International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management:



ISSN:

2456-1304

Number of Papers:

177

Journal Site:



A Case study of 5S implementation in Manufacturing Enterprises

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Gopinath S | Vikram H,Sivarampandian J

Abstract

In todays competitive world, it is quite necessary for an organization to maintain certain key strategical tools to survive in the market. Lean manufacturing is defined as a systematic procedure which helps in the process of waste management and elimination within an enterprise. Lean manufacturing involves 5S which is a set of principles and standards. This research paper emphasis on formulating key essential certifications that a manufacturing industry must procure so to maintain standards. 5S is one of the key tools that a company can acquire that helps it in continuous improvement culture. 5S proclaims for certain visual disciplines to be maintained. 5S strategical represents systematic approach for the overall improvement in quality, productivity and improvement. This research paper proposes the various aspects of 5S and value based analysis is done using certain analytical softwares. SMEs were approached with different questionnaires and proper survey data was collected, interpreted and used for analysis. Relationship between each category is realized and conclusion drawn.

A Comparative Study on Rural and Urban Women with Respect to Entrepreneurial Activity

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Ashima Kapoor | 

Abstract

Rural and urban women are makers of family; they help the nation to grow. In our country development, women are socially and economically necessary. Entrepreneurship is the activity which is present in the women but is not capitalized in India in which it should be. The Big reason in India is that it is Male dominated country where the voice of women cannot be heard by the society. They think women are born only for household work because of which the rural and urban women cannot explore themselves. So in this study we will try to find out the various problems and inspiring factors of women entrepreneurship in rural and urban areas of Delhi. We will try to suggest the ways of eliminating and reducing the problems of the women entrepreneurship in rural and urban areas

A Comprehensive Review – Anatomical, Functional and Molecular profiling of honey bee wax moth Galleria mellonella

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th September 2017

S. Pooja Sri | S. Sribal

Abstract

The greater wax moth Galleria mellonella attracts the view of many researchers by their anatomical, functional and molecular profiling patterns. Mostly the larvae feeds on honey bee hive and Larvae of the greater wax moth Galleria mellonella have been shown to provide a useful insight into the pathogenesis model of a wide range of microbial infections including mammalian fungal (Fusarium oxysporum, Aspergillus fumigatus, Candida albicans) and bacterial pathogens, such as Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus vulgaris, Serratia marcescens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Listeria monocytogenes or Enterococcus faecalis [1]. Like mammals, insects possess a complex innate immune system. In addition, analogies are found between the epithelial cells of insect larval midguts and intestinal cells of mammalian digestive systems. Finally, several basic components essential for the bacterial infection process such as cell adhesion, resistance to antimicrobial peptides, tissue degradation and adaptation to oxidative stress are likely to be important in both insects and mammals [2]. Thus, insects are polyvalent tools for the identification and characterization of microbial virulence factors involved in mammalian infections [1]. In 1934, many researchers focused on studying the larval body fluids to understand the biochemical mechanism of the honey bee moth. The larva of Galleria mellonella is available as in commercial for feeding the predatory insects. Not only this organism is used an innate immunity model but also it is now investigating for doing a research in genetic hereditary studies of sterility mechanism. The main aim of this review paper is to provide the current knowledge of this organism anatomical, functional, molecular profiling. My future aspects is to do whole genome sequence of this organism and also to create novel knock out model for understanding the interaction of foreign particles with the innate immune response disorders

A New Approach DSS for Suitability Analysis

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Nitin Kumar | -

Abstract

Decision support systems (DSS) are highly used in industries like management and administration. However, recently they are also being used in engineering for solving problems up to certain extent. Suitability analysis is a technique used in civil and environmental engineering which is majorly GIS based. A DSS was developed for suitability analysis of various natural aspects of a region with its implementation in civil and environmental. The system is a graphical user interface developed programmatically with the help of MATLAB. It is based on direct interaction and processing with images. It was implemented on LULC, Drain ability, and slope to study the simultaneous effect of these features and observe their combined contribution to the analysis. It was observed that the system can produce the combined effect and also produce the simultaneous effect of variation of weights of features and elements of input images in real time. The number of features being studied simultaneously can be varied according to the requirement of the study.

A Parametric Study of Grit Blasting Nozzle Variables for Aerospace Metals Surface Preparation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Dr. E. Daniel Kirby | Dr. Ravindra Thamma,Miroslaw Kot

Abstract

Grit blasting is a common and reliable method for surface preparation of aerospace metal components for subsequent operations. Unfortunately, the complex nature of aerospace components creates difficulty in providing sufficient cleaning of surfaces within tight cavities and intricate geometries. Manufacturers of grit blasting equipment have created different media types and sizes, along with different nozzles and blasting parameters, in order to provide a large variety of capabilities within this technology. This investigation of different nozzle designs and parameters, involved the use of quantitative methods, developed to evaluate the effectiveness of grit blast surface cleaning. The most critical aspect of grit blasting is the erosion effect on surface of the material, and therefore the amount of material removed is used as the response parameter for this study. This analysis will show amount of material removal and recommendations as to which method provides the safest parameters before significant amount of material is removed.

A review on bridging (Reducing) the SG (Semantic Gap) in CBIR and Annotation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Tabassum Nahid Sultana | Md Abdul Haleem Bahadur, [3]Dr. Ruksar Fatima,[4]Mohammed Shakeeb Ahmed

Abstract

: this paper has tried to identify the problems in content based image retrieval technique. The key obstacle of CBIR approaches is the SG i.e., the difference between the low level features to high level concept of human perception. To extend the image retrieval process beyond low level visual descriptors to high level image semantics. Therefore researches proposed different SBIR techniques to bridge the SG using various machine learning algorithms for the extraction of semantic images to increase the accuracy of the image retrieval process.

A Review on Drilling Process of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic Laminates

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Ashwanth. B | Balaji. P,Guruprasaad. M,Suresh Kumar. M. S

Abstract

Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastics have found wide range of application in aerospace, automobiles, sports and in energy sector due to their high strength to weight ratio. Drilling CFRP composites is a challenge as they are anisotropic materials. Over the years though lot of work has been done to address this issue there is still huge scope for improvement in drilling CFRP composites. This paper gives a literary review of drilling of CFRP composites over the years. This paper also identifies the various factors causing delamination and affecting the quality of the drill and thus provides general recommendations for the selection of process parameters of the drill for better quality of finish.

A Study of the Effect of Pyrites and Rhizobium Inoculation on Chlorophyll and Sugar Content in Black Gram under Sodicity Stress Condition.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Raj Rupali Singh | 

Abstract

The study reveals that sodic conditions of soil resulted in poor bio-synthesis in black gram plants and hence both chlorophyll‘a’, ‘b’ and reducing and non-reducing sugar contentsdecreased with increasing levels of RSC water treatments. Incorporation of iron pyrites as an ameliorating agent significantly improved the availability of nutrients and enhanced the chlorophyll and sugar content. The Rhizobium inoculated treatments supplemented with 50 g iron pyrites pot-1 adjusted best among all the treatments and plants could withstand irrigation with 2.5 meL-1 RSC water without being adversely affected. Further, 7.5 meL¬-1 proved detrimental for plant growth and recorded maximum reduction in sugar and chlorophyll contents in the treatments which were not supplied with pyrites

A Study on “Critical Pedagogy” in NCF 2005 adopted by English teachers at Upper Primary stage in Manipur with reference to low achievement of students

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Dr. M. Gunamani Singh | 

Abstract

This paper presents the results from a qualitative research study that explores the experiences of high school teachers with some of teaching techniques and approaches in critical pedagogy.The study considers teachers who may not have explicitly learned about or applied critical pedagogy in teaching. It investigates how feasible and desirable they find the techniques and approaches in critical pedagogy to be based on their teaching experiences these teachers work in school with largely upper – middle class students, so the issue of applying critical pedagogy with affluent students adds a dimension of interest to this study.It was generally expected that school teachers would be implementing several teachingapproaches relating to critical pedagogy prescribed in NCF-2005 but these pedagogieswere found only partially implementedby them at Elementary stage in Manipur. Probably this could be one of the main reasons that the problem of low achievement in English persisted in some schools and English language learners did not attain the proficiency of languageskills required at the end of the Elementary stage in Manipur. Therefore, there isneed to address this issue because it may not help future careers of the children. After the identification of this problem, ten schools (5 Private English medium schools and 5 Government schools) were selected for our study. Among these 5 Private schools, 2 of them were convent schools. Of the 5 Government schools, one is a model school where relatively more facility has been created by the Government. In order to carry out the investigation, questionnaires were administered to the teachers of English, who are working in these ten schools and their responses were analyzed. In addition, the Heads/Principals were also consulted by the investigator in relation to teaching/learning process, evaluation systems and their administration. We found some

A Study on Quality of Windrow Compost Produced From Different Municipal Solid Wastes in India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Gade.Venkatesham | M.Chandra Sekhar,T.Bala Narsaiah,P.Akhila Swathanthra

Abstract

Indian Municipal solid waste (MSW) consists of 50-55 % of bio degradable organic matter. This typical composition suggests composting as a suitable option, if source segregation can be adopted. Composting of MSW is proved to be a sustainable option in many countries as the other methods of disposal pose challenges like demand for land, leachate pollution, gas production, low calorific value, heterogeneity of combustible materials, air pollution, etc. Composting organic material in MSW will result in compost, which can be used as soil conditioner in agriculture. With the cost of inorganic fertilizers on the rise in the recent decades, compost can be a good substitute for farmers. The present paper reports the results of a study wherein the quality of compost produced by adopting Windrow/aerobic Composting. As a part of above study Windrow/aerobic Composting samples are collected from different Municipal corporations which are using Windrow/aerobic Composting and the quality of compost is analyzed. Fertilizing Index and Clean Index are used for assessing the quality of the compost. The indices are categorized into marketable classes (A, B, C & D) or restricted use class (RU-1, RU-2 & RU-3) based on their fertilizing parameter and Heavy metal content.

A Study on Quality of Windrow Compost Produced From Different Municipal Solid Wastes in India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Gade.Venkatesham | M.Chandra Sekhar,T.Bala Narsaiah,P.Akhila Swathanthra

Abstract

Indian Municipal solid waste (MSW) consists of 50-55 % of bio degradable organic matter. This typical composition suggests composting as a suitable option, if source segregation can be adopted. Composting of MSW is proved to be a sustainable option in many countries as the other methods of disposal pose challenges like demand for land, leachate pollution, gas production, low calorific value, heterogeneity of combustible materials, air pollution, etc. Composting organic material in MSW will result in compost, which can be used as soil conditioner in agriculture. With the cost of inorganic fertilizers on the rise in the recent decades, compost can be a good substitute for farmers. The present paper reports the results of a study wherein the quality of compost produced by adopting Windrow/aerobic Composting. As a part of above study Windrow/aerobic Composting samples are collected from different Municipal corporations which are using Windrow/aerobic Composting and the quality of compost is analyzed. Fertilizing Index and Clean Index are used for assessing the quality of the compost. The indices are categorized into marketable classes (A, B, C & D) or restricted use class (RU-1, RU-2 & RU-3) based on their fertilizing parameter and Heavy metal content.

A Study on the Impact of Mobile Phone Addiction amongst the Youth in Chandigarh

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th September 2017

Dr. Anubhuti Sharma | Agreema Sharma

Abstract

The present endeavor was aimed to study the impact of mobile phone addiction amongst the youth in Chandigarh. For this purpose, 110 college students (55 males and 55 females) with an age range of 17-22, were randomly selected from various colleges of Chandigarh. Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire (Billieux, et. Al. 2008) was administered on the sample. Descriptive statistics comprising of means and standard deviations were applied to assess the impact. Gender differences were also delved into. Results showed the dysfunctional mobile phone usage affecting males and females differently

A study on the Morphological Variation in Mandibles of Four Wasp Species

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Kiran Vati K | K. Bhasker Shenoy

Abstract

Adult wasp have chewing and lapping type of mouthparts. The mandibles are structurally different in different species of wasps, suggesting that the variation in mandible is due to specific activities that it does in its life time. The function of mandibles are retained primarily for biting, chewing and also for handling other material like mud or mastication of plant fibers during nesting. Variation in mandibles of four wasp species is presented in this paper. The structure of the mandibles is elongate with presence /absence of teeth in solitary wasps like Delta pyriforme pyriforme (Fabricius, 1775) and Sceliphron caementarium (Drury 1773). These wasps use the mandibles to excavate wet mud from the ground and carrying it. Mandibles are also used for capturing prey like caterpillars or spiders which are carried to its nesting sites. In case of social wasps like Vespa tropica (Linnaeus, 1758) and Ropalidia marginata (Lepeletier, 1836) the mandible is short with large teeth’s. These wasps use mandibles to masticate the wood or plant fibers to convert it into a soft pulp which is utilized in the construction of papery nests. Mandibles are also used in mastication of prey, which is given as feed for the developing wasp larva

A Study Onmacro Economic Determinants Of NonPerforming Loans In Indian Public Sector Banks

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Ms. Adithi Ramesh | Prof. Dr.C.B.Senthil Kumar

Abstract

The macroeconomic variables will have a serious impact in the success of credit market.Non-performing loan is an important factor that is being considered to monitor the performance of the banks and financial institutions in the credit market. This paper focuses on study of the relationship and significance between Non-performing loans of public sector banks in India and macroeconomic factors such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth, Inflation, Credit growth and unemployment.

A Theoretical Study of Magnetic Impurity Effect on Superconducting Properties of Manganese doped MgB2

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Gargee Sharma | Smita Sharma

Abstract

In the present study we investigated the theoretical calculation of Superconducting state parameter (SSP) by doping of MN on MgB2 superconductor for concentration (x=0.006, 0.007, 0.014, 0.016, 0.020). We use Ashcroft's pseudo potential in conjunction Random phase approximation (RPA) dielectric screening function with methodology based on BCS- Elias berg Mc. Millan framework in which material properties like electron-phonon coupling strength (?) and Coulomb pseudo potential (*) are obtained from the knowledge of electron-ion pseudo potential. The super-conducting state properties like transition temperature (TC), isotope effect exponent (?) and interaction strength (N0V) are then obtained by using the values of ?, * and relevant to the superconductor .It is also observed that addition of Manganese to superconductor MgB2 causes the parameters ?, *, ?, N0V, TC decreases with increasing in Manganese concentration. Present calculation also observed that TC for alloys Mg1-xMnxB2 is excellent agreement with the experimental results. It is observed that the increase in doping concentration of MN causes all the superconducting parameters to decrease. This suggests decrease in superconducting behavior of MgB2 due to effect of magnetic impurity MN.

Acoustoelectric Effect In Solid State Materials and Devices

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Awadhesh Prasad | 

Abstract

Acoustoelectric effect is the appearance of a dc electric current, when an acoustic wave passes through a conducting medium. This paper reviews the study of Ultrasonic stress on the semiconductor materials and devices used in various scientific and other measurements. A historical review of earlier findings is also reported with special reference to associated mechanisms. Ultrasonic stress studies in solid state devices require further attention and the work done in this area is also discussed. Different kinds of the mechanism, interpretation responsible for the change in the characteristics of the solid state devices and materials have been discussed. Ultrasonic stress produces a pressure effect on a target object placed in the ultrasonic field. Ultrasonic wave may be regarded as a coherent beam of phonons, absorbed in front of the material. In terms of the charge carriers, an electron hole pair is created due to the Ultrasonic field.

An EOQ Model for Imperfect Items Deterioration and Time Dependent Rates

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Kundan Mishra | -

Abstract

In the presented article we have developed an economic order quantity model at infinite planning horizon. Deterioration is taken into consideration. Demand and production rates are assumed to be time dependent. Production process is not reliable hence a percent of produced items is defective. A mathematical formulation has been done to find the optimum value of order quantity and total average cost. A numerical example is also given to illustrate the theoretical results. Finally the sensitivity analysis is reported to find the effect of different parameters.

Analysis of Male and Female Consumers and Customer Experience Items in Retail Stores

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Pankaj Deshwal | 

Abstract

TheseThis study confirms how male and female differently evaluate the Items of the consumer experience in the retail store context. Researcher adopted convenient sampling technique for this study. Gender was considered as the demographic variable in this study. The output of one-way ANOVA test was used to show differences. All Items were taken from prior literature. The output shows there is only one Item that is recovery experience where male and female shows differences in their views. The results show that respondents responded their experience with a retail store as positive. All result of the Items is above 3.5 value that shows above average feedback.

Analytical study of patients with breast cancer reporting late to Regional Cancer Centre, Allahabad and its association with sociodemographic profile in Indian women

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Ravi KiranPothamsetty | Radha Rani Ghosh, Baby Paul Thaliath

Abstract

Breast cancer poses a major threat to public health attributing to the fact that for every two women newly diagnosed with breast cancer, one woman dies of it in India. To explore factors associated with delay in seeking referral for cancer treatment among breast cancer patients and evaluate the association between late presentation of the breast cancer and sociodemographic profile. This analytical study design has been conducted at RCC from January 2015 to January 2016.Total patients enrolled in the study was 376 women. Data were collected and recorded using a structured interview technique by the doctors. 31% (n=117) of were attributed to patient delay and system delay respectively. The most common reason of patient delay and system delay were usage of alternative medicines (33%) and delay in sanctioning money through government schemes (33%) respectively. Family history, educational background, economic status, occupation, religion, personal history of breast disease, stage grouping and pattern of presentation were significantly associated with late reporting to RCC (p < 0.05). Significant numbers of women with breast cancer in Allahabad experience reported late to RCC due to poor awareness and misconceptions of the disease. Interactive and comprehensive public health strategy should be implemented for annihilation of barriers.

Application of Nano Science in Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Suman Rani | 

Abstract

The fuel cell has high energy conversion efficiency and low pollutant emission. The amount of noble metal used in Direct Methanol Fuel cell (DMFC) can be decreased by the use of Platinum nanoparticle, graphene, single walled and multiwalled carbon nano tube. Thus performance of DMFC fuel cell can be increase by controlling the packing density of Pt. nano particle1. They can reduce the amount of Pt. needed. The following aspects are described in this paper: The method used to reduce the Platinum, improving the performance of fuel cell catalyst, the effect of carbon nanotube on fuel cell. We summarise the some of the result of previous studies and raise expectations for microscopic state study for the future research

Areca nut as a Potential Bio-adsorbent for Remediation of Chromium

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Ankitha R | Prakruthi S, S Sneha, Seema Tharannum

Abstract

Bioremediation is one of the leading sought after techniques for heavy metal removal and to prevent its contamination in the effluent discharge hence avoiding various toxicological effects. Heavy metals such as chromium have a number of applications such as leather tanning, organochemicals, fertilizers etc. Once chromium is introduced into the environment, it exists in two different oxidation states, Cr (III) and Cr (VI). The trivalent form is relatively innocuous but hexavalent chromium is toxic, carcinogenic and mutagenic in nature, highly mobile in soil and aquatic system and is also a strong oxidant capable of being adsorbed by the skin. In our present study, areca nut husk powder of two different sieve sizes 250?m and 719?m were used in comparison with the same along with PES B (Bacillus amyloliquefaciens) at 37C to form a biofilm. Various concentrations of chromium i.e., 0, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250 ppm were treated with the adsorbent components. The amount of chromium from the sample was estimated using DPC method. It was found to reduce chromium to >50% in case of adsorbent with biofilm and up to 50% in case of adsorbent without biofilm for 50 ppm concentration showing maximum capacity. Hence, adsorbent with biofilm has a greater potential compared to adsorbent without biofilm for Cr (VI) bioremediation from polluted effluents.

Artificial Intelligence in Business

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Sachin Sreekumar | Rahul Gopalakrishnan Nair

Abstract

Artificial Intelligence (A.I) is a term that is gaining popularity in nowadays. In recent years many companies have developed as well as implemented so many artificial systems such as business intelligence, expert systems, voice-recognition systems, natural language processing systems etc. But majority of the organization as well as managers are not properly aware about this potential concept.AI is something that give a system the ability to think itself as well as to make decisions which give every organizations a competitive edge. But the lack of awareness or the fear to adapt to changes make may organizations against these new emerging concepts. The aim of this paper is to determine whether AI had noteworthy impact on business as well as to discover which types of AI methods are used today, and what they are capable of doing.

Assess the Effect of Body Mind Therapies on the Level of Perceived Stress, Anxiety and Depression Among Substance Users

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Mrs. Sundari S Apte | Dr Rakesh Ghildiyal,Dr Mrs. Mary Mathews ,Dr Mrs Tapati Bhattacharjee

Abstract

Humans have used drugs of one sort or another for thousands of years. But their use was limited to certain occasions. In todays world there is a sharp increase in the substance use from adolescent to old age and there is a rise in the use of them even in fairer sex. A research was conducted to see the effect of body mind therapies on the level of anxiety, depression and perceived stress. Method: A quantitative, quasi experimental study was conducted on 45 subjects who were admitted in the de-addiction canters and met the sampling criteria. The tool consisted of four Section-Ia. Socio demographic data, Ib. substance use data, II. anxiety tool by Beck III. depression tool by Beck and IV. perceived stress questionnaire by Cohens. The interventions consisted of Guided Imagery based on 12 steps of Alcoholic Anonymous and Self realization based on Sahaja Yoga Meditation. These interventions were given to the group for 3months on regular basis after which they have to practice on their own by using the information booklet and CDResults: It was seen thatthere is change in the level of perceived stress, anxiety and depression after the intervention after t 3months interval of intervention with the p value 0.000 in all the groups including control. The control groups Wilcox on value was lesser than the intervention group

Attenuation and its Effect on Measurement of Ultrasonic Radiation Pressure

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Awadhesh Prasad | -

Abstract

Attenuation is defined as the decrease in power level at the load caused by inserting a device between a source and load. Effect of Ultrasonic stress has been studied in the solid state devices and its output is observed for discussions. Effect of attenuation in the measurement of Ultrasonic Radiation Pressure has been discussed analytically.

Automatic Flooring Machine

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th July 2017

Ms. Snehal Kshirsagar | Prof. M.N. Annadate

Abstract

Music conduct by a group requires a conductor to play the music. These conductors perform various music patterns in front of band and depend on this pattern band play the music. The pattern or gesture perform by the conductor are require to be more precise and accurate to play the correct musical node. Because of this a conductor has to practice more and more to draw correct pattern. There is always requiring a teacher or a senior music moderator to judge wrong and right pattern drawn by beginner conductor. It is not always possible to observe each and every student whether they drawn correct or wrong pattern. To overcome this problem we proposed a new technique called Dynamic Time Warping for musical pattern detection. We have implemented this concept on basic three pattern detection. In this method we have used a camera to detect the hand movement and then apply DTW algorithm to detect the correct pattern drawn by the beginner conductor.

“Entrepreneurship Development in India: Challenges and Opportunities”

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Prof. Reshma R. Pais | Dr. Shivani O. Katakwar

Abstract

Entrepreneurship is vital for economic growth and employment in all societies of the developing countries. In developing country like India, where successful small businesses are the primary engines of job creation and poverty reduction, Entrepreneurship plays an important role. Entrepreneurship has great importance in various economic systems and it prevails in all economic systems in one form or the other. ENTREPRENEURSHIP is the key word to Innovation, Creativity and Motivation. An entrepreneur is a rare person who can visualize and materialize water in the dessert. This paper provides an overview of entrepreneurship development, entrepreneurial qualities, opportunities and challenges faced by an entrepreneur.

Bioaccumulation of heavy metals and oxidative stress in Mugil cephalusin Adyar estuary

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 30th August 2017

Sophia.S | Dr.M.C.John Milton

Abstract

Heavy metals in the marine environment are of considerable interest because they remain in the organism and may accumulate and magnify in body tissue. The presence of toxic metals in food chain accumulates in the body tissue of aquatic organisms. Fish is a major component of the aquatic habitat and serve as bio-indicator of heavy metals levels in its habitat. Mugilcephalushas been recognized as a good bio-accumulator of organic and inorganic pollutants. The accumulations of Arsenic (As), Lead (Pb) and Mercury (Hg) in Mugilcephalus from adyar estuary located in chennai, Tamilnadu state, India were estimated. The results revealed that the Pb and Hg concentration was higher during pre-monsoon season and As was higher during monsoon season. The order of accumulation is Pb>As>Hg. Oxidative stress is a common pathway of toxicity and Mugilcephalus posses the well developed antioxidant defense systems for neutralizing the toxic effects of Reactive oxygen species. The estimation of anti oxidant activity shows seasonal variation in SOD, CAT, GST and GSH.

Brand Awareness

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Shalom Paul | Jeresh Joseph

Abstract

Companies spend hundreds of millions of dollars annually on advertising to build and maintain awareness for their brands in competitive markets. However, awareness formation models in the marketing literature ignore the role of competition. Brand awareness is a much neglected construct and deserves considerably more attention due to its central importance in brand choice. From an empirical point of view, numerous researchers have shown that brand awareness measures are powerful predictors of consumer choice behaviour. This paper reports explores how brands come to mind in a variety of choice situations. A subsequent quantitative study shows that associates identified in the qualitative research act as cues, and that brand awareness varies significantly depending on the cues that are salient. The paper tries to reveal, on one hand, the importance of unaided brand awareness when it comes to consumers buying decision and, on the other hand, the importance of aided brand awareness when assessing the perceived risk associated with the purchase. The analysis is conducted in a comparative manner, considering the case of durable versus non-durable products, and with focus on urban Romanian consumers.

Calculation of the Temperature Distribution and Thermal Deflection in a Thin Clamped Circular Plate

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Nitin Chandel | Pallavi Zungare,Sapana P. Dubey

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the determination of unknown temperature, temperature distribution, and thermal deflection on upper plane surface of a thin clamped circular plate occupying the space D: 0  r  a, 0  z  h by applying finite Hankel transform and Laplace transform technique

Calculation of the Temperature Distribution and Thermal Deflection in aThin Clamped Circular Plate

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Nitin Chandel | Pallavi Zungare

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the determination of unknown temperature, temperature distribution, and thermal Hankel transform and Laplace transform techniques.

Cariogenic strains isolated and identified from dental plaque biofilm of caries active and caries free subjects

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th October 2017

Richa Sharma | Shailja Singh

Abstract

Total 500 sample of caries active and caries free mouth collected from dental unit and analysed for isolation of pathogenic strains. Isolates showed variation in their pattern of percentage recovery according to disease diagnose in each subject. 450 sample considered to be positive for complex communities of colonizing and acid producing bacteria. The sub gingival, supragingival, and different multiple site were selected to collect plaque sample of particular oral disease diagnosed in pateint. Streptococcus mutans bacteria was achieved higher in percentage of total positive cultures from plaque sample as compare to other streptoccoi group bacteria. The pattern of distribution of streptococci varied in different oral disease. Significant difference in pathogenic strain pattern recovered from male, Female and Children subject. Enterococci recovered more in female as compared to male subjects.

Combustion and Propulsion Characteristics of Composite Solid Propellants under Elevated Conditions

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th October 2017

Pallavi Gajjar | Vinayak Malhotra

Abstract

Research efforts in Composite solid propellants are mostly carried out at standard operating static conditions and hence majority of the studies have taken place by considering lower values of supersonic area ratio and chamber pressure. The work addresses evaluation of the combustion and propulsion characteristics under elevated conditions. Composite solid propellant [AP/HTPB/Al] is selected and systematic parametric studies are carried out using NASA-CEA. The simulations were carried out for elevated chamber pressure, supersonic area ratio conditions along with varying fuel concentration and O/F ratio. The performance was analyzed in terms of change in specific impulse and characteristic velocity. The study comprises of investigating the optimized composition criterion under varying conditions. The simulation predictions were duly verified and validated with the benchmark experimental and theoretical works. The results were compared with the preceding static testing of the composite propellant under normal conditions. Results show that high values of controlling parameters and high energy materials do affect the composite propellant performance. Based on the results, an effort is made to reason out the trends obtained under elevated operating conditions for the necessary effects. Additionally, useful information regarding the inclinations of energetic materials under elevated conditions is explicated.

Comparing feasibility of long distance transmission and locally generated solar energy over a period of 25 years in remote locations of the Indian Himalayan Region

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th September 2017

Saakshi Chauhan | Subrat Sharma

Abstract

It has been widely observed, especially in the Indian scenario, that development projects (road construction, energy infrastructure, etc.) which require large investment are usually implemented without considering alternate scenarios/solutions while other technologies/mechanisms are available. This study incorporates the use of Cost Benefit Analysis in order to ascertain the importance of determining the feasibility and efficiency of an energy project in a remote location of the Himalayas. The focus is upon electrification of remote villages which are located in challenging environments and difficult mountain terrain. The village Khati (Bageshwar district, Uttarakhand, India) is 20 kilometres far from the electricity distribution sub-station (village Karmi) and inaccessible by road, till date, and is located above 2210amsl. Net benefits from utilization of transmitted energy from sub-station was compared with a hypothetical situation of net benefits generated from utilization of same amount of energy being supplied from a solar power plant located in the village. The net benefit for the two scenarios has been calculated for a period of 25 years with the help of Net Present Value method. Benefits were much greater (more than Rs 2300 thousand) while having a decentralized local solar plant than the regular supply of transmission from centralized electricity grid. This study demonstrates the importance of feasibility analysis in such alternate scenarios especially in executing developmental projects in remote locations having difficult terrain and unstable climatic and environmental conditions.

Computational Docking Studies on Anti- Apoptosis Protein Inhibitors As A Novel Target on Cancer

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Wagh Jyoti Gorakh | Abhilasha Mithal

Abstract

Cancer being one of the most common types of disease affecting large number of population in the present day life, various drug molecules was developed against cancer where the cancer cells are being resistant to the drug molecules. Inhibition of apoptosis pathway is one of the leading causes of cancer, where there is uncontrolled growth of cells leading to the formation of tumors. C-FLIP is one of such protein which inhibits the apoptosis process, which can be considered as drug target by inhibiting the c-FLIP activity there will be increase in the apoptosis process which would be of potential use. In our present study we modeled c-FLIP protein contains death effector Domains (DED’s) and have taken some of natural and synthetic inhibitors that inhibit c-FLIP protein and studied the interaction studies of these ligand molecules with the protein. Among the taken 37 ligands 12 ligands were interacting with the c-FLIP protein. Among the synthetic compounds Droxinostat and in natural compounds Chyrasin are showing highest dock scores of 44.169 and 19.758. These studies could of potential use in generating new drug molecules by creating analogues with the highest interacting molecules

Consumer Behavior

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Cherian Abraham | Jyakrishnan

Abstract

Consumer behavior involves the psychological processes that consumers go through in recognizing needs, finding ways to solve these needs, making purchase decisions (e.g., whether or not to purchase a product and, if so, which brand and where), interpret information, make plans, and implement these plans. Consumers often buy products not because of their attributes per se but rather because of the ultimate benefits that these attributes provide, in turn leading to the satisfaction of ultimate values. The important thing in a means-end chain is to start with an attribute, a concrete characteristic of the product, and then logically progress to a series of consequences (which tend to become progressively more abstract) that end with a value being satisfied. A market comes into existence because it fulfills the needs of the consumer. Consumer behavior is a complex, dynamic, multidimensional process, and all marketing decisions are based on assumptions about consumer behavior. Models of consumer behavior play a key role in modern empirical Industrial Organization

Convolutional Neural Network for Detection and Identification of Interstitial Lung Diseases

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Bondfale Namrata | Asst Prof. Banait Shweta

Abstract

Automated tissue characterization is standout amongst the most essential parts of computer aided diagnosis (CAD) system for interstitial lung diseases (ILDs).Deep learning strategies provides impressive results in variety of computer vision problems such as medicinal picture investigation. In this paper, we plan and evaluate a convolutional neural network (CNN) for the classification of ILD patterns. The proposed system comprises of 5 convolutional layers, trailed by two fully connected layers. The last thick layer has different outputs, equivalent to the classes like ground glass opacity (GGO), micronodules, consolidation, reticulation, honeycombing etc. Future work incorporates extending CNN to three-dimensional data (information) gave by CT volume scans and integrating the proposed method into CAD framework that intends differential diagnosis for ILDs as a strong device for radiologists.

CRYOGENIC

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Mrs.Kirti Bhushan Zare | 

Abstract

The term cryogenics is used to describe methods of refrigeration at very low temperatures (typically below 125 K), and distinguish them from ordinary refrigeration cycles. Many of these methods relate to the liquefaction of gases known as permanent, like air, natural gas, hydrogen or helium. Cryogenic liquid is used to directly or indirectly cool solid or liquid contaminants adhering to apparatus surfaces to effect a change in the physical characteristics of the contaminants and thereby render them more susceptible to removal operations. The challenges facing machining industries today are high metal removal rate and better product quality. Grinding is vital to many Manufacturing processes as it generates finer surfaces and closer dimensional tolerances. Cryogenics or deep freezing have been around for quite some time. There is documented research from as far back as the 1930s where German companies used it on components of jumbo aircraft engines. The austenite is unstable at this temperature and the whole structure become martensitic. This is the region to use cryogenic treatment. Processing is not a substitute for heat treating if the product is properly treated or if the product is over heated during remanufacturing or if it is over stressed during use. Cryogenic processing will not in itself harden metal like quenching and tempering, it is an additional treatment to heattreating.

Current Situation of Food Adulteration: Laws, policy and governance in India and remedies to the problems

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th July 2017

F. L. Pathan | M.S.Pawara

Abstract

India has modernized its food laws system from multilevel, multidepartment to the single, strong food law system. It is in 2006 by the establishment of FSSA 2006. Keeping in view the present food adulteration in India the task force had been set up to recommend changes in the Food Safety and Standards Act. The poor implementation of the existing Food Safety and Standards Act was also a problem, especially in state governments. Testing and analytical capacity among India’s official food safety monitoring units is inadequate to manage a supply system that feeds nearly 1.3 billion people. Effective appropriation of resources to regulatory units, institutional strengthening and capacity building, tighter strategic and operational coordination among agencies, involvement of students in the fight against adulteration by adding the adulteration types and simple measures to find it out in their syllabus. Using student power to train adulterants about the ill effects of it and making them part of vigilance with total confidentiality to uproot the adulteration and problem associated with it from India.

Deep Learning for Medical Diagnosis

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd September 2017

Madhulika G. | Ramya A.R.L, Jyosna R

Abstract

Deep Learning is a sub-area of Machine Learning, which deals with the recognition, processing, interpretation and classification of images, text, speech, etc. Disease identification and diagnosis of ailments is at the forefront of ML research in medicine. It is especially interesting for the medical field, which conducts the analysis and diagnostics based mainly on images. A wide variety of technologies and tools are involved in the diagnostic process like the Health IT. Health IT plays key roles in various aspects of the diagnostic process: capturing information about a patient that informs the diagnostic process, including the clinical history and interview, physical exam, and diagnostic testing results; shaping a clinician’s workflow and decision making in the diagnostic process; and facilitating information exchange. This iterative, time-consuming process is costly as it causes threat to many people’s lives. Deep Learning aims at delivering faster, accurate medical diagnostic services for patients. The potential of this technique not only assists in medical decisions and the accuracy of the diagnosis, but also assists the medical specialist to suggest treatment measures to improve speed and performance.

Design And Analysis of Quick Change Over for Starter Performance Test Bench

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th July 2017

Dr. M. Gunamani Singh | 

Abstract

This paper presents the results from a qualitative research study that explores the experiences of high school teachers with some of teaching techniques and approaches in critical pedagogy.The study considers teachers who may not have explicitly learned about or applied critical pedagogy in teaching. It investigates how feasible and desirable they find the techniques and approaches in critical pedagogy to be based on their teaching experiences these teachers work in school with largely upper – middle class students, so the issue of applying critical pedagogy with affluent students adds a dimension of interest to this study.It was generally expected that school teachers would be implementing several teachingapproaches relating to critical pedagogy prescribed in NCF-2005 but these pedagogieswere found only partially implementedby them at Elementary stage in Manipur. Probably this could be one of the main reasons that the problem of low achievement in English persisted in some schools and English language learners did not attain the proficiency of languageskills required at the end of the Elementary stage in Manipur. Therefore, there isneed to address this issue because it may not help future careers of the children. After the identification of this problem, ten schools (5 Private English medium schools and 5 Government schools) were selected for our study. Among these 5 Private schools, 2 of them were convent schools. Of the 5 Government schools, one is a model school where relatively more facility has been created by the Government. In order to carry out the investigation, questionnaires were administered to the teachers of English, who are working in these ten schools and their responses were analyzed. In addition, the Heads/Principals were also consulted by the investigator in relation to teaching/learning process, evaluation systems and their administration. We found some

Design of L Block Lightweight Block Cipher IP Core

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Aljazeera.K.R | Nandakumar.R,Ershad.S.B

Abstract

Existing cryptographic algorithms were designed to meet the needs of the desktop computing era and thus require significant resources to implement. Now a days most of the devices available in the market are resource constrained. Here lightweight cryptography plays a pivotal role. It lends itself to implementation as a block cipher providing a scalable, pipelined architecture. Most importantly, lightweight block ciphers can be implemented with low latency making them ideal for applications in which deterministic performance is required. In this project a detailed study of L Block block cipher is done which is a lightweight cipher in both hardware and 8-bit platforms and an IP core is developed after its implementation. The block size of L Block is 64-bit and the key size is 80-bit and it can achieve competitive hardware and software performances when compared with other known lightweight block ciphers. . L Block cipher is implemented on Xilinx Spartan-6 FPGA (XC6LX16-CS324) and its performance metrics were obtained. It can serve as a benchmark for the hardware design engineers to model devices that utilizes lightweight characteristics.

Design of Photo Catalyst Induced Solar Photo Electrolysis Cell using Titanium Oxide as Catalyst and Zinc/Copper as Electrode

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Diptanu Dey | Sanjib Das ,Bharath Kumar Boyanapalli,Solanki Das

Abstract

Because of lower efficiency of solar photovoltaic cells, alternative means to harvest electric power from sunlight need to be explored. The idea is to use a photo catalyst to split water molecules into protons and hydroxyl ions and effectively separating the charges to produce usable electric power. A nafion membrane is used to separate the photons from the electrolyte. A zinc mesh is used to collect the protons effectively while copper plate situated outside the zinc mesh collects remaining electrons in the electrolyte. The protons generated are used to create a potential difference across the Copper(+) and Zinc(-) electrodes. Fine carbon particles are suspended within the electrolyte. Being effective black body, the carbon particles absorb maximum sunlight and transmit it to the electrolyte, thus improving the light absorption. To maintain constant supply of electrolyte, i.e., water, in the cell, it is fed by a water source separated by a RO membrane. Such a concept can also be used to harness solar energy when installed in bay area that have high amounts of incident Solar Irradiance, thus facilitating mass scale production of Solar Power and act as a major contributor in the overall electricity generation. Such a bay of cells provides high efficiency with negligible maintenance and low installation cost. It also has a very low requirement of surface availability, thus improving the effectiveness of the device. This project will be highly applicable in the Asian countries, especially the coastal areas.

Detection of Hard Exudates, Soft Exudates, Red Spots and Hemorrhages

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

S.Saranya devi | P.Anuja,Bhagyalakshmi.K.M, Jinchu.J

Abstract

The most complex system in human body is eye. Nowadays there is increase in vision loss patients mainly due to retinal diseases. Some diseases cannot be identified early unless it affects the vision as it has no symptoms. But it can be identified by some clinical signs in the retina which cannot be viewed through naked eye but through fundus photography. Traditionally, retinal diseases are diagnosed by manual observations of fundus images and it is a time consuming process. So an automatic algorithm is need to be develop to detect and classify various clinical signs. Some of the clinical signs of retinal diseases are hard exudates, soft exudates, red spots and haemorrhage. We used MATLAB software to develop an algorithm. Various techniques have been proposed to detect these signs but the efficiency is less and there is a chance of mismatching. Hence we proposed a new technique known as skin locus model which is used only for face detection till now. In this technique pixels between the images are compared and based on certain threshold the various clinical signs are detected ad classified. We used DRIVE database, an open source database images, which has been acquired from the fundus photography. Our proposed algorithm reduces man power, time consumption and also help the retinal diseased patients by preventing or delaying the vision loss. It also avoid mismatching of clinical signs.

Detection of Toxin Genes in E. Coliisolate PE74 by PCR analysis

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th September 2017

Mary Conice | Usha M.S.

Abstract

E.coliisolatepe74 culture which showed positive for cytotoxic effect was selected for PCR analysis. On genomic DNA isolation, isolate pe74 showed prominent band on agarose gel electrophoresis. Isolatepe74 was analyzed for the presence of stx, stx2f, stx2, stx2c, stx2e, eaeA, stx2dandhlyA using different primers. On PCR amplification isolate pe74 showed no amplified product for Stx1 however only primer dimmers were observed in sample. PCR analysis of isolate pe74 showed positive to stx2f with a band close to 150 bp and a band between 100 and 200 bp for stx2c.

Development Induced Displacement: Impact on Women of Odisha

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Prithvi Mohanty | 

Abstract

The model of development underwent a metamorphosis and became a techno-managerial model with exclusive emphasis on growth. The concerns of justice have almost come to be abandoned with the inauguration of the new economic reform in the name of structural adjustments. Industrial revolution caused innumerable dramatic changes in the whole range of social arrangements from the nature of the State to the processes and purpose of the governance. It was in the wake of these changes that the state acquired relative autonomy involving totally new forms of legitimization [Amaratya Sen, 1999; 44 ]. The shift in the role of the State from an interventionist to that of a regulatory mechanism or even when act as a profitable institution calls for deeper attention. Is evil outweighed by the larger good arising from development projects? Why displacement? For whom? Who decides the public purpose, the propriety of displacement? Whether the evaluation of resources of the affected people, which includes their social, cultural and other aspects of life, could re-compensate them adequately? Since displacement is a traumatic experience for every one undergoing it, how does it affect women differently? What are the social constraints that prohibit women from taking appropriate advantage of any development projects? What are the root causes of these constraints? These are some of the vital questions to be answered in this research project and the status of women is also closely linked to this general debate, as all these aspects have radically altered the discourse regarding displacement and resettlement into an issue of development.

Development of Analytical Framework on Optimization of Construction Equipment for Multiple Infrastructure Projects

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Mr. Amit Shriwas | Dr. Sudhir Nigam

Abstract

Indias gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 7.6 per cent in the year 2015-16, has made India the fastest growing economy in the world. Considering the importance of Infrastructure growth, a critical factor for the continued economic growth of the country, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highway - Government of India has proposed Rs 25 trillion investment in infrastructure for the next three years (2017-2020) duration imparting major share for developing 27 industrial clusters and for road, railway and port connectivity projects. Construction equipment plays vital role for development of Infrastructure. Construction equipments operational cost contributes 36 percent of the total project cost. Hence effective equipment management plays important role in infrastructure project management resulting into the substantial cost saving. In this research paper we have analyzed two infrastructure (highway development) projects comprising construction of bridges, reinforced earthen wall, culvert and vehicular underpasses. Critical path method is applied for the time and activities scheduling along with construction equipment allocation for both the project. During study float availability is identified as main influencing factor and the same is analyzed to optimize the construction equipment in infrastructure project.

Development of Disposable Activated Bombyx Mori Silk Fabric Biostrips for Pasteurization Test of Milk

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Kirti Rani | 

Abstract

Pasteurization of Milk and milk products are essential because non-pasteurized milk has alkaline phosphatases (ALP) which cause intra-abdominal bacterial infections after drinking. Therefore, milk industries test the milk after pasteurization using various chemical methods including boiling. Here, objective of this work is to detect the presence of alkaline phosphatase in the pasteurized milk by using disposable dry-reagent biostips of sodium nitrate treated/ sodium chloride treated activated Bombyx mori silk fabric which are prepared by immobilization of bromocresol green and p-nitophenol phosphate which gave the instant color change from light blue to green if sample is not pasteurized and test is called positive (ALP +ve). This test was observed to carry out any ambient temperature conditions and prepared activated silk strips can be stored up to 7-8 months in non-humid conditions which might be considered cost effective and rapid biosensor employed for the qualitative estimation of alkaline phoshatase in the milk samples or milk products.

Development of Mahogany Leaf (Swietenia macrophylla) as Source of Green Battery to Help Rehabilitation in Bukit Suligi Educational Forest

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 7th September 2017

Mahtuf Ikhsan | 

Abstract

Nowdays, major problem faced by Bukit Suligi Educational Forest is deforestation in which around 70 % FTC (Forest Training Facility) has been burned, and palm oil is illegally planted surrounding the area. From burned area, rehabilitation is the real choice to preserve Bukit Suligi Educational Forest. According to the problem, a study needs to be done to prove that there are trees in the forest that can produce an alternative energy for the community. This is what will change the perception of people who think the value of forest is lower than palm oil plantation. Utilization of mahogany leaf (Swietenia macrophylla) as one of alternative sources that can generate electricity based on the characteristics of mahogany leaf produces a bitter taste in the tongue entirely. This research is done by getting mahogany leaf in Bukit Suligi Educational Forest and making green battery model from mahogany leaf extract in Forestry Vocational School of Pekanbaru. Based on the results, 720 ml green battery model can generate electricity of 3,87 volts. Therefore, mahogany leaf extract is potential for a new alternative electrical energy. From this research, it can be expected that community around the forest will take an initiative to restore degraded forests with mahogany plant.

DFT studies on Vibrational, NLO, Thermal and Energy Gap studies of 4-(3-clorophenyl)-2-phenyl- 1, 3-thiazole (Cl-PPT)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd July 2017

V. Vasantha Kumar | J. Laxmikanth Rao

Abstract

DFT studies have been carried out on CL-PPT using DFT-B3LYP/6-311+G level of the theory. The structural parameters of the title molecule, like bond length, bond angle and dihedral angles have been calculated and compared with available experimental data. The FTIR wave numbers are calculated using above mentioned method and compared with the experimental IR wave numbers. Nonlinear optical properties and thermal properties have been calculated using the same methodology. The frontier molecular orbital studies have been carried out to explain the charge transfer in title molecule. From this analysis, it can be seen that the vibrational frequencies obtained from B3LYP method are in good agreement with the experiment

Domestic Labour Rights Belongs to Her if Domestic Labour Belongs to Her-Kind: a Situational Analysis of the Domestic Workers in West Bengal

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Ms . Ayshi Banerjee | Mr Subrata Kar

Abstract

Domestic Labour in India has not been recognised as a form of work and has neither been considered under Labour laws. The work involving care in the private sphere of home has been feminized . Thus female domestic workers face an array of problems due to non-recognition as labour.The Paper expounds on the situation of domestic workers and their condition of work in West Bengal and thus suggests why we need National and not state wise legislations for the welfare of domestic workers and that India needs to urgently ratify the 189th Convention of ILO.

Dynamic Time Warping Music Pattern Detection

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Ms. Snehal Kshirsagar | Prof. M.N. Annadate

Abstract

Music conduct by a group requires a conductor to play the music. These conductors perform various music patterns in front of band and depend on this pattern band play the music. The pattern or gesture perform by the conductor are require to be more precise and accurate to play the correct musical node. Because of this a conductor has to practice more and more to draw correct pattern. There is always requiring a teacher or a senior music moderator to judge wrong and right pattern drawn by beginner conductor. It is not always possible to observe each and every student whether they drawn correct or wrong pattern. To overcome this problem we proposed a new technique called Dynamic Time Warping for musical pattern detection. We have implemented this concept on basic three pattern detection. In this method we have used a camera to detect the hand movement and then apply DTW algorithm to detect the correct pattern drawn by the beginner conductor.

Dynamics of Ideation, Creativity and Innovation For Entrepreneurship -- A Case Study of A Multinational Company

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd September 2017

Dr K.Sunanda | G. Sreedhar Kanth

Abstract

Ideation is the hub of innovation. In this century , the context of business has changed considerably because of globalization, Privatization, and liberalization. Business has become a global village with immense diversity of all nature. This has made ideation process very culture-bound locally , but with extensive global connectivity. Ideation and creativity are the germinating activities for any innovation system. Innovations are rapid and as fast as they change the corporate landscape. Ideation can be defined as the thought process involved in apprehending and expressing a new concept. Creativity on the other hand , is the outcome of the cognitive process of ideation undertaken by individuals and organizations. This paper explains ideation, creativity and innovation methods and process with different models. It helps to understand ideation and creativity process with the case studies of some of the multinational companies. This gives the entrepreneurs to understand the process and develop their business.

E-Governance in India: Opportunities and Challenges

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Ramdev.K.S | Sreesha.P

Abstract

Recognizing the increasing importance of Information and Communication technology (ICT), the Government of India established the department of IT. E-governance is introduced to focus on information and communication. It will help to manage the government structure and to achieve the rapid economic growth and improved quality of life. The different technologies and methods used in e-governance will helps to give a better idea for efficient delivery of services. A countries growth can be determined by the efficiency of e-governance. An economy is giving more importance for e-governance because it provide transparency to the government activities, saving of time due to provision of services through single window; reduction in corruption, convenience and empowerment. This research paper focuses on the usefulness of e-governance for the government businesses and citizen of India. Every project will have its own benefits and this research will find the different sectors enjoying the benefits of e-governance and presenting the list of E-Governance projects which is currently being used in India.

Effect of Poor Pavememnt Condition on Students Academic Activities

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Tiza Michael | Anand Kumar,Avinash Kumar Patel

Abstract

This research aims to point out how academic activities of students are affected as a result of poor pavement condition, it seeks to understand how their daily academic activities are influenced by poor road network, their semester and overall academic performance was investigated. The method employed was through development of questionnaires and distributing among University undergraduates who usually travel on a very poor road condition to and fro University for their academic activities. The result shows that the specific academic performance of students due to poor road condition is significantly affected and the general academic activities of students is affected by poor pavement condition

Effect of Ultrasonic stress in Semiconductor Materials and Devices

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Awadhesh Prasad | 

Abstract

Effect of Ultrasonic Stress in solid state devices and materials have been discussed with the help of electromagnetic wave theory. Ultrasonic stress (radiation pressure) changes the characteristics of solid state devices and materials. Analytical treatment of changed characteristics of solid state devices and materials have been discussed.

Effects of Native Film on Lithium for Interfacial Reactions between Lithium Metal and an Electrolyte Solution

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Mun-Hui Jo | Jihoon Kang, Soon-Ki Jeong

Abstract

This study examines the morphological changes for a lithium surface immersed in 1 mol dm3 LiPF6 dissolved in propylene carbonate containing 1,2-dimethoxyethane as a co-solvent. A passivation film was formed on the surface of the lithium metal by electrolyte decomposition. Atomic force microscopy and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy results revealed that there were no direct correlations between the changes in the surface morphology of the lithium metal, and the resistance behavior of its passivation film.

Effects of Radiation on MHD Flow Past an Impulsively Started

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th October 2017

B. Prabhakar Reddy | Jefta Sunzu

Abstract

In this paper, we have investigated the effects of radiation on unsteady magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) fluid flow past an impulsively started infinite isothermal vertical plate taking into account viscous dissipation. The fluid is considered a gray, absorbing-emitting radiation but non-scattering medium. The dimensionless boundary layer equations of the flow are solved subject to boundary conditions using the Ritz FEM. The obtained numerical results for velocity and skin-friction are presented through the graphs and tables. It has been found that an increase in the radiation parameter decreases the fluid velocity and with increasing Eckert number and Grashof number increases the fluid velocity. The skin-friction increases with increase in the radiation parameter and decreases with increase in the Grashof number and time parameter.

Electric Power : Conservation and Generation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Garima Goswami | Jaivardhan Singh Shekhawat,Himanshu Tiwari,Hitesh Tak Himanshu Sharma

Abstract

World over one basic predicamentis power generation and power conservation is next important concern. Alternate renewable energy sources are continuously explored by scientists. In the recent past, thousands of builders and professionals have been incorporating an increasing number of technologies on building and within the interiors of new and existing structures. In this paper a system or technique is proposed to work on the air cooling system in huge buildings, which is not only helping to drop down its temperature but also bestowed upon electricity generation. This is not all; this system also helps in controlling the release of greenhouse gases in environment, thus doing a significant job for mankind survival on this globe.

Electro spun PLGA-PVA nano fibrous scaffolds: promising carriers for Curcumin

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th September 2017

Jhansi Lakshmi |  Parimi, S,Sundar Manoharan, Pravin walke

Abstract

Curcumin is a naturally occurring gist with innate antimicrobial and wound healing properties. Owing to its manifold mechanism of actions, curcumin is apt at the present time existing antibiotics to first-rate for unwilling bacteria. Curcumin’s pitiable aqueous solubility and speedy degradation contour hinder its usage; nano enabled drug delivery system over comes this snare and facilitates unmitigated topical deliverance of Curcumin. The current cram is paying attention on the development of PLGA-PVA nano fibers loaded with Curcumin (Cur) by electro spinning technique. PLGA and PVA were blended in the ratios of 75:25, 65:35 and 50:50 correspondingly, for the fabrication of scaffold. Curcumin was weighed down with the sample containing equal amounts of PLGA and PVA. Process optimization was carried out by standardizing the Viscosity, Molecular weight of the polymer, Voltage, temperature, tip-collector distance, Solution flow rate for fiber formation. The alteration in fiber dimension and morphology of the electro spun nano fibers was obtained by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM).In vitro release properties of the prepared scaffolds were observed by simulated fluid conditions of pH 7.4, 37°C incubation in rotary shaker incubator. The release profile from the drug loaded fibers showed varied release profiles with respect to their Lactidyl:Glycodyl ratio variations, which confirms the dissolution of the drug in the polymer fractions. On the whole, we hypothesize the suitable carrier material for Curcumin

Entrepreneurship Development in Indian Scenario

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th October 2017

Dr. Shivani Katakwar | 

Abstract

Entrepreneurship is vital for economic growth and employment in all societies of the developing countries. In developing country like India, where successful small businesses are the primary engines of job creation and poverty reduction, Entrepreneurship plays an important role. Entrepreneurship has great importance in various economic systems and it prevails in all economic systems in one form or the other. ENTREPRENEURSHIP is the key word to Innovation, Creativity and Motivation. An entrepreneur is a rare person who can visualize and materialize water in the dessert. This paper provides an overview of entrepreneurship development, entrepreneurial qualities, opportunities and challenges faced by an entrepreneur.

Environment –for The Servival of Human Paternity

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 17th July 2017

Prof. Manjunatha K N | Prof. Manjula S,Pavan Kumar M,Dhananjaya Reddy,Sandeep M

Abstract

In this paper we are discussing about the environment completely. Here our aim is better than later to know mistakes and correcting it. As we are in critical state to survive on earth. Also we will come to know how men utilizing the environment. The evils created by the human paternity in earth: pollution, increasing temperature, deforestation, chemicalizing both soil and water. Polluting air as well sunrays. We will discuss here about the effects of all this problems created by the human, like dangerously facing health problems, unbalancing environment, disappearing of many species, both in case of animals as well in plants and finally how earth has becoming place which will become unfit to live. Here we are not just identifying the problems or mistakes of human. Our main aim is to solve the problem making the environment friendly to human. For that men how they have to change themselves are going to discuss like non-utilization of plastic, proper utilization of natural resources, a forestation, stoppage of chemicals in agriculture, minimization pollution.

Eve Teasing: Safety Drives Crucial Element To Fight Back

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Priyanka Maravi | 

Abstract

Our society has grown by leaps and bounds; yet, a woman still struggles to protect her dignity, even in broad daylight. Eve teasing is a street level sexual harassment which includes unwelcome verbal, nonverbal and physically determined sexual behaviour by a man towards a woman. Actions like touching, rubbing, staring, pinching, making obscene gestures and remarks to a woman falls under the umbrella of eve teasing. Though it may seem as an innocent and harmless act, it often leaves the victim with fear, anxiety, shame and embarrassment questioning her own actions and her expressions of identity. In spite of the various measures taken to put an end to this heinous practice, it still continues to be witnessed in every nook and corner of our society. The current study conducted on 30 girls is an attempt to enquire whether the safety drives / campaigns by the government are an effective measure in fighting eve teasing from the society.

Existing & Novel Methods of Water Harvesting

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Preenon Bagchi | Ajit Kar

Abstract

Through ground water utilization has substantially enhanced domestic utility and crop productivity – due to widespread over exploitation, underground water level is going down day by day at an alarming rate in most parts of India especially in Karnataka & Tamil Nadu. Further, the two main sources of irrigation in India are cannels and groundwater – both sources are also facing extreme downward trend. To combat such alarming situation, the urgent need is to explore novel methods of water harvesting especially through rain water harvesting which has been highlighted in the present study.

Experimental Investigation of Performance Characteristics on a Single Cylinder C.I Engine Fuelled With Simarouba Glauca as Bio Diesel

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ghadge S.S | Manojkumar.N.U,Naik.K.S,Hiremath S.M,Hadagali.B.B

Abstract

In the recent years there has been a drastic increase in the automobile production all over the world as a result of increasing dependence on transportation mediums. Whatever might be the medium of transportation, it all needs energy and most of them depend on the petroleum products as fuels. Technically speaking Alternative fuel is nothing but any material other than fossil fuels, coal and its by-products or anything from earth crust that could be used as a fuel to power a vehicle. Bio-diesel can be extracted from different raw materials like vegetable oil, biomass, algae, milk scum etc. In which Simarouba glauca is one the promissing among them. This is being considered as they are cheap, renewable and are less polluting..

Financial Crisis Prediction using a Hybrid ANN Model

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ranjana Pagui | 

Abstract

Several economic crises have already been witnessed by the world in the past few decades. This study proposes a hybrid model combining Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and K Nearest Neighbour (KNN) models serially in predicting financial crisis. The analysis is done using dataset of the past 15 years comprising of 13 macroeconomic indicators of the country. The macroeconomic indicators are chosen based on their relevance to the economic conditions. The crucial macroeconomic indicators used in this study include consumer price index, export prices, import prices, terms of trade, foreign direct investment, government spending, producer prices, inflation rate, unemployment rate, GDP, money supply(m1), GDP/capita and industrial production. The prediction results obtained are compared separately with the results of ANN and KNN. Overall, the hybrid model possesses a higher prognostic ability and the likeliness of financial crisis in India during 2016 and 2017 is low.

Follicle Segmentation of Ultrasound Images by Enhancement and Sub-Image Classification

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

V. Anitha | M. Shameena Banu, S. Srilekha

Abstract

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a problem in which a womans hormones are out of balance. The cysts are not harmful but leads to hormone imbalances. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to control the symptoms and prevent long term problems. This paper presents a novel in three stage follicle detection and segmentation using Anistropic diffusion algorithm of Ultrasound images. This system has pre-processing, enhancement, morphological operations and follicle extraction. The proposed system performs a follicle region extraction, using Modified Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization [MCLAHE] transform algorithm and Weighted Median Filter Algorithm. The performance analysis is performed using confusion matrix. In this Result we focus mainly on MCLAHE based segmentation, this approach is analyzed by Confusion Matrix Performance. Our future work is package development and GUI development using MATLAB Package Tools.

Forecasting Performance of GARCH Family Models in the Indian Commodity Markets

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Veena Dixit | Jain Mathew

Abstract

The present paper examines the forecasting ability of the GARCH family models with reference to the Indian commodity markets. The study uses four futures indices of the Multi Commodity Exchange of India (MCX) which represent the commodities across sectors such as agriculture, energy and metals. MCX also maintains a composite index MCXCOMDEX that encompasses the other futures indices MCXAGRI, MCXENERGY and MCXMETAL The symmetric GARCH model and three asymmetric EGARCH, TARCH and PARCH variants have been used to test the forecasting efficiency of these models. The mixed results indicate that any single models claim to forecasting efficiency across the four indices is not justified.

Gentipicroside Elicitation in Shoot Cultures of Gentiana kurroo and Swertia chirayita with Molecular Authentication

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Payal Kotvi | Rhythem Sharma,Satyam Singh, Hemant Sood

Abstract

Gentiana kurroo and Swertia chirayita are critically endangered medicinal herbs which belong to the family Gentianance . They are widely distributed in areas of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttrakhand and grow between altitude ranges of 1500-3500 m. These two plants have served to be an important source of secondary metabolites i.e gentiopicroside, swertamarin ,amarogentin and maniferin which have high medicinal properties. In the present study an attempt has been made to elicit these phytochemicals by using varied concentration of elicitors like Methyl jasmonate (50-100 μM), Sodium nitroprusside (25-75 μM), Salicylic acid (25-50 μM) and Seaweed (1-3%) in Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium. These phytochemicals were quantified by HPLC and were also observed for their growth and development. The best results were acquired on Seaweed (2%) which gave 0.34% of gentiopicroside in Gentiana kurroo at an interval of 15 days. The other two best results were observed in Salicylic acid (50 μM) i.e 0.20% and Sodium nitropruside (50 μM) i.e 0.19% in Gentiana kurroo at an interval of 30 days. Elicited plants of Swertia chirayita have shown a lower concentration of gentiopicroside i.e 0.1%. The HPLC analysis of shoot cultures grown in MS supplemented with Sodium nitroprusside, Salicylic acid and seaweed elicited cultures revealed enhanced concentration of swertiamarin, amarogentin and manigiferin in Swertia chirayita. This study is the first to utilize Swertia chirayita as a source of gentiopicroside. Since these two plants have been exploited for their metabolites and very few efforts have been made to cultivate them. This study can serve a mean to acquire an enhanced amount of these metabolites to meet the demands of the pharmaceutical sectors. We have also checked the amplification of four genes from conserved pathways (MVA & non- MEP) encoding HMGR, PMK , ISPD and G10H just to authenticate the contribution of key genes for the medicinal compounds biosynthesis so that those could be used for genetic modification for improving the medicinal compounds production.

Green Enhancement in Cloud Computing Environments

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th September 2017

Dr.Vimaladevi K | Princy Rufina C, Vigneesh C.S

Abstract

The Cloud computing fundamentally used for business utilization now a days. It provides many advanced features, and has some shortcomings such as the relatively high operating cost for both public and private Clouds. The Green computing is the environmentally responsible and eco-friendly use of computers and their resources. And it is also becoming increasingly important in a world with limited energy resources and an ever rising demand for more computational power. In this paper cloud provides an efficient green enhancements within a scalable Cloud computing architecture. Using power-aware scheduling techniques, variable resource management, live migration, and a minimal virtual machine design, overall system efficiency will be improved in a data center. Energy savings is achieved by minimal performance overhead.

Human Reliability Analysis method-SPAR-H – A Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Miss. Sayli Rahul Bokil | Mr. Ravi Kant Gupta

Abstract

Human performance makes a considerable contribution to incidents and accidents in many industries. This human performance is estimated in terms of ‘Human Reliability’ which highly affects the maintenance activity performance, safety and cost efficiency of any production process. Improvement of Human Reliability relies on identification of human error causes and quantification of human error probability. The central thrust of this paper is to review the common Human Reliability Analysis technique – Standardized Plant Analysis Risk-Human reliability (SPAR-H). The paper also discusses the effectiveness of performance shaping factors (PSFs) influencing on the human performance with the consideration of its strength and limitations

Human Resources Information System - Its Benefits and Importance with Respect to Recruitment in Modern Corporate Scenario

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 20th September 2017

Angelin vilma.G | Subashree.S

Abstract

The Emerging trends in modern management have lead to higher use of technology in executing all its functions. Recruitment as a function is no exception to this. Information technology can be used as a weapon to enhance nearly every aspects of recruitment process. Use of Human resources information system in recruitment allows a company to rightly identify potential candidates for right job and it also attracts prospective employees to apply for the job, to attract a wide pool of candidates, to get needed information about after hire candidates (Employees) and their complete database for future use, HRIS also makes it easier for the company to know the exact cost spent on recruitment which helps in budgeting future recruitment cost. The paper will emphasize the benefits and importance of Human Resource Information system with respect to recruitment in corporate scenario

Hydrodynamic Cavitation, A promising Technique for Pre-Treatment of Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) Influent Wastewater

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ayush Ransingh | Dr. Anjali K Khambete

Abstract

In this work treatment of influent wastewater at Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) has been investigated using Hydrodynamic Cavitation (HC) using single hole orifice plate. Various methods like DAP (Di Ammonium phosphate), RO (Reverse Osmosis) has been widely investigated but HC arouses some promising outcomes hence is being investigated. The optimization of the treatment process by investigating the effect of parameters viz inlet pressure and residence time has been done by analyzing Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD). The effect of inlet pressure on cavitational yield has also been investigated. Further under optimized conditions of 5 kg/cm2 inlet pressure, reduction of COD and BOD has been analyzed. Under optimized condition COD reduces from 832 to 457 mg/L and BOD from 330 mg/L to 118 mg/L. This work is a rare report on treatment of CETP wastewater using HC.

Identifying an Ideal Bio-Indicator from Indian Freshwaters to Use in Automated Bio-Monitor

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Merin Mathew | Anju Theresa Antony,Sunny George,Ratish Menon,Almut Gerhardt

Abstract

The present study has been undertaken to identify the most ideal species that can be used as a bio-indicator in automated bio-monitors. Six different fish species were exposed in a 50% effluent from sewage treatment plant and in open well water (control) for 48 hours. Using an automated bio-monitor named "Multispecies Freshwater Bio-monitor " developed by Lim Co International, GmbH, Konstanz, Germany was used for continuous monitoring of the behaviour of fish species in both control and effluent. The six fish species used were Etroplus suratensis, Puntius denisonii, Xiphophorus maculatus, Poecilia reticulata and Oreochromis mossambicus. All the six species were in juvenile stage and almost same in size (2-3 cm). O. mossambicus and E. suratensis were identified as the ideal bio-indicators which gives an early warning (stress ventilation, avoidance behaviour followed by reduced movement activity) to the effluent from treatment units. All the other species were observed as more sensitive to effluent.

Imagery In The Poetry of Kamala Das

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Gazala Qadri | 

Abstract

In this paper light is thrown on the art of imagery by Kamala Das in her poetry. In general Imagery is a creation of the picture in terms of words. It serves the purpose of making experience of life vivid and life-like. Poets, who are incapable in this art of creating imagery, fail in their profession. In literature, imagery can be defined as “covering those uses of language [. . .] that evoke sense-impressions by literal or figurative reference to perceptible or „concrete‟ objects, scenes, actions, or states as distinct from the language of abstract argument or exposition” (Baldick 164). In poetry, imagery is the representation of mental pictures appealing to senses rather than sight; and it is the depiction of qualities through words and pictures. For poets, imagery is the primary vehicle utilizing to transport their readers to a new experience. They can draw their readers into a sensory experience by the use of imagery. Imagery sharpens the impact of the words by poets as they show us with their words rather than just telling us what they feel. Imagery in poetry can be defined as a name given to the elements that spark off the senses. Imagery is the literary device employed in poetry which provide message or theme to a poem. Imagery is used for the strong sensory words for creating clear mental picture for the readers which enables them to feel what the poet thinks and feels in composition. Kamala Das has employed abundant images and symbols in her poetry.Imagery of Kamala Das is succinct, sensory, metaphorical, and evocative. Imagery in her poetry includes more than six senses, sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell. Her artistic craftsmanship is revealed through her use of imagery and symbols.Kamala Das has borrowed images in her poetry from her daily life and mostly are symbolic. She has employed functional imagery rather than decorative.Ezra pound remarks: “An image is one which presents an intellectual and emotional complex in an instant of time” (qtd. in Singh 132).Kamala Das‟ ancestral home and her grandmother, plays an important role in the maximum images she has employed in poetry. In poem, “The Sea”, Kamala Das reminiscences her past through the imagery of sea. She remembers the fortunate time of her past and feels nostalgic in the present. The imagination or the usage of images has been outstanding in her poetry that fulfils the desire to understand the subject of sensuality. Every reader—critic or mere entertainer can comprehensively grasp her poetry through usage of poetic devices. Her attraction for it, she clarifies later, is „a childish whim, „a thing associated with her dreamy past: But, ….at the basement of the sea (The Descendants 34).

Impact of Advertisement on Sales and Marketing

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th September 2017

Poonam Kumari | 

Abstract

Many harmful and inflammable gases are produced in various industrial and domestic systems. The detection and measurement of these toxic gases has drawn much attention for the researchers worldwide due to their bad effects on human health. The present study demonstrates the important parameters to fabricate the metal-oxide semiconductors gas sensors using various deposition methods. This study figures out the change in value of sensitivity and stability of metal-oxides gas sensor towards target gas and dopant. Our study also depicts a novel method to fabricate a cost effective gas sensor operated at room temperature.

Impact of Demographic Variables on Work-Life Balance of Police Personnel: With Reference To Jalgaon Police Department

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th September 2017

Mr. Vivek Vikas Yawalkar | Prof. Dr. Madhulika A. Sonawane

Abstract

The objectives of the study is to investigate the relationship of demographic variables with work-life balance of selected police personnel from Jalgaon district police department. It is essential for police personnel to have balanced work-life to avoid future circumstance. The demographic and organizational variables considered in the study are Age, working place, and number of family dependents. For this study, 500 sample size has been selected by using stratified random sampling method. As strata designation was selected were Police Constables, Police Naik, Head Constable and Assistant sub-inspector ranks chosen for data collection. For the tabulation and hypothesis testing chi-square test is used. The research study has found that demographic factors life age, number of family dependents, and working place has significant relationship with work-life balance of selected police personnel in Jalgaon District. It has also investigated that demographic variables lead mistakes at work place, increases error, and has negative impact on person’s health. Therefore, researcher has suggested informal meetings, programs, health related camps , seminars for the police personnel.

Impacts on Crop Yield in Agriculture Due to Climate Change in India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 30th August 2017

S.L.Soundrya | R.Kaviya, L.Keerthana

Abstract

Agriculture is highly dependent on the climate. The possible physical effects of climatic change on agriculture, such as changes in crop and livestock yields, as well as the economic consequences of these potential yield changes. In recent times, the crop simulation models have been used extensively to study the impact of climate change on agricultural production and food security. Climate models predict a gradual rise in carbon-dioxide (CO2) concentration and temperature across the globe. These results suggest that climate change is likely to impose significant costs on the Indian economy unless farmers can quickly recognize and adapt to increasing temperatures. Local weather conditions such as rain, temperature, sunshine and wind, in combination with locally adapted plant varieties, cropping systems, and soil conditions can maximize food production as long as plant diseases can be controlled. Climate change could make it more difficult to grow crops. The effects of climate change also need to be considered along with other evolving factors that affect agricultural production, such as changes in farming practices and technology. With the temperature increasing and fluctuations of weather, water availability and crop production are likely to decrease in the future. If the irrigated areas are expanded, the total crop production will increase.

In Air Synthesis of Psyllium Based OrganoInorganic Hybrid Ion Exchanger, its Characterization and Studies

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Rajeev Jindal | Rachna Sharma ,Mithu Maiti, Harpreet Kaur

Abstract

In this research paper in air synthesis of Psyllium and zirconium(IV)tungstoiodophosphate based organo-inorganic hybrid ion exchanger has been reported. Synthesised hybrid ion exchanger has been characterized by FT-IR, SEM, EDS and TGA/DTA/DTG and chemical composition. Ion exchange capacity and thermal studies of the synthesised ion exchanger were investigated using the potassium chloride solution. Further pH titration studies have also been done with KCl/KOH and NaCl/NaOH solutions. Distribution studies shows that synthesized ion exchange has high selectivity for Pb2+ .

Interrogator for FBG Strain Sensor

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

K.Anjali Rao | K.Ram Prasad Rao

Abstract

A structural health monitoring system (SHM) is the need of the hour because continuous monitoring of large structures is a cumbersome task. In this paper a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensing system for strain measurements is being described. Economically feasible and simple grating based FBG has been used to produce strain and induced voltage corresponding to wave length shift. The fiber optic grating sensors have been used in this research work in static operating conditions. The feasibility of using a FBG sensor system in real time monitoring of strain in an optic fiber has been demonstrated experimentally. Experimental and theoretical results showing capability of the proposed system to perform strain measurement and giving an approximate linear response are presented.

Introduction of Nuclear Physics

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th October 2017

D.Farvez Basha | 

Abstract

Every time you breathe you are taking in atoms. Oxygen atoms to be exact. These atoms react with the blood carried to every cell in your body for various reactions you need to surive. Like wise,every time you breathe out corbon di oxide atoms are released.

Investigation of Oxidaizing Character of Potassium Permanganate and Mechanism of Oxidation of Monosaccharide in Acidic Medium

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Yugendra Kumar Soni | S. K. Chatterjee, K. N. Bapat

Abstract

Investigation of oxidizing character of potassium permanganate and mechanism of oxidation of monosaccharide has been done spectrophometrically by using Systronic Spectrophotometer-105 at maximum wavelength 545nm at 305K. The first order kinetics was observed with respect to the concentration of added salt. Experimental data of rate constant indicates that rate of reaction does not depends on the concentration of salt. Insignificant figure of k was measured. It has been found that carboxylic acid derivative of monosaccharide produced as a final product of the oxidation reaction

Is Plastics Bad?

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 3rd October 2017

Pema Choden Bhutia | 

Abstract

We use plastics in a number of objects and it brings up the question, how much damage or cost does it create and where? This study maps harmful effects of plastic waste on environment, animals, humans and marine environment. It also lists few countries playing a major role to combat plastic waste pollution. The paper concludes with few suggestions on the ways to decrease its waste, junk or trash

Isolation of Medicinally Important Compounds From Selected Mangrove Plant Leaves

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

D.Divya | Dr.G.Simhachalam, Dr.N.S. Sampath Kumar., Beaulah

Abstract

This Paper examines the recent investigations on the biological activities of extracts and chemicals identified from mangroves. It describes how people have and are using mangroves on a traditional basis. It also describes the world's mangrove resources and products, in terms of their economical importance, medicinal values and other uses and functions. The economical uses of products from mangrove ecosystems are many and varied. Traditionally, the mangroves have been exploited for firewood and charcoal. Mangrove Ecosystems play an important role in preventing cyclones and tsunamis at estuaries from entering into interior land and in the economic development of local inhabitants. Mangrove plants have special adaptations such as stilt roots, viviparous germination, salt-excreting leaves, breathing roots, knee roots by which these plants survive in water logged anaerobic saline soils. The study of mangrove ecosystems in the deltaic region of Krishna river, particularly extracts and chemicals from mangroves are used mainly in folkloric medicine despite such enormous potential; remarkably few reports are available on these species regarding their biological activities and the active principles responsible for such activities. Though some chemical studies have been made on the mangrove plant leaves of this estuary,

Isolation, Screening and Optimization of Microbial Cellulase

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Rahul G Badgha | Ruby E Jalgaonwala

Abstract

Cellulase enzymes are biological molecules that act as a catalyst and help complex reaction to occur. Now day significant attentions have been devoted to the current knowledge of cellulase production and challenges in cellulase research especially in the direction of improving the process economics of various industries.Having potential application in various industries including pulp and paper, textile, food and laundry industries. Enzyme cellulase cause hydrolysis of the individual cellulose fibers to break it into smaller sugars units and finally producing glucose molecules. The cellulase producing bacteria were isolated from paper industry waste. A total of 9 isolates were obtained by the qualitative screening technique. Isolates coded PP-1 and PP-2 were efficient cellulase producers with specific enzyme activity of 181mU/ml and 189mU/ml respectively.Organism coded PP-2 gives maximum enzyme activity when characterized for pH, temperature, carbon and nitrogen sources.As pH 7.0,temperature 37˚C, fructose andammonium phosphate as best carbon and nitrogen source. PP-2 counts to be best cellulase producer among the rest 9 isolates, having optimum growth condition between pH 5-7 and temperature 30˚C – 40˚C. Potent isolate was characterized on the basis of morphological, structural, biochemical test and partially identified as Bacillus Sp. with the help of Bergey’sManual of systematic bacteriology

It and Its Impact and Business Management

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Dr.V.Suryanarayana | M.Sarala,Prof.Karimella Vikram

Abstract

Information technology (IT) is dramatically changing the business landscape. Although organization cultures and business strategies shape the use of IT in organizations, more often the influence is stronger the other way round. IT significantly affects strategic options and creates opportunities and issues that managers need to address in many aspects of their business. This page outlines some of the key impacts of technology and the implications for management Business strategy - collapsing time and distance, enabling Electronic Commerce Organization Culture - encouraging the free flow of information Organization Structures - making Networking and Virtual Corporation a reality Management Processes - providing support for complex decision making processes Work - dramatically changing the nature of professional, and now managerial workplace - allowing work from home and on the move, as in Telework.

Kinetic Study of Catalytic Oxidation of Sugar by Potassium Permanganate in Acidic Medium

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Yugendra Kumar Soni | S. K. Chatterjee,K. N. Bapat

Abstract

The kinetics of oxidation of sucrose with potassium permanganate is studied spectrophotometrically by using systronic visible Spectrophotometer-105 at 545 maximum wavelength. First order rate of reaction has been studied with respect to concentration of oxidant, substrate, H2SO4 in presence of Hg (II) . The effect of salt does not affect rate of the reaction in absence of catalyst . This result shows that molecular species are responsible for formation of final product in rate determining step. when concentration of sucrose increases then rate of reaction increases. Same result obtained in case of increasing the concentration of oxidant also it has been observed that rate of reaction increases by increasing the concentration of catalyst .Rate law of the reaction and suitable mechanism of the reaction is predicted for the current research work.

Laboratory Experimentation of Foundry Waste for Potential Utilization In Pavements

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Anal Sheth | BhargavTewar, Anand Mistry

Abstract

Foundry sand is a waste material of the metal industry but can be suitably used as a construction material for civil engineering applications. Foundry industries in India are inclined to dispose of this waste in a sustainable and environment friendly manner. This paper presents a study wherein the feasibility of utilizing four types of foundry wastes as construction materials for pavement subsurface courses, was evaluated through laboratory experimentation. The laboratory study was first carried out for testing the properties of the four types of wastes. These waste properties were then compared with the traditional fill material and against the existing recommendations laid by the Indian standards. Few shortfalls were identified for the case of total replacement of the traditional material with foundry wastes; therefore blends of the fill material with foundry wastes were prepared and the researchers tried to evaluate the case of partial replacement with foundry wastes. This resulted in desirable and improved properties and therefore a blend ratio was recommended based on the laboratory results. The study indicates that a foundry waste, which is no longer recyclable in the industry, can be utilized for construction of pavements, and thus sustainably disposed.

Laminar flow of electrically conducting non- Newtonian power – law fluid past a stretching flat surface in the presence of thermal dispersion using spectral relaxation method

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Uma maheswara rao K | G.Koteswara rao

Abstract

In this present study, a numerical investigation has been carried out to discuss the steady, two dimensional laminar flow of heat and mass transfer of electrically conducting non-Newtonian power law fluid in the presence of thermal dispersion. The flow is induced by a stretching flat surface. The solutions of the transformed nonlinear equations have been obtained by using Spectral Relaxation Method (SRM) and the results are validated by comparison with numerical approximations obtained using the Matlab in-built boundary value problem solver bvp4c, and with existing results available in literature. The results are presented graphically and discussed for various resulting parameters. The rate of heat and mass transfer become larger for shear thinning

Lean Six Sigma Prioritization of Green Electro Chemical Machining using ANP

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Sevak Ram Dansena | Harsh Kumar Pandey, Vikas Swarnakar, Narendra Kumar Patel

Abstract

This paper presents a methodology for Lean Six Sigma (LSS) Prioritization of Green Electro Chemical Machining (GECM). Lean Six Sigma (LSS) provides collective profit of waste elimination as well as defects reduction from manufacturing sector. Priortization of GECM in the perspective of Lean Six Sigma is a typical Multi Criteria Decision Making(MCDM) problem. Analytical Netwrk Process (ANP) methodogoly comes under MCDM tools and used as solution methodology for this problem. In this contest simple scale is used for prioritizing Green ECM. In this paper five dimension and 15 criteria are used for priorizing GECM, based on computation using ANP, alternative (A1) is found to be the best solution. Efforts are being taken for deployment of the selected Green Electro Chemical LSS project. A case study conducted in an Indian auto component manufacturing organization is illustrated

Lung Cancer Detection using Log-Gabor Filter Banks

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th August 2017

Rupali Mali | Dr. S. B. Bagal

Abstract

Lung cancer is the foremost reason of deaths due to cancer disease around the world. As per the report of the World Health Organization (WHO) near about 10 million patients in the world will be deceased because of lung cancer by 2030. Timely inhibition of lung tumor plays an imperative role for survival assistance enhancements. By following the notion that heavy investigation of radiographic imageries can apprise and enumerate the microenvironment and the degree of tumor level heterogeneity for personalized medicine, examination of huge numbers of image features extracted from computed tomography (CT). The focus is on high throughput that can apprehend spatial and temporal genetic heterogeneity in a without operating the patient, which preferred over intrinsic biopsy based molecular assays method. The lung cancer detection is valuable for ongoing medical research and computer-assisted diagnosis of lung cancer. In this paper, we have presented lung cancer detection algorithm that yields possible location of tumor in the lung. The algorithmic steps comprises of histogram equalization of the CT scan image followed by log- Gabor filter bank processing to enhance the CT scan image. Subsequently the image is dilated using gradient mask and after border clearing, the location of possible tumor is detected. This algorithm gives accurate results on publically shared CT scan images

Magnetization Studies of Aqueous Plasma Synthesized FeCu Micro-particles

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Naidu Seetala | Deidre Henderson, Alexander Ulrich,Chester Wilson

Abstract

Aqueous plasma techniques were used to synthesize FeCu micro-particles for the use as precursor particles for 3D printing to make miniature transformers. The magnetic properties of FeCu with five different compositions (1:0, 4:1, 1:1, 1:4 , and 0:1) were studied using VSM. Both magnetization and coercivity increased with Fe content as expected. The particle size and elemental composition were studies using SEM and EDX analysis, which were used to estimate magnetization values. The average particle size is around 0.5 μm obtained from SEM and composition from EDX of 100% Cu sample showed almost all Cu was oxidized and the EDX of 100% Fe showed some Fe was oxidized during aqueous plasma process. For all other compositions, the amount of oxygen found in EDX analysis was first accounted for oxidation of Cu. The balance was then used to oxidize part of Fe into the most stable compound, Fe2O3, and the rest of Fe was considered to be in pure metal form. Using the composition of Fe and Fe2O3 and their bulk saturation magnetization values, the expected magnetization were estimated for all compositions. The estimated magnetization values are much higher than the experimental values for all compositions. In accounting for the difference, 10% can be accounted for the particle size as surveyed from the literature, however the experimental results showed a difference of more than 10%. This could be as a result of the superparamagnetic nature at sub-micron/nano-size particles and the coercivity dependence on percent Cu suggests an exchange coupling between Fe and Fe2O3 magnetic phases within particles.

Management Techniques for ESL Learners Through Apps

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th September 2017

Dr. R.K.Jaishree Karthiga | Mrs. Parinita Sinha

Abstract

Language is the medium of communicating one’s feelings, emotions, thoughts and ideas. In a language, communication can be done effectively through the four basic skills – Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing (LSRW). Here, the productive skills such as Speaking and Writing are more essential for a man to communicate effectively, whereas receptive skills such as Listening and Reading are the background skills which are useful for a learner to be competent in productive skills. One should affirm himself in all these four skills, but for an ESL Learner in the country like India needs speaking skills as the most required skill for better communication. In the present scenario, India has grown much in the field of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Application Software (Apps) is the milestone in the ICT field. Mobile-Assisted Language Learning (MALL) becomes smarter and also there are plenty of APPS, provided by various companies and organizations to improve English speaking skill. This paper will analyze the usage of an app in enhancing the competence of the ESL learners’ speaking skill.

Masterpieces of Literature: A Mirror on Darkness

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Muzifar Yousuf | 

Abstract

Darkness of any society has been mirrored through literature from times immemorial; across the world by different insightful writers. However, in this particular research paper the whole literature cannot be assessed but evaluates some works of literature to justify the credence of the title. The literary works which are analyzed here have milieus in different countries, particularly India, England and America written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Joseph Conrad, Mulk Raj Anand, Arundhati Roy and Aravind Adiga. In this context; it is evaluated that caste system of Indian society is found to have its inherent weakness which rendered it unjust and exploitative over a period of time, giving rise to social injustices, disabilities and inequalities among a vast majority of the people. It gave birth to the division of society while promoting disunity and caste prejudices. The caste system was based on birth rather than individual talent and vocational choice. So, this created many disabilities for the talented individuals belonging to the lower castes. Therefore, the age-old evil of casteism has cast its grey shadow on the future of lower caste. It has been aggravated by narrow scope of its economic growth. This socio-economic destitute almost closes to it; the door of any political hope except using right to vote. Even the modern pollution has rendered the Indian society very ugly so for its depiction through literature is concerned. Infact, with the passage of time, its condition has worsened. All policies of reform have fallen far short of their goal. The urban population is enjoying the benefits of modern world after a fashion. But the rural life is lost in darkness. Besides, the Indian works of literature, in case of the European ones it is found that there the depiction has basis on distorted version of morality, inhuman relationships, social waywardness, moral erosion and so on.

Methanotrophs- Role in Environmental Engineering Specific to Reversal of Global Warming

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ch.M.Kumari ChitturiS | J. P. Jeevana Lakshmi,D.Hymavathi

Abstract

Methanotrophs are members of Archaebacteria that play an important role in mitigation of climate change by reducing methane emissions from landfills and geothermal power stations. Two types of methanotrophs are existent in nature – high capacity methanotrophs and low capacity methanotrophs. Methane monooxygenase enzyme produced by these organisms plays a major role in utilization of methane as a sole source of carbon and energy. Two types of monooxygenases have been isolated from methanotrophs -soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) and particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO).Cells with pMMO expressed high affinity for methane than sMMO producing cells. Methane gas is harmful to environment as it a potential greenhouse gas and is produced due to several anthropogenic activities. Methane is 72 times more potent than carbon dioxide in trapping heat in a period of 20 years. Hence formulation of new strategies is essential in environmental engineering by exploiting methanotrophs for reversal of global warming.

Microbeads- Treatment on Waste Water

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Jesvin John Jacob | Jebin V John, Anto Bab

Abstract

Microbeads are solid plastic particles of less than five millimetres in their large dimension, which are frequently made of polyethylene but can be of other petrochemical plastics such as polypropylene and polystyrene. These microbeads are produced from exfoliating personal care products, toothpaste which is washed down the drain can pass unfiltered through the sewage treatment plants that makes their way into rivers and canals which result in plastic particle water pollution. These beads can absorb and concentrate pollutants on their surface, and thereby carry the pollutants. The study says that 5000-95000 microbeads are released into the environment with every single use of personal care product in which 35000 tons of micro plastic are from the cosmetic products. It constitutes 0.1-4% of the total plastic pollution. The rate 0.95 million tons per annum are dumped into the oceans which have a huge impact on the marine environment and to fisheries. In this paper, we try to understand the effectiveness of coagulation (Nano clay and moringa), Adsorption (activated carbon, Carbon nanotubes), Ion-Exchange (Nano clay and resins) and membrane filtration (Nano membranes) in the separation or removal of microbeads and to come with a technology for the treatment of microbeads contaminated water.

Model Fitting and Kinetic Approach To Sorption of Lead Ion Using Plum Stone Powder

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th July 2017

Priyanka Lahot | DP Tiwari

Abstract

Adsorption of lead ion from aqueous solution on adsorbent is studied. Adsorbent used after chemical treatment for all study at room temperature. Study describe influence of various parameters initial metal ion concentration, pH. Kinetics behavior studied by pseudo second order and Elovich equation. According to pseudo second order process follows chemisorptions. Isotherm adsorption studied by Temkin adsorption isotherm that shows adsorbate-adsorbent bonding.

Modelling and analysis of Geom/GI/1/K Queue With Finite Number of Vacations

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th August 2017

K . Sikdar | K . Anitha

Abstract

Discrete-time queueing models have gained prominence in recent years due to its wide applications. These have received much interest due to the emerging broadband integrated services digital network(B-ISDN) which provides the transfer of messages in the form of video, voice and data through high speed local area networks (LAN). The asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) is adopted as the network transport technique in the implementation of B-ISDN. In this paper, we deliberate a finite buffer discrete-time Geo/G/1 queue where the server takes finite number of at most L (≥0) vacations. The server takes vacations whenever the system is empty. After the vacation, the server checks out the system whether to resume the service or to go for another vacation or to be dormant. In this system, jobs arrive according to Bernoulli process and service, vacation times are arbitrarily distributed. We adopt the supplementary variable method and the imbedded Markov chain techniques to attain the queue length distributions at the service completion, vacation termination and arbitrary epochs. The analysis of actual waiting time under the First-Come-First-Served (FCFS) queueing discipline is also carried out. The objective of this paper is to create awareness and better utilization of the queueing theories involved in the analysis of a discrete-time model with at most L vacations

Multilateral Aspects of International Economic Offences in Globalized Economy: An Indian Outlook

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st July 2017

Husain Ahsan | Kushal Bothra

Abstract

The term ‘Economic Offence’ determines the crimes which are of economic and financial character. With the advent of industrialization and corporate matrix, the paramount standard of ethics and morality faced dearth in favor of power, money and materials in almost every sphere of economic activities which gave thriving rise to a disease called ‘Corruption’. The economic offenses such as counterfeiting of currency, money laundering, financial scams evoke serious concern and impact on nation’s security and governance resulting in moral turpitude of the state. These offenses not only shamble the economic growth but also create social disparity in the society hindering the comprehensive growth and stratum. In order to reinstate the faith of en masse, stringent actions have become a necessity. Due to financial backing and political bolstering from dominant & affluent class the actions become null and void. Merely discourse will not reconcile the egregious economic state rather it will create an economic utopia. The Economic offenses are noxious for the growth of developing economies as it will cease the inflow of foreign investments from the developed nations. In Toto, this will create a rift between the countries across the globe. A strategy needs to be excogitated. Industrial lobbying inter alia is a cause of great concern as it is primarily affecting the economic framework of the state giving birth to the economic offense. Vide traditional doctrinal research method; this paper seeks to present multifaceted aspects that are infused in the economy which gave birth to a destructive creation. An attempt will be made to scan up the domestic logjam covering international legal, social and economic aspects. This paper also attempts to examine the role of international agencies in curbing the economic crimes globally.

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) As Renewable Energy Source

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Jagdish Lambe | Ravindra Chougule

Abstract

With rapid economic growth and massive urbanization, India faces the problem of municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal and the pressing need for development of alternative energy. Waste-to-energy (WTE), which recovers energy from discarded MSW and produces electricity and/or steam for heating, is recognized as a renewable source of energy and is playing an increasingly important role in MSW management in India. Energy from waste offers recovery of energy by conversion of non-recyclable materials through various processes including thermal and non-thermal technologies. Energy that is produced in the form of electricity, heat or fuel using combustion, pyrolization, gasification or anaerobic digestion is clean and renewable energy, with reduced carbon emissions and minimal environmental impact than any other form of energy

Non - Performing Loanan Encumbrance for Maximizings Hareholder Wealth?- A Study on Two Leading Private Sector Banks in India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Ms Adithi Ramesh | Prof. Dr.C.B.Senthil Kumar

Abstract

Shareholders value plays a crucial role in a highly volatile and complicated market. Just like how a bank has got a moral obligation towards its customer, the obligation towards a shareholder or investor is also equally important. Increasing Nonperforming loans have not only been a period of eclipse for the banks financials and brand value, but also for the shareholders of the bank. This paper shows the impact of Non-Performing loans on Shareholder value and ways to reduce the same to increase the shareholders confidence.

Oil Content Variation And Cluster Analysis Of Different Genotypes Of Wild Apricot Collected From Different Regions Of Jammu & Kashmir, India.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th October 2017

M. S. Wani | A. H. Mughal

Abstract

The experimental investigation was undertaken at Faculty of Forestry, SKUAST-Kashmir, India, to estimate the percentage oil content variability and genetic divergence for seed and seedling characters of 22 Candidate Plus Trees (CPTs)/half- sib families of Wild Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L) collected from different locations of Kashmir (temperate) and Laddakh (arid) regions in India. Candidate Plus Trees (CPTs) of Wild Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) were selected, based on check tree method. Fresh and fully ripened open pollinated seeds of 22 Candidate Plus Trees were collected and graded to constitute seed lots of different CPTs. After the dimensional measurements for seed and kernel characters, part of the seeds from seed lots of each CPT/family were analyzed for oil content estimation. Part of the constituted seed lots of each family/CPT were sown in open field environmental conditions in the nursery following Randomized Block Design, with a view to assess the expression of genetic diversity using Non-hierarchical Euclidean cluster analysis. Analysis of variance indicated significant differences among 22 different candidate plus trees for all the studied characters. Oil content per cent recovered from kernels showed significant variations and ranged between 25.52% for CPT 15/075 (S5) to 54.64% for CPT 14/075 (S5). Candidate plus tree progenies were grouped into five clusters under open field environment. On the basis of inter and intra cluster distance cluster no. I and V may be considered as diverse and can be utilized for hybridization when selecting genotypes for breeding purposes. Seedling height followed by survival per cent, germination per cent, fruit diameter, fruit length and oil content per cent respectively contributed maximum to the total divergence and played a prominent role in creating the genetic diversity. Out of 22 seed sources four sources (S5, S8, S10, & S12) recorded above 50% oil content. With respect to morphometric and seedling characters S4, S5, S18 and S10 respectively out performed than rest of the sources. On the basis of inter and intra cluster distance cluster number. I and V may be considered as diverse and can be utilized for hybridization when selecting genotypes for breeding purposes.

On Fuzzy ?? ## -Continuous Maps and Fuzzy ?? ## - Homeomorphism Mappings in Fuzzy Topological Spaces

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Kiran G Potadar | Sadanand N Patil

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to introduce new class of Fuzzy sets, namely ?? ## -closed fuzzy set for Fuzzy topological spaces .This new class is properly lies between the class of ?-closed Fuzzy set and the class of ?? # -closed fuzzy set, we also introduce application of ?? ## -closed fuzzy sets, the concept of fuzzy ?? ## -continuous, fuzzy?? ## -irresolute mapping, fuzzy ?? ## -closed maps, fuzzy ?? ## -open maps and fuzzy ?? ## -homeomorphism in Fuzzy topological spaces are also introduced, studied and some of their properties are obtained

On potentially graphical sequences

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th August 2017

Bilal Chat | 

Abstract

A graphic sequence = ( , , )  d1  dn is potentially K4  K2 K2 -graphic if it has a a realization containing an K4  K2 K2 as a subgraph where K4 is a wheel graph on four vertices and K2  K2 is a set of independent edges. In this paper, we find the smallest degree sum such that every n -term graphical sequence contains K4  K2 K2 as a subgraph

Online Big File Storage Mechanism

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Ms.Noopur Adarsh Purwar | Prof.Nilima Nikam,Prof.Vaishali Londhe

Abstract

Online data storage refers to the practice of storing electronic data with a third party service accessed via the Internet. It is an alternative to traditional local storage (such as disk or tape drives) and portable storage (such as optical media or flash drives). It can also be called "hosted storage," "Internet storage". One of the biggest benefits of online storage is the ability to access data from anywhere. As the number of devices the average person uses continues to grow, syncing or transferring data among devices has become more important. Not only does it help transfer data between devices, online data storage also provides the ability to share files among different users. This paper presents the different techniques which help in making online storage an easier way of storing data. Data deduplication is one of important techniques for eliminating duplicate copies of repeating data, and has been widely used in online storage to reduce the amount of storage space and save bandwidth. To protect the confidentiality of sensitive data while supporting deduplication,we have also proposed an encryption technique which helps in encrypting the data before storing it. Our approach to deduplication ,encryption and compression in online storage aims at reduction in storage space and efficient use.

Operations Research Technique for Merging Manpower in Industries for Optimization

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Govind Shay Sharrma | Dr.Sapna Shrimali

Abstract

In this paper , We have discussed the Merging of the man power which works in industries for enhancement the productivity. The purpose of study to find the role of Operations Research techniques for merge the man power of two different branch but having the similar work profile. In this paper we show that the process man power of a industry and Maintenance man power which having the same field can be merge and work together in the proper guidance. This concept helps to increase the labour productivity and cost reduction with respect to time. The paper present that the groups for execute may be merge and the number of executive can be purposed with the operation research techniques

Operations Research Technique for Merging Manpower in Industries for Optimization

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 24th June 2017

Govind shay sharrmaand | Dr.SapnaShrimali

Abstract

In this paper , We have discussed the Merging of the man power which works in industries for enhancement the productivity. The purpose of study to find the role of Operations Research techniques for merge the man power of two different branch but having the similar work profile. In this paper we show that the process man power of a industry and Maintenance man power which having the same field can be merge and work together in the proper guidance. This concept helps to increase the labour productivity and cost reduction with respect to time. The paper present that the groups for execute may be merge and the number of executive can be purposed with the operation research techniques

Optical polarization studies of Indian Medicinal plant Konda Gogu

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th October 2017

P.V.Kanaka.Rao | 

Abstract

Polarimetric imaging system operating in the reflection mode is designed to understand the characteristic polarization effects taking place in wood sample prepared from the bark of Cochlospermum religiosum, an Indian medicinal plant known as Konda Gogu in the telugu. The intensity images recorded by this polarimeter are processed using polar decomposition technique to obtain polarimetric parameters. The degrees of polarization images and the corresponding mean intensity values are obtained using Image processing algorithms that were developed in MatLab platform.

Optimization of Green Electro-Chemical Machining Using Multi Criteria Decision Making Tools VIKOR

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Sevak Ram Dansena | Harsh Kumar Pandey, Vikas Swarnakar, Narendra Kumar Patel

Abstract

In the present scenario an proficient Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) approach has been predictable for optimization of green electro-chemical machining, because it is a commonly used non-traditional machining process. Electrochemical machining (ECM) has predictable itself as one of the major alternatives to conventional methods for machining hard materials and versatile contours deficient the residual stresses and tool wear. ECM has spacious-ranging purpose in automotive, petroleum, aerospace, textile industries, medical fields, electronic industries etc. The optimization of Green electrochemical machining is a Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) problem narrow-minded by several performance criteria and alternatives. These criteria’s and alternatives are commonly two types, qualitative and quantitative. These problems are analyzed and identified using many MCDM tools and techniques So to find the best alternative solution of MCDM problems there should be transformed quantitative criteria values into an equivalent single performance index called Multi-attribute Performance Index (MAPI). In this text, present study highlights application of VIseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (VIKOR) that means: Multicriteria Optimization and Compromise Solution. This Method personalized from MCDM techniques for obtaining the precise result. Detailed methodology of VIKOR method has been described in this paper through a case study.

Optimization of Parameters Influencing Adsorption of Brilliant Red Dye on Dried Melon Shell Powder

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 11th July 2017

Vijeta Arora | DP Tiwari

Abstract

Removal of dyes from waste water discharge of textile Industry is a major issue due to its harmful effect on human life and environment. Based on study of various methods available and considering the aspect of cost effective and efficient technology adsorption is considered to be best approach. In this present work the removal of “brilliant red” dye is carried out by the process of adsorption using raw water melon shell powder. Various batch experiments were performed under different experimental conditions. The effect of parameters such as Initial dye concentration, pH, contact time, adsorbent doses has been investigated. Various isotherm models such as Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin analyzed the isotherms of adsorption data.

Optimization of Water Consumption to meet New MoEFCC guidelines for Thermal Power Plants

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ritesh Dahikar | 

Abstract

The recent notification issued by Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC), Government of India, on 8th December 2015, with reference of S.O.3305 (E), Section 6 & 25 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, specified the new limits on maximum water intake consumption & achieving zero wastewater discharge for existing as well as newly installed Thermal Power Plants (TPP) in India. Additionally the notification has also specified SO2 emission limit from stack for both existing and newly installed TPP’s, which mandates the additional technology such as flue gas desulphurization (FGD) to meet this requirement, which requires additional make up water. The maximum new water consumption limit is set at 2.5 m3/MWh for newly installed Thermal power plant. Presently coal based TPP’s, typically consumes water in the range of 3.0to4.0 m3/MWh without considering FGD. This paper discusses the various possible optimization ways to meet this new water consumption limit, including additional water requirement for SO2 reduction and to ensure zero wastewater discharge from plant

Organisational Communication: The Best Way of Retaining Knowledgeworkers in Higher Education Sector

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Mamta Sharma | Dr. Sachin Gupta , Dr. Pooja Sharma

Abstract

Organizational culture is defined by various dimensions. Organisational Communication is one of them. Organisational Communication is lifeblood for an organization that build bridges among the employees within the organization. Achieving universal goals of an organization is promised only through the communication. This study aims at identifying the effects of Organisational communication in retention of employees in higher education sector. This study describes the relationship of organizational communication in retaining knowledge workers in higher education sector. The area of study is respondents from Jaipur City and sample size is 60 employees of higher education sector. The Primary Data has been collected through questionnaire and interview and the Secondary Data has been collected with the help of journals, magazines, books and internet. Random sampling method was used in present study. Present study concludes from the above that there is a relationship between Organisational communication and Employee Retention. It has analyzed that Inter personal relationship is a major factor that contribute towards employee retention and it has found that various elements of organisational communication have positive relationship with employee retention in higher education sector.

Patient Healthcare Monitoring System Using IoT

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 13th September 2017

Snehal Sanjay Kale | Prof. Dheeraj S Bhagwat

Abstract

Advances in information and communication technologies have led to the emergence of Internet of Things (IoT). In the advanced medicinal service environment, the utilization of IoT system brings convenience of doctors and patients as they are applied to different medical areas (for example, real-time monitoring, patient information management, and healthcare management). The body sensor network (BSN) technology is one of the main technologies of IoT developments in medical system, where a person under treatment can be observed utilizing a set of low power and portable wireless sensor nodes. This paper presents an economical and versatile body sensor network system using an embedded micro-web server, with internet access for getting and controlling the remotely using Android phone app. To demonstrate the practicality and viability of this system, devices such as light switches, power plug, temperature sensor and current sensor have been integrated to design introduce a safe IoT based healthcare system using BSN, called BSN-Care, which can effectively fulfill those requirements. It is highly critical to monitor various medical parameters and post operational data. To get the patient’s medical readings in local and remote area, healthcare communication using Internet of Things (IoT) technique is taken under use.The main purpose of this paper is to transmitting the patient’s health monitoring parameters through wireless communication. These input data are uploaded in cloud server and transmitted to the computer and mobile for family and specialist's reference.

Performance Analysis of Curved Directional Coupler

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Sonal Patil | Santosh Jagtap,Pravin Patil

Abstract

Optical transport networks are designed for high data rate transmission. To implement such a network it requires various passive components. The optical coupler is one of the important components of such a high capacity optical transport network. The coupling efficiency of coupler is wavelength sensitive and this degrades the performance of optical system that uses directional couplers for WDM transmission. A curved directional coupler has been proposed using silicon waveguides realizing the wavelength insensitive operation. The simulations are carried out using BeamPROP software and the effect on transmittance with respect to wavelength is analyzed. This curved coupler reduces the wavelength dependence.

Peristaltic Flow of a Conducting Newtonian Fluid in an Inclined Channel under The Effects of Hall Current

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 6th July 2017

Dr.Gangavathi.P | Dr.M. V. Subba Reddy, Dr.Jyothi.S , Yogeswara reddy. P

Abstract

In this paper, the effect of hall on the peristaltic flow of a conducting fluid in an inclined two dimensional channel under the assumption of long wavelength is investigated. A closed form solution is obtained for axial velocity and pressure gradient. The effect of various emerging parameters on the time-averaged volume flow is analyzed with the help of graphs.

Pests and diseasesof tea (Camellia sinensis)

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Mittu Katoch | Satyanarayan Murthy Malladi

Abstract

Tea is the most well-known drink devoured after water. Tea, Camellia sinensis (L) O. Kunze (Theaceae) is the real estate trim developed in SriLanka. With its wide flexibility, tea is developed in a scope of atmospheres and soils in various agro biological districts (AERs). Efficiency of tea relies upon different ecological and natural factors regardless of the cultivar developed. The yield and soil administration rehearses received, changing climate conditions and bug and illness rates additionally decide the general harvest efficiency. It is fermented from the leaves of Camellia sinensis (family: Theaceae). Diverse sorts of tea fabricated are: oolong, green, dark and Ilex tea relying upon the post-gather treatment and satisfactoriness of a specific area. Being rich in regular cell reinforcements, tea is accounted for to be compelling against colon, oesophageal, and lung diseases, and also urinary stone, dental caries, and so on. Tea observed to be insect cariogenic, against microbial, calming, hostile to cancer-causing, against oxidant can be utilized as a successful preventive operator. India is one of the biggest tea-delivering, trading and devouring nations. Every tea developing territories has its own unmistakable nuisances and infections however a few of them may have been recorded from more than one area. Number of vermin and ailments related with tea plants in a zone relies upon the period of time for which it is developed around there. More than one thousand types of arthropod bothers and almost 400 pathogens are known to assault tea everywhere throughout the world, however just around 300 types of bugs and parasites and 58 pathogenic growths are recorded from tea in India. Yield misfortune because of bug and maladies changes in the vicinity of 15 and 20%. Extent of the misfortunes will undoubtedly be higher today in perspective of the expanded generation and profitability other than the varieties in climatic conditions. Bugs are not kidding vermin of tea and they harm the green tissues of leaves, along these lines decreasing the photosynthetic effectiveness bringing about yield lessening. Invasion prompts staining of clears out. The majority of the species possess the under surface of the leaves yet a couple of favor the upper surface moreover. In this survey paper we learn about different irritations, infection and their contro

Pharmaco-Informatics: Harnessing The Power Of Bioinformatics In Cancer Research & Management: A Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Preenon Bagchi | Tara Devi Chetry, Anuradha M

Abstract

One of the greatest challenges faced by the cancer researchers is that the disease varies so much from individual to individual. Even the same type of cancer – blood, brain, kidney, pancreas, and so on – can be different subtly. This concludes that a therapy working excellent in one patient may have absolutely no effect in another. Cancer Research worldwide has set up several centers and started collecting 9,000 tumor cells’ samples from a wide range of cancer patients and created a DNA database of cancerous cells. Researchers extract DNA from these tumors and scan them for a series of key genes involved in tumor development and compares & cross-checked against a range of cancer treatments, cancerous genes, to create a map of which treatments in particular works best for cancers associated with which particular genes. This is based on the concept of pharmacogenomics & pharmacoinformatics: certain genes predispose individual to respond to certain molecules in certain ways. Doctors can already test a cancer patient for a single known gene, knowing how tumors with that gene respond to a particular molecule. However currently they don’t have a way of testing with a broad panel or set of genes. And to compensate the problem, they don’t have a way of quicker and more accurate way of sharing information in-between research labs in the same city, across the country or internationally. With the proposed cancer DNA database, a doctor might analyze a patient’s cancerous tumor sample and prescribe a detailed tailored treatment plan within a very short period of time. Bioinformatics research is increasing steadily at an exponential rate. DNA sequences are available to researchers with just an Internet connection – along with free bioinformatics tools to explore any sequence data, predict the presence of genes/mutated genes, and compare features shared between various organisms.

Phase Synchronization analysis of Heart Rate Variability and Systolic Blood Pressure Variability under Postural Stress

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Barjinder Singh Saini | Amritpal Singh, Dilbag Singh

Abstract

In this paper, the coupling between heart rate variability (HRV) and systolic blood pressure variability is analyzed using a non-linear measure called phase synchronization index (PSI). 20 healthy subjects alongwith 20 post myocardial patients undergong postural stress were used for analysis. The results were validated on standard EuroBaVar dataset. Results demonstrate that i) for healthy subjects PSI in the low frequency (LF) range i.e. (0.04-0.15) Hz is greater than PSI in the high frequency (HF) range i.e. (0.151-0.4) Hz in the lying position. ii) LF-PSI is less than HF-PSI in the standing position ii) for post AMI patients, LFPSI is greater than HF-PSI irrespective of the change in posture. In conclusion, it is found that there is a coupling between HRV and SBPV that varies in the LF and HF regions. This coupling changes with a change in the posture from lying to standing due to change in the autonomous drive occurring due to predominance of vagal over the sympathetic drive. This change is suppressed in the post AMI patients due to possible inactivity of the Baroreflex control.

Phenotype Frequencies of Blood Group Systems (ABO, Rh, Kell) Among Deferent Patients In Jaipur India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Ziad Amran | (Dr.) Manju Mhera, Pankaj Agarwal

Abstract

Background: With the industrial revolution of modern equipment and preparation of reagents, but in most blood banks; blood transfusions are done based on ABO & Rh antigens for pre-transfusion compatibility testing and achieved by random cross-matching of available units in the inventory storage. Unknown phenotype blood group for clinically significant antigens may cause in immunization Aim: To determine the frequency of ABO, kell, Rh blood grouping, Du testing and antigen profile. Materials and Methods: A total of 103 samples were collected from deferent patients at Nims and SDM Hospital in Jaipur-India. Laboratory investigations were have done to all the studied patients including: ABO, Rh blood grouping and Du testing have done by (BioVue cassettes based on Column Agglutination Technology), finally antigen profile (Rh- Kell Phenotype) by DiaMed ID-Card (C-c-E-e-K-Ctl, Monoclonal). Results: Total of 103 patients of deferent diseases 54 (52.5%) were males and 49 (47.5%) were females. The prevalence of Rh positive was 82.5%.The most common in distribution of ABO group system was B group (40.5%) flowed by O (26.5%) then A group (23%). The most antigen frequent was antigen (e: 87.4%) and flowed by D: 82.5%, C: 70.8%, c: 65%, E: 11.6%, while kell antigen was (2.9%). Conclusion: Our study, first step to make a rare donor antigens database bank and patients’ antibodies also, to provide compatible blood to all multiple blood transfused, alloimmunized patients and enhance safety in transfusion medicine.

Phenotype Frequencies of Blood Group Systems (ABO, Rh, Kell) Among Deferent Patients In Jaipur India

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th September 2017

Ziad Amran | (Dr.) Manju Mhera, Pankaj Agarwal

Abstract

Background: With the industrial revolution of modern equipment and preparation of reagents, but in most blood banks; blood transfusions are done based on ABO & Rh antigens for pre-transfusion compatibility testing and achieved by random cross-matching of available units in the inventory storage. Unknown phenotype blood group for clinically significant antigens may cause in immunization Aim: To determine the frequency of ABO, kell, Rh blood grouping, Du testing and antigen profile. Materials and Methods: A total of 103 samples were collected from deferent patients at Nims and SDM Hospital in Jaipur-India. Laboratory investigations were have done to all the studied patients including: ABO, Rh blood grouping and Du testing have done by (BioVue cassettes based on Column Agglutination Technology), finally antigen profile (Rh- Kell Phenotype) by DiaMed ID-Card (C-c-E-e-K-Ctl, Monoclonal). Results: Total of 103 patients of deferent diseases 54 (52.5%) were males and 49 (47.5%) were females. The prevalence of Rh positive was 82.5%.The most common in distribution of ABO group system was B group (40.5%) flowed by O (26.5%) then A group (23%). The most antigen frequent was antigen (e: 87.4%) and flowed by D: 82.5%, C: 70.8%, c: 65%, E: 11.6%, while kell antigen was (2.9%). Conclusion: Our study, first step to make a rare donor antigens database bank and patients’ antibodies also, to provide compatible blood to all multiple blood transfused, alloimmunized patients and enhance safety in transfusion medicine.

Pixel N-grams: Size, Location and Resolution Invariance for Shape Classification

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Pradnya Kulkarni | Andrew Stranieri,Julien Ugon

Abstract

X-ray screening for breast cancer is an important public health initiative in the management of a leading cause of death for women. However, screening is expensive if mammograms are required to be manually assessed by radiologists. Moreover it is subjected to perception and interpretation errors. Automated mammogram classification is promising however relies on the identification of image features that enhance classification accuracies. Features that represent the shape of a tumour have been found to be useful for breast cancer detection using mammographic images. Existing shape feature computation methods are computationally expensive and strongly dependent upon algorithms that can segment an image to localize a region of interest likely to contain the tumour. In this paper, we apply a novel feature extraction technique called Pixel N-grams inspired from character N-gram model in text categorization for classification of shape images. Experiments on a dataset constructed for the purpose, demonstrate that the Pixel N-gram features achieve promising shape classification results irrespective of the size and location of the shape in an image without segmentation. These features also achieve excellent classification accuracy for images of varying resolution. Further, Pixel N-gram features are computationally less complex to generate paving the way for mammogram classification on low resource computers.

Planning a Sustainable Development of Existing Village

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Arati Kochar | Dr. Hansa Jeswani

Abstract

In the past decade the world has woken up to the environmental deterioration & climate change. The scenario is not different in India. The main reason behind this is increased urbanization. Urbanization is an inevitable phenomenon and it is in fact a sign of a matured economy. India is witnessing tremendous growth in every sector. India has recently launched smart city project. But when the cities in developing world lack long term strategic planning, management skills and struggling with infrastructure provision and high concentration of poverty and slums, thinking of smart cities does not seem to be a realistic goal. Developing countries rather than being obsessed with the dream of smart cities should be focusing more to their villages and try to curb the urbanization growth. But smart village did not make inroads as the cost of developing physical infrastructure in low density rural areas were too high and the village Panchayets have scanty revenues to manage such infrastructure even if they are developed by state or federal funding. So sustainable villages can be another good option. Any society with less resource utilization and sustainable behavioral practices can help in controlling the deterioration of environment, achieving lower carbon footprint and thus could aid to minimize greenhouse emissions and climate change. Villages are more sustainable and resilient than cities. The main goal of the project is to develop a sustainable perspective plan for a village in Maharashtra. In the present study, the existing village has been studied in terms of efficient use of resources and energy. The overall consumption of electricity, water and other energy sources has been determined by circulating a questionnaire to all the villagers. Detailed analysis of last 10 years rainfall data and groundwater level survey has been carried out. After detailed analysis of the survey data, a perspective plan will be developed for sustainable development of that village. These findings will assist the government to strategize their efforts towards achieving village sustainability instead of smart cities.

Polyaniline for Removal of Methyl Orange Dye from Waste Water

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Jadhav Smita | Jaspal Dipika,Khamparia Shraddha

Abstract

Conducting polymers have emerged as effective adsorbents in the field of waste water treatment due to their cost effectiveness and higher environmental stability. The present investigation deals with the application of Polyaniline, a potential conducting polymer, for the removal of a toxic textile dye (Methyl Orange), from wastewater. The applied adsorbent, Polyaniline has been synthetically prepared by chemical oxidative polymerization of aniline with doping of an organic acid (oxalic acid). Batch studies were conducted to determine the effect of several influential parameters such as pH, amount of adsorbent, contact time and concentration at different temperatures. Preliminary adsorption studies revealed that maximum decolorization occurred at pH 3 after 5 hours of contact time. Almost 92% Methyl Orange removal was achieved at 50C with 0.03 g of the adsorbent. Studies revealed the efficiency of polyaniline for the removal of methyl orange from waste water.

Preparation of Cupcake Using Whey Powder as Egg Replacer

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 12th October 2017

Mane K. A | Khandekar V. B

Abstract

In present study cupcakes were prepared by using three different combinations of maida and whey powder as egg replacer. For preparation of cupcake all ingredients such as maida, sugar, shortening, milk, baking powder and whey powder were mixed to form batter. This batter was poured in moulds and baked in oven at 170 0C for 15 min. Three samples were prepared using three different combinations of maida and whey powder (100:15, 100:25 and 100:35). Protein content of cupcake using whey was found in the range from 12.09 to 17.80%. The protein content was found maximum i.e. 17.80% in sample containing 100:35 proportion of maida and whey powder followed by sample containing 100:25 proportions (15.10%). Carbohydrates in cupcake were found in the range from 44.00 to 47.10%. Fat content were found 27.00 to 27.80%. Organoleptic properties were evaluated by using 9 point hedonic scale. Better colour and taste were observed in case of cupcake containing 100:15 and 100:25 proportions of maida and whey powder. The overall acceptability of cupcakes with 100:15 and 100:25 proportions was 7.9 and 7.4, respectively.

Project on Demonetizationsolution

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th August 2017

Aashika | 

Abstract

The project deals on the device looks like a smart card but include GPRS and RFID which is connected to network. All the users are given with this type of card, which is unique from one another. Here the two main technologies used are Nearfield communication (NFC) and Farfieldcommunication(FFC). The transaction occurs just by scanning of two cards.The main advantage of this project is complete elimination of corruption which now mainly relaying on hard cash.

Quality of Work Life

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Mr. Ramesh.V | 

Abstract

In modern era, it has been observed that stress management has become one of the most substantial concepts in the professional environment. It is also seen that working efficiency has degraded to some extent as professionals are unable to maintain a balance between their personal and professional lives. This difference has made organizations to formulate such policies that lead to better job performance which results in job satisfaction moreover employee satisfaction. This degree of satisfaction has been referred to as QUALITY OF WORK LIFE. Quality of work life is a process in an organization which enables its members at all levels to participate actively and effectively in shaping organizational environment, methods and outcomes. This study focuses on the subjective matter of QWL i.e. its key elements like job security, job performance, employee satisfaction etc.

Reactive Extraction of 2-methylenesuccinic acid using Tri-N-Butyl Phosphate In Natural Non-Toxic Diluent

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

M.D. Waghmare  | V. U. Ambalkar ,A. Waheed Deshmukh

Abstract

Reactive extraction is one of the most promising technique emerging as a substitute to recover caboxylic acids from the fermentation brothas compared to conventional methods.However the toxicity of the extractants and diluents is the major limitation to use this technique forthe recoveryof carboxylic acids from bioreactors. Selection of an extractant and diluent for reactive extraction should be on the basis of minimal toxicity and maximum extractive efficiency. Present paper deals with reactive extraction of 2-methylenesuccinic acid using tri-n-butyl phosphate in natural non-toxic sesame oil. Results were presented in terms of effect of dose of extrcant, distribution coefficients, loading ratio and degree of extraction. Both physical and chemical extraction methods were studied and the better performances of extractant-diluent combination over the diluent alone were observed.

Recovery of Coal by Froth Flotation Equipment

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

M.Shireesha  | N.Rama,P.Harini, A.Mounika, K.Dinesh

Abstract

- Coal in India and worldwide, is cleaned predominantly by dense medium separations. But when it comes to cleaning of fine coals such as mine dust, slack coal, washing rejects and slurries, froth flotation method of coal cleaning has better efficiency and handling. In this method of wet cleaning, froth is made in a flotation cell by bubbling air through water in presence of frothing agents, collecting agents on addition pure and light coal adhere to air bubble while the dirtier part sinks to bottom of the cell. Thus clean coal is recovered from the collected froth amount. In this current project froth flotation was being carried in a fixed froth flotation cell used in the laboratory. Runs of froth flotation have been carried out using the same stock of coal but varying the size of coal fines, concentration of coal slurries and different doses of collecting agents, frothing agents and of their mixtures. After the completion of the process the slurry consisting coal is collected and dried in atmospheric conditions. In order to measure the ash content, moisture content, volatile content, and fixed carbon in recovered coal were calculated by proximate analysis. Effect of size of particles in slurry was very much visible while the recovery was enhanced when higher dose of collecting agents and frothing agents were used. Use of advanced frothing agents and collecting agents can be studied further in this direction.

Relation between Storage Volume and Erosion Control Performance of Woven Geomesh

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Vinay Kumar Midha | Suresh Kumar S

Abstract

Soil management techniques using vegetation and geomesh can mitigate runoff soil erosion. In this paper, the erosion control performance of different grade commercial coir and jute geomeshes were studied at different angle of soil slope using ASTM D 7101 standards, in a bench-sale setup with some modifications. The erosion control performance of geomeshes were correlated with the calculated storage volume of geomeshes and it was observed that the coir geomesh have better correlation with R 2 value of 0.858. Whereas, jute geomesh have a moderate correlation with R 2 value of 0.640, due to additional influence of high drapability, which facilitates better contact with soil surface and results in better performance than the calculated storage volume

Reliable Human Identification using IRIS as a Biometric

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Jayshree Sali | C.B.Kadu

Abstract

Among various methods of personal identification iris recognition is regarded as the most reliable and accurate system available. The purpose of this paper is to represent iris recognition algorithm so as to prove its reliability as a biometric on the basis of its performance. The images selected for study are from CASIA iris database. The classification is done on the basis of the most repeatedly occurring class using KNN classifier. Euclidian distance metric was employed to check the similarity between two iris images and the two images said to be matched if its value is less than or equal to threshold. The system was tested and shown an overall accuracy of 97.5 % with false rejection rate of 3% and false acceptance rate of 2%.

Review on QSD Multiplier Design Using VHDL

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Pooja s. Rade | Ashwini M. Khode, Rajani N. Kapse, Ankita M. Sor, Smruti G. Bhasme,Prashant Y. Shende

Abstract

- The need for high speed digital circuits became more prominent as portable multimedia and communication applications incorporating information processing and computing. In binary number system carry is a major problem in arithmetical operation including propagation delay and circuit complexity. To overcome this problem signed digit is required for carry free arithmetical operation. Further, literature reviews suggest that multi-valued logic (MVL) would be a better choice to address the problem of developing faster chips to perform faster computational operation. Quaternary Signed Digit (QSD) have major advantages in carry free arithmetical operation This paper is about a new number system for ALU. Carry free addition circuit is used to enhance the speed of operation. The design is structured for m × n multiplication where m and n can reach up to 126 bits. In this paper, we are giving the review of papers for the QSD multiplier.

Role of an Architect for Safety, Security and Privacy of Smart Cities

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Prof. Shrutee S. Dhanorkar | Prof. Aparna Tarar

Abstract

With the increasing population of urban areas, there are emerging trends and ideas for smart cities to respond the urgent need. It not only refers to the technical and technological advancement of the cities but it does refer to the planning aspects of the city which will help the citizens to have safe and secured built environment; retaining the privacy of spaces. These planning considerations will have great impact on human lives and their issues related to privacy and security. There is a conscious need to include privacy and security requirements into architectural Designs from the initial stage of design. The paper summarizes the major challenges and emerging issues to be watched out for the planning considerations of safe and secure built environment of smart cities. The key observation is that security and safety can be achieved: 1. By carving out interactive junctions to replace dark narrow spaces; 2. By imposing the spaces which can be directly viewed through the structures around (visual connectivity); 3. By integrating un-built spaces with the built spaces which will be used for different activities in different time slots of the day. In larger perspective this research proves to be fruitful for contribution towards smart city planning strategies which can be referred for designing safe and secured environment maintaining the privacy. This helps to nurture the sense of safety in built and un-built spaces of a smart city

Role of Hawthrone Studies in Human RelationApproach” Neo Classical Theory

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

Mandeep Singh | 

Abstract

Human relation approach has highly influential in the modern world, first coined in the industrial scene, has penetrated far reaching scenario since its relatively recent inception in the 1920’s by Elton Mayo and his colleagues. They are well kno wn as Mayo group in human relations literature. Illumination experiment is the first one with which they started experimenting; later on they did some other experiments also. Elton Mayo often referred to as the Father of the "Human Relations" approach because of his intuitive thinking. He headed a staff of men who were to revolutionize the then-current trends and beliefs in industrial relations at the Hawthorne plant of the western Electric Company in Chicago. "In general, the studies established that men are not typically individualistic and materialistic, but social beings with social as well as material needs." This study shows how Hawthrone studies make an impact in human relation approach and it also reveals the importance of social and psychological factors in determining the workers’ productivity and satisfaction.

SIGMA V Elements in Lattice Modules

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Dr. C. S. Manjarekar | A. N. Chavan, Dr. U. R. Biraje

Abstract

Let L be a compactly generated multiplicative lattice with 1 compact in which every finite product of compact elements is compact and M be a module over L which is also a compactly generated in which the largest element is compact. In this paper we define Ap, in the lattice module M and obtain many properties where p is prime element of L. Finally we define - element in a lattice module M and obtain it's properties.

Silicon based Antennas-The Concept and Implementation

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Ranjana Trivedi | Ritesh Saraswat,Susheela Choudhary,Pradeep Kumar Sharma

Abstract

The miniaturization of system is the growing demand of electronic industry. As we need to reduce the size, it needs a high level integration and low powers circuits for a small battery requirement. We need the small wave lengths and integrated antennas on chip for high frequency systems. Fractal structure antennas can be used for the structure of an antenna that can be compact in size with large band width. The fabrication process for this is well-matched with the standard CMOS process. A multiband Minkowski fractal patch antenna and Sierpinski carpet fractal antenna on an SOI substrate show a small return loss of for both the bands. The radiation efficiency, bandwidth and directivity are respectively according to the requirements

Simulation of β – α Transformation In Ti-6Al-4V using Cellular Automata

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Abil Joseph Eapen | Dr. R S Sudheesh

Abstract

The transformation from β titanium to α titanium is a fast process, andhence simulation of the process is a reliable technique for the understanding of their microstructural evolution and the morphology of the transformed phase. Cellular Automata (CA) is the technique used here for the simulation. In this technique, the considered lattice is divided into a number of cells and based on the property determining parameters of the material, dependent variables are calculated for each cell. Initial Ti- 6Al-4V microstructure is mapped to the MATLAB by an image. Based on the assumptions and the thermodynamic properties of Ti-6Al-4V all relevant properties and microstructure is captured by incorporating nucleation and its growth and vanadium diffusion. Vanadium diffusion is solved b inite ifference ethod using appropriate boundar conditions The simulation is done for three different cooling rates , s

Social Entrepreneurship and Its Impact on Economy

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Arun VA | Justin MB

Abstract

This is a conceptual research article, on the topic Social Entrepreneurship and it?s impact on economy?. The data collected for the research was mainly from secondary sources. The various aspects of Social Entrepreneurship such as its introduction, history, the concept of Social Entrepreneurship, its needs, characteristics, importance, historical examples of leading Social entrepreneurs , the major organization in social entrepreneurship ,The types of Social entrepreneurship organizations, their role in economic development, their economic benefits, two cases of various Social enterprises, top ten Social entrepreneurs from India and the challenges faced by Social enterprises are being conveyed through the research article.

Socio-economic risk factors of mental retardation without a common genetic cause: inferences from population cohort study in Himachal Pradesh

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Thakur Neelam | 

Abstract

The current retrospective study was aimed to examine major risk factors of mental retardation without a common genetic cause to educate the population and define intercession methods. A total of 150 MR of unknown etiology and 150 normal children were included in this study and look over for stigmata of dysmorphology, malformations, growth retardation, family history of MR, developmental delay etc. Stanford-Binet Intelligence test was conducted for each participant. Mental retardation is found to be associated with maternal education, low birth weight, preterm birth, microcephaly, multiple births, male preponderance, rural origin etc. No maternal age effect was noticed in these individuals as most of the cases were born to younger mother but in severe mental retardation, risk increased consistently and independently with increasing maternal age. Birth order does not predict mental retardation of unknown etiology. Only severely affected individuals were associated with multiple births. Present study is a preliminary step towards revealing the subtle causes of mental retardation in population of Himachal Pradesh. This study exposes the current situation and identifies the most tenacious intrusions to reduce the occurrence of childhood MR in Himachal Pradesh. Proper monitoring of risk factors could prevent our human health system from a serious lifelong disability and burden of the society could be reduced

Some Results on rational functions with Prescribed Poles

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 8th August 2017

Ajaz Wani | 

Abstract

This paper generalize as well as refine some results pertaining to the rational functions with prescribed poles. Mathematics Subject Classifications (2010): 30A10, 30C10, 30D15.

Stem Cells – A General Study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd June 2017

Arundhati Kanungo | Abhijeet Das

Abstract

All multicellular organisms contain some basic stem cells that have the potential to differentiate into a variety of adult cells. Regeneration and self-renewal assign a unique trademark to these special types of cells. Although stem cell research is highly debatable on life creation/destruction issue, these specialized cells tend to open new horizons in clinical research and treatment. Here, in this paper, we aim to provide a general overview on stem cells, its properties and types along with its various harvest procedures. Highlights are made on potential uses of stem cells in biomedical research along with the challenges and future perspectives of work at the crossroads of biology and computer science.

Stochastic Perishable Inventory Control in a Service Facility System Maintaining Inventory for Service: Semi Markov Decision Problem

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th June 2017

R.Mugesh | S.Krishnakumar ,C.Elango

Abstract

In this article we address the problem of optimally controlling the service rate in a service facility system maintaining perishable inventory for service completion. We consider a finite service facility system having finite waiting space with Poisson arrivals and exponentially distributed service times and lif e time of items. For the given values of maximum inventory and waiting space capacity, we determine the order quantities at various instance of time so that the long run expected cost rate is minimized. The problem is modeled as a semi–Markov Decision Problem. We prove the existence of a stationary optimal policy and solve it by employing value iteration technique. Numerical example is provided to get insight into the system behavior.

Structural and Magnetic Properties of MFe2O4 Prepared by Solution Combustion Method

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Hina Bhargava | Sudheesh V D,Varkey Sebastian,Nygil Thomas

Abstract

Nan particles of spinel ferrite MFe2O4 where M= Co, Ni and Zn, were prepared using self-combustion technique. Using a combination of x ray diffraction and DC magnetization, the structural and magnetic properties of the nano particles have been studied. Although the preparation conditions were kept same, the particle size of NiFe2O4 (39.2nm) were smaller than that of CoFe2O4 (43.6nm) and ZnFe2O4 (42.1nm) hence the formation of NiFe2O4 is more exothermic in nature than the formation of CoFe2O4 and ZnFe2O4 . The dependence of DC magnetization doping have been studied.

Studies on Biologically Potent Ligands and Their Manganese(II) Complexes Synthesized Through Green Chemical Approach

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Dr. Naveen Sharma | 

Abstract

This paper incorporates the preparation, characterization and biochemical screening of the biologically potent ligands and their complexes with manganese(II). The ligands used in these studies are hydrazinecarboxamides and hydrazinecarbothioamides. These ligands and their corresponding metal complexes were synthesized by two synthetic procedures, i.e., microwave as well as the conventional heating. A comparison has been made between these two synthetic methods on the basis of the yield of the products, refluxing time and the solvent consumed. The structural deductions were made on the basis of magnetic measurements, electronic, infrared, ESR, and NMR spectral studies. The complexes of manganese(II)with hydrazincarboxamides have been synthesized.The bonding pattern of the ligands and the geometry of their manganese(II) complexes have been deduced on the basis of UV, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectral and X-ray diffraction studies.Some selected metal complexes and their parent ligands have been screened for their antifungal activities and the observed results have been explained.

Studies on Growth Performance and Variance Components in Madhuca Indica Genotypes

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th September 2017

M. S. Wani | A. M. Wani

Abstract

During 2012, in the month of August, the study was undertaken at School of Forestry and Environment, SHUATS, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, to ascertain the growth performance and variance components of Madhuca indica genotypes. The experiments were conducted in open field environmental conditions using a Randomized Block Design with three replications. Twenty genotypes collected from candidate plus trees in different parts of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, and its adjoining areas were assessed for eleven traits namely seedling height, collar diameter, internodal length, number of leaves per seedling, leaf area, fresh and dry shoot weight, fresh and dry root weight, shoot/root ratio and total biomass of seedling. Based on the growth performance of these genotypes at six months after sowing of seeds in poly-bags, the following genotypes: G12, G20, G19, G9, and G13, in that order, were found to be superior to other genotypes. Since all the traits showed moderately high heritability and genetic gain, it appears that selection based on these traits would be effective for further improvement of the tree as such the tree being highly valued for having multipurpose uses and one among the tree borne oil seed plants.

Studies on Preparation and Quality of Nutrie Banana Almond fruit leather

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th July 2017

P. S. Dongare | S. D. Mali,Prof. A.C. Dagadkhair

Abstract

A present investigation was carried out with the objectives to study preparation and quality characteristics of banana almond leather with the incorporation of milk powder. The various trials were taken for formulation of recipe with the varying quantity of almond and banana pulp. The result outcome of this research is that, a good quality fruit based leather can be prepared by using Banana pulp 430 g, Almond powder 15 g, Milk powder 40 g, Okara (Soy milk residue) 4g, Sugar 38.79 g, Citric acid 0.862 g and KMS 0.862 g. The prepared leather founds a concentrated source of nutrients viz., Moisture 17g/100g, Protein 10.21g, Carbohydrate 61.63g, Fat 5.86g, Ash 2.42g and Fibre 2.5 g/100 g. Also it is a good source of Calcium 220 mg/100g, Phosphorous 67.7 mg/100g, Potassium 348 mg/100g and Magnesium 57 mg/100g. Beyond the basic chemical composition it is a very good source of Omega fatty acids and essential amino acids as it’s fortified with an almond and milk powder. The leather having good consumer acceptability as per sensory evaluation conducted by semi trained panel members. The prepared leather can be stored for long time with better packaging material preferably LDPE and wrapped with butter paper at ambient temperature.

Study a Correlative between CPRS and Self Constructed ABP T/P RS along with Standardization

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 21st September 2017

Shyny T. Y | 

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to provide an adolescent behaviour problem rating scale for teachers and parents to identify their behavioural problems and can provide proper intervention for both adolescents and parents whenever necessary. This rating scale is also important in clinical and research settings with children suffering from neuro developmental disorders, and particularly with children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This scale provides an interesting qualitative and quantitative picture of the emotional and behavioural conduct problem, learning problem, anxiety, impulsive/hyperactive behaviour, behavioural addictions like alcoholism, drug addiction, internet addiction etc.

Study of Initial Growth of Plants in Treated Water

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Garima Goswami | Chaitanya Sahadev,Dhananjay Rankawat,Yash Maheshwari, Ramesh Chandra Paliwal

Abstract

India is one of the few countries in the world which is endowed with abundant land and water resources. Due to its geographical situation and tropical conditions, India experiences vast spatial and temporary variation in the rainfall. About one third of the countrys area is drought prone, which includes parts of Rajasthan. Scarcity of water for irrigation in southern Rajasthan is a big challenge for the scientific community as well as policy makers. In the present scenario the irrigation water for crops comes from water bodies which has water from waste water treatment plants and many a times untreated water having solid waste including pathogenic bacteria and other microorganisms. Recycled irrigation water if not treated properly for pathogens may result into serious problems for the growing plants in the nurseries or crops in the fields. It can induce many types of diseases and other problems causing permanent damage to the young plants. This water therefore should be disinfected before using it for irrigation purposes. Chlorine in some form is generally used as disinfectant for making water pathogen free. In this paper the effect of added chlorine on the growth of plants is studied. Potted plants were watered with chlorinated water having different concentrations and their growth pattern was studied. The effect was studied for different plant parameters.

Study of Molecular Interaction of Streptomycin Drug at 303 K temperature and 2 MHz

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

A. B. Dhote | G. R. Bedare

Abstract

Experimental measurement of ultrasonic velocity, density and viscosity have been carried out on aqueous solution of Streptomycin at different concentrations at 303 K temperature and 2 MHz frequency. For velocity measurement, Ultrasonic Interferometer (Model No. F-81, Mittal, New Delhi) working at fixed frequency 2 MHz was used. From the experimental data of density (ρ), ultrasonic velocity (U) and viscosity (η), various acoustical parameters such as adiabatic compressibility (βa), Intermolecular free length (Lf), free volume (Vf) and Relaxation time (τ) were calculated. Ultrasonic studies may throw more light on the molecular interaction to know the behavior of solute and solvent molecules in liquid mixtures and solutions. Changes in concentration and temperature affect compressibility of solution, which in turn affects molecular interactions in liquid mixtures and solutions and structure making and structure breaking properties of solute in aqueous solution of Streptomycin. From this results drug absorption, transmission, activity and drug effects can be directly predicted

Study of Transformation of a Sustainable Neighbourhood in Urban Area Through Infrastructure Analysis for Future Smart Cities, Case Study Nagpur.

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ar. Vijaya D. Choudhari  | 

Abstract

The central premise of this study is that the infrastructure facilities at the neighborhood level can affect its neighborhood sustainability and can it affect city development. It is now widely accepted that a relationship exists between the shape, size ,density and land use distribution of a neighborhood and its sustainability. The relative sustainability of , for example , high and low urban densities, or centralized and decentralized settlements is still disputed. Certain forms of neighborhood appear to be sustainable in some respects , for example in reducing travel , social and recreational facilities are nearby. Consequently, if any advances in neighborhood sustainability are to be made, then connections between the neighbourhood form and a range of infrastructure ,recreational and social facilities at neighbourhood level need to be established. A possible solution offered for achieving sustainable neighbourhood form through infrastructure is that of "a high density mixed use development within a restrictive geographical area with enhanced public transport and infrastructure facilities for making smart city". This study attempts to answer three key questions:  what is the existing form of selected neighbourhoods for the study purpose , to identify whether present neighbourhood form is based on sustainable neighbourhood concept if not then........  how can it be achieved?  how it will helpful for making future smart cities?

Study on Fiber Optic Gyroscope

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Sandhyarani N | P C Srikanth

Abstract

A ring laser gyroscope (RLG) consists of a ring laser having two independent counter-propagating resonant modes over the same path; the difference in the frequencies is used to detect rotation. It operates on the principle of the Sagnac effect which shifts the nulls of the internal standing wave pattern in response to angular rotation. Interference between the counter-propagating beams, observed externally, results in motion of the standing wave pattern, and thus indicates rotation.

Study on the preparation of multigrain spicy cream rolls incorporated with wheat, rice, oat and maize flour and peanut butter with schejwan taste

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th August 2017

A. D. Todmal | R. D. Tilekar,M. S. Tathe

Abstract

Bakery is a traditional activity and occupies an important place in food processing industry. Bakery products are an item of mass consumption in view of its low price and with rapid growth and changing eating habits of people; bakery products have gained popularity among masses. Bread, biscuits are popular bakery products available in the market. Along with this products cream roll is also famous bakery product traditionally available in the market. Maida or refined wheat flour is the “heart” of the ingredients in preparation of the various baked goods globally. Similarly hydrogenated vegetable fat is also the primary raw material used in the preparation of a variety of Indian baked goods. As per the study refined wheat flour and hydrogenated vegetable fat are harmful for our health so that development of food products using composite flour has increased and is attracting much attention from researchers, especially in the production of bakery products and pastries. This article focuses on the use of composite flour for reduction of refined wheat flour in cream rolls along with introducing the new spicy flavour by replacing hydrogenated vegetable fat with peanut butter and schejwan flavour to the consumer. Main motto of the research is to reduce maida and hydrogenated vegetable fat which causes increased blood sugar level, coronary heart disease etc..It was found that composite flour and peanut butter along with schejwan flavour used to produce spicy cream rolls is still able to maintain similar characteristics and acceptance to products made from refined wheat flour and margarine. Along with composite flour spinach powder is also added for improving the nutritional quality and attractiveness of the spicy cream rolls. The feasibility of partially replacing Refined wheat flour (Maida) with Wheat, Rice, Oat and Maize flour in spicy Cream roll making was evaluated in several formulations, aiming to find a formulation of Wheat, Rice, Oat and Maize flour for production of cream roll with better texture, nutritional quality and consumer acceptance. Similarly hydrogenated vegetable fat for preparation of inner sweet cream is completely replaced by spicy peanut butter for improving the taste and nutritional value. Results of the sensory (appearance, color, flavor, texture and taste) evaluation revealed that no significant difference was observed in acceptability of the product with substitution levels of Wheat, Rice, Oat and Maize flour at 20, 5, 5, 5 Per Cent respectively along with 65% maida and 100 % spicy peanut butter cream from that of market sweet samples. The nutritional value of the spicy cream rolls (protein, fat, carbohydrate, ash and iron) was also increased significantly than the market sweet cream rolls..

Survey of Associative Classification Techniques for Text Mining

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Ms. Shweta M. Kambare | Asst. Prof. Mrs. Varsha A. Jujare, Asst. Prof. Mr. Atul A. Kumbhar

Abstract

Amount of unorganized text data is increasing day by day as the use of internet is increasing. Proper classification and knowledge discovery from these documents is an important area for research. Approximately 80% of the information of an organization is stored in unstructured textual format, in the form of reports, email, views and news etc. So there is need of automatic retrieval of useful knowledge from the huge amount of textual data in order to assist the human analysis. Associative classification is one of the most efficient techniques for text classification. Associative classification is integration of association rule mining and classification rule mining. In this paper, different techniques of associative classification are discussed in brief.

Synthesis and Characterization of Hydroxyapatite for Biomedical Applications

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

N. Bliss Shiny | Mr. S. Gnanavel

Abstract

Hydroxyapatite (HAp) is a mineral which is the main composition of bone and teeth in human body. It is well documented that the biocompatibility and bioactivity of bone or teeth could be improved through the synthesis of nanoparticle HAp. Among several methodologies available for synthesizing HAp wet chemical technique was found to be used for well controlling varying processing parameters. This article focuses on synthesis of HAp for surface modification of orthopedic and dental implants. HAp was synthesized using DiAmmonium Hydrogen Phosphate (DHP) and Calcium Nitrate Tetrahydrate (CNT) precursors. Proper care has been taken to maintain pH around 10.8 while stirring with the help of Ammonium Hydroxide (AH). The morphological analysis by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) measurement shows that the particles are tightly agglomerated with an average size of 300-400 nm. X-Ray Diffractometry (XRD) analysis detects the purity of HAp. Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDX) gives the elemental composition of HAp and further characterization through Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was also done.

Synthesis and Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles using Ricinuscommunis Plant and Study of their Biological Activity

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Vinay.S.P | Dr.Chandrashekar.N

Abstract

The main aim of this study is to evaluate the Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles synthesized from aqueous plant extract of Ricinuscommunis and study its Antimicrobial activity. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized by UVVIS spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The antimicrobial activity of synthesized silver nanoparticles was compared with their respective plant extract by agar well diffusion method was calculated. The zone of inhibition varied in range of 12 to17 mm with 100 ?g/ml silver nanoparticles concentration. The antimicrobial activity of synthesized silver nanoparticles was higher than that of the standard drug i.e. streptomycin (for bacteria). The synthesized nanoparticles of Ricinuscommunis have shown good antimicrobial efficacy as compared to plant extract and may prove to be better antimicrobial agent against wide range of microbes.

Synthesis, Characterization, Industrial Application And Anticancer Activity of New N-Mustard Substituted Coumarin Derivatives

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

A Barasara | M Pandya,A Patel, D Purohit

Abstract

A series of N-mustard Substituted-coumarin have been synthesized characterized and evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxicity and anticancer activity against PC-3 human cancer cell lines. The methodology involves nucleophilic substitution of readily accessible 3-Cyano-4-chloro coumarin with ethanol amine further on chlorination gives substituted 4-(bis(2- chloroethyl)amino)-2-oxo-2H-chromene-3-carbonitrile derivatives. Among these compounds screened, three compounds (ASW-2g, ASW-2f and ASW-2e) showed GI50 range from 80 to 95 μg/ml. All synthesized compounds were characterized by IR, NMR and Mass spectral analysis and screened for anticancer activity using PC-3 cell line. All the compounds showed moderate to good anticancer activity.

Technology for Dyscalculic Elementary School Students

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 9th September 2017

Jeewan jyoti | Prof. Pushpa Gautam

Abstract

Mathematics is a complex subject, involving language, space and quantity. Much research into the development of mathematical skills has focused upon relatively basic numerical abilities, such as arithmetic or counting (Bisanz, 1999), but even at such early levels many complex abilities are involved. These include transcoding between spoken number words and Arabic numerals, relating these to semantic representations of set size(“numerosity”), reasoning about relative set sizes (if 1 is added to 2, the result should be 3); and understanding the relations between set size and counting order. A person with mathematical disability has a difficult time solving arithmetic problems and grasping math concepts. The complexity of numerical processing has made defining what it means to have a specific mathematical learning disability

The Feasibility Study of BLE Based Wireless Sensors

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Ankita Singh | 

Abstract

This paper is all about the results obtained from a feasible study about Bluetooth low energy based wireless sensors. The important demands of wireless technologies like low energy consumption and a resource saving simple protocol stack, have been met by the development of industrial wireless sensors. These fundamental necessities are rather fulfilled by Bluetooth low energy (new wireless standard).In order to explore the common applicability of BLE for wireless sensor systems, a self-designed BLE sensor system have been used. The results of various analyses made with BLE based wireless sensors are presented in the paper

The Hurdle of Program Outcomes Attainment and the Aid of Mathematical Approach

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

Sapana P. Dubey | 

Abstract

Outcome based education system is the need of higher engineering education. It specifies learning objective for the students. To get the accreditation of a program through NBA, it is required to analyze the attainment of outcomes. Course Outcome, Program Outcome and Program Specific Outcome are three main outcomes through which we can measure the success of any program run for the engineering students. This paper describes the process to quantify the program outcomes using course outcomes. The mathematical approach will be applied in this process. The performance of the student is the key element of the evaluation of attainment of any program outcome.

The Intercorrelation between Text Typology and Strategy Use in Textual Reading among Moroccan English Department University Students

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 18th August 2017

Mohammed Msaddek | 

Abstract

The present study is a succinct manifestation of the extent to which text typology (i.e., narrative, expository) can have an effect on English Department learners’ strategy use during the reading act at the pre-testing as well as post-testing stages. Two selected Moroccan EFL groups, control (n=50) and experimental (63), majoring in English Language Studies, were addressed with a view to thoroughly investigating the issue at hand and reaching robust, comprehensive findings. For achieving this, a series of such research instruments as reading comprehension tests (i.e., pre-test, post-test), reading strategy instruction and reading comprehension texts (i.e., narrative, expository) were implemented throughout the conduct of this research. The findings revealed that text typology is a strong variable affecting the frequency of the use of some strategies among both EFL groups (i.e., control, experimental) at the pre-test and post-test levels. Finally, some useful implications and applications relevant to textual synthesis are presented and a few suggestions for future research are called upon.

The Isotropic and Anisotropic Stellar Masses for a Charged Matter

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th September 2017

Jefta M. Sunzu |  B. Prabhakar Reddy

Abstract

In this paper we compare the relativistic masses for isotropic and anisotropic stellar objects. We use the exact solutions obtained in the work by Sunzu and Danford in order to compute the relativistic stellar masses. We have used a model that is charged and adopted a linear equation of state consistent for a quark matter. It is indicated that the relativistic masses generated are in the acceptable range when compared with stellar masses previously found by other researchers. Our model indicates that the masses for the isotropic case are higher than that of anisotropic object. Our results are therefore significant for the study of effects of the anisotropy on the charged stellar objects.

The parameters influencing consumer decision making in Sports Utility Vehicle launch event attendance

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd September 2017

C. Revathy | Jamal Mohamed Zubair

Abstract

This study is based upon a sample survey on consumer SUV launch event selection and attendance with regard to SUV product launches and the various processes involved in this area. Many strategies are involved in the decision making and few of them indicate new insights to the field of SUV launch event marketing and SUV launch event management. The process is quite complex as it involves variety of factors associated both with SUV launch event like nature of SUV launch event, objective, psychological, consumer values, societal influences and the pattern of their SUV launch event attendance and so on. The survey is done with a view to understanding the various influences that had enabled them attend a particular SUV launch event say SUV product launch. Questions for their not attending an SUV launch event to unravel the various factors that are involved in changing a positive attendance and their influence on the consumer decision process. The study revealed finer details of the parameters involved in the process of consumer decision of SUV launch event selection and attendance and gave insights (1) to enable a detailed analysis on the demographics of the consumers who have attended SUV launch event (2) to know the influence in the decision making on event attendance. The survey is done with a view to understanding the various influences that had enabled them attend a particular SUV launch event.

The Social Production of Space: a Study on Teenagers' Creation of Social Space in a Shopping Mall

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 5th September 2017

Dwijiri Ramchiary | 

Abstract

In recent years, Simultaneous Wireless Information and The aim of the study is to examine the shopping mall(DLF Mall ) located on the Nelson Mandela Road, New Delhi, as a space through Lefebre‟s triadic space conceptions and the specific focus is on teenagers‟ social use of the mall. In India, like anywhere else the shopping malls are increasingly providing its customers with the best built environment possible to enhance their shopping behaviour. Malls today are on the verge of erasing any replica of geographical locations given the fact that carbon-copy chain stores, ubiquitous greenery and floor plan directories have sprawled. Mall culture in India and especially in Delhi & NCR has grown with an incredible pace. A common trend has also been associated with the teenagers hanging out in the requisite food court .With the mushrooming of malls in India, hanging out at the mall is becoming one of the quintessential activities of urban adolescent life.

The struggles of Ceylonese Women in Rani Manicka?s, The Rice Mother and The Japanese Lover

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Manimangai Mani | -

Abstract

The Ceylonese Tamils migration to Malaya started after the year 1894. Most of them were educated and were employed in the British civil service in Malaya. Brides were often imported from Ceylon for these men who are well settled in this new country. This study intends to expose the struggles faced by these Ceylonese Tamil women who were displaced due to marriage in the pre-colonial Malaya. The struggles of these women will be based on the female characters in Rani Manickas, The Rice Mother (2002)and The Japanese Lover (2010). Manicka, who is of Sri Lankan origin, was born and educated in Malaysia. She sheds light on the complications and challenges faced by displaced women in a patriarchal society and the roles they are expected to play. Both the novels selected for this study depict the journey of imported brides in Malaya and the difficulties faced by them in adapting to the new environment. These two novels will be studied in the light of postcolonial theory by looking into the issues of displacement and identity. This paper will reveal the difficulties faced by these women in adapting to the new place and culture. Secondly, it will explore the hardships faced by these women during the Japanese occupation and finally the roles that were destined to be played by these women. Being displaced in a strange land, the main characters in both novels are forced to adapt to the new environment and the new roles that the society expected them to play.

The Study of low pressure melting curves using modified Morse potential- Cu and Ag as a test case

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 28th July 2017

P. S. Panchal | N. K. Bhatt,P. R. Vyas,V. B. Gohel

Abstract

— In the present communication, the volume and hence pressure dependence of melting temperature of Cu and Ag have been studied using explicit volume dependence of Gruneisen parameter. The Gruneisen parameter as a function of compressed volume has been calculated by using modified Morse potential. The analytical form of pressure dependence of melting temperature, which has been derived using Lindeman’s criterion for melting and Debye’s theory has been used. Our computed results are compared with experimental findings and other available theoretical results and good agreements are observed.

Therapeutic support to an Adolescent with Aids dementia : Case Study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st July 2017

Guru Prasanna Lakshmi | 

Abstract

The major neurological complications associated with HIV infection include cognitive, behavioral, and motor disturbances, which may range in severity from subtle, mild cognitive deficits to the clinical syndrome referred to as HIVassociated dementia or AIDS dementia complex (ADC).(Rebecca .A. Meehan, PhD et;al, 2001). In this paper, I would like to highlight how the problem behaviors interrupt with the compliance and make socially isolated followed by delay in treatment, thus made difficult to prevent further progression of disease. The aim of the present study is to examine the application of integrative approach to enhance the quality of life in patients with Aids Dementia. A single case pre -and post-design intervention study was adopted. Adolescent suffering from Aids Dementia with presenting problem behaviors was given 8 sessions of comprising Cognitive Retraining, Behavior modification, few techniques from Cognitive therapy(Mistakes in thinking – learning to recognize them). The sessions were conducted once in alternate day for a period of 45 minutes - 1 hour. Child was assessed on CBCL in Pre - Post condition. The resulted psychological profile of the patient was qualitatively analyzed. The pre-assessment showed score of 55 which appeared to be severe level of problem behaviors .The post intervention assessment results indicated the improved quality of life with reduced problem behaviors in turn distress in personal and social life. The results of this study are encouraging and suggest that the therapeutic intervention, would be helpful in improving the patient compliance to the treatment and in turn prevention of disease progressiveness.

Thermal Analysis of Ca-FeSi inoculated. Ductile Iron

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Mr. Bahubali.B. Sangame | Mr. Vikram. B. Nalawade ,Mr. Suyog S. Patil,Mr. Swapnil S. Mali

Abstract

Ductile iron is an alloy of iron alloyed with carbon and silicon and manufactured by casting which offers good combination of strength and ductility. The presence of silicon in higher amount promotes the graphitization, inhibiting carbon to form carbides with carbide forming elements present. When Ce, Mg are added to the melt of iron with very low sulphur content, the carbon solidifies as spheroidal graphite. Due to this special microstructure containing graphite in nodular form, ductile iron possesses ductility & toughness superior to that of any cast iron & steel structure resulting in numerous successes in industrial application. The current work proposes thermal analysis system for analysis of ductile iron solidification processing. The system consists of standard pouring cup with built in thermocouple. The thermocouple is connected to data logger system so as to measure the time-temperature data of solidification sequence. The ductile iron treatment consists of composition control, melt pretreatment, magnesium treatment and inoculation processing. Even small change in processing can be monitored by thermal analysis and its effects on final microstructure and mechanical properties. The melting trials were conducted for varying amount of inoculant addition rate for Ca-FeSi inoculant, to study its effect on parameters of thermal analysis like eutectic undercooling temperature, recalescence, solidification pattern, final microstructure, and shrinkage tendency.

Three-Body Abrasive Wear Behavior of Al-8011 alloy Reinforced with Graphite and Red Mud Particulates

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Anil.K.C | Sachin Gadge,Rishabh Kumar Srivastva,K.V.Sreenivas Rao

Abstract

Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites have been in extensive demand due to their promising properties with respect to space, aerospace and automobile applications. In the present research work aluminum-red mud particulates (Al-RMp) &aluminum-graphite particulates (Al-Grp) reinforced composites were synthesized by traditional stir casting route. The reinforcement was varied from 4wt% to 20wt% in steps of 4wt%. The composites thus prepared were subjected to 3-body abrasive wear test as per the ASTM-G65 standard with three different loads of 10kg, 20kg and 30kg. The test was conducted for three different time periods of 10min, 20min, and 30min. The rotational speed of rubber wheel was set to 200rpm.The feed rate of the silica particles of 400 microns size were 28010 g/min. The specimens were also tested for hardness. The experimental results indicate that the hardness and the wear resistance of the composite increases with the increase in the addition of reinforcement particulate. Al-RMp composites exhibit higher hardness and better wear resistance compare to Al-Grp composites. Hardness and wear loss is quantified for all the test samples and reported.

To Improve the pH of Water

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th October 2017

Prof.Dr.AbhishekHaridas | Rushikesh Balasaheb Bagal

Abstract

To improve the pH of water by using Cu & Al electrode.

To study the Budget Making Process in a Professional College

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th September 2017

Nitesh V Sanklecha | Dr. P. B. Yenurkar

Abstract

Ina scenario of uncertain admission for professional college year after year.Ever increasing competition among professional college for providing best academics & facilities to students. But providing the best academics and facilities hascost. The difficulty faces by professional college is that they have to provide these facilities at attractive low fees to students, so that their admissions do not suffer. Therefore the college as to balance their cost and revenue to avoid the stigma of making a loss.This paper tries to identify the Budgeting making process in a professional college.

Toll-like receptors and calcium-activated chloride/potassium channels as immunomodulators of allergic airway inflammation and asthma: a public health research experience in State of Nebraska, USA

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 4th September 2017

Saumya Pandey | 

Abstract

Allergic airway inflammation and asthma have emerged as major public health problem in the Midwest, United States of America. Targeting Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling and Calcium-activated Chloride (ClCa)/Potassium (KCa) Channels in unraveling the cellular/molecular mechanisms underlying genetic susceptibility to inflammatory diseases in specific human patient population subset(s) is emerging as an attractive immunotherapeutic pharmacological strategy in management/prevention of asthma. Objectives: My pilot study aimed to investigate the role of TLRs and ClCa/KCa ion channels in human bronchial epithelial cells (NHBEC, BEAS-2B from ATCC), and eosinophils-derived from asthma patients of North American ethnicity. Methods: Whole cell patch clamp electrophysiological recordings were conducted for ClCa and KCa currents in cultured cells (passages P3-P7) grown on cover-slips. RNA and Protein were extracted from NHBECs, BEAS-2B and eosinophils using Trizol and RIPA methods. Pipette and bath solutions for electrophysiology were subjected to stringent pH and osmolality checks prior

Treating problem behaviors associated with the Aids Dementia in an Adolescent : A Case Study

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 22nd August 2017

Guru Prasanna Lakshmi .P | 

Abstract

The major neurological complications associated with HIV infection include cognitive, behavioral, and motor disturbances, which may range in severity from subtle, mild cognitive deficits to the clinical syndrome referred to as HIVassociated dementia or AIDS dementia complex (ADC).(Rebecca .A. Meehan, PhD et;al, 2001). In this paper, I would like to highlight how the problem behaviors interrupt with the compliance and make socially isolated followed by delay in treatment, thus made difficult to prevent further progression of disease. The aim of the present study is to examine the application of integrative approach to enhance the quality of life in patients with Aids Dementia. A single case pre -and post-design intervention study was adopted. Adolescent suffering from Aids Dementia with presenting problem behaviors was given 8 sessions of comprising Cognitive Retraining, Behavior modification, few techniques from Cognitive th erapy(Mistakes in thinking – learning to recognize them). The sessions were conducted once in alternate day for a period of 45 minutes - 1 hour. Child was assessed on CBCL in Pre - Post condition. The resulted psychological profile of the patient was qualitatively analyzed. The pre- assessment showed score of 55 which appeared to be severe level of problem behaviors .The post intervention assessment results indicated the improved quality of life with reduced problem behaviors in turn distress in personal and social life. The results of this study are encouraging and suggest that the therapeutic intervention, would be helpful in improving the patient compliance to the treatment and in turn prevention of disease progressiveness

Tulsi Cookies

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 16th August 2017

Prof. Deepti Chaudhari | T.S. Dongare, O.N Dhanke, S.A. Gaikwad

Abstract

team of experts analyzed the true extent of global malnutrition, as well as the factors that causes it, to develop a new framework for prevention and treatment. More than 3 million children die each year because of malnutrition, accounting for more than 50 % of the deaths among those under the age of 5. As per the study led by scientists and researchers, there is a great need for treatment of acute malnutrition, promotion and child feeding and zinc or protein supplementation. The tulsi cookie is an initiative taken inorder to overcome these deficiencies. The product developed consists of zero trans fat and cholesterol.This is free from maida, wheat flour, thus it is gluten free.It consists of potent antibiotic, antibacterial, antifungicidal, germicidal properties.The cookies are rich highly enriched with Vitamin K, Vitamin D and other vital nutrients.It is highly cost effective.

Various Pretreatment Technologies for Bioethanol Production: A Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

Shefali Chokshi | Shreya Kundu,Kunal Majmudar

Abstract

Due to increase in population and industrialization, all over the globe the demand for fossil based fuel is constantly increasing. This increase in demand for non-renewable fossil based fuel is exhausting the reservoirs of oil as well as possesses severe threats to environment. Thus energy sector have shifted its focus from non-renewable fossil based fuel to renewable biofuels like biogas, bioethanol, biodiesel, etc., contributing towards sustainable development and overcome the threats to environment. Among these biofuels, bioethanol is substituting source of energy receiving special attention over the globe due to exhaustion of nonrenewable fossil fuels and has some significant advantages such as its capability to replace gasoline, to achieve the carbon emission goals under Kyoto Protocol and can be used as transportation fuel with minimal or no modifications in the existing vehicular engines. This bioethanol is produced using lignocellulosic materials and biomass like municipal solid waste, crops, etc. But crops cannot meet the global requirements of bioethanol production considering food v/s fuel debate. So, the lignocellulosic substances such as agricultural wastes, kitchen waste, municipal solid waste etc., are captivating raw material for bioethanol production. Agricultural wastes and kitchen wastes are not only cost effective but are also renewable and ample in quantity. Bioethanol from lignocellulosic material could be a promising technology though the process has several provocations and limitations such as handling and transport of the biomass and coherent pre-treatment methods for total delignification of lignocellulosic materials. Concentrations of fermentable sugars after enzymatic saccharification or enzymatic hydrolysis can be increased by considering appropriate pre-treatment methods, also improving the efficiency of the process. Converting glucose as well as xylose to bioethanol needs some new technologies, to make the whole process cost effective. This paper reviews various pre-treatment methods available for lignocellulosic materials to be further hydrolyzed and fermented to produce bioethanol.

Vibrational, Non-Linear Optical, Thermal And Energy Gap Studies On 4-(3-Bromophenyl)-2- Phenyl-1,3-Thiazole (BPPT): A Density Functional Theory Approach

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 31st May 2017

V. Vasantha Kumar | Laxmikanth Rao

Abstract

Theoretical studies have been carried out on BPPT using DFT-B3LYP method using 6-311+G basis set. The geometrical parameters of the title molecule, like bond length, bond angle and dihedral angles have been calculated and studied. The IR wavenumbers have been calculated theoretically using above mentioned method and are compared with the experimental IR wavenumbers. From this analysis, it can be seen that the vibrational frequencies obtained from B3LYP method are in good agreement with the experiment. Nonlinear optical properties like dipole moment, hyper polarizabilities and thermal properties like rotational constants, zero point vibrational energies are calculated using the same methodology. The effect of temperature on various thermodynamic properties have been calculated theoretically and reported. The frontier molecular orbital studies have been carried out to explain the charge transfer in title molecule.

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) Emission from plant species of the Vidarbha

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 27th September 2017

Rashmi Singh |  M.P. Singh

Abstract

Plants emit numerous volatile organic compounds (VOC). In this study, 50 dominant plant species of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, India were examined for VOC emissions. VOC emission rates of the plant species ranged from undetectable to75.2 g g-1 h -1 . Maximum VOC emission rates of 75.2 g g-1 h -1 observed from Dalbergiasi sissoo.

Way-finding and Signage Design opportunities and challenges within the Indian context for Smart City

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 19th July 2017

Rajendra Bhimraoji Thakre | 

Abstract

The cultural and linguistic diversity of India is evident from the fact that there are 22 major languages in India, written in 13 different scripts, with over 720 dialects. India where tradition and modernity are always at an interesting intersection, this diversity plays a very important role in various aspects of communication design. In this context, navigation and way finding in India presents itself as an important area of study. Navigation and way-finding are integral part of modern life in India. However, applying principles of modern design in the Indian context is at times challenging. Empirically, an average Indian user depends on local place names landmarks and other colloquial identifiers for way finding and navigation. Further, appropriate urban planning in recent years has taken a back seat in the frenzy of the urban development. As a result, there is a haphazard growth of urban areas and influx into semi-urban and rural areas. This has an impact on the physical and “visual” infrastructure of a given geography. Pune, as an urban-agglomerate is typical case of Indian city witnessing these dynamics. Pune is the 9th most populace city in India with a population of more than 50 lakhs spread over 500 sq. km. This paper aims to explore how way-finding and signage in different neighborhoods of Pune have evolved. The paper documents the diversity of the different neighborhoods of Pune city and analyses the various socio-cultural, traditional and modern influences that have an impact on way-finding and signage. There is scope to design better smart navigation & real time information on current scenario. The paper discusses the key opportunities and challenges for design educators and practioners in this regard.

Woodchip Bioreactors for Nitrate Removal In Agricultural Land Drainage: A Review

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 1st September 2017

Mehraj U Din Dar | Shakeel Ahmad Bhat, Syed Rouhullah Ali, Shafat Ahmad Khan

Abstract

Subsurface agricultural drainage can allow large gains in agricultural productivity in the Midwestern United States. There is, however, concern about pollutants moving through these systems. One specific water quality concern is nitrate, a form of nitrogen that moves readily through the soil and often can be present in high amounts in clear drainage waters. The water quality of our local streams, rivers, and lakes can be negatively impacted by nitrate in tile drainage. Moreover, because many streams and rivers in this region lead to the Mississippi River, nitrate in mid-western agricultural drainage also contributes to the hypoxic zone (or Dead Zone) in the Gulf of Mexico. Fortunately, there are a number of practices that can reduce the amount of nitrate in drainage water. Woodchip bioreactors are a new option to reduce the amount of nitrate in drainage before it gets to local surface waters. This technology describes key questions relevant to this innovative approach to water quality. A woodchip bioreactor is made by routing drainage water through a buried trench filled with woodchips. Woodchip bioreactors also are known as DE nitrification bioreactors, a name that is slightly more descriptive of the actual process occurring inside the bioreactor. DE nitrification is the conversion of nitrate (NO3-) to nitrogen gas (dinitrogen, N2) that is carried out by bacteria living in soils all over the world and also in the bioreactor. These good bacteria, called denitrifiers, use the carbon in the woodchips as their food and use the nitrate as part of their respiration process. Because these bacteria also can breathe oxygen, providing anaerobic conditions through more constantly flowing tile water helps ensure that the bacteria utilize the nitrate. Providing these denitrifiers an ample supply of carbon to eat and giving them anaerobic conditions in the bioreactor offers them a perfect environment to remove nitrate from drainage, and in this way we can get rid of the nitrate from the drainage water which ultimately joins other water bodies and can create serious health hazards like the most coveted Blue baby Syndrome. A typical woodchip bioreactor can treat 30 to 80 acres of nitrate infested fields with an annual nitrate load reduction of about 10 percent to greater than 90 percent depending on the bioreactor.

GOLD SCHEMES Can They Replace The Need To Hold Physical Gold? Expectations and Realities

International Journal of Science , Engineering and Management, Available online 29th June 2017

M. Sudha Madhavi | T.V. Janaki

Abstract

From ages Indian womens love for gold is very famous. The yellow metal which was described as barbaric relic by famous thinkers has always been occupying prime place in the life of Indian woman. However for a long period of time Indian Government failed to consider this fact and capitalize it. They followed US way and considered gold as evil asset. The picture has reversed with the bounce back of the gold in global economy. In spite of much disregard of modern economist about its economic value, to their shock gold now proves its mystic hidden power by bouncing back as a financial asset in the global economy. Realizing the power of gold which is backed by 20,000 tons of gold lying idle with people and temple Modi government accepted gold as a reality of the Indian Economy and launched three gold schemes namely Gold Monetization Scheme, Sovereign Gold Bonds and Gold Coin Scheme. Monetization is the process of converting or establishing something into legal tender. However, still the questions remain about the success of the schemes. GMS aims to alleviate the need to hold physical gold or in more precise finance terms improve the productivity of gold. Will the scheme trio achieve the purpose? If not what modifications are required to be adopted for taking the scheme much more nearer to people knowing the Indian psychology towards gold. The present paper is a discussion paper on these thought provoking issues. Authors attempt to trigger few questions into the minds of the esteemed academicians with a modest attempt to provide few suggestions.