International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management:



ISSN:

2456-1304

Number of Papers:

546

Journal Site:



Environmental Education

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 26th September 2018

E. Divya Devi | S. Lenin

Abstract

Environment is the sum total of all surroundings of a living organism including natural forces and other living things, which provide conditions for development and growth as well as danger and damage. Environment Education is defined in its broader sense to encompass raising awareness, acquiring new perspectives, values, knowledge and skills, and formal and informal processes leading to changed behaviour in support of an ecologically sustainable environment. This paper deals with the promotion of environmental education and also the steps to enhance the features of environmental education

Study on Consumer Brand Preference towards Green Tea in Thoothukudi City

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

R.Mohana | DR.K.Kamalakannan

Abstract

Tea has been cultivated for centuries and remains one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world. Tea is one of the most refreshing and popular beverage. Green tea is the common scientific name of the herb Camellia Sinensis. It has been cultivated in China and the Asian region for thousands of years, and today, tea is the second most popular drinks, served both hot and cold. Many health benefits are said to be gained by consuming tea, Green Tea has recently become more widespread in India. Green Tea has been historically promoted for having a variety of positive health benefits. Green Tea may help to reduce the risk of cancer, promote oral health, reduce blood pressure, and help with weight control. In this regard, the main objective of the study is know the preference of the consumers regarding the consumption of Green Tea. The collected data with the help of well - structured questionnaire. Sixty five samples were taken in Thoothukudi town for this study. The data subjected to analysis and the findings of the study reveals that the maximum of the respondents prefer Tajmahal brand of green tea. Majority of the respondents are having green tea in evening alone and most of the respondents are said the green tea price is high. The study also reveals that majority of respondents feel the green tea for diet support.

(G,D) - Number of Weak Product and Composition of Graphs

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

A.Niranjana |  K. Palan,S. Kalavathi

Abstract

(G,D)-number of graphs was introduced by Palani K and Nagarajan A. Let G be a (V,E) graph. A dominating set is a subset D of V such that every vertex in V-D is adjacent to atleast one vertex of D. A (G,D)-set D of G is a subset D of V(G) which is both a dominating and a geodetic set of G.In this paper, we find the (G,D)-number of weak(or kronecker) product and strong product (or composition)of some standard graphs.

A Case study of 5S implementation in Manufacturing Enterprises

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Gopinath S | Vikram H,Sivarampandian J

Abstract

In todays competitive world, it is quite necessary for an organization to maintain certain key strategical tools to survive in the market. Lean manufacturing is defined as a systematic procedure which helps in the process of waste management and elimination within an enterprise. Lean manufacturing involves 5S which is a set of principles and standards. This research paper emphasis on formulating key essential certifications that a manufacturing industry must procure so to maintain standards. 5S is one of the key tools that a company can acquire that helps it in continuous improvement culture. 5S proclaims for certain visual disciplines to be maintained. 5S strategical represents systematic approach for the overall improvement in quality, productivity and improvement. This research paper proposes the various aspects of 5S and value based analysis is done using certain analytical softwares. SMEs were approached with different questionnaires and proper survey data was collected, interpreted and used for analysis. Relationship between each category is realized and conclusion drawn.

A Comparative Study of Price Indices of Some Essential Agricultural Commodities

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Sarika Y. Thakare | Sunil B. More

Abstract

This research paper deals with the comparative study of rise in the prices of various commodities which are very commonly used in India. The rise in prices are studied for past twelve years i.e. from the year 2005 to 2016. For this, some commonly used food grains such as rice, wheat, jowar and bajra are studied for their variations in the prices year wise. Also the most popular and required types of vegetable such as onion, tomato and potato are considered for comparative study of fluctuations in prices. This research paper also gives the behavioral changes in the prices of the mostly desired fruits such as banana, apple, mango and orange. To study all about these, Index numbers are used which is a useful way of expressing economic data time series and comparing commodities. With the help of time series analysis and index number theory, it is tried to study the comparative variations among the prices of various products which are very important in our day to day life. In this paper, an attempt is made to study the inflation rate, reasons behind the fluctuations and its impact on farmers and customers. Also it is tried to study whether these variations are very significant or not

A Comparative Study on Design Wind Speed Using Extreme Value Type-1 Distribution and IS875 Approach

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th April 2018

N. Vivekanandan  | 

Abstract

Assessment of wind speed in a region is a pre-requisite while designing tall structures viz. cooling towers, stacks, transmission line towers, etc. This can expediently be carried out by Extreme Value Analysis (EVA) of hourly wind speed (HWS) data using probability distribution, or by using standard procedures available under Bureau of Indian Standards code of practices (IS 875) for building and structures. This paper details a study on EVA of HWS data recorded at India Meteorological Department observatories of Delhi and Visakhapatnam adopting five parameter estimation methods of Extreme Value Type-1 (EV1) distribution. The adequacy of fitting of EV1 distribution was quantitatively assessed by Goodness-of-Fit (GoF) tests such as Anderson-Darling and Kolmogorov-Smirnov, and diagnostic test using root mean squared error. The GoF and diagnostic tests results present the order statistics approach (OSA) is better suited amongst five methods adopted for estimation of wind speed for Delhi and Visakhapatnam. The results of 3-second average wind speed obtained from EVA of hourly rainfall adopting EV1 (using OSA) distribution are compared with IS 875 approach for arriving at a design wind speed. Based on the results obtained from EV1 distribution and IS 875 approach, the recommendations are made and presented in the paper.

A Comparative Study on Rural and Urban Women with Respect to Entrepreneurial Activity

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Ashima Kapoor | 

Abstract

Rural and urban women are makers of family; they help the nation to grow. In our country development, women are socially and economically necessary. Entrepreneurship is the activity which is present in the women but is not capitalized in India in which it should be. The Big reason in India is that it is Male dominated country where the voice of women cannot be heard by the society. They think women are born only for household work because of which the rural and urban women cannot explore themselves. So in this study we will try to find out the various problems and inspiring factors of women entrepreneurship in rural and urban areas of Delhi. We will try to suggest the ways of eliminating and reducing the problems of the women entrepreneurship in rural and urban areas

A Comprehensive Review – Anatomical, Functional and Molecular profiling of honey bee wax moth Galleria mellonella

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th September 2017

S. Pooja Sri | S. Sribal

Abstract

The greater wax moth Galleria mellonella attracts the view of many researchers by their anatomical, functional and molecular profiling patterns. Mostly the larvae feeds on honey bee hive and Larvae of the greater wax moth Galleria mellonella have been shown to provide a useful insight into the pathogenesis model of a wide range of microbial infections including mammalian fungal (Fusarium oxysporum, Aspergillus fumigatus, Candida albicans) and bacterial pathogens, such as Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus vulgaris, Serratia marcescens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Listeria monocytogenes or Enterococcus faecalis [1]. Like mammals, insects possess a complex innate immune system. In addition, analogies are found between the epithelial cells of insect larval midguts and intestinal cells of mammalian digestive systems. Finally, several basic components essential for the bacterial infection process such as cell adhesion, resistance to antimicrobial peptides, tissue degradation and adaptation to oxidative stress are likely to be important in both insects and mammals [2]. Thus, insects are polyvalent tools for the identification and characterization of microbial virulence factors involved in mammalian infections [1]. In 1934, many researchers focused on studying the larval body fluids to understand the biochemical mechanism of the honey bee moth. The larva of Galleria mellonella is available as in commercial for feeding the predatory insects. Not only this organism is used an innate immunity model but also it is now investigating for doing a research in genetic hereditary studies of sterility mechanism. The main aim of this review paper is to provide the current knowledge of this organism anatomical, functional, molecular profiling. My future aspects is to do whole genome sequence of this organism and also to create novel knock out model for understanding the interaction of foreign particles with the innate immune response disorders

A Conceptual Framework for Green Supply Chain Management based on Drivers and Challenges

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th June 2018

Sourabh Jain | Dr. Ajay Verma

Abstract

Green supply chain management has been seemed as an environmental innovation with considering several environmental affect into chain management. The essential reason of this find out about is to reveal the new progressive areas of this emerging field such as all those improvement that are relevant to environmental and social sustainability towards operation management and furnish chain management. Sustainable improvement has made top notch growth in establishing environmental and social sustainability in the direction of operations administration and the furnish chain. This paper also point out the reasons why any company adopt green supply chain management. The motive of this research paper is formed a conceptual framework for green supply chain management based on drivers and challenges. Several drivers and challenges are obtained by literature review

A Conceptual Framework for Green Supply Chain Management based on Drivers and Challenges

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th July 2018

Sourabh Jain | Dr. Ajay Verma

Abstract

Green supply chain management has seemed as an environmental innovation with considering several environmental effects into chain management. The essential reason of this find out about is to reveal the new progressive areas of this emerging field such as all those improvements that are relevant to environmental and social sustainability towards operation management and furnish chain management. Sustainable improvement has made top-notch growth in establishing environmental and social sustainability in the direction of operations administration and the furnish chain. This paper also points out the reasons why any company adopt green supply chain management. The motive of this research paper is formed a conceptual framework for green supply chain management based on drivers and challenges. Several drivers and challenges are obtained by literature review.

A Conceptual Model Based Approach to Assess the Hydrologic Processes in Dakshin Dinajpur district of West Bengal, India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th December 2017

Rupak Kumar Paul | 

Abstract

The lumped version of HBV model was calibrated for areas comprising five adjacent catchments to which the district Dakshin Dinajpur is nested. With the calibrated parameter the model was applied to the district to simulate the components of hydrological system (e.g. runoff, actual evaporation, groundwater recharge etc.,) and subsequently multiple linear regression analysis was done to assess the impact of natural and human factors, if any, on each component with a view to having a comprehensive understanding of behavior of hydrologic system pertaining to the district. To substantiate the output of regression analysis Mann-Kendall test was applied to observe whether the trend in explanatory variables, if any, correspond to that in response variables. It is observed that in last sixteen years on an average there is no change in monsoon rainfall while non-monsoon rainfall is decreasing gradually that causes reduction in annual runoff by about 31.93% with respect to its estimated value in the base year 2000. Direct runoff is decreasing at the rate of 6.84 mm per year. There is no change in groundwater recharge that comes from monsoon rainfall through the base flow is declining over the time at the rate of 6.73 mm per year and this can be attributed to increasing withdrawal of groundwater for irrigation use in a lean season so far as the result of regression analysis indicates. Thus, two factors – rainfall and groundwater based irrigation – have been proved statistically to be capable of explaining the changing behavior of hydrologic processes in the district.

A CUDA Based Implementation of Image Verification Tool Using Computer Vision Libraries

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th April 2018

Naveed Anjum Khan | S. K. Kapde

Abstract

Image Verification has become the major trend in automation industry to Validate images from high-resolution cameras at the greater performance. Recent Technological developments in computing have made it possible for image Processing algorithms to work at greater speed and at higher accuracy. However, in traditional serial manners, the operations of both methods are time-consuming. In this project, initially we are proving the possibility of CUDA based implementation of image comparison algorithms to automate image verification using NVIDIA CUDA Enabled Graphics Processing Unit, later we are going to compare the results with serial implementation and, finally a service executable based tool is developed using COM as well as named pipes based Inter-Process Communication interface to make these parallel algorithms accessible by third-party tool like Lab view.

A Detailed Study on Vegetation Indices - Towards Agriculture Degradation Monitoring In Madurai Region, South India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

A.Priyanga | S.Jeyaram Shibu,R.A.Alagu Raja

Abstract

The appetite for up-to-date information about earth’s surface is ever increasing, as such information pro- vides a base for a large number of applications, including local, regional and global resources monitoring, land-cover and land-use change monitoring, and environmental studies. The data from remote sensing satellites provide opportunities to acquire information about land at varying resolutions and has been widely used for change detection studies. Change detection is a technology ascertaining the changes of specific features within a certain time interval. It provides the spatial distribution of features and qualitative and quantitative information of features changes. The main aims are to determine whether vegetation composition, structure and condition are changing over time or in response to a management intervention. . Remote sensing refers to the detection and recording of values of emitted or reflected electromagnetic radiation with sensors in aircrafts or satellites. The remote sensing datasets, such as satellite imageries and aerial photographs, would be a useful tool for monitoring purposes. This paper gives with comparing the performance of various vegetation indices parameters on semi arid region Madurai, Tamilnadu. There are forty index parameters calculated for this purpose. These parameters are grouped into first generation indices and second generation indices. The classified vegetation indices are further grouped into two main categories: indices created from the combination of two spectral bands, notably the red and near infrared , and indices created from the combinations of three or four bands. Some of the popular indices calculated are NDVI, SAVI, TVI, EVI, and PVI computed for the Resourcesat (IRS- P6) satellite imagery and the results are compared. From the vegetation classified output maps, the change map is computed. The change map is a measure of extent to which vegetation has been degraded in the study area during the two dcades.. In this paper, a method is proposed for vegetation cover estimation from multi spectral satellite data based on vegetation index. The timely difference between the vegetation cover of Madurai region, Tamilnadu during different time periods have been computed using post classification change detection comparison. The results show the extent of vegetation degradation during the concerned time p

A dimensionless approach to model granule size variation in UASB reactor: Model development and its validation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th February 2018

Vidya Singh | Ram Pal Singh, Anuradha Pandey, Narendra Deo Pandey

Abstract

Granule size and its variation plays an important role in satisfactory performance of upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor especially in the treatment of industrial and low strength domestic wastewaters. The present study is aimed to model the granule size variation based on fourteen quantifiable variables influencing the granulation and granular size development in UASB reactor. They include organic loading rate, inflow rate, gas production rate, volatile suspended solids, total suspended solids, specific methanogenic activity, sludge volume index, operation time, time for which constant organic loading rate was maintained during the reactor operation, effluent COD concentration, polymer dosing, liquid upflow velocity, granules settling velocity and reactor diameter. Dimensionless mathematical functions are developed for granule size variation using these variables. The non- linear multiplier function with each dimensionless terms as power function is subjected to non-linear regression and the function so developed has been then validated using the experimental results from literature. The results show that the developed non-linear function is capable of predicting the granule size variation in UASB reactor satisfactorily with maximum error in prediction being less than 5.5%. The results of sensitivity analysis show that the liquid inflow rate is the most sensitive parameter among the fourteen variables considered in simulation of granule diameter.

A New Approach DSS for Suitability Analysis

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Nitin Kumar | -

Abstract

Decision support systems (DSS) are highly used in industries like management and administration. However, recently they are also being used in engineering for solving problems up to certain extent. Suitability analysis is a technique used in civil and environmental engineering which is majorly GIS based. A DSS was developed for suitability analysis of various natural aspects of a region with its implementation in civil and environmental. The system is a graphical user interface developed programmatically with the help of MATLAB. It is based on direct interaction and processing with images. It was implemented on LULC, Drain ability, and slope to study the simultaneous effect of these features and observe their combined contribution to the analysis. It was observed that the system can produce the combined effect and also produce the simultaneous effect of variation of weights of features and elements of input images in real time. The number of features being studied simultaneously can be varied according to the requirement of the study.

A new historicist study of Jack London‘s novella 'The Red One‘ and Solomon Islands Tribes and Traditions

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th December 2017

S. Malathi | S.S.Jansi Rani

Abstract

This paper reviews the novella, ‘The Red One’ written by Jack London (1916), in a new historicist perspective. The novella is set in Guadalcanal of Solomon Islands. New historicist practice selects an anecdote. The anecdote is the microcosmic image of the power relations which the critic seeks to elaborate in relation to the main text of discussion. A paragraph from a letter written by a missionary to prospective funders for the church is selected as the anecdote. The anecdote reveals the preconceived ideas of a European visiting the islands for the first time. The description is compared with anthropological studies on the tribes and traditions of the islanders. The traditions of the islanders are viewed from a colonial perspective in the anecdote. Expressions for fear of forest, savages hiding in it for the opportunity to kill and eat the missionaries are analyzed. The novella and the anecdote share the same ideology. Descriptions of practices of the islanders like the head-hunting, cannibalism, mortal fear of the forest, deep-seated covetousness of the protagonists in both narratives are discussed. What emerges is the manifest colonial discourse that seeks to usurp the land, enslave the people to sustain its economy. The power relations between the colonials and the natives are established. Historical accounts of blackbirding or capturing people by force for indentureship, missionary correspondence, legal documents, and letters are used to explore the ideology and social texts of colonialism. The flexibility of new historicist methodology, which does not prescribe a canonical standard for research, is used effectively. Illustrations of the islanders and their artifacts and missionaries are included.

A note on Ultra L-Topologies

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 28th August 2018

Pinky | 

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the lattice structure of the set FX of all Ltopologies on a given finite set X when membership lattice L is a finite Boolean lattice. All the ultra L-topologies and their number in the lattice FX are determined.

A Parametric Study of Grit Blasting Nozzle Variables for Aerospace Metals Surface Preparation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Dr. E. Daniel Kirby | Dr. Ravindra Thamma,Miroslaw Kot

Abstract

Grit blasting is a common and reliable method for surface preparation of aerospace metal components for subsequent operations. Unfortunately, the complex nature of aerospace components creates difficulty in providing sufficient cleaning of surfaces within tight cavities and intricate geometries. Manufacturers of grit blasting equipment have created different media types and sizes, along with different nozzles and blasting parameters, in order to provide a large variety of capabilities within this technology. This investigation of different nozzle designs and parameters, involved the use of quantitative methods, developed to evaluate the effectiveness of grit blast surface cleaning. The most critical aspect of grit blasting is the erosion effect on surface of the material, and therefore the amount of material removed is used as the response parameter for this study. This analysis will show amount of material removal and recommendations as to which method provides the safest parameters before significant amount of material is removed.

A Review of Opinion Extraction and Analysis

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th April 2018

S. C. Nandedkar | J. B. Patil, P. A. Joshi

Abstract

The Internet is becoming user-centric and people preferring to exchange opinions through online social means such as – discussion forums, blogs and micro-blogs. This user opinion base is a valuable resource for buyers, as well as sellers’ perspective. It is helpful for buyers to choose a good product and helpful for sellers to improve their product. This is the task known as opinion mining and analysis. This paper represents a simple approach for understanding customers review using machine learning technique. It also illustrates the steps: data gathering, preprocessing, POS tagging, dependence analysis, opinion and target word finding. It also gives the technique for measuring the performance of the above-stated system. Finally, it creates the knowledge base to fulfil the said intention.

A review on bridging (Reducing) the SG (Semantic Gap) in CBIR and Annotation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Tabassum Nahid Sultana | Md Abdul Haleem Bahadur, [3]Dr. Ruksar Fatima,[4]Mohammed Shakeeb Ahmed

Abstract

: this paper has tried to identify the problems in content based image retrieval technique. The key obstacle of CBIR approaches is the SG i.e., the difference between the low level features to high level concept of human perception. To extend the image retrieval process beyond low level visual descriptors to high level image semantics. Therefore researches proposed different SBIR techniques to bridge the SG using various machine learning algorithms for the extraction of semantic images to increase the accuracy of the image retrieval process.

A Review on Drilling Process of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic Laminates

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Ashwanth. B | Balaji. P,Guruprasaad. M,Suresh Kumar. M. S

Abstract

Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastics have found wide range of application in aerospace, automobiles, sports and in energy sector due to their high strength to weight ratio. Drilling CFRP composites is a challenge as they are anisotropic materials. Over the years though lot of work has been done to address this issue there is still huge scope for improvement in drilling CFRP composites. This paper gives a literary review of drilling of CFRP composites over the years. This paper also identifies the various factors causing delamination and affecting the quality of the drill and thus provides general recommendations for the selection of process parameters of the drill for better quality of finish.

A Review on Medicinal Importance and Synthesis of benzothiazolo-[2, 3b]-quinazolin-1-one Derivatives via Multi-Component Reactions

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th April 2018

Satish A. Dake | Ashok R. Yadav, Changdev V. Mane, Jyoti M. Weldode, Rajendra P. Pawar

Abstract

Synthesis of benzothiazolo-[2, 3b]-quinazolin-1-ones and their derivatives offered important biological and pharmaceutical applications in Chemistry research field. Multi-component reactions in recent days gained a new aspect in designing methods to produce sophisticated libraries of biologically active heterocyclic compounds. Green Chemistry has become a powerful tool in Chemistry in the last decade and recent areas of interest are the production of organic bioactive molecules via MCRs with an environmentally friendly solvent system such as water, ionic liquids etc. Multi-component methodologies contribute remarkable advantages over conventional reactions due to maintaining their atom economy, convergence, easy work-up procedure, structural multiplicity and short reaction time. The present review expresses various synthetic methods and medicinal importance of benzothiazolo-[2,3b]-quinazolin-1-ones and their derivatives.

A Review Paper on Facial Expression Recognition: Atlas Construction and Sparse Representation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th April 2018

Ashwini S. Sugave | Ashwini Gaikwad

Abstract

The human face can exhibit complex and strong changes that are both unpredictable and varying in time. Nowadays, facial expression recognition has become a emerging and research topic due to advancement in this field. In this paper , we study about many facial expression techniques, but these two techniques are most utilized for facial expression recognition. In existing method atlases are constructed using conventional group-wise registration method due to which lot of subtle and important information lost. To overcome this limitation sparse based atlas construction method and Spatio-temporal information are represented for better performance in recognition process. This paper presents a quick survey of facial expression recognition.

A Serve on Multi-keyword Based Search and Privacy Preservation of Distributed Document in the Network

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th April 2018

Dipeeka P. Radke | Shweta Warhadkar, Unnati Kedare

Abstract

In information networks, owners can store their documents over distributed multiple servers. It facilitating user to store and access their data in and from multiple servers by sitting anywhere and on any device. It is a very challenging task to provide efficient search on distributed document also provide the privacy on owner’s document. The existing system provides one possible solution that is privacy preserving indexing(PPI). In this system, documents are distributed over multiple private servers which are collectively controlled by cloud/public server. When the user wants some documents, their query to the public cloud, which then returns the candidate list that is private server list to the user. After getting the list, the user can search the document on a specific private server but in this system, documents are stored in plain text form on the private server that is privacy is compromised. But proposed system enhanced this existing system to make it more secure and efficient. First documents are stored in encrypted form on the private server and then use key distribution centre (KDC) for allowing decryption of data received from the private server, at the client side. The proposed system also implements TF-IDF, which provides the ranking results to users.

A Study of Needs of Enhancing Vocational Teachers’ Professional Competencies in Thailand

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 25th January 2018

Tongluck Boontham | 

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to study the needs and guidelines on enhancing vocational teacher’s professional competencies. The sample was 400 vocational teachers in vocational schools in Thailand using multi-stage random sampling. Research instruments were dual-response forma questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Priority Needs Index (PNI) and content analysis. The research findings were as follows; 1. The current state of enhancing to vocational teachers’ professional competencies was at a high level and the expected state of enhancing to vocational teachers’ professional competencies was at the highest level as follows; instruction aspect, self-development aspect and teaching professional ethics aspect. That means the needs of enhancing vocational teacher’s professional competencies in all aspects. 2. The most critical needs were self-development Aspect, followed by instruction aspect, and teaching professional ethics aspect as follows; The most critical needs in self-development were research and development. The most critical needs in instruction aspect were instruction planning preparation. The most critical needs in teaching professional ethics were living the good life.

A Study of Personality Type Determining the Choice of Bachelor of Education Programme

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th June 2018

K.Runi Nakro | Dr. Imtisungba

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the type of personality of student teachers opting for BED programme. The survey method was used in the present study. Introversion-Extroversion test developed by Dr. R.A.Singh was used for collection of the data. The sample consisted of 115 student teachers of both second and fourth semesters of State college of teacher education, Kohima, Nagaland. The findings of study reveals that majority of the student teachers enrolled to the BED programme belong to extrovert type of personality. female.

A Study of Stock Market Investors’ Perception towards Price and Term of the Investment

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 25th May 2018

Dr. Shalu Kotwani | 

Abstract

During last one decade investment pattern of investors has changes. Now the investors consider many factors like primary and secondary sources of information, risk and return of the investment, sectors’ volatility and so on, before investing, but still the most important and common basic factor that is considered by the investors is price and term of the investment. Based on the current price of the security, the investor decides for how much time he is going to hold that security. This research focuses on what investors of stock market think about price and term of the investment and how this factor affects their investment decision. To extend the same, this research reviews the previous studies on the investors’ perception and stock market concepts. Z- test was used on 160 stock market investors of Indore, Ujjain, Dewas and Bhopal.

A Study of the Effect of Pyrites and Rhizobium Inoculation on Chlorophyll and Sugar Content in Black Gram under Sodicity Stress Condition.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Raj Rupali Singh | 

Abstract

The study reveals that sodic conditions of soil resulted in poor bio-synthesis in black gram plants and hence both chlorophyll‘a’, ‘b’ and reducing and non-reducing sugar contentsdecreased with increasing levels of RSC water treatments. Incorporation of iron pyrites as an ameliorating agent significantly improved the availability of nutrients and enhanced the chlorophyll and sugar content. The Rhizobium inoculated treatments supplemented with 50 g iron pyrites pot-1 adjusted best among all the treatments and plants could withstand irrigation with 2.5 meL-1 RSC water without being adversely affected. Further, 7.5 meL¬-1 proved detrimental for plant growth and recorded maximum reduction in sugar and chlorophyll contents in the treatments which were not supplied with pyrites

A Study of Trend Analysis Using LDA and Information Filtering

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th April 2018

Nisha K. Lagad | Padmapani P.Tribhuvan

Abstract

Term and pattern related approaches are used in information filtering. These approaches are used for generating users information needs from a large number of documents. A prediction for these techniques is the documents in the collection are all about the same topic. However, in reality, users’ interests can be diverse and the documents in the collection often involve multiple topics. Topic modelling, such as Latent Dirichlet Allocation is given to generate statistical models to represent multiple topics in a collection of documents, and this has been widely utilized in the fields of machine learning and information retrieval. Patterns are always thought to be more discriminative than single terms and words for describing documents. However, the large amount of discovered patterns hinder them from being effectively used in real time applications, therefore the selection of the most discriminative patterns from the number of discovered patterns becomes crucial.

A Study on “Critical Pedagogy” in NCF 2005 adopted by English teachers at Upper Primary stage in Manipur with reference to low achievement of students

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Dr. M. Gunamani Singh | 

Abstract

This paper presents the results from a qualitative research study that explores the experiences of high school teachers with some of teaching techniques and approaches in critical pedagogy.The study considers teachers who may not have explicitly learned about or applied critical pedagogy in teaching. It investigates how feasible and desirable they find the techniques and approaches in critical pedagogy to be based on their teaching experiences these teachers work in school with largely upper – middle class students, so the issue of applying critical pedagogy with affluent students adds a dimension of interest to this study.It was generally expected that school teachers would be implementing several teachingapproaches relating to critical pedagogy prescribed in NCF-2005 but these pedagogieswere found only partially implementedby them at Elementary stage in Manipur. Probably this could be one of the main reasons that the problem of low achievement in English persisted in some schools and English language learners did not attain the proficiency of languageskills required at the end of the Elementary stage in Manipur. Therefore, there isneed to address this issue because it may not help future careers of the children. After the identification of this problem, ten schools (5 Private English medium schools and 5 Government schools) were selected for our study. Among these 5 Private schools, 2 of them were convent schools. Of the 5 Government schools, one is a model school where relatively more facility has been created by the Government. In order to carry out the investigation, questionnaires were administered to the teachers of English, who are working in these ten schools and their responses were analyzed. In addition, the Heads/Principals were also consulted by the investigator in relation to teaching/learning process, evaluation systems and their administration. We found some

A Study on Impact of Digital Marketing in Customer Purchase Decision in Thoothukudi

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th September 2018

R. Tiffany | S. Santhana Kamala,M.Phorkodi

Abstract

Digital marketing can be defined as the process of promoting of brands using digital distribution channels comprising internet, mobile and other interactive channels. The basic advantage in this form of advertising lies in its low cost model. The aim of the study is to examine the implication of digital marketing in consumer purchase decision and to find out whether the consumers are aware of digital marketing and the digital channels influence their purchase decision. The study is carried out through survey from 50 respondents. The results of the survey are analyzed using chi square test. The findings revealed that customers are aware of digital marketing and they prefer to by shopping goods through digital channels. The study is performed in a particular geographical area and this may be considered as a limitation to judge the purchase decisions of all customers of various regions. As the world is moving towards digital era, the digital channels play a vital role in the increase of sales of any firm’s products. So the present study made an attempt to reveal the impact of digital marketing on customer purchase decision. This report will help to get an idea about digital marketing and how the digital marketing has impact on revenue generation for digital marketing companies

A Study on Job Satisfaction of Women Employees in Fireworks Industries at Sivakasi

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd August 2018

V.Murugeswari | 

Abstract

- A woman is the builder and moulder of a nation’s destiny. Though dedicate and soft, she has a heart far stronger and bolder than man. She is the supreme inspiration for man’s onward, an embodiment of peace, love, pity and compassion. Ostensibly the position occupied by women in a society determines the degree of development of that particular nation. Fireworks industry is one of the labour intensive industries in our country especially in South India. It mainly depends more upon women that men. Hence in this study an attempt is made by the researcher to study how far the women labourers involved in the fireworks industry are satisfied with their job. The present study has been undertaken with the primary objective of analyzing the factors influencing job satisfaction and opinion of women employees in fireworks industry. The investigation encompassed an extensive survey to obtain primary data from sample respondents of 114 employees in Sivakasi. The interview schedule covered all the details like personal data, factors like system of wage payment, bonus, advance , incentives etc., The data were collected using the investigation list which contained 25 phrases on Likert scale in order to measure the opinion of women employees.

A Study on Physiological and Biological Feature Descriptors of Human Aging

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th March 2018

K. A. Patil | 

Abstract

Human aging research now crosses all areas of physiology and biology. Human age prediction is applied in many realworld areas like forensic art, passport renewal, border security, finding a missing person or criminal, preventing vending machines from selling products, e.g., alcohol, tobacco, to under-aged individuals etc. Incredible changes found in human body during the craniofacial growth and behavioral pattern. This paper presents a study on various physiological and biological approaches used to predict human age. In this paper we discussed many interesting studies of these approaches and given a thorough analysis of problems in human age prediction.

A Study on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) with respect to Gender

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 28th August 2018

Rubia Jan | Zainab Hamid,Dr. Shawkat Ahmad Shah, Dr. Arshad Hussain

Abstract

It has been evaluated that by 2020 psychological trauma will be the main cause of disability, next to depression and heart diseases (Michaud, Murray & Bloom, 2001). The present study entitled as “A Study on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) with respect to Gender” was aimed to understand the PTSD in respect to gender. The objectives of the study were to assess levels of PTSD experienced by male and female, apart from this it also aimed to explore the significant difference in male and female participants with respect to PTSD. The sample of the study consists of 100 participants. Out of 100 participants, 50 were male and 50 were female. PTSD symptom scale (PSS) developed by Foa, Riggs, Dancu and Rothbaum (1993) was used to assess the levels of PTSD. The collected data was subjected to comparative analysis (t-test) with the help of SPSS. The comparative analysis highlighted that there is significant mean difference in PTSD with respect to gender. Further comparison of means indicates that female participants have higher PTSD as compared to male participants.

A Study on Quality of Windrow Compost Produced From Different Municipal Solid Wastes in India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Gade.Venkatesham | M.Chandra Sekhar,T.Bala Narsaiah,P.Akhila Swathanthra

Abstract

Indian Municipal solid waste (MSW) consists of 50-55 % of bio degradable organic matter. This typical composition suggests composting as a suitable option, if source segregation can be adopted. Composting of MSW is proved to be a sustainable option in many countries as the other methods of disposal pose challenges like demand for land, leachate pollution, gas production, low calorific value, heterogeneity of combustible materials, air pollution, etc. Composting organic material in MSW will result in compost, which can be used as soil conditioner in agriculture. With the cost of inorganic fertilizers on the rise in the recent decades, compost can be a good substitute for farmers. The present paper reports the results of a study wherein the quality of compost produced by adopting Windrow/aerobic Composting. As a part of above study Windrow/aerobic Composting samples are collected from different Municipal corporations which are using Windrow/aerobic Composting and the quality of compost is analyzed. Fertilizing Index and Clean Index are used for assessing the quality of the compost. The indices are categorized into marketable classes (A, B, C & D) or restricted use class (RU-1, RU-2 & RU-3) based on their fertilizing parameter and Heavy metal content.

A Study on Quality of Windrow Compost Produced From Different Municipal Solid Wastes in India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Gade.Venkatesham | M.Chandra Sekhar,T.Bala Narsaiah,P.Akhila Swathanthra

Abstract

Indian Municipal solid waste (MSW) consists of 50-55 % of bio degradable organic matter. This typical composition suggests composting as a suitable option, if source segregation can be adopted. Composting of MSW is proved to be a sustainable option in many countries as the other methods of disposal pose challenges like demand for land, leachate pollution, gas production, low calorific value, heterogeneity of combustible materials, air pollution, etc. Composting organic material in MSW will result in compost, which can be used as soil conditioner in agriculture. With the cost of inorganic fertilizers on the rise in the recent decades, compost can be a good substitute for farmers. The present paper reports the results of a study wherein the quality of compost produced by adopting Windrow/aerobic Composting. As a part of above study Windrow/aerobic Composting samples are collected from different Municipal corporations which are using Windrow/aerobic Composting and the quality of compost is analyzed. Fertilizing Index and Clean Index are used for assessing the quality of the compost. The indices are categorized into marketable classes (A, B, C & D) or restricted use class (RU-1, RU-2 & RU-3) based on their fertilizing parameter and Heavy metal content.

A Study on the Impact of Mobile Phone Addiction amongst the Youth in Chandigarh

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th September 2017

Dr. Anubhuti Sharma | Agreema Sharma

Abstract

The present endeavor was aimed to study the impact of mobile phone addiction amongst the youth in Chandigarh. For this purpose, 110 college students (55 males and 55 females) with an age range of 17-22, were randomly selected from various colleges of Chandigarh. Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire (Billieux, et. Al. 2008) was administered on the sample. Descriptive statistics comprising of means and standard deviations were applied to assess the impact. Gender differences were also delved into. Results showed the dysfunctional mobile phone usage affecting males and females differently

A study on the Morphological Variation in Mandibles of Four Wasp Species

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Kiran Vati K | K. Bhasker Shenoy

Abstract

Adult wasp have chewing and lapping type of mouthparts. The mandibles are structurally different in different species of wasps, suggesting that the variation in mandible is due to specific activities that it does in its life time. The function of mandibles are retained primarily for biting, chewing and also for handling other material like mud or mastication of plant fibers during nesting. Variation in mandibles of four wasp species is presented in this paper. The structure of the mandibles is elongate with presence /absence of teeth in solitary wasps like Delta pyriforme pyriforme (Fabricius, 1775) and Sceliphron caementarium (Drury 1773). These wasps use the mandibles to excavate wet mud from the ground and carrying it. Mandibles are also used for capturing prey like caterpillars or spiders which are carried to its nesting sites. In case of social wasps like Vespa tropica (Linnaeus, 1758) and Ropalidia marginata (Lepeletier, 1836) the mandible is short with large teeth’s. These wasps use mandibles to masticate the wood or plant fibers to convert it into a soft pulp which is utilized in the construction of papery nests. Mandibles are also used in mastication of prey, which is given as feed for the developing wasp larva

A Study on the Working Condition of Salt Pan Workers in Thoothukudi

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

S. Prakash | Dr.N. Maria Nevis Soris

Abstract

Salt is very essential dietary commodity. Common salt is an article of daily necessity for human consumption. It has been important commodity for hundred years. It is used widely in the chemical industry and has various industrial uses. It is considered to be the basic as well as a highly indispensable commodity. Salt can be consumed by both rich and poor only to the limited and fixed quantity irrespective of the price or health. Salt is not found in nature. It is available in abundant quantities in sea water. Salt is a cheap and bulk commodity. It is produced in our country by the private, Co-operative and Government sectors. India now ranks third in the world in the production of salt. Salt is an important physiological necessity of life. With an enormous and growing population, the demand for salt is vital importance. Salt is used for several purpose. It is used for cooking as table salt and as a preservative in the preparation of condiments, pickles and food stuffs. It is also used to a limited extent in agriculture as an insecticide, wood killer and for stock feeding. It finds use in curing fish, meat packing, dairying and other industries to prevent deterioration. It is used in several industries such as glass, leather, soap, oil purification, dyestuffs, textiles, ceramics, refrigeration etc., in this regard, the main objective of the study is knowing the consumer working condition of salt pan workers in Thoothukudi.

A Study Onmacro Economic Determinants Of NonPerforming Loans In Indian Public Sector Banks

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Ms. Adithi Ramesh | Prof. Dr.C.B.Senthil Kumar

Abstract

The macroeconomic variables will have a serious impact in the success of credit market.Non-performing loan is an important factor that is being considered to monitor the performance of the banks and financial institutions in the credit market. This paper focuses on study of the relationship and significance between Non-performing loans of public sector banks in India and macroeconomic factors such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth, Inflation, Credit growth and unemployment.

A Study to Assess the Family and Social Life among Nurses Working Night Shift Duty at Nizwa Hospital

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 2nd April 2018

Sheikha Mohammed Al-Mukhaini | Vijayalakshmi

Abstract

Background: Nurses as healthcare providers are obliged to work rotation shift to provide the needs of sick people. Nurses working night duty spend all night awake which has a bad effect on them by increasing the load and led to the difficulty to meet their family life and social life needs in the next day. Therefore this study focused on assessing the family life and social life needs among nurses doing night shift in Nizwa Hospital in Sultanate of Oman. Aim: To assess the family life needs and social life needs among nurses doing the night shift. Methods: A descriptive quantitative survey design was used in this study. Data was collected through self-administration questionnaire. Using convenient sampling 100 staff nurses from all the departments were selected for the study. Collected data were analyzed using frequency and percentage. Results: The findings of the study indicate that the majority of the nurses are female (67%) are married (82%), most of them (54%) have 1 to 2 children. Over of family needs, 90 (90%) of the family sleep pattern is disturbed. While 88 (88%) of their family depends on nurses in most of their personal needs. Majority of the respondents 72 (72%) do not have a good relationship with a spouse. 88 (88%) of the subject doing night shift restrict them from attending any social functions in their village. And 47 (47%) of them they are not able to maintain social relationships with their friends or relatives. There are some factors affecting and influencing night duty. Effect on sleep pattern 62 (62%), drowsy driving 33 (33%), are affecting factors wherein the most factors influencing nurses during night shift are able to finish personal morning work 24 (24%), the night off days are good for relaxation and visit beauty centre 17 (17%). Conclusion: Nurses’ family life and social life needs affect by doing night duty but there are some factors which help in the persistence to do night shift and it motivates nurses to continue their service for the patients.

A Theoretical Study of Magnetic Impurity Effect on Superconducting Properties of Manganese doped MgB2

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Gargee Sharma | Smita Sharma

Abstract

In the present study we investigated the theoretical calculation of Superconducting state parameter (SSP) by doping of MN on MgB2 superconductor for concentration (x=0.006, 0.007, 0.014, 0.016, 0.020). We use Ashcroft's pseudo potential in conjunction Random phase approximation (RPA) dielectric screening function with methodology based on BCS- Elias berg Mc. Millan framework in which material properties like electron-phonon coupling strength (?) and Coulomb pseudo potential (*) are obtained from the knowledge of electron-ion pseudo potential. The super-conducting state properties like transition temperature (TC), isotope effect exponent (?) and interaction strength (N0V) are then obtained by using the values of ?, * and relevant to the superconductor .It is also observed that addition of Manganese to superconductor MgB2 causes the parameters ?, *, ?, N0V, TC decreases with increasing in Manganese concentration. Present calculation also observed that TC for alloys Mg1-xMnxB2 is excellent agreement with the experimental results. It is observed that the increase in doping concentration of MN causes all the superconducting parameters to decrease. This suggests decrease in superconducting behavior of MgB2 due to effect of magnetic impurity MN.

Acculturation and Changing Food Culture in Kerala

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 26th September 2018

Arya Balachandran | 

Abstract

Indian Food Culture cannot be accounted as a single homogenous one. It varies with states, religions, castes, economic status, geographical peculiarities, availability of products etc. Globalisation and the increase in migrant population have brought in changes in the food patterns of Indians. Each community/ethnic group in India has specific foods which are passed on to their future generations. They are symbolic of the culture and tradition of that particular group. Indian Cuisines are noted for the use of spices and flavours. Kerala, the land of spices has a food culture different from the rest of India which is a combination of multiple cuisines. With the Western, Eastern and other regional influences, food culture in Kerala has underwent many alterations. Acculturation in India has a history which spans from the colonial period under Britain to this period of large corporations. With the merging of cultures, there happens a modification of the diet by retaining traditional food culture and incorporating new food patterns.This diet substitution can affect the health, economy, environment and culture itself adversely. The changes in food culture as a result of acculturation and its consequences form the crux of the paper.

Acoustoelectric Effect In Solid State Materials and Devices

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Awadhesh Prasad | 

Abstract

Acoustoelectric effect is the appearance of a dc electric current, when an acoustic wave passes through a conducting medium. This paper reviews the study of Ultrasonic stress on the semiconductor materials and devices used in various scientific and other measurements. A historical review of earlier findings is also reported with special reference to associated mechanisms. Ultrasonic stress studies in solid state devices require further attention and the work done in this area is also discussed. Different kinds of the mechanism, interpretation responsible for the change in the characteristics of the solid state devices and materials have been discussed. Ultrasonic stress produces a pressure effect on a target object placed in the ultrasonic field. Ultrasonic wave may be regarded as a coherent beam of phonons, absorbed in front of the material. In terms of the charge carriers, an electron hole pair is created due to the Ultrasonic field.

Adsorption of Acid Red 97 by Α-Fe2o3 Nanopowder: Isotherm and Kinetic Studies

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th March 2018

Zulfiqar Ahmed M.N | Chandrasekhar K.B, Nagabhushana B.M

Abstract

α-Fe2O3 nanopowder was prepared by solution combustion synthesis using ferric nitrate as oxidiser and oxalyldihydrazide (ODH) as fuel. The characterization of the nanopowder was done by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The potential of the nanopowder in the adsorption of Acid Red 97 dye was carried out at room temperature. The effect of parameters such as the adsorbent dosage, contact time and initial dye concentration was studied. Isotherm and kinetic studies were employed to analyze the adsorption data. The nanopowder was effective in removal of 20 ppm dye solution. The adsorption efficiency decreased as the initial concentration of the dye solution increased. The adsorption followed pseudo-first order kinetics and obeyed Dubinin-Radushkevich and Temkin adsorption isotherms.

Air Pollution Monitoring and Estimation Using Diffusion Process

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

Dr. S.Mary Joans |  M.Pavithra

Abstract

This paper presents a method to monitor and estimate the level of pollution in the environment using diffusion process present in the image processing method. Diffusion process is used to reduce the level of noise present in the images. The percentage of pollution present in the environment is also calculated and the estimation ratio is obtained. Air pollution has become a major issue in the modern world , the reason is industrial emissions and increasing urbanization along with traffic jams and heating/cooling of buildings. Monitoring urban air quality is therefore required by municipalities and by the civil society. Current monitoring systems rely on smoke and exhaust detection system that has been developed for monitoring exhaust gases using far infrared camera which is costly. In this paper, we focus on an alternative or complementary approach, with image processing aiming at obtaining the images from environment and monitoring the pollutants present in the environment using image processing method, along with implementation of the diffusion process to reduce the image noise without removing significant parts of the image content. In image processing the input may be image or video frames. The outputs are also images. Various tasks like classification, feature extraction, recognizing different patterns can be done using image processing method

Allelopathic Potential of the Purified Fraction MNF10 from Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. on Early Seed Growth and Seedling Characteristics of Vigna radiata (L) Wilczek

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 25th May 2018

Shelmi Antony | Dr. Benny P J, Dr. Sunny Kuriakose

Abstract

The plants are the reservoirs of structurally different bioactive molecules. The isolation and identification of phytochemicals from plants are crucial for the discovery of new bioactive compounds to be used by various industries. Our previous study has reported the strong allelopathic potential of methanolic leaf extract of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. for the first time (Antony S and P.J. Benny, 2017). This study highlighted the characterization of an allelochemical present in the purified fraction, MN – F10 from Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. through various spectroscopic assays. The potential allelopathic effect of MN - F10 was identified by assessing a dose-dependent reduction in the various growth characteristics of Vigna radiata (green gram) seedlings including early seedling growth, length of root and shoot, seedling vigor index and fresh & dry weight. All these growth parameters reduced at the same rate. This study warrants further investigation of the allelopathic potential of MN-F10 in field condition, which will finally lead to the development of a potential bioherbicide.

An Algorithm to Perform Fusion of Partially Focused Images in Fuzzy Domain

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th June 2018

Meenu Manchanda | 

Abstract

An algorithm for fusion of partially focused input images in fuzzy domain is proposed. Since fuzzy transform possesses important properties such as shift-invariance, ability to preserve edges in an image, ability to provide better approximation etc. and therefore has been preferred in the paper. Since important features in an image are generally larger than one pixel and therefore the proposed algorithm uses fusion rule based on more than one coefficient (i.e. window based fusion rule) to fuse input images in the fuzzy transform domain. Experiments show that the proposed algorithm is effective and the results are acceptable

An analysis of APU Joint Stock Company’s Brand Value

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 3rd January 2018

Oyuntuguldur Gan-Unur | Tselmeg Otgonbayar, Gantugs Ganbaatar, Onongoo Taivanjargal, Naran-Orgil Tsedendamba

Abstract

In Mongolia has been developing many types of products such cashmere, leather, milk product, all kind of meat product, alcoholic drink, soda drink and many other types of mining resourcing products. Hereof one of the interesting product has been entering the global market it is soda drink. In Mongolia has 4 main competitors of producing soda drink from APU JSC, MCS-Coca- Cola LLC, Vitafit LLC and Altan Joloo Impex and many other follower’s companies have been producing. This research paper focusing on measuring brand image and defining its customer satisfaction

An analysis of Gobi corporations marketing strategy and its consumer perception

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 26th December 2017

OYUNTUGULDUR Gan-Unur | Munkhzaya Narantsetseg, Oyuntulkhuur Tumenjargal, Delgertsetseg Davaadorj, Narantsatsral Gankhuyag

Abstract

Every war and every competition have their own strategies. If you cannot define your suitable strategy, you will be listed one of the unsuccessful company. Therefore, every company needs to define good marketing strategy. Our research findings indicate that Gobi corporations’ marketing strategy. The Gobi corporation is one of the top cashmere producing company in Mongolia. We collected 311 participations from Mongolian consumers and analyzed by competitive marketing strategy.

An Analysis of Higher Education Sector in Mongolia: Business Perspective

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

OYUNTUGULDUR Gan-Unur | TUGULDUR Ganbold, ALTANSOLONGO Ganpurev, DULGUUN Batmunkh, BATGEREL Shinengerel

Abstract

In Mongolia, as in other countries, graduate education has become a global business in which domestic universities compete with institutions abroad. For working professionals who want to enter the business occupations or update their skills, there are increasingly many alternatives to traditional campus-based degree programs in the home country. Study abroad is a possibility for those willing to take a break from their careers. A record number of Mongolian citizens now travel overseas to enroll in MBA programs throughout the world. Online education is another choice. Every year, online options such as Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and web-based certificates and degrees are more varied and attractive. Given the competitive educational landscape, Mongolians who are dissatisfied with MBA programs at home may either choose an international institution or forego graduate study altogether. This poses a challenge for Mongolia’s universities. How can they retain and develop their hold on the home market? This survey investigates the factors that influence the enrollment choices of Mongolian MBA applicants. Using questionnaire output, we describe the advantages and disadvantages of Mongolian MBA programs from the perspective of applicants. Our analysis leads to observations concerning university rank and competition with educational markets in leading countries. This study concludes by addressing two questions. First, what should Mongolian universities do to make their MBA programs more attractive to Mongolian applicants? Second, what is missing from Mongolian MBA programs, in the eyes of would-be MBA students? At the same time, the research will focus on current MBA program challenges such as ethical and moral programs which impact societal values. Furthermore, it will raise the gender issue where it stands especially in the current MBA programs graduates. By addressing or telling challenges and issues will encourage Mongolia’s MBA program more efficient and successful and productive.

An Analysis of Mongolian Telecommunication Sector Situation And It’s Consumer Perception

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 26th December 2017

Oyuntuguldur Gan-Unur | Bayartsetseg Badralt, Tamiraa Munkhbat, Gombosuren Nyam-Osor, Enkh-Och Zolbayar

Abstract

Globally, the Telecommunication area is a fast-changing apple with latest innovations continuously in the works. The Telecommunication Area in Mongolia is no different. It is active and continuously adapting to new technologies and to the accretion customer demands. Although the bazaar is saturated with account to accession of new consumers, the ambit lies in accretion the bazaar allotment by accretion the account provided to the consumers. At this stage, the bazaar baton is assertively by the akin of account superior and amalgamation offered to the consumers. This account superior is delivered to the consumers by the account providers who are able to do this with the technology and advice of Telecommunication vendors. This constitutes the all- encompassing archetypal of the Telecom aliment chain.

An Analysis of Mongolian Telecommunication Sector Situation And It’s Consumer Perception

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th January 2018

Oyuntuguldur Gan-Unur | Bayartsetseg Badralt, amiraa Munkhbat, Gombosuren Nyam-Osor, Enkh-Och Zolbayar

Abstract

Globally, the Telecommunication area is a fast-changing apple with latest innovations continuously in the works. The Telecommunication Area in Mongolia is no different. It is active and continuously adapting to new technologies and to the accretion customer demands. Although the bazaar is saturated with an account to the accession of new consumers, the ambit lies in accretion the bazaar allotment by accretion the account provided to the consumers. At this stage, the bazaar baton is assertively by the akin of account superior and amalgamation offered to the consumers. This account superior is delivered to the consumers by the account providers who are able to do this with the technology and advice of Telecommunication vendors. This constitutes the all- encompassing archetypal of the Telecom aliment chain.

An EOQ Model for Imperfect Items Deterioration and Time Dependent Rates

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Kundan Mishra | -

Abstract

In the presented article we have developed an economic order quantity model at infinite planning horizon. Deterioration is taken into consideration. Demand and production rates are assumed to be time dependent. Production process is not reliable hence a percent of produced items is defective. A mathematical formulation has been done to find the optimum value of order quantity and total average cost. A numerical example is also given to illustrate the theoretical results. Finally the sensitivity analysis is reported to find the effect of different parameters.

An Intelligent Crawler

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th April 2018

Mrugnayani Sharma | Padmapani P. Tribhuvan

Abstract

A web crawler is a software program or programmed script that browses the world extensive web in a systematic, automated manner. Web crawler peregrinates from web page to page via the making use of the graphical structure of the internet pages. Such programs are additionally kenned as robots, spiders, and worms. In this system explained further, Data mining algorithms were used to introduce intelligence into the crawler. A statistical analysis of the performance of intelligent crawler is presented in this work. While introducing crawler intelligence, data mining algorithm plays an important role. The main objective is to develop an intelligent crawler to serve the purpose of web-indexing which helps in gathering relevant information from over the Internet with the help of search engines. The proposed intelligent crawler must perform crawling in minimum time with a maximum number of results.

An Overview of COBIT Principals for Bring Your Own Policy Implementation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th April 2018

Dr. Khan Rahat Afreen | 

Abstract

COBIT is a business framework for management and governance of enterprise IT, provided by ISACA, an international professional association focused on IT Governance. As per ISACA, “COBIT helps IT professionals and enterprise leaders fulfil their IT governance and management responsibilities, particularly in the areas of assurance, security, risk and control, and deliver value to the business.” BYO bring your own is a concept where employees can use their own systems, software, technology for the purpose of accomplishing organizational tasks. It is gaining rapid acceptance by the employers although it has a lot of challenges. COBIT can be the answer to the many questions faced while framing organizational policies around BYOD. While implementing BYOD, major challenges faced are not only from its technical implementation aspect but also from policy implementation and monitoring aspect. Companies may lose sensitive data if it resides on employee-owned devices. COBIT documentation provided by ISACA supports many of the essential causes that are a reason for BYOD initiative. The seven enablers provide an effective foundation for any organization to embrace BYOD policy in a well-structured manner.

Analysis of Male and Female Consumers and Customer Experience Items in Retail Stores

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Pankaj Deshwal | 

Abstract

TheseThis study confirms how male and female differently evaluate the Items of the consumer experience in the retail store context. Researcher adopted convenient sampling technique for this study. Gender was considered as the demographic variable in this study. The output of one-way ANOVA test was used to show differences. All Items were taken from prior literature. The output shows there is only one Item that is recovery experience where male and female shows differences in their views. The results show that respondents responded their experience with a retail store as positive. All result of the Items is above 3.5 value that shows above average feedback.

Analytical study of patients with breast cancer reporting late to Regional Cancer Centre, Allahabad and its association with sociodemographic profile in Indian women

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Ravi KiranPothamsetty | Radha Rani Ghosh, Baby Paul Thaliath

Abstract

Breast cancer poses a major threat to public health attributing to the fact that for every two women newly diagnosed with breast cancer, one woman dies of it in India. To explore factors associated with delay in seeking referral for cancer treatment among breast cancer patients and evaluate the association between late presentation of the breast cancer and sociodemographic profile. This analytical study design has been conducted at RCC from January 2015 to January 2016.Total patients enrolled in the study was 376 women. Data were collected and recorded using a structured interview technique by the doctors. 31% (n=117) of were attributed to patient delay and system delay respectively. The most common reason of patient delay and system delay were usage of alternative medicines (33%) and delay in sanctioning money through government schemes (33%) respectively. Family history, educational background, economic status, occupation, religion, personal history of breast disease, stage grouping and pattern of presentation were significantly associated with late reporting to RCC (p < 0.05). Significant numbers of women with breast cancer in Allahabad experience reported late to RCC due to poor awareness and misconceptions of the disease. Interactive and comprehensive public health strategy should be implemented for annihilation of barriers.

Anita Desai- an Indo-Anglican Novelist & Existentialist concern In Her Novel “Cry the Peacock”

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 26th September 2018

Kamna singh | Dr.jagdish singh somvanshi

Abstract

Anita Desai, original name Anita Mazumdar, (born June 24, 1937, Mussoorie, India), English- language Indian novelist and author of children's books who excelled in evoking character and mood through visual images ranging from the meteorologic to the botanical.She published her first novel, Cry, the Peacock, in 1963. This work immediately established her as a major voice in Indian literature in English. Since then, Desai has steadily published novels, short stories, and children's literature.Her maiden novel "Cry the Peacock"evinces Maya's quest for liberty from reality, loneliness & fear of death, which do not let her to be at peace with herself. In order to assert liberty from present turmoil she takes the help of route to go back to her childhood. Thirst for liberty haunts her so much that she becomes aggressive to such an extreme point that she takes the most unusual and ghastly step of doing away with her husband which is rarely taken by a female

Antioxidant Studies of a Colonial Ascidian Didemnum Psammathodes

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

K.F.Roselin | C. Veerabahu,V.K. Meenaksh

Abstract

Oxidative stress is an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the ability of the body to counteract or detoxify their deleterious effects by way of neutralisation by antioxidants. An antioxidant is a molecule that inhibits the oxidation of other molecules and protects the body cells and tissues from damages caused by free radicals and ROS. They are released from the diet that we take and enter the cells through the blood stream and prevent damage to cells by cleaning up. Methods like DPPH, Hydroxyl, ABTS, superoxide, and reducing power was used to evaluate free radical scavenging activities of various concentrations of different extracts of Didemnum psammathodes using ascorbic acid and trolox as standard. The radical scavenging effect was found to increase with increasing concentrations. Ethanol extract (108.26, 112.15) showed highest DPPH, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity whereas, in ABTS and superoxide methanol extract exhibited highest (138.16, 126.81). Methanol and ethanol extracts exhibited higher reducing ability among the solvent tested. The results revealed that the extracts possess potential reducing power and hence antioxidant activity compared to standard.

Application of Nano Science in Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Suman Rani | 

Abstract

The fuel cell has high energy conversion efficiency and low pollutant emission. The amount of noble metal used in Direct Methanol Fuel cell (DMFC) can be decreased by the use of Platinum nanoparticle, graphene, single walled and multiwalled carbon nano tube. Thus performance of DMFC fuel cell can be increase by controlling the packing density of Pt. nano particle1. They can reduce the amount of Pt. needed. The following aspects are described in this paper: The method used to reduce the Platinum, improving the performance of fuel cell catalyst, the effect of carbon nanotube on fuel cell. We summarise the some of the result of previous studies and raise expectations for microscopic state study for the future research

Applications of Integral Calculus in Engineering

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th December 2017

Sasikala.J | Shivam Shukla, Richa Yadav, Khushi Gujrati

Abstract

In this chapter, we are going to study the history and the applications of integral calculus. Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz independently discovered calculus in the mid- 17 century. Integration represents the inverse operation of differentiation. Integral calculus is used to improve the important infrastructures. Integral calculus is often used to create the most robust design. At the end of this chapter, we will come to know about the basic applications of integral calculus in engineering field which are:- Average function value, Area between two curves, Volume of solid of revolution/ Methods of rings, Work done.

Applications, Challenges and Future Scope - Big Data

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th May 2018

D. Rajkumar | Poornachander. V, Marapaka Nagaraju

Abstract

The phrase Big Data has been coin to submit to the gargantuan largeness of data that cannot be dealt with by traditional data-handling techniques. Big Data is still a novel concept and in the following literature we determined to elaborate it in a conspicuous fashion. It commences with the concept of the subject itself along with its properties and the two general approaches of dealing with it. The comprehensive study further goes on to elucidate the applications of Big Data in all diverse aspects of economy and being. The exploitation of Big Data Analytics after integrating it with digital capabilities to secure business growth and its visualization to make it understandable to the technically apprenticed business analyzers has been discussed in depth. Aside this, the incorporation of Big Data in order to improve population health for the betterment of finance, telecom industry, food industry and for fraud detection and sentiment analysis have been delineated. The challenges that are encumbering the growth of Big Data Analytics are accounted for in depth in the paper. This topic has been isolate into two arenas- one being the practical challenges faces whilst and other being the theoretical challenges. The hurdle of securing the data and democratizing it have been elaborated amongst several others such as inability in finding sound data professionals in required amounts and software that possess ability to process data at a high rate. Through the article, the authors intend to decode the notions in an intelligible manner embodying in text several use-cases and illustrations.

Areca nut as a Potential Bio-adsorbent for Remediation of Chromium

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Ankitha R | Prakruthi S, S Sneha, Seema Tharannum

Abstract

Bioremediation is one of the leading sought after techniques for heavy metal removal and to prevent its contamination in the effluent discharge hence avoiding various toxicological effects. Heavy metals such as chromium have a number of applications such as leather tanning, organochemicals, fertilizers etc. Once chromium is introduced into the environment, it exists in two different oxidation states, Cr (III) and Cr (VI). The trivalent form is relatively innocuous but hexavalent chromium is toxic, carcinogenic and mutagenic in nature, highly mobile in soil and aquatic system and is also a strong oxidant capable of being adsorbed by the skin. In our present study, areca nut husk powder of two different sieve sizes 250?m and 719?m were used in comparison with the same along with PES B (Bacillus amyloliquefaciens) at 37C to form a biofilm. Various concentrations of chromium i.e., 0, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250 ppm were treated with the adsorbent components. The amount of chromium from the sample was estimated using DPC method. It was found to reduce chromium to >50% in case of adsorbent with biofilm and up to 50% in case of adsorbent without biofilm for 50 ppm concentration showing maximum capacity. Hence, adsorbent with biofilm has a greater potential compared to adsorbent without biofilm for Cr (VI) bioremediation from polluted effluents.

Artificial Intelligence in Business

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Sachin Sreekumar | Rahul Gopalakrishnan Nair

Abstract

Artificial Intelligence (A.I) is a term that is gaining popularity in nowadays. In recent years many companies have developed as well as implemented so many artificial systems such as business intelligence, expert systems, voice-recognition systems, natural language processing systems etc. But majority of the organization as well as managers are not properly aware about this potential concept.AI is something that give a system the ability to think itself as well as to make decisions which give every organizations a competitive edge. But the lack of awareness or the fear to adapt to changes make may organizations against these new emerging concepts. The aim of this paper is to determine whether AI had noteworthy impact on business as well as to discover which types of AI methods are used today, and what they are capable of doing.

Artificial Intelligence Support Desk

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 21st April 2018

Hashmi Syeda Mateeba | V.B.Kamble

Abstract

Human-computer support desk plays an important role in dynamic trading online, especially in B2C ecommerce. Further scientific investigations about designing the software agent that can deal with the human’s random and inconsistent offer are in need, which is crucially useful for the online merchants to achieve better trading outcomes and save vast trading cost. The lack of such studies has decelerated the process of applying automated support desk to real world applications. To address the critical issue, this paper develops a strategy model. To demonstrate the effectiveness of this model, we develop a prototype and conduct human-computer support desk experiments over 121 participants. The experimental result shows that the agent with our newly designed strategy model can significantly increase the agreement rate and joint outcome of the both sides, and even can outperform human negotiators. In order to develop a negotiating agent that has the ability to negotiate with human, it is of vital importance to elucidate how to design a negotiation strategy model to guide the agent’s concession in the process of negotiation. A negotiation strategy is a decision-making model used by the participants to persuade the opponent towards the outcome they desire. There are two major approaches to design the strategy, the heuristic-based approach and the machine learning approach. However, several important dimensions have received limited attention in existing research of negotiation strategies. Firstly, past studies primarily focus on computer-computer automated negotiation, while relatively few studies have been carried out in assessing the potential of human-computer support desk. None can ignore the fact that the computer simulating negotiation environment is quite different with the negotiation that has human participating in, but systematic design and evaluation of agent strategies that incorporate a human counterpart’s perspective is lacking. Secondly, a negotiation strategy is essentially a concession model that defines the utility decreasing sequence of offers.

Assam’s Ethno medicinal knowledge from an Ayurvedic ‘Health maintenance perspective’ and its relevance today

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 14th May 2018

Dr Pallavi Borah | Dr Rama Kanta Sharma

Abstract

Assam, a state in the north eastern part of India and a biodiversity hotspot is an abode of a number of ethnic communities like Karbi, Bodo, Hajong, Tai –Khamyangs, Ahom, Deori, Koch Rajbonshi, Chutia, Sonowal, Kachari, Mising, Rabha, Tiwa, Dimasa, Lalung, Chorei and many more. Each community intricately interwoven in the region’s fabric yet retaining their distinct identity. Each ethnic community have their own traditional ethno medicinal practice. The World Health Organisation states that 65-80% of world population in developing countries depend on plants for Primary health care. In recent years, with the changing Health and Disease scenario world over, Ayurveda’s health maintenance advocations like ‘Rasayana’ has found immense relevance. The use of ethno pharmacological, ethno botanical information has also gained tremendous attention in the scientific community. This reiterates that Ayurveda and ethno medicine needs to be looked at from multiple perspectives like: 1. Understanding ethnic health seeking behaviour. 2. Ayurveda and its health maintenance advocations like Rasayana. 3.Ethno medicinal knowledge and its viable role in devising an economic and cost effective treatment modality. 4. Relevance today in terms of the present health and disease scenario.

Assess the Effect of Body Mind Therapies on the Level of Perceived Stress, Anxiety and Depression Among Substance Users

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Mrs. Sundari S Apte | Dr Rakesh Ghildiyal,Dr Mrs. Mary Mathews ,Dr Mrs Tapati Bhattacharjee

Abstract

Humans have used drugs of one sort or another for thousands of years. But their use was limited to certain occasions. In todays world there is a sharp increase in the substance use from adolescent to old age and there is a rise in the use of them even in fairer sex. A research was conducted to see the effect of body mind therapies on the level of anxiety, depression and perceived stress. Method: A quantitative, quasi experimental study was conducted on 45 subjects who were admitted in the de-addiction canters and met the sampling criteria. The tool consisted of four Section-Ia. Socio demographic data, Ib. substance use data, II. anxiety tool by Beck III. depression tool by Beck and IV. perceived stress questionnaire by Cohens. The interventions consisted of Guided Imagery based on 12 steps of Alcoholic Anonymous and Self realization based on Sahaja Yoga Meditation. These interventions were given to the group for 3months on regular basis after which they have to practice on their own by using the information booklet and CDResults: It was seen thatthere is change in the level of perceived stress, anxiety and depression after the intervention after t 3months interval of intervention with the p value 0.000 in all the groups including control. The control groups Wilcox on value was lesser than the intervention group

Assessing the Efficiency of Regional Innovation Systems When Choosing a Business Model

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th March 2018

Rodionov D.G | Rudskaya I.A., Bychkova A.V

Abstract

This paper aims to assess the efficiency of regional innovative systems from the point of view of innovative business models. Innovative business models in Russia and around the world are reviewed with a description of the key features of regional innovative systems. Research was conducted for 86 regions of the Russian Federation using data from the period of 2013 to 2016. Key words: Business model, innovative business model, innovations, regional innovation systems, efficiency assessment, Data Envelopment Analysis

Assessment of Antioxidant Activity in Polyclinum Madrasensis Extracts by Different Methods

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

K.F.Roselin | V.K. Meenakshi,C. Veerabahu

Abstract

Antioxidants act on free radical species by inhibiting their formation, converting them into less harmful molecules and thus prevent chain reactions that are injurious to cells. Therefore the need for the search of antioxidants from natural origin has been greatly felt in the recent years. The present study aimed to investigate the antioxidant activity in Polyclinum madrasensis extracts by methods like DPPH, Hydroxyl, ABTS, superoxide radical scavenging activity, and reducing power using in vitro models. In DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity methanol extract (146.26, 142.16) showed higher percentage of inhibition. Whereas, ethanol extract was found to be higher in hydroxyl (119.14) and reducing power. In superoxide radical scavenging activity ethyl acetate extract (113.46) was higher.

Assessment of Contamination Factor of Heavy Metals in Sediment from Adyar Estuary

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

Sophia.S | 

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to assess the pollution indices by the heavy metals and its seasonal variation in sediment. Sediments from the Adyar estuary were collected to evaluate the contamination of sediment by the metals including Arsenic (As), Lead (Pb) and mercury (Hg). Sediment samples were collected in the ten sampling points in the mouth of the estuary. The pollution indices of the Arsenic (As), Lead (Pb) and mercury (Hg) in the sediment were estimated by Contamination factor (CF), Geo accumulation index (Igeo), Degree of contamination of sediments (cd) and Pollution load index (PLI). The sediment samples were subjected to a total digestion technique and analysed by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS) for metals including As, Pb and Hg. The Adyar estuary sediment has a low level of contamination with respect to Pb and Hg. Among all, Arsenic has the highest in all evaluated method, which shows low to moderate level of pollution.

Asset Allocation Decision for Malaysia’s Dc Pension Scheme: Application of Two Stage Alm Model

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th June 2018

Roslan Jaafar | Kevin James Daly

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the strategic asset allocation and matching assets/liability problem in Malaysia’s defined contribution (DC) pension scheme-Employees Provident Fund (EPF). Stochastic asset liability management (ALM) model is employed to solve the asset allocation decision where assets and liabilities are considered simultaneously in the decision strategy. We then extend the analysis by incorporating integrated chance constraints (ICC) to minimize the event of underfunding along the planning horizon. The results show that, in respect to asset holding constraints, the EPF tends to hold government security in their asset allocation strategy. Moreover, the ICC risk constraint limits the ability of fund to maximize the expected terminal wealth and tends to reduce the gains of our ALM model.

Attenuation and its Effect on Measurement of Ultrasonic Radiation Pressure

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Awadhesh Prasad | -

Abstract

Attenuation is defined as the decrease in power level at the load caused by inserting a device between a source and load. Effect of Ultrasonic stress has been studied in the solid state devices and its output is observed for discussions. Effect of attenuation in the measurement of Ultrasonic Radiation Pressure has been discussed analytically.

Authorized De-duplication of Data over Cloud

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th April 2018

Shaikh Basirat Tazin | S.D Pingle

Abstract

With a large number of users migrating towards cloud storage for storing their important data, data compression technique managing data stored over cloud had gained much importance. This technique removes duplicate copies of same data on a server and keeps only one copy. Again to protect data from attackers, data is encrypted using the linear congruential algorithm which employs convergent encryption concept. An authorized duplicate check is performed by users after encryption of data with help of generated tags. The file is uploaded if it is not already present otherwise POW is implemented. Hybrid cloud architecture is used with the public and private cloud, where public cloud stores all unique copies of data and private cloud manages authenticated access by maintaining privileges associated with file and users.

Automatic agriculture irrigation system smart irrigation system

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2018

U.Sankari | K.Vijayarani,K.Geetha,J.Nivetha,N.Bhuvaneeshwari,

Abstract

This paper describes the automatic control of motor pumps by checking the level of well and bore well as a source for irrigation process. It prevents motor from dry running, single phasing and over loading. This paper describes the automatic controlling and monitoring the level in well and bore well using global system modeling network. Level sensor is used to check the level in well and bore well. after checking the level controller sends the information to the user, depends on the level in the both well and bore well the user sends the message to the controller to turn on and off the motor using global system modulation network.

Automatic Flooring Machine

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th July 2017

Ms. Snehal Kshirsagar | Prof. M.N. Annadate

Abstract

Music conduct by a group requires a conductor to play the music. These conductors perform various music patterns in front of band and depend on this pattern band play the music. The pattern or gesture perform by the conductor are require to be more precise and accurate to play the correct musical node. Because of this a conductor has to practice more and more to draw correct pattern. There is always requiring a teacher or a senior music moderator to judge wrong and right pattern drawn by beginner conductor. It is not always possible to observe each and every student whether they drawn correct or wrong pattern. To overcome this problem we proposed a new technique called Dynamic Time Warping for musical pattern detection. We have implemented this concept on basic three pattern detection. In this method we have used a camera to detect the hand movement and then apply DTW algorithm to detect the correct pattern drawn by the beginner conductor.

Awareness of Agricultural E- Literacy amongst the Farmer of Pune District

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th May 2018

Dr.Janardan Pawar | Sunil More, Ashvini Shende, Sarita Byagar

Abstract

Now a days Government of India launching various Agricultural Apps for farmers which are useful for providing information about good farming and crop grow. Agricultural websites like mahaagri.gov.in , mkisan.gov.in etc. are various websites which are useful for farmers that gives information about various policies run by government for farming. For this research paper Authors have studied randomly selected farmers of Pune District and collected data about E- Literacy amongst them

Awareness of Agricultural E- Literacy amongst the Farmer of Pune District

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Dr.Janardan Pawar | Sunil More, Ashvini Shende, Sarita Byagar

Abstract

Now a days Government of India launching various Agricultural Apps for farmers which are useful for providing information about good farming and crop grow. Agricultural websites like mahaagri.gov.in , mkisan.gov.in etc. are various websites which are useful for farmers that gives information about various policies run by government for farming. For this research paper Authors have studied randomly selected farmers of Pune District and collected data about E- Literacy amongst them

‘Communal Violence in Partition Novels’

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th December 2017

Harish Kumar K J | 

Abstract

Ruth Linden, writing on the European Holocaust, has said that its impact was all- persuasive; “No one survived the holocaust parse. They survived ghettos, deportations and concentration camps”. A similar point could be advanced for the partition, despite the differences between the contexts of these two violent events in twentieth century history. For the participant authors discussed here, there truly have been no survivors; in the sense Linden has it. Bapsi Sidhwa’s views are representative of those who survived the partition: “It was a devastating movement in our lives and a defining moment in South Asian History. It changed the map of the world. Its repercussions are still being felt; it’s not over”.

“Entrepreneurship Development in India: Challenges and Opportunities”

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Prof. Reshma R. Pais | Dr. Shivani O. Katakwar

Abstract

Entrepreneurship is vital for economic growth and employment in all societies of the developing countries. In developing country like India, where successful small businesses are the primary engines of job creation and poverty reduction, Entrepreneurship plays an important role. Entrepreneurship has great importance in various economic systems and it prevails in all economic systems in one form or the other. ENTREPRENEURSHIP is the key word to Innovation, Creativity and Motivation. An entrepreneur is a rare person who can visualize and materialize water in the dessert. This paper provides an overview of entrepreneurship development, entrepreneurial qualities, opportunities and challenges faced by an entrepreneur.

“Mountains and Rivers in my Blood”: Environment as the Level of Integration above the Individual in Select Works of RUSKIN BOND

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th June 2018

Dr. Jayeeta Ray | 

Abstract

Ruskin Bond a contemporary writer was born in Kasauli, Himachal Pradesh and lived in Delhi, Mussourie and Dehradun and the beauty of these plains had a telling effect on his writings. This writer is a philosopher who observes things that others fail to see or would never even think of seeing. He makes the simple, ordinary objects of nature come alive and dazzlingly bright through very lucid language that comes from genuine passions. He possessed a genuine faith in life and this faith he attained in the lap of nature. In all his works we find nature being prioritised and at times placed above individual psychological workings. Ruskin bond is a versatile genius who writes essays, novellas, poems and a number of novels. He has also written five hundred short stories and articles published in anthologies, in his book, Rain in the Mountains, his flirting with nature and words that have the capacity to bring to life nature becomes evident. In his novellas, “The Room on the Roof” (for which he won the John Llewellyn Memorial award), in another novella “The Vagrants in the Valley “and in his short stories we see him prioritizing nature.

Biblical Elements in the Select Poems of Dylan Thomas

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 2nd April 2018

Dr.Indira Parmar | 

Abstract

The central theme of the paper is life, his contemporaries, a little bit about his works, the impact of Bible on his poetry. The paper also highlights the movements he was associated. The paper is about the elements of Bible in his poetry. His poetry is religious, obscure. He was greatly influenced by surrealist and apocalyptic movement. Dylan Thomas’s poetry is about procreation, birth and death, that is why he is called a womb tomb poet. Dylan Thomas composed a Sonnet sequence ‘Alterwise by Owl-light’. This paper is about the brief introduction of his sonnet sequence. The references of the Bible which have come in the poetry of Dylan Thomas have been given. The short introduction of the poem i.e. ‘fern Hill’, ‘Vision and Prayer', ‘if I were Tickled by the Rub of Love’, ‘Light Breaks where no Sun shines’, and ‘Holy spring’ has been given.

Bioaccumulation of heavy metals and oxidative stress in Mugil cephalusin Adyar estuary

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 30th August 2017

Sophia.S | Dr.M.C.John Milton

Abstract

Heavy metals in the marine environment are of considerable interest because they remain in the organism and may accumulate and magnify in body tissue. The presence of toxic metals in food chain accumulates in the body tissue of aquatic organisms. Fish is a major component of the aquatic habitat and serve as bio-indicator of heavy metals levels in its habitat. Mugilcephalushas been recognized as a good bio-accumulator of organic and inorganic pollutants. The accumulations of Arsenic (As), Lead (Pb) and Mercury (Hg) in Mugilcephalus from adyar estuary located in chennai, Tamilnadu state, India were estimated. The results revealed that the Pb and Hg concentration was higher during pre-monsoon season and As was higher during monsoon season. The order of accumulation is Pb>As>Hg. Oxidative stress is a common pathway of toxicity and Mugilcephalus posses the well developed antioxidant defense systems for neutralizing the toxic effects of Reactive oxygen species. The estimation of anti oxidant activity shows seasonal variation in SOD, CAT, GST and GSH.

Biocidal Activity of Ficus carica Extract against Sylepta Derogate on OKRA

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th November 2017

Helen Sheeba.D.K | Sundar, S.K.

Abstract

Sylepta derogates a prominent pest of okra cultivated in the field Mylaudy of Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu causes both leaf curling and defoliation of okra leaf..Medicinal plant extract, especially botanical insecticides, are currently studied more and more because of the possibility of their use in plant protection. The biological activity of plant Ficus carica bark with leaf extract using ethanol solvent was studied against 2nd,3rd,4th,5th instar larvae of leaf roller Sylepta derogate.Larval mortality was observed after 24,48,72hrs of exposure.Both extracts showed higher larval mortality.The results suggest ethanol extract of leaf with bark of ficus Carica have the potential to be used as an eco-friendly approach for the control of the agricultural pests , Sylepta derogate.

Biodegradable Packaging: An Alternative to Non- Biodegradable Plastics

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th October 2017

Uzma Altaf | Farheena Iftikhar

Abstract

Plastic packaging, used extensively nowadays, poses huge threats to environment. Plastics, especially non-biodegradable polymers accumulate in the environment and adversely affect wildlife, wildlife habitat, or humans. To overcome this problem we can replace traditional non-environment friendly plastics with biopolymers, in particular polysaccharides or macromolecules having film-forming properties. These biodegradable materials, which find applications mostly in food packaging, can largely contribute to the reduction of environmental pollution. This review summarizes some of the widely used biodegradable packaging materials.

Biodegradation Study of Diethyl Phthalate by Bacteria Isolated from NIT Plastic Garbage Dump Site

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

Hara Mohan Jena | Akansha Satapathy, Rakesh Kumar, Sangram Shamrao Patil

Abstract

Waste generated from municipal area is a major reason of pollution, and it leads to environmental degradation, destruction of the ecosystem and pretences great risks to public health. Organic pollutants are potential hazardous chemicals for human health and toxic to living things in the receiving natural bodies. Phthalate esters (PEs) are among the most common organic pollutant since they have become widespread in the environment and found in sediments, natural waters, soils, plants, landfill leachates, biota including human tissue and aquatic organisms. In the present work, degradation of Diethyl Phthalate (DEP) by isolated bacterial strain is studied. The bacterial strain was isolated from garbage dumpsite at NIT, Rourkela, Odisha, India. It was identified by biochemical and morphological tests. Furthermore, the process parameters affecting the bacterial growth (pH, inoculum size and temperature) and the degradation of the compound were optimized using one factor at a time. The biodegradation of DEP was studied at various concentrations (250-1000 mg/l). Mass transfer study was performed to determine the Oxygen Transfer Rate (OTR) and mass transfer coefficient.

Biofilm production and multidrug resistance in clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii in a tertiary care hospital

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th October 2017

Kamaldeep Kaur | Prabhjot Kaur Gill, Avneet Kaur Heyar

Abstract

Biofuels an Initiative for Improved Life Methodologies and Applications

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th June 2018

Pranjal Rohilla | 

Abstract

This paper elucidates about generations of Biofuels based on substrate and it’s applications, also the economics, policies and other factors affecting Biofuel generation. In Biofuel the organic materials generated from renewable biomass replaces the fossil fuels for energy purposes. It is a renewable resource. Its utilization has received great attention due to environmental consideration and increasing demand for energy worldwide. Since the energy crisis in the 1970s, many countries have targeted to utilize Biofuel as the source of energy. The development of Biofuel initiatives has reduced the environmental and ecological impact of energy production all over the world.bionergy accounts for almost 35% of primary energy consumption in developing countries. The most important Biofuel energy sources are feedstocks, agricultural waste byproducts, animal waste and algae. For generation of Biofuel several issues require careful analysis- (1) Availability of feedstock(THE FOOD MATERIAL CANNOT BE USED FOR FUEL PRODUCTION DUE TO ETHICAL REASONS) (2) The chemical composition of feedstock (3) Availability of land (4) Resources (5) emission of greenhouse gases (6) Transportation of feedstocks (7) Storage of Biofuel (8) Economic value of feedstock taking into account (9) Injection of pesticides (10) Soil quality. Processes like transesterification which converts animal and vegetable oils into usable 2 fuel forms are reported

Board Evaluation – A Critical Analysis

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd November 2017

Ayyappan Palanissamy | 

Abstract

The Board, its composition and its performance evaluation is critical to corporate governance. Board evaluations can bring extraordinary benefits to the organisation and well conducted performance evaluation of the board will lead to significant improvements at each level of the organisation. A well defined and effective process of board evaluation will provide a positive note and will add value to the organisation as a whole. This article reviews the evaluation contents, frequency, methods and techniques. A critical analysis is made with respect to risks and challenges associate with board evaluation. Since boards vary in various institutions across the world, a uniform or acceptable framework for evaluating board performance is challenging

Body and Soul – An Autobiographical Study of Sylvia Plath’s The Bell Jar.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th June 2018

Priya Gautam | DR. Seema Rathore

Abstract

THE BELL JAR, the only Novel written by Sylvia Plath contains a deep autobiographical vein to it. On one hand it unveils Plath’s ‘Seemingly Perfect Life’ – her glamorous poetical / literary journey, her expectation, her status in the literary world. On the other it surfaces the theme ‘underlain by grave personal discontinuities’. Esther Greenwood impresses as a symbolic representation of Sylvia Plath’s print heroine. Some critics have pointed out that the title ‘The Bell Jar’ might be a metaphorical exploration for her balanced mind. Esther Greenwood and Sylvia Plath bear many similarities – inability to adapt to the New York city, taking excessive dose of sleeping pills, suicidal tendencies, depressive disorders, recovery after psycho–therapies and many more. Studying thus, the autobiographical co-relation between the two heroines, the present paper proposes to analyze the biographical elements in the novel ‘The Bell Jar’, and Esther’s / Plath’s evolution thus.

Brand Awareness

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Shalom Paul | Jeresh Joseph

Abstract

Companies spend hundreds of millions of dollars annually on advertising to build and maintain awareness for their brands in competitive markets. However, awareness formation models in the marketing literature ignore the role of competition. Brand awareness is a much neglected construct and deserves considerably more attention due to its central importance in brand choice. From an empirical point of view, numerous researchers have shown that brand awareness measures are powerful predictors of consumer choice behaviour. This paper reports explores how brands come to mind in a variety of choice situations. A subsequent quantitative study shows that associates identified in the qualitative research act as cues, and that brand awareness varies significantly depending on the cues that are salient. The paper tries to reveal, on one hand, the importance of unaided brand awareness when it comes to consumers buying decision and, on the other hand, the importance of aided brand awareness when assessing the perceived risk associated with the purchase. The analysis is conducted in a comparative manner, considering the case of durable versus non-durable products, and with focus on urban Romanian consumers.

Brief Review of Sugar Industries in Malshiras tahsil, Dist- Solapur

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Dhere Amar M | Pathare Suresh B

Abstract

This research article aims to find the development and growth of sugar industry in Maharashtra state, Solapur district in general and Malshiras tahsil in particular. From the historical review of genesis of sugar industry it is found that, first sugar industry in the Maharashtra begins at Malinagar in Malshiras tahsil. At present there are four sugar industries are function in the Malshiras tahsil. Crushing capacity and sugarcane are tremendously increasing from last three decades which clearly shows that, Malshiras tahsil is new hub for sugar industry in whole district as well as Maharashtra state. Climate, irrigation facility and soil fertility have great advantages to the establishment of sugar industry in this tahsil

Business Intelligences using Power BI

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th May 2018

S.Jayaprada | J.Ranga Rao, P.Ravindra Babu

Abstract

For companies maintaining direct contact with large number of data, growing number of oriented application and create a new challenge: Real-time applications in integrating enterprise application. To learn from future, present, past, many companies are used in Business Intelligence systems and tools. Companies have importance goals defined through business intelligence concepts. It describes the role and requirement of real-time BI.These paper explore based on Business Intelligences concepts, Power BI feature, Benefits, components and BI techniques.

By-catch assessment of Selected Conus Species (Gastropoda: Conoidea) in Tuticorin Coast at Gulf of Mannar, Tamil Nadu

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2018

Mr.K.Ganesh | Dr.B.Geetha,Dr.J.Shoba

Abstract

The by-catch of Marine gastropods was collected from two different coastal area of Tuticorin district from Gulf of Mannar. In the present survey, 16 species of Conus(Gastropoda: Conoidea) were recorded in January 2018 to March 2018.A field survey was carried out to assess the availability of Conus species in by-catches of two fish landing centres via Tuticorinand Threshpuram in Gulf of Mannar coasts. At each centre, by-catch trash from crab net, trawl net, thallumadi and Karaivalai of fishing vessels wascollected every fortnight. Sixteentype of conusspecies were recorded from the by-catches.

Calculation of the Temperature Distribution and Thermal Deflection in a Thin Clamped Circular Plate

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Nitin Chandel | Pallavi Zungare,Sapana P. Dubey

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the determination of unknown temperature, temperature distribution, and thermal deflection on upper plane surface of a thin clamped circular plate occupying the space D: 0  r  a, 0  z  h by applying finite Hankel transform and Laplace transform technique

Calculation of the Temperature Distribution and Thermal Deflection in aThin Clamped Circular Plate

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Nitin Chandel | Pallavi Zungare

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the determination of unknown temperature, temperature distribution, and thermal Hankel transform and Laplace transform techniques.

Cariogenic strains isolated and identified from dental plaque biofilm of caries active and caries free subjects

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th October 2017

Richa Sharma | Shailja Singh

Abstract

Total 500 sample of caries active and caries free mouth collected from dental unit and analysed for isolation of pathogenic strains. Isolates showed variation in their pattern of percentage recovery according to disease diagnose in each subject. 450 sample considered to be positive for complex communities of colonizing and acid producing bacteria. The sub gingival, supragingival, and different multiple site were selected to collect plaque sample of particular oral disease diagnosed in pateint. Streptococcus mutans bacteria was achieved higher in percentage of total positive cultures from plaque sample as compare to other streptoccoi group bacteria. The pattern of distribution of streptococci varied in different oral disease. Significant difference in pathogenic strain pattern recovered from male, Female and Children subject. Enterococci recovered more in female as compared to male subjects.

Catalytic free technique for Synthesis of InN nanostructures

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th October 2017

Shyam Murli Manohar Dhar Dwivedi | Anupam Ghosh, Shubhro Chakrabartty, Aniruddha Mondal

Abstract

Challenges and opportunities – Execution of Digital India into Primary Sector of Indian Economy

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Ashwini Sanmath | 

Abstract

As Gandhiji said “real India lies in villages,” and village economy is the backbone of Indian economy. Without that the development of the rural economy, the goals of economic planning cannot be accomplished. The rural economy entirely relies on agricultural income & growth. Therefore, it is very essential to improve the financial situation into the rural regions of India. Economic state of India has been changed drastically after the sudden decision of demonetization taken by the government. Which has effected almost all the sectors of Indian economy, but agriculture sector being the mostly effected, it has been very difficult to undergo these changes, specifically for the rural regions of the country where the maximum agricultural sector has been operating since very long time. The people operating into the agricultural field can give the maximum financial support to the Indian economy. Now the role of Digital India has been mainly focused to improve this situation and entirely dedicated to implement the digital services all over the country. In this research paper the entire focus is on the opportunities where these digital services can be implemented and develop the country grow Digitally and reach in each and every part of India, especially in the rural regions where it will improve the GDP as well the living state of people and also will result into fulfillment of the mission “DIGITAL INDIA”. And also the emerging ideas have generated new technique to take this major step ahead with lots of opportunities in this competing world

Challenges of Human Capacity Development in Colleges of Education in Nigeria: A Study of Federal College of Education (Technical), Potiskum, Yobe State.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 9th January 2018

Stephen Aji Yakubu | 

Abstract

This paper attempts to identify and explain the challenges facing teacher capacity building and effective teaching and learning with particular reference to the colleges of education in Nigerian context where the teacher education system is facing unprecedented challenges. The study used a survey design where simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 100 lecturers of Federal Colleges of Education (T), Potiskum. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire titled “Challenges of Human Capacity Development Questionnaire (CHCDQ)”. The instrument was a 4-point Likert scale. Cronbach alpha reliability method was used to ascertain the reliability of the instrument and a reliability coefficient of 0.80 was obtained. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics – means, standard deviations, frequencies and percentages. Results of the study revealed that inadequate funding, corruption/examination malpractice, lack of effective monitoring/supervision of teaching and learning, lack of committed teachers, students’ poor attitude towards learning, inadequate facilities and certificate racketeering was identified as the constraints to human capacity development in colleges of education. Based on these findings, it was recommended among other things that the government should adequately fund colleges of education in Nigeria to enhance quality human capacity building and lecturers should be given adequate incentives to motivate them to be committed to the training of students for quality outputs.

Challenges to Adopt Waste Management Behaviour

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

Dr. Bhavna R Shetty | 

Abstract

Unhealthy disposal of solid waste is one of the important problems in many societies. Despite various rules, regulation and guidelines, when waste management still remains a great challenge then it is just not a challenge but it a social handicap. Youth are our tomorrow’s leaders, they have the power to influence and transform the society. Hence the present study aimed to investigate youths’ level of awareness and engagement related to municipal waste management, with reference to Nasik city. Findings reveal that the willingness to adopt waste management methods is correlated to the practicality of those methods; which meant that sufficient support from municipal council was needed for continued practice.

Chemical Synthesis and Characterisation of Multimetaloxidezno-Mgo–Zro2nanocomposite

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

Lakshmi K |  RajarajeswariV, MuthuChudarkodi R.R

Abstract

Nanotechnology is a facilitating technology that deals with nanometre sized particles in several fields of science such as Chemistry, Physics,Biotechnology and also in Material science. A heterogeneous, versatile multi metal oxide ZnO-MgO–ZrO2 nano catalyst was prepared by chemical co-precipitation method. The synthesized multimetaloxide nanoparticles were characterized by several analytical techniques such as UV, FT-IR spectroscopy, XRD (X ray Diffraction Studies) and SEM (scanning electron microscope). The UV−visible absorption spectrum showed a characteristic optical absorption peak of ZnO-MgO–ZrO2 nano catalyst at 260 nm. The X-ray diffraction pattern suggested the formation and crystallinity of ZnO-MgO–ZrO2 NPs. Spherical ZnO-MgO–ZrO2 NPs synthesized with an average particle size of 26 nm were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. Photo catalytic degradation was also investigated with crystal violet dye under UV-irradiation source.

Classification of Business Crop Disease by Data Analytics

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th May 2018

Chintha Sireesha | Dr.M.S.S.Sai

Abstract

Due to automation, the term, data is large in amount so it is transformed as big data in many fields. Rapid advancements in the robotics cause floricultural data to participate in the era of big data. Traditional tools and techniques are side-lined to store and to determine this process on the part of data. To save and resolve this type of data is comparable in computing and in figuring out the need of model. Big data problem-solving is used as a quick solution to fix the problem.. To reach this solution we use Hadoop and Hive tools. The data is poised, cleansed and distribute. Data is encrypted from research laboratory reports and web sites etc. then cleansing of data is done i.e. necessary information which is extracted from disorderly unnecessary data. In the next step, we finish the normalization process. Later, Normalized data is uploaded on HDFS and save in a file placed hive. Havel is a SQL like interrogate sound which identifies some crop contamination symptoms like plague and so. And benefit an explanation occupying on evince from historical data. Result is picturized in the model graphs. That will compare the result with other with other diseases of the crop.

CO2 Purification using an Aqueous Amine Absorbent in the Syngas

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th December 2017

Jeong Ho Choi | Soung Hee Yun, Sung Chan Nam, Il Soo Chun, Jin Young Jung, Yeo Il Yoon, Jung-Hyun Lee

Abstract

The acetic acid production using syngas in the BP chemical process showed superior performance compared to using rhodium-based catalyst. However, CO2 in the syngas causes poison of the promoted-iridium and the performance of the catalyst degrades. Therefore, CO2 must remain at extremely low concentration below 20 ppmv. In this study, we try to develop the new CO2 capturing absorbent for replacing with BASF a-MDEA (activated MDEA). The absorption performance of amine absorbents was evaluated to keep the CO2 concentration low and the applicability of the absorbent for acetic acid production process was evaluated. A continuously stirred-tank reactor and differential reaction calorimeter were used to measure the CO2 absorption capacity and heat of reaction, respectively. As results among the amine absorbents, KIERSOL-N and KIERSOL-P showed better performance in both CO2 absorption capacity and heat of reaction than MEA’s results and a- MDEA’s results.

Combined Approach for Masquerade Detection Using Behavior Profiling and Decoys

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th June 2018

Mayuri M More | Mangesh R More

Abstract

Insider data theft attacks are caused by a masquerader stealing a real user's credentials and using them to mimic the authenticated user and to carry out malicious activities. Prior work focuses on user behavior profiling techniques and baiting techniques, but profiling user behavior using single modeling technique suffers from a considerable number of false positives. Also, decoys are stored at noticeable locations rather than using automatically generated decoys which may not give significant accuracy to the detection system. The proposed system will extend prior work and presents an inbuilt detection mechanism where behavior profiling will be done by the combination of more than one classifier, each using the different modeling technique to decrease false positive rate. Along with this, the system will include a baiting approach based on an automated generation of demand decoy documents on the user's file system and user authentication by challenge questions, to provide more accuracy. The proposed system could give a powerful protection mechanism against malicious insider data theft attacks

Combined Effects of Radiation and Hall Current on MHD Flow past an Impulsively Started Oscillating Vertical Plate with Variable Temperature and Mass Diffusion

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 2nd April 2018

B. Prabhakar Reddy  | 

Abstract

The numerical investigation of the effects of radiation and Hall current on an unsteady MHD flow of viscous incompressible electrically conducting fluid past an impulsively started oscillating vertical plate with variable temperature and mass diffusion has been carried out. The fluid is considered a grey, absorbing-emitting radiation but non-scattering medium. The dimensionless governing coupled partial differential equations are solved numerically by using Ritz finite element method. The influence of material parameters such as Prandtl number, Schmidt number, radiation parameter, magnetic parameter, Hall parameter, thermal and mass Grashof numbers and phase angle on the primary and secondary velocity fields, temperature and the concentration distributions are presented with the help of graphs. It has been found that an increase in the radiation parameter there is a fall in the temperature, primary and secondary velocity profiles. An increase in the value of magnetic parameter leads to decrease in the primary velocity and increase the secondary velocity. The primary and secondary velocity fields are increased when the Hall parameter increased. Further, an increase in the thermal and mass Grashof numbers increases the primary and secondary velocity fields.

Combustion and Propulsion Characteristics of Composite Solid Propellants under Elevated Conditions

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th October 2017

Pallavi Gajjar | Vinayak Malhotra

Abstract

Research efforts in Composite solid propellants are mostly carried out at standard operating static conditions and hence majority of the studies have taken place by considering lower values of supersonic area ratio and chamber pressure. The work addresses evaluation of the combustion and propulsion characteristics under elevated conditions. Composite solid propellant [AP/HTPB/Al] is selected and systematic parametric studies are carried out using NASA-CEA. The simulations were carried out for elevated chamber pressure, supersonic area ratio conditions along with varying fuel concentration and O/F ratio. The performance was analyzed in terms of change in specific impulse and characteristic velocity. The study comprises of investigating the optimized composition criterion under varying conditions. The simulation predictions were duly verified and validated with the benchmark experimental and theoretical works. The results were compared with the preceding static testing of the composite propellant under normal conditions. Results show that high values of controlling parameters and high energy materials do affect the composite propellant performance. Based on the results, an effort is made to reason out the trends obtained under elevated operating conditions for the necessary effects. Additionally, useful information regarding the inclinations of energetic materials under elevated conditions is explicated.

Comparative Analysis of Convolution Encoder Using Booth Algorithm and Vedic Mathematics

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

Poonam R. Chaudhari | Pravin R. Lakhe, P D.Bhirange

Abstract

The communication play important role in today’s world. Various technique are been adopted to make the communication system more efficient and reliable. This can be achieved by making the channel less noisy and the data to be more resistant to noise. One of the techniques used to avoid the noisy channel is Convolution Encoder. As we know that a convolution encoder is a system where in multiple multiplication is carried out, this encoder can be designed by various method. In present scenario the convolution encoder is being designed using VEDIC Mathematics and BOOTHS Algorithm. A comparative study and analysis using both the method is been done which help in making Application based Convolution Encoder

Comparative Study of Deep Fat Fried Samosa and Oxyair Fried Samosa

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Pande Snehal D | Deo Shrutika K, Bhope Pritish S, Pande Sayali D.

Abstract

Samosa is one of the majority admired savory deep fat fried snack product, consumed by all age group, it is most palatable snack in young generation. Being deep fried it possess high trans fats and saturated fats which increases risk of obesity, type -2 diabetes and cardiac arrest among youngsters. An attempt was carried out to minimize such lethal effects of fat frying by using oxy air fryer. Here a comparative study of reduction in fats, TPA and colour in deep fat fried snack samosa (DFS) and oxy air fried samosa (OFS) and study of palatability were investigated. As final result value for fat content was 22.83% for DFS and for 10.08% OFS. Colour values showed reduction in brightness (L) which ranged from 66.27 to 44.33; increase in yellowness (b) was observed (35.22 to 41.08) and redness (a) value from10.10 to 23.37 for DFS and OFS respectively. Moisture content was 22.25 % for DFS, 9.65% for OFS, while hardness for DFS is 38g While for OFS is 55g, hence from sensory evaluation it is revealed that oxyair fried samosa is acceptable and favorable for good health

Comparative Study of Efficient Neural Network Methodology for Text & Image-Based Spam Email Filteration

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th April 2018

Dipalee Patil | S. R. Ghungrad

Abstract

Internet users frequently use e-mail for fast data communication of audio, video and textual data but at the same time, they are facing problem due to unwanted e-m3ail known as spam e-mail. In order to filter this unwanted e-mail, a classifier must be placed in the network or in the computer. Spam e-mail with advertisement text embedded in images presents a great challenge to anti-spam filters. In this paper, we present a fast method to detect image-based spam e-mail. To achieve the objective, Artificial Neural Network is applied for the classification of spam and ham emails. OCR-based modules can be used against image spam, to tolerate the analysis of the semantic content embedded into images.

Comparative study of relationship between income inequality and economic growth in China with India.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th January 2018

Liu Li | Charuk Singhapreecha, Jirakom Sirisrisakulchai

Abstract

This paper applies the Engle-Granger two-step ECM approach to estimate the long-term and short-term relationships between inequality and economic growth for China and India. Our estimation results support the S-shaped curve hypothesis relating GDP per capita to inequality with different starting points for the two countries. We find a positive causal relationship between China, showing that increased income inequality spurred economic growth. Furthermore, we find the same results that the trade openness increased inequality in China and India. As for redistribution, fiscal redistributive measures show a negative effect on China and India. In the inequality-GDP per capita relationship, export shows a negative effect in China and had no significant effect in India.

Comparing feasibility of long distance transmission and locally generated solar energy over a period of 25 years in remote locations of the Indian Himalayan Region

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th September 2017

Saakshi Chauhan | Subrat Sharma

Abstract

It has been widely observed, especially in the Indian scenario, that development projects (road construction, energy infrastructure, etc.) which require large investment are usually implemented without considering alternate scenarios/solutions while other technologies/mechanisms are available. This study incorporates the use of Cost Benefit Analysis in order to ascertain the importance of determining the feasibility and efficiency of an energy project in a remote location of the Himalayas. The focus is upon electrification of remote villages which are located in challenging environments and difficult mountain terrain. The village Khati (Bageshwar district, Uttarakhand, India) is 20 kilometres far from the electricity distribution sub-station (village Karmi) and inaccessible by road, till date, and is located above 2210amsl. Net benefits from utilization of transmitted energy from sub-station was compared with a hypothetical situation of net benefits generated from utilization of same amount of energy being supplied from a solar power plant located in the village. The net benefit for the two scenarios has been calculated for a period of 25 years with the help of Net Present Value method. Benefits were much greater (more than Rs 2300 thousand) while having a decentralized local solar plant than the regular supply of transmission from centralized electricity grid. This study demonstrates the importance of feasibility analysis in such alternate scenarios especially in executing developmental projects in remote locations having difficult terrain and unstable climatic and environmental conditions.

Comparing Two Zero Energy Touristic Accommodations Located In Cold Climate Regions to Find Solutions for Designing a Zero Energy Hotel

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

Nasim Moeinkhah | Seyed Majid Mofidi Shemirani

Abstract

One of the humanities biggest concerns today is the environmental pollution and its consequences for the future. Since one of the main sources of this problem is the building industry so more attention in designing process will cause an impressive difference in measures of pollution arising from this industry so it is architects, as designers and owners of buildings, responsibility to reduce the amount of energy used by the buildings and following that the amount of pollution produced by the energy usage. One of the ways to recommend solutions for designing a zero energy hotel is to compare the buildings that have been implemented and evaluate the solutions that each one have applied in order to reduce the energy consumption . The method that was used in this article was case study method using internet references and also data collected from published articles about zero energy touristic accommodations. This case study is pursuing architectural approaches for restricting energy uses. Since solutions for cold climates are desirable by comparing these two accommodations which were both placed in cold climates, many beneficial methods for designing an energy efficient building was earned.

Comparison of Leaf Recognition using Multi-layer Perceptron and Support Vector Machine

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

Juby George | Gladston Raj S

Abstract

Identification of leaves from digital images using various automatic pattern recognition algorithms results in performance degradations. Here, various leaf features are been extracted and exposed to Multi-layer Perceptron and Support Vector Machine. The leaf images are taken from the Columbia Dataset and that are preprocessed to get the region of interest (ROI). The shape, color and vein features are then extracted from the selected ROI. The prominent features are then found out by using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The reduced feature sets are supplied to these algorithms for identification. Total 150 samples were taken from this dataset spreads over 10 different leaf species. Multilayer Perceptron and Support vector machine are trained with 104 leaf images and are been tested and validated using 23 leaf images each. A comparison is made between the performances of these two learning methods and found that the leaf recognition accuracy of the support vector machine is better than that of Multilayer Perceptron algorithm.

Computational Analysis of Aerodynamics Effects of a Rear Wing/Spoiler of Formula –1Car

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

Piyush Chavda | Darshan Ajuida

Abstract

Formula vehicle becomes very known to almost anyone due to peoples having so much love and passion on Racing and Automobiles vehicles. Aerodynamics plays a important role in efficiency of the vehicle and engine performance. To maximize the performance of the vehicle, the aerodynamics forces acting on the automobile vehicle and how to utilize those forces for increasing the performances and stability. A wing or car spoiler is accessory that generally attached to the rear end of the automobiles vehicles like car, and normally mounted on top of a car's trunk or positioned under the front bumper. The low pressure zone at back end creates drag force on vehicle is overcome by using rear Spoiler. The different designs of rear spoiler used are based on the different type of the automobile vehicles used, therefore aerodynamic shape of the automobile bodies and the point of the rear spoiler is important in this analysis. In this study, we have selected formula-1 car spoiler for our analysis purpose. To perform analysis we use commercial software CREO for solid modeling of F1 car body. After that for analysis we use CFD tools. By this analysis we can find out lift and drag forces, pressure and velocity distributions. Possibly we may improve aerodynamics of F1 car body.

Computational Docking Studies on Anti- Apoptosis Protein Inhibitors As A Novel Target on Cancer

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Wagh Jyoti Gorakh | Abhilasha Mithal

Abstract

Cancer being one of the most common types of disease affecting large number of population in the present day life, various drug molecules was developed against cancer where the cancer cells are being resistant to the drug molecules. Inhibition of apoptosis pathway is one of the leading causes of cancer, where there is uncontrolled growth of cells leading to the formation of tumors. C-FLIP is one of such protein which inhibits the apoptosis process, which can be considered as drug target by inhibiting the c-FLIP activity there will be increase in the apoptosis process which would be of potential use. In our present study we modeled c-FLIP protein contains death effector Domains (DED’s) and have taken some of natural and synthetic inhibitors that inhibit c-FLIP protein and studied the interaction studies of these ligand molecules with the protein. Among the taken 37 ligands 12 ligands were interacting with the c-FLIP protein. Among the synthetic compounds Droxinostat and in natural compounds Chyrasin are showing highest dock scores of 44.169 and 19.758. These studies could of potential use in generating new drug molecules by creating analogues with the highest interacting molecules

Computerisation of Vedic Mathematics

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th December 2018

K.Palani | T.Narmatha

Abstract

To carry out tedious and cumbersome mathematical operations, simple formulae are in the book Vedic Mathematics by Bharathi Krishna Thirathaji Maharaj. In this article, we made an attempt to write c++ programs for multiplication of two “2 digit numbers”, multiplication of any number by 11 and by 9 and division of any polynomial of degree n by any linear polynomial. as explained in Vedic Mathematics.

Consumer Behavior

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Cherian Abraham | Jyakrishnan

Abstract

Consumer behavior involves the psychological processes that consumers go through in recognizing needs, finding ways to solve these needs, making purchase decisions (e.g., whether or not to purchase a product and, if so, which brand and where), interpret information, make plans, and implement these plans. Consumers often buy products not because of their attributes per se but rather because of the ultimate benefits that these attributes provide, in turn leading to the satisfaction of ultimate values. The important thing in a means-end chain is to start with an attribute, a concrete characteristic of the product, and then logically progress to a series of consequences (which tend to become progressively more abstract) that end with a value being satisfied. A market comes into existence because it fulfills the needs of the consumer. Consumer behavior is a complex, dynamic, multidimensional process, and all marketing decisions are based on assumptions about consumer behavior. Models of consumer behavior play a key role in modern empirical Industrial Organization

Consumer Satisfaction on Personal Care Product of Hindusthan Unilever Limited With Reference To Thoothukudi

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

A.Saratha | DR.K.Kamalakannan

Abstract

Now a day's most business organizations are operating in a complex and competitive environment where demands are constantly changing. In this era of intense competition, especially within the FMCG sector, one can achieve success only after having a thorough understanding about their target consumer preference and satisfaction. Personal care industry is composed of hair care, bath products, skin care and cosmetics, and oral care. Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL) is India's largest Fast Moving Consumer Goods Company with a heritage of over 80 years in India and touches the lives of two out of three Indians Hindustan Unilever is looking to diversify its beauty and personal care portfolio and is also working on expanding its distribution network across the country over the next two years. The study is conducted in and around Thoothukudi and a sample of 60 respondents was taken. The collected data with the help of well -structured questionnaire. The study shows that consumers give more importance to the ‘Price’ of the personal care brands they buy. Further the variation of the influence of different factors across gender, marital status, age group and educational level of respondents was also analyzed in this article. The finding of the study reveals that the maximum of the respondents are female and most of the respondents are graduates using HUL personal care Products.

Consumer Satisfaction towards Online Shopping

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

S. Sivaranjani | DR. M. Jeyakumari

Abstract

The rapid development of the internet has a strong impact upon the worldwide marketing environment. Currently it has become one of the most popular approaches for businesses and customers to perform trade over the internet. Businesses are coming up with creative ways to promote their product via online. Thus, it describes how modern market is replacing the traditional markets. This study is taking place to identify the factors that may influence customer’s online shopping satisfaction. The act of purchasing products or services over the internet is called online shopping. Generally, the success of online shopping thoroughly depends on the customer satisfaction during their purchase. Today both urban and rural areas enjoy internet facilities. Precisely for this reason customers are purchasing the product and services through online. Thus this study is focused to analyse the socio- economic characteristics of the respondents and the online shopping websites preferred by the respondents. The primary data will be collected from 160 respondents in Thoothukudi district. Therefore, this paper focuses on satisfaction on online shopping and online purchasing behavior.

Consumers Attitude on Brand Loyalty of Nestle Products

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

P. Maria Delcia | Dr. V.Sangeetha, Dr.G.paulraj

Abstract

In the present days there are a large number of domestic and global players in the market place. The key to achieve success is to retain the customers by providing the things which they expect. With the presence of advanced technology, the consumers’ expectations have ascended to a very high standard and it becomes very daring for the marketers to achieve customer satisfaction. Customer attrition is another evident challenge facing every industry. In order to overcome this trend, the company has to strengthen its delivery system in both pre and post purchase services to a customer resulting to sustain 55TT55their repeated purchases and build “Brand Loyalty”. Nestle is one among a popular brand which has been serving this world for over one hundred and thirty years. It has differentiated itself through its high quality product mix and positioned itself as health and Nutrition company targeting the health conscious people throughout the world. Moreover it also deals with juices, chocolates, prepared food like noodles, baby food, infant formula milk and breakfast cereals in and extended to worldwide. Nestle is a low cost leader with its efficient operations. Branding creates emotional and cultural responses. As consumers are bombarded with a variety of products to meet the same needs, branding provides a way for consumers to reduce their time for decision-making. By considering only those products that they feel are relevant to them or that have met their needs acceptably in the past.

Convolutional Neural Network for Detection and Identification of Interstitial Lung Diseases

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Bondfale Namrata | Asst Prof. Banait Shweta

Abstract

Automated tissue characterization is standout amongst the most essential parts of computer aided diagnosis (CAD) system for interstitial lung diseases (ILDs).Deep learning strategies provides impressive results in variety of computer vision problems such as medicinal picture investigation. In this paper, we plan and evaluate a convolutional neural network (CNN) for the classification of ILD patterns. The proposed system comprises of 5 convolutional layers, trailed by two fully connected layers. The last thick layer has different outputs, equivalent to the classes like ground glass opacity (GGO), micronodules, consolidation, reticulation, honeycombing etc. Future work incorporates extending CNN to three-dimensional data (information) gave by CT volume scans and integrating the proposed method into CAD framework that intends differential diagnosis for ILDs as a strong device for radiologists.

Cooperative Networks amongst the Indian Ocean States

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th December 2017

Rahul Basu | 

Abstract

Most SAARC countries are near the Indian Ocean and are dependent on its resources for Trade, fishing, agriculture, and Tourism. Their climate and weather patterns are affected by the Monsoons which originate over the ocean mass and move on to land and back annually. Besides Global Warming and heavy rainfall, there are dangers to life and business through floods, Tsunamis and cyclones. Suitable warning systems which are coordinated can give member states advance notification of any impending disasters originating in the ocean areas. Another area of cooperation is in the Renewable energy field. Wind, solar and tidal energy networks can use the ocean as a storehouse of energy. Island countries like Seychelles, Mauritius, can also come into the ambit of such ocean-based networks which can be useful for Meteorology, Trade, Fisheries and Energy

Coronary CT Angiography in Asymptomatic Diabetes Mellitus

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th October 2017

Dr Aamir Rashid | 

Abstract

Coronary artery disease is often asymptomatic in diabetic patients until the onset of myocardial infarction or sudden cardiac death. . Coronary artery CT angiography can detect Coronary artery disease with high specificity and sensitivity. Aims & objectives : To evaluate the prevalence of coronary artery disease by CT angiography in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients asymptomatic for coronary artery disease with one or more additive risk factors for coronary artery disease. Methods: This hospital based observational study was conducted from March 2013 to August 2014 at GMC Srinagar. This study was carried out among Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients asymptomatic for coronary artery disease with one or more additional risk factors for coronary artery disease. Total of 52 patients with Type 2 diabetes patient underwent Cardiac CT ..Observation & Results: Mean age of study population was 57.08 ±9.33 years..34 were males and 18 were females. 65.39% of total patient who underwent CT Angiography had plaque in coronary arteries while 34.61% have no plaque and normal coronary vessels. 19.23% patient have significant stenosis defined by luminal narrowing more than 70%. There was statistically significant relation between those who have patient significant stenosis and non-significant stenosis with regards to mean age ,BMI ,duration of diabetes , HDL ,LDL ,total cholesterol ,TG,HbA1c and coronary calcium score. Conclusion: Asymptomatic diabetics with additional risk factors have high prevalence of atherosclerotic plaques with 19% having obstructive CAD .The timely detection of CAD can help in optimizing treatment.

CRYOGENIC

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Mrs.Kirti Bhushan Zare | 

Abstract

The term cryogenics is used to describe methods of refrigeration at very low temperatures (typically below 125 K), and distinguish them from ordinary refrigeration cycles. Many of these methods relate to the liquefaction of gases known as permanent, like air, natural gas, hydrogen or helium. Cryogenic liquid is used to directly or indirectly cool solid or liquid contaminants adhering to apparatus surfaces to effect a change in the physical characteristics of the contaminants and thereby render them more susceptible to removal operations. The challenges facing machining industries today are high metal removal rate and better product quality. Grinding is vital to many Manufacturing processes as it generates finer surfaces and closer dimensional tolerances. Cryogenics or deep freezing have been around for quite some time. There is documented research from as far back as the 1930s where German companies used it on components of jumbo aircraft engines. The austenite is unstable at this temperature and the whole structure become martensitic. This is the region to use cryogenic treatment. Processing is not a substitute for heat treating if the product is properly treated or if the product is over heated during remanufacturing or if it is over stressed during use. Cryogenic processing will not in itself harden metal like quenching and tempering, it is an additional treatment to heattreating.

Cu (II), V (IV) and Co (II) complexes of 2-picolinic acid encapsulated in fly ash based zeolite, their characterization and catalytic activity towards hydroxylation of phenol

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

S. Sheeba Thavamani | T. Peter Amaladhas

Abstract

Fly ash is a major residue generated from coal fired power plants. Owing to the environmental threats posed by fly ash, several attempts have been made for gainful utilization of fly ash. In this work, the possibility of synthesizing high value added products such as zeolites from fly ash has been explored. Fly ash based zeolite (FAZ) has been synthesized from fly ash by hydrothermal treatment. The formation of FAZ has been confirmed by FT-IR, XRD, TGA, SEM, XRF and BET surface area analysis. The cation exchange capacity of FAZ has been determined. Cu(II), V(IV) and Co(II) complexes of 2-picolinic acid have been encapsulated in the pores of FAZ by flexible ligand method. The zeolite encapsulated complexes were characterized by FT-IR, SEM, AAS, TGA, XRD and UV-Vis spectrophotometry. M-O stretching has been observed at 767 cm-1 for the encapsulated metal complexes. The encapsulated metal complexes thus prepared have been screened for catalytic activity using hydroxylation of phenol as a test reaction, the products identified to be hydroquinol and catechol by GC-MS. The extent of the reaction has been monitored as a function of time. A maximum conversion efficiency of 73.10% has been observed. Such heterogeneous catalysts offer the advantage of easy separation of the catalyst and reusability.

Current Situation of Food Adulteration: Laws, policy and governance in India and remedies to the problems

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th July 2017

F. L. Pathan | M.S.Pawara

Abstract

India has modernized its food laws system from multilevel, multidepartment to the single, strong food law system. It is in 2006 by the establishment of FSSA 2006. Keeping in view the present food adulteration in India the task force had been set up to recommend changes in the Food Safety and Standards Act. The poor implementation of the existing Food Safety and Standards Act was also a problem, especially in state governments. Testing and analytical capacity among India’s official food safety monitoring units is inadequate to manage a supply system that feeds nearly 1.3 billion people. Effective appropriation of resources to regulatory units, institutional strengthening and capacity building, tighter strategic and operational coordination among agencies, involvement of students in the fight against adulteration by adding the adulteration types and simple measures to find it out in their syllabus. Using student power to train adulterants about the ill effects of it and making them part of vigilance with total confidentiality to uproot the adulteration and problem associated with it from India.

Customer Relationship Management Strategies in Shopping Malls- A Study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

V.Vidya | Dr.M.Jeyakumari

Abstract

Internet technologies have provided many competitive advantages such as speedy, selectivity, individuality and interactivity. The Internet enables customers to search products and services meeting their needs with less time than before. The digital market place where buyers make orders on Internet and internet has appeared to become a prevalent sales channel. After dot-com bubble burst in 2002, an uncountable number of small-sized shopping malls have been thriving due to many good characteristics of online marketplace, including significantly reduced search costs and menu cost for products or services and easily accessing products or services in the world. While some malls thrive to flourish, many of them even vanished. These days, the revenue curve changes from steep to gentle slope because the owners of the shopping mall are unaware of developing CRM strategies that fit to them. Therefore, our study aims to deal with couple of research objectives; to understand the CRM strategies that could increase revenue of malls. Secondly, to identify the factors influence shoppers to continue shopping at shopping mall. Convenient sampling method is employed to collect data in the shopping malls in Southern districts of Tamilnadu. Primary data have been collected in the shopping malls from 260 respondents. The above stated research objectives are to be analysed

Customer Satisfaction on Internet Bank Services of State Bank of India in Thoothuku

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd August 2018

E. Chitrai Banu | Dr. V.Sornaganesh ,K. Mary

Abstract

In recent trend, the banking industry around the world has been undergoing a rapid transformation. The deepening of information technology has facilitated better tracking and fulfillment of commitments, multiple delivery channels for online customers and faster resolution of issues. In India too, the wave of deregulation in the early 1990s has created heightened competition and greater risks for banks and financial intermediaries. Internet banking has many advantages over other traditional banking delivery methods. Internet banking provides banks with an increased customer base, cost savings, mass customization, product innovations, improved marketing, and communication, the ability to develop non-core businesses, and the ability to offer services regardless of geography and time constraints. With the development of new technology, Internet banking is expected to become a major banking method for customers. Internet banking reduces costs by providing customers with another means of accessing their accounts without physically visiting a bank. Today, customers expect highest quality services from banks which, if fulfilled, could result in significantly improved customer satisfaction levels. This descriptive research study mainly focuses on investigating the customer satisfaction on Internet Bank Services of the State Bank of India in Thoothukudi district. Data were collected using questionnaires from 100 customers. Appropriate tools were used to find out the level of customer satisfaction on internet bank services of State Bank of India in Thoothukudi.

Cyber bullying Detection & Prevention for Social Media Using Data Mining

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th June 2018

Nangare Ravi B | Chaitali R. Kamthe, Awade Milind Shravan, Kadam Aishwarya Mahesh

Abstract

The increasing use of social communication networks by their users leads to huge amount of user-generated communication data. Due to the popularity of social media cyberbullying become the major problem in online communication and cyberbullying behavior received more and more attention. Cyberbullying may cause many serious and negative impacts on person’s life and even leads to teen suicide. In the existing system the set of unique features derived from Twitter such as network, activity, user and tweet contents. By using these features the cyberbullying words which are presented in the comment contents are detected using data mining algorithms. The rumor comments are detected using syntactic and semantic techniques. The cyberbully detection and rumor detection on social network are done separately in the existing technique. In the proposed work the detection of cyberbully words and rumor comments on social media are integrated into a single application, along with these the cyberbully contents in the post. Comments will be detected using Pattern Matching algorithm

Cyberbullying Detection based on Semantic- Enhanced Marginalized Denoising Auto-Encoder

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2018

D. Swathi | S. Babu

Abstract

Social Networking is a group of Internet based applications that allow the creation and exchange of user-generated content. Via social media, people can enjoy enormous information, convenient communication experience and so on. Since, social media may have some side effects such as cyberbullying, which may have negative impacts on the life of people, especially children and teenagers. Cyberbullying can be defined as aggressive, intentional actions performed by an individual or a group of people via digital communication methods such as sending messages and posting comments against a victim. Different from traditional bullying that usually occurs at school during face-to- face communication, cyberbullying on social media can take place anywhere at any time. Most of the individuals involved in these activities belong to the younger generations, especially teenagers, who in the worst scenario are at more risk of suicidal attempts. Here, we propose the technique for detection and avoidance of cyberbullying words in social media when cyberbullying takes place. And also proposing the technique for detection and blocking the accessing of a predator in social media

Damage Studies of Tungsten Due To Neon Ion Irradiation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 9th January 2018

M. Bhuyan | 

Abstract

Tungsten is being proposed as a front runner choice for the plasma facing component material of next generation fusion reactor because of its superior thermo-physical and mechanical properties. It is essential to study the ion material interaction for its response to severe conditions of fusion reactor. In this work, an ingenious ion source namely plasma focus is used to study the effect of neon irradiation on tungsten under various experimental conditions. Exposed and reference tungsten samples were analyzed using an optical microscope, scanning electron microscope, atomic force microscope. Surface analyses confirm the formation of micro-cracks, bubbles, blisters, holes etc. X-ray diffraction pattern confirms the development of compressive stress on the sample due to thermal load and formation of other phases or some expanded phases.

De-duplication and Security Using 3D AES over Cloud

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th April 2018

Renuka C. Deshpande | S. S. Ponde

Abstract

Deduplication process is being mostly used in cloud server space to shrink the quantity of server space and reduce network bandwidth. To eradicate duplicate pieces of repeat data, Data deduplication is exclusive data compression proposal used. To protect the confidentiality & isolation of receptive data while supporting deduplication, the convergent encryption method has been proposed to encrypt data before outsourcing. For healthier data defence, this manuscript takes the primary effort to properly deal with the difficulty of certified data deduplication. Apart from usual deduplication structure, the differential rights concept for users has further measured in replica check moreover the records itself. There are numerous novel deduplication constructions supporting certified replica check in a fusion cloud architecture. Security investigations express that our proposal is secure in conditions of the characterization specified in the proposed security representation. As an evidence of conception, we implement a trial product of our future certified duplicate check scheme and conduct testbed experiments using our trial product. We include SHA-1 algorithm to deduplicate data, IBE for the authentication of users. We also enhanced the security of cloud data by using symmetric algorithms i.e. Modified (3D) AES with least operating cost evaluate to previous research operations. The proposed results find that the storage, speed and security have been increased compared to previous research operations.

Decision Style for Feedback Approach

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st December 2017

Manju Pandey | 

Abstract

These Decisions making is an important real-world problem alternative are prioritized and based on one or more criteria decision goal is achieved. Decisions are taken individually or in groups. In the latter case, decision making is referred to as group decision making. In this paper, decision support system for feedback mechanism is developed. The questionnaire for the feedback is prepared. Each question is evaluated on given scale value. The criteria to answer the questionnaire are assigned the value and these values are finally added to get the score.

Decision Support System for Fertilizer Recommendation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th April 2018

Savita M. Gungewale | Dr. V. V. Bag

Abstract

India is known as an agricultural country, where the recommendations for use of fertilizers is given by traditional methods. At present, recommendations for farmers are based on communication between farmers and experts and different experts have a variety of recommendations. The proposed work uses past agricultural activities as a data for providing the recommendation to the farmers. The objective is to develop a decision support system for optimizing fertilizer used for agriculture, enabling farmers to maximize crop yields, save cost and increase their profits. In the proposed system, data mining is applied to recommend fertilizers which are interpreted from different soil test results. C4.5 can be used to effectively classify training data and use that training data to recommend fertilizers. The proposed system accepts nutrients and crop as an input and recommends organic, inorganic fertilizers and remark as a result. The farmers get access to an easy-to-use interface that eliminates the guesswork and minimizes the uncertainties involved in making fertilizer management decisions.

Deep Learning for Medical Diagnosis

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd September 2017

Madhulika G. | Ramya A.R.L, Jyosna R

Abstract

Deep Learning is a sub-area of Machine Learning, which deals with the recognition, processing, interpretation and classification of images, text, speech, etc. Disease identification and diagnosis of ailments is at the forefront of ML research in medicine. It is especially interesting for the medical field, which conducts the analysis and diagnostics based mainly on images. A wide variety of technologies and tools are involved in the diagnostic process like the Health IT. Health IT plays key roles in various aspects of the diagnostic process: capturing information about a patient that informs the diagnostic process, including the clinical history and interview, physical exam, and diagnostic testing results; shaping a clinician’s workflow and decision making in the diagnostic process; and facilitating information exchange. This iterative, time-consuming process is costly as it causes threat to many people’s lives. Deep Learning aims at delivering faster, accurate medical diagnostic services for patients. The potential of this technique not only assists in medical decisions and the accuracy of the diagnosis, but also assists the medical specialist to suggest treatment measures to improve speed and performance.

Dehydration of Onion: a Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Y.A.Sargar | S.B.Swami, K.H.Pujari

Abstract

Onion (Allium cepa L.) is considered to be one of the most important crops in all countries. It is the round in shape edible bulb. Red, white and gold onions represent the most common varieties of this species. It is widely used as seasoning in foods. Onion is a strong-flavoured vegetable used in a wide variety of ways, and its characteristic flavour (pungency) or aroma, biological compounds and medicinal uses are mainly due to their high organo-sulphur compounds. Dehydration process removes moisture content of food. The advantage of dehydrated foods is that low moisture content slows down or prevents the growth of microorganisms that causes spoilage reactions and increases its storability. Dried onions are a product of great significance in world trade produced either as flaked, minced, chopped or powdered forms. Various drying methods being used for dehydration of onion such as open air drying, solar drying, convective air drying, fluidized bed drying, vacuum microwave drying, infrared drying, microwave freeze drying and osmotic drying. The commonly used dehydration method is open air sun drying and solar drying demands longer drying time, high temperature and affected by daily fluctuation of weather and thereby making it difficult to maintain the product moisture content and quality properly because of air-borne dirt and dust so other drying methods are good for dehydration and to maintain the quality of product. The color and flavour of dried onions are considered the most important quality attributes affecting the degree of acceptability of the product by the consumer. Hence colour and flavor retention of onion during drying is most important attributes for the onion dehydration

Design And Analysis of Quick Change Over for Starter Performance Test Bench

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th July 2017

Dr. M. Gunamani Singh | 

Abstract

This paper presents the results from a qualitative research study that explores the experiences of high school teachers with some of teaching techniques and approaches in critical pedagogy.The study considers teachers who may not have explicitly learned about or applied critical pedagogy in teaching. It investigates how feasible and desirable they find the techniques and approaches in critical pedagogy to be based on their teaching experiences these teachers work in school with largely upper – middle class students, so the issue of applying critical pedagogy with affluent students adds a dimension of interest to this study.It was generally expected that school teachers would be implementing several teachingapproaches relating to critical pedagogy prescribed in NCF-2005 but these pedagogieswere found only partially implementedby them at Elementary stage in Manipur. Probably this could be one of the main reasons that the problem of low achievement in English persisted in some schools and English language learners did not attain the proficiency of languageskills required at the end of the Elementary stage in Manipur. Therefore, there isneed to address this issue because it may not help future careers of the children. After the identification of this problem, ten schools (5 Private English medium schools and 5 Government schools) were selected for our study. Among these 5 Private schools, 2 of them were convent schools. Of the 5 Government schools, one is a model school where relatively more facility has been created by the Government. In order to carry out the investigation, questionnaires were administered to the teachers of English, who are working in these ten schools and their responses were analyzed. In addition, the Heads/Principals were also consulted by the investigator in relation to teaching/learning process, evaluation systems and their administration. We found some

Design and Simulation of Multiband Band pass Filter Having Rectangular Shaped Defects in Ground Plane

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st November 2017

Gazala Qadri | 

Abstract

In this paper light is thrown on the art of imagery by Kamala Das in her poetry. In general Imagery is a creation of the picture in terms of words. It serves the purpose of making experience of life vivid and life-like. Poets, who are incapable in this art of creating imagery, fail in their profession. In literature, imagery can be defined as “covering those uses of language [. . .] that evoke sense-impressions by literal or figurative reference to perceptible or „concrete‟ objects, scenes, actions, or states as distinct from the language of abstract argument or exposition” (Baldick 164). In poetry, imagery is the representation of mental pictures appealing to senses rather than sight; and it is the depiction of qualities through words and pictures. For poets, imagery is the primary vehicle utilizing to transport their readers to a new experience. They can draw their readers into a sensory experience by the use of imagery. Imagery sharpens the impact of the words by poets as they show us with their words rather than just telling us what they feel. Imagery in poetry can be defined as a name given to the elements that spark off the senses. Imagery is the literary device employed in poetry which provide message or theme to a poem. Imagery is used for the strong sensory words for creating clear mental picture for the readers which enables them to feel what the poet thinks and feels in composition. Kamala Das has employed abundant images and symbols in her poetry.Imagery of Kamala Das is succinct, sensory, metaphorical, and evocative. Imagery in her poetry includes more than six senses, sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell. Her artistic craftsmanship is revealed through her use of imagery and symbols.Kamala Das has borrowed images in her poetry from her daily life and mostly are symbolic. She has employed functional imagery rather than decorative.Ezra pound remarks: “An image is one which presents an intellectual and emotional complex in an instant of time” (qtd. in Singh 132).Kamala Das‟ ancestral home and her grandmother, plays an important role in the maximum images she has employed in poetry. In poem, “The Sea”, Kamala Das reminiscences her past through the imagery of sea. She remembers the fortunate time of her past and feels nostalgic in the present. The imagination or the usage of images has been outstanding in her poetry that fulfils the desire to understand the subject of sensuality. Every reader—critic or mere entertainer can comprehensively grasp her poetry through usage of poetic devices. Her attraction for it, she clarifies later, is „a childish whim, „a thing associated with her dreamy past: But, ….at the basement of the sea (The Descendants 34).

Design of L Block Lightweight Block Cipher IP Core

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Aljazeera.K.R | Nandakumar.R,Ershad.S.B

Abstract

Existing cryptographic algorithms were designed to meet the needs of the desktop computing era and thus require significant resources to implement. Now a days most of the devices available in the market are resource constrained. Here lightweight cryptography plays a pivotal role. It lends itself to implementation as a block cipher providing a scalable, pipelined architecture. Most importantly, lightweight block ciphers can be implemented with low latency making them ideal for applications in which deterministic performance is required. In this project a detailed study of L Block block cipher is done which is a lightweight cipher in both hardware and 8-bit platforms and an IP core is developed after its implementation. The block size of L Block is 64-bit and the key size is 80-bit and it can achieve competitive hardware and software performances when compared with other known lightweight block ciphers. . L Block cipher is implemented on Xilinx Spartan-6 FPGA (XC6LX16-CS324) and its performance metrics were obtained. It can serve as a benchmark for the hardware design engineers to model devices that utilizes lightweight characteristics.

Design of Photo Catalyst Induced Solar Photo Electrolysis Cell using Titanium Oxide as Catalyst and Zinc/Copper as Electrode

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Diptanu Dey | Sanjib Das ,Bharath Kumar Boyanapalli,Solanki Das

Abstract

Because of lower efficiency of solar photovoltaic cells, alternative means to harvest electric power from sunlight need to be explored. The idea is to use a photo catalyst to split water molecules into protons and hydroxyl ions and effectively separating the charges to produce usable electric power. A nafion membrane is used to separate the photons from the electrolyte. A zinc mesh is used to collect the protons effectively while copper plate situated outside the zinc mesh collects remaining electrons in the electrolyte. The protons generated are used to create a potential difference across the Copper(+) and Zinc(-) electrodes. Fine carbon particles are suspended within the electrolyte. Being effective black body, the carbon particles absorb maximum sunlight and transmit it to the electrolyte, thus improving the light absorption. To maintain constant supply of electrolyte, i.e., water, in the cell, it is fed by a water source separated by a RO membrane. Such a concept can also be used to harness solar energy when installed in bay area that have high amounts of incident Solar Irradiance, thus facilitating mass scale production of Solar Power and act as a major contributor in the overall electricity generation. Such a bay of cells provides high efficiency with negligible maintenance and low installation cost. It also has a very low requirement of surface availability, thus improving the effectiveness of the device. This project will be highly applicable in the Asian countries, especially the coastal areas.

Detection of Breast Cancer Using Mammogram Classification by Using 2 DWT & GLCM

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th April 2018

Varad Mayee | P.B.Bhalerao

Abstract

Breast cancer is found to be the most common form of cancer found in women which is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Detection of abnormality at the earliest increases the chances of successful treatment and can reduce the mortality rate. MRI is a widely used medical imaging technique. Noise in MRI negatively affects image processing and analysis works. The main objective of the pre-processing stage is to improve the quality of an image by removing the irrelevant noises and unwanted portions in the image so as to convert the image into some other representation that is more meaningful, thus making it easier to interpret the details in an image. In this proposed work various filtering algorithms are discussed and compared and an automated scheme for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) breast segmentation is proposed. It is found that there are several types of abnormalities in the breast. Among those, signs of breast cancer are normally associated with asymmetry between images of left and right breasts. Another type of abnormalities related to breast tumours is the presence of micro-calcifications in the breast, the presence of masses in the breast and Architectural Distortion (AD). Architectural Distortion refers to, disruption of the normal arrangement of the tissue strands of the breast resulting in a radiating or haphazard pattern without an associated visible centre. Micro-calcifications (MC) are tiny deposits that range from 50 to several hundred microns in diameter, which usually appear in clusters. Masses are signs of breast cancer. Masses with speculated margins have a high likelihood of malignancy. Architectural distortion (AD) is the third most common mammographic finding of breast cancer. Literature informs that about 81% of the speculated mass and 48-60% of an AD is malignant and it is estimated that 12-45% of cancers not found in mammographic screening are the AD. The detection sensitivity of the current computer systems for v speculated mass and AD is not as effective as micro-calcification detection algorithms and thus there is a pressing need for improvements in their detection.

Detection of Citrus Plant Leaf Diseases Using Image Processing

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th May 2018

S. Mahalakshmi | S. Rajesh

Abstract

Agriculture is a most important and ancient occupation in India. As economy of India is based on agricultural production, utmost care of food production is necessary. Pests like virus, fungus and bacteria causes infection to plants with loss in quality and quantity production. There is large amount of loss of farmer in production. Hence proper care of plants is necessary for same. The disadvantage of prior systems method is it’s confinement to citrus plants itself. So we propose to extend and generalize the learning aspect of citrus leaves classifier so that it can detect other plant leaves diseases too. For improving accuracy rate and time consuming.

Detection of Hard Exudates, Soft Exudates, Red Spots and Hemorrhages

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

S.Saranya devi | P.Anuja,Bhagyalakshmi.K.M, Jinchu.J

Abstract

The most complex system in human body is eye. Nowadays there is increase in vision loss patients mainly due to retinal diseases. Some diseases cannot be identified early unless it affects the vision as it has no symptoms. But it can be identified by some clinical signs in the retina which cannot be viewed through naked eye but through fundus photography. Traditionally, retinal diseases are diagnosed by manual observations of fundus images and it is a time consuming process. So an automatic algorithm is need to be develop to detect and classify various clinical signs. Some of the clinical signs of retinal diseases are hard exudates, soft exudates, red spots and haemorrhage. We used MATLAB software to develop an algorithm. Various techniques have been proposed to detect these signs but the efficiency is less and there is a chance of mismatching. Hence we proposed a new technique known as skin locus model which is used only for face detection till now. In this technique pixels between the images are compared and based on certain threshold the various clinical signs are detected ad classified. We used DRIVE database, an open source database images, which has been acquired from the fundus photography. Our proposed algorithm reduces man power, time consumption and also help the retinal diseased patients by preventing or delaying the vision loss. It also avoid mismatching of clinical signs.

Detection of Toxin Genes in E. Coliisolate PE74 by PCR analysis

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th September 2017

Mary Conice | Usha M.S.

Abstract

E.coliisolatepe74 culture which showed positive for cytotoxic effect was selected for PCR analysis. On genomic DNA isolation, isolate pe74 showed prominent band on agarose gel electrophoresis. Isolatepe74 was analyzed for the presence of stx, stx2f, stx2, stx2c, stx2e, eaeA, stx2dandhlyA using different primers. On PCR amplification isolate pe74 showed no amplified product for Stx1 however only primer dimmers were observed in sample. PCR analysis of isolate pe74 showed positive to stx2f with a band close to 150 bp and a band between 100 and 200 bp for stx2c.

Determinants of voluntary adoption of IFRS by Indian Small Capitalisation companies

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th January 2018

Kamala Kant Das | Prof. Dr. A. K. Das Mohapatra, Nameirakpam Chetana

Abstract

Introduction The long felt need for unification of accounting language across countries has to lead the propagation of IFRS including IAS. Convergence of the accounting language followed at local or regional level with that of the IFRS has many advantages such as increased access to global capital, harmonization of accounting practices across nations, reaching out to global investors, taking an informed decision, mobilising global resources and professionalization of accounting education the world over. Leading economies of the world have volunteered to be the pioneer in embracing the IFRS either through adoption or through convergence. India is one among the pioneers in doing so with its large companies classified as those having a net worth of Rs. 1000 crore (i.e, $ 224.27 million USD) or more mandated to adopt IFRS with effect from April 1, 2011. This was to be followed by companies with net worth of Rs. 500 crore (i.e, $ 82.63 million USD ) or more, from April 1, 2016, and the companies with Rs. 250 crore (i.e, $ 38.31 million USD) or more from April 1, 2017. The rest of the companies are to adopt IFRS voluntarily. Adoption of IFRS is beneficial to every kind of business, large, medium or small including the micro-enterprises. The SMALL CAPs (Small Capitalisation companies) in India too is to get benefit from IFRS. This paper examines the nature and extent to which SMALL CAPs, i.e, companies with net worth between $ 15.4 million to $ 37.5 million have adopted the IFRS in India and to determine the factors which influence adoption of IFRS by the SMALL CAPs on a voluntary basis. Research problem The BSE listed SMALL CAP companies for being considered as companies having fewer resources may have constraints in adopting and implementing IFRS even though the implementation of IFRS is advantageous to them. It is therefore considered prudent to ask questions as to 1. The extent to which SMALL CAPs have accepted and implemented IFRS; 2. The nature, extent and dimension of such implementation; and 3. The factors which primarily drive SMALL CAPs to adopt and implement IFRS. The aim of the study: This paper (1) Examines the nature and extent to which SMALL CAPs in India have adopted the IFRS; and (2) Determines the factors which influence adoption of IFRS by the SMALL CAPs on a voluntary basis. Research and methodology: • Data Source and method of data collection: The study is based mainly on analysis of primary data collected through own developed questionnaire in a 5-point Likert scale. The questionnaire consists of 30 statements distributed among 216 respondents of 80 selected SMALL CAPs. The respondents include chartered accountants, cost accountants, company secretaries, senior managers, and policy makers associated with SMALL CAPs, selected at random. • Data Analysis: Factor analysis has been conducted on the collected data by using SPSS 22.00 to identify the influencing factors for voluntary adoption of IFRS by SMALL CAPs. Important findings The study reveals that voluntary adoption of IFRS by SMALL CAPs in India is influenced by three major factors, namely, FDI inflows, FDI inflows, unification of reporting, Reporting durability and reporting cost. Originality/Contribution The study is original and empirical in nature. It is based on data collected through structured questionnaire. The perception of the preparers and analysts of accounting reports of selected SMALL Cap companies in India keeping in view the changing paradigm of the accounting principles has been analysed in the study.

Determination of Surface Drainage Coefficient through Rainfall Analysis

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd November 2017

Arthi .T | Dr. R.Lalitha

Abstract

Drainage is removal of undesirable excess water from a region; crop land, city streets, dwelling place, playground, airport etc. The drainage need is expressed in terms of drainage coefficient. Drainage coefficient is expressed as the depth in centimetre of water drained off from a given area in 24 hours. Daily rainfall data was analysed to obtain one to four consecutive days maximum rainfall. One to four consecutive days maximum rainfall data were arranged in descending order. Accordingly ranks are given for each year 1991 to 2014. Then by lognormal, Weibull and Gumbel distributions probabilities corresponding to maximum rainfall were found out. Excepted values for one to four consecutive days were estimated by three most widely used probability functions namely Gumbel, lognormal and extreme value type-III distribution. One to four consecutive days rainfall valves were computed for R.I of 5,10,15 and 20 years. The drainage coefficients were calculated by subtracting basic infiltrations rate from consecutive days rainfall for RI of 5, 10, 15 and 20 years.

Determination of Unsaturated Hydraulic Conductivity in Field Conditions through Inverse Modelling Using Hydrus-ID

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd November 2017

Dr K.Sunanda | G. Sreedhar Kanth

Abstract

Ideation is the hub of innovation. In this century , the context of business has changed considerably because of globalization, Privatization, and liberalization. Business has become a global village with immense diversity of all nature. This has made ideation process very culture-bound locally , but with extensive global connectivity. Ideation and creativity are the germinating activities for any innovation system. Innovations are rapid and as fast as they change the corporate landscape. Ideation can be defined as the thought process involved in apprehending and expressing a new concept. Creativity on the other hand , is the outcome of the cognitive process of ideation undertaken by individuals and organizations. This paper explains ideation, creativity and innovation methods and process with different models. It helps to understand ideation and creativity process with the case studies of some of the multinational companies. This gives the entrepreneurs to understand the process and develop their business.

Determination of Unsaturated Hydraulic Conductivity in Field Conditions through Inverse Modelling Using Hydrus-ID

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd November 2017

M. R. Namitha | V. Ravikumar

Abstract

In this study, the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity (K) of sandy loam soil was determined through inverse modelling. The transient unsaturated water flow was simulated by numerically solving the Richards equation with the finite element code of Hydrus-1D. The cumulative infiltration flux across a boundary at different time was used as the input variable to optimise the soil hydraulic parameters. The inverse method generally uses a weighted least-squares approach in which numerically simulated data are fitted to the measured data. van Genuchten hydraulic model was chosen for the determination of unsaturated hydraulic conductivity. The soil hydraulic parameters viz. residual water content (θr), saturated water content (θs), inverse of air entry value (α), water retention parameter (n), and saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) were optimised in successive iterations. The optimised parameter values were fitted in the van Genuchten model for obtaining the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity of the proposed soil.

Determination of Unsaturated Hydraulic Conductivity in Field Conditions through Inverse Modelling Using Hydrus-ID

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 30th January 2018

M. R. Namitha | V. Ravikumar

Abstract

In this study, the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity (K) of sandy loam soil was determined through inverse modelling. The transient unsaturated water flow was simulated by numerically solving the Richards equation with the finite element code of Hydrus-1D. The cumulative infiltration flux across a boundary at different time was used as the input variable to optimise the soil hydraulic parameters. The inverse method generally uses a weighted least-squares approach in which numerically simulated data are fitted to the measured data. van Genuchten hydraulic model was chosen for the determination of unsaturated hydraulic conductivity. The soil hydraulic parameters viz. residual water content (θr), saturated water content (θs), inverse of air entry value (α), water retention parameter (n), and saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) were optimised in successive iterations. The optimised parameter values were fitted in the van Genuchten model for obtaining the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity of the proposed soil.

Deterministic Scenario vs. Stochastic Scenario in Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA): A Case on Iranian Forest Management Units

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 21st March 2018

Majid Zadmirzaei Soleimandarabi | Soleiman Mohammadi Limaei, Alireza Amirteimoori

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to estimate the relative efficiency of Iranian forest management units with both deterministic and stochastic Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Towards this end, the required data were collected from 14 Iranian forest management units included 2 inputs (growing stock, plantation costs) and 2 outputs (harvesting revenues, forest protection tasks). In the deterministic scenario, the most frequently applied DEA model-BCC is used in which results showed that most of the forest management units are operating at low-efficiency levels (just 35.71% efficient units). However, in forestry, some external uncertain factors such as socio-economic and climate factors influence the magnitude of harvesting revenues of forest management units. Thus, in an uncertain scenario, an output-oriented Chance Constrained Data Envelopment Analysis (CCDEA) is used. Results were significantly different according to different risk criterion levels (α). Nevertheless, using Kendall's tau correlation test showed by increasing the probability levels (1- α) of CCDEA their result is closed to deterministic DEA, it means that there were 5 efficient units (2, 3, 8, 9, and 10) in all scenarios. Therefore, according to the output-oriented nature of DEA models, the managers of the inefficient units should increase their output while their inputs proportions remain unchanged; otherwise, they will not be able to promote their overall productivity.

Development and Applications of Nanoemulsion in Food Technology

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th December 2017

Kavya Areekkattu Parambil | Dakshan Kumar Nethaji

Abstract

The importance of nanotechnology and uses in food industries has received great attention. Nanoemulsions are finding application in diverse areas such as drug delivery, food, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and material synthesis. In the food industry, nanoemulsions are being explored to encapsulate, stabilize and deliver lipophilic constituents like flavours, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, preservatives and nutraceuticals. Nanoemulsion production for encapsulation and delivery of functional compounds is one of the emerging fields which can be applied to the food industry. High and low energy methods are used to prepare nanoemulsions, with the help of high-pressure homogenizers, sonication, and some low-energy emulsification, as well as bubble bursting method used to prevent their degradation and improve their bioavailability. The application of nano-based emulsion to food systems still poses challenges in terms of the production process and the food systems to which they will be applied in terms of product safety. This review provides insight into nanoemulsion composition, processing, properties, and potential applications for utilization within the food industry.

Development Induced Displacement: Impact on Women of Odisha

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Prithvi Mohanty | 

Abstract

The model of development underwent a metamorphosis and became a techno-managerial model with exclusive emphasis on growth. The concerns of justice have almost come to be abandoned with the inauguration of the new economic reform in the name of structural adjustments. Industrial revolution caused innumerable dramatic changes in the whole range of social arrangements from the nature of the State to the processes and purpose of the governance. It was in the wake of these changes that the state acquired relative autonomy involving totally new forms of legitimization [Amaratya Sen, 1999; 44 ]. The shift in the role of the State from an interventionist to that of a regulatory mechanism or even when act as a profitable institution calls for deeper attention. Is evil outweighed by the larger good arising from development projects? Why displacement? For whom? Who decides the public purpose, the propriety of displacement? Whether the evaluation of resources of the affected people, which includes their social, cultural and other aspects of life, could re-compensate them adequately? Since displacement is a traumatic experience for every one undergoing it, how does it affect women differently? What are the social constraints that prohibit women from taking appropriate advantage of any development projects? What are the root causes of these constraints? These are some of the vital questions to be answered in this research project and the status of women is also closely linked to this general debate, as all these aspects have radically altered the discourse regarding displacement and resettlement into an issue of development.

Development of Analytical Framework on Optimization of Construction Equipment for Multiple Infrastructure Projects

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Mr. Amit Shriwas | Dr. Sudhir Nigam

Abstract

Indias gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 7.6 per cent in the year 2015-16, has made India the fastest growing economy in the world. Considering the importance of Infrastructure growth, a critical factor for the continued economic growth of the country, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highway - Government of India has proposed Rs 25 trillion investment in infrastructure for the next three years (2017-2020) duration imparting major share for developing 27 industrial clusters and for road, railway and port connectivity projects. Construction equipment plays vital role for development of Infrastructure. Construction equipments operational cost contributes 36 percent of the total project cost. Hence effective equipment management plays important role in infrastructure project management resulting into the substantial cost saving. In this research paper we have analyzed two infrastructure (highway development) projects comprising construction of bridges, reinforced earthen wall, culvert and vehicular underpasses. Critical path method is applied for the time and activities scheduling along with construction equipment allocation for both the project. During study float availability is identified as main influencing factor and the same is analyzed to optimize the construction equipment in infrastructure project.

Development of Disposable Activated Bombyx Mori Silk Fabric Biostrips for Pasteurization Test of Milk

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Kirti Rani | 

Abstract

Pasteurization of Milk and milk products are essential because non-pasteurized milk has alkaline phosphatases (ALP) which cause intra-abdominal bacterial infections after drinking. Therefore, milk industries test the milk after pasteurization using various chemical methods including boiling. Here, objective of this work is to detect the presence of alkaline phosphatase in the pasteurized milk by using disposable dry-reagent biostips of sodium nitrate treated/ sodium chloride treated activated Bombyx mori silk fabric which are prepared by immobilization of bromocresol green and p-nitophenol phosphate which gave the instant color change from light blue to green if sample is not pasteurized and test is called positive (ALP +ve). This test was observed to carry out any ambient temperature conditions and prepared activated silk strips can be stored up to 7-8 months in non-humid conditions which might be considered cost effective and rapid biosensor employed for the qualitative estimation of alkaline phoshatase in the milk samples or milk products.

Development of Mahogany Leaf (Swietenia macrophylla) as Source of Green Battery to Help Rehabilitation in Bukit Suligi Educational Forest

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 7th September 2017

Mahtuf Ikhsan | 

Abstract

Nowdays, major problem faced by Bukit Suligi Educational Forest is deforestation in which around 70 % FTC (Forest Training Facility) has been burned, and palm oil is illegally planted surrounding the area. From burned area, rehabilitation is the real choice to preserve Bukit Suligi Educational Forest. According to the problem, a study needs to be done to prove that there are trees in the forest that can produce an alternative energy for the community. This is what will change the perception of people who think the value of forest is lower than palm oil plantation. Utilization of mahogany leaf (Swietenia macrophylla) as one of alternative sources that can generate electricity based on the characteristics of mahogany leaf produces a bitter taste in the tongue entirely. This research is done by getting mahogany leaf in Bukit Suligi Educational Forest and making green battery model from mahogany leaf extract in Forestry Vocational School of Pekanbaru. Based on the results, 720 ml green battery model can generate electricity of 3,87 volts. Therefore, mahogany leaf extract is potential for a new alternative electrical energy. From this research, it can be expected that community around the forest will take an initiative to restore degraded forests with mahogany plant.

Development of Power Tiller Operated Harvester for Small Onion (Allium Cepa var. Aggregatum)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd November 2017

N.Nisha | B.Shridar

Abstract

Harvesting of small onion crop from the field is an important operation in the cultivation of small onion. In our country, few models of small onion harvesters are developed in which damage of bulbs are more so it is not used by farmers. Non- availability of matching equipment for different farm operations limits the versatility of the power tillers. Hence a small onion harvester is developed as an attachment to power tiller which will increase the annual usage of power tiller in the farmers holding in addition to make the power tiller a versatile power source. The structural analysis was carried out using SolidWorks software to predict the behavior of the digging tool while working in soil using the design parameters. The performance of power tiller operated small onion harvester was field tested for harvesting CO (On) 5 variety. The field capacity was found to be 0.08 ha h-1. The cost of harvesting with the small onion harvester was Rs. 918/- ha-1. The saving in cost and time were 59.2 and 93.75 per cent respectively as compared to conventional method of manual harvesting. The break-even point (BEP) of the small onion harvester costing Rs. 9000 was 60.13 h of operation per annum. The harvesting, conveying and soil separation efficiency of the developed harvester is 97.4, 86.9 and 84 per cent..

Development of Spirulina Fortified Pineapple RTS

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Mane K. A | Ghodke S. V, Patil K.V

Abstract

The present investigation was undertaken to develop spirulina based pineapple RTS. Spirulina often known as super food is a natural algae (Cyanbacteria) that is incredibly high in protein and a good source of antioxidant, vitamin B and other nutrients. It is largely made up of protein and essential amino acids. The high concentration of protein and iron makes it ideal during pregnancy, after surgery, or anytime the immune system needs a boost. Spirulina powder was added in pineapple RTS in varied concentrations. Three samples were prepared using 0.01%, 0.1% and 1% of spirulina along with other ingredients to prepare product having adequate sensory attributes. RTS samples were evaluated for organoleptic properties. The best chosen product was assessed for its chemical composition. Pineapple RTS prepared with spirulina powder exhibited acceptable organoleptic properties. Fortification of spirulina to pineapple RTS increases its protein content markedly

Development of Whey Based Custard Apple (Annona Squamosa l.) Herbal (Mentha Arvensis) Beverage

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Pradeep P. Liman | Amol D. Shinde, Vinay Oswal

Abstract

The present study entitled as “Development of whey based custard apple herbal beverage” evaluate the use of whey and custard apple in different combinations. To study the physico-chemical properties of whey based custard apple beverage (WCAB) compared with the physico-chemical properties of whey based bustard apple herbal beverage (WCAHB). Method- Firstly, the four combinations of whey, custard apple pulp and sugar were WCAB1 (90% whey, 10% custard apple pulp and 10% sugar), WCAB2 (85% whey, 15% custard apple pulp and 10% sugar), WCAB3 (80% whey, 20% custard apple pulp and 10% sugar) and WCAB4 (75% whey, 25% custard apple pulp and 10% sugar), they were evaluated for sensorial and physicochemical analysis. The sensorial analysis showed that WCAB2 (85% whey, 15% custard apple pulp and 10% sugar) was rate maximum and proved to be nutritious in all the physico-chemical analysis. Similarly, herbal beverage were also developed in four combinations of whey, custard apple pulp, sugar in addition with 2% mentha extract were WCAHB1, WCAHB2, WCAHB3 and WCAHB4 respectively, their sensorial analysis showed that WCAHB1 (89% whey, 14% custard apple pulp, 2% mentha and 10% sugar) was rate maximum and proved to be nutritious in all the physico-chemical analysis. Conclusion- According to sensory and physico-chemical analysis of whey based custard apple beverage and herbal beverage, the beverage prepared with incorporation of mentha extract scored maximum sensorial score in almost all characters. Considering results of physico-chemical analysis beverage prepared from 89% whey, 9% pulp, 2% mentha extract and 10% sugar was a good formulation

Development, Performance & Evaluation of Automatic Vegetable Transplanting Mechanism for Protray Seedlings

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th December 2017

Vivek P | Duraisamy V.M, Kavitha R

Abstract

Most of the vegetables like tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), chilli (capsicum annuum l.) and eggplant (solanum melongena) are first sown in nursery beds and later transplanted manually either on ridges or on a well-prepared seedbed. Moreover, there are several activities involved in the vegetable transplanting operation. Particularly transplanting of vegetable seedlings are labour intensive. In India, labour requirement for manual transplanting of vegetables varies from 240 to 320 man-h ha-1. Keeping the above facts in view, the research was conducted on development and performance evaluation of an automatic gripping type transplanting mechanism for plug type vegetable seedlings. Tomato, chilli and brinjal seedlings were considered as the transplanting object which is local and major plug type protray vegetable seedlings of Tamil Nadu. 40 and 25 days old chilli, brinjal and tomato seedlings were used for the study. Well decomposed coco-pith was used as media for raising the vegetable seedlings. A moisture content of the growth media was found that 68.46%. The tray contains 98 cells in which the arrangement of cells is 14 x 7. The growth characteristics of vegetable plug type protray seedlings were recorded. Development of an automatic transplanting mechanism consisted of a pneumatically actuated gripper for grasping and releasing the plug type seedling, pneumatic cylinder for removing the seedling from the protray cell and linear rail used for transplant the seedlings in linear motion which moves on the linear guideway. The entire operations of transplanting mechanism were programmed in the microcontroller which is controlled by Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) unit. The pneumatic air was supplied from compressor to the pneumatic actuated gripper and cylinder through Filter Regulator Lubricator (FRL) unit. The transplanting rate of developed mechanism was set as 20 - 25 seedlings per minute. The success ratios of automatic transplanting of seedlings were 87.22%, 91.72% and 89.85% for 25 days old tomato seedlings, 40 days old chilli and brinjal seedlings respectively. In terms of success ratio of transplanting, the average for the three kinds of seedlings was 89.59%. The pick-up device satisfactorily grasped and removed each seedling from the protray, and transported the seedling to the place where they would be precisely transplanted into the ground.

DFT studies on Vibrational, NLO, Thermal and Energy Gap studies of 4-(3-clorophenyl)-2-phenyl- 1, 3-thiazole (Cl-PPT)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd July 2017

V. Vasantha Kumar | J. Laxmikanth Rao

Abstract

DFT studies have been carried out on CL-PPT using DFT-B3LYP/6-311+G level of the theory. The structural parameters of the title molecule, like bond length, bond angle and dihedral angles have been calculated and compared with available experimental data. The FTIR wave numbers are calculated using above mentioned method and compared with the experimental IR wave numbers. Nonlinear optical properties and thermal properties have been calculated using the same methodology. The frontier molecular orbital studies have been carried out to explain the charge transfer in title molecule. From this analysis, it can be seen that the vibrational frequencies obtained from B3LYP method are in good agreement with the experiment

Dietary habits among tribal youth in the Gumla district of Jharkhand, India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th December 2017

Chandra Samanta | 

Abstract

A healthy dietary habit is indispensable for better nutritional status for the “youth span” (15-24 years of age group) of life due to innumerable physical changes. Physical changes along with adoption of poor dietary habits can make youth the nutritionally vulnerable group. And they become not only nutritionally vulnerable but also hard to reach population when we consider the tribal youth. Traditional foods are mainly regarded as the primary source of the regular diet of the tribal population irrespective of age. However, very less information is available regarding the dietary habit and nutritional status of the tribal youth. With an objective to assess the dietary habits in terms of dietary diversity and nutritional status of tribal youth, this cross‐ sectional study was conducted in Gumla district of Jharkhand, India. A total of 220 youths aged 15-24 years were selected to participate in the study. Data were collected on socio-demographic characteristics, Dietary diversity, the primary source of consumed food and anthropometry. Statistical analysis has been performed using SPSS software (version 22). Starchy staples namely cereals consumption was universal and 97.7% youth consumed white tubers. In case of micronutrient-rich vegetable groups, only 15.5%, 67.3 % and 90.5% of youth consumed vitamin A rich, green leafy and other vegetables respectively. Although 91.8% of the study sample were non-vegetarian, considering the bodybuilding foods only 42.7% of youth consumed flesh foods and 18.6% consumed milk and milk products. This type of dietary consumption resulted in 20.5 % of the studied population as underweight. It is only 79.5 % youth of the study sample were found to have normal body mass index (≥18.5kg/m2). In general, dietary diversity and nutritional status of the tribal youth in the present study is not at the satisfactory level. The primary source of their consumed food is local foods. Tribal people preserve the knowledge of traditional food resources that exist within their area of residence and they mostly procure foods by harvesting or collecting through gathering, hunting procedure based on their traditional knowledge.

Digital Trinket

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

L. MANISHA PRIYA | 

Abstract

This paper describes the use of Trinket in a digital way. Trinket worn for many reasons -- for exquisite, to impress others, or as a symbol of affiliation or commitment. Basically, Trinket embellish the body, and has very little practical purpose. However, researchers are looking to change the way we think about the beads and bobbles we wear. In the next wave of mobile computing devices, our trinket might double as our cell phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs) and GPS receivers. In the next age of computing there will be an explosion of computer parts across our bodies. It can defined as the wireless wearable computers that allow you to communicate by different ways. This paper enlightens on how various computerized Trinket (like ear-rings, bracelet, ring, necklace etc) will work with mobile embedded intelligence. ’Digital Trinket’ can help you solve problems like forgotten passwords and security badges.

Discussions about China's "Peaceful Rise" and America's "Return to Asia"

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th February 2018

Hsiung-Shen Jung | 

Abstract

The success of the reform and opening-up policy not only contributes to China's rapid economic growth but to its gradually increased national strength. Faced with the rise of China, the United States is keenly aware that its global hegemony is challenged and hence decides to return to Asia. China has no intention of striving for hegemony with the United States, emphasizes peaceful rise and seeks to establish a new type of major country relationship with the United States

Domestic issues in Ruth Prawer Jhabvala‟s “The Householder” A critical study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 7th November 2017

Khaliq amin wani  | Ruth Prawer Jhabvala

Abstract

Ruth prawer jhabvala born in cologue, Germany on May 7,1927. Her father, Marcus Prawer was Polish Jewish lawyer, and her mother Eleanora had Russian background. She and her elder brother Siebert Soloman Prawer, attended segregated Jewish schools before the family moved from Nevi Germany to England as refugees in April 1939. After the family settled in Hendon, a suburb of London, she went to Hendon country school and then to Queen Mary college, London university, where she majored in English literature and wrote a titled „ The story in England‟ for her M.A. degree, which she earned in 1951. She married on June 16,1951 and went to live in India. She had three daughters, Reena, Firoza and Ava.

Domestic issues in Ruth Prawer Jhabvala‟s “The Householder” A critical study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th November 2017

Ruth Prawer Jhabvala | 

Abstract

Ruth prawer jhabvala born in cologue, Germany on May 7,1927. Her father, Marcus Prawer was Polish Jewish lawyer, and her mother Eleanora had Russian background. She and her elder brother Siebert Soloman Prawer, attended segregated Jewish schools before the family moved from Nevi Germany to England as refugees in April 1939. After the family settled in Hendon, a suburb of London, she went to Hendon country school and then to Queen Mary college, London university, where she majored in English literature and wrote a titled „ The story in England‟ for her M.A. degree, which she earned in 1951. She married on June 16,1951 and went to live in India. She had three daughters, Reena, Firoza and Ava.

Domestic Labour Rights Belongs to Her if Domestic Labour Belongs to Her-Kind: a Situational Analysis of the Domestic Workers in West Bengal

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Ms . Ayshi Banerjee | Mr Subrata Kar

Abstract

Domestic Labour in India has not been recognised as a form of work and has neither been considered under Labour laws. The work involving care in the private sphere of home has been feminized . Thus female domestic workers face an array of problems due to non-recognition as labour.The Paper expounds on the situation of domestic workers and their condition of work in West Bengal and thus suggests why we need National and not state wise legislations for the welfare of domestic workers and that India needs to urgently ratify the 189th Convention of ILO.

Durability Grading of Steel Bridge Facilities Considering the Degradation of Steel and Coating

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th October 2018

Hyun-Seop Shin | Joon-Seok Park,Kyu-San Jung,Ki-Tae Park

Abstract

--Steel bridges are extremely vulnerable to corrosion that needs continuous and proper maintenance. In order to achieve efficient and economic maintenance, the execution of rational condition evaluation as well as repair and strengthening should be addressed in terms of safety and durability to prevent the occurrence of serious structural defect. The present study proposes a methodology that evaluates quantitatively the condition of coated steel using a degradation model and, based on the so-obtained results, evaluates quantitatively the durable performance of the steel bridge facilities by means of durability grades. Considering that the factors causing the degradation of coated steel are the rust of steel itself or the flaking, checking, blistering or chalking of the coating, the degradation model is derived from the relationship between the service life and the total degradation score obtained from the condition evaluation related to each of these factors. In addition, criteria for the grade classification assessing the durability grade of coated steel are derived based upon the degradation model.

Dynamic Time Warping Music Pattern Detection

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Ms. Snehal Kshirsagar | Prof. M.N. Annadate

Abstract

Music conduct by a group requires a conductor to play the music. These conductors perform various music patterns in front of band and depend on this pattern band play the music. The pattern or gesture perform by the conductor are require to be more precise and accurate to play the correct musical node. Because of this a conductor has to practice more and more to draw correct pattern. There is always requiring a teacher or a senior music moderator to judge wrong and right pattern drawn by beginner conductor. It is not always possible to observe each and every student whether they drawn correct or wrong pattern. To overcome this problem we proposed a new technique called Dynamic Time Warping for musical pattern detection. We have implemented this concept on basic three pattern detection. In this method we have used a camera to detect the hand movement and then apply DTW algorithm to detect the correct pattern drawn by the beginner conductor.

Dynamics of Ideation, Creativity and Innovation For Entrepreneurship -- A Case Study of A Multinational Company

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd September 2017

Dr K.Sunanda | G. Sreedhar Kanth

Abstract

Ideation is the hub of innovation. In this century , the context of business has changed considerably because of globalization, Privatization, and liberalization. Business has become a global village with immense diversity of all nature. This has made ideation process very culture-bound locally , but with extensive global connectivity. Ideation and creativity are the germinating activities for any innovation system. Innovations are rapid and as fast as they change the corporate landscape. Ideation can be defined as the thought process involved in apprehending and expressing a new concept. Creativity on the other hand , is the outcome of the cognitive process of ideation undertaken by individuals and organizations. This paper explains ideation, creativity and innovation methods and process with different models. It helps to understand ideation and creativity process with the case studies of some of the multinational companies. This gives the entrepreneurs to understand the process and develop their business.

Dynamics of Ideation, Creativity and Innovation For Entrepreneurship -- A Case Study of A Multinational Company

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd September 2017

M. R. Namitha | V. Ravikumar

Abstract

In this study, the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity (K) of sandy loam soil was determined through inverse modelling. The transient unsaturated water flow was simulated by numerically solving the Richards equation with the finite element code of Hydrus-1D. The cumulative infiltration flux across a boundary at different time was used as the input variable to optimise the soil hydraulic parameters. The inverse method generally uses a weighted least-squares approach in which numerically simulated data are fitted to the measured data. van Genuchten hydraulic model was chosen for the determination of unsaturated hydraulic conductivity. The soil hydraulic parameters viz. residual water content (θr), saturated water content (θs), inverse of air entry value (α), water retention parameter (n), and saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) were optimised in successive iterations. The optimised parameter values were fitted in the van Genuchten model for obtaining the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity of the proposed soil.

E – Revolution in Agriculture & Rural Economy

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th November 2017

Anushika tiwari | 

Abstract

E-Governance in India: Opportunities and Challenges

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Ramdev.K.S | Sreesha.P

Abstract

Recognizing the increasing importance of Information and Communication technology (ICT), the Government of India established the department of IT. E-governance is introduced to focus on information and communication. It will help to manage the government structure and to achieve the rapid economic growth and improved quality of life. The different technologies and methods used in e-governance will helps to give a better idea for efficient delivery of services. A countries growth can be determined by the efficiency of e-governance. An economy is giving more importance for e-governance because it provide transparency to the government activities, saving of time due to provision of services through single window; reduction in corruption, convenience and empowerment. This research paper focuses on the usefulness of e-governance for the government businesses and citizen of India. Every project will have its own benefits and this research will find the different sectors enjoying the benefits of e-governance and presenting the list of E-Governance projects which is currently being used in India.

E-Learning Technologies in English Language Teaching At Tribal Area

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th March 2018

Dr.Rajani S.Patil | 

Abstract

Today, E-Learning technology has become a very popular tool in the teaching-learning process. It is the need of the modern educational system. Actually, E-learning is important in almost each and every field. It stimulates and makes learning –teaching process very interesting. Language teaching and mainly English language teaching is one such a field where E-learning technology has widely used all over the world. Most of the teachers even in tribal and semi-tribal areas use different techniques like a movie screening, the movie – clippings, ICT, apps, dialogues, advertisements, commentaries, Youtube lectures, dramatics and much more.It creates a healthy and interesting atmosphere in the classroom than the old Traditional Teaching Methods. In this paper, the researchers try to share the effects of E-learning technology in teaching English language to tribal area students of Surgana taluka from Maharastra state. The study conducted with forty undergraduate students from Arts faculty. The results revealed that E-learning could enhance student’s language proficiency and it is also proved that it is helpful in teaching process in the tribal area. If teachers introduce learners good learning materials and educational websites and teach them how to use them effectively, the students could improve their language by themselves

E-Learning: An Examination of History and Recent Literature

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th October 2017

Archana Potsangbam | Kennedy Andrew Thomas, V. Sethuramalingam, S. Rama Gokula Krishnan

Abstract

In recent years, electronic learning or e-learning has gained wide acceptance. However, very little is known about its history and journey into its current form. The aim of this paper is to introduce the reader to the concept of e-learning, highlight what is known about its history, and examine previous studies on e-learning. At the end of the paper, the researchers have identified the existing research gap on the subject matter and have provided appropriate suggestions for future research as well..

Economic aspects of Croatian emigration

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 30th October 2017

Fran Galetic | Lorena Skuflic, Tomislav Herceg

Abstract

Migrations are currently one of the most relevant topics in European economics, because they affect all European countries. Migration can be regarded as emigration or immigration, and in this paper we focus on emigration. Emigration has always been a problem for Croatian society, but in last decade it has grown rapidly. The entry in the European Union has made emigration from Croatia even more simple and popular, as many persons, mostly young and active population, move to another country of the EU with the hope of finding better life conditions, primarily regarding the employment. This is connected to conditions on the labor market in Croatia, and the high rate of unemployment. In this paper we analyze Croatian emigration from the economic aspect, and we try to detect the correlation between emigration and economic variables, such as unemployment. A special focus is on the unemployment of youth. We also present the trend model for number of persons emigrating from Croatia, and based on the estimated model, we predict future values.

Economic Performance and Management of Processed Products by Dehydration Process in Pune District of Maharashtra

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Prachi R. Wagh | Neha A. Godase

Abstract

Agro-processing is now regarded as the sunrise sector of the Indian economy in view of its large potential for growth and likely socio economic impact specifically on employment and income generation. Some estimates suggest that in developed countries, up to 14 per cent of the total work force is engaged in agro-processing sector directly or indirectly. People generally prefer fresh fruits and vegetables in India due to abundance of seasonal fruits throughout the year available at low price. Also there are a lot of opportunities for value addition and employment generation in agribusiness sector

Economic Reforms and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th June 2018

Richa Sharma | 

Abstract

Micro, Small & Medium enterprises (MSMEs) have played a crucial role in the overall economic development of every developing economy in the world. In India, MSMEs have helped in creating a favorable environment of growth by serving as ancillary units to large scale industries. They not only create huge employment opportunities for the public but also address other challenges faced by the economy like poverty and removing regional imbalances. Keeping in view the crucial role of MSMEs in our economy, the present paper is an attempt to analyze the definition of MSMEs, the role and performance of MSMEs in Indian economy and government policies towards MSMEs as well as the various challenges and opportunities associated with MSMEs in India. The study reveals that over a period of time notable growth has been shown by the MSME sector which has been a leading contributor to export, employment and Gross domestic product in India. Therefore, some sincere action plan and their proper implementation is must for the encouragement of the MSMEs in the Indian economy.

Effect of Chemical Reaction on Convective Instability in a Ferromagnetic Liquid

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th February 2018

Dr. Annamma Abraham | Sreelakshmi T K, Dr. Chethan A S, Dr. Jojy Joseph Idicula

Abstract

Convective instability in fluids arises due to thermo-mechanical interactions induced by externally applied temperature gradients. The problem of Rayleigh-Benard convection in a chemically reacting ferromagnetic fluid layer permeated by a uniform vertical magnetic field is investigated. A linear stability analysis is performed. The fluid is assumed to be undergoing zero-order exothermic reactions. The horizontal ferromagnetic fluid layer is cooled from the upper boundary while two different thermal boundary conditions are imposed at the lower boundary i.e. isothermal wall and an adiabatic wall. The resulting eigenvalue problems will be solved approximately using a single-term Galerkin method that gives the critical Rayleigh number and the associated wave number at a given Frank-Kamennetskii number. It is shown that the critical Rayleigh number decreases as the value of FK are increased. Thus, the chemical reaction in a horizontal ferrofluid layer enhances instability. This is reasonable because chemical reaction leads to non-linear temperature distribution. The onset of convection is delayed in a chemically reacting ferrofluid as compared to the case of a chemically reacting liquid. The problem has relevance in many ferromagnetic fluid applications wherein regulation of thermal convection is called for

Effect of Extraction factor on Total Phenol content and Antioxidant activity of Coffea

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th June 2018

Wansika Nimitdeelert |  Chutimon Satirapipathkul

Abstract

The objective of present work was assessing the optimization of a batch extraction process for phenolic compounds and DPPH from Robusta (Chumphon, Southern of Thailand), Arabica (Doi Chaang northern of Thailand) type of different geographical original and coffee black bean. The effects of extraction solvent concentration and ratio of solvent to solid during extraction process on phenolic compound and antioxidant activity were investigated. The suitable condition for batch extraction were 60% (v/v) by using ethanol as solvent, solvent to solid ratio of 20: 1 (ml/g) during 90 min was the most suitable condition to produce an extract with high content of phenolic compound of green coffee Robusta, Arabica and defect (33.25, 28.12 and 26.17 mg Gallic equivalents/g ) and high antioxidant activity of green coffee Robusta, green coffee Arabica and green coffee defect (2- diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) of 28.62, 24.67 and 24.82 mg/ml) The extraction results indicated that antioxidant power was highly correlated to the content of phenolic compounds.

Effect of Ginger on Haematological Parameters in Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th April 2018

H. Al-Khalifa | A. Al-Nasser, G. Ragheb

Abstract

The effect of feeding increasing levels of ginger powder on the haematological parameters of broilers was investigated. A total of 340 broilers were fed 1 of 4 corn-soybean basal diets that contained 0, 5, 10, or 15 g/kg of ginger powder until slaughter. At slaughter, samples of blood were collected from five chickens per treatment. Haematological analysis of the blood was conducted using Cell-Dyn 3500 Hematology System. Growth rate, feed efficiency, feed consumption, and mortality were measured and monitored. All broilers appeared healthy and no significant mortality occurred. The overall growth of birds was not adversely affected by the addition of ginger. Body weight gain of birds supplemented with ginger was significantly different than that of control birds during weeks 1 and 3. At week1, body weight gain was significant higher when ginger was supplemented at 5 and 10 g/kg than the control, which was similar when ginger was supplemented at 15 g/kg (P = 0.027). At week 3, body weight gain was significantly higher in the ginger-supplemented groups at all levels than the control group (P< 0.001). No significant difference was observed between the dietary groups at week 5. There was no significant difference across the treatment means in terms of feed consumption at weeks 1 and 5. Feed consumption was significantly higher for all the ginger-supplemented groups than the control group at week 3. The inclusion of ginger in broiler diets did not affect the haematological parameters of the chickens. However, there was a significant increase in the total white blood cells (WBC) as the ginger level increased in the diet. The WBC percentage was 47.9 for the control group and 79.6, 75.3, and 74.2 when ginger was added at 5, 10 and 15 g/kg, respectively (p< 0.001). Neutrophils percentage was 13.1, 24.6, 29.3, and 32.6 for broilers fed with ginger at 0, 5, 10, and 15 g/kg, respectively. Mortality was not affected by ginger inclusion. In conclusion, ginger inclusion did not adversely affect the palatability of the diet and did not cause anaemia for the broilers. It may enhance the growth rate of the broiler chickens.

Effect of homoeopathic drugs to control growth & aflatoxin G1 production by Aspergillus parasiticus

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th June 2018

Dr.Shabnam Bee | 

Abstract

Effect of three homoeopathic drugs each in six potencies were tested against mycelia growth and aflatoxin G1 production of Aspergillus parasitics preventives treatment such a Coffea cruda 6,12,1M, Thuja occidentalis 3,6,12,200,and 1M appeared as most effective on aflatoxin G1 production ,mycelium growth and aflatoxin G1 production could be dealth with quite successfully by the homoeodrugs

Effect of Marine Lipids on Innate Immunity, Represented by NK Cell Activity

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th April 2018

H. Al-Khalaifah | 

Abstract

The objective of the current experiment was to study the effect of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), present in marine algae, on an innate immune response, represented by NK cell activity. One day old Cobb 500 broiler chickens (n=17) were fed on DHA algal biomass-enriched diet until 35 d of age. At slaughter, samples of blood were collected. Natural killer (NK) cell activity was analyzed. It was higher in blood samples of birds fed algal biomass than the control group. This suggests that algal biomass-rich diet may be used to enhance the innate immunity, represented by the NK cell activity.

Effect of Pattern Materials on Marginal Gap of Cast Copings Fabricated on Titanium Implant Abutment: An In-Vitro Study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 28th February 2018

Rajat R Khajuria | Rishav Singh, Sidhant Sudan

Abstract

Introduction: Margin placement is an essential requirement in any fixed restoration as it limits the boundary of the restoration and seals the implant abutment junction for entry of any debris or saliva, thus failing the restoration.2 The marginal fit of the cast restorations is essential for proper functioning, esthetics and success in the oral cavity. The aim of the study is to compare the effect of pattern materials on the marginal gap of cast copings fabricated on titanium implant abutment. Null hypothesis state no difference in pattern materials when tested for marginal fit over implant abutment. Materials& method: Two pattern materials: Inlay wax and Margin wax were used in the present study. And patterns were prepared on titanium Implant model with implants placed at premolar region and at the molar position. Two grooves one at 900 and other at 1800 were made and 20 samples of inlay wax patterns and 20 samples of margin wax patterns were made which were further divided into two subgroups of 10 each of premolar region and molar region respectively Two stage burnout was carried out and casting was done using nickel-chromium alloy. Two points marked at 900 and 1800 were checked at margin level with the help of stereomicroscope and the vertical marginal gap was evaluated. The marginal gap was calculated at 2 points i.e. 900 and 1800. The distance of the line from groove to the outermost margin was calculated at the master die and on all the samples and their differences were recorded. Results: The data collected from all the samples were analyzed using ANOVA and post hoc tests. In intergroup comparison between both the groups, Group 1 recorded more marginal gap (25.40 ± 0.52 μm) than group 2 (19.99 ± 0.39 μm). In intragroup comparisons between the subgroups, group B (24.13 ± 0.17 μm) recorded more marginal gaps than group A (21.26 ± 0.41 μm). The f value for all the subgroups was calculated as 87.2899 which was significant at p<0.05. Conclusion: Among the materials tested, patterns made of Margin wax proved to have more marginal fit than Patterns made of inlay wax.

Effect of pectinase enzyme on physicochemical properties of guava juice and process standardization for Guava Syrup

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th October 2017

Prof. P. D. Shere | Dr. D. M. Shere

Abstract

Efforts were made in present investigation to utilize guava pulp to prepare guava juice using pectinase enzyme. The process was standardized for enzyme concentration, incubation period and optimum temperature based on juice yield, clarify and chemical composition of clarified guava juice. Addition of pectinase enzyme at 0.75% level to guava pulp and incubating the pulp enzyme mixture at 7.5 hr at 450C was found to be superior to other treatments. The clarified juice obtained was higher in TSS, acidity and ascorbic acid as compared to control. The juice obtained was standardized for preparation of guava syrup. Results revealed that good quality guava syrup can be prepared by maintaining juice: sugar ratio of 1:0.75 and acidity at 0.8 %.

Effect of Poor Pavememnt Condition on Students Academic Activities

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Tiza Michael | Anand Kumar,Avinash Kumar Patel

Abstract

This research aims to point out how academic activities of students are affected as a result of poor pavement condition, it seeks to understand how their daily academic activities are influenced by poor road network, their semester and overall academic performance was investigated. The method employed was through development of questionnaires and distributing among University undergraduates who usually travel on a very poor road condition to and fro University for their academic activities. The result shows that the specific academic performance of students due to poor road condition is significantly affected and the general academic activities of students is affected by poor pavement condition

Effect of TSS and temperature on the density of Gongura leaves puree.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th February 2018

Jagamohan Meher | Amit Keshav, Bidyut Mazumdar, Alok Sharma

Abstract

The effect of temperature and TSS on the density of Gongura leaves purees are reported. The densities of the gongura puree were determined at TSS (1.6-5.60brix) and temperatures of between 10 and 600C with 100C increments. The density of Gongura puree was strongly affected by TSS, while it was relatively less affected by temperature. Different mathematical models are trying to fit the results obtained as a function of temperature and density with varying TSS but linear model fitted best with R2 >0.97.

Effect of Ultrasonic stress in Semiconductor Materials and Devices

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Awadhesh Prasad | 

Abstract

Effect of Ultrasonic Stress in solid state devices and materials have been discussed with the help of electromagnetic wave theory. Ultrasonic stress (radiation pressure) changes the characteristics of solid state devices and materials. Analytical treatment of changed characteristics of solid state devices and materials have been discussed.

Effect Size Reduction on Parameters Affecting Anaerobic Biodegradability in High Organic Biomass

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd August 2018

B.Vignesh |  J.Rajesh Banu,R.Yukesh Kannah,S.Adish Kumar

Abstract

Bio-energy seems to be the most probable solution to the replace conventional energy to save our natural resources and our environment. In India, many water bodies have been damaged because of the excessive growth of aquatic weed. Aquatic waste mainly affects the water bodies, results in discoloration and leads to environmental problem such as eutrophication and creates an unpleasant odor. The Aquatic plants are considered to be a fast growing aquatic weed. These aquatic weeds require special adaptation to living habitat either submerged in water (or) at the water surface. The aim of present study is to size distribution curve graded in the form of the high organic biomass from unavoidable aquatic weed and this action impacts on disposal issue. Pretreatment of Aquatic waste is an essential tool to enhance the particle size reduction. At 6000 rpm the obtained values of SCOD, Protein, Carbohydrate released 3100, 0.673, 1.026 at optimal pretreatment time of 10 min. The effect of particle size reduction pretreatment will be carried from 6000 to 8000 rpm respectively. Therefore, based on the result, it could be concluded 6000 rpm was considered as optimal for the cumulative percentage finer (10-30%) than the sieve size (0.425mm).The results suggest that small particle size favours methane yield.

Effects of Native Film on Lithium for Interfacial Reactions between Lithium Metal and an Electrolyte Solution

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Mun-Hui Jo | Jihoon Kang, Soon-Ki Jeong

Abstract

This study examines the morphological changes for a lithium surface immersed in 1 mol dm3 LiPF6 dissolved in propylene carbonate containing 1,2-dimethoxyethane as a co-solvent. A passivation film was formed on the surface of the lithium metal by electrolyte decomposition. Atomic force microscopy and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy results revealed that there were no direct correlations between the changes in the surface morphology of the lithium metal, and the resistance behavior of its passivation film.

Effects of Radiation on MHD Flow Past an Impulsively Started

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th October 2017

B. Prabhakar Reddy | Jefta Sunzu

Abstract

In this paper, we have investigated the effects of radiation on unsteady magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) fluid flow past an impulsively started infinite isothermal vertical plate taking into account viscous dissipation. The fluid is considered a gray, absorbing-emitting radiation but non-scattering medium. The dimensionless boundary layer equations of the flow are solved subject to boundary conditions using the Ritz FEM. The obtained numerical results for velocity and skin-friction are presented through the graphs and tables. It has been found that an increase in the radiation parameter decreases the fluid velocity and with increasing Eckert number and Grashof number increases the fluid velocity. The skin-friction increases with increase in the radiation parameter and decreases with increase in the Grashof number and time parameter.

Electric Power : Conservation and Generation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Garima Goswami | Jaivardhan Singh Shekhawat,Himanshu Tiwari,Hitesh Tak Himanshu Sharma

Abstract

World over one basic predicamentis power generation and power conservation is next important concern. Alternate renewable energy sources are continuously explored by scientists. In the recent past, thousands of builders and professionals have been incorporating an increasing number of technologies on building and within the interiors of new and existing structures. In this paper a system or technique is proposed to work on the air cooling system in huge buildings, which is not only helping to drop down its temperature but also bestowed upon electricity generation. This is not all; this system also helps in controlling the release of greenhouse gases in environment, thus doing a significant job for mankind survival on this globe.

Electro spun PLGA-PVA nano fibrous scaffolds: promising carriers for Curcumin

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 7th November 2017

P.Jhansi Lakshmi, | S.Sundar Manoharan, Pravin walke

Abstract

Curcumin is a naturally occurring gist with innate antimicrobial and wound healing properties. Owing to its manifold mechanism of actions, curcumin is apt at the present time existing antibiotics to first-rate for unwilling bacteria. Curcumin’s pitiable aqueous solubility and speedy degradation contour hinder its usage; nano enabled drug delivery system over comes this snare and facilitates unmitigated topical deliverance of Curcumin. The current cram is paying attention on the development of PLGA-PVA nano fibers loaded with Curcumin (Cur) by electro spinning technique. PLGA and PVA were blended in the ratios of 75:25, 65:35 and 50:50 correspondingly, for the fabrication of scaffold. Curcumin was weighed down with the sample containing equal amounts of PLGA and PVA. Process optimization was carried out by standardizing the Viscosity, Molecular weight of the polymer, Voltage, temperature, tip-collector distance, Solution flow rate for fiber formation. The alteration in fiber dimension and morphology of the electro spun nano fibers was obtained by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). In vitro release properties of the prepared scaffolds were observed by simulated fluid conditions of pH 7.4, 37°C incubation in rotary shaker incubator. The release profile from the drug loaded fibers showed varied release profiles with respect to their Lactidyl:Glycodyl ratio variations, which confirms the dissolution of the drug in the polymer fractions. On the whole, we hypothesize the suitable carrier material for Curcumin

Enabling Storage Auditing In Cloud of Key Updates from Verifiable Outsource

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th April 2018

Arjumand Fatima | S. D. Pingle

Abstract

Key-introduction resistances have reliably an essential issue in various security applications. Recently the key exposure problem is proposed. The solution of key exposure problem is that client has to update his key in every time which is a new burden to the client. In our drawing, at the time of file uploading, knowledge owner can transfer a file in the cloud and Proxy server TPA simply has to hold a client's mystery answer whereas doing while doing all these burdensome tasks on behalf of the client. The client simply has to transfer the encoded mystery answer from the TPA whereas transferring new documents to the cloud to boot, our configuration likewise enhances the client with the capability to encourage settle for the legitimacy of the encoded mystery keys gave by the TPA. If TPA detects some corrupted files then it gets over the proxy server to examining system through key presentation resistance as easy as possible. The main objective of this paper is to make key transparent by updating keys, the key is updated by giving the time validity, and the validity is provided using the time server.

Energy-Efficient MAC Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th April 2018

S. S. Ponde | Dr. S.S. Lomte

Abstract

Due to advancement in the technology, Wireless sensor networks proves to be most promising technology for many application areas where the continuous real-time monitoring and sensing of various process parameters are the key objectives. But the low energy poses a great design challenge for WSN. Many energy-efficient solutions have been proposed by the researchers. Energy-efficient medium access control protocol is one of the solutions. This paper studies different MAC protocols such as TDMA, BMA and S-MAC. We analyze the energy models of these protocols and their performance of energy consumption is simulated with an NS-2 network simulator.

Enhanced Lung Cancer Detection Using OpenCV

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2018

M. Ragini | K.Sowmya

Abstract

The proposed tool is to recognize the lung cancer using an interdisciplinary approach in light of the photo getting ready and machine learning by Computer Aided Detection. For division Modified Fuzzy Possibilistic C Means is used where concerning de-noising the restorative pictures Gabor channel is used. After division incorporate extraction and assurance is done. This system is created using SVM estimation which recognize commitment as lung CT(Computed Tomography) pictures and perceives the dangerous cells sufficiently

Ensemble Learning as Opinion Mining Approach: A Survey

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th April 2018

Padmapani P. Tribhuvan | Sunil G. Bhirud, Ratnadeep R. Deshmukh

Abstract

User-generated data on the web has many research challenges and thus has attracted many researchers. As result, many new disciplines are evolved and opinion mining is one of them. Opinion mining deals with reviews expressed on the web. Opinion mining analyses views, sentiments, opinions, attitudes and emotions expressed in reviews. There are different approaches to solve the problem of opinion mining. Ensemble learning is one of the paradigms of machine learning in which multiple learners are used to solving the same problem. It has been used in different types of application efficiently and effectively. In the discipline of opinion mining, different ensembles are proposed by researchers. This survey focuses on opinion mining using ensemble learning approach. We discussed different ensembles used to solve problem of opinion mining.

Entity-Centric Multimodal Aspect-Opinion Mining in Social Media Using Named Entity Recognition

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th April 2018

Nasrin Shah | S. N. Gite

Abstract

This article describes the guidelines we use to analyze our opinions, including comments on text and multimedia (images) and the perception of entities and events. Identification is a subset of confidence analysis, which consists of specifying a comment in a comment, such as a specific review of a product or service, a reviewer, a compliment, or a complaint. We use POS tagging to tag individual words in non-verbal or non-verbal terms. We also developed a set of linguistic forms for the same purposes and integrated them into the classifier. The traditional approach we take is a rule-based approach, which we consider subset, taking into account problems that exist in the social colony, such as noisy syntax or misspellings, oaths, or patterns. Other words of scepticism, and so on. The multimedia content analysis makes this work perfect for solving ambiguity issues and providing other contextual information. The main task for this: First, the combination of new tools to extract information from text and multimedia; Secondly, the adaptation of the NLP tool for exploring specific information to solve the problem. The classifier combination with the embedded word model for confidence analysis helps our approach to better accuracy than modern methods.

Entrepreneurship Development in Indian Scenario

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th October 2017

Dr. Shivani Katakwar | 

Abstract

Entrepreneurship is vital for economic growth and employment in all societies of the developing countries. In developing country like India, where successful small businesses are the primary engines of job creation and poverty reduction, Entrepreneurship plays an important role. Entrepreneurship has great importance in various economic systems and it prevails in all economic systems in one form or the other. ENTREPRENEURSHIP is the key word to Innovation, Creativity and Motivation. An entrepreneur is a rare person who can visualize and materialize water in the dessert. This paper provides an overview of entrepreneurship development, entrepreneurial qualities, opportunities and challenges faced by an entrepreneur.

Environment –for The Servival of Human Paternity

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th July 2017

Prof. Manjunatha K N | Prof. Manjula S,Pavan Kumar M,Dhananjaya Reddy,Sandeep M

Abstract

In this paper we are discussing about the environment completely. Here our aim is better than later to know mistakes and correcting it. As we are in critical state to survive on earth. Also we will come to know how men utilizing the environment. The evils created by the human paternity in earth: pollution, increasing temperature, deforestation, chemicalizing both soil and water. Polluting air as well sunrays. We will discuss here about the effects of all this problems created by the human, like dangerously facing health problems, unbalancing environment, disappearing of many species, both in case of animals as well in plants and finally how earth has becoming place which will become unfit to live. Here we are not just identifying the problems or mistakes of human. Our main aim is to solve the problem making the environment friendly to human. For that men how they have to change themselves are going to discuss like non-utilization of plastic, proper utilization of natural resources, a forestation, stoppage of chemicals in agriculture, minimization pollution.

Estimation of carbon stock and aboveground biomass mapping in Mayang Hill and Barduar Reserve Forests, Assam, India using Landsat data

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th January 2018

Tanvi Hussain | Rashmi Hazarika, Dr. Sarbeswar Kalita

Abstract

Barduar and Mayang Hill Reserve Forest are located in the outer hilly ranges of Khasi Hills are covered with tropical moist deciduous forest. Forest ecosystem contains more carbon per unit area than any other land type. The estimation of above- ground biomass is an essential aspect of carbon stock study. The Aboveground biomass (AGB) governs the potential carbon emission that could be released to the atmosphere due to deforestation and change of regional AGB is associated with changes in carbon and ecosystem. A field survey on this forest using 30 sample points of 30m x 30m dimension was carried out to with the aim to estimate the AGB of the woody trees of the two forests in 2015 and 2017 and to estimate the carbon stock present from 2015 to 2017. Landsat images were used to delineate the different canopy cover in the forest and extrapolation of AGB was done in different canopy cover using remote sensing techniques.

Evaluation of Pollutants and Determination of Contaminants in the Bellandur Lake, Bengaluru

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th June 2018

Chethana Jane | Pooja L. Amin,Ananya S

Abstract

Environment comprises of living things and non living things such as air, water and land. The destruction of the ecosystem is now a major concern. A steadily increasing population has left India at a critical point and thus the country is facing a massive scarcity in potable water and other necessities. The country has lost about 38% of its wetlands in the past decade. The lakes in the city of Bengaluru were mostly irrigation tanks with high bunds built in the 16th century. Rapid growth of population and urbanization in the city has led to the deterioration of the lakes. Bellandur Lake being a fine example has fallen victim to untreated sewage waste and has been severely neglected in the past years with no systematic environmental study. Hence a study of its characteristics, effects of pollutants and capacity must be undertaken as well as a design plan for restoration is essential.

Eve Teasing: Safety Drives Crucial Element To Fight Back

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Priyanka Maravi | 

Abstract

Our society has grown by leaps and bounds; yet, a woman still struggles to protect her dignity, even in broad daylight. Eve teasing is a street level sexual harassment which includes unwelcome verbal, nonverbal and physically determined sexual behaviour by a man towards a woman. Actions like touching, rubbing, staring, pinching, making obscene gestures and remarks to a woman falls under the umbrella of eve teasing. Though it may seem as an innocent and harmless act, it often leaves the victim with fear, anxiety, shame and embarrassment questioning her own actions and her expressions of identity. In spite of the various measures taken to put an end to this heinous practice, it still continues to be witnessed in every nook and corner of our society. The current study conducted on 30 girls is an attempt to enquire whether the safety drives / campaigns by the government are an effective measure in fighting eve teasing from the society.

Evolution and changing contours of Translation Studies in Tamil Literature

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

Srinivas A | 

Abstract

Translation studies as an inter-discipline have grown rapidly in the past fifty years considerably. This paper analyses some of the notions that it put forth on the world literary arena, within the space of a regional literature. Also finds and discusses the relations and problems it encounters on a multi-disciplinary level correspondingly with modern Tamil literature. It draws an example from contemporary literature to illustrate what could be the interferences in such a proceeding.

Evolution of Education: Towards Sensory Emotive Web

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

J. Rawoofu Nisha | 

Abstract

Achieving a balance between the development of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and teaching competences has become essential. The rapid evolution of the Web has presented universities with the challenge of preparing today’s academic staff for the ICT of the future. This article compares the developments of the Internet and the Web with those of education. The web influences people's way of thinking, doing and being, and people influence the development and content of the web. The evolution of the web from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0, web 3.0, web 4.0 and now to Web 5.0 can be used as a metaphor of how education should also be evolving, as a movement from Education 1.0 towards that of Education 5.0. The Web, Internet, Social Media, and the evolving, emerging technologies have created a perfect storm or convergence of resources, tools, open and free information access. The result is not only a change in what individuals learn but how, why, and where they learn. Taking this one step further, or from another angle, moving from Education 1.0 to Education 5.0 can be likened to moving from Pedagogy/ Essentialism/ Instructivism through Andragogy/ Constructivism towards Heutagogy/ Connectivism tends to Peeragogy and Cybergogy. Education 1.0 is like the first generation of the Web, a largely one-way process. Education 2.0 includes more interaction between the teacher and student; student to student; and student to content/expert. Education 3.0 is a connectivist, heutagogical approach to teaching and learning. Education 4.0 establishes a blueprint for the future of learning – lifelong learning – from childhood schooling, to continuous learning in the workplace, to learning to play a better role in society. Education 5.0 could be understood as a critical examination of the use of technology and networked systems. It is time to consider a change of perspectives towards a stronger emphasis on personality development, basic values, empowerment, democracy and collective responsibility

Evolution Of Juvenile Laws In India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 26th October 2017

Megha Mittal | 

Abstract

The paper aims to throw light on the advent and evolution of juvenile laws and its present scenario. Juveniles are considered to be the dominant part of the society and thus they need care and protection. Society and law goes hand in hand. The paper attempts to analyze timeline that lead to the formulation of juvenile laws. To cater the juvenile, constitutional philosophy and international parameters, the rational evolution is attempted. The paper highlights prime cases which bought a huge change in the laws of the juvenile. The series of events which led to the codification of juvenile laws has also been elaborated further. It enumerates the present scenario and the changes which led to the final enactment.

Examining the Adoption of Smart City Platforms In the Presence of Privacy Concerns

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th January 2018

Neha Chaudhuri | Indranil Bose

Abstract

Smart cities have been gaining prominence worldwide as a data-driven medium for urban renewal and overhaul. Rapid technological innovations, social wants, strive for effective governance and the exploding urban population in traditional cities are the primary driving forces contributing to this buzz. Though smart cities had been conceptualized to expand sustained urban yield, the accumulation and processing of large amounts of data streams are raising security and privacy concerns for both individuals as well as societal levels. Significant efforts are being undertaken to safeguard inhabitants’ data from possible security and privacy breaches. However, there continues to exist a lack of formal understanding of privacy concerns and the factors affecting these concerns from the perspective of a citizen. Additionally, the possibility that these privacy concerns of citizens might also impact their adoption behavior (i.e., intention to inhabit in a smart city) has not been studied yet. This paper aims to identify the significant factors that might affect privacy concerns of an individual citizen; and combines them to derive a framework examining their privacy concerns that affect their adoption behavior.

Existentialism: A Philosophical study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 26th September 2018

Kamna singh | Dr.jagdish singh somvanshi

Abstract

This paper throws light on the philosophical doctrine of existentialism along with its prominent thinkers. An effort has been made here to present a comparative study of "existentialism" . It is a 20th century philosophy, which lays stress on the subjectivity and individuality of human existence. Søren Kierkegaard, generally regarded as "the father of modern existentialism" is the first European philosopher,who coined and used the term "Existentialism". He emphasized that "subjectivity is truth,subjectivity is reality". After him so many thinkers like Karl Jasper,Martin Heidegger,Jean Paul Sartre ,etc, explored this idea with their own views. They enlightened the world of & quot; Existentialism " with their philosophical views.

Existing & Novel Methods of Water Harvesting

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Preenon Bagchi | Ajit Kar

Abstract

Through ground water utilization has substantially enhanced domestic utility and crop productivity – due to widespread over exploitation, underground water level is going down day by day at an alarming rate in most parts of India especially in Karnataka & Tamil Nadu. Further, the two main sources of irrigation in India are cannels and groundwater – both sources are also facing extreme downward trend. To combat such alarming situation, the urgent need is to explore novel methods of water harvesting especially through rain water harvesting which has been highlighted in the present study.

Experimental Investigation of Performance Characteristics on a Single Cylinder C.I Engine Fuelled With Simarouba Glauca as Bio Diesel

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ghadge S.S | Manojkumar.N.U,Naik.K.S,Hiremath S.M,Hadagali.B.B

Abstract

In the recent years there has been a drastic increase in the automobile production all over the world as a result of increasing dependence on transportation mediums. Whatever might be the medium of transportation, it all needs energy and most of them depend on the petroleum products as fuels. Technically speaking Alternative fuel is nothing but any material other than fossil fuels, coal and its by-products or anything from earth crust that could be used as a fuel to power a vehicle. Bio-diesel can be extracted from different raw materials like vegetable oil, biomass, algae, milk scum etc. In which Simarouba glauca is one the promissing among them. This is being considered as they are cheap, renewable and are less polluting..

Experimental Investigations on Flowable Fly ash Bricks

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

V. Revathi | K.Sriramgopal

Abstract

This paper presents an experimental study on flowable fly ash bricks. In this study, an attempt has been made to examine the feasibility of adopting flowable slurry concept in bricks production. The flowable fly ash bricks produced from fly ash, cement and crushed sand. The essential properties such as compressive strength, water absorption, density and efflorescence of flowable fly ash bricks were determined. Further, compressive strength and flexural bond of flowable fly ash brick masonry prism are evaluated. The test results reveal that flowable fly ash brick fulfilled the requirements of bricks.

Experimental Study of Esterification of Carboxylic Acid with different alcohol using various Catalysts

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th February 2018

Amit Keshav | A.K.Poonia, Nishant Joshi

Abstract

Esterification of carboxylic acids (acrylic acid, acetic, propionic, butyric) with different alcohols (ethanol, methanol and propanol ) catalyzed by hydrochloric acid has been carried out in a stirred batch reactor under atmospheric pressure. Effect of different catalysts was also studied in the present work. A comparison between homogeneous catalyst (HCL and Hydrogen iodide) and heterogeneous (Dowex) has been carried out. It is observed that HCL catalyzes esterification reaction rapidly followed by Hydrogen iodide and Dowex. The maximum conversion of 45.7% of acrylic acid is observed at 420 mins under operating conditions as the molar ratio of reactants = 1, reaction temperature = 333.15K.

Exploration of Reviews in Dealing with Academics’ Stress

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

T.Sutha | Dr. G.Paulraj

Abstract

Existence of difference between actual and expected ones amounts to individuals’ stress besides the excessive work load. Indeed, it is a psychological reaction for any threats relating to loss of job or even a life. Stress is unavoidable due to increased workload and complexities in daily life. Now-a-days the world is said to be world of achievement is a world of stress. Everyone is sailing with stress whether it is in family, friends, business, institute or society. In short, it presents at every stages of life cycle. Again all the professions invariability bear some sort of stress. Teaching is one of the stressful professions where one to balance trio students, management and family. Educational institutions attract more number of female teachers which they feel easy to manage them and their committed responsibility. For the teachers, stress occurs in a wide range of work circumstances but it often made worse when employees feel they have little support from their superiors and colleagues and where they can cope with its demands and pressure. A major reason behind their stress is heavy workload, much pressure to achieve target, job insecurity, poor and negative attitude of the students, and dealing with difficult ones. This paper aims to identify the factors responsible for female academics’ stress and extent to which they can successfully manage it by adopting various strategies and methods.

Extension of SVM for Multi-Class Classification

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th April 2018

Rupali A. Mangrule | Dr. R. A. Khan

Abstract

The support vector machine (SVM) is a well-known algorithm for binary classification problems. SVM was originally developed to classify only two classes. In the real world, most of the applications involve multiclass classification e.g. plant disease detection, face detection, plant classification etc. Binary SVM can be extended in different ways for multi-class classification problems. This paper provides a survey of different multi-class approaches like One vs. one, one vs. rest, Directed Acyclic Graph(DAG) and Error Corrected Output Coding(ECOC). The paper also presents how Multi SVM is effectively used to early detect and classify the plant diseases based on plant leaf symptoms. The early detection of plant disease ultimately effects on crop production which is the major factor of the Indian economy

Feature Extraction Methods of Iris Recognition

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th April 2018

Sarika B.Solanke | Ratnadeep R. Deshmukh

Abstract

The biometric recognition system is today’s essential need. Among the biometrics, iris has highly accurate and reliable characteristics. Iris recognition technique is used in many applications such as Aadhar card system, Airport security, access control in factories, identification for Automatic Teller Machines and restricted access to police evidence rooms.The algorithms used in iris recognition are categorized into three stages: Image Preprocessing, Feature Extraction and Template Matching.We have studied the various Iris Recognition algorithms. This paper provides a review of major feature extraction methods of iris recognition.The Image preprocessing and Feature Extraction are the essential steps for accurate accuracy. Cumulative Sums Change Analysis Method of feature extraction is more reliable than other methods. Hamming distance method is the most useful method for template matching. Various databases of iris are available that will be useful for researchers to implement the application for identification or verification

Feminine Psyche in the Novels of Anita Desai

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th November 2017

Anita Desai | 

Abstract

The scene of Indian writing in English today is marked with rare creative energy, which has been making waves in the literary world. Till the decades of the fifties and early sixties, Indian writing was more or less an imitation of the west. The highbrow, aristocratic and the writers either ignored or overlooked the middle and lower class of society, which were and are the pulsating realities of India. The reason perhaps, was insufficient exposure to the creative artists dominating the scene in those days. Moreover, the literary background of the writer was profoundly influenced by British and American literatures. Not that influence of the Western world was in any way detrimental to the growth of Indo-Anglican writing, the writer of the day could not get effectively involved with the issue the society and naked realities of life.

Feminine Psyche in the Novels of Anita Desai

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 7th November 2017

Khaliq amin wa | Anita Desai

Abstract

The scene of Indian writing in English today is marked with rare creative energy, which has been making waves in the literary world. Till the decades of the fifties and early sixties, Indian writing was more or less an imitation of the west. The highbrow, aristocratic and the writers either ignored or overlooked the middle and lower class of society, which were and are the pulsating realities of India. The reason perhaps, was insufficient exposure to the creative artists dominating the scene in those days. Moreover, the literary background of the writer was profoundly influenced by British and American literatures. Not that influence of the Western world was in any way detrimental to the growth of Indo-Anglican writing, the writer of the day could not get effectively involved

Financial Crisis Prediction using a Hybrid ANN Model

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ranjana Pagui | 

Abstract

Several economic crises have already been witnessed by the world in the past few decades. This study proposes a hybrid model combining Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and K Nearest Neighbour (KNN) models serially in predicting financial crisis. The analysis is done using dataset of the past 15 years comprising of 13 macroeconomic indicators of the country. The macroeconomic indicators are chosen based on their relevance to the economic conditions. The crucial macroeconomic indicators used in this study include consumer price index, export prices, import prices, terms of trade, foreign direct investment, government spending, producer prices, inflation rate, unemployment rate, GDP, money supply(m1), GDP/capita and industrial production. The prediction results obtained are compared separately with the results of ANN and KNN. Overall, the hybrid model possesses a higher prognostic ability and the likeliness of financial crisis in India during 2016 and 2017 is low.

Financing of Higher Education: A Special Reference to Education Loan

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2018

Anjali J M | 

Abstract

Development of higher education depends on various factors, among which finance plays a major role. Financing higher education has attracted serious attention of policy makers and educational thinkers. Alternative ways of financing higher education being explored and implemented to overcome the problem of deficit finance and cost recovery. Among them educational loan is increasingly seen as an important source of finance. It is necessry to note that education loan has become a way transferring financial burden from government to consumers of higher education.

Follicle Segmentation of Ultrasound Images by Enhancement and Sub-Image Classification

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

V. Anitha | M. Shameena Banu, S. Srilekha

Abstract

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a problem in which a womans hormones are out of balance. The cysts are not harmful but leads to hormone imbalances. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to control the symptoms and prevent long term problems. This paper presents a novel in three stage follicle detection and segmentation using Anistropic diffusion algorithm of Ultrasound images. This system has pre-processing, enhancement, morphological operations and follicle extraction. The proposed system performs a follicle region extraction, using Modified Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization [MCLAHE] transform algorithm and Weighted Median Filter Algorithm. The performance analysis is performed using confusion matrix. In this Result we focus mainly on MCLAHE based segmentation, this approach is analyzed by Confusion Matrix Performance. Our future work is package development and GUI development using MATLAB Package Tools.

Food Insecurity to Food Security: An Overview at Global Level

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Bhoite A.A | Athawale G.H

Abstract

This paper examines some important causes and challenges of the global food insecurity. The main focus is on reasons & causesof food insecurity coupled withthe measures to achieve adequate food security. The data on priority areas of contemporaryfood issues was collected and it shows the food insecurity is major issue of concern. Finally, the way forward in ensuring adequate security of food was critically analyzed.Main focus is given on the various agencies and programs which helps in creating the awareness among the people about food security and helps them to find their way in contributing towards food security

Forecasting Performance of GARCH Family Models in the Indian Commodity Markets

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Veena Dixit | Jain Mathew

Abstract

The present paper examines the forecasting ability of the GARCH family models with reference to the Indian commodity markets. The study uses four futures indices of the Multi Commodity Exchange of India (MCX) which represent the commodities across sectors such as agriculture, energy and metals. MCX also maintains a composite index MCXCOMDEX that encompasses the other futures indices MCXAGRI, MCXENERGY and MCXMETAL The symmetric GARCH model and three asymmetric EGARCH, TARCH and PARCH variants have been used to test the forecasting efficiency of these models. The mixed results indicate that any single models claim to forecasting efficiency across the four indices is not justified.

Formal Modeling of Business Processes in Requirement Engineering

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st December 2017

Manju Pandey | 

Abstract

This paper is on the lines of the self-explanatory tutorial. It illustrates the application of a formal method for modeling business processes that occur in a requirement engineering context. Two examples have been chosen for the purpose a car wash business process example and an order processing system example. The advantages of formal modeling methods have been discussed. The formal method used for the work is based on Petri nets. This paper is richly illustrated as an aid to ease understanding. The emphasis is more on the conceptual aspects.

Formation of the Trivandrum Diocese

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2018

Dr.Alex Mathew | 

Abstract

Kerala, called “The Cradle of Christianity in India” has always had the credit of having the largest number of Christians in India. Christian society existed from the commencement of the Christian era in India, especially in Kerala. Few historians of the 13th century opine that pope Innocent III deputed some Franciscans and Dominicans for the propagation of the Christian faith at Quilon, Mampally-near Anjengo and Veliathura – near the port. As a result of their evangelization a Diocese in Quilon was established in 1329 by Pope John XX11.

Formulation and Optimisation of Nutrient Rich Multigrain Gluten Free Muffins from Soybean, Rice, Flaxseed and Corn Flour

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Sravasti Sontakke | Sachin Verma, Sandip T. Gaikwad

Abstract

The Concept of Multigrain gluten free muffin comes due to change in life style and gluten intolerance people. Common grains included in multigrain foods include Soya, rice, corn and flaxseed. For preparation of muffins Rice flour, Soya flour, Corn flour and flaxseeds were used along with Butter, Sugar, eggs, dry fruits, muffin cups, milk, Vanilla extract and Cocoa powder. Muffins are prepared according to standard recipes. For optimisation of product Design Expert Software 9.0 was used. As depended variables different combinations were used. The independent variables were Texture Profile Analysis, Chemical analysis and sensory analysis. Sensory evaluation was conducted on 9 point hedonic scale for attributes like colour, taste, texture, appearance, and overall acceptability. It was found that, all the blends of flours (rice, corn, soy, flaxseed) and had improved both nutritional and sensory qualities of gluten-free muffins. From the use of eggs and soybean extract, a larger amount of protein is originated. It was found that gluten free flours combinations could be used to produce good quality muffins with acceptable physical and sensory qualities

Fractional Characterization of Bacteriocin-Like Material of Pseudomonas aeruginosa AND Determination of Its Antibacterial Activity Against b. Cereus and s. typhimurium

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th January 2018

Jayant Pawar | Rabinder Henry, Amit Patwardhan, Prakash V, Ashish Kumar Patel, E A Singh

Abstract

This study presents the fractional characterization of bacteriocin-like material (Inhibiting molecule showing properties of bacteriocin) produced by Bacteriocin-like material was found to be active against Bacillus cereus and Salmonella typhimurium. The maximum antibacterial activity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was recorded at 16th-hour incubation in nutrient broth at 370C. The antibacterial activity was found to be extracellular since cell-free supernatant showed inhibition against test organism. The inhibitor was found to have proteinaceous nature and same has been confirmed by inactivation of inhibitor after addition of proteolytic enzymes (trypsin and proteinase K) and 0.2N NaOH for alkaline hydrolysis. After prolonged refrigeration and incubation at high temperature (600C, 1200C and under autoclave) for 15 minutes, inhibitor was found to be active against Bacillus cereus and Salmonella typhimurium. Therefore, inhibitor produced by the Pseudomonas aeruginosa can be bacteriocin- like material and may find application in medicine and in minimally processed foodstuff.

FT-IR studies on interactions between Indole and Coumarin

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th March 2018

C V Madhusudhana Rao | V. Vasantha Kumar, L N Sivakumar Konathala

Abstract

The hydrogen-bonded complexes formed by indole and coumarin were investigated by varying concentrations. The association constant was calculated from Benesi-Hildebrand equation. Our results show that a 1:1 complex was formed between N-H group of indole and the carbonyl group of coumarin. Free energy change of the 1:1 complex was also determined.

Functional Instructions with Braille pictograms using Morphological Analysis for Sightless Children’s Picture Books

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th March 2018

Siddhesh Sushil Shirsekar | Santosh Kshirsagar

Abstract

This paper discusses the use of typography and existing braille script both to tell a story. The research project is based on the teaching multisensory learning through the use of technology existing in the market and considered as and supplementary educational relief in the form of braille storybook. The play is a necessary element in children life, which is initiated by inbuilt inquisitiveness. Learning will be painless when it’s executed through play. The cognitive development is very effective in natural learning. This varied cognitive development follows the cyclic pattern which is defined through Learn, Explore, Experiment and Contribute (LEEC). [7,2] Nature uses an unstructured methodology to address curiosity and initiates play. At the end of the play, children learn about themselves and others. Nature addresses this cyclic pattern through its Natural Resources. However, the recent concern from the researchers pinpoints the lack of interaction between children and Natural Resources. [3] Through the structured methodology these Natural Resources can be replicated in the form of a picture book to bridge the gap. In this paper, Morphological Analysis (MA) is used to map the available Natural Resources in the form of dimensions and its options. While traditional books are created with linear storytelling can allow us to explore the page spatially, leading to new connections between reader and the book.

Fuzzy Fourier series using Hexagonal, Reverse order Pentagonal Fuzzy Number

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th June 2018

T. Pathinathan | E. Anita Dolorosa

Abstract

In this paper we have used Hexagonal fuzzy number in Fuzzy Fourier series for the period of  , . We have observed that Reverse order pentagonal fuzzy number also satisfies the periodic function for the fuzzy Fourier series

Gait Analysis for Possible Ulcerations using Smartphone: A Case Study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

Srinidhi Ganesan | Rizwan Ahmad Khan

Abstract

Gait analysis is the study of body mechanics to assess individual’s ability to walk. Foot ulcer may occur for various reasons, peripheral neuropathy being one of them, is a main reason for non-traumatic lower limb amputation. Main objective of our project was to study the gait pattern of individuals for differences in Ground Reaction Force value in accordance with their BMI using android mobile application to check the possibility of foot ulceration. The gait was recorded and analyzed using Diafoot, our mHealth application. To suffice the research domain of this case study, smartphone with the application was attached to the lower thigh of the subject. The subject was asked to walk a fixed distance of 8m and the developed application recorded acceleration, speed, step count, Body Mass Index and Ground Reaction Force. Our study showed that the Ground Reaction Force values of the underweight, normal, overweight and obese individuals showed significant differences, with which we found that it is practicable to predict the possibility of foot ulceration using Ground Reaction Force value since it will eventually impact the foot plantar tissue.

Gender discrimination in Indian Judicial System: Causes and Implications

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2018

Dr.P.Ganesn | Dr.S.D.Dineshkumar,Dr.P.Mariyappan

Abstract

In all over the world about a half of women population of working age is in the labour force comparing to nearly 80 per cent of men. As per report of World Bank data in 2014, female (above 15 years of age) work participation rate in India is only 27 per cent. Women participation in Government services is meager due to gender discrimination, violence against women, other forms of women suppression and the patriarchal social structure. Gender discrimination in Government institutions for a long time not only restrains women to enter into these services but also leads to denial of justice, when women are aggrieved of their legal rights and approached Governmental institutions. Presence of males in government institutions discourages women to claim their legal rights by suggesting loss of chastity, reputation, prestige and other attributes depending on women’s status. Masculinity tries to save male perpetrators for bribe or material benefits and suppresses feminine gender in all possible ways and thereby sets bad precedents, which lead to failure of implementation of all kind of women welfare laws. Political arena is completely inaccessible for women. It is persisting by male dominated attitude and practice for a long time. Legislature has meager representation of women, which denies chances for women to participate in the process of framing laws. Judiciary has very meager women representation, which is main cause for gender bias in all Governmental institutions.

Generation of Autoregressive Time Series Model at Ground Water Fluctuation at Kaushambi District

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd March 2018

Pushpendra kumar | R .K.Isaac, K. Krishnamurthy, Jameel Mohammed, Shwetma Mishra

Abstract

The present study was conducted with the prime objective to develop a stochastic time series model for prediction of groundwater fluctuation in Kaushambi. The area of the Kaushabi is 2012.8 sq km and the data of 10 years from 2002 to 2011 were used to develop the model Autoregressive (AR) models of orders 0, 1 and 2 were tried to develop an autoregressive time series model for annual groundwater fluctuation. The various parameters of the model were estimated by the general recursive formula proposed by Kottegoda (1980).The goodness of fit and adequacy of models were tested by Box-Pierce Portmanteau test, Akaike Information Criterion and by comparison of measured and predicted correlogram. The AIC value for AR (1) model is lying between AR (0) and AR (2) which is satisfying the selection criteria. The mean prediction error is less in case of ground water fluctuation by AR (1) model. The Graphical representation between measured and generated correlogram is showing that there is close agreement between pre and post-monsoon. The comparison between the measured and predicted ground water table and pre and post-monsoon by AR (1) model, clearly shows that the developed model can be used efficiently for the prediction of pre and post at the kaushambi district Ground water table

Gentipicroside Elicitation in Shoot Cultures of Gentiana kurroo and Swertia chirayita with Molecular Authentication

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Payal Kotvi | Rhythem Sharma,Satyam Singh, Hemant Sood

Abstract

Gentiana kurroo and Swertia chirayita are critically endangered medicinal herbs which belong to the family Gentianance . They are widely distributed in areas of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttrakhand and grow between altitude ranges of 1500-3500 m. These two plants have served to be an important source of secondary metabolites i.e gentiopicroside, swertamarin ,amarogentin and maniferin which have high medicinal properties. In the present study an attempt has been made to elicit these phytochemicals by using varied concentration of elicitors like Methyl jasmonate (50-100 μM), Sodium nitroprusside (25-75 μM), Salicylic acid (25-50 μM) and Seaweed (1-3%) in Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium. These phytochemicals were quantified by HPLC and were also observed for their growth and development. The best results were acquired on Seaweed (2%) which gave 0.34% of gentiopicroside in Gentiana kurroo at an interval of 15 days. The other two best results were observed in Salicylic acid (50 μM) i.e 0.20% and Sodium nitropruside (50 μM) i.e 0.19% in Gentiana kurroo at an interval of 30 days. Elicited plants of Swertia chirayita have shown a lower concentration of gentiopicroside i.e 0.1%. The HPLC analysis of shoot cultures grown in MS supplemented with Sodium nitroprusside, Salicylic acid and seaweed elicited cultures revealed enhanced concentration of swertiamarin, amarogentin and manigiferin in Swertia chirayita. This study is the first to utilize Swertia chirayita as a source of gentiopicroside. Since these two plants have been exploited for their metabolites and very few efforts have been made to cultivate them. This study can serve a mean to acquire an enhanced amount of these metabolites to meet the demands of the pharmaceutical sectors. We have also checked the amplification of four genes from conserved pathways (MVA & non- MEP) encoding HMGR, PMK , ISPD and G10H just to authenticate the contribution of key genes for the medicinal compounds biosynthesis so that those could be used for genetic modification for improving the medicinal compounds production.

Graphene oxide – Synthesis, Characterization and assessment of its ability to detect Cr (VI)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

S.Priya  | B. Uma Devi,H.R. Uma

Abstract

Graphene engross researchers because of its fascinating electrical, thermal properties and mechanical stiffness. GO has been synthesized by methods like chemical vapour deposition, epitaxy method, sonication and by chemical treatment. In this work GO was synthesized by using modified Hummers method and characterised by UV, FT-IR, XRD and TEM analysis. UV- Vis studies showed peak at 300 nm is due to n- π* transition. XRD analysis showed that 2Ɵ value at 10o confirmed the formation of graphene oxide. TEM images clearly confirmed the layer structure in nanodimension. GO were used as a sensor for Chromium. The low concentration of Cr (VI) can be easily detected by GO. UV-Vis spectra were employed to study the sensing ability and the peak around 215 nm clearly revealed that GO formed complex with Cr through carboxylate ion. An attempt was made to employ GO to synthesize graphene using bioreductant

Green Enhancement in Cloud Computing Environments

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th September 2017

Dr.Vimaladevi K | Princy Rufina C, Vigneesh C.S

Abstract

The Cloud computing fundamentally used for business utilization now a days. It provides many advanced features, and has some shortcomings such as the relatively high operating cost for both public and private Clouds. The Green computing is the environmentally responsible and eco-friendly use of computers and their resources. And it is also becoming increasingly important in a world with limited energy resources and an ever rising demand for more computational power. In this paper cloud provides an efficient green enhancements within a scalable Cloud computing architecture. Using power-aware scheduling techniques, variable resource management, live migration, and a minimal virtual machine design, overall system efficiency will be improved in a data center. Energy savings is achieved by minimal performance overhead.

Green synthesis of Novel Nickel oxide Nanoparticles using mangroves and its electrochemical characterization

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

P. Karpagavinayagam | C. Vedhi

Abstract

Green technology and bio perspective research approaches are long lasting and most preferable one. Magic of this output is harmless and mostly in nano scale. Mangroves are small tree that’s grows in saline environment. Many types of Mangroves are available in worldwide, Avicennia marina which is available in Tuticorin District that species flower part has utilised for NiO nano particle synthesis. NiO nanoparticles are using as Catalyst, Sensors, plastics, batteries, smart energy efficient materials, etc., Effective and novel nano materials are got. The characterisation techniques are UV, FTIR, AFM, Electrochemical workstation. In UV, Optical absorption peak intensity is found 319nm. The Functional group analysis is done through Fourier transform spectroscopy. The FTIR band at 418.57 cm-1, 466 cm-1 and 618.67 cm-1 reveals the presence of NiO. Spongy cubic like morphological behaviour is studied by Atomic force microscopy.

Green Synthesis, Characterization of CdO nanoparticles and Zr ion doped CdO nanoparticles assisted Acalyphaindica for photocatalytic application

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

RajaRajeswari V | Lakshmi K, MuthuChudarkodi R.R

Abstract

The synthesis of semiconductor nanoparticles is an expanding research area due to the potential applications in the development of nanotechnologies. The CdO nanoparticles have been synthesized by adding a leaf extract of Acalyphaindica into the aqueous solution of cadmium nitrate. The aqueous Acalyphaindica leaf extract acts as a solvent with multiple roles as promoter, capping agent and reductantfor the synthesis of undopedCdO andZrion doped CdO nanoparticles. Cadmium oxide nanoparticles were characterized by using UV-Visible spectrophotometer, FTIR, AFM, XRD and SEM. The size of the CdO nanoparticles and Zr ion doped CdO nanoparticles were estimated using Debye- Scherrer equation. Photo catalytic degradation was also investigated with Crystal violet dye under UV-irradiation source. The CdO and Zr ion doepdCdO nanoparticles exhibited potential photo catalytic activity towards the degradation of Crystal violet dye. Green synthesis using Acalyphaindicawas found to be the best capping agent for synthesizing nanoparticles.

Growth and Characterization of Pure and L Histidine doped Glycine Sodium Nitrate Single Crystal

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

S.R. Balaji | ] T. Balu,T.R. Rajasekaran

Abstract

Single crystals of GSN and different molar concentration of L-Histidine doped GSN crystals; have been grown from aqueous solution by slow evaporation method. Solubility studies of grown crystals for different temperatures prove the positive temperature coefficient of solubility. The crystals were subjected to Powder X-ray diffraction, which identifies that all the grown crystals where belong to monoclinic system. Fourier transform infra-red spectra shows that the doped and pure GSN provides similar spectra, but there is shift observed for all the peaks suggesting that there is wide range of interactions for the grouping. UVVis-NIR absorption spectra helps us to identify that the lower cut-off wavelength is 217±1 nm for pure and L- Histidine doped GSN single crystals. Vickers microhardness measurements reveal that the hardness values of the crystal decreases due to the increase in the dopant ratio except at 4 mole% doping. Photoluminescence spectrum (PL) result shows that the crystals shows a strong and broad emission peak at around 528nm which illustrate that the crystals has an emission of green radiations.

Growth and Structural Properties of 𝑀𝑇𝑆 Single crystal doped with ZnSO4

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

M.Jeyalekshimi | Dr. T.H.Freeda, Dr. N. Neelakanda Pillai

Abstract

Nonlinear optical materials are used in laser technology, such in new NLO materials is the fascinating research today. Several authors try to grow new inorganic, organic and semi organic NLO materials have many advantages over both inorganic and organic NLO materials. In this view, in the present investigation ZnSO4 doped Magnesium ThioUrea Sulphate(MTS) single crystals were grown by slow evaporation technique using rain water as solvent. The grown crystals were characterized by SXRD and PXRD measurements. The density of the crystals was determined by conventional floatation technique. The mechanical strength of the grown crystals was examined by Vicker’s Microhardness test. The SXRD and PXRD data show that the grown crystal belongs to tetragonal system. The Work hardening co-efficient determined by hardness number shows that, the crystal belongs to soft category materials

Growth of TiO2 NWs by OAD technique

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th October 2017

Shyam Murli Manohar Dhar Dwivedi | Anupam Ghosh, Shubhro Chakrabartty, Rabindra Nath

Abstract

Handwritten Devanagari Compound Character Recognition

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th February 2018

Juhee Sachdeva | Dr. Shilpa Kulkarni

Abstract

Compound characters recognition is a difficult task because characters are written in the combination of two simple characters. These characters tend to touch each other in different forms and so the segmentation of compound characters is a difficult task because of high error rate. In this paper, we present a technique for recognition of compound character using MLP technique. The process of pre-classification is implemented using MLP that is trained by Back Propagation method. After Preprocessing stage and pre-classification stage Diagonal feature extraction is implemented. The proposed work reported a high recognition rate of accuracy.

Handwritten Devanagari Compound Character Recognition Using Zernike Moment

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th December 2017

Juhee Sachdeva | Dr. Shilpa Kulkarni

Abstract

Character recognition of Devanagari compound characters is a difficult task because characters are written in half forms of original characters. In this paper, we present OCR for Handwritten Devanagari compound character. Recognition of Devanagari compound characters consist of three main phases Preprocessing, Feature Extraction and Classification. During last few decades many research has been conducted to find a solution for Character recognition as it is a solution for many real-world problems. The major problem for processing a large volume of data can be solved. Work has been done in recognizing handwritten characters in Languages like English, Chinese, Japanese and Arabic. This paper focuses on the recognition of Devanagari compound characters. The feature extraction stage uses Zernike Moments based feature extraction technique that analyzes and select set of features that can be used to uniquely identify the character. Zernike Moment based techniques use rotation invariance that is successfully applied to many Pattern Recognition problems and character recognition system. The moment-based system uses global features that are suitable for compound character recognition. For classification phase, Support Vector Machine is used. The system reported a high recognition rate of accuracy.

Heavy Metal Contamination in Soil and Groundwater

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 24th May 2018

Kumari Priyanka  | 

Abstract

Scattered literature is harnessed to critically review the possible sources,chemistry,potential biohazards And best available remedial strategies for a number of heavy metals(pb,cr,As,Zn,Cd, Cu, Hg and Ni Commonly found in contaminated soils.The principle advantages and disadvantages of immobilization ,soil washing and phytoremediation techniques which are frequently listed among the best demonstrated available technologies for cleaning of heavy metal contaminated sites are presented .Remediation of heavy metals contaminated soils is necessary to reduce the associated risks ,make the land resource available for agricultural production enhance food security

History of Pudukottai District a Study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

P. Manikandan | 

Abstract

Pudukottai became a separate district only during recent times. The area is clearly founded upon ancient traditions. The district of Pudukottai has a very eminent history. It seems to have seen the ruling of various dynasties over the course of time. Our Tamil literature has seen various poets who have hailed from this particular area. It proves to be a very sacred land to the Pandyas. It was a great centre of trade and business. History tells that many of the wars between the Pallavas and the Pandiyas have been fought in this area. Tamil literature of the Sangam period has mentioned many places of this district. The district became a sort of marchar land between the Pandyas and the Pallavas. The Cauveri river plays an important role in the geography of the area. The area is a reserve for various archaeological explorations. It has many monuments and scriptures that identify the diversity of rulers the land has seen. It is a abode of cultural inferences. The ground has always been a point for power struggle between the Cholas, Pandiyas and the Pallavas. The area was at its beneficial peak only during the reign of Raja Raja I. In the 17th and 18th centuries the area also saw the rule of the Thondaiman Dynasty. The famous Carnatic Wars were mostly fought around Tiruchirapalli. The history of Pudukottai is of vital importance in order to understand the transformations that have taken place in Tamil Nadu over the course of time.

HRM in UAE: Current Challenges and the Road Ahead

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th January 2018

M.Hazem Shayah | Sun Zehou

Abstract

The UAE’s economy has evolved significantly over the past decade; part of that success is due to the highly qualified HRM. The leadership of the UAE recognizes the critical importance of human resource capabilities for the country’s long-term strategy and for creating a sophisticated knowledge-based economy. This paper focuses specifically on the special issues which help advance the understanding of HRM in UAE; we examine the current challenges and highlight the future prospects from a national perspective.

Human Reliability Analysis method-SPAR-H – A Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Miss. Sayli Rahul Bokil | Mr. Ravi Kant Gupta

Abstract

Human performance makes a considerable contribution to incidents and accidents in many industries. This human performance is estimated in terms of ‘Human Reliability’ which highly affects the maintenance activity performance, safety and cost efficiency of any production process. Improvement of Human Reliability relies on identification of human error causes and quantification of human error probability. The central thrust of this paper is to review the common Human Reliability Analysis technique – Standardized Plant Analysis Risk-Human reliability (SPAR-H). The paper also discusses the effectiveness of performance shaping factors (PSFs) influencing on the human performance with the consideration of its strength and limitations

Human Resources Information System - Its Benefits and Importance with Respect to Recruitment in Modern Corporate Scenario

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th September 2017

Angelin vilma.G | Subashree.S

Abstract

The Emerging trends in modern management have lead to higher use of technology in executing all its functions. Recruitment as a function is no exception to this. Information technology can be used as a weapon to enhance nearly every aspects of recruitment process. Use of Human resources information system in recruitment allows a company to rightly identify potential candidates for right job and it also attracts prospective employees to apply for the job, to attract a wide pool of candidates, to get needed information about after hire candidates (Employees) and their complete database for future use, HRIS also makes it easier for the company to know the exact cost spent on recruitment which helps in budgeting future recruitment cost. The paper will emphasize the benefits and importance of Human Resource Information system with respect to recruitment in corporate scenario

Hydrodynamic Cavitation, A promising Technique for Pre-Treatment of Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) Influent Wastewater

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ayush Ransingh | Dr. Anjali K Khambete

Abstract

In this work treatment of influent wastewater at Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) has been investigated using Hydrodynamic Cavitation (HC) using single hole orifice plate. Various methods like DAP (Di Ammonium phosphate), RO (Reverse Osmosis) has been widely investigated but HC arouses some promising outcomes hence is being investigated. The optimization of the treatment process by investigating the effect of parameters viz inlet pressure and residence time has been done by analyzing Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD). The effect of inlet pressure on cavitational yield has also been investigated. Further under optimized conditions of 5 kg/cm2 inlet pressure, reduction of COD and BOD has been analyzed. Under optimized condition COD reduces from 832 to 457 mg/L and BOD from 330 mg/L to 118 mg/L. This work is a rare report on treatment of CETP wastewater using HC.

Hydrothermal Synthesis and Characterisation of Molybdenum Oxide/ Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanocomposite for Energy Application

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th March 2018

Krishnamurthy G | Veeresha G

Abstract

Despite the importance of reduced graphene oxide/ molybdenum oxide (RGO/MoO3) nanocomposite due to its wide range of properties and corresponding applications, it is a potential candidate for electrode materials in supercapacitors. Though there are a number of methods to synthesize molybdenum oxide/graphene nanocomposites, a highly desirable, alternative green method involving eco-friendly precursors and reagents is most important for the current and future scenario as for as sustainability and scalable production concerned. We here in, have reported the synthesis of (RGO/MoO3) nanocomposite using a mild and facile hydrothermal approach. The preparation method involved the mild reagents such as ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate, hydrazine hydrate Etc. The hydrothermal reaction was carried out at about 200 °C. Highly pristine graphene oxide was obtained from mild treatment of raw pyrolytic graphite in an appropriate ratio of ethanol and water. The structure and morphology of so obtained RGO/MoO3 were studied by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. The composition of the material was analyzed using energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) technique

Identification and Evaluation of Anemia Using Various Hematological Tests

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 24th March 2018

Shwetma Mishra | O.P. Verma, Jayanand, G. S. Shukla

Abstract

Anemia is the commonest disorder of the blood and affected all age groups now days. It is diagnosed as low Hb count in Blood or decrease no of RBCs normally. Many biotechnological tools are formulated for accurate diagnosis of anemia e.g. Analyzers’ for CBC counting, Neubauer chamber for cell counting, Microscopic findings of Bone marrow examination etc. The study has dynamic impact on the overall development of detecting the disease in the very early stage. It is less time consuming and easy way to find out presence of anemia in a person. They are either suffered by chronic illness or infected by blood parasite. It is also found out that traumatic disorder is also responsible for the cause of anemia. Some samples shows that it is hereditary or acquired. The study of anemia deals with the treatment of blood related disorders & tumors that are present in the human body. This study is fairly new one in India but is gaining rapid importance that is shaping the future of various patients that are actually carrying this disease.

Identifying an Ideal Bio-Indicator from Indian Freshwaters to Use in Automated Bio-Monitor

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Merin Mathew | Anju Theresa Antony,Sunny George,Ratish Menon,Almut Gerhardt

Abstract

The present study has been undertaken to identify the most ideal species that can be used as a bio-indicator in automated bio-monitors. Six different fish species were exposed in a 50% effluent from sewage treatment plant and in open well water (control) for 48 hours. Using an automated bio-monitor named "Multispecies Freshwater Bio-monitor " developed by Lim Co International, GmbH, Konstanz, Germany was used for continuous monitoring of the behaviour of fish species in both control and effluent. The six fish species used were Etroplus suratensis, Puntius denisonii, Xiphophorus maculatus, Poecilia reticulata and Oreochromis mossambicus. All the six species were in juvenile stage and almost same in size (2-3 cm). O. mossambicus and E. suratensis were identified as the ideal bio-indicators which gives an early warning (stress ventilation, avoidance behaviour followed by reduced movement activity) to the effluent from treatment units. All the other species were observed as more sensitive to effluent.

Imagery In The Poetry of Kamala Das

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Gazala Qadri | 

Abstract

In this paper light is thrown on the art of imagery by Kamala Das in her poetry. In general Imagery is a creation of the picture in terms of words. It serves the purpose of making experience of life vivid and life-like. Poets, who are incapable in this art of creating imagery, fail in their profession. In literature, imagery can be defined as “covering those uses of language [. . .] that evoke sense-impressions by literal or figurative reference to perceptible or „concrete‟ objects, scenes, actions, or states as distinct from the language of abstract argument or exposition” (Baldick 164). In poetry, imagery is the representation of mental pictures appealing to senses rather than sight; and it is the depiction of qualities through words and pictures. For poets, imagery is the primary vehicle utilizing to transport their readers to a new experience. They can draw their readers into a sensory experience by the use of imagery. Imagery sharpens the impact of the words by poets as they show us with their words rather than just telling us what they feel. Imagery in poetry can be defined as a name given to the elements that spark off the senses. Imagery is the literary device employed in poetry which provide message or theme to a poem. Imagery is used for the strong sensory words for creating clear mental picture for the readers which enables them to feel what the poet thinks and feels in composition. Kamala Das has employed abundant images and symbols in her poetry.Imagery of Kamala Das is succinct, sensory, metaphorical, and evocative. Imagery in her poetry includes more than six senses, sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell. Her artistic craftsmanship is revealed through her use of imagery and symbols.Kamala Das has borrowed images in her poetry from her daily life and mostly are symbolic. She has employed functional imagery rather than decorative.Ezra pound remarks: “An image is one which presents an intellectual and emotional complex in an instant of time” (qtd. in Singh 132).Kamala Das‟ ancestral home and her grandmother, plays an important role in the maximum images she has employed in poetry. In poem, “The Sea”, Kamala Das reminiscences her past through the imagery of sea. She remembers the fortunate time of her past and feels nostalgic in the present. The imagination or the usage of images has been outstanding in her poetry that fulfils the desire to understand the subject of sensuality. Every reader—critic or mere entertainer can comprehensively grasp her poetry through usage of poetic devices. Her attraction for it, she clarifies later, is „a childish whim, „a thing associated with her dreamy past: But, ….at the basement of the sea (The Descendants 34).

Impact of Advertisement on Sales and Marketing

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th September 2017

Poonam Kumari | 

Abstract

Many harmful and inflammable gases are produced in various industrial and domestic systems. The detection and measurement of these toxic gases has drawn much attention for the researchers worldwide due to their bad effects on human health. The present study demonstrates the important parameters to fabricate the metal-oxide semiconductors gas sensors using various deposition methods. This study figures out the change in value of sensitivity and stability of metal-oxides gas sensor towards target gas and dopant. Our study also depicts a novel method to fabricate a cost effective gas sensor operated at room temperature.

Impact of Cyber Crimes and Education

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2018

A.Simon | Dr.A.Veliappan

Abstract

Cyber Crimes as any crime that is committed by means of special knowledge use of computer technology. The threat of cybercrime is an ever-present and increasing reality in both the private and professional sectors. With the advent of the internet, old crimes have taken on a new appearance. Theft and fraud can now be received directly into a personal home through online means. The financial loss and personal pain caused by hacking and other internet-related crimes cannot always be measured, but statistics are reported each year. Though these crimes span many aspects of life, the most prolific boil down to hacking and digital piracy. Hackers are able to gain access to financial assets and information, while other criminals are able to illegally download entertainment products, causing a decline in sales and loss of revenue. Cybercrime highlights the centrality of networked computers in our lives and the fragility of such seemingly solid facts as individual identity.

Impact of Demographic Variables on Work-Life Balance of Police Personnel: With Reference To Jalgaon Police Department

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th September 2017

Mr. Vivek Vikas Yawalkar | Prof. Dr. Madhulika A. Sonawane

Abstract

The objectives of the study is to investigate the relationship of demographic variables with work-life balance of selected police personnel from Jalgaon district police department. It is essential for police personnel to have balanced work-life to avoid future circumstance. The demographic and organizational variables considered in the study are Age, working place, and number of family dependents. For this study, 500 sample size has been selected by using stratified random sampling method. As strata designation was selected were Police Constables, Police Naik, Head Constable and Assistant sub-inspector ranks chosen for data collection. For the tabulation and hypothesis testing chi-square test is used. The research study has found that demographic factors life age, number of family dependents, and working place has significant relationship with work-life balance of selected police personnel in Jalgaon District. It has also investigated that demographic variables lead mistakes at work place, increases error, and has negative impact on person’s health. Therefore, researcher has suggested informal meetings, programs, health related camps , seminars for the police personnel.

Impact of Energy Farming: Addressing limitations of Biogas Plant In terms of Source as a Fuel

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Hansika Ringe | 

Abstract

Indian agriculture has been able to deliver a unique and diversified produces, mainly due to different topologies and climate variation that help to grow and a special quality yield. The key link between to have a sustainable way of farming and satisfactory yield is the energy source being utilised for the farming. The world is moving from non- renewable to renewable sources, energy farming will help to achieve that goal. The overall image after reading the articles indicates that Renewable sources subject has largely been unexplored because the expensive technology and difficulty of being replicated in some geographical area. One of the ways, for making farming clean and green is through small scale biogas plant. Even though it serves both domestic (cooking) and agricultural use (supply motive power, pump water and drive machinery). This study will attempt to offer some suggestions to the limitations of biogas plant which are standing as an obstacle for use in full capacity

Impact of Gamma Irradiation on the Nutritional and Antinutritional Qualities of Mucuna Deeringiana (Bort) Merril: An Underexploited Food Legume

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd August 2018

P.S. Tresina | V.Sornalakshmi,V.R. Mohan

Abstract

- Impact of gamma irradiation on Mucuna deeringiana, the tribal legume seeds at various doses (2, 5, 10, 15 and 25 kGy) were assessed for its proximate composition, vitamins (niacin and ascorbic acid) and antinutritional factors. Gamma irradiation resulted in an increase in crude protein at all doses, whereas the crude lipid, crude fibre and ash confirmed a decrease in dosedependent. The unirradiated seed samples of M. deeringiana were rich in niacin and ascorbic acid content. They were significantly decreased on irradiation at all the doses. Impact of gamma irradiation revealed a dose-dependent increase in total free phenolics and tannins while the rest of the antinutritional factors like L-DOPA, phytic acid, hydrogen cyanide, trypsi inhibitor activity, oligosachharides and phytohaemagglutinating activity were significantly reduced. Increased in vitro protein digestibility was noted in the irradiated seeds. Findings of the current study expose that use of gamma irradiation does not affect the overall nutritional composition and can be used as an effectual method of preservation.

Impact of Knowledge Sharing and Transformational Changes in Organizational Learning in Educational Institutes of Under Graduate Program in Mumbai Suburb

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

SamratSrivastava | 

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to understand the relationship of knowledge sharing and transformational changes in organizational learning in educational institutes of under graduate program. The impact of knowledge sharing in educational institutes and changes taking place in learning of the facilitatorsis studied. Chi square test is applied to determine the relationship between knowledge sharing and transformational changes in organizational learning. The study showed significant relationship between the three factors and provides directions for principals’ to promote organizational learning.

Impact of Low Intensity Pixels of Gray scale Images in compression

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

V.Lakshmi Praba | S.Anitha

Abstract

Image compression plays a vital role in digital world. Storing and transmitting digital image with high quality is complex task. There are many methods for compressing digital images. In this paper, the digital image is divided into low and high intensity pixels . The low intensity part of image alone is compressed and decompressed using three different methods to know the frequency of low intensity pixels in the image. The impact of low intensity pixels in the compression technique is also studied. DCT based Arithmetic encoding, Haar wavelet and Quad tree decomposition these three compression methods are tested with some images and the best method is compared with JPEG 2000 (Joint Pictures Experts Group 2000) and also analysed.

Impact of Technology on Genre Fiction

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

M.Karthiga | Dr B.Manivannan

Abstract

Genre fiction, which has been otherwise called popular fiction, began its development in the late 19th century due to the advancements of technological progress. Since the invention of various techniques in printing press, binding and circulation, the fate of genre fiction has completely changed. It has adopted various technical advancements to keep pace with the pressing needs of the time. In the present day consumerist culture, reader as a consumer considers the act of reading a novel consuming a product. Hence, genre fiction is more of reader centered. Now a novel can be read in different formats such as paper back, kindle edition, hard cover, mass market paperback, audio CD, audio cassette and flexi bound. Technology and its devices have provided unique platforms like blog, instagram, twitter and other social networking sites for renowned authors not only to express themselves but also to communicate to their fan base and get instant feedback about their creative work. The very production and reception of these popular novels are thus undoubtedly modified by technology. This paper attempts to focus on how technology and genre fiction grow in tandem forming a new elitist reader community.

Impact of Total Organic Carbon on Trihalomethane Formation in Treated Water of Saidabad Water Treatment Plant and along the Distribution System

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 9th January 2018

Nusrat Sharmin | Mushfiqur Rahman Khan

Abstract

Role of Total organic carbon in trihalomethane formation in the treated water of Saidabad Water Treatment Plant (SWTP) was investigated during the months of November 2014 to June 2015. Total organic carbon (TOC) concentration of the incoming raw water varied seasonally with amount ranging from 20.52mg/L –40.69mg/L in drier months (November-February) which later decreased to 8.30mg/L –15.02mg/L in the wet season (April-June). A significant increase was also observed in trihalomethane concentrations in dry months at the SWTP outlet, with the highest concentration level of 145.80 μg/L being recorded in January. Based on this trend, a site-specific positive correlation (r = 0.526) was found between raw water TOC and treated water THM using Pearson Method of Correlation. THM in the distribution system also followed this seasonal pattern and the concentration levels of trihalomethanes increased with increasing distance from the treatment plant. A low but definite correlation was found between distance and formation of THM (r = 0.257). In the six locations selected in Dhaka city, total trihalomethane concentration in the tap water ranged from 28.52 μg/L to 191.17 μg/L. In most cases, the concentration levels obtained in drier months were higher than the maximum permissible limits of 80μg/L set by United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA).

Impacts on Crop Yield in Agriculture Due to Climate Change in India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 30th August 2017

S.L.Soundrya | R.Kaviya, L.Keerthana

Abstract

Agriculture is highly dependent on the climate. The possible physical effects of climatic change on agriculture, such as changes in crop and livestock yields, as well as the economic consequences of these potential yield changes. In recent times, the crop simulation models have been used extensively to study the impact of climate change on agricultural production and food security. Climate models predict a gradual rise in carbon-dioxide (CO2) concentration and temperature across the globe. These results suggest that climate change is likely to impose significant costs on the Indian economy unless farmers can quickly recognize and adapt to increasing temperatures. Local weather conditions such as rain, temperature, sunshine and wind, in combination with locally adapted plant varieties, cropping systems, and soil conditions can maximize food production as long as plant diseases can be controlled. Climate change could make it more difficult to grow crops. The effects of climate change also need to be considered along with other evolving factors that affect agricultural production, such as changes in farming practices and technology. With the temperature increasing and fluctuations of weather, water availability and crop production are likely to decrease in the future. If the irrigated areas are expanded, the total crop production will increase.

Implementation of the Behavioral Modeling Approach for Sarcasm Detection

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th April 2018

Geeta Mehetre | M. B. Kalkumbe

Abstract

Sarcasm is a function of "sarcastic" or "non-sarcastic" labeling. It is a challenging task because there is no pronunciation or sarcasm. Facial expressions in the text However, humans can still see the feeling of severity in the text and the reasons for it. The perception of the friction of the text is an important task for the processing of natural language to avoid the erroneous interpretation of the text in the form of text. The accuracy and durability of the NLP model are often affected by a sense of dishonesty, which is often a mockery. Therefore, it is important to filter the vocal data of training information for various tasks related to NLP. "I'm excited to be called to work all weekend!" It can be classified as a highly positive feeling. However, the fact that negative feeling is implied intelligently through cynicism. The use of cynicism prevails in social networks, sub blogs and forms of electronic commerce. Cramp inspections are necessary for the correct confidence analysis and mining reviews. It can help improve automatic response in the context of client-based sites. Twitter is a small-scale blog platform widely used by people to comment, debate, discuss current events and convey information. Short Message Context the relevant context of the tweets is often identified using the Twitter # (hash-tag) data. It is a rich data repository for implicit sentences that have cynicism.

Implicit and explicit Association-Based Feature Opinion mining Framework

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th April 2018

Sonali Pardeshi | Sugandha Nandedkar

Abstract

A significant advancement in e-commerce has led to the invention of several websites selling products online. These websites also facilitate the buyers to express their opinions about the products & their features in the form of reviews. Knowing these opinions and the related sentiments play an important role in decision-making processes involving regular customers to executive managers. But these reviews are available in huge numbers hence referring them becomes a practically impossible task to achieve. Thus a new orientation called Opinion Mining & Summarization has emerged to deal with the problem. Aspect-based (Feature-based) Opinion Summarization is one of these summarization techniques which provide brief yet most relevant information about different features related to the target product. Hence the approach is in great demand nowadays because it exactly shows what a customer usually tries to search while referring the reviews. This paper focuses on the extraction of different kinds of features associated with a target entity. The current state of the art suggests that concrete techniques are highly required for identification of those features which are not clearly mentioned. Thus our prime target is to deliver a succinct solution for effective identification of implicit features along with the explicit ones based on the opinion words encountered in user reviews. This is achieved by first extracting and processing the explicit features and then using them for the identification of implicit features. Finally, summarization of sentences containing both kinds of aspects is done.

Improved Zone Based Routing Protocol For MANET

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th June 2018

Aparna Balkawade | Pranita Roman, Akshay Khatpe, Supriya Theurkar

Abstract

Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) is a infrastructure less, self organizing and self-configurable wireless network of mobile nodes. The MANET has a dynamic nature that makes the network topology change frequently. Zone routing protocol is typical hybrid routing protocol in MANET. It combines proactive with reactive strategies, it applies a proactive strategy inside the zone and reactive strategy outside the zone. As each node in the scenario maintain a route table, there are lots of overlapping areas in the whole scenario. These overlapping area produce redundant or duplicate route request. To overcome this drawback we developed Improved Zone Based Routing Protocol for MANET. In this protocol we minimize the Zone overlapping, and also minimise the duplicate route request. In high mobility MANET, the fast change of topology increases the complexity of routing. We define new parameter the mobility of the node, using this parameter we choose best node as zone head and also best path for transmission

Improving Soft Skills by Enhancing the Ideology of Multiculturalism in Corporate World

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th March 2018

Dr.V.Sudhakar Rao | 

Abstract

Multiculturalism has become a significant concept contemplated over by everyone in rather every domain. Culture can be delineated precisely as the love for one‘s own society, civilization, morals, principles, language and the way of life in which one is born. If there is a strong aptitude and outlook to learn others‘ culture, it is invariably attainable to have cultural ease, cultural competence, cultural forbearance and fine-tuning. Such concepts of having a flair and perspective represent soft skills of a person. Soft skills embodies the flexibility of the individuals to be versatile and adapt to the dynamic requirements of a corporation. The ability to deal with divergences and multiculturalism is an essential requirement of the hour. Developing communicative behaviour occupies a central role among the soft skills. Therefore tutoring in corporate world should be designed to impart communicative behavior containing face-to-face settings, interactive activities, role plays and cluster discussions. In the prevailing intercultural work places, management must consider all the angles of culture in order to build a more fruitful manpower. Five important factors that operate at team levels can be identified. 1. Native culture 2. Corporate culture 3. Functional culture 4. The formation stage 5. Individual elements Firms have to be attentive when negotiating business deals and using various forms of nonverbal communication such as total visual communication, language, gestures, appearance, posture, eye contact, paralanguage and symbolism. Its need of the hour is to maintain cultural fluency to perform like a person of the native culture. The culture of the people influences the culture at corporate. Cultural dimensions such as geographical detachment, individuality vs collectivism, manliness vs femininity, and finally, long-term orientation should be taken into account to understand cultural influences. One has to pay particular notice to these factors in a multicultural milieu

In Air Synthesis of Psyllium Based OrganoInorganic Hybrid Ion Exchanger, its Characterization and Studies

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Rajeev Jindal | Rachna Sharma ,Mithu Maiti, Harpreet Kaur

Abstract

In this research paper in air synthesis of Psyllium and zirconium(IV)tungstoiodophosphate based organo-inorganic hybrid ion exchanger has been reported. Synthesised hybrid ion exchanger has been characterized by FT-IR, SEM, EDS and TGA/DTA/DTG and chemical composition. Ion exchange capacity and thermal studies of the synthesised ion exchanger were investigated using the potassium chloride solution. Further pH titration studies have also been done with KCl/KOH and NaCl/NaOH solutions. Distribution studies shows that synthesized ion exchange has high selectivity for Pb2+ .

In depth study on Simple ranking method in Job- Evaluation Techniques

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 24th January 2018

Arundhathi G | 

Abstract

Indian I.T industry has played a key role in putting our country on the global map. India’s IT potential is on a steady march towards global competitiveness, improving defence capabilities and meeting up energy and environmental challenges amongst others. The IT sector has been India’s sunshine sector for quite some time now. Therefore, a huge competition has taken place between organizations in IT sector where attracting and retaining personnel has become a major challenge. Human resource management is called as human capital as well as a social capital. Because, the skills, knowledge and experience of each individual contribute to the growth of organizations, communities and nations. Such valuable human talent is a human capital and is one of the primary requirements for national economic development.

Indian Microcredit Industry: Challenges and Future Prospects

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th March 2018

Pratik Srivastava | Ankita Sharma

Abstract

Microcredit is not just the ground idea of eradicating poverty and rural development but chiefly an important idea of financial inclusion of the most discounting proportion of an economy. The unique impression of lending very small amount of loan without any collateral, to make people self-employed in every manner, marks its achievement. However, its outreach is not expedient as compared to the population and requirement in India. More than a billion people faces dearth of financial services around the globe while some 200 million of these people belongs to India. This paper edifies micro credit delivery system in India, embracing stupendous role of NABARD, MFIs and SHGs, recent trends and unleashed potential of industry by pondering over its institutional structural design, viability and trade-off between inclusion and self-sustainability. Our paper subsumes aspects of both an empirical work and a literature review. Primary data in the form of a survey adopting questionnaire form is collected, targeting very low-income group and secondary data includes journals, PIB and Government reports. Graphical, percentage and ranking methods have been used to anatomize the data. The analysis shows that there is a prodigious market for Microcredit in India, backed by government’s initiatives and growth in the country’s low income but priority sector. The paper also focuses on the cardinal challenges confronted by Microcredit institutions like MFI’s financial non- viability, improper targeting, huge compliance cost, high interest rates, inappropriate infrastructural resources and absurd repayment pattern on micro-loans. Concluding shortcomings and trends, we propose state-of- the -art reforms for future focusing mainly upon improving delivery structure, adopting less complicated process framework, tailored products and incorporating innovation in microcredit industry through technology

Influence of Deformation/Orientation on Fusion Cross Section Induced By Heavy Ions

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 9th January 2018

K. Kalita | 

Abstract

The fusion cross sections at sub-barrier energies depend on the couplings of various reaction channels such as deformation/orientation, non-elastic channels etc. The fusion cross sections may be either enhanced or hindered depending on their influences. Experiments are attempted to extract many parameters like hexadecapole deformations (β4) through fusion excitation function as well as by quasi-elastic measurements all over the world. The challenging experiments are performed on 16O + 176Yb, 174Yb at Inter University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi and at BARC-TIFR pelletron accelerator facilities and the results are compared. An experimental method that can give the β4 with less uncertainty is highly sought after between these two measurements. Recently, Quasi elastic scattering measurement around the barrier energies, at 150◦ and 170◦ with respect to the beam direction, has been carried out to obtain the barrier distribution for the reaction 16O+ 176Yb. The measured barrier distribution has been compared with coupled channel calculation. The β4 value is obtained from the best fit of the experimental barrier distribution using minimisation χ 2 technique.

Innovative and Efficient Pesticide Spraying Technologies for Residue Free Farm Produce

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Patil S. B | S. S. Patil, P. D. Ukey

Abstract

Entomological studies have established that in numerous cases, smaller droplets of pesticide spray provide greater biological efficacy per unit mass of pesticide than do the larger droplets for achieving insect control. Thus, the recent concept of spraying is to spray the target pest more efficiently by selecting optimum droplet size and density for maximum retention and coverage. Customarily, more chemical than theoretically needed is often applied due to the variability in field conditions and the need to ensure complete coverage. In such a situation, Variable rate spraying system and the Electrostatic spraying system can be effectively utilized. The variable rate sprayers and air-atomizing electrostatic sprayers are overcoming the deficiencies of conventional sprayers. The variable rate pesticide spraying has the potential to reduce pesticide amount and cost as well as off target contamination of environment. Electrostatic charging increases spray deposit level, reduces waste and greatly improves spray distribution for better insect and disease control. Therefore the use of these two technologies can ensure the spraying of pesticides within in acceptable limit and ensure residue free farm produce for healthy life of human being

Integrated Approach for Groundwater Potential of Jhod Macro-Watershed in Nanded District, Maharashtra, India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 28th May 2018

Bhagwan B. Ghute | 

Abstract

The study area belongs to the Deccan trap basalts of late Cretaceous to early Eocene period. The groundwater in the study area is restricted mostly to the zones of secondary porosity developed due to fractures, joints, and weathering. In the present study, an attempt has been made to evaluate the geomorphic stages of the Jhod macro-watershed. The present study also attempts to select suitable geomorphic surfaces and morphometric attributes for groundwater exploration in hard rock areas especially Deccan basalt. Morphometric characteristics play a vital role on the hydrologic performance of the drainage basin. Hence, a number of parameters, which signify the drainage basin characteristics, such as bifurcation ratio, length and area ratios, basin configurations, drainage density, stream frequency, and the length of overland flow, are evaluated for the present study. The groundwater potentiality is moderate to good (with average yield 240 to 280 lpm in bore wells), in most part of the watershed, whereas the fractured zones in the weathered pediplains and alluvial plains are very good potential zones (with average yield >240 lpm in bore wells). The pediment surfaces are having moderate to poor groundwater potentiality, i.e. average yield 78 lpm in dug wells and 145 lpm in bore wells. Highly dissected plateau have the poor groundwater potentiality with average yield of 65 lpm in dug wells and 94 lpm in bore wells

Intelligent Channel Aware Malicious Free Data Forwarding Scheme Over Wireless Sensor Networks

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th December 2017

Mohammad Sirajuddin | 

Abstract

In the communicative world each and every individual needs to perform global communication with failure-free intelligent model. Wireless Sensor Network, a medium which provides efficient communication modes to clients to satisfy their communication needs. However, this kind of wireless network channels are also facing lots of communication issues by means of several fault strategies, such as: link failures, node failures, bandwidth inefficiency, poor energy level, attacks and many more. So that, a fast growing network scheme is required as well as it provides lots of features to communication strategies and routing protocols, called Intelligent-Channel-Aware-Reputation Scheme [ICARS]. In the proposed system, the main objective is to provide the strong and failure-free wireless communication medium over networking with multiple numbers of nodes. As well as to provide high-level of security while the data is communicating from source to destination. For that powerful cryptographic algorithm is employed, called Modified Rijndael Algorithm (MRA) and to clearly state that the attack-free wireless communication channel with the help of intelligent routing strategies such as Route Request (RREQ) and Route Response (RREP).

Intelligent Multi-agent based e-Learning System (IMBLS) for Interactive Distance Learning

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th December 2017

Kanigiri Suresh | S.Bhuvaneswari, D Sravan Kumar

Abstract

The significant test for creating nation like India is that there is a huge and differing populace of understudies and inadequate number of qualified educators and in addition absence of framework for such substantial populace. Separation learning mode has demonstrated an ability to address these worries, despite the fact that a great deal of advance occurred in this field, however intuitiveness is as yet the real worry in Distance Learning Environment (DLE) is to make it as much intelligent as classroom educating while at the same time holding alternate advantages of E-learning frameworks like straightforward entry and time administration. Multi-operator based framework had demonstrated its capacity in the field of E-learning so as to build up an E-learning framework which is community, Interactive, Adaptive and Intelligent. This paper features the blemishes in the current frameworks and proposes another Multi-operator based E-learning Architecture named BOKHARIIntelligent Multi-specialist based e-Learning System (BOKHARIIMBLS) that is an electronic intuitive E-Learning framework intended for the separation learning condition. Its engineering depends on seven individual specialists working in a shared manner to give an E-learning the condition that is intelligent, versatile, cooperative, secure and productive. The fundamental concentration of the framework is to upgrade the intelligence at the client level and to lessen the unpredictability of the framework. This framework has a reflection layer as an online interface that shrouds the many-sided quality of inner subtle elements of the framework working with the end client and gives a simple treatment of the framework. BOKHARI-IMBLS gives the learning material to the students as per their customized needs, screens the learning conduct of the understudy. It enables Student to work together with their guide and in addition kindred Students next to this it likewise deals with security issues of E-learning frameworks

Intelligent Street Lighting System

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 21st April 2018

Monali Y. Khachane | 

Abstract

The current research work is carried out for designing and executing the advanced development in embedded systems for energy saving of street lights. In India at many places manual street lighting system is installed and taken cared by the municipality. The evening before the sunset’s street lights is switched ON and switched OFF in the next day morning. Another scenario is automated time setting is also used for street lighting. At few places, after midnight all street lights are switched off. These all scenarios ultimately wasted up power.But the actual timing for these lights to be switched ON is when there is absolute darkness and glow only when there is a movement of vehicles or humans. To avoid the problems associated with the street lighting system, the fully automated energy efficient system is proposed to perform the ON and OFF operations only when needed. Also, the system is intelligent enough to communicate with the municipality office if any maintenance is needed. The proposed system is designed by using Arduino UNO and Bluetooth devices. Light Dependence Resistance (LDR) and Motion Sensors are used for designing the system. The proposed system is successfully fulfilled the designing purpose.

Intelligent Vehicle Parking Allotment System

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th June 2018

M.P.Shalimath Nasli | Dubbal Gazala Parveen A.M, Gavahane ketki D, Bhosale Akshay.P

Abstract

In urban areas, parking the car is one of the difficult tasks that we are facing in our day to day life. The main issue is providing the sufficient parking system. Nowadays, it is very hard to find the availability of parking slots in the highly rushed places like malls, cinema halls, etc. This calls for the situations of a Smart car parking system.T his paper represents a system which is based on local networks and commanded by an Android application. The paper proposed a system of intelligent parking using Android application which provides the user an easy way of booking the parking slots through an application where the user will automatically find the parking space via the server. In addition to this, we can say that it’s a new way of communication between humans and the things with the help of new technology based on networking. To avoid the problem of traffic congestion in the urban areas where it consumes unnecessarily amount of times, this paper provides the easy reservation system of parking

Interrogator for FBG Strain Sensor

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

K.Anjali Rao | K.Ram Prasad Rao

Abstract

A structural health monitoring system (SHM) is the need of the hour because continuous monitoring of large structures is a cumbersome task. In this paper a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensing system for strain measurements is being described. Economically feasible and simple grating based FBG has been used to produce strain and induced voltage corresponding to wave length shift. The fiber optic grating sensors have been used in this research work in static operating conditions. The feasibility of using a FBG sensor system in real time monitoring of strain in an optic fiber has been demonstrated experimentally. Experimental and theoretical results showing capability of the proposed system to perform strain measurement and giving an approximate linear response are presented.

Introduction of Nuclear Physics

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th October 2017

D.Farvez Basha | 

Abstract

Every time you breathe you are taking in atoms. Oxygen atoms to be exact. These atoms react with the blood carried to every cell in your body for various reactions you need to surive. Like wise,every time you breathe out corbon di oxide atoms are released.

Investigating Biocompatibility of Laser Rapid Manufactured Porous structures of Titanium

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th December 2017

Veronica W Anthony | Manju Singh, C P Paul

Abstract

Titanium is one of the well-known materials in orthopedic and odontology due to chemical inertness, mechanical resistance, corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. In order to reduce the negative biologic response while maintaining the adequate function of an implant in the body, a suitable fabrication process is important. LRM is one of the advanced additive manufacturing processes that are capable of fabricating engineering components directly from a solid model. As a result, the fabricated structure is highly customized and expected to have biomechanical properties, which are comparable to those of autogenous tissues without any ill effects. This paper reports the cytocompatibility studies of the laser manufactured porous Ti disc in cell culture of L929 cells in-vitro using Direct contact method.

Investigation of Increased UV Absorbance, High Quenching Luminescence Efficiency of Quantum Dot Dispersed Nematic Mesogen and Its Relevance in Photonic Applications

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th May 2018

Ayushi Rastogi | Atul Srivastava, Jakub Herman, Rajiv Manohar

Abstract

The dispersion of Cd1-xZnxS/ZnS core/shell QD (x=0.85) in nematic liquid crystal into different concentrations has been examined. The spectroscopic parameters such as UV visible absorbance, Photoluminescence (PL) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectra have been observed for pristine and QD dispersed nematic system. The UV visible absorbance spectra brings to light one absorbance peak corresponding to π-π* transition. Increased UV absorbance with decreased band gap for dispersed system reveals the strong photo absorption (i.e. quenched luminescence). In the present study, the blue shift in Photoluminescence has been observed. The remarkable results have been found for 0.1% and 0.25% wt/wt QD dispersed nematic system with an average of 51.7% and 61.7% quenching in PL intensity. The existing theory provides support for our observation of quenching in PL intensity. Full width half maxima (FWHM) obtained from the Gaussian fit have been the support for the quenching in PL. The FTIR spectra explain the symmetric and asymmetric C-H stretching vibrations which confirm the quenched PL intensity. The UV visible absorbance, PL and FTIR studies have been performed in order to disclose the nature of QD dispersed nematic system. The upshot of the present study finds its relevance in the field of various display and photonic applications as well as in the photovoltaic devices.

Investigation of Oxidaizing Character of Potassium Permanganate and Mechanism of Oxidation of Monosaccharide in Acidic Medium

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Yugendra Kumar Soni | S. K. Chatterjee, K. N. Bapat

Abstract

Investigation of oxidizing character of potassium permanganate and mechanism of oxidation of monosaccharide has been done spectrophometrically by using Systronic Spectrophotometer-105 at maximum wavelength 545nm at 305K. The first order kinetics was observed with respect to the concentration of added salt. Experimental data of rate constant indicates that rate of reaction does not depends on the concentration of salt. Insignificant figure of k was measured. It has been found that carboxylic acid derivative of monosaccharide produced as a final product of the oxidation reaction

IoT based Smart Health Care

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th May 2018

B. Sravya | D. Hemalatha, Ch. Indu, A. Roja Sahithya, E. Raviteja, D. Srinivasulu, Dr.A.M.Varaprasad

Abstract

The paper introduces a new method of monitoring a patient condition and serving him according to his/her condition even from the remote areas using IOT which can provide support to emergency medical services like intensive care units. The main objective is to implement biomedical applications using IOT technology by monitoring the patient condition and sending the monitored data to doctor.Some basic parameters like temperature, heart beat, blood glucose level, ECG, EEG are monitered in this project. The patient condition is examined by using sensors and the data is analysed by using system hardware and software. At the doctor’s side we have a monitor in which we program with flash magic software to observe the patient’s data that was received through the zigbee device. Based on these measured values using the sensors we or doctor take care about the patient. The measured data is stored in internet using embeddedspot/iot website and can be used when we need. This mechanism aid the patients in an effective way and mitigates time in treating the victim by sending alert to the doctor about patient condition in case of emergency with his current status and full medical information

IOT Based Smart Real Time Monitoring Echo System

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

Adars.U | Vishnu.P.I, Arungopi,Nikhil.M

Abstract

An ecosystem, a term very often used in biology, is a community of plants and animals interacting with each other in a given area, and also with their non-living environments. Global warming and climate change have the potential to alter biological systems. As global warming alters these patterns on timescales considerably shorter than those that arose in the past from natural climate variability, relatively sudden climatic changes may challenge the natural adaptive capacity of many species. On land, rising temperatures and changes in precipitation patterns and drought frequencies are likely to alter patterns of disturbance by fires and pests. So to overcome this problem we go for smart Ecosystem techniques using IoT. This project includes various features like GPS based remote controlled monitoring, wild fire, moisture & temperature sensing, intruders scaring, security, leaf wetness and proper irrigation facilities. It makes use of wireless sensor networks for noting the soil properties and environmental factors continuously. Various sensor nodes are deployed at different locations in the Ecosystem. Controlling these parameters are through any remote device or internet services and the operations are performed by interfacing sensors, Wi-Fi, camera with microcontroller. This concept is created as a product and given to the conservation of Ecosystem

Is Plastics Bad?

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 3rd October 2017

Pema Choden Bhutia | 

Abstract

We use plastics in a number of objects and it brings up the question, how much damage or cost does it create and where? This study maps harmful effects of plastic waste on environment, animals, humans and marine environment. It also lists few countries playing a major role to combat plastic waste pollution. The paper concludes with few suggestions on the ways to decrease its waste, junk or trash

Isolation of Medicinally Important Compounds From Selected Mangrove Plant Leaves

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

D.Divya | Dr.G.Simhachalam, Dr.N.S. Sampath Kumar., Beaulah

Abstract

This Paper examines the recent investigations on the biological activities of extracts and chemicals identified from mangroves. It describes how people have and are using mangroves on a traditional basis. It also describes the world's mangrove resources and products, in terms of their economical importance, medicinal values and other uses and functions. The economical uses of products from mangrove ecosystems are many and varied. Traditionally, the mangroves have been exploited for firewood and charcoal. Mangrove Ecosystems play an important role in preventing cyclones and tsunamis at estuaries from entering into interior land and in the economic development of local inhabitants. Mangrove plants have special adaptations such as stilt roots, viviparous germination, salt-excreting leaves, breathing roots, knee roots by which these plants survive in water logged anaerobic saline soils. The study of mangrove ecosystems in the deltaic region of Krishna river, particularly extracts and chemicals from mangroves are used mainly in folkloric medicine despite such enormous potential; remarkably few reports are available on these species regarding their biological activities and the active principles responsible for such activities. Though some chemical studies have been made on the mangrove plant leaves of this estuary,

Isolation, Screening and Optimization of Microbial Cellulase

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Rahul G Badgha | Ruby E Jalgaonwala

Abstract

Cellulase enzymes are biological molecules that act as a catalyst and help complex reaction to occur. Now day significant attentions have been devoted to the current knowledge of cellulase production and challenges in cellulase research especially in the direction of improving the process economics of various industries.Having potential application in various industries including pulp and paper, textile, food and laundry industries. Enzyme cellulase cause hydrolysis of the individual cellulose fibers to break it into smaller sugars units and finally producing glucose molecules. The cellulase producing bacteria were isolated from paper industry waste. A total of 9 isolates were obtained by the qualitative screening technique. Isolates coded PP-1 and PP-2 were efficient cellulase producers with specific enzyme activity of 181mU/ml and 189mU/ml respectively.Organism coded PP-2 gives maximum enzyme activity when characterized for pH, temperature, carbon and nitrogen sources.As pH 7.0,temperature 37˚C, fructose andammonium phosphate as best carbon and nitrogen source. PP-2 counts to be best cellulase producer among the rest 9 isolates, having optimum growth condition between pH 5-7 and temperature 30˚C – 40˚C. Potent isolate was characterized on the basis of morphological, structural, biochemical test and partially identified as Bacillus Sp. with the help of Bergey’sManual of systematic bacteriology

It and Its Impact and Business Management

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Dr.V.Suryanarayana | M.Sarala,Prof.Karimella Vikram

Abstract

Information technology (IT) is dramatically changing the business landscape. Although organization cultures and business strategies shape the use of IT in organizations, more often the influence is stronger the other way round. IT significantly affects strategic options and creates opportunities and issues that managers need to address in many aspects of their business. This page outlines some of the key impacts of technology and the implications for management Business strategy - collapsing time and distance, enabling Electronic Commerce Organization Culture - encouraging the free flow of information Organization Structures - making Networking and Virtual Corporation a reality Management Processes - providing support for complex decision making processes Work - dramatically changing the nature of professional, and now managerial workplace - allowing work from home and on the move, as in Telework.

Kinetic Study of Catalytic Oxidation of Sugar by Potassium Permanganate in Acidic Medium

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Yugendra Kumar Soni | S. K. Chatterjee,K. N. Bapat

Abstract

The kinetics of oxidation of sucrose with potassium permanganate is studied spectrophotometrically by using systronic visible Spectrophotometer-105 at 545 maximum wavelength. First order rate of reaction has been studied with respect to concentration of oxidant, substrate, H2SO4 in presence of Hg (II) . The effect of salt does not affect rate of the reaction in absence of catalyst . This result shows that molecular species are responsible for formation of final product in rate determining step. when concentration of sucrose increases then rate of reaction increases. Same result obtained in case of increasing the concentration of oxidant also it has been observed that rate of reaction increases by increasing the concentration of catalyst .Rate law of the reaction and suitable mechanism of the reaction is predicted for the current research work.

Kinetic, Thermodynamic and Equilibrium Studies On the Removal of Malachite Green (Mg) Dyes by Adsorption On to Low Cost ACQNC Adsorbent

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

A. Christy Rani | S.Arivoli, N.Ingarsal

Abstract

The present work deals with adsorption of Malachite Green (MG) dyes carried out in the presence of Activated Cissus Quadrangularis Stem Nano Carbon (ACQNC). Various parameters like the effect of initial concentration, contact time, dose of adsorbent, temperature and pH were also studied. The result shows that when the amount of adsorbent increases, the percentage removal of dye increases. The applicability of Freundlich adsorption and Langmuir adsorption isotherm had also been tested. Adsorption kinetic data have been tested using pseudo second order, intra-particles models and the Elovich model. The thermodynamics parameter such as ΔG0 ΔH0 and ΔS0 were calculated. The adsorption capacities of Activated Cissus Quadrangularis Stem Nano Carbon (ACQNC) were calculated using batch process

Laboratory Experimentation of Foundry Waste for Potential Utilization In Pavements

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Anal Sheth | BhargavTewar, Anand Mistry

Abstract

Foundry sand is a waste material of the metal industry but can be suitably used as a construction material for civil engineering applications. Foundry industries in India are inclined to dispose of this waste in a sustainable and environment friendly manner. This paper presents a study wherein the feasibility of utilizing four types of foundry wastes as construction materials for pavement subsurface courses, was evaluated through laboratory experimentation. The laboratory study was first carried out for testing the properties of the four types of wastes. These waste properties were then compared with the traditional fill material and against the existing recommendations laid by the Indian standards. Few shortfalls were identified for the case of total replacement of the traditional material with foundry wastes; therefore blends of the fill material with foundry wastes were prepared and the researchers tried to evaluate the case of partial replacement with foundry wastes. This resulted in desirable and improved properties and therefore a blend ratio was recommended based on the laboratory results. The study indicates that a foundry waste, which is no longer recyclable in the industry, can be utilized for construction of pavements, and thus sustainably disposed.

Laminar flow of electrically conducting non- Newtonian power – law fluid past a stretching flat surface in the presence of thermal dispersion using spectral relaxation method

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Uma maheswara rao K | G.Koteswara rao

Abstract

In this present study, a numerical investigation has been carried out to discuss the steady, two dimensional laminar flow of heat and mass transfer of electrically conducting non-Newtonian power law fluid in the presence of thermal dispersion. The flow is induced by a stretching flat surface. The solutions of the transformed nonlinear equations have been obtained by using Spectral Relaxation Method (SRM) and the results are validated by comparison with numerical approximations obtained using the Matlab in-built boundary value problem solver bvp4c, and with existing results available in literature. The results are presented graphically and discussed for various resulting parameters. The rate of heat and mass transfer become larger for shear thinning

Lean Six Sigma Prioritization of Green Electro Chemical Machining using ANP

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Sevak Ram Dansena | Harsh Kumar Pandey, Vikas Swarnakar, Narendra Kumar Patel

Abstract

This paper presents a methodology for Lean Six Sigma (LSS) Prioritization of Green Electro Chemical Machining (GECM). Lean Six Sigma (LSS) provides collective profit of waste elimination as well as defects reduction from manufacturing sector. Priortization of GECM in the perspective of Lean Six Sigma is a typical Multi Criteria Decision Making(MCDM) problem. Analytical Netwrk Process (ANP) methodogoly comes under MCDM tools and used as solution methodology for this problem. In this contest simple scale is used for prioritizing Green ECM. In this paper five dimension and 15 criteria are used for priorizing GECM, based on computation using ANP, alternative (A1) is found to be the best solution. Efforts are being taken for deployment of the selected Green Electro Chemical LSS project. A case study conducted in an Indian auto component manufacturing organization is illustrated

Left Singularity and Left Regularity in near Idempotent Γ – Semi group

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th September 2018

M. Parvathi Banu | D.Radha

Abstract

In this paper, left singularity and left regularity in a near-idempotent – semigroup are defined. In a nearidempotent – semigroup a is left singular and it is also proved that every class in a near-idempotent – semigroup is left (right) singular if and only if S is left (right) regular. - class is defined and proved that it is a near null semigroup. Also a b for all a,b in S and ab= a in a left singular near-idempotent – semigroup. Any nearidempotent – semigroup is left regular if and only if = and right regular if = . Also any near idempotent – semigroup is near-commutative if = . Any near-commutative – semigroup is near commutative if only and only if it is both left and right regular.

Linezolid A Drug of Choice for Treatment of Skin and Soft Tissue Infections Caused By Methicillin Resistance Staphylococcus Aureus

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th October 2017

Avneet Kaur Heyar |  Amarjit Kaur Gill, Prabhjot Kaur Gill

Abstract

Linezolid is a drug of choice for the treatment of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. However, resistance to this antibiotic have been reported. This study has been conducted to determine linezolid resistance among MRSA. A descriptive study was conducted in microbiology department. In the present study a total of 150 Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) were subjected to antibiotic susceptibility test by Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method as per CLSI guidelines. The detection of MRSA was done by cefoxitin disc (30μg) and linezolid disc (30μg) was included to detect its susceptibility. The prevalence MRSA was reported as 73 (48.7%) and linezolid and vancomycin were found to be 100% sensitive in the present study. The sensitivity against penicillin was found to be the lowest i.e. 7.3%. It could be concluded from the findings of the present study that linezolid is still the preferred drug for the treatment of infections caused by MRSA.

Literature and Society: How Literature reflects society

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd August 2018

S. Keerthika | 

Abstract

Literature exhibits or in other words is the mirror of the society. It plays an exceptionally important role right from the history. Basically Literature reflects human activity in that particularly society. Literature helps to expose societal realities. Most of the works in literature deals with the social issues in detail which helps people to realize the truth and think it in a different view than the people who don’t show their face to literature. It have a unique function in shaping and teaching society at huge. Literature carries the real events in the society and presents it as a mirror of the society so that people can view it and atone wherever it is necessary. Understanding how literature persuades the person and how it is reflective of individual’s society is something that should be given more consideration and thought. Shakespeare in Hamlet holds the view that the purpose of literature is “to hold the mirror up to nature”. Here the word nature indicates the broad spectrum of human nature.

Literature: A Sustaining force of Knowledge Systems in Society -A Historical Overview

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2018

Anoop V S | 

Abstract

Literature is a carrier of knowledge systems. It is an artistic form of human life. The literature is the true reflection of Society. All happenings in society are reflected in literature in one form or another. The word meaning of literature is the art of writing books in different forms like poetry, plays, stories, prose, and fiction etc. Literature is a sustaining force of cultures, traditions, beliefs and values etc. The realms of literature are always rich and varied. The literature broadens our perspectives on the world. It is one of the arts that allow us to move beyond the inevitable boundaries of our own lives and culture for sake of humanity. All happenings in society are reflected in literature in one form or another. Literature is a sustaining force of cultures, traditions, beliefs, values, inventions, discoveries in a society that constitute knowledge system. This paper is an attempt to examine such role of literature.

Low-Power VLSI Design Strategies and Its Involvement with New Techniques

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th December 2017

P. Sayanna | 

Abstract

The significant goal of this approach is to outline another circuit with low-control utilization, which is more productive and clever for offering help to most recent innovations and developments, for example, compact handsets, cell phones, callingtablets, portable PCs/PCs and some more. In electronic-space, low-control wordings are most astounding needs, control exhaustment is a standout amongst the most essential focus in measuring up to with speed-and-execution' of VLSI chips. The significant difficulties' available into the planning of low-control VLSI chips resemble: size and similarity and power go down. Another real issue emerge while outlining the circuit of low-control VLSI configuration is budgetary viewpoint, that is taken a toll savvy reducements are required to make such gadgets. For control upkeep plot, spillage/spillage current in like manner accepts a basic part in low power VLSI designs. Spillage/spillage current is transforming into an obviously indispensable piece of the total power dissipating of facilitated circuits. This framework depicts about the diverse systems, approaches and in addition control organization plans for low power circuits and structures. For all the whole arrangement of low-control outlining of VLSI chips ensures that the cos lessening and versatility of gadget with appropriate power administration plans. Future troubles that must be met to plots low power predominant circuits are similarly discussed

Lung Cancer Detection using Log-Gabor Filter Banks

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th August 2017

Rupali Mali | Dr. S. B. Bagal

Abstract

Lung cancer is the foremost reason of deaths due to cancer disease around the world. As per the report of the World Health Organization (WHO) near about 10 million patients in the world will be deceased because of lung cancer by 2030. Timely inhibition of lung tumor plays an imperative role for survival assistance enhancements. By following the notion that heavy investigation of radiographic imageries can apprise and enumerate the microenvironment and the degree of tumor level heterogeneity for personalized medicine, examination of huge numbers of image features extracted from computed tomography (CT). The focus is on high throughput that can apprehend spatial and temporal genetic heterogeneity in a without operating the patient, which preferred over intrinsic biopsy based molecular assays method. The lung cancer detection is valuable for ongoing medical research and computer-assisted diagnosis of lung cancer. In this paper, we have presented lung cancer detection algorithm that yields possible location of tumor in the lung. The algorithmic steps comprises of histogram equalization of the CT scan image followed by log- Gabor filter bank processing to enhance the CT scan image. Subsequently the image is dilated using gradient mask and after border clearing, the location of possible tumor is detected. This algorithm gives accurate results on publically shared CT scan images

Magnetization Studies of Aqueous Plasma Synthesized FeCu Micro-particles

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Naidu Seetala | Deidre Henderson, Alexander Ulrich,Chester Wilson

Abstract

Aqueous plasma techniques were used to synthesize FeCu micro-particles for the use as precursor particles for 3D printing to make miniature transformers. The magnetic properties of FeCu with five different compositions (1:0, 4:1, 1:1, 1:4 , and 0:1) were studied using VSM. Both magnetization and coercivity increased with Fe content as expected. The particle size and elemental composition were studies using SEM and EDX analysis, which were used to estimate magnetization values. The average particle size is around 0.5 μm obtained from SEM and composition from EDX of 100% Cu sample showed almost all Cu was oxidized and the EDX of 100% Fe showed some Fe was oxidized during aqueous plasma process. For all other compositions, the amount of oxygen found in EDX analysis was first accounted for oxidation of Cu. The balance was then used to oxidize part of Fe into the most stable compound, Fe2O3, and the rest of Fe was considered to be in pure metal form. Using the composition of Fe and Fe2O3 and their bulk saturation magnetization values, the expected magnetization were estimated for all compositions. The estimated magnetization values are much higher than the experimental values for all compositions. In accounting for the difference, 10% can be accounted for the particle size as surveyed from the literature, however the experimental results showed a difference of more than 10%. This could be as a result of the superparamagnetic nature at sub-micron/nano-size particles and the coercivity dependence on percent Cu suggests an exchange coupling between Fe and Fe2O3 magnetic phases within particles.

Management Techniques for ESL Learners Through Apps

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th September 2017

Dr. R.K.Jaishree Karthiga | Mrs. Parinita Sinha

Abstract

Language is the medium of communicating one’s feelings, emotions, thoughts and ideas. In a language, communication can be done effectively through the four basic skills – Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing (LSRW). Here, the productive skills such as Speaking and Writing are more essential for a man to communicate effectively, whereas receptive skills such as Listening and Reading are the background skills which are useful for a learner to be competent in productive skills. One should affirm himself in all these four skills, but for an ESL Learner in the country like India needs speaking skills as the most required skill for better communication. In the present scenario, India has grown much in the field of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Application Software (Apps) is the milestone in the ICT field. Mobile-Assisted Language Learning (MALL) becomes smarter and also there are plenty of APPS, provided by various companies and organizations to improve English speaking skill. This paper will analyze the usage of an app in enhancing the competence of the ESL learners’ speaking skill.

Marketing of Agricultural Produce: Exploring a unique solution to agriculture crisis in Punjab

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th October 2017

Hansdeep Kaur | Vikram Sandhu, Gursimranjit Singh

Abstract

This paper examines the hitch regarding the marketing of agricultural produce, Commission agents and procurement agencies of the agriculturally developed Punjab by addressing some possible and realistic ways to tackle agriculture crisis, as agriculture in Punjab is going through turbulent time and striving hard for sustainability. Although production, processing and marketing are the 3 pillars of the agricultural economy but marketing of agricultural produce is still evolving in Indian society and facing various challenges. The agriculture crisis in Punjab is very much evident by increase in farmer’s suicide.

Masterpieces of Literature: A Mirror on Darkness

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Muzifar Yousuf | 

Abstract

Darkness of any society has been mirrored through literature from times immemorial; across the world by different insightful writers. However, in this particular research paper the whole literature cannot be assessed but evaluates some works of literature to justify the credence of the title. The literary works which are analyzed here have milieus in different countries, particularly India, England and America written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Joseph Conrad, Mulk Raj Anand, Arundhati Roy and Aravind Adiga. In this context; it is evaluated that caste system of Indian society is found to have its inherent weakness which rendered it unjust and exploitative over a period of time, giving rise to social injustices, disabilities and inequalities among a vast majority of the people. It gave birth to the division of society while promoting disunity and caste prejudices. The caste system was based on birth rather than individual talent and vocational choice. So, this created many disabilities for the talented individuals belonging to the lower castes. Therefore, the age-old evil of casteism has cast its grey shadow on the future of lower caste. It has been aggravated by narrow scope of its economic growth. This socio-economic destitute almost closes to it; the door of any political hope except using right to vote. Even the modern pollution has rendered the Indian society very ugly so for its depiction through literature is concerned. Infact, with the passage of time, its condition has worsened. All policies of reform have fallen far short of their goal. The urban population is enjoying the benefits of modern world after a fashion. But the rural life is lost in darkness. Besides, the Indian works of literature, in case of the European ones it is found that there the depiction has basis on distorted version of morality, inhuman relationships, social waywardness, moral erosion and so on.

Mathematical Modelling of Blood Glucose Level by Glucose Tolerance Test

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th December 2017

Venkatesha P | S. Abilash, Abhishek S Shreyakar, Ayana Chandran

Abstract

A complete description of the response of man to large doses of glucose involves the use of more than sixteen rate constants the response of blood-glucose concentration (G) as a function of time (t) can be represented adequately by an equation involving only four constants in the equation: G=G0+Ae−αt sin ωt. The values of these four constants are defined by the four measurements usually made in an ordinary glucose-tolerance test. A new mathematical model for Blood Glucose Regulatory System(BGRS) which includes epinephrine as a third variable in the form, Y˙ = AY, and whose solution has been analyzed for equilibrium and stability to provide the blood glucose concentrations for diabetics and non-diabetics. The glucose-insulin the regulatory system in relation to diabetes is given, enhanced with a survey on available software. The models are in the form of ordinary differential, partial differential, delay differential and integrodifferential equations. The human body needs continuous and stable glucose supply for maintaining its biological functions. Stable glucose supply comes from the homeostatic regulation of the blood glucose level, which is controlled by various glucose consuming or producing organs. Commonly observed combinations of parameter values, the coupled model would not admit equilibrium and the concentration of active insulin in the “distant” compartment would be predicted to increase without bounds. For comparison, a simple delay-differential model is introduced, is demonstrated to be globally asymptotically stable around a unique equilibrium point corresponding to the pre-bolus conditions, and is shown to have positive and bounded solutions for all times

Mathematical Modelling of Population Growth

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th December 2017

Venkatesha P | G.BlessySachy Eunice, Akshaya B., Arya Kumari S

Abstract

We cannot have a sustainable planet without stabilizing population. As human population increase, humans demand resources like water, land, trees, and energy. Unfortunately, the price of all this “increase and demand” is paid for by the other endangered plants, animals, and natural resources in an increasingly volatile and dangerous climate. This necessitates a mathematical model to predict the future population in terms of growth rate and population figures with reasonably virtuous accuracy. Mathematics is one of the languages of sciences, Mathematical models can predict the behavior of systems based on physics, chemistry, biology etc. There are certain mathematical models to effectively predict economic and social systems including the population growth. The present work deals with mathematical modeling of population growth using exponential and logistic growth model, which is nothing but the differential equations, with which we can study the changes in the size of populations through time, which helps us predict the population of a certain place at a certain time. The prediction is compared with the actual population of the past, based on the model which predicts the population with better accuracy, which can be used to predict the growth rate of the future population.

Mathematical Modelling Of Predator-Prey Equations

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th December 2017

Venkatesha P | Brunda.S, Dhanush.N, Ambresh.V

Abstract

The paper intends theoretical and mathematical aspects of the known predator-prey problem that are considered by relaxing the assumptions that interaction of a predation leads to little or no effect on the growth of the prey population and the prey growth rate parameter is a positive valued function of time. Prototypes may lead to the most engrossing and conspicuous mathematical result but only those prototypes are endurable which can expound envision or regulate the milieus. A variation method is used to build a numerical solution by differential equations. The dependence of amplitude and a frequency of damped vibrations on parameters characterizing the mobility of species is estimated. Derivations and simulation studies are provided in the paper. Analysis of equilibrium points and stability is also included

Mathematical Modelling Of Traffic Flow on Highway

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th December 2017

Venkatesha P | Ajith.M, Abhijith Patil, Dhamini.T

Abstract

This paper intends a mathematical model for the study of traffic flow on the highways. This paper develops a discrete velocity mathematical model in spatially homogeneous conditions for vehicular traffic along a multilane road. The effect of the overall interactions of the vehicles along a given distance of the road was investigated. We also observed that the density of cars per mile affects the net rate of interaction between them. A mathematical macroscopic traffic flow model known as light hill, Whitham and Richards (LWR) model appended with a closure non-linear velocity-density relationship yielding a quasi-linear first order (hyperbolic) partial differential equation as an initial boundary value problem (IBVP) was considered. The traffic model IBVP is a finite difference method which leads to a first order explicit upwind by difference scheme was discretized.

Measuring Customer Satisfaction in Public Sector and Private Sector Banks: With Special Reference To Banks of Tamilnadu

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd August 2018

Sajan Kumar.V | 

Abstract

Today, banking is regarded as a consumer-oriented services industry and banks have started realizing that their business increasingly depends on the quality of the consumer service provided and overall satisfaction of the customer. Relationship marketing has become the most critical aspect to corporate banking success. Today, customers expect higher quality services from banks which, if fulfilled, could result in significantly improved customer satisfaction, and potentially retention levels. This empirical research study focuses on customer satisfaction in public and private sector banking in tamilnadu. It is hoped that this research paper would help the bank management not only in improving the overall level of customer satisfaction but also strengthening the bond between the banks and their customers, thereby helping the banks to retain and/or expand their overall customer bas

Mechanistic Evaluation of Allelopathic Potential of Nyctanthes Arbor – Tristis on Cell Division and Growth of Onion Root Bulb (Allium cepa l.)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 14th November 2018

Dr. Shelmi Antony | Dr.Benny P J

Abstract

Our previous studies have reported the allelopathic potential of Nyctanthes arbor – tristis leaves (Antony S. and P.J. Benny, 2017) and isolated a semi-purified fraction MN F10 with very significant allelopathic activity (Antony S. et al., 2018). Different concentrations of MN F10 were used to determine its allelopathic potential in relation to the cell division and root growth of Allium cepa L. The allelochemical present in this fraction induced a considerable reduction in growth and cell division of roots of the treated onions. The mitotic index was also found to be very low. The results revealed the mechanism of action of allelochemical present in Nyctanthes arbor –tristis, which necessitates further studies to test its allelopathic effect under field condition and efficacy in the soil.

Mergers and Acquisitions in the Indian Pharmaceutical Sector: Trends, Sample Study, and Financial Analysis of Pre and Post Merge

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th March 2018

Hetanshi Shah | 

Abstract

To maximize the wealth of Shareholders, companies opt for either organic or inorganic expansion strategy. Prior to 1991, strict control regime compelled Indian companies to choose internal (or organic) growth strategy. However, with the onset of LPG (Liberalization, Privatization, And Globalization) policies, and amendments in MRTP(the Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices) Act, Income Tax Act, and Takeover Code, a paradigm shift was witnessed in external (or inorganic) growth strategies like Mergers and Acquisitions. This paper aims to identify the principal functioning of the waves of Mergers and Acquisitions in India post 1991 reforms. The primary focus is to review the trends of M&As in the light of pharmaceutical industry as it demonstrate innumerable Mergers and Acquisitions during the aforementioned period. Further, M&As in Pharmaceutical Sectors are classified on the basis of Ownership Pattern of Merged and Merging entity, Size of Acquirer and target firms, and Type of merger. Moreover, this paper also presents Case Studies of two renowned pharmaceutical Mergers, Sun Pharma-Ranbaxy and Lupin-Gavis, to discern synergy arising out of merger activity. By virtue of Merger, benefits like Tax Considerations, increased market penetration or diverse product portfolio, gained by acquiring and Target Firms, have also been enumerated. Lastly, a comprehensive Pre and Post merger Ratio analysis of the above mentioned companies have been conducted to identify the impact on the overall financial performance of the merged entity. Tools like mean, standard deviation and p-value have been used to conclude whether there is a significant or massive change in financial performance of a merged company due to merger

Methanotrophs- Role in Environmental Engineering Specific to Reversal of Global Warming

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ch.M.Kumari ChitturiS | J. P. Jeevana Lakshmi,D.Hymavathi

Abstract

Methanotrophs are members of Archaebacteria that play an important role in mitigation of climate change by reducing methane emissions from landfills and geothermal power stations. Two types of methanotrophs are existent in nature – high capacity methanotrophs and low capacity methanotrophs. Methane monooxygenase enzyme produced by these organisms plays a major role in utilization of methane as a sole source of carbon and energy. Two types of monooxygenases have been isolated from methanotrophs -soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) and particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO).Cells with pMMO expressed high affinity for methane than sMMO producing cells. Methane gas is harmful to environment as it a potential greenhouse gas and is produced due to several anthropogenic activities. Methane is 72 times more potent than carbon dioxide in trapping heat in a period of 20 years. Hence formulation of new strategies is essential in environmental engineering by exploiting methanotrophs for reversal of global warming.

Microbeads- Treatment on Waste Water

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Jesvin John Jacob | Jebin V John, Anto Bab

Abstract

Microbeads are solid plastic particles of less than five millimetres in their large dimension, which are frequently made of polyethylene but can be of other petrochemical plastics such as polypropylene and polystyrene. These microbeads are produced from exfoliating personal care products, toothpaste which is washed down the drain can pass unfiltered through the sewage treatment plants that makes their way into rivers and canals which result in plastic particle water pollution. These beads can absorb and concentrate pollutants on their surface, and thereby carry the pollutants. The study says that 5000-95000 microbeads are released into the environment with every single use of personal care product in which 35000 tons of micro plastic are from the cosmetic products. It constitutes 0.1-4% of the total plastic pollution. The rate 0.95 million tons per annum are dumped into the oceans which have a huge impact on the marine environment and to fisheries. In this paper, we try to understand the effectiveness of coagulation (Nano clay and moringa), Adsorption (activated carbon, Carbon nanotubes), Ion-Exchange (Nano clay and resins) and membrane filtration (Nano membranes) in the separation or removal of microbeads and to come with a technology for the treatment of microbeads contaminated water.

Microbial Association with Light Emission; Emitting Microbes

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th January 2018

Abha Tiwari | U.K. Chauhan

Abstract

Mechanism of luminescence is a chemical reaction that produces brightness in the fire. Living organisms including certain bacteria are capable of luminescence. Bacteria are the most abundant luminescent organisms in nature. Bacterial luminescence is due to the action of the enzyme called luciferase. Other interesting features of marine microorganisms are having their ability to survive at low temperatures and high salinity. The emission of light is a result of the enzymatic activity and biochemical of the living organism (Malave & Orengo et al.,2010). While the luminescence (lux) genes of symbiotic V. fischeri have been shown to be highly induced within the crypts, the role of these genes in the initiation and persistence of the symbiosis. We including genetic elements that allow recombination with the host, the lux DNA can also be integrated into the bacterial genome. Interaction of the two fusion proteins results in energy transfer from the bioluminescent molecule to the fluorescent molecule, with a concomitant change from blue light to green light (Angers et al. 2000). In this review we had discussed Bioluminescence emission of different patterns as flashes (Fireflies, Squids), continuous glow (Bacteria, fungi), blinking (Bacteria), wavy (sea pansy, Renilla), and switched on and off the system (Anglerfishes). Although bacterial luciferases, particularly from V. harveyi and X. luminescens, are quite stable the fused luciferase cannot fold efficiently at 37°C (Ulitzurs, & Kuhnj, 2006).Bioluminescence property of these different microbes may also be used in different fields also.

Microwave-assisted extraction of total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant activities from Yellow bell flowers

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th June 2018

Kroraphin Songkrut | Chutimon Satirapipathkul

Abstract

An efficient microwave –assisted extraction (MAE) technique was developed to extract total phenolics content (TPC) from Yellow bell flowers. The optimal extraction conditions were as follows: methanol concentration 50%v/v; temperature, 60 °C; extraction time, 2 min. At this condition, maximum TPC (0.610 mg gallic acid equivalents/g dry). The condition that maximum total phenolic content was the same as the conditions that maximum antioxidant activity DPPH (0.361 mg TE equivalents/g dry).

Mitigation measures for Alpha radiation effects on flight hardware

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th February 2018

Jignesh Patel | Nikhil Lakhanpal

Abstract

At 40000 feet in the air, there is continuous bombarding of alpha radiation from the sun on flight hardware.Since the integrity of data in storage systems is critical, there needs to be a way to make sure that data stored on Flash memory is correct each time the data is accessed. Although there are error correction codes to handle that, they do at most times handle only on bit correction

MN and Co, Metal-organic frameworks for hydrogen gas(energy) storage and heavy metal ion sensor application for clean environment

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 9th January 2018

Krishnamurthy G | Omkaramurthy B M, Sangeetha S

Abstract

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are the fascinating porous materials, which are constructed by the linkage of metal ions and organic ligands. The MOFs have interesting visual structures and topological features with wide potential applications in heterogeneous catalysis, energy (H2 gas) storage, ion sensor, bimolecular sensor, etc. We, in this work, have presented on the MOF materials for clean energy (H2 fuel storage) material and Cd2+ ion sensing application. The Mn-MOF,[C15H7Mn1 .5N2O6] and Co- MOF [(Co(H2O)5NO2).18C12H24O6] is synthesized by a solvothermal route. The prepared products were characterized by Single crystal X-ray diffraction (SXRD), Powder Xray diffraction(PXRD), FTIR spectroscopy and Field emission Scanning electron microscopy(FE-SEM). The high energy storage (super capacitance) of the synthesized Mn-MOFs was evaluated using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge/ discharge measurements. The Co- MOF electrode has shown the electrochemical sensing property towards Cd2+ ion in an aqueous medium. Mn-MOFs lead to an inherent increase in conductivity and specific capacitance from 133 Fg-1 to 808 Fg-1 . These values demonstrate the better show of all the Mn-MOFs material for energy (H2 gas) storage application and Co-MOFs for toxic (heavy) metal sensor applications.

Model Fitting and Kinetic Approach To Sorption of Lead Ion Using Plum Stone Powder

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th July 2017

Priyanka Lahot | DP Tiwari

Abstract

Adsorption of lead ion from aqueous solution on adsorbent is studied. Adsorbent used after chemical treatment for all study at room temperature. Study describe influence of various parameters initial metal ion concentration, pH. Kinetics behavior studied by pseudo second order and Elovich equation. According to pseudo second order process follows chemisorptions. Isotherm adsorption studied by Temkin adsorption isotherm that shows adsorbate-adsorbent bonding.

Modelling and analysis of Geom/GI/1/K Queue With Finite Number of Vacations

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th August 2017

K . Sikdar | K . Anitha

Abstract

Discrete-time queueing models have gained prominence in recent years due to its wide applications. These have received much interest due to the emerging broadband integrated services digital network(B-ISDN) which provides the transfer of messages in the form of video, voice and data through high speed local area networks (LAN). The asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) is adopted as the network transport technique in the implementation of B-ISDN. In this paper, we deliberate a finite buffer discrete-time Geo/G/1 queue where the server takes finite number of at most L (≥0) vacations. The server takes vacations whenever the system is empty. After the vacation, the server checks out the system whether to resume the service or to go for another vacation or to be dormant. In this system, jobs arrive according to Bernoulli process and service, vacation times are arbitrarily distributed. We adopt the supplementary variable method and the imbedded Markov chain techniques to attain the queue length distributions at the service completion, vacation termination and arbitrary epochs. The analysis of actual waiting time under the First-Come-First-Served (FCFS) queueing discipline is also carried out. The objective of this paper is to create awareness and better utilization of the queueing theories involved in the analysis of a discrete-time model with at most L vacations

Models of Employee Engagement: Catering Different Needs of Different Businesses

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th February 2018

Dipti Kanwar | Dr. Vijeta Soni,Dr. Pooja Sharma

Abstract

The paper titled “Models of employee engagement: Catering different needs of different businesses” is a review paper. Based on the thoughtful study of literature, the researcher concluded that employee engagement has become an important topic in recent years. Researches based on employee engagement carried out all over the globe, unanimously concluded that it is employee engagement which predicts financial gains, better performance, increased profits and overall organizational success. In each and every organization there exist various factors that determine engagement of employees in their jobs. The engagement levels of employees in any organization are identified by individual as well as organizational factors. The factors leading to engagement or disengagement are very well illustrated by models of engagement. These models demonstrate the factors which help to identify whether an employee is engaged in his/her work or not, if is engaged, then to what extent engagement is there and if there is lack of engagement, then how the gap can be mended.

Moringa oleifera: A medicinal Super food

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th October 2017

Suma P | Shoghil R, Shilpa URS, Aswini J, Rajeshwari C.U

Abstract

Moringa oleifera plant is beginning to gain more popularity as a new “super food” for its highly nutritious profile and powerful anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and tissue protective properties among many other health benefits. Moringa oleifera is known as “Drumstick tree” or “Benzoil tree”. It has enormous benefits which is proven scientifically around the world. Moringa oleifera is a valuable food crop with highly nutritive value. It is well known as a “Miracle Tree” mainly for its prominent pharmaceutical and beneficial effects on human health. It is widely used as an antioxidant, antidiabetic, antimicrobial and anticancer agent all over the world. Moringa oleifera never becomes rancid & hence used in the manufacture of perfumes. The extra.ct from its leaves is well known galactagogue and also used to treat malnutrition.

Multi-Keyword Ranked Search over Encrypted Cloud Data Using Bloom Filters and Blind Storage

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th June 2018

Sana Shaikh | Khan Rahat Afreen

Abstract

Today most organizations prefer to outsource their data on cloud. The outsourced documents and files should be encrypted because of the protection and secrecy worries of their proprietor. As a large amount of data from various clients is getting accumulated on cloud, this raises the issue of security and privacy to its proprietors. Data being large, quick efficient and authorized search is a challenge. An efficient multi-keyword ranked search scheme is proposed in this paper that is able to address the aforementioned problems. Bloom filters are used to enhance search duration. Relevance scoring technique is used to generate ranking results in view of the top-k precision. Inside of this framework, we implemented the blind storage technique to cover access pattern of the search user. Till now the search authorization problem was not considered, that is the cloud server only has to return the search results to authorized users. In this paper, we propose an authorized and ranked multi-keyword search scheme over encrypted cloud data. Identity Based-authentication is used for authentication with AES for encryption. As a result, information leakage can be eliminated and data security is ensured. Security and performance analysis show that the proposed scheme can achieve much improved efficiency in terms of accuracy, search time and security compared with the search algorithm used in EMRS i.e Efficient Multi-keyword Rank Search scheme

Multilateral Aspects of International Economic Offences in Globalized Economy: An Indian Outlook

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st July 2017

Husain Ahsan | Kushal Bothra

Abstract

The term ‘Economic Offence’ determines the crimes which are of economic and financial character. With the advent of industrialization and corporate matrix, the paramount standard of ethics and morality faced dearth in favor of power, money and materials in almost every sphere of economic activities which gave thriving rise to a disease called ‘Corruption’. The economic offenses such as counterfeiting of currency, money laundering, financial scams evoke serious concern and impact on nation’s security and governance resulting in moral turpitude of the state. These offenses not only shamble the economic growth but also create social disparity in the society hindering the comprehensive growth and stratum. In order to reinstate the faith of en masse, stringent actions have become a necessity. Due to financial backing and political bolstering from dominant & affluent class the actions become null and void. Merely discourse will not reconcile the egregious economic state rather it will create an economic utopia. The Economic offenses are noxious for the growth of developing economies as it will cease the inflow of foreign investments from the developed nations. In Toto, this will create a rift between the countries across the globe. A strategy needs to be excogitated. Industrial lobbying inter alia is a cause of great concern as it is primarily affecting the economic framework of the state giving birth to the economic offense. Vide traditional doctrinal research method; this paper seeks to present multifaceted aspects that are infused in the economy which gave birth to a destructive creation. An attempt will be made to scan up the domestic logjam covering international legal, social and economic aspects. This paper also attempts to examine the role of international agencies in curbing the economic crimes globally.

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) As Renewable Energy Source

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Jagdish Lambe | Ravindra Chougule

Abstract

With rapid economic growth and massive urbanization, India faces the problem of municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal and the pressing need for development of alternative energy. Waste-to-energy (WTE), which recovers energy from discarded MSW and produces electricity and/or steam for heating, is recognized as a renewable source of energy and is playing an increasingly important role in MSW management in India. Energy from waste offers recovery of energy by conversion of non-recyclable materials through various processes including thermal and non-thermal technologies. Energy that is produced in the form of electricity, heat or fuel using combustion, pyrolization, gasification or anaerobic digestion is clean and renewable energy, with reduced carbon emissions and minimal environmental impact than any other form of energy

MY HEALTH CARE Complete Health Care Services (App)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 9th January 2018

Dr. Harishchandra S Bidnoorkar | 

Abstract

Today’s lifestyle of an ordinary to extraordinary life become so faster, in this scientific world we have many facilities to use for safeguarding our life, one among them is Heath care service app it helps you from the so many rescuers because no one can predict what may happen in next moments because today’s diseases are so complicated and unpredictable e.g. Heart attack, (Cardiac arrest) Trauma care (Casualty) Accident cases, Gynecology, Gastrologer or cancer, Burning issues or so many other problems. Healthcare app is available on any smart mobile or internet to download this app and start taking these services. We strive to constantly meet all your healthcare requirements. Here is a collection of unique value added services that we offer to you. We hope they prove beneficial to you. After downloading this app by any person, the home page has two main services like, EMERGENCY or REGISTRATION If you select EMERGENCY than all facilities like Trauma care or accident, Gynecological, Cardiac attack, Orthopedic.

Navigating with Project Metrics using Digitally Integrated Framework

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd February 2018

Keerthi Vasan S | Venkatraman Gomatham, Janardhanan R

Abstract

Key challenges faced in account management includes multiple tracking systems, repeated entry, not updated, inaccuracy, a secondary effort for consolidation, dependency on system/person, ineffectiveness etc., Objective: A digital framework integrating all business functions E2E, tracking project life cycle linking with dynamic metrics, a control mechanism, agility to easily customize & adapt the framework for short sprints in less effort Digital Solution: Implemented digital workflow using SharePoint (Input screen) & analytical dashboard using spreadsheets. Summary of solution implemented represented below as :: 1. Planning & Scheduling: a) Burndown chart - Establish velocity b) Work Time Analyzer - Monitors time distribution c) Visibility - Transparency & collaboration 2. Execution & Analytics: a) Connected workflow – Operational Dashboards/ATM [Variance, Ontime, Quality, Utilization, forecast, billing] b) Real-time evaluation - Statistical approach, Performance scorecard c) Real-time financials – Business Dashboard [P&L] 3. Monitoring & Control: a) Trend analysis – Quality effectiveness & Dynamic training calendar b) Control toolkit – Visual-aids/compliance 4. Stakeholder a) Centralized repository – Knowledge management, Virtual PM’s b) Agility – Flexible & Customization Business Impact: Reduced NVA (~30% of leads effort), High accuracy & real-time data, statistically informed decision making, transparent culture, improved motivation. Easily customizable for rapidly changing requirements and successfully implemented across accounts.

Network Security Virtualization

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th April 2018

Vrushali N. Huchhe | 

Abstract

Network security management became more complex in recent years due to the necessity of deploying more network security devices at different positions/sites inside the already complex networks. The flexible transition and maximum usage of correct security devices at right places at a required time with minimal management price is very difficult. NSV presents a concept of network security virtualization which virtualizes security resources to network administrators users and thus maximally uses pre-installed security devices. It also able to provide security protection to required networks with minimum management price. For verification of the concept, there is a prototype system NETSECVISOR which do the maximum use of existing fixed position security devices and maximally uses software-defined networking technology to virtualize network security functions. NETSECVISOR contains- (1) a simple script language to record security services and policies (2) a set of routing algorithms to decide shortest routing paths for different security policies based on different requirement and (3) a set of security response functions to handle security incidents. NETSECVISOR can be deploys in both virtual test networks and a commercial switch networks to evaluate its performance and feasibility The evaluation results show that the prototype only adds a very small overhead while providing required network security virtualization to network users/administrators.

Nickel and Cobalt Metal-organic frameworks as advanced electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage and ion sensor application

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th March 2018

Krishnamurthy G | Omkaramurthy B M, Sangeetha S

Abstract

The metal-organic frameworks are the crystalline porous materials of great importance in the fields of energy and environment due to their high surface area and controllable porous structure. In this paper, we present a new solvothermal approach for the synthesis of Ni and Co based MOFs, which exhibit high electrochemical performance. The electrodes of the above Ni-MOF and Co-MOF have been tested for supercapacitor and sensor application. The maximum specific capacitance of Ni-MOF was found to be 202F g−1 at a scan rate of 1 A g−1(about 99% capacitance retention after 2000 cycles), which corresponds to a very high energy density of 36.36 W h kg−1 and power density of 0.037 W kg−1. The Co-MOF electrode was used to find the electron transfer capability, which in turn to detect thiocyanate ions. An excellent sensing property and cycling stability were observed with Co-MOF electrode. The Ni-MOF and Co-MOF would be the most promising electrode materials for the hybrid super capacitor and sensor application as studied using the three-electrode system in 0.6 M KOH solution.

Noise Reduction in Ultrasound Images of Upper Arm Using Wavelet

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th April 2018

P.V.K. Rao | Yonas Samwel Idala Yonas Samwel Idala

Abstract

Ultrasound medical images are corrupted with a prominent component of noise during its acquisition and storing. Wavelet denoising techniques are used to reduce noise component effectively. The recorded ultrasound images are cropped to uniform size and the noise component is added to understand the level of noise threshold and further, these images are denoised using Daubechie3 and Symlet3 wavelet. Further to understand the effect of denoising at a particular decomposition level the PSNR values are calculated a comparison is drawn between these two wavelets to identify the noise reduction capability

Non - Performing Loanan Encumbrance for Maximizings Hareholder Wealth?- A Study on Two Leading Private Sector Banks in India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Ms Adithi Ramesh | Prof. Dr.C.B.Senthil Kumar

Abstract

Shareholders value plays a crucial role in a highly volatile and complicated market. Just like how a bank has got a moral obligation towards its customer, the obligation towards a shareholder or investor is also equally important. Increasing Nonperforming loans have not only been a period of eclipse for the banks financials and brand value, but also for the shareholders of the bank. This paper shows the impact of Non-Performing loans on Shareholder value and ways to reduce the same to increase the shareholders confidence.

Normality in Idempotent Commutative 𝛤-Semi group

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

S. Suguna | D. Radha

Abstract

In this paper, a normality in an idempotent commutative 𝛤-semigroup is defined. A notion of left (right) normal, left (right) quasi-normal, regular, normal, left (right) semi-normal, left (right) semi-regular, in a normal idempotent commutative𝛤- semigroup S are defined. Any left (right) normal is left (right) quasi-normal in an idempotent commutative 𝛤-semigroup and vice versa. Also, it is regular if and only if it is normal and the same statement is proved with respect to semi-regular and semi-normal substructure. Any quasi-normal is also semi-regular as well as semi-normal and also the converse in an idempotent commutative 𝛤-semigroup. In a commutative idempotent 𝛤-semigroup, left regularity implies both left and right normality.

Nutritional Differences found in two values added baked products of beetroot (beta vulgaris)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th June 2018

Shikha Srivastava | Kanchan Singh

Abstract

Beetroot (Beta Vulgaris) is the very nutritious vegetable as it ranks 10th most powerful vegetable with respect to antioxidants and total phenolic compounds and it is rich in many valuable active compounds and nutrients. Therefore, consumption of beetroot can be considered a factor in disease prevention. The present study aimed at the formulation of two value added products of beetroot by baking i.e.beetroot cake by incorporation of beetroot powder (BRP) at 20 (Type-A),30(Type-B),40(Type-C) and 50 (Type-D) percent and beetroot biscuits were also prepared by incorporation of BRP at 0%(Type-A),5%(Type-B),10%(Type-C) and 15% (Type-D) .The sensory evaluation of both baked products were done by using the Nine-point hedonic scale. The most acceptable beetroot cake and beetroot biscuits were nutritionally analyzed by applying the standard method of AOAC, 2000 for betanin, betaine, choline, folic acid, iron, vitamin C, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, dietary fiber, carbohydrate and antinutrients (Saponins and Oxalic acid). The result obtained revealed that beetroot cake Type-C (40% of BRP) and beetroot biscuit Type-B(5% of BRP) were most acceptable than other. It was found that the value of all nutrients and antinutrients were increased from beetroot biscuits to beetroot cake but the amount of calcium, magnesium and potassium were decreased from biscuits to cake.

Nutritional Enhancement of Traditional Coconut Burfi with Incorporation of Vegetable Fibres

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

P. D. Shere | Madhav Khanzode, Prajakta Kolhe

Abstract

Efforts were made in present investigation to develop nutritionally enhanced coconut burfi with inclusion of vegetable fibres and to assess physico-chemical, organoleptic characteristics. Carrot & Beetroot were selected as source of vegetal fibres for enrichment purpose. The coconut burfi formulation was standardized with incorporation of different proportions of beetroot & carrot pulp. Coconut burfi samples were prepared using standard procedure with freshly grated coconut, beetroot & carrot. Samples were organoleptically evaluated with semi-trained panelists. Physico-chemical analysis was performed for carbohydrate, fat, protein, iron, B-carotene for all the burfi samples. Results of organoleptic evaluation revealed that, vegetable fibre enriched beet-carrot coconut burfi was preferred over control. This may be because of higher moisture retention, soft, chewy texture and bright red colour of burfi. Chemical analysis results showed decreased carbohydrate content, and increased iron, B-carotene, crude fibre content compared to control

Oil Addition in Food Waste Composition and Amount Biodegraded at Various Food Waste Loading

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th November 2017

Hazel Gonzales | 

Abstract

Oil was added (20%) to the food waste composition used in this part of the study and the extent of biodegradation of food waste and oil was investigated. The biological solubilization system was operated at different food waste loading (10, 20 and 40 kg/m3 /d) with the food waste containing 20% of the oil. At 10 kg/m3 /d food waste loading, almost 50% of the total oil input was decomposed and even though food waste loading was increased, the amount of decomposed oil for each run remains the same (0.78 kg/m3/d on the average). Oil input of 1 kg/m3 /d or lower is acceptable to the biological solubilization system and could result to total decomposition while increasing the oil loading beyond 1 kg/m3 /d will not result in further oil decomposition. The oil loading to the system was considerably high resulting in difficulty in achieving the higher percentage of oil decomposition. Thus, the system can probably lead to a higher rate and more efficient oil decomposition and waste mineralization when oil loading is reduced (1 kg/m3 /d or lower).

Oil Content Variation And Cluster Analysis Of Different Genotypes Of Wild Apricot Collected From Different Regions Of Jammu & Kashmir, India.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th October 2017

M. S. Wani | A. H. Mughal

Abstract

The experimental investigation was undertaken at Faculty of Forestry, SKUAST-Kashmir, India, to estimate the percentage oil content variability and genetic divergence for seed and seedling characters of 22 Candidate Plus Trees (CPTs)/half- sib families of Wild Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L) collected from different locations of Kashmir (temperate) and Laddakh (arid) regions in India. Candidate Plus Trees (CPTs) of Wild Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) were selected, based on check tree method. Fresh and fully ripened open pollinated seeds of 22 Candidate Plus Trees were collected and graded to constitute seed lots of different CPTs. After the dimensional measurements for seed and kernel characters, part of the seeds from seed lots of each CPT/family were analyzed for oil content estimation. Part of the constituted seed lots of each family/CPT were sown in open field environmental conditions in the nursery following Randomized Block Design, with a view to assess the expression of genetic diversity using Non-hierarchical Euclidean cluster analysis. Analysis of variance indicated significant differences among 22 different candidate plus trees for all the studied characters. Oil content per cent recovered from kernels showed significant variations and ranged between 25.52% for CPT 15/075 (S5) to 54.64% for CPT 14/075 (S5). Candidate plus tree progenies were grouped into five clusters under open field environment. On the basis of inter and intra cluster distance cluster no. I and V may be considered as diverse and can be utilized for hybridization when selecting genotypes for breeding purposes. Seedling height followed by survival per cent, germination per cent, fruit diameter, fruit length and oil content per cent respectively contributed maximum to the total divergence and played a prominent role in creating the genetic diversity. Out of 22 seed sources four sources (S5, S8, S10, & S12) recorded above 50% oil content. With respect to morphometric and seedling characters S4, S5, S18 and S10 respectively out performed than rest of the sources. On the basis of inter and intra cluster distance cluster number. I and V may be considered as diverse and can be utilized for hybridization when selecting genotypes for breeding purposes.

On Fuzzy ?? ## -Continuous Maps and Fuzzy ?? ## - Homeomorphism Mappings in Fuzzy Topological Spaces

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Kiran G Potadar | Sadanand N Patil

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to introduce new class of Fuzzy sets, namely ?? ## -closed fuzzy set for Fuzzy topological spaces .This new class is properly lies between the class of ?-closed Fuzzy set and the class of ?? # -closed fuzzy set, we also introduce application of ?? ## -closed fuzzy sets, the concept of fuzzy ?? ## -continuous, fuzzy?? ## -irresolute mapping, fuzzy ?? ## -closed maps, fuzzy ?? ## -open maps and fuzzy ?? ## -homeomorphism in Fuzzy topological spaces are also introduced, studied and some of their properties are obtained

On potentially graphical sequences

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th August 2017

Bilal Chat | 

Abstract

A graphic sequence = ( , , )  d1  dn is potentially K4  K2 K2 -graphic if it has a a realization containing an K4  K2 K2 as a subgraph where K4 is a wheel graph on four vertices and K2  K2 is a set of independent edges. In this paper, we find the smallest degree sum such that every n -term graphical sequence contains K4  K2 K2 as a subgraph

On Semi*δ-regular and Semi*δ-normal Spaces

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd August 2018

Reena C | S. Pious Missier

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to introduce the concepts of semi*δ-regular and semi*δ-normal spaces using semi*δ-open sets and investigate their basic properties. We also discuss their relationships with already existing concepts. Mathematics Subject Classification: 54D10, 54D15.

On Strong (G, D)-Number of Inflated Graphs

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th December 2018

G.Susi Vinnarasi | V.Selvalakshmi, S. Kalavathi, K.Palani

Abstract

Strong (G, D)-number of Graphs was introduced by Palani K and SanthaanaGomathi C. Let G be a (V, E) graph. A dominating set is said to be a strong dominating set of G if it strongly dominates all the vertices of its complement. A (G, D)-set D of G is said to be a strong (G, D)-set of G if it strongly dominates all the vertices of V-D. Strong (G, D)-number of Product graphs was discussed by S.Velammal,S.Rajalakshmi and K Palani. Strong (G, D)-number of Middle graphs was discussed by M.Mahalakshmi, A.Sony& K Palani. In this paper, we find the strong (G, D)-number of Inflated Graphs of some standard graphs.

On Strong (G,D) Number of Middle Graphs

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

A.Sony | M.Mahalakshmi,K.Palani,.Kalavathi

Abstract

(G,D)-number of graphs was introduced by Palani K and Nagarajan A . Let G be a (V,E) graph. A subset D of V(G) is said to be a (G,D)-set of G if it is both a dominating and a geodetic set of G. A dominating set is said to be a strong dominating set of G if it strongly dominates all the vertices of its complement. In this paper, we introduce the concept strong (G,D) number of middle graph and find the same for some standard graphs and its bounds.

On Zero-Symmetric Semicentral Γ-Near Rings

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

C. Raja Lakshmi | Radha

Abstract

In this paper, we define zero-symmetric part in semicentral Γ-near rings. The definitions of left semicentral, right semicentral gamma near rings are defined along with the equivalence conditions for an idempotent e in the Γ-near ring to be both left semicentral and right semicentral. Any reduced gamma near ring with unity is both left and right semicentral Γ-near ring if it is zero-symmetric. Any left(right) regular unital Γ-near ring is right(left) semicentral if it is zero-symmetric.

On-screen Swipe Keyboard Using Gaze-based Method

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th February 2018

Morokot Cheat | Manop Wongsaisuwan

Abstract

The group of disabled people have a limitation in quality of life in everyday activity. Assistive technology using eye gaze is researched to improve their life in learning. It will be beneficial to handicapped people to type words quickly and easily by themselves. Scanning gaze-path will be inaccurate if we scan wrong for the first letter since users will hit other keys unintentionally during saccade for the intended letter. In this paper, we introduce on-screen keyboard for text-entry with the integration of dwell-free and dwell-time method instead of using fingers. A dwell-time method is applied for the first letter and the last letter to make sure that the users activate the right letter. After users activate the first letter, they can swipe their eye gaze with a dwell-free method to make their typing faster. To predict intended words which users would like to type, the Revised Levenshtein algorithm is used to calculate the distance between scan-path words and words in the database. The highest score is considered as intended words that users intend to type. Scoring criteria include distance, word frequency, and stored words that users used to type. In the experiment, the performance of less letter is higher than many letters because of missing many gaze-path letters since setting threshold of fixation duration is so high.

One Dimensional Study of Calcium Distribution in a Hepatocyte cell in presence of Buffer by Finite Volume Model

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th June 2018

Yogita Jagtap | Neeru Adlakha

Abstract

Calcium is ubiquitous second messenger which controls vital functions of almost all eukaryotic cells. Hepatocyte cell is parenchymal cell of liver. The regulation of calcium concentration in a hepatocyte cell is still not well understood. A model is proposed in this paper to study the distribution of calcium concentration in a hepatocyte cell in presence of buffers. The parameters like concentration of buffer, diffusion coefficient of calcium etc. have been incorporated in the model in the form of boundary value problem in one dimension. The boundary conditions have been formed to incorporate bio physiological facts of the problem. The finite volume method has been implemented to obtain the solutions. The program is developed on MATLAB 2014a to obtain numerical results and they are used to study the effect of buffers on calcium concentration in hepatocyte cell in steady state case. The information can be generated by developing such models of calcium concentration in hepatocyte cell for proper health care of liver

Online Big File Storage Mechanism

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Ms.Noopur Adarsh Purwar | Prof.Nilima Nikam,Prof.Vaishali Londhe

Abstract

Online data storage refers to the practice of storing electronic data with a third party service accessed via the Internet. It is an alternative to traditional local storage (such as disk or tape drives) and portable storage (such as optical media or flash drives). It can also be called "hosted storage," "Internet storage". One of the biggest benefits of online storage is the ability to access data from anywhere. As the number of devices the average person uses continues to grow, syncing or transferring data among devices has become more important. Not only does it help transfer data between devices, online data storage also provides the ability to share files among different users. This paper presents the different techniques which help in making online storage an easier way of storing data. Data deduplication is one of important techniques for eliminating duplicate copies of repeating data, and has been widely used in online storage to reduce the amount of storage space and save bandwidth. To protect the confidentiality of sensitive data while supporting deduplication,we have also proposed an encryption technique which helps in encrypting the data before storing it. Our approach to deduplication ,encryption and compression in online storage aims at reduction in storage space and efficient use.

Operations Management Issues and Instructions Of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (LSM)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th November 2018

Dr B. A. Satyamurthy | 

Abstract

As a function with a strategic role, Logistics and Supply Chain Management (LSM) needs to continuously find ways to improve its efficiency and effectiveness. One potential way to specifically addressing efficiency target is to parts of the Operation management process. While operations management remains one of the most prevalent business practices in various areas, many businesses fail to realize the benefits anticipated from their operations management initiatives. Research reports that one major reason for these operations management challenges. There has been consensus operation management of that logistics as well as supply chain management is a vital research field, yet with few literature reviews on this topic. This paper sets out to propose some hot issues in the current research, through a review of related literature from the perspective of operations management. In addition, we generate some insights and future research. In this paper, we elaborate how the organizational design of the LSM function relates to Operations management opportunities in order to increase efficiency.

Operations Research Technique for Merging Manpower in Industries for Optimization

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Govind Shay Sharrma | Dr.Sapna Shrimali

Abstract

In this paper , We have discussed the Merging of the man power which works in industries for enhancement the productivity. The purpose of study to find the role of Operations Research techniques for merge the man power of two different branch but having the similar work profile. In this paper we show that the process man power of a industry and Maintenance man power which having the same field can be merge and work together in the proper guidance. This concept helps to increase the labour productivity and cost reduction with respect to time. The paper present that the groups for execute may be merge and the number of executive can be purposed with the operation research techniques

Operations Research Technique for Merging Manpower in Industries for Optimization

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 24th June 2017

Govind shay sharrmaand | Dr.SapnaShrimali

Abstract

In this paper , We have discussed the Merging of the man power which works in industries for enhancement the productivity. The purpose of study to find the role of Operations Research techniques for merge the man power of two different branch but having the similar work profile. In this paper we show that the process man power of a industry and Maintenance man power which having the same field can be merge and work together in the proper guidance. This concept helps to increase the labour productivity and cost reduction with respect to time. The paper present that the groups for execute may be merge and the number of executive can be purposed with the operation research techniques

Opinion Classification by Rating Prediction using Sentiment-based Textual Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th June 2018

Gitanjali Yadav | Pandharinath Ghatage

Abstract

In today life individuals are associating with the Internet and social networks, User shares their opinions on the web so there is a basic issue of data over- overloading. Users can't without much of a stretch trust on other individuals people review; each user has distinctive reasoning on a single product. So there is much data exhibit in online textual reviews, which assumes a vital part in decision making. For instance, the user chooses what to purchase in the wake of observing valuable reviews posted by others as users effectively confide in their companions or friends. People believe in reviews and reviewers because it helps in rating prediction. Rating prediction is based on the idea that high-star ratings mean it is related to the good reviews and this thing affects the consumer. How to mine reviews and the relation between reviewers in social networks has become an important issue in web mining, machine learning, and natural language processing. Reviews contain detailed information along with user opinion information, which is important for a user to choose a product to be purchased. Some people had thought about price, quality and other comparative factors. All these factors describe the user's interests according to their comments on the product. Interpersonal interaction is difficult for extracting user's preference. To overcome these problems propose a sentiment-based rating prediction method by using a framework of matrix factorization. The contributions of the proposed approach are 1) user sentiment analysis. 2) Rating prediction using sentiments. User sentiment influence reflects how the sentiment spreads among the trusted users. Item reputation similarity shows the potential relevance of product. To carry out an accurate recommendation system fuses user sentiment similarity, item reputation similarity, and Interpersonal sentimental influence into a matrix factorization framework

Opinion Mining On Twitter Data for Sentiment Classification

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th May 2018

G. Anuradha | CH. Raga Madhuri, M.Srikanth

Abstract

Opinion mining and Sentiment analysis gives sentiments, opinions and subjectivity of text. Now a days many people express their opinions and ideas through social networking sites like Face book, Google+ and Twitter. These are platforms to allow people to share and express their views about topics, have discussion with different communities. Twitter data is short and continues data suitable for sentiment analysis. This paper focus on sentiment classification (positive, negative and neutral) which is multistep process involves preprocessing phase, parts of tagging (POT), and calculating polarity and apply three classification algorithms that are Decision tree, Naïve bayes and Support vector machine on twitter data in Jupiter. This paper also presents empirical comparison of classification algorithms in which decision tree algorithm is highest accuracy in comparison of all three algorithms considered in this study.

Optical polarization studies of Indian Medicinal plant Konda Gogu

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th October 2017

P.V.Kanaka.Rao | 

Abstract

Polarimetric imaging system operating in the reflection mode is designed to understand the characteristic polarization effects taking place in wood sample prepared from the bark of Cochlospermum religiosum, an Indian medicinal plant known as Konda Gogu in the telugu. The intensity images recorded by this polarimeter are processed using polar decomposition technique to obtain polarimetric parameters. The degrees of polarization images and the corresponding mean intensity values are obtained using Image processing algorithms that were developed in MatLab platform.

Optical, Structural, Morphological and Thermal Properties of Mixed Co3O4 - CuO - ZrO2 Nanoparticles

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

S. Alwin David | C.Vedhi

Abstract

- Mixed Co3O4 - CuO - ZrO2 nanoparticles were synthesized via wet chemical method. Optical, structural, morphological and thermal properties of mixed Co3O4 - CuO - ZrO2 nanoparticles were studied using UV- DRS, SEM, TEM, TG/DTG and DSC. UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectrum indicated that the band gap of Co3O4 - CuO - ZrO2 nanoparticles is about 2.37 - 2.52 eV. The synthesized Co3O4 - CuO - ZrO2 nanoparticles have irregular morphology with size ranging from 10 - 40nm as evident from SEM and TEM micrographs. TG/DTG and DSC studies revealed good thermal stability of the Co3O4 - CuO - ZrO2 nanoparticles. From the TG analysis, a total mass loss of only 28.86% was observed in the temperature range from RT to 1200°C.

Optimization of cultural parameters for production of Antimicrobial Metabolite from Streptomyces sp. FXJ1.449 isolated from Mangrove soil

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 28th August 2018

Sharma S. R | Shah G.S

Abstract

Streptomyces sp. FXJ1.449 was isolated from marine sample collected from mangrove sea- coast, kosamba village, Valsad District, Gujarat and was screened to evaluate its antimicrobial activity by primary screening using cross streak method and by secondary screening using Agar well diffusion method against test bacteria Salmonella typhi (MCC 2901), Shigella spps. (MCC 3209), Staphylococcus aureus (MCC 2043) Bacillus cereus (MCC 2039) ans B. subtilis (MCC 2049). The present study is focused on the study of various physico-chemical parameters such as inoculums size, incubation period, pH, Temperature, Nacl concentration, carbon source, nitrogen sources and trace minerals for medium optimization to enhance production of antimicrobial metabolite by Streptomyces sp. FXJ1.449. This strain was found to be potential antibiotic producer and can be further used commercially for production of valuable products.

Optimization of Green Electro-Chemical Machining Using Multi Criteria Decision Making Tools VIKOR

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Sevak Ram Dansena | Harsh Kumar Pandey, Vikas Swarnakar, Narendra Kumar Patel

Abstract

In the present scenario an proficient Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) approach has been predictable for optimization of green electro-chemical machining, because it is a commonly used non-traditional machining process. Electrochemical machining (ECM) has predictable itself as one of the major alternatives to conventional methods for machining hard materials and versatile contours deficient the residual stresses and tool wear. ECM has spacious-ranging purpose in automotive, petroleum, aerospace, textile industries, medical fields, electronic industries etc. The optimization of Green electrochemical machining is a Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) problem narrow-minded by several performance criteria and alternatives. These criteria’s and alternatives are commonly two types, qualitative and quantitative. These problems are analyzed and identified using many MCDM tools and techniques So to find the best alternative solution of MCDM problems there should be transformed quantitative criteria values into an equivalent single performance index called Multi-attribute Performance Index (MAPI). In this text, present study highlights application of VIseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (VIKOR) that means: Multicriteria Optimization and Compromise Solution. This Method personalized from MCDM techniques for obtaining the precise result. Detailed methodology of VIKOR method has been described in this paper through a case study.

Optimization of Irrigation and Fertilizer Scheduling Using Cropwat 8.0 under Fully Automated Drip Irrigation for Hybrid Maize

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd November 2017

Arthi .T | Dr. K.Nagarajan, Dr. R.Lalitha

Abstract

The experiment was to optimize the requirement of irrigation and fertilizer level for hybrid maize during rabi season based on the climatic data. On this basis irrigation scheduling and fertilizer scheduling is programmed in the fully automated drip irrigation system. Irrigation scheduling was done by calculating the crop water requirement using the climatic data of the cropping period. CWR is calculated by using formula and also by CROPWAT 8.0 produced by FAO. The yield effects under optimized fertilizer level in Hybrid Maize NK6240-Syngenta in fully automated drip irrigation condition was analysed. The crop water requirement was calculated for Hybrid Maize NK6240-Syngenta and scheduled based on the climatic data of the cropping period using CROPWAT8.0. The yield was higher in T5 (125 % RDF) and showed a significant difference in the plant growth.Following this T4 (100%) and T3 (75%) showed similar reading almost revealing that fertilizer applied at root zone is effectively used by the plant, in turn, resulting in 20-25% saving of fertilizers. The highest water use efficiency of 65.104 kg per ha per mm was recorded in treatment T5.The highest N, P and K fertilizer use efficiency of 81.37kg ha-1 kg of N, 162.74 kg ha-1 kg of P and 162.74 kg ha-1 kg of K were recorded in T3, which is with 75 percent RDF and the least N, P and K fertilizer use efficiency of 66.68 kg ha-1 kg of N, 133.364 kg ha-1 kg of P and 133.364 kg ha-1 kg of K were recorded in T5 treatment with 125 percent RDF. Leaching effect is reduced in the soil.

Optimization of Parameters Influencing Adsorption of Brilliant Red Dye on Dried Melon Shell Powder

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th July 2017

Vijeta Arora | DP Tiwari

Abstract

Removal of dyes from waste water discharge of textile Industry is a major issue due to its harmful effect on human life and environment. Based on study of various methods available and considering the aspect of cost effective and efficient technology adsorption is considered to be best approach. In this present work the removal of “brilliant red” dye is carried out by the process of adsorption using raw water melon shell powder. Various batch experiments were performed under different experimental conditions. The effect of parameters such as Initial dye concentration, pH, contact time, adsorbent doses has been investigated. Various isotherm models such as Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin analyzed the isotherms of adsorption data.

Optimization of Water Consumption to meet New MoEFCC guidelines for Thermal Power Plants

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ritesh Dahikar | 

Abstract

The recent notification issued by Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC), Government of India, on 8th December 2015, with reference of S.O.3305 (E), Section 6 & 25 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, specified the new limits on maximum water intake consumption & achieving zero wastewater discharge for existing as well as newly installed Thermal Power Plants (TPP) in India. Additionally the notification has also specified SO2 emission limit from stack for both existing and newly installed TPP’s, which mandates the additional technology such as flue gas desulphurization (FGD) to meet this requirement, which requires additional make up water. The maximum new water consumption limit is set at 2.5 m3/MWh for newly installed Thermal power plant. Presently coal based TPP’s, typically consumes water in the range of 3.0to4.0 m3/MWh without considering FGD. This paper discusses the various possible optimization ways to meet this new water consumption limit, including additional water requirement for SO2 reduction and to ensure zero wastewater discharge from plant

Organisational Communication: The Best Way of Retaining Knowledgeworkers in Higher Education Sector

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Mamta Sharma | Dr. Sachin Gupta , Dr. Pooja Sharma

Abstract

Organizational culture is defined by various dimensions. Organisational Communication is one of them. Organisational Communication is lifeblood for an organization that build bridges among the employees within the organization. Achieving universal goals of an organization is promised only through the communication. This study aims at identifying the effects of Organisational communication in retention of employees in higher education sector. This study describes the relationship of organizational communication in retaining knowledge workers in higher education sector. The area of study is respondents from Jaipur City and sample size is 60 employees of higher education sector. The Primary Data has been collected through questionnaire and interview and the Secondary Data has been collected with the help of journals, magazines, books and internet. Random sampling method was used in present study. Present study concludes from the above that there is a relationship between Organisational communication and Employee Retention. It has analyzed that Inter personal relationship is a major factor that contribute towards employee retention and it has found that various elements of organisational communication have positive relationship with employee retention in higher education sector.

Origin and Construction of Mambazhathurai Dam

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2018

Dr.N.Mary Usha | 

Abstract

Mambazhathurai dam was constructed across the river Mambazhathuraiyar. The Mambazhathuraiyar reservoir scheme is located at about 3k.m from Villukuri village which is on the Nagercoil-Thiruvananthapuram main road. Mambazhathuraiyar dam is situated near Anaikidangu in Villukuri village which contemplate the formation of reservation with an effective capacity of 44.54M.ft. It is 35 meaters long and 80ft.high. From the dam 25 tanks receive water for irrigation. Mambazhathuraiyar river is situated in Kalkulam Taluk of Kanyakumari District.

Overview of Background Subtraction Algorithms

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th April 2018

Prachi A. Joshi | Dr.R.A.Khan, S.C.Nandedkar

Abstract

Understanding the human activity from the video is proved to be important research area in computer vision since last few years. Background subtraction is a widely used technique for detecting moving objects in videos from static cameras. This approach is said to be the fast way of localizing moving objects in a video frame shot by the static camera which can be used for various computer vision applications. The mentioned technique is used for calculating the foreground mask performing a subtraction between the current frame and a background model, containing the static part of the scene. Here regions of interest are objects like humans, cars, text etc. in its foreground. The objective here is of detecting the moving objects from the difference between the current frame and a reference frame, frequently called as background model or image. Background subtraction algorithms are more popular nowadays because of its computational efficiency in applications like video surveillance, traffic monitoring, human-computer interaction etc. The conditions like moving background, temporarily stationary objects, objects shadows, illumination variation can affect the background subtraction. This paper focuses on the comparative study of different background subtraction algorithms.

Paradigm shift In Rural Marketing in Digital Era

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Mahadik Ashwini J | 

Abstract

„India lives in villages‟. The Indian rural market with its vast size and demand base offers great opportunities to marketers. In the recent years, rural market has acquired significance and attracted the attention of marketers as 68.84% population of India reside in 6,38,000 villages and overall growth of economy has resulted into substantial increase in the purchasing power of the rural communities. Government campaign “Digital India” can connect maximum number of rural Indians to all over the world through Internet. Impact of digital India in the future of E-Commerce in Rural India; represent the various opportunities for vendors, consumers, E-Commerce Industries and factors influencing trust in rural Indians. ICT is becoming the facilitator of socio-economic development in rural India with its obvious facilities by way of health, education, financial services and employment avenues, etc. It can help the bridge gaps by providing „e‟ and „m‟ services. ICT offering meant for rural sector can be classified into three categories: Those solutions which aim are aimed at empowerment, those which would do enablement, those for market expansion

Patient Healthcare Monitoring System Using IoT

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Snehal Sanjay Kale | Prof. Dheeraj S Bhagwat

Abstract

Advances in information and communication technologies have led to the emergence of Internet of Things (IoT). In the advanced medicinal service environment, the utilization of IoT system brings convenience of doctors and patients as they are applied to different medical areas (for example, real-time monitoring, patient information management, and healthcare management). The body sensor network (BSN) technology is one of the main technologies of IoT developments in medical system, where a person under treatment can be observed utilizing a set of low power and portable wireless sensor nodes. This paper presents an economical and versatile body sensor network system using an embedded micro-web server, with internet access for getting and controlling the remotely using Android phone app. To demonstrate the practicality and viability of this system, devices such as light switches, power plug, temperature sensor and current sensor have been integrated to design introduce a safe IoT based healthcare system using BSN, called BSN-Care, which can effectively fulfill those requirements. It is highly critical to monitor various medical parameters and post operational data. To get the patient’s medical readings in local and remote area, healthcare communication using Internet of Things (IoT) technique is taken under use.The main purpose of this paper is to transmitting the patient’s health monitoring parameters through wireless communication. These input data are uploaded in cloud server and transmitted to the computer and mobile for family and specialist's reference.

Perception of Youth with Different Relationship

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

Samrat Srivastava | Harsh Goswami

Abstract

The aim of work is to study the differences in the perception of the different level, different age group people has the different perception, different occupational people has their different perception about the relationship, this we were find while collecting data from the people. Every individual as the different perception about different kind of relationship due to the difference in gender (male female), culture also plays important role for the perception about relationship are also different. We got all this information through collection of data. The finding extended earlier studies and provide more insight into the relationship between age, relationship quality, professional environment etc.

Performance Analysis and Parallelism of Multi- Core Processors

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th October 2018

Ghadeer AL Najar | 

Abstract

After many years of single core processor’s dominance in the computing industry, multi-core central processing units (CPUs) have gained popularity due to their high performance. The critical levels of CPU performance include the different levels of parallelism, architectures, and it is therefore, critical to analyze the multi-core designs to ensure that the performance is in line with the expected specifications. This research paper is a detailed overview of the multi-core processors, parallelism and the performance measurement of the CPUs with more than one core.

Performance Analysis of Curved Directional Coupler

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Sonal Patil | Santosh Jagtap,Pravin Patil

Abstract

Optical transport networks are designed for high data rate transmission. To implement such a network it requires various passive components. The optical coupler is one of the important components of such a high capacity optical transport network. The coupling efficiency of coupler is wavelength sensitive and this degrades the performance of optical system that uses directional couplers for WDM transmission. A curved directional coupler has been proposed using silicon waveguides realizing the wavelength insensitive operation. The simulations are carried out using BeamPROP software and the effect on transmittance with respect to wavelength is analyzed. This curved coupler reduces the wavelength dependence.

Performance of Microbial Fuel Cell with Clayware Wall Separation Subjected to Variation in Area of Separation, Permeability,Temperature

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th June 2018

G. S. Jadhav | K. R. Suryawanshi, S. P. Salunkhe, R. R. Fulari, M. Wagh, R. J. Raut

Abstract

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are devices that can be used to convert chemical energy stored in biodegradable materials into electrical energy. Sustainable energy recovery from organic wastes is gaining a research interest from last few years. The microbial fuel cell will be cost-effective technology if replace costlier proton exchange membrane with the cheapest alternative. Hence, the performance of MFCs was evaluated using soil partition as an alternative to proton exchange membrane. Performance of six microbial fuel cells (MFCs) was investigated in terms of current, columbic efficiency and chemical oxygen demand removal efficiency under the batch mode of operation using aerated distilled water as a cathodic electrolyte. Effect of permeability, a surface area of partition, ambient temperature variation and substrate concentration were evaluated. It was observed that current and coulombic efficiency increases with increase in surface area and permeability of partition wall. It was observed that ambient temperature plays the vital role in energy harvesting and treatment efficiency

Perils and Pitfalls In The Process Of Transformation- A Psycho-Spiritual Study of Siddhartha of Hermann Hesse

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th April 2018

Dr Anmol | 

Abstract

Siddhartha portrays the life of Siddhartha, a triumphant quest hero who is presented by Hesse as a contemporary of Gautama Buddha, the Enlightened One which lends a certain charm and mystique to his character. As a spiritual seeker, Siddhartha can be compared to Larry and Paphnutius. Siddhartha embarks upon the road to spiritual realization and salvation. Siddhartha seeks out spiritual enlightenment and leaves home, joins the ascetics, performs terrible austerities, subject himself to heat and cold, undertakes fasts and practices. Although he gains mastery over his senses yet true enlightenment still eludes him. He realizes that one cannot attain enlightenment by renouncing the world or suppressing the senses; Experience of secular life is essential for growth and development. He comes under the influence of Kamala, a lovely courtesan, who teaches him the art of erotic lovemaking. He gradually becomes a rich man under the guidance of Kamaswami, a merchant who befriends him. Siddhartha starts drinking and leads a life of ease and comfort. Years roll by and suddenly one day Siddhartha realizes that he has squandered his life. The dormant ascetic in him is reawakened and he leaves the world to become a wandering mendicant again. He becomes a companion to Vasudeva the ferryman and gradually attains enlightenment in his guidance. Siddhartha, now a ferryman, learns the essence of his journey from the running river. Siddhartha’s awakening comes out of the totality of experiences attained by immersing oneself in the carnal pleasures of the world and the accompanying pain of Samsara. He learns that experience is the aggregate of conscious events experienced by a human in life. Many characters in Siddhartha have a clear connotative connection with the oriental mythology and resemble with Vrittis i.e. Kama, Krodh, Moha, and Maya.

Peristaltic Flow of a Conducting Newtonian Fluid in an Inclined Channel under The Effects of Hall Current

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th July 2017

Dr.Gangavathi.P | Dr.M. V. Subba Reddy, Dr.Jyothi.S , Yogeswara reddy. P

Abstract

In this paper, the effect of hall on the peristaltic flow of a conducting fluid in an inclined two dimensional channel under the assumption of long wavelength is investigated. A closed form solution is obtained for axial velocity and pressure gradient. The effect of various emerging parameters on the time-averaged volume flow is analyzed with the help of graphs.

Personality Factor in Cognitive Process: Does Extravert is Superior than Ambivert?

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 2nd April 2018

Nasir Yusoff | Yan Shan Tai, Saidah Napisah Muhammad, Tahamina Begum, Faruque Reza

Abstract

Background: Differences in personality may indicate dissimilarity in the process of cognition. Objectives: To investigate the personality factor (extraverts versus ambiverts) in cognitive processing through the neuroscience approach (i.e. Event-Related Potential technique). Method: Forty undergraduate medical students from Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) were recruited and screened for personality by using USM Personality Inventory (USMaP-i). In the Event-Related Potential (ERP) session, participants (N=19 ambiverts and 20 extraverts) completed a visual oddball paradigm in counterbalanced order. Results: As compared to ambiverts, the extraverts showed diminished P300 amplitude at the frontal region (Fz electrode), but not at other regions. Conclusion: Eysenck Theory on the superiority of extrovert (as compared to non-extravert) to experience better psychological well-being is challenged, thus, signalling the important implication to the humanity and society.

Pests and diseasesof tea (Camellia sinensis)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Mittu Katoch | Satyanarayan Murthy Malladi

Abstract

Tea is the most well-known drink devoured after water. Tea, Camellia sinensis (L) O. Kunze (Theaceae) is the real estate trim developed in SriLanka. With its wide flexibility, tea is developed in a scope of atmospheres and soils in various agro biological districts (AERs). Efficiency of tea relies upon different ecological and natural factors regardless of the cultivar developed. The yield and soil administration rehearses received, changing climate conditions and bug and illness rates additionally decide the general harvest efficiency. It is fermented from the leaves of Camellia sinensis (family: Theaceae). Diverse sorts of tea fabricated are: oolong, green, dark and Ilex tea relying upon the post-gather treatment and satisfactoriness of a specific area. Being rich in regular cell reinforcements, tea is accounted for to be compelling against colon, oesophageal, and lung diseases, and also urinary stone, dental caries, and so on. Tea observed to be insect cariogenic, against microbial, calming, hostile to cancer-causing, against oxidant can be utilized as a successful preventive operator. India is one of the biggest tea-delivering, trading and devouring nations. Every tea developing territories has its own unmistakable nuisances and infections however a few of them may have been recorded from more than one area. Number of vermin and ailments related with tea plants in a zone relies upon the period of time for which it is developed around there. More than one thousand types of arthropod bothers and almost 400 pathogens are known to assault tea everywhere throughout the world, however just around 300 types of bugs and parasites and 58 pathogenic growths are recorded from tea in India. Yield misfortune because of bug and maladies changes in the vicinity of 15 and 20%. Extent of the misfortunes will undoubtedly be higher today in perspective of the expanded generation and profitability other than the varieties in climatic conditions. Bugs are not kidding vermin of tea and they harm the green tissues of leaves, along these lines decreasing the photosynthetic effectiveness bringing about yield lessening. Invasion prompts staining of clears out. The majority of the species possess the under surface of the leaves yet a couple of favor the upper surface moreover. In this survey paper we learn about different irritations, infection and their contro

Pharmaco-Informatics: Harnessing The Power Of Bioinformatics In Cancer Research & Management: A Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Preenon Bagchi | Tara Devi Chetry, Anuradha M

Abstract

One of the greatest challenges faced by the cancer researchers is that the disease varies so much from individual to individual. Even the same type of cancer – blood, brain, kidney, pancreas, and so on – can be different subtly. This concludes that a therapy working excellent in one patient may have absolutely no effect in another. Cancer Research worldwide has set up several centers and started collecting 9,000 tumor cells’ samples from a wide range of cancer patients and created a DNA database of cancerous cells. Researchers extract DNA from these tumors and scan them for a series of key genes involved in tumor development and compares & cross-checked against a range of cancer treatments, cancerous genes, to create a map of which treatments in particular works best for cancers associated with which particular genes. This is based on the concept of pharmacogenomics & pharmacoinformatics: certain genes predispose individual to respond to certain molecules in certain ways. Doctors can already test a cancer patient for a single known gene, knowing how tumors with that gene respond to a particular molecule. However currently they don’t have a way of testing with a broad panel or set of genes. And to compensate the problem, they don’t have a way of quicker and more accurate way of sharing information in-between research labs in the same city, across the country or internationally. With the proposed cancer DNA database, a doctor might analyze a patient’s cancerous tumor sample and prescribe a detailed tailored treatment plan within a very short period of time. Bioinformatics research is increasing steadily at an exponential rate. DNA sequences are available to researchers with just an Internet connection – along with free bioinformatics tools to explore any sequence data, predict the presence of genes/mutated genes, and compare features shared between various organisms.

Phase Synchronization analysis of Heart Rate Variability and Systolic Blood Pressure Variability under Postural Stress

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Barjinder Singh Saini | Amritpal Singh, Dilbag Singh

Abstract

In this paper, the coupling between heart rate variability (HRV) and systolic blood pressure variability is analyzed using a non-linear measure called phase synchronization index (PSI). 20 healthy subjects alongwith 20 post myocardial patients undergong postural stress were used for analysis. The results were validated on standard EuroBaVar dataset. Results demonstrate that i) for healthy subjects PSI in the low frequency (LF) range i.e. (0.04-0.15) Hz is greater than PSI in the high frequency (HF) range i.e. (0.151-0.4) Hz in the lying position. ii) LF-PSI is less than HF-PSI in the standing position ii) for post AMI patients, LFPSI is greater than HF-PSI irrespective of the change in posture. In conclusion, it is found that there is a coupling between HRV and SBPV that varies in the LF and HF regions. This coupling changes with a change in the posture from lying to standing due to change in the autonomous drive occurring due to predominance of vagal over the sympathetic drive. This change is suppressed in the post AMI patients due to possible inactivity of the Baroreflex control.

Pigment Extraction from Flower Using Microwave Assisted Extraction

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th June 2018

Chompoonuch Lasunon | Pimporn Ponpesh

Abstract

Extraction of pigment from flower with microwave assisted extraction (MAE) technic was investigated in this research in order to obtain an optimal condition under parameters varied. Rosa-damascena was studied as red color pigment source with applying ascorbic acid solution as solvent. For experiment, anthocyanin from Rosa-damascena was extracted under various parameter conditions which are inclusive of temperature (30º C to 80 º C), solvent : solid ratio (10:1 to 30:1), time (5 min to 25 min), energy added (300 W to 1200 W). Then, UV-Visible spectrophotometer has been used for anthocyanin concentration determination. Color appearance has been proved by colorimeter, showing CIE L a* b* hº values.

Pixel N-grams: Size, Location and Resolution Invariance for Shape Classification

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Pradnya Kulkarni | Andrew Stranieri,Julien Ugon

Abstract

X-ray screening for breast cancer is an important public health initiative in the management of a leading cause of death for women. However, screening is expensive if mammograms are required to be manually assessed by radiologists. Moreover it is subjected to perception and interpretation errors. Automated mammogram classification is promising however relies on the identification of image features that enhance classification accuracies. Features that represent the shape of a tumour have been found to be useful for breast cancer detection using mammographic images. Existing shape feature computation methods are computationally expensive and strongly dependent upon algorithms that can segment an image to localize a region of interest likely to contain the tumour. In this paper, we apply a novel feature extraction technique called Pixel N-grams inspired from character N-gram model in text categorization for classification of shape images. Experiments on a dataset constructed for the purpose, demonstrate that the Pixel N-gram features achieve promising shape classification results irrespective of the size and location of the shape in an image without segmentation. These features also achieve excellent classification accuracy for images of varying resolution. Further, Pixel N-gram features are computationally less complex to generate paving the way for mammogram classification on low resource computers.

Planning a Sustainable Development of Existing Village

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Arati Kochar | Dr. Hansa Jeswani

Abstract

In the past decade the world has woken up to the environmental deterioration & climate change. The scenario is not different in India. The main reason behind this is increased urbanization. Urbanization is an inevitable phenomenon and it is in fact a sign of a matured economy. India is witnessing tremendous growth in every sector. India has recently launched smart city project. But when the cities in developing world lack long term strategic planning, management skills and struggling with infrastructure provision and high concentration of poverty and slums, thinking of smart cities does not seem to be a realistic goal. Developing countries rather than being obsessed with the dream of smart cities should be focusing more to their villages and try to curb the urbanization growth. But smart village did not make inroads as the cost of developing physical infrastructure in low density rural areas were too high and the village Panchayets have scanty revenues to manage such infrastructure even if they are developed by state or federal funding. So sustainable villages can be another good option. Any society with less resource utilization and sustainable behavioral practices can help in controlling the deterioration of environment, achieving lower carbon footprint and thus could aid to minimize greenhouse emissions and climate change. Villages are more sustainable and resilient than cities. The main goal of the project is to develop a sustainable perspective plan for a village in Maharashtra. In the present study, the existing village has been studied in terms of efficient use of resources and energy. The overall consumption of electricity, water and other energy sources has been determined by circulating a questionnaire to all the villagers. Detailed analysis of last 10 years rainfall data and groundwater level survey has been carried out. After detailed analysis of the survey data, a perspective plan will be developed for sustainable development of that village. These findings will assist the government to strategize their efforts towards achieving village sustainability instead of smart cities.

Plant Abiotic Stress Challenges from the Changing Environment: How to develop plants capable of mitigating climate change

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th January 2018

Amrina Shafi | Ashaq Hussain Mir, Insha Zahoor, Umar Mushtaq, Saife Niaz

Abstract

Climate change is a multifaceted phenomenon with a wide range of impacts on the environment. Currently, with the competing uses of land and the growing world population, we are challenged to produce more in less area with diminishing resources, confronted with climate change and the unpredictable local microclimate adversely affecting crop productivity. Biotic and abiotic stress is a result of climate change. Abiotic stresses will remain a challenge to the natural environment and agriculture. The challenges before us in plant biology and crop improvement are to integrate the systems level information on abiotic stress response pathways, identify stress protective networks, and engineer environmentally stable crops that yield more. Plants evolve defence mechanisms to withstand these stresses, e.g. antioxidants and antioxidant enzymes. In the present study, two different antioxidant enzymes namely copper-zinc superoxide dismutase derived from Potentilla astrisanguinea (Cu-Zn/SOD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) from Rheum austral both of which are high altitude cold niche area plants of Western Himalaya were cloned and simultaneously over-expressed in Arabidopsis thaliana to alleviate salt stress. It was found that the transgenic plants over- expressing both the genes were more tolerant to salt stress than either of the single gene expressing transgenic plants during growth and development. Further, the transcriptomic analysis showed that most of the genes related to secondary metabolite production and phytohormones were overexpressed in transgenic lines under stress conditions. Thus, genetically engineered plants or biotech crops can contribute significantly both to sustainability and for the mitigation of the arduous challenges associated with possible climate change and global warming.

Plant bioactive phytochemicals: their role in disease prevention

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th December 2017

Shoghil R | Nithya G, Payal B, Priya M, Tirth P

Abstract

"Leave your drugs in the chemist's pot if you can heal the patient with food” – Hippocrates (460-377B.C), the father of medicine recommended, “Let thy food be thy medicine and thy medicine be thy food”. Appropriately planned vegetarian diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate and provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Such an idea reflected the importance of diet for their therapeutic and preventive bioactive components due to their elevated margin of safety and desired range of efficacy. The above observation made centuries ago has now gained scientific verifications with epidemiological studies showing that the incidence of many chronic and degenerative diseases are least in countries like India and China where vegetables, fruits and spices form an essential part of human diet. With regard to the extensive consumption of nutraceuticals in the diet, the biological activity of these compounds is an important area of scientific investigation. Given the potential therapeutic tendencies of these compounds, one would expect to observe their favourable effects in human population.

Plant Growth Promoting activity in Chickpea Crop by Using Various Combinations of Micro-Organism

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 21st March 2018

Prashant Kumar Dewangan | BhumikaKoma, SanghmitraBaghel

Abstract

The present investigation was carried out in the Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, (IGKV), Raipur (CG.). In the recent times, there has been a reversed interest in the search for Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) for sustainable crop production. Biological control using PGPR strains especially from the genus Trichoderma and Pseudomonas is an effective substitute for chemical pesticides to suppress plant diseases. The present investigation was evaluated to growth promoting activities in pulse crop such as chickpea by using different thirteen combinations of Trichoderma sp., P. fluorescence and Rhizobium sp. five treatment used which were P. fluorescence (spray) + Trichoderma sp.(soil), P.fluorescens(soil)+ Trichodermasp.(spray), P. fluorescence (seed)+Rhizobium sp.(seed)+ Trichoderma sp.(spray), P.fluorescens (spray) + Rhizobium sp. (seed)+ Trichoderma sp.(soil). After 14 days of uprooting of crop found that significantly higher vigour index in T1 (2794.69) treatment of chickpea. All treatment combination increases root length, shoot length and overall vigour index as compared to control in all pulse crops.

Political Correctness as a Monolingual Language in the Era of Multiculturalism

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th April 2018

Dr. Sara Zamir | 

Abstract

Political correctness may be defined as what is correct and appropriate to include in oral or written public verbal formulations. Thereof, it may create, allegedly, a monolingual language in multicultural societies. The aim of this paper is to expose the ambivalence of the Israeli education system toward political correctness in the era of multiculturalism. On one hand, there is seemingly nothing more respectful than simply adopting political correctness as it is in our education system: the idea that language shapes reality, and eventually may directly affect changes in our discourse and indirectly exert a positive influence on rectifying social injustices towards social sectors, suits the ideals of the educational process. But on the other hand, educationists have raised some serious objections against the idea of political correctness, seeing it as hypocrisy and a way of ignoring the multicultural reality.

Political Correctness as a Monolingual Language in the Era of Multiculturalism

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th May 2018

Dr. Sara Zamir | 

Abstract

Political correctness may be defined as what is correct and appropriate to include in oral or written public verbal formulations. Thereof, it may create, allegedly, a monolingual language in multicultural societies. The aim of this paper is to expose the ambivalence of the Israeli education system toward political correctness in the era of multiculturalism. On one hand, there is seemingly nothing more respectful than simply adopting political correctness as it is in our education system: the idea that language shapes reality, and eventually may directly affect changes in our discourse and indirectly exert a positive influence on rectifying social injustices towards social sectors, suits the ideals of the educational process. But on the other hand, educationists have raised some serious objections against the idea of political correctness, seeing it as hypocrisy and a way of ignoring the multicultural reality.

Polyaniline for Removal of Methyl Orange Dye from Waste Water

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Jadhav Smita | Jaspal Dipika,Khamparia Shraddha

Abstract

Conducting polymers have emerged as effective adsorbents in the field of waste water treatment due to their cost effectiveness and higher environmental stability. The present investigation deals with the application of Polyaniline, a potential conducting polymer, for the removal of a toxic textile dye (Methyl Orange), from wastewater. The applied adsorbent, Polyaniline has been synthetically prepared by chemical oxidative polymerization of aniline with doping of an organic acid (oxalic acid). Batch studies were conducted to determine the effect of several influential parameters such as pH, amount of adsorbent, contact time and concentration at different temperatures. Preliminary adsorption studies revealed that maximum decolorization occurred at pH 3 after 5 hours of contact time. Almost 92% Methyl Orange removal was achieved at 50C with 0.03 g of the adsorbent. Studies revealed the efficiency of polyaniline for the removal of methyl orange from waste water.

Polyindole Based Zinc Oxide NanocompositeSynthesis and Characterization

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

S. Shyamala | Dr.R.R.Muthuchudarkodi

Abstract

In the present work polyindole based zinc oxide nanocomposite was prepared. Here zinc oxide nanoparticles were prepared separately using well-known wet-chemical method. Polyindole based zinc oxide nanocomposite was prepared using chemical oxidative polymerisation method. Polyindole was also prepared separately from its monomer indole to compare their properties with their counter parts. The samples have been analysed using UV, FTIR, XRD and CV techniques.The surface morphology is investigated with SEM and AFM analysis. FTIR studies showed that there is strong interaction between polyindole and nano sized Zinc Oxide particles. The AFM image showed by Polyindole picture was changed entirely in the case of nanocomposite. FTIR showed the vibration bands of both polyindole and zinc oxide in the nanocomposite. From the XRD spectrum the particle size was calculated using Scherrer’s equation.

Pontoverde Project: Green Urban Intervention in a Third World Country

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

Patricia Amaral | Gurgel Küpper

Abstract

The article presents data and tests that were made in the academics and associates with the practice of a urban intervention in a 3rd world country. For us to present this project, we had to go deep into the data analysis for one reason: we had to prove and show that "going green" is also "making money". The unique characteristics of a urban intervention in a 3rd world country begins here. These countries live in a reality that all the municipality money if really restricted, so it has to go to all the basics needs. So for a urbanist that pretend to make something really happen in the urban development, it has to be proven that making those investments the municipality will save some bigger money later.In association , the projects also have to be in agreement with the public regulations. That being, making the urban intervention really happen in these kind of reality, the urbanist has to be a really articulate manager.

Prediction of Heart Disease Using Hybrid Algorithm

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th May 2018

V.C.N.D.Sindhu sha | R.Sai Shankar, M.Sribala

Abstract

Classification is normally supervised learning method and helps to classify the data into classes and design models, where the attribute of class plays an important role for the construction of the classifier. Nearest neighbor (KNN) is more easy and simple, effective, efficient and popular algorithm for classification. KNN is a straight forward classifier and classification is done based on its nearest neighbour. For example clinical databases like that. Classification methods produce inaccurate results; hence this algorithm helps to produce accurate results for this. In India Heart disease is one of the leading cause.is 32% and in Canada it is 35%.By keeping in the view of all these considerations a perfect system that is highly decision supportive is required. Here we proposed a hybrid algorithm which is a combination of evolutionary algorithm Genetic algorithm in combination with KNN for good accuracy and perfect classification.Genetic Algorithms are used perform global search for fitness solutions and KNN used to classify them.

Preparation and Characterization of Protein Rich Bites (Protobites)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Deepti N.Chaudhari | Dr. Anupama N. Devkatte, Tejas Dongare, Omkar Dhanke

Abstract

Human body requires all the nutrients in proper and adequate quantity for proper growth and development. Today’s urban life is becoming more faster and faster that no one has enough time to take complete meal which can provide all the required nutrients to body . Therefore there is need of such food products which can provide a consumer with all the essential nutrients like Carbohydrates and Proteins in a single bite. Also today’s modern lifestyle aims at consuming food products with low fat content. Proto-bites is such an initiative taken by team of research scholars to develop a food product with high carbohydrate and protein content and low fat content which is perfectly suited for modern lifestyle. The product developed is free from Maida and wheat flour, thus it is gluten free. It consist of zero Trans fat and cholesterol. The product has high shelf life and is highly cost effective as it is produced from raw materials which are very cheap in cost. Therefore it can serve as concentrated source of nutrients for economically backward people of society in low cost .It has potent of antibiotic, antibacterial and antifungicidal properties

Preparation of Cupcake Using Whey Powder as Egg Replacer

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th October 2017

Mane K. A | Khandekar V. B

Abstract

In present study cupcakes were prepared by using three different combinations of maida and whey powder as egg replacer. For preparation of cupcake all ingredients such as maida, sugar, shortening, milk, baking powder and whey powder were mixed to form batter. This batter was poured in moulds and baked in oven at 170 0C for 15 min. Three samples were prepared using three different combinations of maida and whey powder (100:15, 100:25 and 100:35). Protein content of cupcake using whey was found in the range from 12.09 to 17.80%. The protein content was found maximum i.e. 17.80% in sample containing 100:35 proportion of maida and whey powder followed by sample containing 100:25 proportions (15.10%). Carbohydrates in cupcake were found in the range from 44.00 to 47.10%. Fat content were found 27.00 to 27.80%. Organoleptic properties were evaluated by using 9 point hedonic scale. Better colour and taste were observed in case of cupcake containing 100:15 and 100:25 proportions of maida and whey powder. The overall acceptability of cupcakes with 100:15 and 100:25 proportions was 7.9 and 7.4, respectively.

Prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus in acute coronary syndrome patients – A hospital based study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th October 2017

Dr Aamir Rashid | 

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease are two widely connected entities .The prevalence of undiagnosed Diabetes in and impact on survival of ACS patients is largely unknown in our population .Aims and objectives To study the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus in acute coronary syndrome patients and study short term all cause mortality in different diabetic and non diabetic subgroups -a hospital based study. Material & Methods The study was conducted in the Postgraduate Department of Medicine at Government Medical college, Srinagar. It was prospective Observational study .It included all patients, admitted as acute coronary syndrome in medicine department in between the period from April 2014 to August 2015 with diagnosis of acute coronary Syndromes which include STEMI, NSTEMI and Unstable Angina. Patients was categorized into 5 groups known T2DM , prediabete, first time detected Diabetes ,Non –Diabetic ACS patients (5) Stress induced hyperglycemia . .All cause 30 day mortality was seen in all patient taken under study. Observation and results . In our study total of 693 ACS patients were enrolled. The mean age of patients was 61.20 ± 11.69 years. Males predominated in comparision to females with 4:1 ratio. 102 (14.7%) had undiagnosed (first time detected) diabetes. Diabetic and 1st time detected diabetic had double the mortality as compared to the normal and pre-diabetic group(10.8 %,8.8% vs 5.8%). Conclusion: Undiagnosed diabetes in patients with ACS is not uncommon in our population .Diabetic status profoundly affects the short term mortality of ACS patients .

Primary School Education in Kolkata, India: A Few Observances

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th June 2018

Dr. Joyoti Das | 

Abstract

India is striving towards achieving universal elementary education. Sarva Siksha Abhiyan and National Council of Educational Research and Training have started many initiatives. These initiatives have yielded positive results. But, there are still some problems that have come to my notice since I have started teaching in primary school in Kolkata. This paper highlights these problems and recommends solutions.

Primary School Education in Kolkata, India: A Few Observances

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th June 2018

Dr. Joyoti Das | 

Abstract

India is striving towards achieving universal elementary education. Sarva Siksha Abhiyan and National Council of Educational Research and Training have started many initiatives. These initiatives have yielded positive results. But, there are still some problems that have come to my notice since I have started teaching in primary school in Kolkata. This paper highlights these problems and recommends solutions.

Product Recommendation from Textual Reviews Using Hybrid Filtering Approach

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th June 2018

Sunil Jadhav | Ritambhara Rajeshirke

Abstract

The amount of information on the internet grows rapidly and people need some system to find and access appropriate information. Recommender Systems (RS) are currently used in both the research and in the commercial areas. RS are information filtering systems that deal with the problem of Information Overload. The existing recommendation is based on POI (Point of Interest), Geographical location, User Preference learning and algorithms like LDA, OGRPL (Online Graph Regularized User Preference learning) are used for information extraction and also use the Attribute Pruning (AP), Frank-Wolfe algorithm for improving the performance of the system with some limitation like high retraining cost, unable to capture change in preferences, work for specific value of k. The proposed system recommendation is base on sentiment prediction from textual review using the LDA for feature extraction and is originally based on Hybrid Filtering Approach. K numbers of products are recommended to the user. Hence, the proposed system improves the prediction accuracy of the recommendation system

Production of Spicy Pockets enriched by Omega 3 Fatty Acids and Calcium

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Dr. A. N. Devkatte | D. N. Chaudhary, D. D. Toshniwal, P. B. Thube, P. V. Waghmode

Abstract

Snacks are considered as dietary supplement for many consumers who are affected with nutritional related disorders. Hence the aim of this new food product development was to monitor the snacks pattern of consumer during their break-time. This study was also proposed to provide them with the Indian traditional snacks and find the preference of those snacks among the consumers. Snack foods, being one of the major food categories of the global health and wellness market, are becoming a major focus of new product development (NPD) in the food industry. A snack food utilizing multigrain flour as its main ingredient was developed and characterized. Snack product was identified as they are low nutrient content and deep fat fried product with significantly high fat content. Variable samples were prepared by incorporating refined wheat flour, gram flour, rice flour, corn flour, spices, flax seeds, ragi flour etc. Calcium content of Spicy Pockets was almost doubled with the addition of ragi flour. There was an increase in Omega 3 fatty acids in Spicy pocket with addition of flax seeds. Spicy pockets were tried for the proportion of flax seed powder, ragi flour and thus standardized for 10%, 5%, respectively. Study was the most appropriate tool to find out the restoration of Indian traditional snacks among consumers and statistical calculation was carried out. Overall results from this study have shown that the crackers/ wafers were consumed by most of the consumers during their break-time. On the contrary a vast percentage of the consumers preferred our Indian traditional snacks. This study concludes that consumers are in urge to restore our Indian traditional snacks among the consumer

Project on Demonetizationsolution

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th August 2017

Aashika | 

Abstract

The project deals on the device looks like a smart card but include GPRS and RFID which is connected to network. All the users are given with this type of card, which is unique from one another. Here the two main technologies used are Nearfield communication (NFC) and Farfieldcommunication(FFC). The transaction occurs just by scanning of two cards.The main advantage of this project is complete elimination of corruption which now mainly relaying on hard cash.

Quality of Work Life

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Mr. Ramesh.V | 

Abstract

In modern era, it has been observed that stress management has become one of the most substantial concepts in the professional environment. It is also seen that working efficiency has degraded to some extent as professionals are unable to maintain a balance between their personal and professional lives. This difference has made organizations to formulate such policies that lead to better job performance which results in job satisfaction moreover employee satisfaction. This degree of satisfaction has been referred to as QUALITY OF WORK LIFE. Quality of work life is a process in an organization which enables its members at all levels to participate actively and effectively in shaping organizational environment, methods and outcomes. This study focuses on the subjective matter of QWL i.e. its key elements like job security, job performance, employee satisfaction etc.

Quantitative Analysis of Methyl-Coenzyme M Reductase (MCRA) Gene in a Biogas Producing Reactor Treating Brewery Wastewater

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th December 2017

Abimbola M. Enitan | John O. Odiyo, Feroz M. Swalaha

Abstract

Among the organisms that are involved in digestion of organic matter degradation methanogens are the major microbial group responsible for methane production. This study quantify the concentration of total bacteria and methyl-coenzyme M reductase α-subunit (mcrA) gene, specific functional gene for methane-producing Archaeal in an anaerobic reactor treating brewery wastewater using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR). Primer sets targeting mcrA gene and total bacteria were used to detect and quantify the concentration present in the sludge samples. Q-PCR results showed that a high amount of mcrA gene that codes for the functional enzyme in methane producing Archaea are present in the reactor. However, the ratio of Archaea to bacteria concentration is lower and this revealed that the quantity of methane producing communities needs to be enhanced in this reactor, in order to increase biofuel production. The results further increased our understanding on the ability of methanogens to grow in high concentration at an optimum reactor performance in anaerobic condition to transform organic substrate present in industrial wastes into biogas as source of renewable energy.

Reactive Extraction of 2-methylenesuccinic acid using Tri-N-Butyl Phosphate In Natural Non-Toxic Diluent

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

M.D. Waghmare  | V. U. Ambalkar ,A. Waheed Deshmukh

Abstract

Reactive extraction is one of the most promising technique emerging as a substitute to recover caboxylic acids from the fermentation brothas compared to conventional methods.However the toxicity of the extractants and diluents is the major limitation to use this technique forthe recoveryof carboxylic acids from bioreactors. Selection of an extractant and diluent for reactive extraction should be on the basis of minimal toxicity and maximum extractive efficiency. Present paper deals with reactive extraction of 2-methylenesuccinic acid using tri-n-butyl phosphate in natural non-toxic sesame oil. Results were presented in terms of effect of dose of extrcant, distribution coefficients, loading ratio and degree of extraction. Both physical and chemical extraction methods were studied and the better performances of extractant-diluent combination over the diluent alone were observed.

Reading Harold Pinter‟s “The Lover” as a Schizophrenia play

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th June 2018

Rashmi Borah | 

Abstract

This paper deals with the study of Harold Pinter’s play ‘The Lover’ as a schizophrenia play. It tends to analyze the instances which occupy the play although it is a mental term but with a literary point of study. The splitting of psychic is as an escape from the life of monotony of monogamy. Implications of various tools such as change of role, names, appearances and time which plays an important factor in the play. The game of fantasy occupies the mind of the characters which contrasts between the bourgeoisies of domestic yearning and sexcapades. This schizophrenia adds on to the play as absurdic.

Recent Trends and Challenges in Physical Education and Sports Sciences

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2018

Sunanth T.S Raj | 

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to identify the current trends and challenges in physical education and sports and based on these current challenges, future trends and challenges would be discussed. There are various factors which are diminishing the interest of students in physical education activities. Although the physical education is being taught as a part of curriculum in all the schools but lack of adequate time and trained teachers, good facilities are responsible for little interest in this field. The future challenges to make this field interesting involves an adequate curriculum, sufficient funds allotment for holding various competitions and role of technology to create awareness about the importance of physical activities and sports in our daily life. All these issues have been discussed in the present study.

Recovery of Coal by Froth Flotation Equipment

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

M.Shireesha  | N.Rama,P.Harini, A.Mounika, K.Dinesh

Abstract

- Coal in India and worldwide, is cleaned predominantly by dense medium separations. But when it comes to cleaning of fine coals such as mine dust, slack coal, washing rejects and slurries, froth flotation method of coal cleaning has better efficiency and handling. In this method of wet cleaning, froth is made in a flotation cell by bubbling air through water in presence of frothing agents, collecting agents on addition pure and light coal adhere to air bubble while the dirtier part sinks to bottom of the cell. Thus clean coal is recovered from the collected froth amount. In this current project froth flotation was being carried in a fixed froth flotation cell used in the laboratory. Runs of froth flotation have been carried out using the same stock of coal but varying the size of coal fines, concentration of coal slurries and different doses of collecting agents, frothing agents and of their mixtures. After the completion of the process the slurry consisting coal is collected and dried in atmospheric conditions. In order to measure the ash content, moisture content, volatile content, and fixed carbon in recovered coal were calculated by proximate analysis. Effect of size of particles in slurry was very much visible while the recovery was enhanced when higher dose of collecting agents and frothing agents were used. Use of advanced frothing agents and collecting agents can be studied further in this direction.

Regeneration Pattern in Oak-mixed forests at High Altitude of Uttarakhand Himalaya

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

Jagdish Chandra | 

Abstract

Four forest habitats varying in important dominant tree species were studied along an altitudinal range of 2200-2500 m asl high altitude forests. These forests were low disturbance by human activities. The stream bank habitat Rhododendron arboreum was the dominant species showing the presence of saplings. The forest was young with preponderance of younger size classes. The relative density of trees of the older size classes was low. The seedling recruitment in all the under canopy tree species (Lyonia ovalifolia, Q. leucotrichophora and Q. semecarpifolia) was low. The dry habitat Quercus leucotrichophora was the dominant species showing the presence of seedlings, saplings and young trees. Seedlings of R. arboreum, Q. semecarpifolia and L. ovalifolia were absent. The seedling relative density of Q. leucotrichophora was low as compared to sapling relative density. The seedling recruitment in all the canopy tree species namely Quercus leucotrichophora, Quercus semecarpifolia and Rhododendron arboreum was low. The ridge habitat Lyonia ovalifolia was the dominant species and presence of seedlings, saplings and young trees. The density of seedlings of R. arboreum was low as compared to sapling density. The forest was young with preponderance of younger size classes. The relative density of the trees in the older size class was low. The moist habitat Rhododendron arboreum was the most dominant tree species and showing the presence of seedlings, saplings and young trees. The seedling density of Lyonia ovalifolia was low compared to the sapling density. The forest was young with preponderance of younger size classes. The under canopy tree species on this habitat were Q. semecarpifolia, Q. leucotrichophora and L. Ovalifolia. The high altitude of all habitats Quercus leucotrichophora and Q. semecarpifolia were dominant. The presence of seedlings and saplings of both the Quercus species at all locations indicates that these oak species are regenerating fairly well in the high altitude habitats.

Regeneration Pattern in Oak-mixed forests at High Altitude of Uttarakhand Himalaya

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th April 2018

Jagdish Chandra | 

Abstract

Four forest habitats varying in important dominant tree species were studied along an altitudinal range of 2200-2500 m as high altitude forests. These forests were the low disturbance by human activities. The stream bank habitat Rhododendron arboretum was the dominant species showing the presence of saplings. The forest was young with a preponderance of younger size classes. The relative density of trees of the older size classes was low. The seedling recruitment in all the under canopy tree species (Lyonia ovalifolia, Q. leucotrichophora and Q. semecarpifolia) was low. The dry habitat Quercus leucotrichophora was the dominant species showing the presence of seedlings, saplings and young trees. Seedlings of R. arboreum, Q. semecarpifolia and L. ovalifolia were absent. The seedling relative density of Q. leucotrichophora was low as compared to sapling relative density. The seedling recruitment in all the canopy tree species namely Quercus leucotrichophora, Quercus semecarpifolia and Rhododendron arboreum was low. The ridge habitat Lyonia ovalifolia was the dominant species and presence of seedlings, saplings and young trees. The density of seedlings of R. arboreum was low as compared to sapling density. The forest was young with the preponderance of younger size classes. The relative density of the trees in the older size class was low. The moist habitat Rhododendron arboretum was the most dominant tree species and showing the presence of seedlings, saplings and young trees. The seedling density of Lyonia ovalifolia was low compared to the sampling density. The forest was young with the preponderance of younger size classes. The under canopy tree species on this habitat was Q. semecarpifolia, Q. leucotrichophora and L. ovalifolia. The high altitude of all habitats Quercus leucotrichophora and Q. semecarpifolia were dominant. The presence of seedlings and saplings of both the Quercus species at all locations indicates that these oak species are regenerating fairly well in the high altitude habitats.

Relation between Storage Volume and Erosion Control Performance of Woven Geomesh

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Vinay Kumar Midha | Suresh Kumar S

Abstract

Soil management techniques using vegetation and geomesh can mitigate runoff soil erosion. In this paper, the erosion control performance of different grade commercial coir and jute geomeshes were studied at different angle of soil slope using ASTM D 7101 standards, in a bench-sale setup with some modifications. The erosion control performance of geomeshes were correlated with the calculated storage volume of geomeshes and it was observed that the coir geomesh have better correlation with R 2 value of 0.858. Whereas, jute geomesh have a moderate correlation with R 2 value of 0.640, due to additional influence of high drapability, which facilitates better contact with soil surface and results in better performance than the calculated storage volume

Reliable Human Identification using IRIS as a Biometric

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Jayshree Sali | C.B.Kadu

Abstract

Among various methods of personal identification iris recognition is regarded as the most reliable and accurate system available. The purpose of this paper is to represent iris recognition algorithm so as to prove its reliability as a biometric on the basis of its performance. The images selected for study are from CASIA iris database. The classification is done on the basis of the most repeatedly occurring class using KNN classifier. Euclidian distance metric was employed to check the similarity between two iris images and the two images said to be matched if its value is less than or equal to threshold. The system was tested and shown an overall accuracy of 97.5 % with false rejection rate of 3% and false acceptance rate of 2%.

Removal of Ammonical Nitrogen using Biological Bacterial process.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th February 2018

Helly Mehta | Desai Raj, Shiv Mehta

Abstract

The study culminates in the development of a hybrid process in abatement of one environmental problem of the industries generating ammonical wastewater. The removal of NH4-N from Pharmaceutical wastewater was conducted successfully on a laboratory scale. The Scope of this research or experiment was to study the Biological Process by the use of mixed bacterial culture for the treatment of Pharma wastewater. Mixed bacterial culture with different concentration was used for biological nitrification and denitrification process for a comparative study. In the biological process, different concentration of bacterial inoculum was inoculated in anaerobic condition. The results show around 90% reduction in COD and Ammonical nitrogen by this process.

Research on Energy Saving MAC Protocol Based on Reporting Service in Wireless Sensor Networks

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 9th March 2018

A. S. Chethan | G. N. Sekhar, Annamma Abraham

Abstract

The paper presents a study of a forced flow and heat transfer of an electrically conducting Newtonian fluid in the presence of a magnetic field due to an exponentially stretching sheet. Thermal radiation term is incorporated in the temperature equation. The governing coupled, non-linear, partial differential equations are converted into coupled, non-linear, ordinary differential equations by a similarity transformation and are solved numerically using shooting method. The influence of various parameters such as the Prandtl number, Chandrasekhar number, variable viscosity parameter, heat source (sink) parameter, radiation parameter and suction/injection on velocity and temperature profiles are presented and discussed.

Research Paper on Observation of Toxicity and Hemolytic Properties of Indian Common Krait Along With Effect of Chemicals, Ph, Light and Radiations

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th April 2018

Anju | 

Abstract

Nearly 20,000 people die every year from snakebite in India alone. More than 285 species of snakes are known to exist in India itself. Among these, nearly 58 are known to cause fatal bites. The venom of B. caeruleus is highly lethal: LD50 is 10-12 µg for 70-75 Kg man. Here the specific characters of Indian common krait venom like toxicity and haemolytic activity are studied. Effect of light, pH, chemicals and radiations has also been studied. Hydrogen peroxide reduced the toxicity to 99% but immunogenicity is also lost up to 29%. The effect of electromagnetic spectrum on the venom of Bungarus caeruleus has also been observed. It was found that the venom turns totally non-toxic at 22°C and 37 °C when stored for 28 days, but immunogenicity of the venom is reduced too. After irradiation, there is a change in a number of physical and chemical properties of the proteins. It may further have produced rearrangement of the protein. We can observe the loss of immunogenic components when exposed to UV, infra-red rays and to direct sunlight. The venom is subjected to various temperatures and the effect on reduction of toxicity and immunogenicity has been observed.

Response of Broiler Chickens to Different Dietary Fibre Source

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 9th January 2018

Ajighjigh, D.T. | Doma, U.D, Egbo, M. L, Mahmoud, M, Maidal A, Zagi. S. P

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the performance of broiler chickens fed different fibre sources. Five experimental diets were formulated to contain wheat offal (WO), maize offal (MO) rice offal(RO), sorghum offal (SO) and millet offal (MLO) at 10% (starter) and 15% (finisher) diets represented as T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 respectively. Three hundred Amor broiler chicks were randomly allotted to the five dietary treatments in a completely randomized design (CRD). Each treatment was replicated five times with 12 birds per replicate. The results showed that feed intake was significantly (P<0.05) different among treatment groups except for weight gain and feed conversion ratio at both starter and finisher phases. T1 (WO) had the highest daily weight gain (44.93g/bird) and T4 (SO) recorded the lowest (41.38g/bird). Similarly the feed conversion ratio at the overall phase (2.28 -2.47) did not vary among the dietary treatments. Live weight and carcass analysis showed significant (P<0.05) difference except for dressing percentage. However, most of the organs weight were not affected by different fibre sources except liver, pancreas, abdominal fat and large intestine at (P<0.05). The economic analysis showed that feed cost per/kg gain was higher (N319.92/kg gain) in T2 (MO) whereas T1 (WO) recorded the lowest (N289.79/kg gain). It was concluded from the results of the study that MO, RO, SO and MLO are good alternatives to wheat offal as a dietary fibre source in the diets of broiler chickens.

Review Article on Perceptions about Menopause

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th January 2018

Uzma eram | 

Abstract

Most of the women pass through menopause as a normal physiological manifestation of the ageing process and they do not seek any medical intervention. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been used for the treatment of menopausal symptoms for over 50 years. Hot flushes and night sweats are the only symptoms universally reported to respond to oestrogen replacement almost immediately.Socio-cultural factors can affect women’s attitude of menopausal symptoms. These symptoms are less common in societies where menopause is viewed as positive rather than a negative event. Attitudes, perception and expectations are part of the psychosocial phenomenon surrounding menopause. The aim of this study was to review the literature on perceptions and knowledge about menopause.

Review on Efficient Technique for Collection of Data in Wireless Sensor Network

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th April 2018

Shaikh Gauhar Zareen | Manisha M. Ambekar

Abstract

To design a strong detector network, we have a tendency to use quality to avoid communication bottlenecks caused by spatial energy variations. We have a tendency to use a mobile collector, referred to as SenCar, to gather information from selected sensors and balance energy consumptions within the network. We have a tendency to gift a ballroom dancing approach for mobile information assortment. First, we have a tendency to adaptively choose a set of detector locations wherever the SenCar stops to gather information packets in a very multi-hop fashion. We have a tendency to develop an adaptive formula to look for nodes supported their energy and guarantee information assortment tour length is finite. Second, we have a tendency to specialise in planning distributed algorithms to realize most network utility by adjusting information rates, link programming, and flow routing that adapts to the spatial-temporal environmental energy fluctuations. Finally, our numerical results indicate the distributed algorithms will converge to optimality in no time and validate its convergence just in case of node failure.

Review on QSD Multiplier Design Using VHDL

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Pooja s. Rade | Ashwini M. Khode, Rajani N. Kapse, Ankita M. Sor, Smruti G. Bhasme,Prashant Y. Shende

Abstract

- The need for high speed digital circuits became more prominent as portable multimedia and communication applications incorporating information processing and computing. In binary number system carry is a major problem in arithmetical operation including propagation delay and circuit complexity. To overcome this problem signed digit is required for carry free arithmetical operation. Further, literature reviews suggest that multi-valued logic (MVL) would be a better choice to address the problem of developing faster chips to perform faster computational operation. Quaternary Signed Digit (QSD) have major advantages in carry free arithmetical operation This paper is about a new number system for ALU. Carry free addition circuit is used to enhance the speed of operation. The design is structured for m × n multiplication where m and n can reach up to 126 bits. In this paper, we are giving the review of papers for the QSD multiplier.

Review on Smart Hospital using Internet of things for Healthcare system

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 24th May 2018

Aditi Khekale | Piyush Anjankar, Jagdish Pimple

Abstract

Now a day, the rapid use of internet and implementation is there as well as development of medical sensor are used for healthcare applications. All sensor and device are connected to each other so transmission and communication between those sensors can be done easily. In before research there was one disadvantage that if the server gets off then the communication problem can occur to overcome this we are using alarm which will indicate the server is down. Cloud computing is the most important thing in IT-health which consist of data that is required anytime anywhere. The cost of these smart hospital set up can be reduced by deploying Internet of Things (IoT). Thus, this project presents a system which is a combination of sensor technology and Internet of Things (IoT).Using this system one can control electricity equipment’s and monitor level of the medication from a remote place and monitor entire process.

Review Paper On: College Placement Management System and Resume Generation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd May 2018

Shivani Bahadure | Bhairavi Lanjewar, Mrudula Mankar, Snehal Parbat, R. B. Ghate

Abstract

Earlier Training and Placement Officer have to go through manual format but this system help Training and Placement Officer to match company criteria with student profile and depending upon it the students will be shortlisted. All the work regarding the placement activities is done by this system; from collecting data to shortlist the student. This system provides the facility to automated resume and simplified registration process. To generate the list of eligible students for placement. This system place the best co-ordination between teacher and student regarding campus recruitment activities. In This system the admin can conduct the mock-s test, and the according to company criteria they can short - lists the student. Student can discuss their difficulties with the departmental staff, Alumni. Notification regarding to recruitment is directly on their EMAIL and Mobile phone

RFID: The Buzzword in Supply Chain

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th December 2017

Sai Lakshmi Salokya Mulumoodi | R.V.S. Prasad

Abstract

RFID is all set to be the technology of the future, especially in supply chain management. It is slowly gaining acceptance among various players. This is said to be the next breakthrough technology after bar codes. It has several advantages over bar codes and will replace them in next few years. RFID helps the retailers in tracking the movement of products from the suppliers to the warehouses and the store. It can also help with better inventory control and hence, cost reduction. In this paper, it is discussed in detail how RFID can help at store level in replenishing the shelves, prevent shoplifting, and gain valuable customer information.

Rheological determination of thermally treated Water clover leaves puree

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th February 2018

Richa Gopal | Amit Keshav, A.B. Soni

Abstract

Rheological behavior of water clover (Marsilea vestita) leave puree is important for the design and establishment of processing units. All rheological measurements were carried out in the temperature range of 28-60oC. The Power law fit with yield stress provided a good description of the flow behavior of the puree and behaved as a shear thinning fluid. The storage modulus (G’) exhibited larger than the loss modulus (G’’) for the puree under oscillatory shear tests. Puree showed a decrement in the consistency index from 337.65±0.94 to 189.24±0.67 significantly (p<0.05) with the increment in the temperature level.

Right to Health - A Study of Abuse of Dominance with Special Reference Pharmaceutical Industry

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 9th January 2018

Dr. Sukhvinder Singh Dari | 

Abstract

The Competition Act, 2002 seeks to regulate those activities that may cause an appreciable adverse effect on the competition. Having an effective competition regime ensures that the consumer interest is not being compromised in any way and that the market is free from any anticompetitive element. The scope of this research paper is limited to Section 4 of The Competition Act 2002. An abuse of dominance occurs when an entity that holds a dominant position prevents or lessens the competition in the market, by using its power. The Competition Commission of India on many occasions has condemned enterprises abusing their dominant status and has imposed huge penalties. This paper is a comprehensive guide for those who want to understand how Section 4 of the Act that pertains to abuse of dominance, can be applied in various scenarios. What amounts to the abuse of dominance cannot be determined easily and requires a detailed investigation. This paper will furnish a basic idea as to how the Competition Commission of India has assessed a Section 4 violation in a sector like Healthcare and pharmaceuticals. The research paper sets forth the law in relation to Abuse of Dominance in India with reference to healthcare and pharmaceutical industries and explains the various requirements to bring out a successful case under Section 4 of the Act. Subsequently deals with a specific sector and demonstrates with the help of case studies how the Commission defined the relevant market, how the assessment was pertaining to dominance done and how did the Commission come to a conclusion that there was an abuse. Finally, the paper gives a fair idea as to how risk can be identified, assessed and mitigated.

Role of an Architect for Safety, Security and Privacy of Smart Cities

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Prof. Shrutee S. Dhanorkar | Prof. Aparna Tarar

Abstract

With the increasing population of urban areas, there are emerging trends and ideas for smart cities to respond the urgent need. It not only refers to the technical and technological advancement of the cities but it does refer to the planning aspects of the city which will help the citizens to have safe and secured built environment; retaining the privacy of spaces. These planning considerations will have great impact on human lives and their issues related to privacy and security. There is a conscious need to include privacy and security requirements into architectural Designs from the initial stage of design. The paper summarizes the major challenges and emerging issues to be watched out for the planning considerations of safe and secure built environment of smart cities. The key observation is that security and safety can be achieved: 1. By carving out interactive junctions to replace dark narrow spaces; 2. By imposing the spaces which can be directly viewed through the structures around (visual connectivity); 3. By integrating un-built spaces with the built spaces which will be used for different activities in different time slots of the day. In larger perspective this research proves to be fruitful for contribution towards smart city planning strategies which can be referred for designing safe and secured environment maintaining the privacy. This helps to nurture the sense of safety in built and un-built spaces of a smart city

Role of Bit coin in Indian Economy-A brief study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th December 2017

Kapil Sharma | Harshita Gupta, Leena Soni

Abstract

The article focuses on the Bitcoin adoption in India and mentions brief information on the Bitcoin cryptocurrency, the scope of the adoption of Bitcoin in the country and some challenges to Bitcoin adoption concerning Rupee exchange as well as security and privacy concerns.This article is an outcome of the exploratory study on the perception and role of Bitcoin in the Indian economy and its impact on society with a special emphasis on India. The overall reaction is obtained from various groups in the sample. This paper highlights and discusses the issues on both sides of bitcoin mainly in interest of financial organizations and economists with a prospective transformation, with an application of advanced technology, and revolution with a digital currency

Role of E-Learning In Higher Education: Issues and Challenges

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

Shweta Mishra | Vidhi Rajora

Abstract

Technological development and the Internet have changed people’s lives on different scale including teaching and learning. E-learning is being used to improve communication, collaboration, sharing of resources, promoting active learning, and delivery of education in distance learning mode. E-learning has become a necessity in higher education institutions and is being deployed in educational establishments throughout the world. Teaching and Learning in an e learning environment happens differently than in traditional classrooms and can present new challenges to instructors and learners participating in this new learning environment. Utilizing the internet to deliver e learning initiatives has created expectations in higher education institutions. Understanding issues &challenges in respect of e-learning is of significant importance and this paper attempts to identify the role of e learning in higher education.

Role of Hawthrone Studies in Human RelationApproach” Neo Classical Theory

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Mandeep Singh | 

Abstract

Human relation approach has highly influential in the modern world, first coined in the industrial scene, has penetrated far reaching scenario since its relatively recent inception in the 1920’s by Elton Mayo and his colleagues. They are well kno wn as Mayo group in human relations literature. Illumination experiment is the first one with which they started experimenting; later on they did some other experiments also. Elton Mayo often referred to as the Father of the "Human Relations" approach because of his intuitive thinking. He headed a staff of men who were to revolutionize the then-current trends and beliefs in industrial relations at the Hawthorne plant of the western Electric Company in Chicago. "In general, the studies established that men are not typically individualistic and materialistic, but social beings with social as well as material needs." This study shows how Hawthrone studies make an impact in human relation approach and it also reveals the importance of social and psychological factors in determining the workers’ productivity and satisfaction.

Role of Integrated nutrient management to sustain productivity of intercropping system

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th October 2017

Amit M. Pujar | 

Abstract

Textile industry is the backbone of industrial economy of India and cotton is the basic raw material of the industry. Cotton the king of fibres, is an industrial commodity of worldwide importance besides earning foreign exchange. India stands first among all the cotton growing countries of the world with an area of 11.70 m. ha, which accounts to one fourth of the world cotton area; and production of 29 m. bales of seed cotton. In India, the productivity of cotton is 532 kg ha-1 as compared to Australia, Turkey and Brazil with 2151, 1484 and 1465 kg ha-1, respectively. To meet the projected target of cotton production by 2025 A.D. many approaches were evaluated, among them intercropping, an agronomic approach was found to be better way. Intercropping helps in the total production with higher returns under dryland conditions, besides better utilization of natural and scarce resources per unit time. Suitable management practices like intercropping, judicious combination of organic and inorganic manures are considered ecologically viable, economically feasible and avoid environmental pollution which ensures sustainability in crop production. Combination of organic and inorganic manures works like slow release fertilizers for providing balanced nutrients to plants. Intercropping of cotton with short duration legume like soybean was found more remunerative than sole cotton.

Role of Talent Management in influencing Employee Engagement and Building Sustainable Competitive Advantage

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th April 2018

Dr.Jyoti Munde | Dr.Gurpreet Attal, Raman Karde

Abstract

Talent Management is an effective Human Resource tool for firms in today’s competitive era. Employee Engagement is an essential element in talent management which drives towards business excellence. Talent Management and Employee engagement are linked such that Talent Management is vital to engaging employees in the organization. Today firms are facing a challenge of not only retaining talent but also fully engaging them at each stage of their work lives. So it is must for the organizations to focus on Talent Management initiatives which will not only capture employee’s mind but also their heart. This is conceptual literature review based paper which explores the strength of talent management in influencing employee engagement for building a sustainable competitive advantage for an organization.

Roman Domination number of some Special graphs

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd August 2018

T. Narmatha |  K. Palani

Abstract

Roman domination number was introduced in an article in Scientific American by Ian Stewart. In this paper, we investigate the Roman domination number of some special graphs such as Pn+2K1, J(m,n),, ACn, Hn, CnʘK1, [Pn:Sm] and Fln. Also, arrived at an algorithm to find a Roman dominating function of any graph and hence the Roman domination number.

Run Time Investigation of Android Application

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th May 2018

T. A. MohanaPrakash | K. Sathyamoorthy, M. Jijendira Prasath

Abstract

Since Modern computing systems are adopted with Android operating systems there always a Need for runtime analysis in android, to reduce the gap of suitability with the real-time environments of android. It uses an agreement-based security model to prevent malware from accessing private data and prerogatives. Android universe dominates the many solutions that bear no resemblance. Underlying operating systems requires the analysis of the software platform, with the virtual machines. This paper also presents Android, a variation of Android that aims to provide real-time capabilities to Android as a whole system and the design AppAudit, an efficient analysis framework that can deliver high detection accuracy with significantly less time and memory. This paper presents a new architecture for scheduling and managing time and accuracy.

Salubrious Curcumin Fortified Whey Beverage Formulation and Study its Antioxidant Property

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th June 2018

Ankitha R | Laxmana Naik N,Ashwani Sharma

Abstract

In this 21st century, sedentary lifestyle has hampered the eating habits which has resulted in inadequate intake of essential nutrients, thereby giving rise to various health complications. The food and beverage we consume plays an important role on our health and intake of right diet help to overcome diverse health problems. Nutraceuticals provide the required dietary supplements with presence of epigenetic modulators have emerged as potential therapeutic agents. Curcumin; a bioactive compound is a potential epigenetic modulator with beneficial properties to promote health. Whey is a by-product of dairy industry, also shows health beneficial properties, in current trend whey based beverage are sold as nutraceutical. In the present study an attempt was made to fortify the curcumin in to whey in order to develop a curcumin rich whey beverage. Curcumin was extracted from raw turmeric by solvent extraction, it was purified. Curcumin, sweetener and flavor level were optimized in the fortified beverage. The antioxidant activity of curcumin extracts and formulated whey beverage was determined by DPPH assay and it was estimated to be 60.56% and 43.51% respectively. Developed curcumin fortified whey beverage had 2 weeks of shelf life at refrigeration condition. Due to whey and curcumin, developed product can be considered as beneficial and highly nutritional in terms of functional properties.

Salubrious Curcumin Fortified Whey Beverage Formulation and Study its Antioxidant Property

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th July 2018

Ankitha R | Laxmana Naik N, Ashwani Sharma

Abstract

In this 21st century, sedentary lifestyle has hampered the eating habits which has resulted in the inadequate intake of essential nutrients, thereby giving rise to various health complications. The food and beverage we consume play an important role in our health and intake of right diet help to overcome diverse health problems. Nutraceuticals provide the required dietary supplements with the presence of epigenetic modulators have emerged as potential therapeutic agents. Curcumin; a bioactive compound is a potential epigenetic modulator with beneficial properties to promote health. Whey is a by-product of the dairy industry, also shows health beneficial properties, in current trend whey based beverage, is sold as the nutraceutical. In the present study, an attempt was made to fortify the curcumin into whey in order to develop a curcumin-rich whey beverage. Curcumin was extracted from raw turmeric by solvent extraction, it was purified. Curcumin, sweetener and flavor level were optimized in the fortified beverage. The antioxidant activity of curcumin extracts and formulated whey beverage was determined by DPPH assay and it was estimated to be 60.56% and 43.51% respectively. Developed curcumin fortified whey beverage had 2 weeks of shelf life at refrigeration condition. Due to whey and curcumin, the developed product can be considered as beneficial and highly nutritional in terms of functional properties.

Saving Habits of Students Residing In the Western Suburban Area of Mumbai

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

Samrat Srivastava | Dharmik Joshi

Abstract

The purpose of this study is investigating the significant relationship between factors that influence saving habits among students. This study was performed on three (3) different age groups . The objective of this study is to investigate the saving habits of students and to identify which factors will be the most influential among financial literacy, parental socialization, peer influence and self control. The study used saving habits as a dependent variable and the independent variables used are financial literacy (FL), parental socialization (PS), peer influence (PI) and self control (SC). Person Correlation Coefficient analysis has been applied to examine the significant relationship between independent variables with dependent variables. The results show that peer influence played the most important roles in influence saving habits among students, and the weakest is self control.

Screening for the Compatible Solute Producing Halobacterium Isolated From Thoothukudi Saltpans and Its Efficacy as a Formulation in Skin Moisturizer

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th September 2018

Deepalaxmi RK | Gayathri C

Abstract

Microorganisms living in habitats of high ionic strength produce and accumulate compatible solutes aiming at protecting themselves from hyper osmotic environmental stresses. Compatible solutes of halophiles have current applications as bio-stabilizers of proteins and genetic material. Interestingly, out of 9 strains isolated from the saltpans of Thoothukudi district, India, only one strain had the capacity to synthesize compatible solute. This solute was found to protect the cells from UV radiation. With these properties, a skin formulation has been invented using compatible solute as an element. The organism was later identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing method. Hence, the invention is directed to a cosmetic or dermatological composition which also found to possess antioxidant properties. The compounds responsible for the activity were identified by GC-MS analysis. I

Secured Coin Based Cell Phone Charger with RFID

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th December 2017

Prashantha.K | Sangamesh, Praveen Kumar, Ruchitha.C, Rashmi K

Abstract

In this project, a coin based secured cell phone charger with RFID is designed for public people to use. Cell phone charger is also provided with RFID for mobile security. Many times the mobile battery becomes low down or lifeless in the middle of the talk. When the right to use to standard phone charger and availability of grid power supply is not convenient, in such cases this coin-based secured cell phone charger with RFID is very much useful. The coin-based secured cell phone charger works in accordance with programming written in the “PIC C”. When a coin is inserted, the microcontroller will detect the input. The controller reads the program written in „c‟. The tray placed to facilitate the charging of the mobile is opened which contains RFID card for mobile security and multi-pin charger. Mobile is placed in the tray and the tray is closed within the time that is written in the code. Meanwhile, relay switches multi-pin charger. The time period depends on the coding written in the controller. With the help of multi-pin charger, we can charge different mobiles. And by providing two or more trays it is possible to charge more than one mobile at a time. After the time of charging is completed the customer can punch RFID card to the RFID reader and can withdraw the mobile from the tray.

Secured Life Style behind the Investment Decision is the True Mirror of The Indian Financial Market: An Empirical Justification.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th January 2018

Dr. Saroj Kumar Sahoo | Yadav Devi Prasad Behera, Tushar Ranjan Sahoo

Abstract

Human beings always have a sense of security while taking any decision in the life. This sense of security is just not reflected in their decisions but it is rooted in the lifestyle of Indian customers (including financial product customers) which ultimately build their way of living in the society. Secured lifestyle makes an individual to take cautious purchase decisions to ensure a somewhat secured return, which holds good for purchase decision of financial products also. Research problem In the above context, the research problem is stated as “can the sense of security in the mind of financial-product-customer be a better predictor of investment decision making towards those financial products, which are secured to some extent? Aim of the study (1)To identify secured lifestyle characteristics of financial-product customers in India, (2) to examine the impact of secured life style characteristics of financial-product customers on their purchase decision making, (3) to differentiate the sense of security of investors along the demographic variables. Research design & methodology The causative research design is followed in this study where the relationship between lifestyle characteristics and investment decision making is examined. Here stratified random sampling method is adopted with a structured questionnaire to the sample size of 100. The respondents for the study are customers of financial products. Data is analysed through factor analysis, multiple linear regression. Important findings It was found that the secured lifestyle characteristics or the sense of security have a significant positive impact on investment decision making. The differences in secured lifestyle along the demographic variables are identified significantly. Originality/Contribution The contribution

Security Issues in Hadoop Framework: A Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th April 2018

K. Vishal Reddy | Jayantrao B. Patil, Ratnadeep R.Deshmukh

Abstract

In this era of Big Data, organizations collect massive volumes of data in order to derive insights for making decisions. To handle and process big data, new architectures and technologies were evolved. Out of these technologies, Hadoop framework has been adopted by many organizations for storing and processing large complex data. Hadoop framework is an open source technology which has not prioritized security in its initial stages of development. Originally Hadoop has developed to work behind the firewall. But, due to widespread acceptance of Hadoop by many enterprises has provoked most of the cloud distributors for providing Hadoop-as-a-service. This paper firstly describes Hadoop framework, then Hadoop execution on OpenStack and finally focuses on the recent efforts taken by various researchers to provide security in Hadoop framework.

Self-Tuned PID Based Speed Control of BLDC Motor

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th December 2018

Anuradha S Muley | Dr. R.M Autee

Abstract

Brushless DC Motors (BLDCM) have found immerse applications in automobile, automation, consumer electronics, medical and industrial applications due to their high efficiency, long operating life ratio of torque delivered to the size and fast dynamic response. In a brushless motor, the rotor incorporates the magnets, and the stator contains the windings. Commutation is implemented electronically with electronic speed controller (ESC) which uses the semiconductor switches to change current in the windings based on the motor back EMF. PID controller is designed in MATLAB Simulink software and PID gains are tuned using auto tuning method. Digital PID controller is then implemented on FPGA as it provides greater flexibility and higher resources for implementing control algorithms. FPGA (PID controller) receives back EMF output from BLDC motor and generates the gate pulses which drive the switches of electronic speed controller. Actual speed of the motor is compared with the reference speed given and the error signal is processed in a PID controller to obtain the required pulse width. As the motor rotates, feedback (back EMF) signals are produced in accordance with rotor position. Three phase voltages are produced from ESC after they receive the decoded signals. These voltages are fed as input to the motor and it rotates at required speed.

Semantic Educational Data Extraction Using Structural Domain Relationships

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th December 2017

Manchikatla Srikanth | 

Abstract

In the mining industry', some of the domains are most popular and it plays a vital role in the specific area. Educational Mining and Web-Data Extraction are the two important factors play a leading role in mining industry. The main objective of the proposed system is to extract the related contents from web using semantic (relating to meaning in language or logic) principles as well as to allow the providers to dynamically generate the web pages for educational content and allow the users to search and extract the data from server based on content. The main model of this system is to illustrate the adaptive learning system. For demonstration we consider the semantic principles for Educational content over dynamic environment. This site allows the providers to create web pages related to educational content dynamically and this will be getting approved by the Administrator to live in process. Once the site is live the users can search for the exact content present into the site based on semantic principles. The proposed model is designed for dynamic web data extraction and content analysis from the extracted data due to educational principles. In the proposed system Semantic Web Extraction (SWE) procedures are highly analyzed and utilized for content manipulations. Energetic data extraction scheme for users based on educational content rather than header, title, meta tags and descriptions.

Semi-Automated Puffed Rice Machine Using Agricultural Waste Burnt Low Smoke Stove

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th June 2018

Anirudh Mallya U | Ashwith I Mendonca, Allan Loy D’souza, Jonathan Rodrigues, Manjunath Patel G.C, Prasanna Kumar

Abstract

Production of puffed rice is still more popular in rural areas at different parts of our country. Till date no mechanized industries developed yet for the production of puffed rice in large scale. Traditionally thousands of people are actively involved to fulfil the production demand. The currently practiced production method is proven inefficient, due to enormous stress experienced by human during production, seeks minimum three human operators who were subjected to work in hazardous environment (i.e. high heat and radiation, work with lot of smoke and dust) during the production process. This results in serious threat to human health and production cost. Thereby, attempts are made to design and fabricate a low cost semi-automated puffed rice machine. The agriculture waste (i.e. dried rice husk, arecanut shells and leaves) is used as energy source for the production of puffed rice. The new semi-automated portable puffed rice machine is capable to operate with single user, low smoke and cost

Service Quality in Commercial Banks: A Study of Public Sector Banks in Warangal District

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd November 2017

D.Srinivas | 

Abstract

This study attempts an investigation of the service quality process in public sector banks, and the customers’ satisfaction thereof. In addition, it will evaluate the existing literature and establish the identity of the gaps in the literature, which will provide the framework on which this research is based. One of the study’s major contributions to the advancement of knowledge is the investigation of the service quality process from a comparative perspective of different commercial banks customer perceptions and expectations. Most of the existing literature refers almost exclusively to the perception of service quality and determining customer satisfaction based on disconfirmation of expectation from customer perspective. The concept advanced within the present study focuses on the role of discriminating customers as satisfied and dissatisfied with the assessment of customer satisfaction on banking services as a refined process. This chapter emphasizes on discussion of the evolution of the literature on customer satisfaction, then the relationship between customer satisfaction and service quality, measuring service quality using modified SERVQUAL model, research gap, and conceptual framework

SIGMA V Elements in Lattice Modules

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Dr. C. S. Manjarekar | A. N. Chavan, Dr. U. R. Biraje

Abstract

Let L be a compactly generated multiplicative lattice with 1 compact in which every finite product of compact elements is compact and M be a module over L which is also a compactly generated in which the largest element is compact. In this paper we define Ap, in the lattice module M and obtain many properties where p is prime element of L. Finally we define - element in a lattice module M and obtain it's properties.

Silicon based Antennas-The Concept and Implementation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Ranjana Trivedi | Ritesh Saraswat,Susheela Choudhary,Pradeep Kumar Sharma

Abstract

The miniaturization of system is the growing demand of electronic industry. As we need to reduce the size, it needs a high level integration and low powers circuits for a small battery requirement. We need the small wave lengths and integrated antennas on chip for high frequency systems. Fractal structure antennas can be used for the structure of an antenna that can be compact in size with large band width. The fabrication process for this is well-matched with the standard CMOS process. A multiband Minkowski fractal patch antenna and Sierpinski carpet fractal antenna on an SOI substrate show a small return loss of for both the bands. The radiation efficiency, bandwidth and directivity are respectively according to the requirements

Simulation of β – α Transformation In Ti-6Al-4V using Cellular Automata

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Abil Joseph Eapen | Dr. R S Sudheesh

Abstract

The transformation from β titanium to α titanium is a fast process, andhence simulation of the process is a reliable technique for the understanding of their microstructural evolution and the morphology of the transformed phase. Cellular Automata (CA) is the technique used here for the simulation. In this technique, the considered lattice is divided into a number of cells and based on the property determining parameters of the material, dependent variables are calculated for each cell. Initial Ti- 6Al-4V microstructure is mapped to the MATLAB by an image. Based on the assumptions and the thermodynamic properties of Ti-6Al-4V all relevant properties and microstructure is captured by incorporating nucleation and its growth and vanadium diffusion. Vanadium diffusion is solved b inite ifference ethod using appropriate boundar conditions The simulation is done for three different cooling rates , s

Sino-Iranian Oil Investment: Current Status Analysis and Countermeasure Research

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th April 2018

Soroush Haghsefat | Yan Zhijun, Kianoush Haghsefat

Abstract

One of the most significant current discussions in Economics is the foreign investment factor, which Iran and China also have been involved. As China is the most prevalent foreign exchange reserves, united with superb latent in Iranian oil investment environment, bilateral cooperation will not only endorse the development of Iran’s oil diligence, it will support the growth of Iran’s national economy, but also it will have the same outcome for Chinese enterprises, and it is more vital to provide a solid guarantee for China’s oil security. Furthermore, oil imports security is a necessity to oil security, economic security and deliberate issues. Nevertheless, Iran is the world’s one of the largest oil producers; hence sustaining noble oil trade is considerable for China’s oil security part. The research to date has tended to focus on Sino-Iranian oil trade and investment qualitative. The purpose of this paper is to review the recent researches conducted on the contemporary situation of Sino-Iranian oil investment in oil cooperation barriers and risk analysis. As a final point, according to this study, this paper will hand out ample countermeasures on the subject of Sino-Iranian oil investment development.

Smart Agriculture Monitoring System using WSN Technology

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 7th June 2018

B. Balaji Bhanu | Mohammed Ali Hussain, N. Geethanjali, A.Prasad

Abstract

The advancement in the Wireless sensor networks (WSN) technology and the applications of Internet of Things (IoT) has driven a great attention in industry as well as in our daily life. This paper focuses on the use of WSN in monitoring agriculture. It includes various features like water management monitoring, GPS based remote controlled monitoring, moisture, temperature sensing, and proper irrigation facilities. WSN technology enables the continuous monitoring of soil properties and environmental factors. Various sensor nodes are deployed at different locations in the farm. Monitoring of different agricultural parameters can be done by any remote device or internet services through interfacing of sensors, Wi-Fi, camera with microcontroller. Smart farming is an emerging concept, as IoT sensors are capable of developing data base about agriculture parameters. This paper aims in making use of evolving technology i.e. IoT and smart agriculture using automation. Monitoring environmental factors is the major aspect to improve the crop yield efficiently.

Smart Blind Stick for Visually impaired people by using IoT

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th April 2018

Ashwini S. Gaikwad | Rasika L. Dahibhate, Satyam D. Burhade

Abstract

Visually impaired people cannot identify any object by their eyes. They cannot do any kind of work without taking support of another person or an object. Usually blind people use stick to judge the path or object or anything. This paper proposes a technique for creating a smart blind stick for visually impaired people through which they can be aware for the upcoming obstacles. The proposed method uses ultrasonic sensor, arduino UNO board, buzzer and bread board through which the stick can identify the obstacles. The aim of this paper is to develop a smart blind stick for blind peoples in affordable price. This system will help blind people to go anywhere without getting help of any other person. Through this system, blind person will be aware about the obstacles. This study provides an approach that can avoid the chances of accidents.

Social Capital Analysis of Sculpture Decoration Leather Handicraft Business Based on Local Cultural Heritage in Indonesia

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th January 2018

Endang Siti Rahayu | Sutrisno Hadi Purnomo, Endang Tri Rahayu, Shanti Emawati, Ayu Intan Sari

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to analyze social capital of handicraft leather sculpture decoration business based on local cultural heritage in Sukoharjo Regency, Indonesia. The research was conducted in Sukoharjo, in June-September 2017. The selection respondent of research was done purposively and the respondents were selected by census method. Technique method of data collection is done by literature study, observation, interview and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The research design used descriptive analysis. The result of the research shows that social capital of craftsmen is high with the score 86 that is good cooperation, trust to others, obedient to the common norm, care about other people condition and engage in the social organization of society. The aspect of cooperation among others shows that sculpture decoration leather in Sukoharjo district has good cooperation in supporting sculpture decoration handicraft business (score 90). Aspects of confidence level among fellow craftsmen in Sukoharjo in high category (score 88). It indicates that the establishment of mutual trust both within the family, community leaders, government and outsiders as a supporter of his business. Aspects of adherence to norms, rules or rules are categorized as high (score 86). Aspects level of concern for others in high category (score 86). Involvement of artisans in social organizations of society is high with a score of 80.

Social Entrepreneurship and Its Impact on Economy

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Arun VA | Justin MB

Abstract

This is a conceptual research article, on the topic Social Entrepreneurship and it?s impact on economy?. The data collected for the research was mainly from secondary sources. The various aspects of Social Entrepreneurship such as its introduction, history, the concept of Social Entrepreneurship, its needs, characteristics, importance, historical examples of leading Social entrepreneurs , the major organization in social entrepreneurship ,The types of Social entrepreneurship organizations, their role in economic development, their economic benefits, two cases of various Social enterprises, top ten Social entrepreneurs from India and the challenges faced by Social enterprises are being conveyed through the research article.

Social Service Society in Trivandrum Latin Diocese

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2018

Dr.Einstain Edward.B | 

Abstract

The Trivandrum Social Service Society, a charitable organization was registered on 7th June 1960 under Travancore- Cochin Literary, Scientific and Charitable Societies Act, XII of 1955. Ever since this Welfare Organisation is under the control of the Trivandrum Diocese. All the endeavors of this Society are directed towards the social- economic upliftment of the poor and oppressed sections of the society, irrespective of caste, creed and community. The Society rendered its services in various directions. When natural calamities occurred, serious efforts were made to protect the people.

Socio-economic risk factors of mental retardation without a common genetic cause: inferences from population cohort study in Himachal Pradesh

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Thakur Neelam | 

Abstract

The current retrospective study was aimed to examine major risk factors of mental retardation without a common genetic cause to educate the population and define intercession methods. A total of 150 MR of unknown etiology and 150 normal children were included in this study and look over for stigmata of dysmorphology, malformations, growth retardation, family history of MR, developmental delay etc. Stanford-Binet Intelligence test was conducted for each participant. Mental retardation is found to be associated with maternal education, low birth weight, preterm birth, microcephaly, multiple births, male preponderance, rural origin etc. No maternal age effect was noticed in these individuals as most of the cases were born to younger mother but in severe mental retardation, risk increased consistently and independently with increasing maternal age. Birth order does not predict mental retardation of unknown etiology. Only severely affected individuals were associated with multiple births. Present study is a preliminary step towards revealing the subtle causes of mental retardation in population of Himachal Pradesh. This study exposes the current situation and identifies the most tenacious intrusions to reduce the occurrence of childhood MR in Himachal Pradesh. Proper monitoring of risk factors could prevent our human health system from a serious lifelong disability and burden of the society could be reduced

Some Results on rational functions with Prescribed Poles

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th August 2017

Ajaz Wani | 

Abstract

This paper generalize as well as refine some results pertaining to the rational functions with prescribed poles. Mathematics Subject Classifications (2010): 30A10, 30C10, 30D15.

Some Study on Bio-Inspired Optimization Algorithms

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th April 2018

Pramod B. Bhalerao | 

Abstract

Optimization is related to many areas including Engineering, Medical, Computer Science. In optimization problems, we have a lot of feasible solutions and we choose best solutions among them which is more optimal. The algorithms which give optimal solutions are optimization algorithms. Nature is one of the important factor providing ideas to solve such optimization problems. The algorithms which are inspired by nature may be heuristic or Metaheuristic and they can be used to solve optimization problems. From last few years most of the researchers are focusing on such nature-inspired algorithms to solve the problems. With the invention in these areas and as we are getting the best results, it can be used for various applications and leads to increase the scope. This paper gives detail study on recent initiatives taken by different researchers to solve problems with the help of Bio-inspired algorithms.

Stabilization of Clay Using Rubber and Fibre Material

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd August 2018

R. Deepiya | P. Pooja,N.Revathy, Dr. V. Stephen Pichaimani

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to study the effectiveness of soil stabilization using waste rubber and fibre material. The coir fibre is a natural material obtained from coconut which helps in improving sub grade soil strength. The strength of the soil can be improved by the use of rubber tyre chips. The process of soil stabilization helps us to achieve required properties of soil needed for construction of structures. Shredded rubber tyre passing through 75 micron I.S Sieve and coir fibres of varying length from 0.5 to 3 cm of varying percentage is used. The percentage of rubber used are 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% and the percentage of coir fibre are 0.25%, 0.5%, 0.75% and 1%. From the test results, it is found that the optimum moisture content(OMC) decreases with increase in addition of rubber, CBR and UCS values are also increases. It is also found that, on addition of these waste materials in pavement, the strength of soil is increased and thickness of pavement is reduced. By the use of these waste materials, the hazards in environment are highly reduced and quantity of stone aggregate in pavement is reduced. From this paper it is concluded that, by the addition of waste materials, clay soil is stabilized, it is found to be environment friendly and cost effective.

Statistical evaluation of Accidental burns in rural India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th March 2018

Dr. Zopate Pravin R | Dr.Waghmare C.M, Dr. Tirpude Bipin H.

Abstract

Background: In India, Burns is second most common cause of accidental injuries. Only limited studies have evaluated the scenario of accidental burn in rural India. Aim: To evaluate prospectively accidental burns in a hospital situated in a rural part of central India. Study design: The consecutive 300 cases of accidental burns admitted in our hospital were analyzed prospectively to review the scenario of accidental burn over a period of 3 years. Results: The study revealed female (68.81%) predominance with the female to male ratio of 2.2:1. Most of the victims of burn were between the ages of 21 to 30 years. Married (69%) outnumbered unmarried. Accidental burns were predominantly in young adult females.The accidents due to domestic burns were common among both domestic & non-domestic burns. Most of the accident due to burns sustained inside the kitchen or usually occurred at the time of working in the kitchen. Conclusion: considering the increase in the incidence of accidental burns in rural areas, government and other social organizations need to put an effort into running the prevention and education programs against burn injuries.

Stem Cells – A General Study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd June 2017

Arundhati Kanungo | Abhijeet Das

Abstract

All multicellular organisms contain some basic stem cells that have the potential to differentiate into a variety of adult cells. Regeneration and self-renewal assign a unique trademark to these special types of cells. Although stem cell research is highly debatable on life creation/destruction issue, these specialized cells tend to open new horizons in clinical research and treatment. Here, in this paper, we aim to provide a general overview on stem cells, its properties and types along with its various harvest procedures. Highlights are made on potential uses of stem cells in biomedical research along with the challenges and future perspectives of work at the crossroads of biology and computer science.

Stochastic Perishable Inventory Control in a Service Facility System Maintaining Inventory for Service: Semi Markov Decision Problem

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

R.Mugesh | S.Krishnakumar ,C.Elango

Abstract

In this article we address the problem of optimally controlling the service rate in a service facility system maintaining perishable inventory for service completion. We consider a finite service facility system having finite waiting space with Poisson arrivals and exponentially distributed service times and lif e time of items. For the given values of maximum inventory and waiting space capacity, we determine the order quantities at various instance of time so that the long run expected cost rate is minimized. The problem is modeled as a semi–Markov Decision Problem. We prove the existence of a stationary optimal policy and solve it by employing value iteration technique. Numerical example is provided to get insight into the system behavior.

Strength and Durability of High Performance Concrete Using Metakaolin

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th August 2018

R. Deepiya | C. Praveenkumar, R. Purushothraj,]V. Raaja Ravi Varman,Dr.V. Stephen Pichaimani

Abstract

In today’s world concrete is probably the most extensively used construction material in the world. In this current paper, Metakaolin is used as admixture to produce high strength concrete. Metakaolin can be used as a concrete constituent, replacing part of the cement content, since it has pozzolanic properties. This paper presents experimental studies conducted on HPC mix of M-60 grade using mineral and chemical admixtures in various proportions. According to Indian Standard and Morth, the M-60 grade concrete mix has been designed. The replacement levels has been 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% (by using weight) for Metakaolin. The end results obtained from compressive strength, tensile strength, durability and Non Destructive Test (NDT) are to be compared with the conventional specimens. In this paper low water ratio of 0.30 is used and hence, chemical admixture named DARACEM 813 is used for enhancing the workability of concrete. The compressive and tensile test on the hardened concrete is done for 7 days test and 28 days test. The durability of the concrete is tested using acids (Concentrated Sulphuric Acid (H2SO4) and Hydrochloric Acid (Hcl)) and alkaline (Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH)). Finally the NDT of Rebound Hammer and Ultrasound test has been conducted for the cubes.

Strong (G, D) - Number of a Graph

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th December 2018

C. Santhaana Gomathi | K. Palani, S. Kalavathi

Abstract

(G D) – number of a graph was introduced by Palani. K and Nagarajan. A. Let G be a (V, E) graph. A subset D of V (G) is said to be a (G, D)- set of G if it is both a dominating and a geodetic set of G. A dominating set is said to be a strong dominating set of G if it strongly dominates all the vertices of G. In this paper, we introduce the concept Strong (G,D)- number of a graph and find the same for some standard graphs and its bounds.

Strong (G, D)-number of Product Graphs

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

S.Velammal | S.Rajalakshmi,K.Palani,S.Kalavathi

Abstract

Strong (G,D)-number of Graphs was introduced by Palani K and Santhaana Gomathi C. Let G be a (V,E) graph. A dominating set is said to be a strong dominating set of G if it strongly dominates all the vertices of its complement. A (G,D)-set D of G is said to be a strong (G,D)-set of G if it strongly dominates all the vertices of V-D. In this paper, we find the strong (G,D)-number of product graphs of some standard graphs.

Structural and Magnetic Properties of MFe2O4 Prepared by Solution Combustion Method

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Hina Bhargava | Sudheesh V D,Varkey Sebastian,Nygil Thomas

Abstract

Nan particles of spinel ferrite MFe2O4 where M= Co, Ni and Zn, were prepared using self-combustion technique. Using a combination of x ray diffraction and DC magnetization, the structural and magnetic properties of the nano particles have been studied. Although the preparation conditions were kept same, the particle size of NiFe2O4 (39.2nm) were smaller than that of CoFe2O4 (43.6nm) and ZnFe2O4 (42.1nm) hence the formation of NiFe2O4 is more exothermic in nature than the formation of CoFe2O4 and ZnFe2O4 . The dependence of DC magnetization doping have been studied.

Studies on Biologically Potent Ligands and Their Manganese(II) Complexes Synthesized Through Green Chemical Approach

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Dr. Naveen Sharma | 

Abstract

This paper incorporates the preparation, characterization and biochemical screening of the biologically potent ligands and their complexes with manganese(II). The ligands used in these studies are hydrazinecarboxamides and hydrazinecarbothioamides. These ligands and their corresponding metal complexes were synthesized by two synthetic procedures, i.e., microwave as well as the conventional heating. A comparison has been made between these two synthetic methods on the basis of the yield of the products, refluxing time and the solvent consumed. The structural deductions were made on the basis of magnetic measurements, electronic, infrared, ESR, and NMR spectral studies. The complexes of manganese(II)with hydrazincarboxamides have been synthesized.The bonding pattern of the ligands and the geometry of their manganese(II) complexes have been deduced on the basis of UV, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectral and X-ray diffraction studies.Some selected metal complexes and their parent ligands have been screened for their antifungal activities and the observed results have been explained.

Studies on Development of Functional Milk

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th June 2018

Dipali .A.Pawar |  A. K. Sahoo,S. M. Lokhande

Abstract

Background :At present the dairy industry is both actively & articulately involved in product development. This includes new formulations & imitation product designed to compete with or replace existing products based on their superiority inconvenience, cost, quality & health benefits, so the progress in product development. The fast going lifestyle of humans is one of the reasons for health related diseases. So attempt was made to develop functional milk by using the combination of lemongrass & clove both having medicinal properties. Method : 1. The method of optimization of pasteurized homogenized toned milk with sugar (used as a natural preservative), lemongrass & clove was separately successfully prepared and subjected for sensory evaluation on 9 point hedonic scale by semi trained judges. Different variables of concentrations of sugar, lemongrass & clove were prepared that is 6%, 7%, 8%, 9% & 10% , 0.1%, 0.5%, 1%, 2% & 3%, & 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3% & 0.4% respectively. 2. Selected concentrations of sugar, lemongrass & were combined together for the formulation of functional milk & were finally subjected for sensory evaluation on 9 point hedonic scale by semi trained judges. Results: 1. Among the different variables of concentrations, 8% , 1% & 0.1% of sugar, lemongrass & clove were selected respectively. 2. 1% : 0.1% concentration of lemongrass : clove were selected with 8% sugar concentration for the preparation of functional milk. Conclusions : 1. Seperate optimization of sugar,lemongrass & clove provides a basic idea to finalize the concentrations each raw material for the formulation of functional milk. 2. 1% : 0.1% concentration of lemongrass : clove with 8% sugar concentration sample showed better results for all sensory parameters. The functional milk have positive effect in improvement of sensorial parameters in taste, mouth-feel, stability & its overall acceptability. also addition of lemongrass and clove may play vital functional role & exhibit functional properties in the developed product.

Studies on Development of Functional Milk

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th June 2018

Dipali .A.Pawar | A. K. Sahoo,S. M. Lokhande

Abstract

:At present the dairy industry is both actively & articulately involved in product development. This includes new formulations & imitation product designed to compete with or replace existing products based on their superiority inconvenience, cost, quality & health benefits, so the progress in product development. The fast going lifestyle of humans is one of the reasons for health related diseases. So attempt was made to develop functional milk by using the combination of lemongrass & clove both having medicinal properties. Method : 1. The method of optimization of pasteurized homogenized toned milk with sugar (used as a natural preservative), lemongrass & clove was separately successfully prepared and subjected for sensory evaluation on 9 point hedonic scale by semi trained judges. Different variables of concentrations of sugar, lemongrass & clove were prepared that is 6%, 7%, 8%, 9% & 10% , 0.1%, 0.5%, 1%, 2% & 3%, & 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3% & 0.4% respectively. 2. Selected concentrations of sugar, lemongrass & were combined together for the formulation of functional milk & were finally subjected for sensory evaluation on 9 point hedonic scale by semi trained judges. Results: 1. Among the different variables of concentrations, 8% , 1% & 0.1% of sugar, lemongrass & clove were selected respectively. 2. 1% : 0.1% concentration of lemongrass : clove were selected with 8% sugar concentration for the preparation of functional milk. Conclusions : 1. Seperate optimization of sugar,lemongrass & clove provides a basic idea to finalize the concentrations each raw material for the formulation of functional milk. 2. 1% : 0.1% concentration of lemongrass : clove with 8% sugar concentration sample showed better results for all sensory parameters. The functional milk have positive effect in improvement of sensorial parameters in taste, mouth-feel, stability & its overall acceptability. also addition of lemongrass and clove may play vital functional role & exhibit functional properties in the developed product.

Studies on Growth Performance and Variance Components in Madhuca Indica Genotypes

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th September 2017

M. S. Wani | A. M. Wani

Abstract

During 2012, in the month of August, the study was undertaken at School of Forestry and Environment, SHUATS, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, to ascertain the growth performance and variance components of Madhuca indica genotypes. The experiments were conducted in open field environmental conditions using a Randomized Block Design with three replications. Twenty genotypes collected from candidate plus trees in different parts of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, and its adjoining areas were assessed for eleven traits namely seedling height, collar diameter, internodal length, number of leaves per seedling, leaf area, fresh and dry shoot weight, fresh and dry root weight, shoot/root ratio and total biomass of seedling. Based on the growth performance of these genotypes at six months after sowing of seeds in poly-bags, the following genotypes: G12, G20, G19, G9, and G13, in that order, were found to be superior to other genotypes. Since all the traits showed moderately high heritability and genetic gain, it appears that selection based on these traits would be effective for further improvement of the tree as such the tree being highly valued for having multipurpose uses and one among the tree borne oil seed plants.

Studies on Preparation and Quality of Nutrie Banana Almond fruit leather

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th July 2017

P. S. Dongare | S. D. Mali,Prof. A.C. Dagadkhair

Abstract

A present investigation was carried out with the objectives to study preparation and quality characteristics of banana almond leather with the incorporation of milk powder. The various trials were taken for formulation of recipe with the varying quantity of almond and banana pulp. The result outcome of this research is that, a good quality fruit based leather can be prepared by using Banana pulp 430 g, Almond powder 15 g, Milk powder 40 g, Okara (Soy milk residue) 4g, Sugar 38.79 g, Citric acid 0.862 g and KMS 0.862 g. The prepared leather founds a concentrated source of nutrients viz., Moisture 17g/100g, Protein 10.21g, Carbohydrate 61.63g, Fat 5.86g, Ash 2.42g and Fibre 2.5 g/100 g. Also it is a good source of Calcium 220 mg/100g, Phosphorous 67.7 mg/100g, Potassium 348 mg/100g and Magnesium 57 mg/100g. Beyond the basic chemical composition it is a very good source of Omega fatty acids and essential amino acids as it’s fortified with an almond and milk powder. The leather having good consumer acceptability as per sensory evaluation conducted by semi trained panel members. The prepared leather can be stored for long time with better packaging material preferably LDPE and wrapped with butter paper at ambient temperature.

Studies on Preparation of Cheesy Chicken Pops/Balls

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th May 2018

M. S. Pawar | R. R. Menon, S. Mali, A.U. Navale

Abstract

The present investigation is carried out with the objectives to uplift the nutritional value and shelf life of cheesy chicken pops/balls by using dried chicken powder. Various trials were taken for the formulation of recipe with varying quantity of different raw materials like rice flour, corn starch, chickpea flour & chicken powder. The result outcome of this research is that good quality chicken pops/ nuggets can be prepared by using chicken powder & other types of flour rather than wheat flour. This is a good source of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals like phosphorus, potassium etc. As per the sensory evaluation of the product by using 9 point hedonic scale method by the semi trained panel members, chicken pops/balls having good consumer acceptability can be prepared. The prepared cheesy chicken pops/balls can be stored for long time with nitrogen packaging

Studies on Preparation of Cheesy Chicken Pops/Balls

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

M. S. Pawar | R. R. Menon, S. Mali, A.U. Navale

Abstract

The present investigation is carried out with the objectives to uplift the nutritional value and shelf life of cheesy chicken pops/balls by using dried chicken powder. Various trials were taken for the formulation of recipe with varying quantity of different raw materials like rice flour, corn starch, chickpea flour & chicken powder. The result outcome of this research is that good quality chicken pops/ nuggets can be prepared by using chicken powder & other types of flour rather than wheat flour. This is a good source of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals like phosphorus, potassium etc. As per the sensory evaluation of the product by using 9 point hedonic scale method by the semi trained panel members, chicken pops/balls having good consumer acceptability can be prepared. The prepared cheesy chicken pops/balls can be stored for long time with nitrogen packaging

Studies on Preparation of Jamun: Pomegranate Blended Jelly

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th May 2018

V. V. Misal | K. H. Pujari, P. P. Relekar

Abstract

Jamun: Pomegranate blended jelly was prepared by using various proportions of Jamun and Pomegranate fruit juices viz. 100:00, 95:05, 90:10, 85:15 and 80:20 and with 0.5 per cent level of citric acid. The Jamun: Pomegranate blended jelly was evaluated for physical, chemical and sensory quality parameters during 90 days of storage to standardize the proportion of Jamun: Pomegranate fruit juices in the blended jelly. An increasing trend in moisture and reducing sugars and total sugars, T.S.S., Titratable acidity and ascorbic acid in decreasing trend was observed during storage period of 90 days. The jelly prepared by blending Jamun and Pomegranate juices in the ratio 85:15 was found to be the best proportion for the preparation of Jamun: Pomegranate blended jelly with highest organoleptic score for colour, flavour and overall acceptability

Studies on Preparation of Jamun: Pomegranate Blended Jelly

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

V. V. Misal | K. H. Pujari, P. P. Relekar

Abstract

Jamun: Pomegranate blended jelly was prepared by using various proportions of Jamun and Pomegranate fruit juices viz. 100:00, 95:05, 90:10, 85:15 and 80:20 and with 0.5 per cent level of citric acid. The Jamun: Pomegranate blended jelly was evaluated for physical, chemical and sensory quality parameters during 90 days of storage to standardize the proportion of Jamun: Pomegranate fruit juices in the blended jelly. An increasing trend in moisture and reducing sugars and total sugars, T.S.S., Titratable acidity and ascorbic acid in decreasing trend was observed during storage period of 90 days. The jelly prepared by blending Jamun and Pomegranate juices in the ratio 85:15 was found to be the best proportion for the preparation of Jamun: Pomegranate blended jelly with highest organoleptic score for colour, flavour and overall acceptability

Studies on Production and Quality of Multi Grain Fortified Nutri Crackers

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

S.R. Acharya | S.D. Andhale, S.L.Awaghade, S.Dawood, P.H.Chavadallavar

Abstract

Multi Grains Fortified Nutri Crackers is an innovative and highly nutritious snacks product. It is made up of rice flour, soy flour, oats flour, corn starch and it is yeast fermented baked product. Multi Grains fortified Nutri Crackers is rich source of energy, protein, carbohydrate and minerals. It is gluten free product. Oats flour is good source of protein and dietary fiber. Black cumin seeds have anti carcinogenic properties, and it is excellent source of iron. Multi Grains fortified Nutri Crackers is fat free product because of use of baking. This product has a unique combination with goodness of multigrain flour and spicy tomato flavor, which make it super tasty. The recipe for the preparation of multi grain Nutri crackers was standardised. The chemical composition of the multi grain nutri crackers was found to contain carbohydrates 52g, fat 33g, protein 4.1g and calories 517 kcal. The multi grain Nutri crackers has more acceptability due to the improved flavours and texture, nutritive values and health benefits

Studies on the development of carrot- brahmi biscuits

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th November 2017

S.V. Ghodke | M.A. Kale

Abstract

Biscuits are very popular bakery product which is consumed on large scale in rural as well as urban areas. It is especially liked by children so a good source to provide nutritional and medicinal properties of various natural food such as carrot and brahmi. Carrots are excellent source of dietary fibres. The known phyto- nutrient in carrot is lycopene, antioxidant, alpha, beta, gamma carotenes, zeaxanthin, xanthophylls. Brahmi helps in improving mental performance and increasing learning capacity. It is helpful for increasing mental concentration level. It is also very effective in depression related problems. Brahmi is useful for improving mental clarity, confidence and memory recall. Hence in the present investigation carrot powder is prepared and efforts are made to develop a biscuits by incorporation of carrot and brahmi powder. Three samples are prepared of biscuit by replacing maida with 20% carrot powder and 0.5%, 1% and 1.5% brahmi powder. Overall acceptability of these samples 6% to 8.2%.

Studies on TQM practice in Small and Medium scale Enterprises

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th December 2017

Lakshmi Kumari | Dr. Vijaya Kumar

Abstract

Manufacturing firms are greatly relying on the principle of total quality management (TQM) to compete for the challenges of current market trends in the era of globalization and privatization. Particularly, the small and medium scale enterprises (SME’s) plays a vital role in providing employment and boosting the economy of the developing country like India. However, the quality of the product is an important factor for the products are being manufactured to fulfill the customer satisfaction in SME’s. The study on product quality improvement shows that meeting customer satisfaction, profit increase and minimizing losses to a lower level can be attained through the application of advanced quality philosophies and principles such as TQM. The objective of the study is to identify the critical success factors that contribute to the performance of quality management practices in SME’s sand as well to establish a guideline that the management can take care off to improvise their firm's productivity. The present study includes a questionnaire survey in order to implement TQM practices in the structure of governance in SME’s.The critical factors are arranged according to the priority after the data is collected. Three hypothesis are formulated based on employee satisfaction, customer satisfaction, and operational effectiveness. At the end, the statistical test is carried out for each hypothesis using T-test. It is summarized that the hypothesis stating TQM SME’s are more effective in operation and fulfilling employees, and customers is proposed

Study a Correlative between CPRS and Self Constructed ABP T/P RS along with Standardization

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 21st September 2017

Shyny T. Y | 

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to provide an adolescent behaviour problem rating scale for teachers and parents to identify their behavioural problems and can provide proper intervention for both adolescents and parents whenever necessary. This rating scale is also important in clinical and research settings with children suffering from neuro developmental disorders, and particularly with children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This scale provides an interesting qualitative and quantitative picture of the emotional and behavioural conduct problem, learning problem, anxiety, impulsive/hyperactive behaviour, behavioural addictions like alcoholism, drug addiction, internet addiction etc.

Study and Analysis of Temperature Distribution on AlSiC machining on EDM

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th June 2018

Kajal Vinayak | K R Aharwal, C M Krishna

Abstract

In die sinking electric discharge machining manufacturing conditions are most important aspects to be considered as these conditions are very important to determine output parameters. Aluminium silicon carbide that are widely used automotive, defence and automotive industries possess a very mechanical and physical properties is used in this study to find the temperature distribution on its surface by using current , discharge voltage and pulse on time as input process parameters. A number of combinations were prepared with the help of Taguchi L9 Orthogonal Array and analysis is done using minitab 18 software

Study of Conduction mechanism Of Barium Titanate ceramic

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st November 2017

Neetu Ahlawat | Neetu Ahlawat, Monica, Sujata Sanghi, Navneet Ahlawat

Abstract

Impedance measurements have been performed on a sintered polycrystalline single phased perovskite BaTiO3 . The ceramic is found to crystallise in tetragonal phase. The frequency dependent conductivity is observed to follow double power law σ (ω) = σo + A1ωs1 + A2ωs2. The ac conductivity analysis depicts two dispersion regions resulted due to grains and grain boundaries. The results revealed three types of conduction mechanisms namely; long range hopping, short range hopping and localised motion. The value of activation energy is obtained 0.89 eV from Arrhenius type temperature dependence of dc conductivity in the temperature range 583K-673K.

Study of Initial Growth of Plants in Treated Water

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Garima Goswami | Chaitanya Sahadev,Dhananjay Rankawat,Yash Maheshwari, Ramesh Chandra Paliwal

Abstract

India is one of the few countries in the world which is endowed with abundant land and water resources. Due to its geographical situation and tropical conditions, India experiences vast spatial and temporary variation in the rainfall. About one third of the countrys area is drought prone, which includes parts of Rajasthan. Scarcity of water for irrigation in southern Rajasthan is a big challenge for the scientific community as well as policy makers. In the present scenario the irrigation water for crops comes from water bodies which has water from waste water treatment plants and many a times untreated water having solid waste including pathogenic bacteria and other microorganisms. Recycled irrigation water if not treated properly for pathogens may result into serious problems for the growing plants in the nurseries or crops in the fields. It can induce many types of diseases and other problems causing permanent damage to the young plants. This water therefore should be disinfected before using it for irrigation purposes. Chlorine in some form is generally used as disinfectant for making water pathogen free. In this paper the effect of added chlorine on the growth of plants is studied. Potted plants were watered with chlorinated water having different concentrations and their growth pattern was studied. The effect was studied for different plant parameters.

Study of Molecular Interaction of Streptomycin Drug at 303 K temperature and 2 MHz

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

A. B. Dhote | G. R. Bedare

Abstract

Experimental measurement of ultrasonic velocity, density and viscosity have been carried out on aqueous solution of Streptomycin at different concentrations at 303 K temperature and 2 MHz frequency. For velocity measurement, Ultrasonic Interferometer (Model No. F-81, Mittal, New Delhi) working at fixed frequency 2 MHz was used. From the experimental data of density (ρ), ultrasonic velocity (U) and viscosity (η), various acoustical parameters such as adiabatic compressibility (βa), Intermolecular free length (Lf), free volume (Vf) and Relaxation time (τ) were calculated. Ultrasonic studies may throw more light on the molecular interaction to know the behavior of solute and solvent molecules in liquid mixtures and solutions. Changes in concentration and temperature affect compressibility of solution, which in turn affects molecular interactions in liquid mixtures and solutions and structure making and structure breaking properties of solute in aqueous solution of Streptomycin. From this results drug absorption, transmission, activity and drug effects can be directly predicted

Study of Transformation of a Sustainable Neighbourhood in Urban Area Through Infrastructure Analysis for Future Smart Cities, Case Study Nagpur.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ar. Vijaya D. Choudhari  | 

Abstract

The central premise of this study is that the infrastructure facilities at the neighborhood level can affect its neighborhood sustainability and can it affect city development. It is now widely accepted that a relationship exists between the shape, size ,density and land use distribution of a neighborhood and its sustainability. The relative sustainability of , for example , high and low urban densities, or centralized and decentralized settlements is still disputed. Certain forms of neighborhood appear to be sustainable in some respects , for example in reducing travel , social and recreational facilities are nearby. Consequently, if any advances in neighborhood sustainability are to be made, then connections between the neighbourhood form and a range of infrastructure ,recreational and social facilities at neighbourhood level need to be established. A possible solution offered for achieving sustainable neighbourhood form through infrastructure is that of "a high density mixed use development within a restrictive geographical area with enhanced public transport and infrastructure facilities for making smart city". This study attempts to answer three key questions:  what is the existing form of selected neighbourhoods for the study purpose , to identify whether present neighbourhood form is based on sustainable neighbourhood concept if not then........  how can it be achieved?  how it will helpful for making future smart cities?

Study of Various Pretreatments on Waste Jute Caddies for the Production of Ethanol

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th April 2018

RK Singh | Amit Ujwal, Suresh Chaluvadi

Abstract

Lignocellulosic biomass is most abundant renewable resource suitable for a continuous supply of bioethanol. Waste Jute caddies (WJC) from Jute mills can be a potential feedstock for the production of ethanol. In the present study, the effect of various pretreatments on WJC was compared by glucose and ethanol yields. The WJC was pretreated using physical and chemical pretreatments viz. steam, sodium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, Triton x-100. The cellulose fractions of pretreated WJC were allowed to undergo saccharification using cellulase enzymes. S. cerevisiae was used in the anaerobic fermentation of glucose and effect of supplementation with benzoic acid on ethanol yield was also investigated. The quantitation of glucose and ethanol was performed by High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The changes in chemical nature of biomass due to pretreatment were determined using XRD and FTIR. The highest yield ethanol was observed after fermentation with sodium hydroxide pretreated WJC. Based on fermentation studies conducted on WJC, the ethanol yield was enhanced up to 8% by supplementation of benzoic acid.

Study on Fiber Optic Gyroscope

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Sandhyarani N | P C Srikanth

Abstract

A ring laser gyroscope (RLG) consists of a ring laser having two independent counter-propagating resonant modes over the same path; the difference in the frequencies is used to detect rotation. It operates on the principle of the Sagnac effect which shifts the nulls of the internal standing wave pattern in response to angular rotation. Interference between the counter-propagating beams, observed externally, results in motion of the standing wave pattern, and thus indicates rotation.

Study on the preparation of multigrain spicy cream rolls incorporated with wheat, rice, oat and maize flour and peanut butter with schejwan taste

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th August 2017

A. D. Todmal | R. D. Tilekar,M. S. Tathe

Abstract

Bakery is a traditional activity and occupies an important place in food processing industry. Bakery products are an item of mass consumption in view of its low price and with rapid growth and changing eating habits of people; bakery products have gained popularity among masses. Bread, biscuits are popular bakery products available in the market. Along with this products cream roll is also famous bakery product traditionally available in the market. Maida or refined wheat flour is the “heart” of the ingredients in preparation of the various baked goods globally. Similarly hydrogenated vegetable fat is also the primary raw material used in the preparation of a variety of Indian baked goods. As per the study refined wheat flour and hydrogenated vegetable fat are harmful for our health so that development of food products using composite flour has increased and is attracting much attention from researchers, especially in the production of bakery products and pastries. This article focuses on the use of composite flour for reduction of refined wheat flour in cream rolls along with introducing the new spicy flavour by replacing hydrogenated vegetable fat with peanut butter and schejwan flavour to the consumer. Main motto of the research is to reduce maida and hydrogenated vegetable fat which causes increased blood sugar level, coronary heart disease etc..It was found that composite flour and peanut butter along with schejwan flavour used to produce spicy cream rolls is still able to maintain similar characteristics and acceptance to products made from refined wheat flour and margarine. Along with composite flour spinach powder is also added for improving the nutritional quality and attractiveness of the spicy cream rolls. The feasibility of partially replacing Refined wheat flour (Maida) with Wheat, Rice, Oat and Maize flour in spicy Cream roll making was evaluated in several formulations, aiming to find a formulation of Wheat, Rice, Oat and Maize flour for production of cream roll with better texture, nutritional quality and consumer acceptance. Similarly hydrogenated vegetable fat for preparation of inner sweet cream is completely replaced by spicy peanut butter for improving the taste and nutritional value. Results of the sensory (appearance, color, flavor, texture and taste) evaluation revealed that no significant difference was observed in acceptability of the product with substitution levels of Wheat, Rice, Oat and Maize flour at 20, 5, 5, 5 Per Cent respectively along with 65% maida and 100 % spicy peanut butter cream from that of market sweet samples. The nutritional value of the spicy cream rolls (protein, fat, carbohydrate, ash and iron) was also increased significantly than the market sweet cream rolls..

Subclass of Harmonic Univalent Functions Associated With the Differential Operator

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd November 2017

R.B. Sharma | B. Ravindar

Abstract

In the present paper, we introduce a new subclass of harmonic univalent functions in the unit disk U z C z     : 1 by using a differential operator. Also we obtain the coefficient bounds, convolution conditions, convex combinations and extreme points.

Survey of Associative Classification Techniques for Text Mining

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Ms. Shweta M. Kambare | Asst. Prof. Mrs. Varsha A. Jujare, Asst. Prof. Mr. Atul A. Kumbhar

Abstract

Amount of unorganized text data is increasing day by day as the use of internet is increasing. Proper classification and knowledge discovery from these documents is an important area for research. Approximately 80% of the information of an organization is stored in unstructured textual format, in the form of reports, email, views and news etc. So there is need of automatic retrieval of useful knowledge from the huge amount of textual data in order to assist the human analysis. Associative classification is one of the most efficient techniques for text classification. Associative classification is integration of association rule mining and classification rule mining. In this paper, different techniques of associative classification are discussed in brief.

Synthesis and biological evaluation of newly synthesized Flavones

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th March 2018

Shradha Binani | Lavanya Nagamalla, Pravin Bodkhe, R.V.Joat

Abstract

Flavones are bioactive substances, essential for human growth and development. It is naturally available in cereals and herbs. It is synthesized in excellent yield by Baker-Venkataraman reaction for formation of 1, 3-diketone by using substituted acetophenone and benzoyl chloride in presence of dry pyridine. The structures of newly synthesized compounds have been confirmed on the basis of elemental analysis, UV, IR, 1H-NMR spectral data and evaluated for biocidal activity on the basis of inhibition of growth of bacteria and fungus compared with a standard drug.

Synthesis and Characterization of Hydroxyapatite for Biomedical Applications

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

N. Bliss Shiny | Mr. S. Gnanavel

Abstract

Hydroxyapatite (HAp) is a mineral which is the main composition of bone and teeth in human body. It is well documented that the biocompatibility and bioactivity of bone or teeth could be improved through the synthesis of nanoparticle HAp. Among several methodologies available for synthesizing HAp wet chemical technique was found to be used for well controlling varying processing parameters. This article focuses on synthesis of HAp for surface modification of orthopedic and dental implants. HAp was synthesized using DiAmmonium Hydrogen Phosphate (DHP) and Calcium Nitrate Tetrahydrate (CNT) precursors. Proper care has been taken to maintain pH around 10.8 while stirring with the help of Ammonium Hydroxide (AH). The morphological analysis by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) measurement shows that the particles are tightly agglomerated with an average size of 300-400 nm. X-Ray Diffractometry (XRD) analysis detects the purity of HAp. Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDX) gives the elemental composition of HAp and further characterization through Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was also done.

Synthesis and characterization of O,O’-bis-di-α- naphthyl dithiophosphate of lead(II).

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th November 2017

Atiya Syed | 

Abstract

O,O’-bis -di-α-naphthyldithiophosphate of lead(II) corresponding to [(α-C10H7O)2PS2 ]2Pb, has been synthesized by the reaction of PbCl2 in 2:1 molar ratio with sodium salt of O,O’-di-α-naphthyl dithiophosphate in refluxing chloroform. This complex has been characterized by elemental analyses, C, H, S, Pb and further characterization by some spectroscopy analyses, namely, IR and NMR (1H, 13C and 31P) has been carried out. Monomeric nature of this complex has been confirmed and lead atom is four coordinately bonded to two bidentate dithiophosphate ligands leading to a square planar geometry around the lead atom.

Synthesis and Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles using Ricinuscommunis Plant and Study of their Biological Activity

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Vinay.S.P | Dr.Chandrashekar.N

Abstract

The main aim of this study is to evaluate the Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles synthesized from aqueous plant extract of Ricinuscommunis and study its Antimicrobial activity. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized by UVVIS spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The antimicrobial activity of synthesized silver nanoparticles was compared with their respective plant extract by agar well diffusion method was calculated. The zone of inhibition varied in range of 12 to17 mm with 100 ?g/ml silver nanoparticles concentration. The antimicrobial activity of synthesized silver nanoparticles was higher than that of the standard drug i.e. streptomycin (for bacteria). The synthesized nanoparticles of Ricinuscommunis have shown good antimicrobial efficacy as compared to plant extract and may prove to be better antimicrobial agent against wide range of microbes.

Synthesis and Characterization of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles by a solution-free mechanochemical Reaction

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th September 2018

R. Rajkumar | C. Vedhi

Abstract

Zinc oxide plays an important role in current industry due to its special characteristics such as anti-corrosion, antibacteria, has low electrons conductivity and excellent heat resistance. Therefore the objectives of this study, pure zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO) were successfully synthesized by a solution-free mechanochemical reaction using zinc acetate dihydrate and oxalic acid as the precursor. The as-prepared precursor was calcined at 500°C temperatures for 2h to form ZnO nanoparticles. The phase and structural transformations were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR). FT-IR spectra of ZnO nanoparticles showed peaks in the region between 538 and 486cm-1 which corresponds to the stretching vibration of Zn – O band. The XRD studies showed a rather more crystalline behaviour of the nanoparticles and the grain size was calculated using Scherer’s formula and found to be 18nm. XRD spectra revealed that the ZnO crystal has a hexagonal wurtzite structure and the strongest three diffraction peaks at 2θ=31.88°, 34.61° and 36.29° which are in close agreement to the literature. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has been used to study the morphological features of the ZnO nanopowder. Result of EDAX (Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy) characterization shows that the ZnO nanoparticles has good purity (Zinc content of 49.84% and Oxygen content of 50.16%). The corrosion inhibition efficiency of the nanoparticles were calculated for mild steel in 0.1M HCl and 3.5% NaCl solution using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) and Polarization (Tafel) studies.

Synthesis and Electrochemical studies of Polyaniline at Different Atmospheric Condition

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

P.Rajakani | C.Vedhi

Abstract

Electroconducting polyaniline (PAni) are of great interest for a large number of applications due to their easy processing and relatively low cost compared to other materials such as the inorganic one. The PAni was synthesized by bulk polymerization of aniline using 0.25M potassium perdisulfate (K2S2O8) as an oxidant at room temperature, in 1M hydrochloric acid medium. The Cyclic Voltammetric studies (CVs) are obtained in 1.0 M H2SO4 electrolyte by casting the PAni paste on GC working electrode. The effect of pH on the voltammetric response is studied to determine the electroactive behaviour of PAni modified GCE in redox reactions over a pH range of 1.0 to 13.0. CVs of PAni modified GCE were performed under different atmospheric conditions (deareated, O2 & N2 ) in the pH 1.0. The surface coverage values as well as the diffusion coefficient values are found from Chronoamperograms of the PAni modified GCE by Cyclic voltammetric method. PAni modified GCE enhances the electrocatalytic activity towards methanol reduction for N2 saturated buffer. The double layer capacitance value calculated from Electrochemical Impedence Spectroscopy.

Synthesis of Aho-Corasick Algorithm for Network Processor

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th December 2017

Mrs. Neha Jain | M.K. Jain

Abstract

Network processor is an Application Specific Instruction Set Processor for networking application. In this paper, we present the hardware implementation of Aho-Corasick algorithm for a network processor. Aho-Corasick algorithm is a pattern searching algorithm. This algorithm can be used to perform IP-lookup, an intrusion detection system etc. Much work has been done in this area, yet there is still a significant space for improvement in efficiency, flexibility, and throughput. In this paper, we present the profiling data of software implementation of Aho-Corasick algorithm. After this, we present the hardware implementation of the algorithm. In this paper, we represent the complete source code. We implement the code using hardware description language like Verilog in Xilinx ISE. Total memory usage of this synthesis is 289108 kilobytes. Total power supply for this synthesis is only 274.02 mW. Only 86 Slice Flip Flops out of 55296 and 257 4 input LUTs out of 55296 are used in the synthesis of Aho-Corasick algorithm. Only 1% Slice Flip Flops and LUTs are used in this synthesis. Thus the device utilization of this implementation is also excellent.

Synthesis of CH3OH fuel Extracted From Atmospheric CO2

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th July 2018

Rakshan R | Puneeth S, Ravikiran N S, Binubalachandran

Abstract

As of today, CO2 hydrogenation to methanol is a powerful alternative to renewable energy, which can mitigate both global warmings by CO2 utilization and by reducing the usage of fossil fuels. Therefore, the conversion of CO2 to methanol is one of the topmost research priorities all over the world. As the CO2 sequestration process is expensive, there has been a quest for finding other alternative options. The CO2 obtained can be converted and used to support various reactions by varying their ratios as per requirement. The catalyst Cu-ZrO2-ZnO was preferred than Cu-ZrO2 because of its conversion rate and stability in the reaction during the hydrogenation process.

Synthesis of Cu2O by SILAR and the impact of Annealing on the Structural Properties

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd August 2018

Dr. K. Amudhavalli |  Dr. N. Neelakandapillai,Dr. M. Nagarajan

Abstract

The present study focuses on fabrication of Cuprous oxide thin film on an amorphous glass substrate using SILAR technique. Four samples were prepared in total and three samples were annealed at various temperatures, 200℃, 300℃, and 400℃. The annealed samples were compared with the as-deposited sample. The structural analysis of the prepared samples was examined by X-Ray Diffraction. The analyses revealed that annealing converts cuprous oxide into cupric oxide at higher temperatures. Also, the preferred orientation for Cu2O is along (111) plane and for CuO the predominant peak is along (002). The particle size, lattice parameters, dislocation density and micro-strain values of the samples were calculated.

Synthesis of Stable ZnO Quantum Dots by a Simple Hydrolysis and Condensation Method

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th June 2018

M. N. Kalasad | Deepa Bendigeri

Abstract

Herein, we report the preparation of ZnO quantum dots by hydrolysis and condensation method. These quantum dots are characterized by optical absorption, photoluminescence, and transmission electron microscopy, that suggest that the present method of synthesis gives stable, extremely small size particles with narrow size distribution and exhibit strong blue emission. The present method of synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles can used to fabricate low cost electronic devices for different applications

Synthesis, Characterization, Industrial Application and Anticancer Activity of New N-Mustard Substituted Coumarin Derivatives

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th November 2017

A Barasara | M Pandya, D Purohit

Abstract

A series of N-mustard Substituted-coumarin have been synthesized characterized and evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxicity and anticancer activity against PC-3 human cancer cell lines. The methodology involves nucleophilic substitution of readily accessible 3-Cyano-4-chloro coumarin with ethanol amine further on chlorination gives substituted 4-(bis(2- chloroethyl)amino)-2-oxo-2H-chromene-3-carbonitrile derivatives. Among these compounds screened, three compounds (ASW-2g, ASW-2f and ASW-2e) showed GI50 range from 80 to 95 μg/ml. All synthesized compounds were characterized by IR, NMR and Mass spectral analysis and screened for anticancer activity using PC-3 cell line. All the compounds showed moderate to good anticancer activity.

Tainted Seed Test Using Digital Image Processing

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th May 2018

B.Sanjana | D.Vinod Kumar, Shaik Jafar Sadik, S.Vijay

Abstract

Today’s farmers face a major problem in detecting tainted seeds with the naked eye. The proposed project detects the percentage of both pure and impure seeds by using digital image processing technique. As India is an agriculture based country, a thought came up as to what a Computer Science undergraduate could do for the farmers. Due to the increased amount of counterfeit seeds, there are huge losses faced by the farmers who eventually are committing suicides. In order to eradicate this, a project has been developed that helps detect different seed varieties apart from the required ones in a sample of seeds. This requires a web camera to capture the images of the seeds and the results are generated immediately stating what percentage of the seeds from the seed lot belong to which variety and also if there are any unwanted ODVs. This project can be extended in future to develop a mobile application where a user can capture an image of a seed sample from a mobile device and the application generates the report regarding the purity and impure percentages.

Tainted Seed Test Using Digital Image Processing

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2018

B.Sanjana | D.Vinod Kumar, Shaik Jafar Sadik, S.Vijay

Abstract

Today’s farmers face a major problem in detecting tainted seeds with the naked eye. The proposed project detects the percentage of both pure and impure seeds by using digital image processing technique. As India is an agriculture based country, a thought came up as to what a Computer Science undergraduate could do for the farmers. Due to the increased amount of counterfeit seeds, there are huge losses faced by the farmers who eventually are committing suicides. In order to eradicate this, a project has been developed that helps detect different seed varieties apart from the required ones in a sample of seeds. This requires a web camera to capture the images of the seeds and the results are generated immediately stating what percentage of the seeds from the seed lot belong to which variety and also if there are any unwanted ODVs. This project can be extended in future to develop a mobile application where a user can capture an image of a seed sample from a mobile device and the application generates the report regarding the purity and impure percentages

Teacher Effectiveness of Secondary School Teachers in Relation to their Occupational Stress and Morale

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 9th January 2018

Banu Prakash A | Dr. Jose Cherian, Archana K.

Abstract

Teaching profession is one of the top three most stressful professions. Secondary school teachers are under more pressure because of students’ board exams and performance. Therefore, teachers must be confident and mentally strong with high spirit in order to be effective. We were particularly interested in knowing the effect of stress and morale on teacher effectiveness because it impacts the development of students, society and progress of the nation and the world. The researchers chose 397 secondary school teachers and found a majority of teachers suffering from above average stress and over a quarter of them having low morale, whereas, over one-fourth of them have average teacher effectiveness. The study found a significant difference between occupational stress and teacher effectiveness as well as moral and teacher effectiveness. Further, there was no significant difference between age, gender, marital status, stream, type of school and experience with respect to teacher effectiveness. Policy makers and school authorities can play an important role in lowering stress and boosting morale in order to promote teacher effectiveness.

Teaching English to Students with Autism: Montessori-Oriented versus Audio-Lingual Method

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 24th February 2018

Mahsa Rezvani | 

Abstract

Students with special needs specifically those suffering from autism spectrum disorder experience considerable difficulties in learning languages. This, accordingly, requires making more effort, applying further skills and different teaching methods on the part of the foreign language teachers instructing these students. Therefore, this qualitative study was designed to examine the effectiveness of the Montessori-Oriented Method of English language teaching compared to the Audio-Lingual Method. To this end, two English language teachers dealing with seven students with autism were selected from two educational centers for autistic children in Iran. Data obtained from interviews with the teachers, observations of language classes, and teaching documents were analyzed to compare the two methods under investigation. The results indicated that both Montessori-Oriented Method and Audio-Lingual Method improved the students’ English language productive skills; however, the Montessori-Oriented Method further contributed to enhancing the students’ interaction with peers, increasing their motivation and making them more independent. This study yielded some pedagogical implications for teachers, teacher educators and educational material developers of students with autism.

Technology and English Teachers

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th March 2018

Dr. I. Suhenya | 

Abstract

Today’s multimedia work stations have astonishing storage capacity, self-life and extremely fast access time. It provides an excellent medium for multi- media applications, allowing for the efficient transport and combination of images, sound video and text. Significant advances in the area of multimedia network and authoring technology have dramatically enriched and simplified the operations of language learning. One reason for making this choice is a great amount of exercise and drill work involved in learning language skills, the greatest part of which requires close supervision and frequent correction for best results in learning. Another reason is that some of the kinds of remediation required seemed to be especially feasible to machine embodiment. The teaching of English demands a drastic change in the pedagogy. In this age of Information Technology and computers, the teaching of English cannot be carried out effectively in the traditional fashion. The whole process of teaching and learning English needs the immediate intervention of technology. The teachers of English face unprecedented pressure to get technology especially ICT, get networked enhance the language skills and to get online. It is possible that while implementing technology, we may forget what it is all for. It is important to ascertain that the minimum technology and professional development requirement are reasonably put in place. The use of technology simply makes the aforesaid principles of teaching/learning easier and fun to achieve. Moreover, besides recognizing the key skills of speaking and listening we must emphasize reading and be writing in the English classrooms. The technology expands our options to reach. We are not going to stop teaching Shakespeare or literature in general – the aim is to do it in a better way. Technology enhances many classroom practices for English learners.

Technology for Dyscalculic Elementary School Students

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 9th September 2017

Jeewan jyoti | Prof. Pushpa Gautam

Abstract

Mathematics is a complex subject, involving language, space and quantity. Much research into the development of mathematical skills has focused upon relatively basic numerical abilities, such as arithmetic or counting (Bisanz, 1999), but even at such early levels many complex abilities are involved. These include transcoding between spoken number words and Arabic numerals, relating these to semantic representations of set size(“numerosity”), reasoning about relative set sizes (if 1 is added to 2, the result should be 3); and understanding the relations between set size and counting order. A person with mathematical disability has a difficult time solving arithmetic problems and grasping math concepts. The complexity of numerical processing has made defining what it means to have a specific mathematical learning disability

Testing the Weak Form of Efficiency of the Indian Stock Market

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th April 2018

Feeroj N. Pathan | Rupesh Rebba, Bharat Pawar

Abstract

The leading stock exchange of India BSE & NSE attracts the attention of researchers and analysts in view of recent fluctuations in investments levels and the global financial disorder. The efficiency tests conducted till now have produced contradictory results therefore it is difficult to comment on Indian stock market efficiency. So researchers found it interesting to examine the impact of various macroeconomic factors on Indian stock market. Stock market efficiency is one of the important parameters to measure the efficiency of a financial system and especially in developing countries like India. In efficient markets, all transactions are done with the help of new information available about the economy, industries and companies. This paper therefore is an attempt to seek evidence by using the monthly data for stock indices of the Bombay Stock Exchange & National Stock Exchange for the period of January 2008 to Jan 2018.

Text analytics on different corpus data for Multilingual System

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th April 2018

Arjumand Masood Khan | Dr. Rahat Afreen, Dr. Meghana Nagori

Abstract

Natural language processing (or Computational linguistic) is becoming the need of today’s world. The field of Text Analytics, comprising of Natural Language Processing unite as a whole with Machine Learning and Data Mining. They have also evolved the years to keep pace with the rapid increase of novel sources of corpus data. The main challenges face nowadays is analysis from the text in a multilingual setting e.g. (English Arabic) or (English Urdu). Natural language processing and Text Analytics methods are increasingly being adopted, developed and distributed for addressing wide ways of real-life, industrial problems, teaching-learning process globally. Arabic is one of the major language spoken and used by many people of Gulf countries and United Nations. More than 330 million in more than 22 countries people’s mother tongue is Arabic/Urdu. Arabic is also one of the languages of Holy Quran

The Effect of Entrepreneurial Education As Factor of Production on Family Owned and Non-Family Owned Business: A Study of Restaurants in Hyderabad

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th July 2018

Faiza Ali Shahani | Arabella Bhutto, Shahzad Hyder Shahani

Abstract

The rationale of this paper is to analyze the impact of entrepreneurial knowledge on the organic growth and performance of business managed by family owners and business that are being managed by professionals. Entrepreneurial knowledge can be described as the potential for an individual to identify an opportunity and practically implement it with an intention to realize knowledge that is innovative in practice. This research focuses on evaluating the effect of entrepreneurial education on the growth of the business. This research has distinguished between two types of the firms: family firms managed by family owners and firms managed by the professionals with the business degree. Restaurants were selected which are owned and managed by people with business or management or other business related degrees; diplomas etc. This was compared with the family business owners who do not have prior relevant knowledge or qualifications. The research also helps to analyze the status of business with respect to multiple factors that are identified from the literature review. In this research data is collected from owners of the restaurants, employees and the customers of the business through close-ended questionnaires and is analyzed in SPSS. Pearson’s chi-square tests and MANOVA tests are used to compare the land growth and employee growth of businesses owned by the family, with businesses that are not family owned. The findings reveal that non-family owned businesses are more productive as compared to the family-owned business. It also reveals that an entrepreneurial degree and knowledge plays a fundamental role in the organic growth of the business.

The Effectiveness of Social Mentoring on Mother’s Perceived Stress and Resilience of Adolescent Children

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th March 2018

Dr. Sumathi Chandrasekaran | V.Sri Prashanth

Abstract

Mentoring the parent not only enhances their knowledge and skills but also provides personal and professional support to facilitate the bonding with their adolescent children. This study evaluates the impact of two month mentoring of the mothers who have adolescent children with low resilience. The aim of the study was to i) find out whether mentoring has an impact on the perceived stress level of the mother’s, ii.) To find out whether mentoring the mothers increased the level of resilience among their adolescent children thus creating healthy relationship with them. A half day bonding session was given between the mother, mentor and the child as a prelude before starting mentorship of mothers over the phone for a period of two months. The sample size consists of 10 mothers and 7 trained mentors who were post graduate students. A pre-assessment was carried on the parent perceived stress and resilience of their children before the mentoring process. The tools used were Perceived Stress Scale and Connor Davidson Resilience scale. Post assessment was done two months after the intervention. The results indicated that social mentoring was effective in decreasing the perceived stress level of the mothers whereas no significant difference was found in the resilience of the adolescents

The Essential of English Language learning context for Engineering graduates

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th March 2018

D. Rayappa | 

Abstract

The aim this paper is to make the students speak in English without any hesitation. Particularly, the slow learners at the engineering college level are not trained to get to the placements. The needy of English language skills emerged for engineering graduates to meet the global arena. But in the present scenario, they lacked in the communication skills due to the lack of practice, lack of structural grammar usage and the mother tongue influence which plays a vital role as an obstacle in the communication. The AICTE (All India Council for Technical Education) also felt the importance of English in Technical education and has designed the English syllabus for engineering students to enhance the four skills (LSRW) in English. The main objective is, to develop the four skills and to enhance students’ performance at placement interviews, Group Discussions, technical paper presentation etc. The view of the expert bodies throws light on the changing paradigms of English in the curriculum of schools and colleges. The University Education Commission (1948) stressed the need to learn English to keep in touch with the stream of knowledge.

The Exoteric and Esoteric Elements in Hermann Hesse‟s Narcissus and Goldmund-An Existential and Psycho-Analytical Study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 21st March 2018

DR Anmol | 

Abstract

Narcissus and Goldmund depict the anatomy of the hermit and the hedonist, as well the Apollonian and the Dionysian divergent forces which are clearly divulged in the characters of Narcissus and Goldmund. Narcissus symbolizes the exalted and the inherent spiritual streak in man. On the other hand, young untested Goldmund represents the force of ‘libido’ or ‘sex instinct’. After the death of his mother, Goldmund is sent to Mariabronn, a monastery to become a pastor under the tutorship of Narcissus. Narcissus loves Goldmund and knows that it is not easy for Goldmund to be a pastor without having the knowledge of mundane pleasures, realities and experiences. Therefore Narcissus allows him to venture out into the world to seek the pleasure of flesh and mind which are essential for knowledge and maturity. Goldmund who wanders through medieval Germany seeking worldly experiences and sensual pleasures comes in contact with many young charming women like Lise, Lydia and Julie. He is loved by them, soaked by them and left by them. Day by day the gruesome reality of the outer world becomes clear to him. Goldmund even becomes a murderer; he murders Victor when Victor tries to steal his gold coin. After having the knowledge of the sensual world and aesthetic world Goldmund undergoes the process of individuation and realizes the reality of the secular world. After becoming enriched in worldly knowledge and experience Goldmund returns to the monastery to lead a life of an acolyte

The Feasibility Study of BLE Based Wireless Sensors

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ankita Singh | 

Abstract

This paper is all about the results obtained from a feasible study about Bluetooth low energy based wireless sensors. The important demands of wireless technologies like low energy consumption and a resource saving simple protocol stack, have been met by the development of industrial wireless sensors. These fundamental necessities are rather fulfilled by Bluetooth low energy (new wireless standard).In order to explore the common applicability of BLE for wireless sensor systems, a self-designed BLE sensor system have been used. The results of various analyses made with BLE based wireless sensors are presented in the paper

The Hurdle of Program Outcomes Attainment and the Aid of Mathematical Approach

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Sapana P. Dubey | 

Abstract

Outcome based education system is the need of higher engineering education. It specifies learning objective for the students. To get the accreditation of a program through NBA, it is required to analyze the attainment of outcomes. Course Outcome, Program Outcome and Program Specific Outcome are three main outcomes through which we can measure the success of any program run for the engineering students. This paper describes the process to quantify the program outcomes using course outcomes. The mathematical approach will be applied in this process. The performance of the student is the key element of the evaluation of attainment of any program outcome.

The Impacts of Broadband on Economic Growth in People‟s Republic of China: Empirical Analysis from Panel Data

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th January 2018

Siyue Yang | Prapatchon Jariyapan, Jianxu Liu

Abstract

This research study is to analyze the impacts of broadband on economic growth in 30 regions of People’s Republic of China during 2006 to 2015 by using panel data. Firstly, adopting Padroni method to examine whether exists the cointegration among economic growth and broadband constructions. Regarding the empirical results, there has a long-run relationship between broadband constructions and economic growth. Secondly, based on the empirical results from panel dynamic ordinary least square (DOLS) and fully modified ordinary least square (FMOLS), there exists a long-run elasticity equilibrium co-integration within the variables, and the coefficients of independent variables are positive. Then selecting fixed effect models based on the results of Hausman test and applying panel GLS to measure the impact of broadband constructions on the Chinese economy. In conclusion, it can be summarized that broadband constructions are significant aspects which positively impact on Chinese economic development.

The Intercorrelation between Text Typology and Strategy Use in Textual Reading among Moroccan English Department University Students

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th August 2017

Mohammed Msaddek | 

Abstract

The present study is a succinct manifestation of the extent to which text typology (i.e., narrative, expository) can have an effect on English Department learners’ strategy use during the reading act at the pre-testing as well as post-testing stages. Two selected Moroccan EFL groups, control (n=50) and experimental (63), majoring in English Language Studies, were addressed with a view to thoroughly investigating the issue at hand and reaching robust, comprehensive findings. For achieving this, a series of such research instruments as reading comprehension tests (i.e., pre-test, post-test), reading strategy instruction and reading comprehension texts (i.e., narrative, expository) were implemented throughout the conduct of this research. The findings revealed that text typology is a strong variable affecting the frequency of the use of some strategies among both EFL groups (i.e., control, experimental) at the pre-test and post-test levels. Finally, some useful implications and applications relevant to textual synthesis are presented and a few suggestions for future research are called upon.

The Interplay of Text Genre and Comprehension- checking Behavior: Moroccan EFL University Students as a Case Study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th November 2017

Mohammed Msaddek | 

Abstract

It is true that textual processing entails the methodical usage of monitoring strategies intended to facilitate the attainment of an effective, adequate comprehension. Indeed, English as a foreign language (EFL) learners, in their endeavor to generate efficient sense of any written discourse, are expected to employ a large corpus of strategic processes. Granted this, the current study depicts the typical influence of text genre (i.e., narrative, expository) on the use of the monitoring techniques among Moroccan EFL learners (n=113) at the pre-test and post-test levels. Two English department groups were targeted: Control group (n=50) and treatment group (n=63). In order to reach comprehensive findings, three research instruments such as reading tests, strategy instruction and reading comprehension texts (i.e., narrative, expository), were tapped. The outcomes showed that text genre does, to some extent, impact the frequent use of monitoring during the reading process. Lastly, the study concludes with some pertinent implications and suggested perspectives.

The Isotropic and Anisotropic Stellar Masses for a Charged Matter

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th September 2017

Jefta M. Sunzu |  B. Prabhakar Reddy

Abstract

In this paper we compare the relativistic masses for isotropic and anisotropic stellar objects. We use the exact solutions obtained in the work by Sunzu and Danford in order to compute the relativistic stellar masses. We have used a model that is charged and adopted a linear equation of state consistent for a quark matter. It is indicated that the relativistic masses generated are in the acceptable range when compared with stellar masses previously found by other researchers. Our model indicates that the masses for the isotropic case are higher than that of anisotropic object. Our results are therefore significant for the study of effects of the anisotropy on the charged stellar objects.

The parameters influencing consumer decision making in Sports Utility Vehicle launch event attendance

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd September 2017

C. Revathy | Jamal Mohamed Zubair

Abstract

This study is based upon a sample survey on consumer SUV launch event selection and attendance with regard to SUV product launches and the various processes involved in this area. Many strategies are involved in the decision making and few of them indicate new insights to the field of SUV launch event marketing and SUV launch event management. The process is quite complex as it involves variety of factors associated both with SUV launch event like nature of SUV launch event, objective, psychological, consumer values, societal influences and the pattern of their SUV launch event attendance and so on. The survey is done with a view to understanding the various influences that had enabled them attend a particular SUV launch event say SUV product launch. Questions for their not attending an SUV launch event to unravel the various factors that are involved in changing a positive attendance and their influence on the consumer decision process. The study revealed finer details of the parameters involved in the process of consumer decision of SUV launch event selection and attendance and gave insights (1) to enable a detailed analysis on the demographics of the consumers who have attended SUV launch event (2) to know the influence in the decision making on event attendance. The survey is done with a view to understanding the various influences that had enabled them attend a particular SUV launch event.

The relationship between college principals’ leadership styles and teachers' achievement motivation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th May 2018

SamratSrivastava | Siddharth Bosmiya

Abstract

College principals’ leadership styles play a major role in teachers’ performance. This paper examines the relationship between college principals' leadership styles, whether transformational or transactional, on teachers' achievement motivation. A total of 50facilitators of different departments were randomly selected from colleges in Mumbai suburb. The results revealed that a transformational leadership style was prevalent among principals, and teachers’ achievement motivation was positive. There was a positive correlation between the principals’ transformational leadership style and the teachers’ achievement motivation. This was seen through the result Relevant recommendations are included.

The Role of Innovation for a Successful Marketing

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

T. Binky Sharmila | 

Abstract

- Marketing is “The management process responsible for identifying, anticipating and satisfying customer requirements profitably”. But in today’s globally competitive market environment, satisfying customers is a rigid task for every organisation or marketers. This calls out the changes in marketing environment which pushes the marketers to come out with new factors to create a positive impact in their growth of business cycle and in purchasing impression of customers. This article takes one of the key factor Innovation which is proficient of bringing massive revolution in marketing field. Innovation is nothing but a process of coming up with fresh and new ideas which no one has ever brought it into market and applying them accordingly to customer’s needs or trend with a anticipation of creating positive impact. Innovation is necessary to survive, compete, with hold market leader status and to earn more profit in the market. Innovation marketing is a method of involving significant changes in product design or packaging, product placement, product promotion or pricing. This article focuses on how marketing process, that communicate the value of a product or service to customers which uses the coordination of four elements McCarthy’s 4 Ps of marketing : Place (Distribution) Price, Promotion, and Product, could acquire innovation conception to add little more colors in the wings of their marketing strategies. For these mentioned reasons, this paper pays special attention to the marketing innovation techniques and the increasingly significant impact it has on the process of achieving sustainable competitive advantage.

The Social Production of Space: a Study on Teenagers' Creation of Social Space in a Shopping Mall

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th September 2017

Dwijiri Ramchiary | 

Abstract

In recent years, Simultaneous Wireless Information and The aim of the study is to examine the shopping mall(DLF Mall ) located on the Nelson Mandela Road, New Delhi, as a space through Lefebre‟s triadic space conceptions and the specific focus is on teenagers‟ social use of the mall. In India, like anywhere else the shopping malls are increasingly providing its customers with the best built environment possible to enhance their shopping behaviour. Malls today are on the verge of erasing any replica of geographical locations given the fact that carbon-copy chain stores, ubiquitous greenery and floor plan directories have sprawled. Mall culture in India and especially in Delhi & NCR has grown with an incredible pace. A common trend has also been associated with the teenagers hanging out in the requisite food court .With the mushrooming of malls in India, hanging out at the mall is becoming one of the quintessential activities of urban adolescent life.

The struggles of Ceylonese Women in Rani Manicka?s, The Rice Mother and The Japanese Lover

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Manimangai Mani | -

Abstract

The Ceylonese Tamils migration to Malaya started after the year 1894. Most of them were educated and were employed in the British civil service in Malaya. Brides were often imported from Ceylon for these men who are well settled in this new country. This study intends to expose the struggles faced by these Ceylonese Tamil women who were displaced due to marriage in the pre-colonial Malaya. The struggles of these women will be based on the female characters in Rani Manickas, The Rice Mother (2002)and The Japanese Lover (2010). Manicka, who is of Sri Lankan origin, was born and educated in Malaysia. She sheds light on the complications and challenges faced by displaced women in a patriarchal society and the roles they are expected to play. Both the novels selected for this study depict the journey of imported brides in Malaya and the difficulties faced by them in adapting to the new environment. These two novels will be studied in the light of postcolonial theory by looking into the issues of displacement and identity. This paper will reveal the difficulties faced by these women in adapting to the new place and culture. Secondly, it will explore the hardships faced by these women during the Japanese occupation and finally the roles that were destined to be played by these women. Being displaced in a strange land, the main characters in both novels are forced to adapt to the new environment and the new roles that the society expected them to play.

The study of gender discrimination in situation of Mongolia and Taiwan

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 28th April 2018

OYUNTUGULDUR Gan-Unur | Munkhzaya Narantsetseg, Bayartsetseg Badralt, Uyanga Tumurkhuyag, Munkhjargal Purevsuren

Abstract

This research concerns the role of individuals (e.g., colleagues or managers) in workplace gender discrimination, with a special focus on the discriminatory evaluation of workplace altruism. Using questionnaire data, we compare levels of discriminatory performance evaluation in a developing country (Mongolia) and a developed country (Taiwan). The questionnaire, obtained from Heilman and Chen (2005), measures respondent’s perceptions of altruistic citizenship behavior in the workplace, carried out by a hypothetical employee who may be either male or female. Respondents’ differential evaluation of work performance, depending on whether the actor is male or female, is an indication of individual gender bias, and a possible explanation as to why the gender discrimination exists at the company level. The questionnaire data lead to two conclusions. First, gender discrimination among Taiwanese respondents is lower than among Mongolians. Second, even if Mongolian HRM policies were the same as in Taiwan, discrimination would be worse in Mongolia, where the vast majority of corporate decision-makers are men

The Study of low pressure melting curves using modified Morse potential- Cu and Ag as a test case

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 28th July 2017

P. S. Panchal | N. K. Bhatt,P. R. Vyas,V. B. Gohel

Abstract

— In the present communication, the volume and hence pressure dependence of melting temperature of Cu and Ag have been studied using explicit volume dependence of Gruneisen parameter. The Gruneisen parameter as a function of compressed volume has been calculated by using modified Morse potential. The analytical form of pressure dependence of melting temperature, which has been derived using Lindeman’s criterion for melting and Debye’s theory has been used. Our computed results are compared with experimental findings and other available theoretical results and good agreements are observed.

The study of perceptions of Mongolian Mining companies- a comparison analysis

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 28th April 2018

OYUNTUGULDUR Gan-Unur | ERGUIBAATAR Gendendamba, TUGULDUR Batbold, TSENGELMAA Bazar, ALTANCHIMEG Chogdgavaa

Abstract

This study is compared Mongolian public perceptions of two mining companies, Erdenet Mining Corporation (EMC) and Oyu Tolgoi (OT) which are the main players in the Mongolian mining industry. Two interrelated areas key drivers of Mongolian public opinion regarding natural resource development: First, public opinion that strongly supports government ownership; a firm belief that the lands and resources of Mongolia belong to the Mongolian people. The history of government ownership and control of the economy in Mongolia's socialist past is the ideological manifestation of this belief. Secondly, a fear of foreign domination (Damdinnyam, 2015), particularly by developed countries; The priorities of OT’s foreign investors are practically and ideologically opposed to those of the Mongolian public and represent a break from Mongolia’s socialist past. The public fears that the investing companies do not concern about the long-term impact of mining on Mongolia, especially the longterm sustainability and development of infrastructure and the environment. These are ideas that Mongolian people hold and assume that others share

Therapeutic support to an Adolescent with Aids dementia : Case Study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st July 2017

Guru Prasanna Lakshmi | 

Abstract

The major neurological complications associated with HIV infection include cognitive, behavioral, and motor disturbances, which may range in severity from subtle, mild cognitive deficits to the clinical syndrome referred to as HIVassociated dementia or AIDS dementia complex (ADC).(Rebecca .A. Meehan, PhD et;al, 2001). In this paper, I would like to highlight how the problem behaviors interrupt with the compliance and make socially isolated followed by delay in treatment, thus made difficult to prevent further progression of disease. The aim of the present study is to examine the application of integrative approach to enhance the quality of life in patients with Aids Dementia. A single case pre -and post-design intervention study was adopted. Adolescent suffering from Aids Dementia with presenting problem behaviors was given 8 sessions of comprising Cognitive Retraining, Behavior modification, few techniques from Cognitive therapy(Mistakes in thinking – learning to recognize them). The sessions were conducted once in alternate day for a period of 45 minutes - 1 hour. Child was assessed on CBCL in Pre - Post condition. The resulted psychological profile of the patient was qualitatively analyzed. The pre-assessment showed score of 55 which appeared to be severe level of problem behaviors .The post intervention assessment results indicated the improved quality of life with reduced problem behaviors in turn distress in personal and social life. The results of this study are encouraging and suggest that the therapeutic intervention, would be helpful in improving the patient compliance to the treatment and in turn prevention of disease progressiveness.

Thermal Analysis of Ca-FeSi inoculated. Ductile Iron

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Mr. Bahubali.B. Sangame | Mr. Vikram. B. Nalawade ,Mr. Suyog S. Patil,Mr. Swapnil S. Mali

Abstract

Ductile iron is an alloy of iron alloyed with carbon and silicon and manufactured by casting which offers good combination of strength and ductility. The presence of silicon in higher amount promotes the graphitization, inhibiting carbon to form carbides with carbide forming elements present. When Ce, Mg are added to the melt of iron with very low sulphur content, the carbon solidifies as spheroidal graphite. Due to this special microstructure containing graphite in nodular form, ductile iron possesses ductility & toughness superior to that of any cast iron & steel structure resulting in numerous successes in industrial application. The current work proposes thermal analysis system for analysis of ductile iron solidification processing. The system consists of standard pouring cup with built in thermocouple. The thermocouple is connected to data logger system so as to measure the time-temperature data of solidification sequence. The ductile iron treatment consists of composition control, melt pretreatment, magnesium treatment and inoculation processing. Even small change in processing can be monitored by thermal analysis and its effects on final microstructure and mechanical properties. The melting trials were conducted for varying amount of inoculant addition rate for Ca-FeSi inoculant, to study its effect on parameters of thermal analysis like eutectic undercooling temperature, recalescence, solidification pattern, final microstructure, and shrinkage tendency.

Three-Body Abrasive Wear Behavior of Al-8011 alloy Reinforced with Graphite and Red Mud Particulates

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Anil.K.C | Sachin Gadge,Rishabh Kumar Srivastva,K.V.Sreenivas Rao

Abstract

Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites have been in extensive demand due to their promising properties with respect to space, aerospace and automobile applications. In the present research work aluminum-red mud particulates (Al-RMp) &aluminum-graphite particulates (Al-Grp) reinforced composites were synthesized by traditional stir casting route. The reinforcement was varied from 4wt% to 20wt% in steps of 4wt%. The composites thus prepared were subjected to 3-body abrasive wear test as per the ASTM-G65 standard with three different loads of 10kg, 20kg and 30kg. The test was conducted for three different time periods of 10min, 20min, and 30min. The rotational speed of rubber wheel was set to 200rpm.The feed rate of the silica particles of 400 microns size were 28010 g/min. The specimens were also tested for hardness. The experimental results indicate that the hardness and the wear resistance of the composite increases with the increase in the addition of reinforcement particulate. Al-RMp composites exhibit higher hardness and better wear resistance compare to Al-Grp composites. Hardness and wear loss is quantified for all the test samples and reported.

To Improve the pH of Water

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th October 2017

Prof.Dr.AbhishekHaridas | Rushikesh Balasaheb Bagal

Abstract

To improve the pH of water by using Cu & Al electrode.

To Study on Kisan Credit Card a financial Inclusion and Its Impact on Farmer Pune District

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Pranita Pardeshi | 

Abstract

The Kisan Credit Card (KCC) scheme is a credit scheme introduced in August 1998 by Indian banks. This model scheme was prepared by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) on the recommendations of R.V.GUPTA to provide term loans and agricultural needs. Its objective is to meet the comprehensive credit requirements of the agriculture sector by giving financial support to farmers. Objective of the study are – 1) To study the awareness about KCC among farmers through sampling methods. The primary data has bben collected from interviewing farmers. The secondary data is collected annual report, NABARD website and research papers. The sampling size for the study is 50

To Study on Role and Importance of Managerial Skills in Business

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th April 2018

Feeroj N. Pathan | Sabika Razvi, Raman Karde

Abstract

This study attempts to analyze the contribution of businessmen in terms of their management skills towards the success of their business. Traditionally the term “management” refers to the activities (often the group of people) involved in the four general functions: planning, organizing, leading & coordinating of resources. Researchers aim at this topic was to discover business sense in different businessmen. The main intention of doing this research was that this research should be guided to the entire young entrepreneur to know all the pros and cons of business before starting. The methods used are descriptive analysis. The data for the study were collected by survey method to find out which skills were required to successfully run the business

To study the Budget Making Process in a Professional College

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th September 2017

Nitesh V Sanklecha | Dr. P. B. Yenurkar

Abstract

Ina scenario of uncertain admission for professional college year after year.Ever increasing competition among professional college for providing best academics & facilities to students. But providing the best academics and facilities hascost. The difficulty faces by professional college is that they have to provide these facilities at attractive low fees to students, so that their admissions do not suffer. Therefore the college as to balance their cost and revenue to avoid the stigma of making a loss.This paper tries to identify the Budgeting making process in a professional college.

To Study the Effects of Diseases on Plants Using Hyperspectral Data

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th April 2018

Swati B. Magare | Dr. Ratnadeep R. Deshmukh, Jaypalsing N. Kayte, Rohit S. Gupta, Rohinee Misal

Abstract

Many diseases cause severe economic loss to farmers through increased cost of pesticides and reduced yields. Visual inspection of disease is carried out when the photosynthetic tissues are already damaged. Hyperspectral reflectance is an effective and useful technique to assess the disease infection. The aim of this study is to examine the potential of hyperspectral reflectance in detecting the incidence of disease on various plants. It analyzes the plant health through measurement of reflectance at several wavelengths which allows the disease to be detected earlier and properly controlled. This paper summarises the disease detection research work done by different authors and importance of remote sensing, spectroradiometry to determine infection in plants, crops before symptoms become visually perceptible.

To study the effects of Homothorax during Drosophila Central Nervous system development

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th May 2018

Sreya Mukhopadhyay | Venu Gopal Reddy

Abstract

Hippo signalling has emerged as a novel tumor suppressor pathway that plays an important role in the regulation of tissue and organ size during development. The Hippo pathway consists of a core kinase cascade in which Hpo phosphorylates the protein kinase Warts. Activated Wts then go and phosphorylate and inactivate the transcriptional coactivator Yorkie (Yki). Wts promotes the association of Yki with 14-3-3 proteins, which helps anchor Yki in the cytoplasm and prevent its transport to the nucleus. Homothorax -a homeodomain transcription factor- in conjunction with Yki has been shown to regulate micro RNA bantam, a positive regulator of growth. Works from various laboratories have shown that down regulation of Homothorax reduced epithelial cell growth in eye discs. Here, we tried to characterize the effects of Homothorax knockdown in glial cells and its effects on CNS growth and development at various stages of Drosophila development. Previous work from our laboratory showed that glia specific knockdown of Homothorax does not reduce the glial cell number. However, in the present work, we notice that the mutant larvae displayed wedge shaped CNS phenotype with extended optic lobes. Further, we also studied the effect of Hth RNAi in embryos. In addition to that, we also noticed that Hth RNAi mutant pupae never enclosed into adults. Further, both to confirm the specificity of RNAi and rule out the off target effects of RNAi, we performed rescue experiments using mammalian homologue of Homothorax i.e. UAS Myc Meis. Glia specific expression of UAS Myc Meis completely rescued the Hth RNAi phenotype to normal. This experiment allowed us to study the functional conservation of Homothorax. Further it would be very interesting to study and characterize these phenotypes at both cellular and molecular level.

Toll-like receptors and calcium-activated chloride/potassium channels as immunomodulators of allergic airway inflammation and asthma: a public health research experience in State of Nebraska, USA

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th September 2017

Saumya Pandey | 

Abstract

Allergic airway inflammation and asthma have emerged as major public health problem in the Midwest, United States of America. Targeting Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling and Calcium-activated Chloride (ClCa)/Potassium (KCa) Channels in unraveling the cellular/molecular mechanisms underlying genetic susceptibility to inflammatory diseases in specific human patient population subset(s) is emerging as an attractive immunotherapeutic pharmacological strategy in management/prevention of asthma. Objectives: My pilot study aimed to investigate the role of TLRs and ClCa/KCa ion channels in human bronchial epithelial cells (NHBEC, BEAS-2B from ATCC), and eosinophils-derived from asthma patients of North American ethnicity. Methods: Whole cell patch clamp electrophysiological recordings were conducted for ClCa and KCa currents in cultured cells (passages P3-P7) grown on cover-slips. RNA and Protein were extracted from NHBECs, BEAS-2B and eosinophils using Trizol and RIPA methods. Pipette and bath solutions for electrophysiology were subjected to stringent pH and osmolality checks prior

Topic-based Modeling using Query based Approach with Independent XML Structure Data

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th April 2018

Heena Malani | S.R.Ghungrad

Abstract

The rapid adoption of XML as a standard for representation and exchange of information is an enormous amount of XML data retention and archiving on the Internet or incorporate data repositories. This will lead to the development of online decision support systems where users and analysts can interact large XML datasets through open query interfaces (such as XQuery or XSLT). Estimated responses are effective mechanisms to reduce response time and provide feedback to users. This approach has been successfully used in relational and more confident systems in the XML world. Complex evaluations of structured data are more expensive. Ranking and the most relevant search results became the most popular paradigm for processing XML messages. However, existing proposals did not adequately consider the structure, and therefore were not rational. Link structure to content to answer a relaxing question. To solve this problem, we offer a sophisticated query framework to support an approximate query of XML data. Responses under this framework do not need to be strictly adhered to. It may use a view that was subtracted from the original query. So we've developed a new top-of-the-line search method that can generate the most likely response in a ranking order relative to rank. We work with a comprehensive set of experiments to demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach in terms of precision and recall.

Traffic Load Computation on Cluttered Road Scenes

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st August 2018

V.S.Harilakshmi | P.Arockia Jansi Rani

Abstract

Automatic traffic load computation is an important aspect of today’s Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSs). Computation of traffic load helps in better management of flow of traffic and thus can help in planning transportation infrastructure and related policy. Large urban areas are subjected to face a major problem of traffic congestion because of the increase in number of vehicles. Different techniques have been proposed to estimate the traffic load to combat traffic congestion. Most of the works detect the edge of vehicles and count the number of vehicles in the frame. The method of counting number of vehicles may give faulty results and inefficient in case of extremely overlapping vehicles in congested road. This paper proposes the method of calculating the traffic load levels based on the application of image processing techniques on the background segmented road patch. Traffic load levels are then estimated based on the careful investigation and mapping of the feature values. Proposed load computation algorithm based on segmentation of cluttered road scenes shows superior results when compared to the existing load computation algorithms. We measure the vehicle detection rate. This technique, based on video processing of traffic frames, result in about 71.65%, 81.13% and 84.19% of overall vehicle detection on cluttered roads. The technique proposed in this paper works well on cluttered roads at various weather conditions. The proposed load computation technique can be applied to better understand traffic patterns in unlaned, chaotic roads of developing countries.

Training Effectiveness of Beef Cattle Fatening Business Based on Industry Waste in Indonesia

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th January 2018

Sudiyono | Shanti Emawati, Diffah Hanim, Endang Tri Rahayu, Ratih Dewanti

Abstract

The purpose of this research activity is to analyze the effectiveness of training of beef cattle fattening industry based on waste of brem industry as an indicator of training success. This research was conducted on May 4 to August 28, 2017 in Gebang Village, Nguntoronadi District, Wonogiri Regency, Indonesia. The research design used pre-experimental design with one group pretest and posttest design. Determination of research location is done by purposive and respondent determination by purposive method that is beef cattle rancher who follow training of beef cattle fattening industry based on brem waste in Gebang Village. The data used include the primary data from the questionnaires by respondents who are beef cattle ranchers who participated in the business training of beef cattle fattening based on the waste of brem industry and secondary data obtained from the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) of Wonogiri Regency and the Animal Husbandry, Fishery and Marine Office of Wonogiri Regency. Data analysis used is descriptive analysis. The results showed that there was an increase in knowledge of respondents who attended the business training of beef cattle fattening based on brem industry waste in Gebang Village, Nguntoronadi District, Wonogiri Regency. The average post-test result is bigger than pre-test result, so it can be concluded that the training of beef cattle fattening business based on industrial waste is successful and effective by showing the increase of knowledge of farmers after the training.

Training Effectiveness of Micro Small Medium Enterprises of Milk Processing in Indonesia

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th January 2018

Sutrisno Hadi Purnomo | Shanti Emawati, Ayu Intan Sari, Endang Tri Rahayu

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to analyze the effectiveness of micro small medium enterprise training development in Indonesia. This research was conducted on 3 June - 29 August 2017 in one of regency in Indonesia namely Boyolali Regency. The research design used pre-experimental design with one group pretest and posttest design. Determination of research location and respondent is done purposively with the respondent is business actors who follow training development of SMEs processing milk in Boyolali regency. The data used include primary data obtained from milk processing business practitioners through questionnaires and secondary data from the Central Bureau of Statistics Boyolali District and from the Department of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Boyolali District. Data analysis used is descriptive analysis and paired t-test. The results showed that there was an increase in knowledge of respondents who followed the training activities of SMEs development of milk processing in Boyolali District. The average post-test score is greater than the pre-test score, so it can be concluded that the provision of training on the development of SMEs in milk processing in Boyolali district was successful and effective by showing an increase in knowledge of respondents after the training.

Transfer Matrix Method for Precise Determination of Thicknesses in A 150- Ply Polyethylene Composite Material and Other Materials

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th December 2017

B Jyothi | Vikram vikrant, Shivnandan singh, Shivani singh

Abstract

The multilayer structure of an ultra- high molecular weight polyethylene composite material was investigated in the terahertz (THz) spectral range by means of time domain spectroscopy (TDS) technique. Such structures consist of many alternating layers of fiber (~150), each being perpendicular to the other and each having thickness of about 50 micrometers. A transfer matrix method (TMM) and a time domain fitting procedure were used to determine a thickness of all layers of the composite material with high accuracy. We apply this technique to various other materials.

Treating problem behaviors associated with the Aids Dementia in an Adolescent : A Case Study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Guru Prasanna Lakshmi .P | 

Abstract

The major neurological complications associated with HIV infection include cognitive, behavioral, and motor disturbances, which may range in severity from subtle, mild cognitive deficits to the clinical syndrome referred to as HIVassociated dementia or AIDS dementia complex (ADC).(Rebecca .A. Meehan, PhD et;al, 2001). In this paper, I would like to highlight how the problem behaviors interrupt with the compliance and make socially isolated followed by delay in treatment, thus made difficult to prevent further progression of disease. The aim of the present study is to examine the application of integrative approach to enhance the quality of life in patients with Aids Dementia. A single case pre -and post-design intervention study was adopted. Adolescent suffering from Aids Dementia with presenting problem behaviors was given 8 sessions of comprising Cognitive Retraining, Behavior modification, few techniques from Cognitive th erapy(Mistakes in thinking – learning to recognize them). The sessions were conducted once in alternate day for a period of 45 minutes - 1 hour. Child was assessed on CBCL in Pre - Post condition. The resulted psychological profile of the patient was qualitatively analyzed. The pre- assessment showed score of 55 which appeared to be severe level of problem behaviors .The post intervention assessment results indicated the improved quality of life with reduced problem behaviors in turn distress in personal and social life. The results of this study are encouraging and suggest that the therapeutic intervention, would be helpful in improving the patient compliance to the treatment and in turn prevention of disease progressiveness

Trends in e-commerce for Food & Beverage Industry in India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

Sandip T. Gaikwad | Shilpa B. Bansode

Abstract

India is one of the hot spot for many industries as it is having very large consumer base. With digitalisation in India, the new door of e-commerce is opened in India. E commerce is on boom in every sector of India. The Food and beverage industry is major part of glossary sale. In India, there are various challenges and opportunities, which are need to be address for the growth of the sector. There are many advantages of digitalisation like saving money, proper utilisation of resources and time saving. With introduction of mobile technology, the e-commerce in India is speed up. This development is being driven by a blend of rising web entrance, a drop in data access cost, a move to smartphones, and a stream of credit to buyers and micro enterprises. The B2B and B2C business is also having very big impact of this digitalisation. As retailers also prefer the online ordering as the delivery is timely. People are preferring order online due to many reasons and convenience is the major motivation factor. There are diverse aspects of e-commerce in Food and beverage industries. This paper targets to give overview of this sector especially in India

Tulsi Cookies

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th August 2017

Prof. Deepti Chaudhari | T.S. Dongare, O.N Dhanke, S.A. Gaikwad

Abstract

team of experts analyzed the true extent of global malnutrition, as well as the factors that causes it, to develop a new framework for prevention and treatment. More than 3 million children die each year because of malnutrition, accounting for more than 50 % of the deaths among those under the age of 5. As per the study led by scientists and researchers, there is a great need for treatment of acute malnutrition, promotion and child feeding and zinc or protein supplementation. The tulsi cookie is an initiative taken inorder to overcome these deficiencies. The product developed consists of zero trans fat and cholesterol.This is free from maida, wheat flour, thus it is gluten free.It consists of potent antibiotic, antibacterial, antifungicidal, germicidal properties.The cookies are rich highly enriched with Vitamin K, Vitamin D and other vital nutrients.It is highly cost effective.

Ultraviolet Light Effect on the Luminescent Lanthanide Complexes

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th November 2017

Wakeel Ahmed Dar | K. Iftikhar

Abstract

Non-fluorinated β-diketone (acetylacetone) and heterocyclic amine (pyrazines) were used to synthesize the lanthanide complexes of the eight-coordination number. The synthesized complexes were characterized by TGA/DTA, 1H NMR, UV/Vis and their photoluminescence and their Photostability is also investigated. The doping of the synthesized complexes in PVA polymer was also carried out, its photoluminescent properties were also obtainable and its photostability is also reported, making them favorable candidates for PLEDs and Laser studies are also carried out.

Use of ICT Tools among Graduate Housewives

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th April 2018

Chandrakant Ramrao Phad | Roger Anil Ingles

Abstract

Today’s world belongs to the era of information explosion. With the information edge on hand, the world is getting much competitive. Information and Communication Technologies comprise a complex and heterogeneous set of goods, applications and services used to produce, process, distribute and transform information. It also consists of segments as diverse as telecommunications, television and radio broadcasting, computer hardware, software and services and electronic media, for example, the internet and electronic mail. Traditional technologies continue to be important for large numbers of people around the world, whether they are male or female, married or unmarried, young or adult. The objective of this paper to analyze the use of ICT tools for different objectives among married females who are graduate and also are housewives. Primary data was gathered from different parts of Aurangabad city by using a structured questionnaire. There was no constraint on age. Convenient sampling technique was used and over 500 graduate housewives were analyzed. It was found from the analysis that the housewives use ICT tools for social networking, for learning, for financial purpose, they do online shopping using cash on delivery as a major payment option. It was also found that more than 80% of housewives use smartphones as a medium. It was concluded from the study that being so busy in the daily work the respondent takes out time for using ICT tools.

Use of Mathematics in Economy (Mathematical Tools for Analyzing Economy)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th December 2017

Pawan Kumar | Manish Sahani, Kunal Roy, Manjunatha K N

Abstract

As mathematics is the area which is widely used in almost all the areas of the life. Our main aim here is to know where still we are lagging in using the mathematics for economic analysis as it is very important topic of the current period. So on that contribution of mathematics to the area of the economy is considerable. In this paper, we will pass the light on the tools which are vastly used in finding the factors related to the economy and also to analyze the economy. There is a discussion on how these tools help in finding the factors (GDP, Interest Rate, Inflation, Repo Rate, Reverse Repo Rate etc.) and analyzing the economy. Here we are also going through the drawbacks of the mathematical tools (Forecasting using Statistical methods such as Means, Regression Correlation, Percentages, Graphical Methods) while using in an analysis. Finally, we will discuss and analyze the improvements need to increase the accuracy of the results and to reduce the mistakes in the results of the economic factors which are part of economic analysis

Value Added Products from Grapes: A Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

K. U.Yadav | S.B.Swami. V, K.H.Pujari

Abstract

Grapes (vitis vinifera) belongs to the family Vitaceae is one of the major fruit crop. India ranks 11th in grape production with production of 1.8 million tons grapes from an area of 80,000 ha. Approximately 71% of world grape production is used for wine, 27% as fresh fruit and 2% as dried fruit. The value addition in grapes and diversification of grapes products also provide good returns to growers. The major consumption of grapes in India is a fresh fruit followed by resins, wine and juice while at global level 78 – 80 % grapes processed into wine followed by resins and juice. The fruits have appreciable amount of carbohydrates, protein, phytonutrients, polyphenols and contain other important vitamin such as vitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin C, vitamin B6 also rich in thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and minerals like potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorous and sodium. Grapes have higher water content (86 to 88%) that helps in keeping the body hydrated and also contain dietary fiber, healthy carbs, antioxidants angoramoderate amount of protein. Grapes also useful for indigestion, breast cancer, blood cholesterol, kidney disorders, antibacterial activity, protection against sunburns, skin softener, fight diabetes, immune system. Value added products of grapes are grape resins, grape wine, grape juice, grape vinegar, grape pekmez, grape verjus, sweet spreads (jam, jelly, butter and marmalade). These value added products are useful for control diabetes, treat anemia, care fever, eye care, prevent acidosis, promote bone health and dental care. Value additional products from grapes need to high moisture, generally acidic food that is relatively easy to process and that offers a variety of flavor, aroma, colour and calories but are an excellent source of directly fibers and essential vitamins

Value at Risk (VaR) using statistical method

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd November 2017

Amir Ahmad Dar | N. Anuradha

Abstract

The Value at Risk (VaR) is a technique that is used in risk management to measure the amount of risk associated with an investor’s or a company’s portfolio within a specified time frame. This research concludes that the VaR is an extremely important, but fragile risk measure. It is also important for decision-making process for proper implementation and precision of estimates. It has proven to be an effective and intuitive risk measure with convenient properties when calculated and used appropriately to the market conditions and risk management needs. Here in this paper, we will try to understand how the techniques are working actually by making certain experiments on data. The data is taken from www.yahoofinance.com of Mc Donald’s from 1st January 2000 to 31st December 2015 on monthly basis. The data is first tested for Normality with chi-square test and the different characteristics are validated by different graphs. The necessary parameters are estimated by taking the help of Minitab and Excel. The main aim is to calculate the VaR by specifying the confidence intervals, time period, the mean and the standard deviation and the behavior of the VaR using the Anderson-Darling statistic...

Value Chain Analysis for Coffee in Karnataka

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th May 2018

M.N. Waghmare | P.N. Shendage, D.P. Kaledhonkar

Abstract

Coffee follows a complex chain from crop to cup wherein a coffee bean goes through various processes which adds value at each stage involving different actors. In this context, the present study was undertaken with objectives, to study the marketing actors involved in coffee value chain and how value added is distributed between the different actors. The study was carried out in Coorg district during 2013-14, 30 famers were randomly selected from two tahsils, three small curing works, five local roasters and exporting company were selected. The study revealed that there existed channels for both domestic and international markets. The different actors from coffee to cup include producers, hullers, agents, curers, exporters, roasters and retailers and finally consumers. Intermediaries had a major role in the chain. Most of the producers (75 per cent) sell their produce to the agents at the farm gate price. Main quality parameters checked were for moisture content, out turn of coffee, berry borers, and for the presence of Blacks and bits. It was also seen that curers directly purchase the produce from the farmers. From the curer level, it is either sold in domestic market or the international markets. Ten percent of the trade also takes place through ICTA auctions after curing stage wherein cured coffee is sold either to domestic roasters or the exporters. The roasters had a huge share in the value addition and their net margins were higher. The marketing problems include price variation, lack of storage and infrastructure facilities. There is a need to improve the livelihood of small producers to make them their position in the global market

Various Pretreatment Technologies for Bioethanol Production: A Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

Shefali Chokshi | Shreya Kundu,Kunal Majmudar

Abstract

Due to increase in population and industrialization, all over the globe the demand for fossil based fuel is constantly increasing. This increase in demand for non-renewable fossil based fuel is exhausting the reservoirs of oil as well as possesses severe threats to environment. Thus energy sector have shifted its focus from non-renewable fossil based fuel to renewable biofuels like biogas, bioethanol, biodiesel, etc., contributing towards sustainable development and overcome the threats to environment. Among these biofuels, bioethanol is substituting source of energy receiving special attention over the globe due to exhaustion of nonrenewable fossil fuels and has some significant advantages such as its capability to replace gasoline, to achieve the carbon emission goals under Kyoto Protocol and can be used as transportation fuel with minimal or no modifications in the existing vehicular engines. This bioethanol is produced using lignocellulosic materials and biomass like municipal solid waste, crops, etc. But crops cannot meet the global requirements of bioethanol production considering food v/s fuel debate. So, the lignocellulosic substances such as agricultural wastes, kitchen waste, municipal solid waste etc., are captivating raw material for bioethanol production. Agricultural wastes and kitchen wastes are not only cost effective but are also renewable and ample in quantity. Bioethanol from lignocellulosic material could be a promising technology though the process has several provocations and limitations such as handling and transport of the biomass and coherent pre-treatment methods for total delignification of lignocellulosic materials. Concentrations of fermentable sugars after enzymatic saccharification or enzymatic hydrolysis can be increased by considering appropriate pre-treatment methods, also improving the efficiency of the process. Converting glucose as well as xylose to bioethanol needs some new technologies, to make the whole process cost effective. This paper reviews various pre-treatment methods available for lignocellulosic materials to be further hydrolyzed and fermented to produce bioethanol.

Vibrational, Non-Linear Optical, Thermal And Energy Gap Studies On 4-(3-Bromophenyl)-2- Phenyl-1,3-Thiazole (BPPT): A Density Functional Theory Approach

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

V. Vasantha Kumar | Laxmikanth Rao

Abstract

Theoretical studies have been carried out on BPPT using DFT-B3LYP method using 6-311+G basis set. The geometrical parameters of the title molecule, like bond length, bond angle and dihedral angles have been calculated and studied. The IR wavenumbers have been calculated theoretically using above mentioned method and are compared with the experimental IR wavenumbers. From this analysis, it can be seen that the vibrational frequencies obtained from B3LYP method are in good agreement with the experiment. Nonlinear optical properties like dipole moment, hyper polarizabilities and thermal properties like rotational constants, zero point vibrational energies are calculated using the same methodology. The effect of temperature on various thermodynamic properties have been calculated theoretically and reported. The frontier molecular orbital studies have been carried out to explain the charge transfer in title molecule.

Violation of Women Human Rights at the time of Natural Disaster is itself a Disaster

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 15th March 2018

Sarwat Fatma | Haziqul Yaquin

Abstract

The constitution of India provides human environmental rights to ensure social, political and economic justice and equality to its citizens, ensuring amongst others, decent standard of life, to improve public health and sanitation, organize agriculture and animal husbandry to both men and women equally. Every person enjoys the right to a wholesome environment, which is an aspect of the “right to life & personal liberty” guaranteed in the article 21 of the Indian Constitution. All human beings have the fundamental right to reside in an environment adequate for their health and well being. Out of the two concepts of Environmental Rights, the first is “Right to healthy and adequate environment” and the other one is the idea that “Environmental Human Rights can be derived from other human rights, usually-the right to life, the right to health, the right to private family life and the right to property.” But the onset of various environmental issues, especially “climate change”, has created violation of these rights and also potential conflicts between different human rights especially for women. Human rights ultimately require a working ecosystem and healthy environment, but the granting of certain rights to individuals may damage these. Such as the conflict between right to decide number of offspring and the common need for a healthy environment

Viscous and Joule’s dissipation effects on Bioconvection MHD Casson radiative fluid flow over a stretching sheet with slip condition

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th November 2017

D.Gopal | N.Kishan

Abstract

The present work deals with an investigation of steady two dimensional flow of analyzed slip effects of viscous, joules dissipation, inclined magnetic field Casson fluid flow containing both nanoparticles and gyrotactic microorganism with analyzed on heat, mass, concentration and motile microorganism. The governing partial differential equations (PDEs) are complex and highly non-linearized. These equations are transfigured to system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) using suitable transformations. The governing mathematical expressions are converted into non-dimensional form via nonlinear type similarity variables. The resulting mathematical model is numerically solved with the help of MATLAB solver bvp4c. Further interesting aspects of viscous dissipation, magnetic parameter, Radiation parameter, Peclet number and Joule heating on the non-dimension velocity, temperature, concentration, the distribution of motile microorganisms are examined. The results are obtained from the skin friction coefficient, local Nusselt number and local Sherwood number are computed and explicated through table as well as graphs.

Viscous Dissipation Effects on Unsteady MHD Parabolic Flow past an Infinite Isothermal Vertical Plate In The Presence Of Radiation and Chemical Reaction

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th April 2018

B. Prabhakar Reddy | Jason M. Mkenyeleye

Abstract

The effects of viscous dissipation on unsteady MHD free convection flow with a parabolic starting motion of an infinite isothermal vertical porous plate in the presence of radiation and the chemical reaction has been presented. The fluid is considered a grey, absorbing emitting radiation but a non-scattering medium. The dimensionless governing equations for this investigation are solved numerically by applying finite element method. The numerical results for the velocity field, temperature fields and concentration field are presented through graphs for different values of the physical parameters involved. We found that there is a fall in the temperature and velocity in the boundary layer as the radiation parameter increased. The velocity field increases with increase in the thermal and mass Grashof numbers and decreases with increase in the magnetic parameter. Further, the concentration and velocity fields decrease with increasing Schmidt number and chemical reaction parameter

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) Emission from plant species of the Vidarbha

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th September 2017

Rashmi Singh |  M.P. Singh

Abstract

Plants emit numerous volatile organic compounds (VOC). In this study, 50 dominant plant species of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, India were examined for VOC emissions. VOC emission rates of the plant species ranged from undetectable to75.2 g g-1 h -1 . Maximum VOC emission rates of 75.2 g g-1 h -1 observed from Dalbergiasi sissoo.

Way-finding and Signage Design opportunities and challenges within the Indian context for Smart City

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th July 2017

Rajendra Bhimraoji Thakre | 

Abstract

The cultural and linguistic diversity of India is evident from the fact that there are 22 major languages in India, written in 13 different scripts, with over 720 dialects. India where tradition and modernity are always at an interesting intersection, this diversity plays a very important role in various aspects of communication design. In this context, navigation and way finding in India presents itself as an important area of study. Navigation and way-finding are integral part of modern life in India. However, applying principles of modern design in the Indian context is at times challenging. Empirically, an average Indian user depends on local place names landmarks and other colloquial identifiers for way finding and navigation. Further, appropriate urban planning in recent years has taken a back seat in the frenzy of the urban development. As a result, there is a haphazard growth of urban areas and influx into semi-urban and rural areas. This has an impact on the physical and “visual” infrastructure of a given geography. Pune, as an urban-agglomerate is typical case of Indian city witnessing these dynamics. Pune is the 9th most populace city in India with a population of more than 50 lakhs spread over 500 sq. km. This paper aims to explore how way-finding and signage in different neighborhoods of Pune have evolved. The paper documents the diversity of the different neighborhoods of Pune city and analyses the various socio-cultural, traditional and modern influences that have an impact on way-finding and signage. There is scope to design better smart navigation & real time information on current scenario. The paper discusses the key opportunities and challenges for design educators and practioners in this regard.

What synergy! Role of Language and the Five Senses in Expression and Eternalisation of a Brand

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th June 2018

Komalpreet Kaur Chhabra | Dr. Seema Rathore

Abstract

Noam Chomsky, the famous linguist proposed a progressive definition of Language and its role in the existence of human life as, “A language is not just words. It‟s culture, a tradition, a unification of a community, a whole history that creates what a community is, because it‟s all embodied in a language.” Thus language is an effective entity, an eternal bridge that connects thoughts, ideas, products and people. Language is words, it is also feelings, it is an amalgamation, an association, sometimes dissociation of the five senses that play a key role in the vicinities of human existence. Martin Lindstrom has aptly supported the above quote as, “As the world of communication is constantly changing, Interaction has become one of the main catalysts.” Further, to define the role of Language, the five senses of human beings also play an indispensable role in their description as they are closely inter-related. In today‟s scenario, „Brand‟ is a symbol or outcome of such Language and Expression, to which everyone would relate in one way or another. This paper is an attempt to describe the synergy that the collaboration of five senses and the thread of Language create in Expressing and Eternalizing a Brand.

Wireless Mobile Charger

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 23rd January 2018

Bhavya Reddy. V |  Annadevi M.E

Abstract

In this present age of information technology, mobile phones are the basic need of every person. Emerging technologies are making our lives simpler these days. With the introduction of mobile phones, life has changed rapidly. This is a dream of radio engineering. Mobile phones merged land line telephone systems. These days, many advancements in the mobile phones were introduced. The services such as texts, internet etc., are provided by these advancements. We still rely on the battery charger even after the advancements are made. Thus the battery chargers are required to carry everywhere to keep the battery backup. Now just of a battery charger that charges a mobile automatically. When you sit for tea and place your mobile on table, it simply charges your mobile. In this research paper we would like to propose the concept of charging the mobile phone using wireless communication. It is the way of charging a device using microwave signals, which can eliminate the use of cables, power adapter etc. Charging is done automatically, when call connected in your mobile phone as we talk in the mobile phone. This is done by the use of microwaves.

Wood Density Variation around the Circumference in Pinus Merkusii Jhungh & de Vriese

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th December 2017

K.Lego | C.L.Sharma, M.Sharma

Abstract

Wood density is one of the most important wood characteristics. It is an important indicator of wood quality and selection of wood for different end uses. The present study was carried out on cross-sectional discs of Pinus merkusii at breast height collected from pine forest of Dong village, Anjaw district of Arunachal Pradesh. The main aim of the present study was to evolve an efficient sampling procedure for wood density comparison amongst trees. Analysis of variance carried out among eight cardinal directions revealed significant variation in wood density around the circumference. A non-significant variation was observed when the wood density of two opposite directions as compared with a mean of eight cardinal directions with multiple comparisons by using linear contrast. Hence, any two opposite directions can be suggested for comparison of wood density among Markus Pine trees

Woodchip Bioreactors for Nitrate Removal In Agricultural Land Drainage: A Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Mehraj U Din Dar | Shakeel Ahmad Bhat, Syed Rouhullah Ali, Shafat Ahmad Khan

Abstract

Subsurface agricultural drainage can allow large gains in agricultural productivity in the Midwestern United States. There is, however, concern about pollutants moving through these systems. One specific water quality concern is nitrate, a form of nitrogen that moves readily through the soil and often can be present in high amounts in clear drainage waters. The water quality of our local streams, rivers, and lakes can be negatively impacted by nitrate in tile drainage. Moreover, because many streams and rivers in this region lead to the Mississippi River, nitrate in mid-western agricultural drainage also contributes to the hypoxic zone (or Dead Zone) in the Gulf of Mexico. Fortunately, there are a number of practices that can reduce the amount of nitrate in drainage water. Woodchip bioreactors are a new option to reduce the amount of nitrate in drainage before it gets to local surface waters. This technology describes key questions relevant to this innovative approach to water quality. A woodchip bioreactor is made by routing drainage water through a buried trench filled with woodchips. Woodchip bioreactors also are known as DE nitrification bioreactors, a name that is slightly more descriptive of the actual process occurring inside the bioreactor. DE nitrification is the conversion of nitrate (NO3-) to nitrogen gas (dinitrogen, N2) that is carried out by bacteria living in soils all over the world and also in the bioreactor. These good bacteria, called denitrifiers, use the carbon in the woodchips as their food and use the nitrate as part of their respiration process. Because these bacteria also can breathe oxygen, providing anaerobic conditions through more constantly flowing tile water helps ensure that the bacteria utilize the nitrate. Providing these denitrifiers an ample supply of carbon to eat and giving them anaerobic conditions in the bioreactor offers them a perfect environment to remove nitrate from drainage, and in this way we can get rid of the nitrate from the drainage water which ultimately joins other water bodies and can create serious health hazards like the most coveted Blue baby Syndrome. A typical woodchip bioreactor can treat 30 to 80 acres of nitrate infested fields with an annual nitrate load reduction of about 10 percent to greater than 90 percent depending on the bioreactor.

GOLD SCHEMES Can They Replace The Need To Hold Physical Gold? Expectations and Realities

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd January 2018

M. Sudha Madhavi | T.V. Janaki

Abstract

From ages Indian womens love for gold is very famous. The yellow metal which was described as barbaric relic by famous thinkers has always been occupying prime place in the life of Indian woman. However for a long period of time Indian Government failed to consider this fact and capitalize it. They followed US way and considered gold as evil asset. The picture has reversed with the bounce back of the gold in global economy. In spite of much disregard of modern economist about its economic value, to their shock gold now proves its mystic hidden power by bouncing back as a financial asset in the global economy. Realizing the power of gold which is backed by 20,000 tons of gold lying idle with people and temple Modi government accepted gold as a reality of the Indian Economy and launched three gold schemes namely Gold Monetization Scheme, Sovereign Gold Bonds and Gold Coin Scheme. Monetization is the process of converting or establishing something into legal tender. However, still the questions remain about the success of the schemes. GMS aims to alleviate the need to hold physical gold or in more precise finance terms improve the productivity of gold. Will the scheme trio achieve the purpose? If not what modifications are required to be adopted for taking the scheme much more nearer to people knowing the Indian psychology towards gold. The present paper is a discussion paper on these thought provoking issues. Authors attempt to trigger few questions into the minds of the esteemed academicians with a modest attempt to provide few suggestions.