International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management:



ISSN:

2456-1304

Number of Papers:

89

Journal Site:



A Case study of 5S implementation in Manufacturing Enterprises

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Gopinath S | Vikram H,Sivarampandian J

Abstract

In todays competitive world, it is quite necessary for an organization to maintain certain key strategical tools to survive in the market. Lean manufacturing is defined as a systematic procedure which helps in the process of waste management and elimination within an enterprise. Lean manufacturing involves 5S which is a set of principles and standards. This research paper emphasis on formulating key essential certifications that a manufacturing industry must procure so to maintain standards. 5S is one of the key tools that a company can acquire that helps it in continuous improvement culture. 5S proclaims for certain visual disciplines to be maintained. 5S strategical represents systematic approach for the overall improvement in quality, productivity and improvement. This research paper proposes the various aspects of 5S and value based analysis is done using certain analytical softwares. SMEs were approached with different questionnaires and proper survey data was collected, interpreted and used for analysis. Relationship between each category is realized and conclusion drawn.

A New Approach DSS for Suitability Analysis

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Nitin Kumar | -

Abstract

Decision support systems (DSS) are highly used in industries like management and administration. However, recently they are also being used in engineering for solving problems up to certain extent. Suitability analysis is a technique used in civil and environmental engineering which is majorly GIS based. A DSS was developed for suitability analysis of various natural aspects of a region with its implementation in civil and environmental. The system is a graphical user interface developed programmatically with the help of MATLAB. It is based on direct interaction and processing with images. It was implemented on LULC, Drain ability, and slope to study the simultaneous effect of these features and observe their combined contribution to the analysis. It was observed that the system can produce the combined effect and also produce the simultaneous effect of variation of weights of features and elements of input images in real time. The number of features being studied simultaneously can be varied according to the requirement of the study.

A Parametric Study of Grit Blasting Nozzle Variables for Aerospace Metals Surface Preparation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Dr. E. Daniel Kirby | Dr. Ravindra Thamma,Miroslaw Kot

Abstract

Grit blasting is a common and reliable method for surface preparation of aerospace metal components for subsequent operations. Unfortunately, the complex nature of aerospace components creates difficulty in providing sufficient cleaning of surfaces within tight cavities and intricate geometries. Manufacturers of grit blasting equipment have created different media types and sizes, along with different nozzles and blasting parameters, in order to provide a large variety of capabilities within this technology. This investigation of different nozzle designs and parameters, involved the use of quantitative methods, developed to evaluate the effectiveness of grit blast surface cleaning. The most critical aspect of grit blasting is the erosion effect on surface of the material, and therefore the amount of material removed is used as the response parameter for this study. This analysis will show amount of material removal and recommendations as to which method provides the safest parameters before significant amount of material is removed.

A review on bridging (Reducing) the SG (Semantic Gap) in CBIR and Annotation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Tabassum Nahid Sultana | Md Abdul Haleem Bahadur, [3]Dr. Ruksar Fatima,[4]Mohammed Shakeeb Ahmed

Abstract

: this paper has tried to identify the problems in content based image retrieval technique. The key obstacle of CBIR approaches is the SG i.e., the difference between the low level features to high level concept of human perception. To extend the image retrieval process beyond low level visual descriptors to high level image semantics. Therefore researches proposed different SBIR techniques to bridge the SG using various machine learning algorithms for the extraction of semantic images to increase the accuracy of the image retrieval process.

A Review on Drilling Process of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic Laminates

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Ashwanth. B | Balaji. P,Guruprasaad. M,Suresh Kumar. M. S

Abstract

Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastics have found wide range of application in aerospace, automobiles, sports and in energy sector due to their high strength to weight ratio. Drilling CFRP composites is a challenge as they are anisotropic materials. Over the years though lot of work has been done to address this issue there is still huge scope for improvement in drilling CFRP composites. This paper gives a literary review of drilling of CFRP composites over the years. This paper also identifies the various factors causing delamination and affecting the quality of the drill and thus provides general recommendations for the selection of process parameters of the drill for better quality of finish.

A Study of the Effect of Pyrites and Rhizobium Inoculation on Chlorophyll and Sugar Content in Black Gram under Sodicity Stress Condition.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Raj Rupali Singh | 

Abstract

The study reveals that sodic conditions of soil resulted in poor bio-synthesis in black gram plants and hence both chlorophyll‘a’, ‘b’ and reducing and non-reducing sugar contentsdecreased with increasing levels of RSC water treatments. Incorporation of iron pyrites as an ameliorating agent significantly improved the availability of nutrients and enhanced the chlorophyll and sugar content. The Rhizobium inoculated treatments supplemented with 50 g iron pyrites pot-1 adjusted best among all the treatments and plants could withstand irrigation with 2.5 meL-1 RSC water without being adversely affected. Further, 7.5 meL¬-1 proved detrimental for plant growth and recorded maximum reduction in sugar and chlorophyll contents in the treatments which were not supplied with pyrites

A Study on Quality of Windrow Compost Produced From Different Municipal Solid Wastes in India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Gade.Venkatesham | M.Chandra Sekhar,T.Bala Narsaiah,P.Akhila Swathanthra

Abstract

Indian Municipal solid waste (MSW) consists of 50-55 % of bio degradable organic matter. This typical composition suggests composting as a suitable option, if source segregation can be adopted. Composting of MSW is proved to be a sustainable option in many countries as the other methods of disposal pose challenges like demand for land, leachate pollution, gas production, low calorific value, heterogeneity of combustible materials, air pollution, etc. Composting organic material in MSW will result in compost, which can be used as soil conditioner in agriculture. With the cost of inorganic fertilizers on the rise in the recent decades, compost can be a good substitute for farmers. The present paper reports the results of a study wherein the quality of compost produced by adopting Windrow/aerobic Composting. As a part of above study Windrow/aerobic Composting samples are collected from different Municipal corporations which are using Windrow/aerobic Composting and the quality of compost is analyzed. Fertilizing Index and Clean Index are used for assessing the quality of the compost. The indices are categorized into marketable classes (A, B, C & D) or restricted use class (RU-1, RU-2 & RU-3) based on their fertilizing parameter and Heavy metal content.

A Study on Quality of Windrow Compost Produced From Different Municipal Solid Wastes in India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Gade.Venkatesham | M.Chandra Sekhar,T.Bala Narsaiah,P.Akhila Swathanthra

Abstract

Indian Municipal solid waste (MSW) consists of 50-55 % of bio degradable organic matter. This typical composition suggests composting as a suitable option, if source segregation can be adopted. Composting of MSW is proved to be a sustainable option in many countries as the other methods of disposal pose challenges like demand for land, leachate pollution, gas production, low calorific value, heterogeneity of combustible materials, air pollution, etc. Composting organic material in MSW will result in compost, which can be used as soil conditioner in agriculture. With the cost of inorganic fertilizers on the rise in the recent decades, compost can be a good substitute for farmers. The present paper reports the results of a study wherein the quality of compost produced by adopting Windrow/aerobic Composting. As a part of above study Windrow/aerobic Composting samples are collected from different Municipal corporations which are using Windrow/aerobic Composting and the quality of compost is analyzed. Fertilizing Index and Clean Index are used for assessing the quality of the compost. The indices are categorized into marketable classes (A, B, C & D) or restricted use class (RU-1, RU-2 & RU-3) based on their fertilizing parameter and Heavy metal content.

A Study Onmacro Economic Determinants Of NonPerforming Loans In Indian Public Sector Banks

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Ms. Adithi Ramesh | Prof. Dr.C.B.Senthil Kumar

Abstract

The macroeconomic variables will have a serious impact in the success of credit market.Non-performing loan is an important factor that is being considered to monitor the performance of the banks and financial institutions in the credit market. This paper focuses on study of the relationship and significance between Non-performing loans of public sector banks in India and macroeconomic factors such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth, Inflation, Credit growth and unemployment.

A Theoretical Study of Magnetic Impurity Effect on Superconducting Properties of Manganese doped MgB2

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Gargee Sharma | Smita Sharma

Abstract

In the present study we investigated the theoretical calculation of Superconducting state parameter (SSP) by doping of MN on MgB2 superconductor for concentration (x=0.006, 0.007, 0.014, 0.016, 0.020). We use Ashcroft's pseudo potential in conjunction Random phase approximation (RPA) dielectric screening function with methodology based on BCS- Elias berg Mc. Millan framework in which material properties like electron-phonon coupling strength (?) and Coulomb pseudo potential (*) are obtained from the knowledge of electron-ion pseudo potential. The super-conducting state properties like transition temperature (TC), isotope effect exponent (?) and interaction strength (N0V) are then obtained by using the values of ?, * and relevant to the superconductor .It is also observed that addition of Manganese to superconductor MgB2 causes the parameters ?, *, ?, N0V, TC decreases with increasing in Manganese concentration. Present calculation also observed that TC for alloys Mg1-xMnxB2 is excellent agreement with the experimental results. It is observed that the increase in doping concentration of MN causes all the superconducting parameters to decrease. This suggests decrease in superconducting behavior of MgB2 due to effect of magnetic impurity MN.

Acoustoelectric Effect In Solid State Materials and Devices

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Awadhesh Prasad | 

Abstract

Acoustoelectric effect is the appearance of a dc electric current, when an acoustic wave passes through a conducting medium. This paper reviews the study of Ultrasonic stress on the semiconductor materials and devices used in various scientific and other measurements. A historical review of earlier findings is also reported with special reference to associated mechanisms. Ultrasonic stress studies in solid state devices require further attention and the work done in this area is also discussed. Different kinds of the mechanism, interpretation responsible for the change in the characteristics of the solid state devices and materials have been discussed. Ultrasonic stress produces a pressure effect on a target object placed in the ultrasonic field. Ultrasonic wave may be regarded as a coherent beam of phonons, absorbed in front of the material. In terms of the charge carriers, an electron hole pair is created due to the Ultrasonic field.

An EOQ Model for Imperfect Items Deterioration and Time Dependent Rates

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Kundan Mishra | -

Abstract

In the presented article we have developed an economic order quantity model at infinite planning horizon. Deterioration is taken into consideration. Demand and production rates are assumed to be time dependent. Production process is not reliable hence a percent of produced items is defective. A mathematical formulation has been done to find the optimum value of order quantity and total average cost. A numerical example is also given to illustrate the theoretical results. Finally the sensitivity analysis is reported to find the effect of different parameters.

Analysis of Male and Female Consumers and Customer Experience Items in Retail Stores

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Pankaj Deshwal | 

Abstract

TheseThis study confirms how male and female differently evaluate the Items of the consumer experience in the retail store context. Researcher adopted convenient sampling technique for this study. Gender was considered as the demographic variable in this study. The output of one-way ANOVA test was used to show differences. All Items were taken from prior literature. The output shows there is only one Item that is recovery experience where male and female shows differences in their views. The results show that respondents responded their experience with a retail store as positive. All result of the Items is above 3.5 value that shows above average feedback.

Areca nut as a Potential Bio-adsorbent for Remediation of Chromium

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Ankitha R | Prakruthi S, S Sneha, Seema Tharannum

Abstract

Bioremediation is one of the leading sought after techniques for heavy metal removal and to prevent its contamination in the effluent discharge hence avoiding various toxicological effects. Heavy metals such as chromium have a number of applications such as leather tanning, organochemicals, fertilizers etc. Once chromium is introduced into the environment, it exists in two different oxidation states, Cr (III) and Cr (VI). The trivalent form is relatively innocuous but hexavalent chromium is toxic, carcinogenic and mutagenic in nature, highly mobile in soil and aquatic system and is also a strong oxidant capable of being adsorbed by the skin. In our present study, areca nut husk powder of two different sieve sizes 250?m and 719?m were used in comparison with the same along with PES B (Bacillus amyloliquefaciens) at 37C to form a biofilm. Various concentrations of chromium i.e., 0, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250 ppm were treated with the adsorbent components. The amount of chromium from the sample was estimated using DPC method. It was found to reduce chromium to >50% in case of adsorbent with biofilm and up to 50% in case of adsorbent without biofilm for 50 ppm concentration showing maximum capacity. Hence, adsorbent with biofilm has a greater potential compared to adsorbent without biofilm for Cr (VI) bioremediation from polluted effluents.

Artificial Intelligence Based Slope Stability Evaluation for Urban Expansions in and Around Mussoorie Township, Uttarakhand

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Bipin Peethambaran | R Anbalagan,Shihabudheen KV,Dileep G

Abstract

Landslides are one of the destructive forms of natural hazards, which cause serious threat to life and properties. Landslide hazard zonation (LHZ) is an integral part of planning and execution of developmental schemes for smarter safer societies. Conventionally, LHZ by artificial neural network (ANN) integrated on geographic information system (GIS) has been carried out on regional scale. The spatial variation of landslide causative parameters helps ANN to execute classification problems easily. In this paper, brilliance of ANN on meso-level attempts has been analyzed for about 22sq.km area in and around Mussoorie Township. Thematic layers relevant to landslide causative factors have been generated through remote sensing data, field surveys and GIS. ANN as black box approach on Matlab software has been used to distinguish the weights of each factor in the training and testing process. Subsequently, obtained weights are used to process the whole unseen data. The ANN derived LHZ map of Mussoorie area compared with landslide inventory map to test its reliability

Artificial Intelligence in Business

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Sachin Sreekumar | Rahul Gopalakrishnan Nair

Abstract

Artificial Intelligence (A.I) is a term that is gaining popularity in nowadays. In recent years many companies have developed as well as implemented so many artificial systems such as business intelligence, expert systems, voice-recognition systems, natural language processing systems etc. But majority of the organization as well as managers are not properly aware about this potential concept.AI is something that give a system the ability to think itself as well as to make decisions which give every organizations a competitive edge. But the lack of awareness or the fear to adapt to changes make may organizations against these new emerging concepts. The aim of this paper is to determine whether AI had noteworthy impact on business as well as to discover which types of AI methods are used today, and what they are capable of doing.

Assess the Effect of Body Mind Therapies on the Level of Perceived Stress, Anxiety and Depression Among Substance Users

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Mrs. Sundari S Apte | Dr Rakesh Ghildiyal,Dr Mrs. Mary Mathews ,Dr Mrs Tapati Bhattacharjee

Abstract

Humans have used drugs of one sort or another for thousands of years. But their use was limited to certain occasions. In todays world there is a sharp increase in the substance use from adolescent to old age and there is a rise in the use of them even in fairer sex. A research was conducted to see the effect of body mind therapies on the level of anxiety, depression and perceived stress. Method: A quantitative, quasi experimental study was conducted on 45 subjects who were admitted in the de-addiction canters and met the sampling criteria. The tool consisted of four Section-Ia. Socio demographic data, Ib. substance use data, II. anxiety tool by Beck III. depression tool by Beck and IV. perceived stress questionnaire by Cohens. The interventions consisted of Guided Imagery based on 12 steps of Alcoholic Anonymous and Self realization based on Sahaja Yoga Meditation. These interventions were given to the group for 3months on regular basis after which they have to practice on their own by using the information booklet and CDResults: It was seen thatthere is change in the level of perceived stress, anxiety and depression after the intervention after t 3months interval of intervention with the p value 0.000 in all the groups including control. The control groups Wilcox on value was lesser than the intervention group

Attenuation and its Effect on Measurement of Ultrasonic Radiation Pressure

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Awadhesh Prasad | -

Abstract

Attenuation is defined as the decrease in power level at the load caused by inserting a device between a source and load. Effect of Ultrasonic stress has been studied in the solid state devices and its output is observed for discussions. Effect of attenuation in the measurement of Ultrasonic Radiation Pressure has been discussed analytically.

Brand Awareness

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Shalom Paul | Jeresh Joseph

Abstract

Companies spend hundreds of millions of dollars annually on advertising to build and maintain awareness for their brands in competitive markets. However, awareness formation models in the marketing literature ignore the role of competition. Brand awareness is a much neglected construct and deserves considerably more attention due to its central importance in brand choice. From an empirical point of view, numerous researchers have shown that brand awareness measures are powerful predictors of consumer choice behaviour. This paper reports explores how brands come to mind in a variety of choice situations. A subsequent quantitative study shows that associates identified in the qualitative research act as cues, and that brand awareness varies significantly depending on the cues that are salient. The paper tries to reveal, on one hand, the importance of unaided brand awareness when it comes to consumers buying decision and, on the other hand, the importance of aided brand awareness when assessing the perceived risk associated with the purchase. The analysis is conducted in a comparative manner, considering the case of durable versus non-durable products, and with focus on urban Romanian consumers.

Calculation of the Temperature Distribution and Thermal Deflection in a Thin Clamped Circular Plate

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Nitin Chandel | Pallavi Zungare,Sapana P. Dubey

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the determination of unknown temperature, temperature distribution, and thermal deflection on upper plane surface of a thin clamped circular plate occupying the space D: 0  r  a, 0  z  h by applying finite Hankel transform and Laplace transform technique

Calculation of the Temperature Distribution and Thermal Deflection in aThin Clamped Circular Plate

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Nitin Chandel | Pallavi Zungare

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the determination of unknown temperature, temperature distribution, and thermal Hankel transform and Laplace transform techniques.

Consumer Behavior

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Cherian Abraham | Jyakrishnan

Abstract

Consumer behavior involves the psychological processes that consumers go through in recognizing needs, finding ways to solve these needs, making purchase decisions (e.g., whether or not to purchase a product and, if so, which brand and where), interpret information, make plans, and implement these plans. Consumers often buy products not because of their attributes per se but rather because of the ultimate benefits that these attributes provide, in turn leading to the satisfaction of ultimate values. The important thing in a means-end chain is to start with an attribute, a concrete characteristic of the product, and then logically progress to a series of consequences (which tend to become progressively more abstract) that end with a value being satisfied. A market comes into existence because it fulfills the needs of the consumer. Consumer behavior is a complex, dynamic, multidimensional process, and all marketing decisions are based on assumptions about consumer behavior. Models of consumer behavior play a key role in modern empirical Industrial Organization

CRYOGENIC

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Mrs.Kirti Bhushan Zare | 

Abstract

The term cryogenics is used to describe methods of refrigeration at very low temperatures (typically below 125 K), and distinguish them from ordinary refrigeration cycles. Many of these methods relate to the liquefaction of gases known as permanent, like air, natural gas, hydrogen or helium. Cryogenic liquid is used to directly or indirectly cool solid or liquid contaminants adhering to apparatus surfaces to effect a change in the physical characteristics of the contaminants and thereby render them more susceptible to removal operations. The challenges facing machining industries today are high metal removal rate and better product quality. Grinding is vital to many Manufacturing processes as it generates finer surfaces and closer dimensional tolerances. Cryogenics or deep freezing have been around for quite some time. There is documented research from as far back as the 1930s where German companies used it on components of jumbo aircraft engines. The austenite is unstable at this temperature and the whole structure become martensitic. This is the region to use cryogenic treatment. Processing is not a substitute for heat treating if the product is properly treated or if the product is over heated during remanufacturing or if it is over stressed during use. Cryogenic processing will not in itself harden metal like quenching and tempering, it is an additional treatment to heattreating.

Design of L Block Lightweight Block Cipher IP Core

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Aljazeera.K.R | Nandakumar.R,Ershad.S.B

Abstract

Existing cryptographic algorithms were designed to meet the needs of the desktop computing era and thus require significant resources to implement. Now a days most of the devices available in the market are resource constrained. Here lightweight cryptography plays a pivotal role. It lends itself to implementation as a block cipher providing a scalable, pipelined architecture. Most importantly, lightweight block ciphers can be implemented with low latency making them ideal for applications in which deterministic performance is required. In this project a detailed study of L Block block cipher is done which is a lightweight cipher in both hardware and 8-bit platforms and an IP core is developed after its implementation. The block size of L Block is 64-bit and the key size is 80-bit and it can achieve competitive hardware and software performances when compared with other known lightweight block ciphers. . L Block cipher is implemented on Xilinx Spartan-6 FPGA (XC6LX16-CS324) and its performance metrics were obtained. It can serve as a benchmark for the hardware design engineers to model devices that utilizes lightweight characteristics.

Design of Photo Catalyst Induced Solar Photo Electrolysis Cell using Titanium Oxide as Catalyst and Zinc/Copper as Electrode

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Diptanu Dey | Sanjib Das ,Bharath Kumar Boyanapalli,Solanki Das

Abstract

Because of lower efficiency of solar photovoltaic cells, alternative means to harvest electric power from sunlight need to be explored. The idea is to use a photo catalyst to split water molecules into protons and hydroxyl ions and effectively separating the charges to produce usable electric power. A nafion membrane is used to separate the photons from the electrolyte. A zinc mesh is used to collect the protons effectively while copper plate situated outside the zinc mesh collects remaining electrons in the electrolyte. The protons generated are used to create a potential difference across the Copper(+) and Zinc(-) electrodes. Fine carbon particles are suspended within the electrolyte. Being effective black body, the carbon particles absorb maximum sunlight and transmit it to the electrolyte, thus improving the light absorption. To maintain constant supply of electrolyte, i.e., water, in the cell, it is fed by a water source separated by a RO membrane. Such a concept can also be used to harness solar energy when installed in bay area that have high amounts of incident Solar Irradiance, thus facilitating mass scale production of Solar Power and act as a major contributor in the overall electricity generation. Such a bay of cells provides high efficiency with negligible maintenance and low installation cost. It also has a very low requirement of surface availability, thus improving the effectiveness of the device. This project will be highly applicable in the Asian countries, especially the coastal areas.

Detection of Hard Exudates, Soft Exudates, Red Spots and Hemorrhages

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

S.Saranya devi | P.Anuja,Bhagyalakshmi.K.M, Jinchu.J

Abstract

The most complex system in human body is eye. Nowadays there is increase in vision loss patients mainly due to retinal diseases. Some diseases cannot be identified early unless it affects the vision as it has no symptoms. But it can be identified by some clinical signs in the retina which cannot be viewed through naked eye but through fundus photography. Traditionally, retinal diseases are diagnosed by manual observations of fundus images and it is a time consuming process. So an automatic algorithm is need to be develop to detect and classify various clinical signs. Some of the clinical signs of retinal diseases are hard exudates, soft exudates, red spots and haemorrhage. We used MATLAB software to develop an algorithm. Various techniques have been proposed to detect these signs but the efficiency is less and there is a chance of mismatching. Hence we proposed a new technique known as skin locus model which is used only for face detection till now. In this technique pixels between the images are compared and based on certain threshold the various clinical signs are detected ad classified. We used DRIVE database, an open source database images, which has been acquired from the fundus photography. Our proposed algorithm reduces man power, time consumption and also help the retinal diseased patients by preventing or delaying the vision loss. It also avoid mismatching of clinical signs.

Development Induced Displacement: Impact on Women of Odisha

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Prithvi Mohanty | 

Abstract

The model of development underwent a metamorphosis and became a techno-managerial model with exclusive emphasis on growth. The concerns of justice have almost come to be abandoned with the inauguration of the new economic reform in the name of structural adjustments. Industrial revolution caused innumerable dramatic changes in the whole range of social arrangements from the nature of the State to the processes and purpose of the governance. It was in the wake of these changes that the state acquired relative autonomy involving totally new forms of legitimization [Amaratya Sen, 1999; 44 ]. The shift in the role of the State from an interventionist to that of a regulatory mechanism or even when act as a profitable institution calls for deeper attention. Is evil outweighed by the larger good arising from development projects? Why displacement? For whom? Who decides the public purpose, the propriety of displacement? Whether the evaluation of resources of the affected people, which includes their social, cultural and other aspects of life, could re-compensate them adequately? Since displacement is a traumatic experience for every one undergoing it, how does it affect women differently? What are the social constraints that prohibit women from taking appropriate advantage of any development projects? What are the root causes of these constraints? These are some of the vital questions to be answered in this research project and the status of women is also closely linked to this general debate, as all these aspects have radically altered the discourse regarding displacement and resettlement into an issue of development.

Development of Analytical Framework on Optimization of Construction Equipment for Multiple Infrastructure Projects

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Mr. Amit Shriwas | Dr. Sudhir Nigam

Abstract

Indias gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 7.6 per cent in the year 2015-16, has made India the fastest growing economy in the world. Considering the importance of Infrastructure growth, a critical factor for the continued economic growth of the country, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highway - Government of India has proposed Rs 25 trillion investment in infrastructure for the next three years (2017-2020) duration imparting major share for developing 27 industrial clusters and for road, railway and port connectivity projects. Construction equipment plays vital role for development of Infrastructure. Construction equipments operational cost contributes 36 percent of the total project cost. Hence effective equipment management plays important role in infrastructure project management resulting into the substantial cost saving. In this research paper we have analyzed two infrastructure (highway development) projects comprising construction of bridges, reinforced earthen wall, culvert and vehicular underpasses. Critical path method is applied for the time and activities scheduling along with construction equipment allocation for both the project. During study float availability is identified as main influencing factor and the same is analyzed to optimize the construction equipment in infrastructure project.

Development of Disposable Activated Bombyx Mori Silk Fabric Biostrips for Pasteurization Test of Milk

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Kirti Rani | 

Abstract

Pasteurization of Milk and milk products are essential because non-pasteurized milk has alkaline phosphatases (ALP) which cause intra-abdominal bacterial infections after drinking. Therefore, milk industries test the milk after pasteurization using various chemical methods including boiling. Here, objective of this work is to detect the presence of alkaline phosphatase in the pasteurized milk by using disposable dry-reagent biostips of sodium nitrate treated/ sodium chloride treated activated Bombyx mori silk fabric which are prepared by immobilization of bromocresol green and p-nitophenol phosphate which gave the instant color change from light blue to green if sample is not pasteurized and test is called positive (ALP +ve). This test was observed to carry out any ambient temperature conditions and prepared activated silk strips can be stored up to 7-8 months in non-humid conditions which might be considered cost effective and rapid biosensor employed for the qualitative estimation of alkaline phoshatase in the milk samples or milk products.

Domestic Labour Rights Belongs to Her if Domestic Labour Belongs to Her-Kind: a Situational Analysis of the Domestic Workers in West Bengal

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Ms . Ayshi Banerjee | Mr Subrata Kar

Abstract

Domestic Labour in India has not been recognised as a form of work and has neither been considered under Labour laws. The work involving care in the private sphere of home has been feminized . Thus female domestic workers face an array of problems due to non-recognition as labour.The Paper expounds on the situation of domestic workers and their condition of work in West Bengal and thus suggests why we need National and not state wise legislations for the welfare of domestic workers and that India needs to urgently ratify the 189th Convention of ILO.

E-Governance in India: Opportunities and Challenges

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Ramdev.K.S | Sreesha.P

Abstract

Recognizing the increasing importance of Information and Communication technology (ICT), the Government of India established the department of IT. E-governance is introduced to focus on information and communication. It will help to manage the government structure and to achieve the rapid economic growth and improved quality of life. The different technologies and methods used in e-governance will helps to give a better idea for efficient delivery of services. A countries growth can be determined by the efficiency of e-governance. An economy is giving more importance for e-governance because it provide transparency to the government activities, saving of time due to provision of services through single window; reduction in corruption, convenience and empowerment. This research paper focuses on the usefulness of e-governance for the government businesses and citizen of India. Every project will have its own benefits and this research will find the different sectors enjoying the benefits of e-governance and presenting the list of E-Governance projects which is currently being used in India.

Effect of Poor Pavememnt Condition on Students Academic Activities

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Tiza Michael | Anand Kumar,Avinash Kumar Patel

Abstract

This research aims to point out how academic activities of students are affected as a result of poor pavement condition, it seeks to understand how their daily academic activities are influenced by poor road network, their semester and overall academic performance was investigated. The method employed was through development of questionnaires and distributing among University undergraduates who usually travel on a very poor road condition to and fro University for their academic activities. The result shows that the specific academic performance of students due to poor road condition is significantly affected and the general academic activities of students is affected by poor pavement condition

Effect Of Sex Role Orientation Upon Organizational Role Stress Among Female Government Doctors

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Rekha Gujjar | Manju Mehta

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to see the effect of Sex role orientation on Organizational role stress among female government doctors. A total of 100 female government doctors from the state of Rajasthan served as sample for the study. To attain the objectives of the study, two psychometric instruments—the Bem Sex role Inventory (Bem 1981) and the Organisational Role Stress Scale (Pareek 1981) —were administered to the sample population to obtain data pertaining to the androgynous personality and organizational role stress variables. The data were analysed in terms of the t-test. The results of the study revealed that female government doctors with masculinity sex role orientation were significantly higher on inter-role distance stress as compared to female government doctors with androgynous and femininity sex role orientation. It was also found that female government doctors with undifferentiated sex role orientation were significantly higher on role overload as compared to female government doctors with androgynous sex role orientation.

Effect of Ultrasonic stress in Semiconductor Materials and Devices

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Awadhesh Prasad | 

Abstract

Effect of Ultrasonic Stress in solid state devices and materials have been discussed with the help of electromagnetic wave theory. Ultrasonic stress (radiation pressure) changes the characteristics of solid state devices and materials. Analytical treatment of changed characteristics of solid state devices and materials have been discussed.

Electric Power : Conservation and Generation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Garima Goswami | Jaivardhan Singh Shekhawat,Himanshu Tiwari,Hitesh Tak Himanshu Sharma

Abstract

World over one basic predicamentis power generation and power conservation is next important concern. Alternate renewable energy sources are continuously explored by scientists. In the recent past, thousands of builders and professionals have been incorporating an increasing number of technologies on building and within the interiors of new and existing structures. In this paper a system or technique is proposed to work on the air cooling system in huge buildings, which is not only helping to drop down its temperature but also bestowed upon electricity generation. This is not all; this system also helps in controlling the release of greenhouse gases in environment, thus doing a significant job for mankind survival on this globe.

Existing & Novel Methods of Water Harvesting

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Preenon Bagchi | Ajit Kar

Abstract

Through ground water utilization has substantially enhanced domestic utility and crop productivity – due to widespread over exploitation, underground water level is going down day by day at an alarming rate in most parts of India especially in Karnataka & Tamil Nadu. Further, the two main sources of irrigation in India are cannels and groundwater – both sources are also facing extreme downward trend. To combat such alarming situation, the urgent need is to explore novel methods of water harvesting especially through rain water harvesting which has been highlighted in the present study.

Experimental Investigation of Performance Characteristics on a Single Cylinder C.I Engine Fuelled With Simarouba Glauca as Bio Diesel

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ghadge S.S | Manojkumar.N.U,Naik.K.S,Hiremath S.M,Hadagali.B.B

Abstract

In the recent years there has been a drastic increase in the automobile production all over the world as a result of increasing dependence on transportation mediums. Whatever might be the medium of transportation, it all needs energy and most of them depend on the petroleum products as fuels. Technically speaking Alternative fuel is nothing but any material other than fossil fuels, coal and its by-products or anything from earth crust that could be used as a fuel to power a vehicle. Bio-diesel can be extracted from different raw materials like vegetable oil, biomass, algae, milk scum etc. In which Simarouba glauca is one the promissing among them. This is being considered as they are cheap, renewable and are less polluting..

Financial Crisis Prediction using a Hybrid ANN Model

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ranjana Pagui | 

Abstract

Several economic crises have already been witnessed by the world in the past few decades. This study proposes a hybrid model combining Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and K Nearest Neighbour (KNN) models serially in predicting financial crisis. The analysis is done using dataset of the past 15 years comprising of 13 macroeconomic indicators of the country. The macroeconomic indicators are chosen based on their relevance to the economic conditions. The crucial macroeconomic indicators used in this study include consumer price index, export prices, import prices, terms of trade, foreign direct investment, government spending, producer prices, inflation rate, unemployment rate, GDP, money supply(m1), GDP/capita and industrial production. The prediction results obtained are compared separately with the results of ANN and KNN. Overall, the hybrid model possesses a higher prognostic ability and the likeliness of financial crisis in India during 2016 and 2017 is low.

Follicle Segmentation of Ultrasound Images by Enhancement and Sub-Image Classification

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

V. Anitha | M. Shameena Banu, S. Srilekha

Abstract

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a problem in which a womans hormones are out of balance. The cysts are not harmful but leads to hormone imbalances. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to control the symptoms and prevent long term problems. This paper presents a novel in three stage follicle detection and segmentation using Anistropic diffusion algorithm of Ultrasound images. This system has pre-processing, enhancement, morphological operations and follicle extraction. The proposed system performs a follicle region extraction, using Modified Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization [MCLAHE] transform algorithm and Weighted Median Filter Algorithm. The performance analysis is performed using confusion matrix. In this Result we focus mainly on MCLAHE based segmentation, this approach is analyzed by Confusion Matrix Performance. Our future work is package development and GUI development using MATLAB Package Tools.

Forecasting Performance of GARCH Family Models in the Indian Commodity Markets

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Veena Dixit | Jain Mathew

Abstract

The present paper examines the forecasting ability of the GARCH family models with reference to the Indian commodity markets. The study uses four futures indices of the Multi Commodity Exchange of India (MCX) which represent the commodities across sectors such as agriculture, energy and metals. MCX also maintains a composite index MCXCOMDEX that encompasses the other futures indices MCXAGRI, MCXENERGY and MCXMETAL The symmetric GARCH model and three asymmetric EGARCH, TARCH and PARCH variants have been used to test the forecasting efficiency of these models. The mixed results indicate that any single models claim to forecasting efficiency across the four indices is not justified.

Hydrodynamic Cavitation, A promising Technique for Pre-Treatment of Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) Influent Wastewater

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ayush Ransingh | Dr. Anjali K Khambete

Abstract

In this work treatment of influent wastewater at Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) has been investigated using Hydrodynamic Cavitation (HC) using single hole orifice plate. Various methods like DAP (Di Ammonium phosphate), RO (Reverse Osmosis) has been widely investigated but HC arouses some promising outcomes hence is being investigated. The optimization of the treatment process by investigating the effect of parameters viz inlet pressure and residence time has been done by analyzing Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD). The effect of inlet pressure on cavitational yield has also been investigated. Further under optimized conditions of 5 kg/cm2 inlet pressure, reduction of COD and BOD has been analyzed. Under optimized condition COD reduces from 832 to 457 mg/L and BOD from 330 mg/L to 118 mg/L. This work is a rare report on treatment of CETP wastewater using HC.

Identifying an Ideal Bio-Indicator from Indian Freshwaters to Use in Automated Bio-Monitor

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Merin Mathew | Anju Theresa Antony,Sunny George,Ratish Menon,Almut Gerhardt

Abstract

The present study has been undertaken to identify the most ideal species that can be used as a bio-indicator in automated bio-monitors. Six different fish species were exposed in a 50% effluent from sewage treatment plant and in open well water (control) for 48 hours. Using an automated bio-monitor named "Multispecies Freshwater Bio-monitor " developed by Lim Co International, GmbH, Konstanz, Germany was used for continuous monitoring of the behaviour of fish species in both control and effluent. The six fish species used were Etroplus suratensis, Puntius denisonii, Xiphophorus maculatus, Poecilia reticulata and Oreochromis mossambicus. All the six species were in juvenile stage and almost same in size (2-3 cm). O. mossambicus and E. suratensis were identified as the ideal bio-indicators which gives an early warning (stress ventilation, avoidance behaviour followed by reduced movement activity) to the effluent from treatment units. All the other species were observed as more sensitive to effluent.

In Air Synthesis of Psyllium Based OrganoInorganic Hybrid Ion Exchanger, its Characterization and Studies

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Rajeev Jindal | Rachna Sharma ,Mithu Maiti, Harpreet Kaur

Abstract

In this research paper in air synthesis of Psyllium and zirconium(IV)tungstoiodophosphate based organo-inorganic hybrid ion exchanger has been reported. Synthesised hybrid ion exchanger has been characterized by FT-IR, SEM, EDS and TGA/DTA/DTG and chemical composition. Ion exchange capacity and thermal studies of the synthesised ion exchanger were investigated using the potassium chloride solution. Further pH titration studies have also been done with KCl/KOH and NaCl/NaOH solutions. Distribution studies shows that synthesized ion exchange has high selectivity for Pb2+ .

Interrogator for FBG Strain Sensor

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

K.Anjali Rao | K.Ram Prasad Rao

Abstract

A structural health monitoring system (SHM) is the need of the hour because continuous monitoring of large structures is a cumbersome task. In this paper a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensing system for strain measurements is being described. Economically feasible and simple grating based FBG has been used to produce strain and induced voltage corresponding to wave length shift. The fiber optic grating sensors have been used in this research work in static operating conditions. The feasibility of using a FBG sensor system in real time monitoring of strain in an optic fiber has been demonstrated experimentally. Experimental and theoretical results showing capability of the proposed system to perform strain measurement and giving an approximate linear response are presented.

It and Its Impact and Business Management

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Dr.V.Suryanarayana | M.Sarala,Prof.Karimella Vikram

Abstract

Information technology (IT) is dramatically changing the business landscape. Although organization cultures and business strategies shape the use of IT in organizations, more often the influence is stronger the other way round. IT significantly affects strategic options and creates opportunities and issues that managers need to address in many aspects of their business. This page outlines some of the key impacts of technology and the implications for management Business strategy - collapsing time and distance, enabling Electronic Commerce Organization Culture - encouraging the free flow of information Organization Structures - making Networking and Virtual Corporation a reality Management Processes - providing support for complex decision making processes Work - dramatically changing the nature of professional, and now managerial workplace - allowing work from home and on the move, as in Telework.

Kinetic Study of Catalytic Oxidation of Sugar by Potassium Permanganate in Acidic Medium

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Yugendra Kumar Soni | S. K. Chatterjee,K. N. Bapat

Abstract

The kinetics of oxidation of sucrose with potassium permanganate is studied spectrophotometrically by using systronic visible Spectrophotometer-105 at 545 maximum wavelength. First order rate of reaction has been studied with respect to concentration of oxidant, substrate, H2SO4 in presence of Hg (II) . The effect of salt does not affect rate of the reaction in absence of catalyst . This result shows that molecular species are responsible for formation of final product in rate determining step. when concentration of sucrose increases then rate of reaction increases. Same result obtained in case of increasing the concentration of oxidant also it has been observed that rate of reaction increases by increasing the concentration of catalyst .Rate law of the reaction and suitable mechanism of the reaction is predicted for the current research work.

Methanotrophs- Role in Environmental Engineering Specific to Reversal of Global Warming

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ch.M.Kumari ChitturiS | J. P. Jeevana Lakshmi,D.Hymavathi

Abstract

Methanotrophs are members of Archaebacteria that play an important role in mitigation of climate change by reducing methane emissions from landfills and geothermal power stations. Two types of methanotrophs are existent in nature – high capacity methanotrophs and low capacity methanotrophs. Methane monooxygenase enzyme produced by these organisms plays a major role in utilization of methane as a sole source of carbon and energy. Two types of monooxygenases have been isolated from methanotrophs -soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) and particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO).Cells with pMMO expressed high affinity for methane than sMMO producing cells. Methane gas is harmful to environment as it a potential greenhouse gas and is produced due to several anthropogenic activities. Methane is 72 times more potent than carbon dioxide in trapping heat in a period of 20 years. Hence formulation of new strategies is essential in environmental engineering by exploiting methanotrophs for reversal of global warming.

Microbeads- Treatment on Waste Water

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Jesvin John Jacob | Jebin V John, Anto Bab

Abstract

Microbeads are solid plastic particles of less than five millimetres in their large dimension, which are frequently made of polyethylene but can be of other petrochemical plastics such as polypropylene and polystyrene. These microbeads are produced from exfoliating personal care products, toothpaste which is washed down the drain can pass unfiltered through the sewage treatment plants that makes their way into rivers and canals which result in plastic particle water pollution. These beads can absorb and concentrate pollutants on their surface, and thereby carry the pollutants. The study says that 5000-95000 microbeads are released into the environment with every single use of personal care product in which 35000 tons of micro plastic are from the cosmetic products. It constitutes 0.1-4% of the total plastic pollution. The rate 0.95 million tons per annum are dumped into the oceans which have a huge impact on the marine environment and to fisheries. In this paper, we try to understand the effectiveness of coagulation (Nano clay and moringa), Adsorption (activated carbon, Carbon nanotubes), Ion-Exchange (Nano clay and resins) and membrane filtration (Nano membranes) in the separation or removal of microbeads and to come with a technology for the treatment of microbeads contaminated water.

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) As Renewable Energy Source

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Jagdish Lambe | Ravindra Chougule

Abstract

With rapid economic growth and massive urbanization, India faces the problem of municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal and the pressing need for development of alternative energy. Waste-to-energy (WTE), which recovers energy from discarded MSW and produces electricity and/or steam for heating, is recognized as a renewable source of energy and is playing an increasingly important role in MSW management in India. Energy from waste offers recovery of energy by conversion of non-recyclable materials through various processes including thermal and non-thermal technologies. Energy that is produced in the form of electricity, heat or fuel using combustion, pyrolization, gasification or anaerobic digestion is clean and renewable energy, with reduced carbon emissions and minimal environmental impact than any other form of energy

Non - Performing Loanan Encumbrance for Maximizings Hareholder Wealth?- A Study on Two Leading Private Sector Banks in India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Ms Adithi Ramesh | Prof. Dr.C.B.Senthil Kumar

Abstract

Shareholders value plays a crucial role in a highly volatile and complicated market. Just like how a bank has got a moral obligation towards its customer, the obligation towards a shareholder or investor is also equally important. Increasing Nonperforming loans have not only been a period of eclipse for the banks financials and brand value, but also for the shareholders of the bank. This paper shows the impact of Non-Performing loans on Shareholder value and ways to reduce the same to increase the shareholders confidence.

On Fuzzy ?? ## -Continuous Maps and Fuzzy ?? ## - Homeomorphism Mappings in Fuzzy Topological Spaces

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Kiran G Potadar | Sadanand N Patil

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to introduce new class of Fuzzy sets, namely ?? ## -closed fuzzy set for Fuzzy topological spaces .This new class is properly lies between the class of ?-closed Fuzzy set and the class of ?? # -closed fuzzy set, we also introduce application of ?? ## -closed fuzzy sets, the concept of fuzzy ?? ## -continuous, fuzzy?? ## -irresolute mapping, fuzzy ?? ## -closed maps, fuzzy ?? ## -open maps and fuzzy ?? ## -homeomorphism in Fuzzy topological spaces are also introduced, studied and some of their properties are obtained

Online Big File Storage Mechanism

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Ms.Noopur Adarsh Purwar | Prof.Nilima Nikam,Prof.Vaishali Londhe

Abstract

Online data storage refers to the practice of storing electronic data with a third party service accessed via the Internet. It is an alternative to traditional local storage (such as disk or tape drives) and portable storage (such as optical media or flash drives). It can also be called "hosted storage," "Internet storage". One of the biggest benefits of online storage is the ability to access data from anywhere. As the number of devices the average person uses continues to grow, syncing or transferring data among devices has become more important. Not only does it help transfer data between devices, online data storage also provides the ability to share files among different users. This paper presents the different techniques which help in making online storage an easier way of storing data. Data deduplication is one of important techniques for eliminating duplicate copies of repeating data, and has been widely used in online storage to reduce the amount of storage space and save bandwidth. To protect the confidentiality of sensitive data while supporting deduplication,we have also proposed an encryption technique which helps in encrypting the data before storing it. Our approach to deduplication ,encryption and compression in online storage aims at reduction in storage space and efficient use.

Operations Research Technique for Merging Manpower in Industries for Optimization

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Govind Shay Sharrma | Dr.Sapna Shrimali

Abstract

In this paper , We have discussed the Merging of the man power which works in industries for enhancement the productivity. The purpose of study to find the role of Operations Research techniques for merge the man power of two different branch but having the similar work profile. In this paper we show that the process man power of a industry and Maintenance man power which having the same field can be merge and work together in the proper guidance. This concept helps to increase the labour productivity and cost reduction with respect to time. The paper present that the groups for execute may be merge and the number of executive can be purposed with the operation research techniques

Optimization of Water Consumption to meet New MoEFCC guidelines for Thermal Power Plants

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ritesh Dahikar | 

Abstract

The recent notification issued by Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC), Government of India, on 8th December 2015, with reference of S.O.3305 (E), Section 6 & 25 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, specified the new limits on maximum water intake consumption & achieving zero wastewater discharge for existing as well as newly installed Thermal Power Plants (TPP) in India. Additionally the notification has also specified SO2 emission limit from stack for both existing and newly installed TPP’s, which mandates the additional technology such as flue gas desulphurization (FGD) to meet this requirement, which requires additional make up water. The maximum new water consumption limit is set at 2.5 m3/MWh for newly installed Thermal power plant. Presently coal based TPP’s, typically consumes water in the range of 3.0to4.0 m3/MWh without considering FGD. This paper discusses the various possible optimization ways to meet this new water consumption limit, including additional water requirement for SO2 reduction and to ensure zero wastewater discharge from plant

Performance Analysis of Curved Directional Coupler

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Sonal Patil | Santosh Jagtap,Pravin Patil

Abstract

Optical transport networks are designed for high data rate transmission. To implement such a network it requires various passive components. The optical coupler is one of the important components of such a high capacity optical transport network. The coupling efficiency of coupler is wavelength sensitive and this degrades the performance of optical system that uses directional couplers for WDM transmission. A curved directional coupler has been proposed using silicon waveguides realizing the wavelength insensitive operation. The simulations are carried out using BeamPROP software and the effect on transmittance with respect to wavelength is analyzed. This curved coupler reduces the wavelength dependence.

Pharmaco-Informatics: Harnessing The Power Of Bioinformatics In Cancer Research & Management: A Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Preenon Bagchi | Tara Devi Chetry, Anuradha M

Abstract

One of the greatest challenges faced by the cancer researchers is that the disease varies so much from individual to individual. Even the same type of cancer – blood, brain, kidney, pancreas, and so on – can be different subtly. This concludes that a therapy working excellent in one patient may have absolutely no effect in another. Cancer Research worldwide has set up several centers and started collecting 9,000 tumor cells’ samples from a wide range of cancer patients and created a DNA database of cancerous cells. Researchers extract DNA from these tumors and scan them for a series of key genes involved in tumor development and compares & cross-checked against a range of cancer treatments, cancerous genes, to create a map of which treatments in particular works best for cancers associated with which particular genes. This is based on the concept of pharmacogenomics & pharmacoinformatics: certain genes predispose individual to respond to certain molecules in certain ways. Doctors can already test a cancer patient for a single known gene, knowing how tumors with that gene respond to a particular molecule. However currently they don’t have a way of testing with a broad panel or set of genes. And to compensate the problem, they don’t have a way of quicker and more accurate way of sharing information in-between research labs in the same city, across the country or internationally. With the proposed cancer DNA database, a doctor might analyze a patient’s cancerous tumor sample and prescribe a detailed tailored treatment plan within a very short period of time. Bioinformatics research is increasing steadily at an exponential rate. DNA sequences are available to researchers with just an Internet connection – along with free bioinformatics tools to explore any sequence data, predict the presence of genes/mutated genes, and compare features shared between various organisms.

Phase Synchronization analysis of Heart Rate Variability and Systolic Blood Pressure Variability under Postural Stress

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Barjinder Singh Saini | Amritpal Singh, Dilbag Singh

Abstract

In this paper, the coupling between heart rate variability (HRV) and systolic blood pressure variability is analyzed using a non-linear measure called phase synchronization index (PSI). 20 healthy subjects alongwith 20 post myocardial patients undergong postural stress were used for analysis. The results were validated on standard EuroBaVar dataset. Results demonstrate that i) for healthy subjects PSI in the low frequency (LF) range i.e. (0.04-0.15) Hz is greater than PSI in the high frequency (HF) range i.e. (0.151-0.4) Hz in the lying position. ii) LF-PSI is less than HF-PSI in the standing position ii) for post AMI patients, LFPSI is greater than HF-PSI irrespective of the change in posture. In conclusion, it is found that there is a coupling between HRV and SBPV that varies in the LF and HF regions. This coupling changes with a change in the posture from lying to standing due to change in the autonomous drive occurring due to predominance of vagal over the sympathetic drive. This change is suppressed in the post AMI patients due to possible inactivity of the Baroreflex control.

Pixel N-grams: Size, Location and Resolution Invariance for Shape Classification

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Pradnya Kulkarni | Andrew Stranieri,Julien Ugon

Abstract

X-ray screening for breast cancer is an important public health initiative in the management of a leading cause of death for women. However, screening is expensive if mammograms are required to be manually assessed by radiologists. Moreover it is subjected to perception and interpretation errors. Automated mammogram classification is promising however relies on the identification of image features that enhance classification accuracies. Features that represent the shape of a tumour have been found to be useful for breast cancer detection using mammographic images. Existing shape feature computation methods are computationally expensive and strongly dependent upon algorithms that can segment an image to localize a region of interest likely to contain the tumour. In this paper, we apply a novel feature extraction technique called Pixel N-grams inspired from character N-gram model in text categorization for classification of shape images. Experiments on a dataset constructed for the purpose, demonstrate that the Pixel N-gram features achieve promising shape classification results irrespective of the size and location of the shape in an image without segmentation. These features also achieve excellent classification accuracy for images of varying resolution. Further, Pixel N-gram features are computationally less complex to generate paving the way for mammogram classification on low resource computers.

Planning a Sustainable Development of Existing Village

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Arati Kochar | Dr. Hansa Jeswani

Abstract

In the past decade the world has woken up to the environmental deterioration & climate change. The scenario is not different in India. The main reason behind this is increased urbanization. Urbanization is an inevitable phenomenon and it is in fact a sign of a matured economy. India is witnessing tremendous growth in every sector. India has recently launched smart city project. But when the cities in developing world lack long term strategic planning, management skills and struggling with infrastructure provision and high concentration of poverty and slums, thinking of smart cities does not seem to be a realistic goal. Developing countries rather than being obsessed with the dream of smart cities should be focusing more to their villages and try to curb the urbanization growth. But smart village did not make inroads as the cost of developing physical infrastructure in low density rural areas were too high and the village Panchayets have scanty revenues to manage such infrastructure even if they are developed by state or federal funding. So sustainable villages can be another good option. Any society with less resource utilization and sustainable behavioral practices can help in controlling the deterioration of environment, achieving lower carbon footprint and thus could aid to minimize greenhouse emissions and climate change. Villages are more sustainable and resilient than cities. The main goal of the project is to develop a sustainable perspective plan for a village in Maharashtra. In the present study, the existing village has been studied in terms of efficient use of resources and energy. The overall consumption of electricity, water and other energy sources has been determined by circulating a questionnaire to all the villagers. Detailed analysis of last 10 years rainfall data and groundwater level survey has been carried out. After detailed analysis of the survey data, a perspective plan will be developed for sustainable development of that village. These findings will assist the government to strategize their efforts towards achieving village sustainability instead of smart cities.

Polyaniline for Removal of Methyl Orange Dye from Waste Water

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Jadhav Smita | Jaspal Dipika,Khamparia Shraddha

Abstract

Conducting polymers have emerged as effective adsorbents in the field of waste water treatment due to their cost effectiveness and higher environmental stability. The present investigation deals with the application of Polyaniline, a potential conducting polymer, for the removal of a toxic textile dye (Methyl Orange), from wastewater. The applied adsorbent, Polyaniline has been synthetically prepared by chemical oxidative polymerization of aniline with doping of an organic acid (oxalic acid). Batch studies were conducted to determine the effect of several influential parameters such as pH, amount of adsorbent, contact time and concentration at different temperatures. Preliminary adsorption studies revealed that maximum decolorization occurred at pH 3 after 5 hours of contact time. Almost 92% Methyl Orange removal was achieved at 50C with 0.03 g of the adsorbent. Studies revealed the efficiency of polyaniline for the removal of methyl orange from waste water.

Quality of Work Life

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Mr. Ramesh.V | 

Abstract

In modern era, it has been observed that stress management has become one of the most substantial concepts in the professional environment. It is also seen that working efficiency has degraded to some extent as professionals are unable to maintain a balance between their personal and professional lives. This difference has made organizations to formulate such policies that lead to better job performance which results in job satisfaction moreover employee satisfaction. This degree of satisfaction has been referred to as QUALITY OF WORK LIFE. Quality of work life is a process in an organization which enables its members at all levels to participate actively and effectively in shaping organizational environment, methods and outcomes. This study focuses on the subjective matter of QWL i.e. its key elements like job security, job performance, employee satisfaction etc.

Reactive Extraction of 2-methylenesuccinic acid using Tri-N-Butyl Phosphate In Natural Non-Toxic Diluent

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

M.D. Waghmare  | V. U. Ambalkar ,A. Waheed Deshmukh

Abstract

Reactive extraction is one of the most promising technique emerging as a substitute to recover caboxylic acids from the fermentation brothas compared to conventional methods.However the toxicity of the extractants and diluents is the major limitation to use this technique forthe recoveryof carboxylic acids from bioreactors. Selection of an extractant and diluent for reactive extraction should be on the basis of minimal toxicity and maximum extractive efficiency. Present paper deals with reactive extraction of 2-methylenesuccinic acid using tri-n-butyl phosphate in natural non-toxic sesame oil. Results were presented in terms of effect of dose of extrcant, distribution coefficients, loading ratio and degree of extraction. Both physical and chemical extraction methods were studied and the better performances of extractant-diluent combination over the diluent alone were observed.

Relation between Storage Volume and Erosion Control Performance of Woven Geomesh

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Vinay Kumar Midha | Suresh Kumar S

Abstract

Soil management techniques using vegetation and geomesh can mitigate runoff soil erosion. In this paper, the erosion control performance of different grade commercial coir and jute geomeshes were studied at different angle of soil slope using ASTM D 7101 standards, in a bench-sale setup with some modifications. The erosion control performance of geomeshes were correlated with the calculated storage volume of geomeshes and it was observed that the coir geomesh have better correlation with R 2 value of 0.858. Whereas, jute geomesh have a moderate correlation with R 2 value of 0.640, due to additional influence of high drapability, which facilitates better contact with soil surface and results in better performance than the calculated storage volume

Reliable Human Identification using IRIS as a Biometric

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Jayshree Sali | C.B.Kadu

Abstract

Among various methods of personal identification iris recognition is regarded as the most reliable and accurate system available. The purpose of this paper is to represent iris recognition algorithm so as to prove its reliability as a biometric on the basis of its performance. The images selected for study are from CASIA iris database. The classification is done on the basis of the most repeatedly occurring class using KNN classifier. Euclidian distance metric was employed to check the similarity between two iris images and the two images said to be matched if its value is less than or equal to threshold. The system was tested and shown an overall accuracy of 97.5 % with false rejection rate of 3% and false acceptance rate of 2%.

Review on QSD Multiplier Design Using VHDL

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Pooja s. Rade | Ashwini M. Khode, Rajani N. Kapse, Ankita M. Sor, Smruti G. Bhasme,Prashant Y. Shende

Abstract

- The need for high speed digital circuits became more prominent as portable multimedia and communication applications incorporating information processing and computing. In binary number system carry is a major problem in arithmetical operation including propagation delay and circuit complexity. To overcome this problem signed digit is required for carry free arithmetical operation. Further, literature reviews suggest that multi-valued logic (MVL) would be a better choice to address the problem of developing faster chips to perform faster computational operation. Quaternary Signed Digit (QSD) have major advantages in carry free arithmetical operation This paper is about a new number system for ALU. Carry free addition circuit is used to enhance the speed of operation. The design is structured for m × n multiplication where m and n can reach up to 126 bits. In this paper, we are giving the review of papers for the QSD multiplier.

Role of an Architect for Safety, Security and Privacy of Smart Cities

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Prof. Shrutee S. Dhanorkar | Prof. Aparna Tarar

Abstract

With the increasing population of urban areas, there are emerging trends and ideas for smart cities to respond the urgent need. It not only refers to the technical and technological advancement of the cities but it does refer to the planning aspects of the city which will help the citizens to have safe and secured built environment; retaining the privacy of spaces. These planning considerations will have great impact on human lives and their issues related to privacy and security. There is a conscious need to include privacy and security requirements into architectural Designs from the initial stage of design. The paper summarizes the major challenges and emerging issues to be watched out for the planning considerations of safe and secure built environment of smart cities. The key observation is that security and safety can be achieved: 1. By carving out interactive junctions to replace dark narrow spaces; 2. By imposing the spaces which can be directly viewed through the structures around (visual connectivity); 3. By integrating un-built spaces with the built spaces which will be used for different activities in different time slots of the day. In larger perspective this research proves to be fruitful for contribution towards smart city planning strategies which can be referred for designing safe and secured environment maintaining the privacy. This helps to nurture the sense of safety in built and un-built spaces of a smart city

Role of Hawthrone Studies in Human RelationApproach” Neo Classical Theory

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Mandeep Singh | 

Abstract

Human relation approach has highly influential in the modern world, first coined in the industrial scene, has penetrated far reaching scenario since its relatively recent inception in the 1920’s by Elton Mayo and his colleagues. They are well kno wn as Mayo group in human relations literature. Illumination experiment is the first one with which they started experimenting; later on they did some other experiments also. Elton Mayo often referred to as the Father of the "Human Relations" approach because of his intuitive thinking. He headed a staff of men who were to revolutionize the then-current trends and beliefs in industrial relations at the Hawthorne plant of the western Electric Company in Chicago. "In general, the studies established that men are not typically individualistic and materialistic, but social beings with social as well as material needs." This study shows how Hawthrone studies make an impact in human relation approach and it also reveals the importance of social and psychological factors in determining the workers’ productivity and satisfaction.

SIGMA V Elements in Lattice Modules

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Dr. C. S. Manjarekar | A. N. Chavan, Dr. U. R. Biraje

Abstract

Let L be a compactly generated multiplicative lattice with 1 compact in which every finite product of compact elements is compact and M be a module over L which is also a compactly generated in which the largest element is compact. In this paper we define Ap, in the lattice module M and obtain many properties where p is prime element of L. Finally we define - element in a lattice module M and obtain it's properties.

Silicon based Antennas-The Concept and Implementation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Ranjana Trivedi | Ritesh Saraswat,Susheela Choudhary,Pradeep Kumar Sharma

Abstract

The miniaturization of system is the growing demand of electronic industry. As we need to reduce the size, it needs a high level integration and low powers circuits for a small battery requirement. We need the small wave lengths and integrated antennas on chip for high frequency systems. Fractal structure antennas can be used for the structure of an antenna that can be compact in size with large band width. The fabrication process for this is well-matched with the standard CMOS process. A multiband Minkowski fractal patch antenna and Sierpinski carpet fractal antenna on an SOI substrate show a small return loss of for both the bands. The radiation efficiency, bandwidth and directivity are respectively according to the requirements

Social Entrepreneurship and Its Impact on Economy

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Arun VA | Justin MB

Abstract

This is a conceptual research article, on the topic Social Entrepreneurship and it?s impact on economy?. The data collected for the research was mainly from secondary sources. The various aspects of Social Entrepreneurship such as its introduction, history, the concept of Social Entrepreneurship, its needs, characteristics, importance, historical examples of leading Social entrepreneurs , the major organization in social entrepreneurship ,The types of Social entrepreneurship organizations, their role in economic development, their economic benefits, two cases of various Social enterprises, top ten Social entrepreneurs from India and the challenges faced by Social enterprises are being conveyed through the research article.

Stem Cells – A General Study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd June 2017

Arundhati Kanungo | Abhijeet Das

Abstract

All multicellular organisms contain some basic stem cells that have the potential to differentiate into a variety of adult cells. Regeneration and self-renewal assign a unique trademark to these special types of cells. Although stem cell research is highly debatable on life creation/destruction issue, these specialized cells tend to open new horizons in clinical research and treatment. Here, in this paper, we aim to provide a general overview on stem cells, its properties and types along with its various harvest procedures. Highlights are made on potential uses of stem cells in biomedical research along with the challenges and future perspectives of work at the crossroads of biology and computer science.

Stochastic Perishable Inventory Control in a Service Facility System Maintaining Inventory for Service: Semi Markov Decision Problem

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

R.Mugesh | S.Krishnakumar ,C.Elango

Abstract

In this article we address the problem of optimally controlling the service rate in a service facility system maintaining perishable inventory for service completion. We consider a finite service facility system having finite waiting space with Poisson arrivals and exponentially distributed service times and lif e time of items. For the given values of maximum inventory and waiting space capacity, we determine the order quantities at various instance of time so that the long run expected cost rate is minimized. The problem is modeled as a semi–Markov Decision Problem. We prove the existence of a stationary optimal policy and solve it by employing value iteration technique. Numerical example is provided to get insight into the system behavior.

Structural and Magnetic Properties of MFe2O4 Prepared by Solution Combustion Method

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Hina Bhargava | Sudheesh V D,Varkey Sebastian,Nygil Thomas

Abstract

Nan particles of spinel ferrite MFe2O4 where M= Co, Ni and Zn, were prepared using self-combustion technique. Using a combination of x ray diffraction and DC magnetization, the structural and magnetic properties of the nano particles have been studied. Although the preparation conditions were kept same, the particle size of NiFe2O4 (39.2nm) were smaller than that of CoFe2O4 (43.6nm) and ZnFe2O4 (42.1nm) hence the formation of NiFe2O4 is more exothermic in nature than the formation of CoFe2O4 and ZnFe2O4 . The dependence of DC magnetization doping have been studied.

Studies on Biologically Potent Ligands and Their Manganese(II) Complexes Synthesized Through Green Chemical Approach

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Dr. Naveen Sharma | 

Abstract

This paper incorporates the preparation, characterization and biochemical screening of the biologically potent ligands and their complexes with manganese(II). The ligands used in these studies are hydrazinecarboxamides and hydrazinecarbothioamides. These ligands and their corresponding metal complexes were synthesized by two synthetic procedures, i.e., microwave as well as the conventional heating. A comparison has been made between these two synthetic methods on the basis of the yield of the products, refluxing time and the solvent consumed. The structural deductions were made on the basis of magnetic measurements, electronic, infrared, ESR, and NMR spectral studies. The complexes of manganese(II)with hydrazincarboxamides have been synthesized.The bonding pattern of the ligands and the geometry of their manganese(II) complexes have been deduced on the basis of UV, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectral and X-ray diffraction studies.Some selected metal complexes and their parent ligands have been screened for their antifungal activities and the observed results have been explained.

Study of Initial Growth of Plants in Treated Water

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Garima Goswami | Chaitanya Sahadev,Dhananjay Rankawat,Yash Maheshwari, Ramesh Chandra Paliwal

Abstract

India is one of the few countries in the world which is endowed with abundant land and water resources. Due to its geographical situation and tropical conditions, India experiences vast spatial and temporary variation in the rainfall. About one third of the countrys area is drought prone, which includes parts of Rajasthan. Scarcity of water for irrigation in southern Rajasthan is a big challenge for the scientific community as well as policy makers. In the present scenario the irrigation water for crops comes from water bodies which has water from waste water treatment plants and many a times untreated water having solid waste including pathogenic bacteria and other microorganisms. Recycled irrigation water if not treated properly for pathogens may result into serious problems for the growing plants in the nurseries or crops in the fields. It can induce many types of diseases and other problems causing permanent damage to the young plants. This water therefore should be disinfected before using it for irrigation purposes. Chlorine in some form is generally used as disinfectant for making water pathogen free. In this paper the effect of added chlorine on the growth of plants is studied. Potted plants were watered with chlorinated water having different concentrations and their growth pattern was studied. The effect was studied for different plant parameters.

Study of Molecular Interaction of Streptomycin Drug at 303 K temperature and 2 MHz

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

A. B. Dhote | G. R. Bedare

Abstract

Experimental measurement of ultrasonic velocity, density and viscosity have been carried out on aqueous solution of Streptomycin at different concentrations at 303 K temperature and 2 MHz frequency. For velocity measurement, Ultrasonic Interferometer (Model No. F-81, Mittal, New Delhi) working at fixed frequency 2 MHz was used. From the experimental data of density (ρ), ultrasonic velocity (U) and viscosity (η), various acoustical parameters such as adiabatic compressibility (βa), Intermolecular free length (Lf), free volume (Vf) and Relaxation time (τ) were calculated. Ultrasonic studies may throw more light on the molecular interaction to know the behavior of solute and solvent molecules in liquid mixtures and solutions. Changes in concentration and temperature affect compressibility of solution, which in turn affects molecular interactions in liquid mixtures and solutions and structure making and structure breaking properties of solute in aqueous solution of Streptomycin. From this results drug absorption, transmission, activity and drug effects can be directly predicted

Study of Transformation of a Sustainable Neighbourhood in Urban Area Through Infrastructure Analysis for Future Smart Cities, Case Study Nagpur.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ar. Vijaya D. Choudhari  | 

Abstract

The central premise of this study is that the infrastructure facilities at the neighborhood level can affect its neighborhood sustainability and can it affect city development. It is now widely accepted that a relationship exists between the shape, size ,density and land use distribution of a neighborhood and its sustainability. The relative sustainability of , for example , high and low urban densities, or centralized and decentralized settlements is still disputed. Certain forms of neighborhood appear to be sustainable in some respects , for example in reducing travel , social and recreational facilities are nearby. Consequently, if any advances in neighborhood sustainability are to be made, then connections between the neighbourhood form and a range of infrastructure ,recreational and social facilities at neighbourhood level need to be established. A possible solution offered for achieving sustainable neighbourhood form through infrastructure is that of "a high density mixed use development within a restrictive geographical area with enhanced public transport and infrastructure facilities for making smart city". This study attempts to answer three key questions:  what is the existing form of selected neighbourhoods for the study purpose , to identify whether present neighbourhood form is based on sustainable neighbourhood concept if not then........  how can it be achieved?  how it will helpful for making future smart cities?

Study on Fiber Optic Gyroscope

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Sandhyarani N | P C Srikanth

Abstract

A ring laser gyroscope (RLG) consists of a ring laser having two independent counter-propagating resonant modes over the same path; the difference in the frequencies is used to detect rotation. It operates on the principle of the Sagnac effect which shifts the nulls of the internal standing wave pattern in response to angular rotation. Interference between the counter-propagating beams, observed externally, results in motion of the standing wave pattern, and thus indicates rotation.

Survey of Associative Classification Techniques for Text Mining

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Ms. Shweta M. Kambare | Asst. Prof. Mrs. Varsha A. Jujare, Asst. Prof. Mr. Atul A. Kumbhar

Abstract

Amount of unorganized text data is increasing day by day as the use of internet is increasing. Proper classification and knowledge discovery from these documents is an important area for research. Approximately 80% of the information of an organization is stored in unstructured textual format, in the form of reports, email, views and news etc. So there is need of automatic retrieval of useful knowledge from the huge amount of textual data in order to assist the human analysis. Associative classification is one of the most efficient techniques for text classification. Associative classification is integration of association rule mining and classification rule mining. In this paper, different techniques of associative classification are discussed in brief.

Synthesis and Characterization of Hydroxyapatite for Biomedical Applications

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

N. Bliss Shiny | Mr. S. Gnanavel

Abstract

Hydroxyapatite (HAp) is a mineral which is the main composition of bone and teeth in human body. It is well documented that the biocompatibility and bioactivity of bone or teeth could be improved through the synthesis of nanoparticle HAp. Among several methodologies available for synthesizing HAp wet chemical technique was found to be used for well controlling varying processing parameters. This article focuses on synthesis of HAp for surface modification of orthopedic and dental implants. HAp was synthesized using DiAmmonium Hydrogen Phosphate (DHP) and Calcium Nitrate Tetrahydrate (CNT) precursors. Proper care has been taken to maintain pH around 10.8 while stirring with the help of Ammonium Hydroxide (AH). The morphological analysis by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) measurement shows that the particles are tightly agglomerated with an average size of 300-400 nm. X-Ray Diffractometry (XRD) analysis detects the purity of HAp. Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDX) gives the elemental composition of HAp and further characterization through Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was also done.

Synthesis and Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles using Ricinuscommunis Plant and Study of their Biological Activity

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Vinay.S.P | Dr.Chandrashekar.N

Abstract

The main aim of this study is to evaluate the Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles synthesized from aqueous plant extract of Ricinuscommunis and study its Antimicrobial activity. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized by UVVIS spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The antimicrobial activity of synthesized silver nanoparticles was compared with their respective plant extract by agar well diffusion method was calculated. The zone of inhibition varied in range of 12 to17 mm with 100 ?g/ml silver nanoparticles concentration. The antimicrobial activity of synthesized silver nanoparticles was higher than that of the standard drug i.e. streptomycin (for bacteria). The synthesized nanoparticles of Ricinuscommunis have shown good antimicrobial efficacy as compared to plant extract and may prove to be better antimicrobial agent against wide range of microbes.

The Feasibility Study of BLE Based Wireless Sensors

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ankita Singh | 

Abstract

This paper is all about the results obtained from a feasible study about Bluetooth low energy based wireless sensors. The important demands of wireless technologies like low energy consumption and a resource saving simple protocol stack, have been met by the development of industrial wireless sensors. These fundamental necessities are rather fulfilled by Bluetooth low energy (new wireless standard).In order to explore the common applicability of BLE for wireless sensor systems, a self-designed BLE sensor system have been used. The results of various analyses made with BLE based wireless sensors are presented in the paper

The Hurdle of Program Outcomes Attainment and the Aid of Mathematical Approach

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Sapana P. Dubey | 

Abstract

Outcome based education system is the need of higher engineering education. It specifies learning objective for the students. To get the accreditation of a program through NBA, it is required to analyze the attainment of outcomes. Course Outcome, Program Outcome and Program Specific Outcome are three main outcomes through which we can measure the success of any program run for the engineering students. This paper describes the process to quantify the program outcomes using course outcomes. The mathematical approach will be applied in this process. The performance of the student is the key element of the evaluation of attainment of any program outcome.

The struggles of Ceylonese Women in Rani Manicka?s, The Rice Mother and The Japanese Lover

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Manimangai Mani | -

Abstract

The Ceylonese Tamils migration to Malaya started after the year 1894. Most of them were educated and were employed in the British civil service in Malaya. Brides were often imported from Ceylon for these men who are well settled in this new country. This study intends to expose the struggles faced by these Ceylonese Tamil women who were displaced due to marriage in the pre-colonial Malaya. The struggles of these women will be based on the female characters in Rani Manickas, The Rice Mother (2002)and The Japanese Lover (2010). Manicka, who is of Sri Lankan origin, was born and educated in Malaysia. She sheds light on the complications and challenges faced by displaced women in a patriarchal society and the roles they are expected to play. Both the novels selected for this study depict the journey of imported brides in Malaya and the difficulties faced by them in adapting to the new environment. These two novels will be studied in the light of postcolonial theory by looking into the issues of displacement and identity. This paper will reveal the difficulties faced by these women in adapting to the new place and culture. Secondly, it will explore the hardships faced by these women during the Japanese occupation and finally the roles that were destined to be played by these women. Being displaced in a strange land, the main characters in both novels are forced to adapt to the new environment and the new roles that the society expected them to play.

Thermal Analysis of Ca-FeSi inoculated. Ductile Iron

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Mr. Bahubali.B. Sangame | Mr. Vikram. B. Nalawade ,Mr. Suyog S. Patil,Mr. Swapnil S. Mali

Abstract

Ductile iron is an alloy of iron alloyed with carbon and silicon and manufactured by casting which offers good combination of strength and ductility. The presence of silicon in higher amount promotes the graphitization, inhibiting carbon to form carbides with carbide forming elements present. When Ce, Mg are added to the melt of iron with very low sulphur content, the carbon solidifies as spheroidal graphite. Due to this special microstructure containing graphite in nodular form, ductile iron possesses ductility & toughness superior to that of any cast iron & steel structure resulting in numerous successes in industrial application. The current work proposes thermal analysis system for analysis of ductile iron solidification processing. The system consists of standard pouring cup with built in thermocouple. The thermocouple is connected to data logger system so as to measure the time-temperature data of solidification sequence. The ductile iron treatment consists of composition control, melt pretreatment, magnesium treatment and inoculation processing. Even small change in processing can be monitored by thermal analysis and its effects on final microstructure and mechanical properties. The melting trials were conducted for varying amount of inoculant addition rate for Ca-FeSi inoculant, to study its effect on parameters of thermal analysis like eutectic undercooling temperature, recalescence, solidification pattern, final microstructure, and shrinkage tendency.

Three-Body Abrasive Wear Behavior of Al-8011 alloy Reinforced with Graphite and Red Mud Particulates

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Anil.K.C | Sachin Gadge,Rishabh Kumar Srivastva,K.V.Sreenivas Rao

Abstract

Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites have been in extensive demand due to their promising properties with respect to space, aerospace and automobile applications. In the present research work aluminum-red mud particulates (Al-RMp) &aluminum-graphite particulates (Al-Grp) reinforced composites were synthesized by traditional stir casting route. The reinforcement was varied from 4wt% to 20wt% in steps of 4wt%. The composites thus prepared were subjected to 3-body abrasive wear test as per the ASTM-G65 standard with three different loads of 10kg, 20kg and 30kg. The test was conducted for three different time periods of 10min, 20min, and 30min. The rotational speed of rubber wheel was set to 200rpm.The feed rate of the silica particles of 400 microns size were 28010 g/min. The specimens were also tested for hardness. The experimental results indicate that the hardness and the wear resistance of the composite increases with the increase in the addition of reinforcement particulate. Al-RMp composites exhibit higher hardness and better wear resistance compare to Al-Grp composites. Hardness and wear loss is quantified for all the test samples and reported.

Various Pretreatment Technologies for Bioethanol Production: A Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

Shefali Chokshi | Shreya Kundu,Kunal Majmudar

Abstract

Due to increase in population and industrialization, all over the globe the demand for fossil based fuel is constantly increasing. This increase in demand for non-renewable fossil based fuel is exhausting the reservoirs of oil as well as possesses severe threats to environment. Thus energy sector have shifted its focus from non-renewable fossil based fuel to renewable biofuels like biogas, bioethanol, biodiesel, etc., contributing towards sustainable development and overcome the threats to environment. Among these biofuels, bioethanol is substituting source of energy receiving special attention over the globe due to exhaustion of nonrenewable fossil fuels and has some significant advantages such as its capability to replace gasoline, to achieve the carbon emission goals under Kyoto Protocol and can be used as transportation fuel with minimal or no modifications in the existing vehicular engines. This bioethanol is produced using lignocellulosic materials and biomass like municipal solid waste, crops, etc. But crops cannot meet the global requirements of bioethanol production considering food v/s fuel debate. So, the lignocellulosic substances such as agricultural wastes, kitchen waste, municipal solid waste etc., are captivating raw material for bioethanol production. Agricultural wastes and kitchen wastes are not only cost effective but are also renewable and ample in quantity. Bioethanol from lignocellulosic material could be a promising technology though the process has several provocations and limitations such as handling and transport of the biomass and coherent pre-treatment methods for total delignification of lignocellulosic materials. Concentrations of fermentable sugars after enzymatic saccharification or enzymatic hydrolysis can be increased by considering appropriate pre-treatment methods, also improving the efficiency of the process. Converting glucose as well as xylose to bioethanol needs some new technologies, to make the whole process cost effective. This paper reviews various pre-treatment methods available for lignocellulosic materials to be further hydrolyzed and fermented to produce bioethanol.

Vibrational, Non-Linear Optical, Thermal And Energy Gap Studies On 4-(3-Bromophenyl)-2- Phenyl-1,3-Thiazole (BPPT): A Density Functional Theory Approach

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

V. Vasantha Kumar | Laxmikanth Rao

Abstract

Theoretical studies have been carried out on BPPT using DFT-B3LYP method using 6-311+G basis set. The geometrical parameters of the title molecule, like bond length, bond angle and dihedral angles have been calculated and studied. The IR wavenumbers have been calculated theoretically using above mentioned method and are compared with the experimental IR wavenumbers. From this analysis, it can be seen that the vibrational frequencies obtained from B3LYP method are in good agreement with the experiment. Nonlinear optical properties like dipole moment, hyper polarizabilities and thermal properties like rotational constants, zero point vibrational energies are calculated using the same methodology. The effect of temperature on various thermodynamic properties have been calculated theoretically and reported. The frontier molecular orbital studies have been carried out to explain the charge transfer in title molecule.

GOLD SCHEMES Can They Replace The Need To Hold Physical Gold? Expectations and Realities

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th May 2017

M. Sudha Madhavi | T.V. Janaki

Abstract

From ages Indian womens love for gold is very famous. The yellow metal which was described as barbaric relic by famous thinkers has always been occupying prime place in the life of Indian woman. However for a long period of time Indian Government failed to consider this fact and capitalize it. They followed US way and considered gold as evil asset. The picture has reversed with the bounce back of the gold in global economy. In spite of much disregard of modern economist about its economic value, to their shock gold now proves its mystic hidden power by bouncing back as a financial asset in the global economy. Realizing the power of gold which is backed by 20,000 tons of gold lying idle with people and temple Modi government accepted gold as a reality of the Indian Economy and launched three gold schemes namely Gold Monetization Scheme, Sovereign Gold Bonds and Gold Coin Scheme. Monetization is the process of converting or establishing something into legal tender. However, still the questions remain about the success of the schemes. GMS aims to alleviate the need to hold physical gold or in more precise finance terms improve the productivity of gold. Will the scheme trio achieve the purpose? If not what modifications are required to be adopted for taking the scheme much more nearer to people knowing the Indian psychology towards gold. The present paper is a discussion paper on these thought provoking issues. Authors attempt to trigger few questions into the minds of the esteemed academicians with a modest attempt to provide few suggestions.