio. Not only forests are getting destructed, it is leading to spoil the biodiversity system. Almost all Asian territory is facing unplanned climate seasons over past few years. It's also leading to global warming also. To avoid deforestation, many of developed countries have implemented some innovative ways & one most useful & popular way for reforestation is showering & spreading the seeds over forest area from real aircrafts & it has achieved a huge success. But still it's affordable & possible for developed countries only, to make use of real aircraft for this purpose . As India is developing country, we are proposing here the innovative & alternative solution if reforestation with help of drones. As our idea is to make a UAV drone capable of carrying a small seed bag & dropping those seeds over the preplanned area. This drone uses the GPS assistance system, so it can maintain its boundaries & coordinates accurately. It saves a huge cost of real aircraft & pilots fares.

Relative Wireless Rash Driving Detection System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Bharath M | Jyothi Narayanpur, Shashank Prabhu, Laxmi Badiger

Abstract

The main aim of this project is to implement a rash-driving-detection system in cities that alerts traffic control authorities wirelessly in case of speed violation by any vehicle. Nowadays, accidents are taking place frequently in the cities due to over speeding of vehicles resulting in many casualties. In the current systems, to detect rash driving, policemen use a handheld radar gun to record vehicle speed. Our proposed system fulfills that requirement through wireless mechanism as it consists of two blocks: transmitter and receiver; both use a microcontroller of the 8051 family and a rectified-power supply. This project consists of an RF transceiver module operating at 2.4 GHz. Relative Rash driving is detected by the sensor which is interfaced to the microcontroller at the transmitting end and by using the appropriate control signals and equipments, the traffic authorities are notified.

Research Work on Conversion of Environmental Waste to Energy - Electrical Energy

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

B.Rajasekhar | Sri Vidya vydhyanadhan

Abstract

Waste the term which is usually creates a feeling of untidiness and unused matter in environment/ society. We know that now a day’s consumption of Electric energy is majorly employed in every industry, companies, domestics, etc. and it very essential for all. We know that present resources and fossil fuels are getting extinct. So, there is a necessity to find the alternative ways for production of electricity. This project deals with great applications and management of the waste in an eco-friendly manner. The process of producing electric energy from the waste and utilization of its by-products such as fly ash bricks, manure, and gasification are discussed.

Review & Study Paper of Vortex Windmill

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 31st May 2017

Kushagra Gambhir | Divyesh Gothadiya,Masum Patel

Abstract

Wind energy has become a genuine source of energy over the past few years as larger, more efficient turbine designs have produced increasing amount of power. Transportation is increasingly challenging because of the size of the components: individual blades and tower requires specialized trucks and straight wide roads. Today’s wind turbines are also incredibly top heavy. As the weight and height increase, the material cost of wider, stronger support towers, as well as the cost of maintaining components attached so far from the ground, are cutting into the efficiency benefits for larger turbines.

Review of Wind Mills

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Shubham Langote | Sanjay Rede, Manjusha Nalawade , Atul Aradhye

Abstract

There are number of sources for generation of power but in the recent years wind energy shown its potential as the clean source of energy and contributing to the high energy demands of the world. In this paper we present an historical background of wind turbine and over view on its type .review of wind mills topic are chosen because wind energy is renewable resource and wind energy is cheap and is largely dependent upon manufacturing, distribution and building of turbines. Wind turbine having main two types that is horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) and vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT). The horizontal axis wind turbine cannot be used for household purpose; it required more space for installation.

Review& Study Paper of New Technology in Electrical Traction System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Masum P Patel | Vipul M Patel , Dave Dhaval B

Abstract

The paper consists of the study about the electrical traction system. First of the major things in train is safety then speed. Afterwards comfort zone. It is automation due to technology. Which improve in day-to-day life? It has the radio frequency system. There different kinds of traction system used in the new generation of INDIA. Today there are different kinds of up gradations also available in the traction system. The maglev train, Tubular train, Bullet train are the different kinds of new technology in traction system, which gives us safety as well as speed. The Maglev train is working on the concept of Magnetic levitation, The new technology of Tubular train also use full for traction system. The operation of the tubular rail is based on electromagnets. The electromagnets are placed in some distance which is of tube shape. The installation of this project is costly the main advantage is that if speeds the life. The paper shows that the different kinds of electrical traction system & new up gradation in the traction system.

RFID Based Lecture Wise Attendance System for Teachers

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Vaishnavi V. Jadhav | Pooja S. Balurgi , Namrata D. Patil, Mayuri C. Kumbhar , Mrs.A.N.Naik

Abstract

Nowadays in colleges or schools only daily attendance system is available for teacher. There is no any provision for the lecture wise attendance system which hammers the growth of student as well as organization. If any lecturer wants to go outside the campus during working hours he has to put a movement in the register. This system is manual and time consuming. And due to such system some lecturers are not punctual about the lecture timing and also higher authority do not get update about the lectures .To overcome this problem we propose this system. The sole of our project is RFID technology. It has much more advantages like safe, easy and cost effective which is used for identification of physical objects using radio frequency. This system provides all information about presence of teachers during lecture to the authority and also this information collected in Database. Our proposed system helps to enrich the graph of organization.

Robot Sensor Data Platform to Measure Interactive Reactions to a Human

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Harish Revankar | Abhishek Priyadarshi, Sanket Pattar, Arjun Basutkar

Abstract

This study investigates a methodology using sensor data from a humanoid robot to interpret a human’s feelings towards a social interaction with the robot. Subjects of diverse backgrounds taught the robot how to play a rock-paper-scissors game while the robot discreetly took measures of hand temperature, tactile pressure, forces, and face distance. Before and after the interaction, surveys were administered to measure the subject’s technophobia level and reactions to the robot. Several correlations were found between the questionnaire data and sensor data, following tendencies supported by previous research and psychological studies. The usage of robot sensor data may provide a quick, natural, and discreet alternative to survey data to analyze user feelings towards a social interaction with a humanoid robot. These results may also guide roboticists on the design of humanoid robots and sensors able to measure and react to their users.

SCADA in Transmission Line

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Lalitha M | Haritha Patil , Dr.Pradeep B Jyoti, Ms.Malini K V

Abstract

Transmission line equivalent circuit parameters are often 25% to 30% in error as compared to values measured by the SCADA system. These errors cause the economic dispatch to be wrong, and lead to increased costs or incorrect billing. The parameter errors also affect contingency analysis, short circuit analysis, distance relaying, machine stability calculations, transmission planning, and state estimator analysis. An economic example is used to demonstrate the affect of transmission line errors. SCADA measurements from several utilities are used to compute the 'real world' value of the transmission line parameters. State estimation with the estimated parameters is compared to the computations using the theoretical values.

Seismic Response of Multi Storey RC Building with Isolators Using SAP2000

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Krishnagadha S.J | Bindu Biju

Abstract

Earthquakes are one amongst nature’s greatest hazards; throughout historic time they have caused significant loss of life and severe damage to property, especially to man-made structures. A large proportion of world’s population lives in regions of seismic hazards. The application of the base isolation techniques to protect structures against damage from earthquake attacks has been considered as one of the most effective approaches and has gained increasing acceptance during the last two decades. Seismic isolation system consists of the installation mechanisms which isolates the structure from the base by providing seismic isolators. The seismic isolation system is mounted beneath the superstructure and is referred as ‘Base Isolation’. The main purpose of the base isolation device is to minimize the horizontal acceleration transmitted to the superstructure. Base isolation is very promising technology to protect different structures like building, bridges, airport terminals and nuclear power plants etc. from seismic excitation. This work pertains to the study of a G+8 storeyed hospital building. To compare the seismic effects of fixed base structure with respect to isolated structure, the building was analysed using response spectrum and Time history(El-Centro, having magnitude 6.9)methods. When the fixed frame structure was analyzed, the top storey displacement, base shear, inter storey drifts and end moments were found to be beyond the limits of IS1983-2002. Inorder to reduce them, LRB(Lead Rubber Bearing) base isolators were installed at the base of the building. The report also includes the comparative study of the building with and without isolators.

Self Recharging Electric Vehicles using Rodin Coil A Path to Infinity

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ajay.R | Monisha.M.V

Abstract

This paper proposes an idea called self recharging electric vehicles using Rodin coil. Here the conventional ignition system is replaced with electric motor drive and controller. Basically Rodin coils are toroidal shaped structure capable of producing tremendous free energy to the infinite. This technology uses vortex mathematics as the means by which the energy flows itself mathematically. So these rodin coils eliminates the need for recharging the battery again as these coils itself produces excess power, so that it can be simultaneously used for driving the motor controller and recharging the battery again in addition to the regenerative braking.

Setup of an Arduino Based GIC Monitoring System And Study of GIC Variation at Ground Level

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Boyanapalli Bharath Kumar | Diptanu Dey, Sanjib Das, Dr. Priyanath Das

Abstract

This paper deals with the setup of Arduino based monitoring system. In this paper, we calculated the amount of Geomagnetically Induced currents (GIC) in the power lines during normal conditions and during recent G1-class geomagnetic storm conditionsoccurred on November 2016. The selected site for this measurement was NIT Agartala Substation located in West Tripura, India. GIC will be induced due to the change in the magnetic field of the earth because of the geomagnetic disturbances (GMD) caused due to the solar flares. We calculated this change in the earth’s magnetic field during the normal condition and during the recent magnetic storm condition. For this calculation we used a small magnetic field sensing chip called HMC5883L. This integrated chip (IC) senses the changes in the magnetic field. Since this IC is a 3-Axis chip it gives the value of magnetic field in X, Y, Z directions. We interfaced this chip with Arduino UNO and a program was implemented to make this chip sense the magnetic field variation. The readings are noted at two different points, i.e. One point was at under power lines and another was at a distance from the power lines. The readings were taken both at normal conditions and during the storm conditions. During the storm conditions the geomagnetic field was increased upto 360 uT under the power lines compare with the measured value under the power lines during the normal conditions.The difference in the magnetic field infers the GIC induced in the power lines. In this paper, we provided the setup of an Arduino based magnetic field measurement system and the measured range of GIC in the power lines.

Simulation And Analysis Of Smart Solar Tunnel Dryer

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prof. BindhuPrakash | Renjith G, Rajesh A V , Midhun T S, Nahas H, FathimaNavas, ReshmaRajendran, Vinitha V A

Abstract

The PV model of the solar cell is designed and developed using Matlab/Simulink. Simplified analytic formulae are derived that describes the four-parameter model. The characteristics of the PV model are obtained by simulation, which is useful for analysis and MPPT algorithmic simulations. This simulation consists of PV module comprising of cells in series and parallel alignment array of cells that are apt for testing on the MPPT based algorithms. This is applied for PV characteristics and MPPT tracking of applications using solar cells. Additional converter circuit is implemented for working of mechanical and electrical devices implemented within the main set-up. A boost converter used for this purpose. Additionally a field controlled dc motor is used for speed controlling.

Simulation And Implementation of Single Phase to Three Phase Converter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Dolly Deka | Mr. Tilok Baruah , Dr. Chhotan Sahu

Abstract

This paper presents a single phase to three phase conversion technique. The purpose is to develop electronic converters suitable to supply consumers in rural or remote areas. In this paper, explain how three phase inductive load is run by a single phase supply by using rectifier, boost converter and three phase inverter. Sinusoidal pulse width modulation technique is used to generate the gate pulses which are used to fire the switches of inverter. Simulation is carried out using SIMULATION SOFTWARE.

Simulation Of Bridgeless Resonant Pseudo boost PFC Rectifier

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Rajesh AV | Kannan suresh, Renjith G , Amina E, Arya MG , Arya MK , Veena M

Abstract

Proposed Pseudoboost rectifier is used for natural power factor correction due to their advantages of less componen4t count, high power density,less conduction loss and high efficiency. Power supplies with active power factor correction (PFC) techniques are becoming necessary for many types of electronic equipment to meet harmonic regulation and standards.This paper compared with conventional topology because of absence of input diode bridge and the presence of only one diode in the current path, thus improved the thermal management.To achieve an automatic power factor correction close to unity the topology work in resonant mode , which have the additional advantages such as zero- current turn- on in active switches and Zero- current turn-off in the output diodes which reduce complexity of the circuit. MATLAB/SIMULINK is used to obtain the simulation.

Slip Gain Tuning of Induction Motor Induction using Model Reference Adaptive Control

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Khan Abdul Hakim Mohd Murtuza | Bindu. R

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to regulate the speed of an indirect vector controlled induction motor (IVCIM) drive using Fuzzy logic controller based Model Reference Adaptive Control (MRAC). The design and configuration of a fuzzy logic controller (FLC) based MRAC for induction motor drive is presented. The MATLAB/SIMULINK software is used to implement the PI and fuzzy logic controller based MRAC. Finally the performance of PI and FLC-MRAC based induction motor drive is compared at dynamic load conditions to verify the robustness of the FLC-MRAC.

Smart Automatic Energy Billing and Power Unplug System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 12th June 2017

N.Suriya |  R.M.Bommi,J.Vijay, R.Narmadha, V.Malathi

Abstract

Electrical power has become indispensable to human survival and progress. Apart from efforts to meet growing demand, automation in the energy distribution is also necessary to enhance people’s life standard. So there is augmented demand for Automatic Meter Reading (AMR) systems which collect meter reading automatically, and its appliance is expanding over manufacturing, viable and service environment. Design of an Electric Energy Meter for long-distance data information regarding Electricity consumption, which is based upon IoT method is proposed in . In this work, the front end is User friendly and any employee with minimum knowledge of computers can work on this software. Employees can read the meter by sitting in their office. Some broadcast protocols in wired/wireless approach were introduced so far to examine digital meters distantly at dissimilar area of India. In this scenario the utilization of existing IOT network for metering in India will be a cost effective method for all class of people. The Digital watt hour meters are IOT based meters which replaced conventional electromechanical meters. A IoT based meter is used in this to evaluate the electricity expenditure of multiple user in a suburban area. A master PC at the control centre was used to propel commands to a remote meter, which in revolve transmitted data back, using the IOT. The programming language used for developing the software is Embedded C /Assembly.

Smart Electricity Management System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prof. Pravin G. Dhawale | Harshada S. Patil, Smita S. Shahapure, Jyoti A. Kavare, Shital S. Devake, Minal A. Bandgar

Abstract

The main aim of this paper is to develop a system that will measure, control and minimize power loss so that electricity will be available for 24 hrs to the consumer’s .This is the advanced system. It reduces the drawback of the present system adopted by different electricity boards & Distribution Company. This paper concentrates how to calculate the bill at consumer side and display the same units & their respective bill on LCD. This display will be available to customer side as well as at supplier side. By adopting this system we are able to manage electricity distribution effectively and maintain the reliability of the supply.

Smart Energy Meter with Real Time Monitoring System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Jiju Jacob | Archa Nanda R, Ananthu V, Anit Sebastian, Antony Joseph

Abstract

India is currently witnessing a revolution in the field of electricity metering, where electronic energy meters are fast replacing the conventional Ferraris meters. Energy metering is essential at all places where electricity is consumed, i.e. at homes, offices, shops, farms, workshops, factories, etc. Nowadays the wastage of energy is increased due to unawareness of energy usage. So there is a need of real time energy monitoring equipment which helps the consumers to know about how much energy they had used and what the cost of energy usage. Smart energy meter give you greater insight into how much energy we use compared with standard energy meter. With this knowledge, we can take positive steps to save more of energy at home. They help to make informed discussions about the energy we use. This can have a positive impact on our level of consumption and on the amount of money we spent.

Smart Home Energy Management System Using DSM Incorporating Load Forecasting

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Chithra. A. S | Aju. S. Nair

Abstract

This paper aims at developing a Smart Home Energy Management System using Demand Side Management (DSM) incorporating load forecasting. Here energy management is achieved by the DSM techniques such as peak clipping and load shifting. Peak clipping is achieved by a microcontroller based circuit that uses zigbee for data transfer and load shifting is attained manually through a control panel with a keyboard and a display. The choice of which DSM technique is to be used could be selected by the consumer. Moreover, the load cutting is made either on priority basis or on consumption basis. Thus the system is made simple and user friendly and it is capable of providing proper energy management without cutting down the occupant comfort. The reliability of the system is improved by incorporating the short term load forecasting system. Efforts are also made in this paper to develop a cost effective system. Keywords - Energy management system, Zigbee, Matlab, Proteus, Demand side management, load forecasting, fuzzy logic, Smart Home Energy Management System.

Smart Library Book Management System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 16th June 2017

Madhur Gupta | Sneha Sanjay Jadhav,Vydeki D

Abstract

In recent years, RFID technology has replaced the bar code system or a magnetic strip on the back of credit cards. This paper proposes a smart library book management system that uses Radio frequency waves to transfer data from a tag attached to the book. The incorporation of RFID technology in a library helps reduce human intervention and has been designed to support the librarian as well as the user. Raspberry Pi and RFID reader(s) are attached to each book rack to detect the correct positioning of the books. A MySQL database has been created, that contains information of the books in the library. A web page is also designed to display the location of the misplaced books that helps the librarian.

Smart Refrigerator with Specific Temperature Sensing Using Fuzzy Controller

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Sravani Dhara | Siddharth Raghavendran,G.Thamarai Selvi

Abstract

Refrigerator temperatures do not destroy pathogenic or spoilage microorganisms. The lower temperature does, however, slow the growth of microorganisms already in the food. Perishable food will deteriorate, even at refrigerator temperatures, due to spoilage microorganisms, enzymes and oxidation. Time and temperature are important factors in food quality. Proper storage conditions - temperature and humidity - are required to maximize storage life and maintain quality of harvested fruits and vegetables. Fresh fruit need low temperature and high relative humidity to reduce the respiration and slow down the metabolic processes. Some foods, including milk, meats and leftovers, should be kept colder than others. Food that is properly handled and stored in the freezer at 0° F (-18° C) will remain safe. Specific temperature is maintained at each segment of the fridge using optimum temperature control.

Smart Shopping Facilitator For Blind

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Noel James | Dennis Koshy Sam,Roncy Anie Cheriyan,Sherin Elizhabeth Babu

Abstract

This project aims on assisting the visually impaired people for being self-reliant and self-sufficient. It facilitates easy shopping, saves customers’ time and promotes business sales. The facilitator is mounted on the trolleys available in the super markets. Here we make use of RFID technology which is the simplest and most efficient technology for object detection and identification while shopping. The RFID technology consists of RFID Reader and RFID Tags. RFID Tags will be mounted on the shelves in the shops which are powered by the RFID Reader while making contact. An audio module APR9600IC is used here. It is interfaced with the PIC16F877A. The RFID Reader detects the object, identifies it and converts it to a unique EPIC (Electronic Product Identification Code) with the help of the audio module. The audio file, furnishing the details of the identified product corresponding to the code is played to the user with the help of a speaker. If the user requires the identified product the user can press the switch which will direct it to billing system via a ZigBee.

Smart Stick for Blind Using Raspberry Pi

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ms. Mamatha G M | Ms. Saipriya M , Mr. Bhavani Singh , Mr. Legeswaran , Mr. Devaraj S

Abstract

A Smart stick system concept is devised to provide a smart electronic aid for blind people. Blind and visually impaired people find difficulties in detecting obstacles during walking in the street. The system is intended to provide artificial vision and object detection, real time assistance via GPS by making use of Raspberry Pi. The system consists of ultrasonic sensors, GPS module, and the feedback is receive through audio, voice output works through TTS (text to speech). The proposed system detects an object around them and sends feedback in the form of speech, warning messages via earphone and also provides navigation to specific location through GPS. The aim of the overall system is to provide a low cost and efficient navigation and obstacle detection aid for blind which gives a sense of artificial vision by providing information about the environmental scenario of static and dynamic object around them, so that they can walk independently.

Smart Vehicle with Automatic Speed Regulation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Anu S Pillai | Akhila T J,Shibinlal S,Raymond D Harock,Rekha T

Abstract

The major threat faced by today’s world is increasing number of accidents. Nowadays people are driving very fast; we lost our valuable life by making small mistake while driving (school zone, hills area, and highways). So in order to avoid such kind of accidents and to alert the drivers and to control their vehicle speed in such kind of places the highway department have placed the signboards. But sometimes it may be possible to view that kind of signboards and there is a chance for accident. In this paper we are controlling the speed of two wheelers. This paper is composed of two separate units: zone status transmitter unit and receiver (speed display and control) unit. Once the information is received from the zones, the vehicle’s embedded unit automatically alerts the driver, to reduce the speed according to the zone, it waits for few seconds, and otherwise vehicle’s speed control unit automatically reduces the speed.

SMS Based Wireless Digital Notice Board

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Saloni B.Mane | Snehal V. Magdum , Radhika P.Bhosale , Kiran B. Mhakave , Amar S. Kolhapure

Abstract

Notice board is primary thing in any institution or public utility places like bus stop, railway station or parks. At present when information has to be updated in notice board it has to be done manually. This project deals with advanced notice board. It presents an SMS based notice board incorporating the widely used GSM to facilitate communication of displaying message on notice board via user’s mobile phone. Its operation is based on microcontroller ATmega328 programmed in c language. So in short GSM module which is located at digital notice board receives the messages from authorized users and displayed on notice board .Hence user or registered person can be able to send the message from any location.

Solar Car-Main Grid Interface Model Using Phase Lock Loop

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Sarah Ansari | Shadab Razi

Abstract

Renewable resources of energy for generation of electricity are the common trend in today’s world. Of these, solar energy occupies a paramount position as a source of abundant and continuous renewable energy with a variety of applications. Solar cars are one of the most important inventions. The paper aims at making use of the surplus solar energy stored in the batteries of the solar cars. The specific strategy is to prepare a model of the interface between the main grid and a fleet of ten to fifteen solar cars. This interface employs phase locked loop which locks the phase of the signals coming from the batteries of the solar cars with that from the main grid. The paper provides simulation result of the interface control model.

Solar Energy for Rural Areas

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Dhanashree Pathak | 

Abstract

Solar energy is the renewable energy which is one of the never - ending resource. The present scenario in India is that in rural areas there is still scarcity in electricity .and the electricity is only available for few hours and few days. Due to simple lifestyle of living they face difficulties in completing their daily day to day tasks. But with the proper technologies to utilise solar energy we can surely reduce their efforts. By using new technologies we can use100% sun energy efficiently.

Solar Photovoltaic Pesticides Sprayer

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Sateesh.N.Dodamani | Rudresh.B.Magadum , Vinay J Shetty , Radhika Halsode , Sahilkumar Rana

Abstract

Energy is the basic need of human being. We are interested to turn science into green science by using nonconventional sources of energy. Sun emits solar radiation, which can be converted into electricity with the help of solar panels. This generated electricity can be further utilized to perform mechanical work. Farmer is the heart of Indian Economy and our research gives support by making farmer friendly solar operated pesticide sprayer pump. A Solar Operated Pesticide Sprayer is a pump running on electricity generated by photovoltaic panels or the thermal energy available from collected sunlight as opposed to grid electricity or diesel run water pumps. The size of the PV-system is directly dependent on the size of the pump, the amount of water that is required and the solar radiation available. In agriculture, spraying of pesticides is an important task to protect the crops from insects for obtaining high yield. Hence the system can be easily operated and there is no need of additional labourers which increases the efficiency of farmers.

Solar Powered Sliding Gate Semi Automation of Educational Institute

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prof. Devendra Gowda | Shubham Mane , Snehal Patil , Raju Randhir, Shraddha Sangave, Kuber Patil

Abstract

This paper proposes the new control strategy for semi automation gate using solar energy. Semi automatic gate is mostly used in industries, Apartments, Hotels, colonies, colleges and schools. The objective of this paper is to overcome the problem in manually operated entrance gate, which requires more effort to open and close the gate and requires man power. So with respect to this a design for the semi automation sliding gate with the application of solar has been implemented. The main objectives in this paper is to develop a new mechanism with reference to the renewable energy which is safe easily available and to operate at any crucial conditions. In this paper rack and pinion mechanism are used to operate gate. This paper, it also mainly consists of design aspects such as analysis of a stress, load management, and design for selection of material, size of material etc. Therefore, the design is carried out in such way that the durability assessment results are significant to reduce the Cost and improve the over operating efficiency the product reliability.

Solar Powered Touch Screen Wheelchair

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Aishwarya V. Patil | Sharvari S. Desai , Shruti R. Kamble , Shweta P. Patil , Swapnali R.Gurav

Abstract

Many wheelchairs are available with various running technologies, but the cost is very high and it is not much effective. Mostly, the idea of building solar wheel chair is to overcome some disadvantages of the existing systems .Solar plays a very important role in our day to day life. In this paper it is discussed that how solar power is utilized for providing the power to the wheelchair, which will reduce the efforts of the handicapped person. The wheelchair is basic need of physically disabled persons. To move the wheelchair there is need of external person or person has to take lot of efforts. Our project is specifically related to the Smart Android phone handling the wheel chair system using android application. The purpose of selecting the android platform is that nowadays android mobile phones are commonly used. The user has to first get connected with the wheelchair with the help of application. This system allows the user to robustly interact with the wheelchair at different levels of the control (left, right, forward, backward and stop) and sensing. The other components that are required in the system are microcontroller, motor and sensors. The main motive is to let the system be more simple and efficient. The proposed system will be efficient in terms of cost and handling purpose. This project uses Arduino kit Microcontroller circuit and DC motors to create the movement of wheel chair and Sensors to detect the hurdles in between wheelchair and the way of direction.

Solar Powered Transmission Line Monitoring System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Sakshi Gajanan Jagtap | Mayuri Chandrakant Patil , Ankita Vilas Laykar , Prof.S.C.Deshmukh

Abstract

The transmission line is one of the important components in electrical power system, and its reliability and operational state are directly relevant to the safety of the system, likewise, it determines the quality and the stability of power supply. In the domestic electric industry, the management of the transmission line is still in the stage of patrol on foot, which is a relatively initial state. So it is difficult to meet the increasing reliability requirements and the need of smart grid’s development. High voltage transmission lines, especially for a long distance, often need to cross mountains. The whole line may be in different meteorological areas, which brings certain difficulties for the management of the line. Therefore, a smart system for the meteorological monitoring of transmission line based on GSM system is developed.

Solar Powered Transmission Line Monitoring System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Sakshi Gajanan Jagtap | Mayuri Chandrakant Patil, Ankita Vilas Laykar, Prof.S.C.Deshmukh

Abstract

The transmission line is one of the important components in electrical power system, and its reliability and operational state are directly relevant to the safety of the system, likewise, it determines the quality and the stability of power supply. In the domestic electric industry, the management of the transmission line is still in the stage of patrol on foot, which is a relatively initial state. So it is difficult to meet the increasing reliability requirements and the need of smart grid’s development. High voltage transmission lines, especially for a long distance, often need to cross mountains. The whole line may be in different meteorological areas, which brings certain difficulties for the management of the line. Therefore, a smart system for the meteorological monitoring of transmission line based on GSM system is developed.

Spectrum Handoff and Power ADAPTAION in MIMO-Mobile CRN

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

N.V.Jagadeesh Babu | K.Aparna

Abstract

Multiple Input and Multiple Output (MIMO) and Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) system have the potential to achieve a very high capacity relaying on the propagation environment. The main objective of this paper is to allocate resources on MOBILE-CRN using the adaptive resources allocation in MIMOOFDM system by using the water filling algorithm. Water filling solution is implemented to allocate power in order to decrease channel capacity for power consumption. A MOBILE -CRN-Advanced cooperative cellular network where a Type II relay station (RS) is deployed to boost the cell-edge throughput and extend the coverage area. To better exploit the existing resources, the RS and eNodeB (eNB) transmits in same channel (In-Band) with decode-and-forward relaying strategy. For such a type of network, in this paper we propose a joint Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) subcarrier and power allocation schemes to optimize downlink multi-user transmission efficiency.

Speed Control of Induction Motor Using DTCSVM & Monitoring Using PLC with Motor Protection

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Arun S Dev | Aleena Maria Isaac,Aswathi R,Atheena Francis,Vrinda V R,Mrs. Saritha M

Abstract

This paper examines the speed control of induction motors and monitoring of its parameters along with overload and overcurrent protection; proposing a single unit to execute the mentioned functions. The speed control of induction motors is necessary to reach the best efficiency of high speed electric drives besides its robustness and cheapness. Monitoring presents the result of complicated analysis to the user in a simple way by providing detailed diagnostic information for overload and overcurrent protection. Speed control is done using Direct Torque Control Space Vector Modulation (DTC-SVM) and monitoring using Programmable Logic Control (PLC). This paper provides a vectorial representation of speed control algorithm using SVM and a high accuracy monitoring control system by PLC incorporated with overload and overcurrent protection. This proposed system increases the versatility of existing conventional systems.

Star Configuration Based Control Method for Transformer less H-Bridge Cascaded Statcom

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Y. Nagendra | S.S.S. Deekshit , S.Sanjeeva Rayudu

Abstract

This paper presents a transformer less static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) system based on multilevel Hbridge converter with star configuration. This proposed control method devote themselves not only to the current loop control but also to the dc capacitor voltage control. With regards to the current loop control, a nonlinear controller based on the passivitybased control (PBC) theory is used in this cascaded structure STATCOM for the first time. As to the dc capacitor voltage control, overall voltage control is realized by adopting a proportional resonant controller. Clustered balancing control is obtained by using an active disturbances rejection controller. Individual balancing control is achieved by shifting the modulation wave vertically which can be easily implemented in a field-programmable gate array. Two actual H-bridge cascaded STATCOMs rated at 10 kV 2 MVA are constructed and a series of verification tests are executed. The experimental results prove that H-bridge cascaded STATCOM with the proposed control methods has excellent dynamic performance and strong robustness. The dc capacitor voltage can be maintained at the given value effectively. Index Terms—Active disturbances rejection controller (ADRC), H-bridge cascaded, passivity-based control (PBC), proportional resonant (PR) controller, shifting modulation wave, static synchronous compensator (STATCOM)

State of Art : Embedded Security Trends in Personal Recognition Systems

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Anil Jadhav | Bhagyashree Mendake

Abstract

Nowadays biometrics and embedded systems technologies bring the required means to face those security challenges in the current technological age. The electronic age points to the embedded security as one efficient solution for those applications where confidential treatment of the information is needed. Moreover, the genuine biometric characteristics of each individual become the most reliable features to be used as personal identifiers in front of the world, replacing those low-security tokens such as ID cards, PINs and passwords. Following this direction, the HW-SW co-design of a fingerprint-based personal recognition system embedded on a dynamically reconfigurable platform is suggested in this work. The selected system architecture provides the power to design these high performance applications at low cost.

State Of Art :Design Of Robotic Architecture With Brain Mapped Wheelchair For Intelligent System Control

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Sagar Deshpande | Nilesh Vernekar, Sahana G Murnal, Smita S Puranik

Abstract

Independent mobility is core to being able to per-form activities of daily living by oneself. However, powered wheelchairs are not an option for a large number of people who are unable to use conventional interfaces, due to severe motor– disabilities. For some of these people, non–invasive brain– computer interfaces (BCIs) offer a promising solution to this interaction problem and in this article we present a shared control architecture that couples the intelligence and desires of the user with the precision of a powered wheelchair. We show how four healthy subjects are able to master control of the wheelchair using an asynchronous motor–imagery based BCI protocol and how this results in a higher overall task performance, compared with alternative synchronous P300–based approaches

Static Hand Gesture Detection and Classification Using Contour Based Fourier Descriptor

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Mrs.Anjali R.Patil | Dr. Mrs. S. Subbaraman

Abstract

Hand gesture recognition is a vital task as its application ranges from human-machine interface to sign language recognition. This paper present the empirical results of static hand gesture detection based on well known technique used for shape detection using Fourier Descriptors (FDs). Fourier descriptors are important features for the classification of two-dimensional connected shapes. Further the classification is done using multiclass Support Vector Machine (SVM). The performance is evaluated on Sebstian Marcel Database and qualified to provide average classification accuracy of 93%.

Studies on PWM Inverter Employing SeriesConnected Capacitors Paralleled to a Single DC Voltage Source

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Rashmi D S | Pradipkumar Dixit

Abstract

This paper presents an effective circuit configuration of a multilevel inverter of single DC independent voltage source that can increase the number of output voltage levels with a less number of circuit components. To produce the output voltage levels the Seven-level pulse width modulation inverter consists of a single dc voltage source with a series of three capacitors, two diodes, three active switches and H-bridge cell. Here using modified switching strategy to solve the voltage unbalancing that occurred in series connected capacitors and THDv. MATLAB/Simulink software is used in the simulation and results are compared with the published data.

Study of Vector Controlled Induction Motor using Artificial Intelligence

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Aladalli Sharanabasappa | Dr. Pradeep B Jyoti, Ms.Malini K V

Abstract

Induction motor is termed as the main work horse of an industry. It is essential to obtain high efficiency and maximum torque, which can be achieved by controlling the speed of induction motor. This paper presents an integrated system for speed control of vector controlled induction motor (IM).the simulated result allows users to compare results between traditional and artificial intelligent controllers. Field control method is the present trend of speed controlling method, because of its high efficiency and better power factor. Artificial intelligence namely, Fuzzy Logic and Neural network controllers are also utilized to maintain the constant speed when the load varies. Speed controlling can be achieved by decoupling the speed and reference speed into torque and flux producing components. Simulated load is applied to an induction motor and analyzed for both constant and variable loads.

Suppression of Common Mode Voltage and Differential Mode Harmonics in Three Phase Inverter Using Hybrid Filter

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

C.Ganesh | S.Saradha , P.Haritha

Abstract

In this paper, a hybrid filter is presented to reduce the CM voltage (CMV) and the differ-ential-mode (DM) harmonics in a three-phase inverter with carrier peak position modulation (CPPM). Because the use of CPPM strategy in the inverter can ensure that the output CMV will be only two levels in any condition, the simple active CM filter (composed of a half-bridge circuit) in the hybrid filter can effectively suppress the output CMV and CM current. The passive filter in the hybrid filter consists of an added single tuned filter and the original DM low-pass filter. The single tuned filter is designed to lower the DM harmonics, which are aggravated by the CPPM strategy in the carrier frequency band. Through the experiments, the validity of CMV and DM harmonics suppression by the hybrid filter in the three-phase inverter is verified and the calculation-control active CM filter is proved to be the best in the optional schemes.

Suppression of Harmonic Resonance in Industrial Power Systems Using Hybrid active filter With Variable Conductance

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Baya Reddy | S.Muqthiar Ali , S. Vishnu Vardhan

Abstract

Unintentional series and/or parallel resonances, due to the tuned passive filter and the line inductance, may result in severe harmonic distortion in the industrial power system. This paper presents a hybrid active filter to suppress harmonic resonance and to reduce harmonic distortion. The proposed hybrid filter is operated as variable harmonic conductance according to the voltage total harmonic distortion; therefore, harmonic distortion can be reduced to an acceptable level in response to load change or parameter variation of the power system. Since the hybrid filter is composed of a seventh-tuned passive filter and an active filter in series connection, both dc voltage and KVA rating of the active filter are dramatically decreased compared with the pure shunt active filter. In real application, this feature is very attractive since the active power filter with fully power electronics is very expensive. A reasonable tradeoff between filtering performances and cost is to use the hybrid active filter. Design considerations are presented, and experimental results are provided to validate effectiveness of the proposed method. Furthermore, this paper discusses filtering performances on line impedance, line resistance, voltage unbalance, and capacitive filters.

Target Tracking using RSSI In WSN

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Anuradha R.Lohar | S.A.Khandekar

Abstract

In many wireless sensor network applications like target tracking recovery operation, catastrophic management, & environmental monitoring the position estimation is a crucial element. When talking about the success of localization technique the localization accuracy is the most important factor to be considered. The RSSI range based localization algorithms is simple and cost effective localization technique that relies on measuring the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) for distance estimation. This paper present research & development of tracking system using RSSI, KF & UKF.The proposed system is an efficient solution for tracking the object

The SCALABALITY of NANOFIBRES in Energy Stratum

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prof.Malini K V | Ms. R. Gunasekari, Yeshwanth ,Mohan Kumar

Abstract

Today the major challenge in the technological field is of the provision of energy which is the key factor for the automation and development of the country. The usage of the fossil fuel based energy and the conventional sources to be minimized and a greater emphasis is on harnessing the renewable energy which is abundantly available in the nature. This transition requires the technology and adaptation. Hence improving the energy intensity and per capita consumption drives the economy of the country thereby making the country green. The increase in the energy efficiency reflects the nation’s economy. The gap in the demand and supply is creating a pressure on reducing the energy consumption in one of the sectors like transportation which accounts to 20% of the world’s total primary energy consumption and produces much of the world’s population. The provision of nano technology in industry provides increased production efficiencies and in renewable energy sector it balances the usage of the sources. The chain of energy sector is benefitted with the application of inventions in nano technology. The various benefits are observed from the application of nanotechnology based products and each part of the energy chain. Basically, Nanotechnology is the creation of useful materials, devices and systems of any size .The nano scale materials exhibits unique mechanical, electronic, photonic and magnetic properties. This results in the applications of nano materials in the development of energy sources , conversion of energy, transmission and distribution of energy, energy storage and energy usage.

Transformer Coupled Bidirectional DC-DC Converter for Grid-Connected PV-Wind-Battery

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Dr.M.Padma lalitha | N,Sree ramula reddy , N.Gurutheja

Abstract

The control strategy for power flow management of a grid-connected hybrid PV-wind-battery based system with an efficient multi-input transformer coupled bidirectional dc-dc converter is presented. The proposed system aims to satisfy the load demand, manage the power flow from different sources, inject surplus power into the grid and charge the battery from grid as and when required. A transformer coupled boost half-bridge converter is used to harness power from wind, while bidirectional buck-boost converter is used to harness power from PV along with battery charging/discharging control. A single-phase full-bridge bidirectional converter is used for feeding ac loads and interaction with grid. The proposed converter architecture has reduced number of power conversion stages with less component count, and reduced losses compared to existing grid-connected hybrid systems. This improves the efficiency and reliability of the system. Simulation results are obtained using MATLAB/Simulink show the performance of the proposed control strategy for power flow management under various modes of operation.

Transmission Line Fault Detection Based On Wavelet Transform

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Preethi Manivannan | Pawan Chandrakant Tapre , C.Veeresh

Abstract

The paper describes a very accurate fault location technique which uses post-fault voltage and current derived at both line ends. Firstly, the simulation is carried out in MATLAB to obtain the fault voltages and currents at both ends of a transmission line. Then, with the help of Graphical User Interference method simulated data is used for estimating the location of unbalanced and balanced faults on line. It is observed that solution fully considers the impacts throughout the line and fault is identified with voltage and current waveform. Evaluation studies based on MATLAB/SIMULINK. Simulation studies have been undertaken to verify the accuracy of the algorithm. The paper presents the theory of the technique and the results of simulation studies to determine its performance.

Ultra Modern Robotic Helping Hand

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Vemula Sai Naveen | Anil Naidu , Varun.M , M.Shreyas

Abstract

imagine a robot that follows you and does work under your guidance. This is Helping Hand. It has a robotic arm that symbolizes human hand thus its name Helping Hand. The robot has two parts, the ultrasonic follower part and an advanced computing part which has the robotic arm. The Ultrasound follower part detects the direction and distance of a human source which emits ultrasound. It is powered by an Atmega328 based Arduino Uno. The advanced human detector part consists of a Camera and a robotic arm both of which are under a computer on chip such as Raspberry Pi 3. The overall design consists of a base ultrasonic follower on a rover platform and an advanced computing part laid upon the base. It follows a suitable ultrasound emitter with a human and along with image processing the exact distance, direction of movement is found and a host of other features like gesture control can be added. When the robot is start up, it suitably follows the human, when he stops, the robot looks around it to find for objects and if found, it goes near objects to pick up and keep it on its base or a suitable platform, it then searches for the human, it continues to follow until the human stops again and shows his hand gesture, which tells the robot which side the object has to be placed back. After placing it again starts to follow the human.

Underground Cable Fault Detection using PIC Controller

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ranjeet Gavali | Devendra Dalvi , Akshay Patil, Pankaj Patil , Ajit Shinde

Abstract

This paper represents the method of determining the faults in underground cable by using PIC microcontroller. This is based upon a principal of ohms law. Whenever the fault are present in the underground cable, it displays the location of fault .The resistor and capacitors are used as current sensing device in the line. When open or short circuit is presents in the cable depending upon the voltage change across resistor the fault distance can be calculated. This paper also indicates whether the line is receiving the current or not.

Unscheduled Interchanges under ABT

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Amit Kumar | Arvind Dhingra

Abstract

This Paper presents study in terms of profit earned by generating units by increasing or decreasing their generation under ABT. The decision for increasing or decreasing the generation is taken after the comparison between Unscheduled Interchange (UI) rate and incremental marginal cost (IMC) of generators. For this study ABT Based Load Frequency Controller for an isolated area having four generator power systems is used. All the generators are scheduled to generate less than their capacities. So that it can increase their generation in case of increase in sudden load demand. Frequency signal is converted into price by using Matlab function in accordance with the UI rates issued by Central Electricity Regulation Commission (CERC, INDIA) in year 2014. This controller ensures that generators respond to the UI price automatically and in a desirable manner. All the generator models are simulated in Matlab Simulink. The paper is organized as follows. In section I brief introduction is given. In Section II we explain concept of ABT. Section III comprises of details of ABT based load frequency controller. Details of simulation model and results are discussed in section IV. This is followed by conclusions in Section V.

Use of Soft Computing Techniques in Robotic Arm

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Monika Gupta | Sachin Srivastava, Ayushi Mallick , Ashank Rudola

Abstract

In this paper, we have shown technological evolution and the advances made in the designing of a robotic arm and how over the years soft computing techniques like Neural Networks, Fuzzy logic, Genetic Algorithms (GA), etc. have helped us achieve the desired level of automation. Here we have proposed a robotic arm which sorts primary colours-Red, Blue and Green (RBG) and has judging abilities to deal with uncertainties like distorted inputs and non-primary colours. Analysis of time response of the robotic arm using hybrid of neural network and ant colony optimisation (ACO), / particle swarm optimisation (PSO) technique is expected to be better and faster time response in comparison to a standalone Proportional-Integral (PI) controlled implementation.

Using ANSYS MAXWELL Eddy Solver Calculation Of Field Component

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ms.Varsha P.Patil | Ms.Madhuri.B.Mulik , Mr. Shailesh Kokate , Ms. Pooja Mali

Abstract

ANSYS Maxwell is high performance interactive electromagnetic field simulation software for engineers used for analysis and designing 2D and 3D electromagnetic electromechanical devices,including motor, actuator,sensor,transformer,coils etc.MAXWELL uses Finite element analysis and mesh analysis to solve static, frequency domain and time varying electromagnetic field.This software used to calculate magnetic flux density,magnetic intensity,force,torque,power loss,Sparameter,impedance,quality factor,Eigen frequency in power generator,resonant cavity,antenna radiation,waveguide devices. ANSYS electromagnetic solution aloe to user to gain an understanding of performance characteristic under applied load/excitation and boundary condition, visualization of electromagnetic field in and around field ,joule heating effect and resultant temperature, force distribution and resultant distribution.

Vector Control of PMSM Implemented by Photovoltaic Source

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Glen Paul | Sruthi.C.G, Ramachandran.S.N, T.Yuvaraja , Ramya.K

Abstract

In this article we will establish the modeling and the field oriented control of permanent magnet synchronous machines, with a focus on their applications in variable speed domain in photovoltaic source.

Vehicle Tracking System Using GPRS For School Bus

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Supriya A Salunke | Avinash D Harale , Vitthal Jagtap

Abstract

In today’s fast world, it’s necessary to get the correct information at the right time to provide fleet management and vehicle security. Any person or organization that owns a large fleet faces the problem of not knowing where each and every vehicle.Global Positioning System (GPS) is becoming widely used for tracking and monitoring vehicles. The proposed system can be use for tracking vehicle in real time using GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) technology. A vehicle tracking system can be enables the fleet operator to find out the location of the vehicle throughout the journey of the vehicle. The proposed system can provide GPS-GPRS based vehicle tracking system. The current position of the vehicle can be acquire by GPS device which will integrating into the target vehicle and the location coordinates can sent through GPRS, it provide by the GSM network. The GPS receiver is used to give latitude and longitude of the current location. The proposed system can be built using the microcontroller. This is the heart of the system. The GPS receiver connecting to microcontroller through the serial port and used to obtain the current location. The GPS receiver acquires the current position of the location and this information of vehicle transmits to tracking server using GPRS modem. GPRS provide TCP/IP connection with tracking server. Tracking server receives vehicle location information via network and stores this information in database. This information is available to authorized users of the system over the internet on map.The proposed systems will provide the possibility of tracking the location of vehicles at an affordable cost.

VFD Operated Induction Motor for Centrifugal Line

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Prof. S. H. Shete | Monika R. Patil , Anuradha A. Patil , Rohit V. Kamble , Seema V. Chavan , Harshad P. Patil

Abstract

Many wheelchairs are available with various running technologies, but the cost is very high and it is not much effective. Mostly, the idea of building solar wheel chair is to overcome some disadvantages of the existing systems .Solar plays a very important role in our day to day life. In this paper it is discussed that how solar power is utilized for providing the power to the wheelchair, which will reduce the efforts of the handicapped person. The wheelchair is basic need of physically disabled persons. To move the wheelchair there is need of external person or person has to take lot of efforts. Our project is specifically related to the Smart Android phone handling the wheel chair system using android application. The purpose of selecting the android platform is that nowadays android mobile phones are commonly used. The user has to first get connected with the wheelchair with the help of application. This system allows the user to robustly interact with the wheelchair at different levels of the control (left, right, forward, backward and stop) and sensing. The other components that are required in the system are microcontroller, motor and sensors. The main motive is to let the system be more simple and efficient. The proposed system will be efficient in terms of cost and handling purpose. This project uses Arduino kit Microcontroller circuit and DC motors to create the movement of wheel chair and Sensors to detect the hurdles in between wheelchair and the way of direction.

Voltage Control in Distribution System Considering The Impact of PV Generation Using MPPT Controller on Tap Changers and Autonomous Regulators

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

R.Madhan Mohan | P.Bhaskara Prasad , O.Lakshmi Narasimha Kesavulu

Abstract

The renewable policies in various countries are driving significant growth of grid connected renewable generation sources such as Solar Photovoltaic (PV), wind, biomass, Fuel Cell (FC), or micro turbines. Among all the proportion of photovoltaic (PV) generation into existing power system generation mix has significantly increased in recent times. Most of the PV plants are getting connected to low/medium voltage distribution level as distributed generation (DG). The uptake of an intermittent power from the PVs is challenging the power system operation and control. The network voltage control is one of the major challenges during the operation of the distribution connected PVs. The active power injection from a PV plant causes variable voltage rise. This forces the existing voltage control devices such as on-load tap-changer (OLTC) and voltage regulator (VR) to operate continuously. The consequence is the reduction of the operating life of the voltage control mechanism. Also, the conventional non coordinated reactive power control results in the operation of the VR at its control limit (VR runaway condition). But the existing methods are does not consider detailed impact of DG such as PV on autonomous local control setting of voltage regulator. This paper proposes a new technique for voltage regulation of a radial medium (MV) distribution system in presence of distribution generation (DG) units. The proposed technique consists of the coordinated actions of on-load tap changer (OLTC) of transformer and reactive power coordination in the distribution network by the impact of PV generation. Simulation results reveal that the proposed control method is capable of maintaining the system voltage within the permitted range.

Voltage Control of VSC-HVDC Transmission System for Offshore Wind Power Plant

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Maushmi Bankar | Pawan Chandrakant Tapre , C.Veeresh

Abstract

Wind power evolution in Northern Europe is foreseen to continue in the future with development of largescale wind power plants (WPPs) on far offshore. Integration scheme of these WPPs to the onshore grids would grow from point-to-point connection to a transnational multi-terminal network where the transmission capacity serves both to evacuate the wind power and to facilitate power trading between countries. In such a situation, application of multi-terminal VSC-HVDC transmission is considered the favorable technological solution. A control strategy which capable of accommodating different dispatch schemes is however required. This paper presents a control strategy for dispatching power in the future transnational network situation. The control strategy is developed based on the voltage margin method and is customized to comply with different dispatch schemes possibly be applied in the future transnational network. The control strategy is implemented on a multi-terminal VSC-HVDC network representing the future transnational network and its capabilities are confirmed through simulation studies for normal and abnormal operations.

Voltage Stability Improvement Using Static Var Compensators (SVC)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 15th June 2017

Shanti Chaturvedi | 

Abstract

Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) controllers, such as the Static Var Compensator (SVC), employ the latest technology of power electronic switching devices in electric power transmission systems to control voltage and power flow, and improve voltage regulation. Given a profit-driven, deregulated electric power industry coupled with increased load growth, the power transmission infrastructure is being stressed to its upper operating limits to achieve maximum economic returns to both generator and transmission system owners. In such an environment, system stability problems such as inadequate voltage control and regulation must be resolved in the most cost-effective manner toimprove overall grid security and reliability.

Voltage Swings Detection Using Arm Processor & Automation of Industries Using BLYNKK Cloud Computing Technology

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Venkateshmurthy.B.S | Mr. J Madhavarao , Rajesh S , Priyanka N D

Abstract

A fault in a power system is any failure which interfere with the normal operation of the system, short circuit between the lines, insulation failure of equipments or flash over of lines initiated by a lightning stroke are the main causes for these faults. These faults leads to voltage swings in the system. The aim of this project is to develop a system that will help to remotely control the system during voltage swings, our project mainly focuses on automatic control of voltage swings, the proposed system is connected to any electrical system. The voltage detector detects the fall or rise in voltage, comparing to the fixed threshold voltage during faults. when the voltage exceeds threshold levels using ARM 1176j2f-Sa7 processor and GSM module. A measure is transmitted to the line operators indicating fault is being occurred. The system operators staying away from the stations can remotely operate the circuit breakers using BLYNKK applications in their smart phone which control the relay board connected to the GPIO pins of an ARM processor

Wireless Data Transmission Through Led

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ashwini B N | Avikumar R, Jyothi M P

Abstract

Li-Fi (light-fidelity) technology is very new and was proposed by the German Physicist Harald Hass which means transmission of data through an LED light bulb that varies in intensity faster than human eye can follow. This paper aims at wireless transmission of data with the help of LED at the transmitter side and reception of data by the photodiode at the receiving side. There are two modes of operation .One is data mode ,in which the data is transmitted through LED and second one is robot mode ,in which the robot is moved in any directions with respect to the keys configured .This paper also gives information , how Wi-Fi is replaced by Li-Fi. Wi-Fi is used for general wireless coverage within buildings whereas Li-Fi is model for high density wireless data coverage in restricted areas in which there are no obstacles.. The term Li-Fi refers to VLC technology that uses as medium to deliver high-speed communication in a manner similar to Wi-Fi. Li-Fi provides better efficiency, bandwidth, availability and security than Wi-Fi and has already achieved high speeds in the lab. This paper provides a detailed explanation of Li-Fi technology, its benefits and future scope.

Wireless Sensor Network for Healthcare Application

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Praveen Gothe | Vijaylaksmhi Holechi, ShreeRaksha Chalawadi, Ajay Kalkamkar

Abstract

In healthcare, there is a strong need to collect physiological data and sensor networking; this paper reviews recent studies and points to the needfor future research.Driven by the confluence between the need tocollect data about people’s physical, physiological, psychological, cognitive, and behavioral processes in spaces ranging from personal to urban and the recent availability of the technologies that enable this data collection, wireless sensor networks for healthcare have emerged in the recent years. In this review, we present some representative applications in the healthcare domain and describe the challenges they introduce to wireless sensor networks due to the required level of trustworthiness and the need to ensure the privacy and security of medical data. These challenges are exacerbated by the resource scarcity that is inherent with wireless sensor network platforms. We outline prototype systems spanning application domains from physiological and activity monitoring to large-scale physiological and behavioral studies and emphasize ongoing research challenges

Zero Sequence Current Removal for Fault-ridethrough a Grid Connected Distributed Generation

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

N.S.Madhuri | T.Lakshmi Bhavani, N.S.Pavani

Abstract

In transmission and distribution grids Voltage sags are one of the severe problems due to the high penetration of distributed generation (DG). The converter-interconnected DG system ex: solar, wind, fuel cells & mini hydal power plants, requires a fast and exact measurement of phase and frequency of fundamental grid current to produce reference current signals in order to control the converter. In case of voltage sags according to gird code the control of inverter is nothing but reactive power support. In-order to regulate the voltage in the non-faulty phases under unbalanced voltage sags is reactive current injection control by removing zero sequence from the current references. The results illustrate the capability of the developed GCPPP to ride- through the faults occurred on the grid side. The system is designed and simulated using MATLAB/ Simulink Software.

Zonal Speed Control

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Akhil Athawale | Kedar Kadam , Prof. S.S.Navale

Abstract

Due to amateurish execution of traffic laws, the number of accidents is on the rise. Increasing number of accidents at busy junctions is a major threat faced by today’s India. People, mostly youngsters, drive very fast; this results in damage to life and property because of momentary mistakes made while driving near busy junctions like schools/colleges, hilly areas, highways and villages. Zonal speed control is a vehicular system in which a vehicle, upon entering a certain speed zone such as a hospital or a hilly road, will automatically slow down as per the required speed. This technique will not only prevent accidents but ensure that the basic driver discipline is followed by people. In this paper, we present a system that involves controlling the speed of electric vehicles. This project is composed of three separate units: a speed code transmitter placed on the signboard, a receiver unit mounted inside the incoming vehicle, and a decoder section to decode the speed code transmitted. An astable multivibrator will transmit a certain frequency code that corresponds to the maximum speed of the zone. The infrared receiver inside the car will decode the frequency and a correspondence logic inside the microcontroller will match it to the required speed stored in an internal database. The microcontroller will direct the motor drivers to accordingly reduce the speed of the motors. This is a multicast system. All the vehicles entering the zone will receive speed control signal and will be forced to reduce the speed as per speed zone. Currently this project works for Electric Vehicles but can be adapted for Petrol/Diesel vehicles with suitable fuel injection controller electronics.

“Design and Simulation Model of Solar Based Battery charger and Standalone mode Micro Inverter for Residential Applications”

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

SMAK Azad | Mukesh Kumar Dewangan , Rajnish Kumar

Abstract

Solar energy utilization for many applications is growing in as good phase. As PV module converts solar energy into electrical energy and this electrical energy used for charging the battery for supplying the local load, the design of battery charger and micro inverter for residential applications, mostly in remote villages where power is not available, is much more in need. The present paper deals with the design and simulation model of solar based lead acid battery charger cum micro inverter system, which can be used in remote village locations for the supply of power for maximum of 900W. Also constant current and constant voltage based battery charging algorithms are discussed. Entire system is integrated and simulated for different conditions to validate the model and simulation results are presented.

“Spatika Jala-Dhara”A Portable Water Management System

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Available online 2nd June 2017

Ramachandran S N | Glen Paul, Sutharson. N, hruthi.C.G , Ms. Malini .K.V

Abstract

The human body contains majority of fluids like water and minerals. Water also termed as the ‘Elixir of life’ and most important source of living of a human being along with food and air. More than Seventy percent of the brain is made of water, while blood contains of 80 percent water. Water is vital for nearly every bodily function, Water transports the nutrients from foods into the bloodstream, then on to the each cells in the body. A well-hydrated body has good levels of oxygen. Water with a molecular structure consisting two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen. The body can't properly burn or stores of energy without oxygen. And Lack of fluid (water) weakens the immune system, and makes a person more vulnerable to get affected from disease. Water purification is the process of removing undesirable pro-chemicals, biological matters, and suspended solids from contaminated water. Our proposed water purification system is aimed for remote areas and focus on providing a pure drinking water at more economical cost with high reliability to the families in remote village. This involves the research, design and manufacture of water purification system using only renewable energy. It consist of a combination of solar energy, reverse osmosis (RO) and ultraviolet (UV) lamp sterilizer system with power supplied by photovoltaic (PV) panels. It is an effective method to eliminate bacteria, viruses and protozoan in contaminated water .This method is made portable, cost effective, user friendly and energy efficient enough to meet the needs of drinking water. The main objective of this research is to use the available energy with high efficiency, hence Direct current (DC) source is used to power the RO purification system